CN1240917C - Building with solar ultilization system - Google Patents

Building with solar ultilization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1240917C
CN1240917C CNB021420742A CN02142074A CN1240917C CN 1240917 C CN1240917 C CN 1240917C CN B021420742 A CNB021420742 A CN B021420742A CN 02142074 A CN02142074 A CN 02142074A CN 1240917 C CN1240917 C CN 1240917C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
solar energy
indoor
energy system
treatment box
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB021420742A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1478973A (en
Inventor
武山伦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Om Institute Of Corporate Society
Om Solar Association Co ltd
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Om Institute Of Corporate Society
Om Solar Association Co ltd
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Priority to CNB021420742A priority Critical patent/CN1240917C/en
Publication of CN1478973A publication Critical patent/CN1478973A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1240917C publication Critical patent/CN1240917C/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

The present invention relates to construction of a building with a solar energy system, which can not only correspond to wind directions and other weather conditions, but also can flexibly correspond to residences and buildings in an external environment, and can utilizes solar energy to carry out indoor heating, refrigeration, air exchange, dehumidification and hot water supply. A roof is provided with a solar heat-collection part which tightly abuts on the lower surface of a roof plate made of metal and has an air channel having roof inclination; the building is also provided with a reverse-flow prevention valve, a communicated passage switching valve and a processing tank of a fan, wherein the communicated passage switching valve carries out switching to a down-flow channel opening onto the interior of a room and an exhaust channel exhausting outwards; the processing tank of a fan is arranged between the reverse-flow prevention valve and the passage switching valve and is used for collecting heat; the solar heat-collection part is communicated with a channel which is arranged in the internal space of a cabin and is used for collecting heat; in addition, the channel used for collecting heat is connected with the processing tank, and the processing tank is connected with the down-flow channel and the exhaust channel.

Description

The solar energy system building
Technical field
The solar energy system building that the present invention relates to utilize the solar energy heating air to warm oneself etc.
Background technology
The increase of the carbon dioxide that mankind's activity produces has threatened earth environment itself.Wherein most of reason is to approve of the developed country of many consumption-orientations of energy civilization to cause.
If the idealized model of developed country is also pursued by most of developing countries, then earth environment is certain to further be destroyed.
But this is not that the people of requirement developing country abandons " affluence " that developed country enjoys.
A large amount of consumption of resource should never only be the privileges that gives developed country.
Now, developed country should do do not lower the living standard, but find out the method that when advancing in living standard, how to reduce carrying capacity of environment.
Therefore require to build not only to adapt to wind and other meteorological conditions, but also shelter and building that can flexible corresponding external environment condition, making full use of solar energy is indoor heating, cooling, ventilation, dehumidifying and hot-water supply.
The japanese traditional dwelling house has big roof, dark eaves, wide opening, frame, open plane, the floor higher than ground, feature such as recessed.This natural formation of residences in Japan can be described as with interacting naturally, merging of Japan generation.
Wide opening and high floor obviously are in order to adapt to Japanese summer high temperature, many wet situations, to make this building types of indoor nice and cool needs by ventilation.
This form can easily realize by using the Japanese architecture method-wood that has very much individual character to make axle establishment building method.
But, improving sun utilization side heat, this Japanese architecture method exists very big weakness.This at first column, go up the Japanese architecture method that roof, wall and window can freely be provided with then, to building heat insulation, sealing is very unfavorable, and has limited the construction site that can obtain heat capacity.
But, as this Japonica type tradition dwelling house the method that improves the solar heat utilization rate is arranged also, establish bigger peristome in the south of dwelling house exactly, but the daylight in huge uptake winter like this.Then open a part to summer, purpose is in order to ventilate.
And then, also can build a sun-room as the greenhouse, from carrying warm air to the room here in the outside, room.
At this moment, though by accumulation of heat only be air, as shown in figure 20, glass 52 coverings such as grade of the outside of outer walls of concrete 51, if between the slit form and to flow to indoor 53 air circulation path 54, then outer wall 51 itself plays the effect of heat storage, indoorly can access stable heat supply.
But this method only limits to the concrete of the interior space in the south, forms the bigger temperature difference with the north interior space.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of existing building, build and not only adapt to wind and other meteorological conditions, but also shelter and building that can flexible corresponding external environment condition provide to make full use of the solar energy system building that solar energy is indoor heating, cooling, ventilation, dehumidifying and hot-water supply.
The present invention is for reaching aforementioned purpose, and the 1st, the present invention is by solar heat collection portion and will send into indoor structure in the warm air of this solar heat collection portion thermal-arrest and form.Solar heat collection portion near below the roofing slab, formation and roofing slab have the position of the air flue of same slope.Warm air is being sent in the indoor structure, be provided with the anti-air-stop gate of the built-in adverse current that prevents adverse current, switch the path that leads to indoor following circulation road and the outwards connection of the exhaust passage of exhaust and switch valve, be contained in the anti-air-stop gate of adverse current and path and switch thermal-arrest between the valve with the treatment box of fan; Also the thermal-arrest passage is located to be provided with in houselet inside etc. in the roof, and this thermal-arrest is connected with treatment box with passage; In addition, treatment box also is connected with the exhaust passage with aforementioned circulation road down.
The 2nd, the present invention is by solar heat collection portion and will send into indoor structure in the warm air of this solar heat collection portion thermal-arrest and form.Solar heat collection portion near below the roofing slab, formation and roofing slab have the position of the air flue of same slope.Warm air is being sent in the indoor structure, the houselet inner space of undersurface of roof is communicated with solar heat collection portion as confined space; And be provided with the anti-air-stop gate of the built-in adverse current that prevents adverse current, the path that switches the connection of circulation road and outwardly open exhaust passage down switches valve, be contained in the anti-air-stop gate of adverse current and path switches thermal-arrest between the valve with the treatment box of fan, this treatment box is arranged on the houselet inner space, treatment box is towards houselet inner space opening, and treatment box is connected with the exhaust passage with aforementioned circulation road down.
The 3rd, the present invention is by solar heat collection portion and will send into indoor structure in the warm air of this solar heat collection portion thermal-arrest and form.Solar heat collection portion near below the roofing slab, formation and roofing slab have the position of the air flue of same slope.As warm air being sent into indoor structure, be provided with the anti-air-stop gate of the built-in adverse current that prevents adverse current, switch the path that leads to indoor following circulation road and the outwards connection of the exhaust passage of exhaust and switch valve, be contained in the anti-air-stop gate of adverse current and path and switch thermal-arrest between the valve with the treatment box of fan; Allow aforementioned solar heat collection portion and the thermal-arrest channel connection that is arranged on the outdoor roof; Thermal-arrest is connected with treatment box with passage, and treatment box is connected with the exhaust passage with aforementioned circulation road down.
The 4th, in summer, allow daytime path switching valve be communicated with and carry out exhaust with the exhaust passage; Allow at night path switch valve and dirty channel connection, outside air is introduced the indoor radiation cooling at night of carrying out.The 5th, with passage or solar heat collection portion temperature pick up is set at thermal-arrest.Open or close thermal-arrest with the CD-ROM drive motor of fan and carry out passage switching according to the detected temperatures of this temperature pick up.
The 6th, treatment box is used for solar energy system of the present invention building, is made of to the path switching valve that indoor or outdoors switches with the fan case of fan with the air of thermal-arrest built-in thermal-arrest.In addition, also can be by the anti-air-stop gate of the adverse current that prevents adverse current, built-in thermal-arrest with the fan case of fan, the air of thermal-arrest is constituted to the path switching valve that indoor or outdoors switches.
The 7th, hot water is set in treatment box or passage path gathers coil, this hot water is gathered coil and is connected with hot water tank or warm water heating boiler by the circulation pipe arrangement.
The 8th, the lower surface of following circulation road is circulation of air space opening under the floor, and the circulation of air space is set under this floor to indoor jet puff prot.The circulation of air space is the space between accumulation of heat ground concrete (holding Hot Tu Inter コ Application Network リ one ト) and the floor under the floor.Also can allow down the lower end of circulation road directly to indoor opening.Perhaps allow down the not only circulation of air space opening but also under the floor of lower end of circulation road directly to indoor opening.
In the present invention, the present invention at first has the feature at the roof thermal-arrest.The energy characteristics of solar energy can be described as " rareness, scope are extensively, generally ".Owing to be not as the heat that obtains from oil, to be concentrated high temperature, so centralized power generation on a large scale.That is, the utilization of solar energy is the utilization on building roof one by one, and this is unusual reality, the feature that also meets energy and had.Solar energy system building of the present invention is exactly to utilize to be subjected to the maximum roof of solar light irradiation to collect solar energy, uses it for interior of building.
Some area is very strict to the restriction of depth of building, even but indoorly can not get sunshine, most of roofs also can shine sufficient sunlight.Promptly on taking shelter from rain the basis of function, original the becalming in roof increased the function of draw heat again newly.
Next step is the problem with the air transfer of heat.To indoor transfer heat the time, what great majority adopted is that water carries out the method that heat transmits.In solar energy system building of the present invention, replace water to carry out heat with air and transmit.Its reason is that the water thermal-arrest has inconvenience.As: must guarantee a water do not reveal, since solar energy make water often the boiling vapour pressure that therefore means of delivery must the ability boiling, produce the expansion contraction of freezing phenomenon and producing pipe.Corresponding, even air has leakage also can not make troubles to the people slightly, therefore do not mind.And, because air is a gas, therefore there is not the problem of boiling.So, use air to make the people more relieved.
In addition, the path of heat-collecting box is the crossbeam passage that is arranged in the roof, owing to utilized originally with regard to obsolete big beam space, so the setting of path does not take the place is set.
In the present invention, on the basis of aforementioned effect, added the use of airtight houselet inner space, can not use crossbeam passage or air suction way like this, but directly carried air, the construction of path is simplified to treatment box from thermal-arrest portion.
In the present invention, owing to the path as heat-collecting box is the path that is arranged on the outdoor roof, therefore the engineering of path is installed externally carries out in the stage of building the roof, even the enough big building of insufficient space of the inner crossbeam in roof also can be provided with path.
In the present invention, on the basis of aforementioned effect, add.Particularly at night, by being arranged on the solar heat collection portion on roof, the extraneous gas introducing that will be radiated cooling will be indoor, can build a comfortable environment.
In the present invention, can periodically carry out the exhaust running and the running of the thermal-arrest in winter in summer, can carry out suitable automatic control according to the detected temperatures that is arranged on the temperature pick up in the crossbeam passage.
In the present invention, the control part of air-supply is structurally designed with the etui that is called treatment box and is in the same place,, then can save the trouble of site operation if treatment box is made in advance on factory and other places.
In the present invention, on the basis of the effect of aforementioned the present invention record, the side of occupation of land and efficient are not provided with hot water well and gather coil.In addition, it can be used as auxiliary heating.
In the present invention, the lower surface of following circulation road is to underfloor circulation of air space opening, and the circulation of air space is set under this floor to indoor jet puff prot.With at present to be called as " warm wind heating system " as the air-conditioning and the fan heater of main flow heating system corresponding, the present invention a kind ofly allows warm air pass through under the floor, with lower temperature make large-area floor warm and, utilize radiant heat that indoor air temperature is not excessively risen and " the low-temp radiating heating system " of warming oneself.
" warm wind heating system " is that a room is carried out the batch (-type) heating, causes indoor temperature difference up and down like this." low-temp radiating heating system " then do not have this bigger up and down temperature difference and makes us uncomfortable jet.And because upwards conduction is hot from the floor, so the underfooting is very warm, can realize the indoor environment of the comfortable of " a cold pin heat " (the cold Lower Half of the human body first half is warm).
In the present invention, the circulation of air space is the space between accumulation of heat abode house concrete and the floor under the floor, in the underfloor accumulation of heat.At the roof thermal-arrest, with the air be the heat drawn of medium if so putting, will cool off after then the sun sets.Even on the daytime in cold winter, by direct acquisition, also can obtain seeing through the sunshine of window, if can preserve the required heat at set roof again, room temperature has just raise.
That is, solar energy is more by day, if thermal-arrest after directly to indoor heat release, can make room temperature too high on the contrary.For fear of this phenomenon, in the present invention, the heat that collected daytime is put aside in the ground concrete (native Inter コ Application Network リ one ト) of underfloor, thermal-arrest position and accumulation of heat position are separated.Concrete heat capacity (amount of accumulation of heat) and thermal conductivity (easily conducting heat) are bigger.This character that concrete has is fit to one day circulation of accumulation of heat on daytime, heat release at night.When outside temperature was low at night, daytime, savings began to discharge at the heat of underfloor, used for heating of house.
In the present invention, the lower end of following circulation road is directly to indoor opening.By carry out thermal-arrest on the roof, with the air medium with the heat of picked-up directly to indoor heat release, also can carry out intermitting heating at short notice to a specific room.
In the present invention, the lower end of following circulation road also directly to indoor opening, can comprehensively be brought into play the effect of the present invention's record both to the circulation of air space of underfloor opening.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 represents the longitudinal section elevation of the whole overview of the 1st embodiment of solar energy system building of the present invention.
Fig. 2 represents the longitudinal section elevation of a kind of treatment box that solar energy system building of the present invention is used.
Fig. 3 represents the distribution key diagram of an embodiment of the temperature-controlled process that solar energy system of the present invention is built.
Another routine longitudinal section lateral view of Fig. 4 presentation graphs 1 and crossbeam passage shown in Figure 3.
Longitudinal section lateral view when Fig. 5 represents the crossbeam passage of Fig. 1 as roofway.
Fig. 6 represents the solar heat that the roof is collected is carried out another routine longitudinal section lateral view of the part of accumulation of heat, heat release.
Fig. 7 represents another routine longitudinal section lateral view of circulation road lower end down.
Fig. 8 represents another routine longitudinal section lateral view of circulation road lower end down.
Fig. 9 represents the whole overview longitudinal section elevation of the 2nd embodiment with airtight houselet inner space of solar energy system building of the present invention.
Figure 10 represents the whole overview longitudinal section elevation of the 3rd embodiment with airtight houselet inner space of another routine solar energy system building of the present invention.
Figure 11 represents the part longitudinal section elevation of the 1st example that solar energy system building air of the present invention flows.
Figure 12 represents the part longitudinal section elevation of the 2nd example that solar energy system building air of the present invention flows.
Figure 13 represents the part longitudinal section elevation of the 3rd example that solar energy system building air of the present invention flows.
Figure 14 represents the lateral view of a kind of treatment box that solar energy system building of the present invention is used.
Figure 15 represents the lateral view of the another kind of treatment box that solar energy system building of the present invention is used.
Figure 16 represents the valve of solar energy system building of the present invention and the 1st routine key diagram of hot water collection relation.
Figure 17 represents the valve of solar energy system building of the present invention and the 2nd routine key diagram of hot water collection relation.
Figure 18 represents the valve of solar energy system building of the present invention and the 3rd routine key diagram of hot water collection relation.
Figure 19 represents the valve of solar energy system building of the present invention and the 4th routine key diagram of hot water collection relation.
Figure 20 represents the longitudinal section lateral view of existing solar building.
The specific embodiment
Use figure that the embodiment of the invention is elaborated below.
Solar energy system building of the present invention shown in Figure 1 has the roof of inclination.The roof is as the thermal-arrest part of solar heat, near metal material such as colored iron plate or watt and the heatable roofing slab 1 made of other materials below, form air flue 2 with inclination of roof.The downside of air flue 2 shields with thermal insulation slab.In addition, an end of this air flue 2 locates to have air intake 3 at eaves etc.The other end of air flue 2 is positioned at higher position, roof, as air outflow port 31.This flow export is connected with passage 32, is communicated with crossbeam passage 4 as the thermal-arrest passage.
Crossbeam passage 4 is made by thermal insulation material, can be with its design indoor, as be arranged on houselet inside 29 as the inner space, roof.The shape of crossbeam passage 4 can also be semicircle or a triangle shown in Figure 4 except that circle shown in Figure 1.
In addition, other embodiments such as Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 12 are set at outdoorly as the crossbeam passage of aforementioned thermal-arrest passage, and it can be made of passage 36 above the roof that forms on the roof.Crossbeam passage 4 or above the roof passage 36 are the parts of carrying out thermal-arrest, can freely select independent structures or with other structures that is connected as a single entity.
As the accumulation of heat and the heat release part of the solar heat that arrives at the aforementioned set roof that has the solar heat collection part like that, can utilize abode house concrete 11 shown in Figure 1 as the underfloor heat storage.For this reason, between abode house concrete 11 and floor 12, circulation of air space 13 is set, and is provided with from this circulation of air space 13 to indoor jet floor ejiction opening 14.
Be arranged in the houselet inside 29 as the inner space, roof as the treatment box 5 of the accumulation of heat of thermal-arrest part that connects solar heat and solar heat, the heat release air-supply controlled partly.In addition, this treatment box 5 also can be arranged on the place beyond the houselet, as indoor etc.
The structure of treatment box 5 is: the centre is the fan case of built-in thermal-arrest with fan 7; At the downside of wind, be provided with the valve box that built-in air with thermal-arrest carries out the path switching valve 8 of indoor and outdoor switching; At the upside of wind, be provided with the built-in valve box that prevents the anti-air-stop gate 6 of adverse current of adverse current.
The path of treatment box 5 switches an end of the outflow side of valve 8, by exhaust passage 9 to outdoor opening.
Shown in Fig. 1,5,11, the opening 5a of the inflow side of the anti-air-stop gate 6 of the adverse current of treatment box 5 is by passage 32 and aforementioned crossbeam channel connection, and the other end that path switches the outflow side of valve 8 is connected with the upper end of dirty path 10.
The lower surface of dirty path 10 is to as the abode house concrete 11 of underfloor heat storage and circulation of air space 13 openings between the floor 12.
Inside at treatment box 5, as being set, hot water gathers coil 15 in the fan case of built-in thermal-arrest with fan 7, this hot water is gathered coil 15 and is connected with circulation pump 19 with hot water tank 17 by circulation pipe arrangement 16, supplementary heating water heater 18 is being set from the way of these storage tank 17 outputs, and the heat supply water pipe arrangement 21 that is connected with bathroom, rest room, kitchen connects.
In addition, hot water gather coil 15 also can be arranged on treatment box 5 and crossbeam passage 4 between.
Shown in Figure 11 and 12, the metal roof panel 1 that is heated by sunshine will flow into the outside air heating of air flue 2, and heated air rises along inclination of roof.
After adding hot air and being concentrated in crossbeam passage 4, enter treatment box 5, flow in the dirty path 10, enter the circulation of air space 13 between accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 and the floor 12 from treatment box 5 by fan 7.
In circulation of air space 13, add hot air and heat: directly ground is heated, allowed accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 put aside heats, directly spray to warm wind indoor from floor ejiction opening 14 by floor 12 by three approach.
On the other hand, as shown in Figure 1, gather the thermophore heating that coil will utilize circulation pump 19 to send into from hot water tank 17 by circulation pipe arrangement 16 with hot water, as hot water storage in hot water tank 17.Heat again with supplementary heating boiler 18 as required, from heat supply water pipe arrangement 21 to hot-water supply everywhere.
In addition, other embodiments such as Fig. 9, shown in Figure 10 be whole with the confined space of thermal insulation material encirclement as the houselet of inner space, roof inner 29, and this confined space is communicated with air flue 2 as aforementioned solar heat collection portion.
Because inner 29 integral body of houselet all are confined space, therefore can save passage 32 and crossbeam passage 4.At this moment, in houselet inside 29, treatment box 5 can be by the form setting of directly introducing air from the space of houselet inside 29.
At this moment, the heating air accumulation enters treatment box 5 by fan 7 behind the houselet inside 29 as confined space, flow to dirty path 10 from treatment box 5, enters the circulation of air space 13 between accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 and the floor 12.
The form of treatment box 5, as shown in figure 14, as shown in Figure 1 with the opening 5a of inflow side by under passage 32 and the situation that aforementioned crossbeam passage 4 is communicated with, at inner 29 inner openings of houselet, only be provided with the opening 5a that directly absorbs air from the space of houselet inside 29, also have as shown in figure 15, except that opening 5a, also be provided with from indoor intake 5b.
The intake 5b of treatment box 5 is communicated with heat storage 42 by passage etc.
The treatment box 5 that has opening 5a and intake 5b simultaneously flows into for guaranteeing to have only a side, be provided with path switch valve 8 '.
Like this, except that opening 5a, also be provided with under the situation of indoor intake 5b the flowing as shown in figure 13 of air at treatment box 5.
When path switch valve 8 ' with opening 5a side open, during with intake 5b side closure, the outside air heating that the metal roof panel 1 that is heated by sunshine will enter air flue 2, heated air rises along inclination of roof.
The heating air accumulation enters treatment box 5 by fan 7 behind crossbeam passage 4 or the not shown houselet inside 29 as confined space, flow to dirty path 10 from treatment box 5, enters the circulation of air space 13 between accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 and the floor 12.
In circulation of air space 13, add hot air and heat: directly ground is heated, allowed accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 put aside heats, directly spray to warm wind indoor from floor ejiction opening 14 by floor 12 by three approach.
On the other hand, gather the thermophore heating that coil will utilize circulation pump 19 to send into from hot water tank 17 by circulation pipe arrangement 16 with hot water, as hot water storage in hot water tank 17.Heat again with supplementary heating boiler 18 as required, from heat supply water pipe arrangement 21 to hot-water supply everywhere.
Switched path switching valve 8 ', with opening 5a side closure, will open from indoor air-breathing intake 5b side, then will allow indoor air return by dirty path 10 and flow to indoor cycling from treatment box 5.By circulation pump thermophore is sent into hot water from hot water tank 17 and gather coil 15.If hot water is gathered coil 15 heating system utilization as a supplement, though the roof do not get the sun also can be to the warm air of indoor conveying.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 10, utilize the solar energy system building that adds hot air of sunshine being carried out thermal-arrest, when summer, the contour warm season did not need heating system, need and will all be discharged into outdoor at the hot air that adds of roofing slab 1 heating.
At this moment, switch the dirty path 10 side closure of valve 8, exhaust passage 9 sides of the outflow side other end are opened, make the hot air that adds that treatment box 5 flows out be discharged from outdoor by exhaust passage 9 with outflow side one end with path.In addition,, can carry out the heating that hot water is gathered coil 15, therefore when high temperature such as summer, also can utilize solar heat to guarantee hot feed by adding hot air from treatment box 5 processes.
In addition, in fans in operation 7 at the night in summer, the cold air at night is introduced near the following air flue 2 of metal system roofing slab 1, the radiation cooling of roof surface is worked, this air is sent into the circulation of air space between the heat storage and floor 12 under the floor by dirty path 10, can make abode house concrete 11 cold-storages as heat storage under the floor.
In addition, switched path switch valve 8 ', make opening 5a side closure, the intake 5b side that sucks room air opened, indoor air can be discharged to by exhaust passage 9 from treatment box 5 outdoor, like this can summer etc. with indoor sultry air discharge.
In addition, aforementioned warm and cold and hot accumulation of heat also can be selected other form for use except that adopting abode house concrete 11.As shown in Figure 6, as the circulation of air space 13 between floor 12 heat storage 42 is set.
As shown in Figure 3, the heat-collecting temperature in perception crossbeam passage 4 and the air duct 2 is provided with the 1st temperature pick up 25a, and the pyrostat as heat-collecting temperature in the perception treatment box 5 is provided with the 2nd temperature pick up 25b.
As shown in Figure 3, at the indoor incubator 24 that is used for heating system and exhaust switching that is provided with.Be provided with corresponding the 3rd temperature pick up 25c at hot water tank 17 as low-temperature sensor with aforementioned the 2nd temperature pick up 25b as pyrostat.In addition, also be provided with as the 4th temperature pick up 25d of the perception room temperature of absorbing the extraneous gas use night in summer and the 5th temperature pick up 25e of perception outside air temperature.
These temperature pick ups 25a~25e is connected on the control device 20.In addition, the motor of the motor of the anti-air-stop gate 6 of the adverse current of treatment box 5 and fan 7 and circulation pump 19 etc. also are connected on this control device 20.
Also do not shine early morning of roofing slab 1 at sunshine, the air themperature in the crossbeam passage 4 is lower.At this moment, the anti-air-stop gate 6 of adverse current is closed in crossbeam passage 4 sides.In addition, path switches valve 89 side closures, fan 7 and connection of dirty path 10 in the exhaust passage.
When sunshine began to shine roofing slab 1, if the temperature in the crossbeam passage 4 is higher than design temperature, crossbeam passage 4 sides were opened in anti-air-stop gate 6 counter-rotatings of adverse current.Fan 7 actions then, the beginning thermal-arrest.
By fan 7, outdoor air is at first entered near roofing slab 1 formed air flue 2 from air intakes 3 such as eaves, use the roofing slab 1 that is shone heat by sunshine to heat here, gather crossbeam passage 4 after, enter treatment box 5.
The hot air that adds that enters treatment box 5 is stated treatment box 5 in the past and is flowed to dirty path 10, enter abode house concrete 11 that accumulation of heat uses and the circulation of air space 13 between the floor 12, heat by three approach, promptly by floor 12 directly with ground heating, allow accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 savings heats, from floor ejiction opening 14 warm wind is directly sprayed to indoorly, room temperature is raise gradually.
Aspect the hot water collection, press the special switch on the control device 20, make circulation pump 19 actions, hot water is gathered 15 of coils by circulation pipe arrangement 16 at hot water and is begun circulation.In thermophore cycle period lentamente in hot water is gathered coil 15, the temperature in the hot water tank 17 constantly raise.When the temperature difference during less than certain value, pump shuts down, and the hot water collection stops.
Hot water is gathered coil 15, also can be arranged in the channel path except that treatment box 5.The coiler part of gathering coil 15 with hot water is connected with hot water tank 17 or warm water heating boiler with circulation pipe arrangement 16, hot water supply function with replenish heating.
Like this, the air of thermal-arrest carries out interchange of heat by coil and thermophore, can obtain hot water in hot water tank 17.In addition, under the situation of warm water heating boiler, it is indoor etc. to utilize indoor and extraneous gas that the air of heating is transported to.
When aforementioned fan 7 drives, drive owing to be built in the cooling fan 28 of fan 7, make the motor cooling of fan 7.
When summer etc. did not need carry out thermal-arrest the daytime in the season of heating system, as shown in the figure, the anti-air-stop gate 6 of adverse current was opened crossbeam passage 4 sides.In addition, path switches valve 8 with fan 7 and dirty path 10 side closure, and fan 7 and exhaust side are communicated with.
Like this, if drive fan 7, enter in the treatment box 5 through the hot air that adds that air flue 2 is collected at crossbeam passage 4, hot water is gathered flowed to exhaust passage 9 after coil 15 heating and abandoned in outdoor from air intakes 3 such as eaves.
At the night in summer, the anti-air-stop gate 6 of adverse current is being opened crossbeam passage 4 sides on this point identically with aforementioned daytime, but aforementioned path switches valve 8 fan 7 and dirty path 10 side is communicated with, with fan 7 and exhaust passage 9 side closures.
In this state, allow fan 7 rotation of treatment box 5, cold air is at night entered near the air flue 2 that forms below the roofing slab 1 from air intakes 3 such as eaves, radiate cooling here.
Then, this cold air accumulates in crossbeam passage 4 or airtight houselet inner space, and then, enter treatment box 5, flow to dirty path 10 from this treatment box 5, enter the circulation of air space 13 between accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 and the floor 12, directly carry out cooling effect to indoor injection cold wind by the cold-storage of accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 with from ejiction opening 14.(radiation cooling running at night).
Solar energy system building of the present invention also by temperature control as described below, comprises and absorbs outside air night in summer and radiate cooling, the systematic building thing is carried out reasonably effectively utilizing.
Also do not shine early morning of roofing slab 1 at sunshine, the air themperature that temperature pick up 25a measures in the crossbeam passage 4 is lower.At this moment, the anti-air-stop gate 6 of adverse current is with crossbeam passage 4 side closures.In addition, path switches valve 8 with exhaust passage 9 side closures, allows fan 7 and dirty path 10 be communicated with.
When sunshine began to shine roofing slab 1, if the temperature in the crossbeam passage 4 surpasses the temperature of setting, crossbeam passage 4 sides were opened in the anti-air-stop gate counter-rotating of adverse current.Then, fan 7 action beginning thermal-arrests.
By fan 7, outdoor air at first enters near the air flue 2 that forms below the roofing slab 1 from air intakes 3 such as eaves, and here air is heated by the roofing slab 1 of sunshine heating, enters treatment box 5 after gathering crossbeam passage 4.
Adding hot air states treatment box 5 in the past and flows to dirty path 10, enter the circulation of air space 13 between accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 and the floor 12, heat by 3 approach, promptly by floor 12 directly heated in ground, with accumulation of heat with 11 accumulation of heats of abode house concrete, from ejiction opening 14 warm wind is directly sprayed to indoorly, indoor temperature is risen gradually.
Aspect the hot water collection, press the special switch on the long-distance operating device 27, circulation pump 19 actions circulate between hot water collection coil 15 by 16 beginnings of circulation pipe arrangement.The action of pump needs solar cell 22 to be subjected to sunshine, and makes between temperature pick up 25b in the treatment box 5 and the temperature pick up 25c in the hot water tank 17 the above temperature difference of uniform temperature is arranged.In the morning that beginning hot water is gathered, the temperature difference is bigger, and thermophore circulates repeatedly in hot water is gathered coil 15, and the temperature in the hot water tank 17 is risen continuously, and after the temperature difference arrived below the certain numerical value, pump quit work, and the hot water collection has just stopped.
In addition, when the room temperature of Fig. 1, indoor incubator 24 perception shown in Figure 3 has surpassed design temperature, path switches valve 8 opens exhaust passage side 9, will add hot air and be discharged to outdoor.
In addition, when design temperature was following, path switching valve 8 was opened dirty channel side 10 and is heated.
At night in summer, between the temperature pick up 25f of the temperature pick up 25e of perception outside air and perception room temperature, has the temperature difference more than the uniform temperature; In addition, the humidity sensor 26 of perception extraneous gas humidity is when setting humidity is following, and the anti-air-stop gate 6 of adverse current is opened crossbeam passage 4 sides, and aforementioned path switches valve 8 and is communicated with fan 7 and dirty path 10 side, with fan 7 and exhaust passage 9 side closures.
Under this state, allow fan 7 rotation of treatment box 5, the cold air at night enters the air flue 2 that forms below roofing slab 1 from the air intake 3 of eaves etc., forms the radiation cooling here.After crossbeam passage 4 is assembled, enter treatment box 5, flow to dirty path 10 from this treatment box 5, enter the circulation of air space 13 between accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 and the floor 12, by directly cooling off to indoor ejection cold wind with accumulation of heat abode house concrete 11 cold-storages with from floor ejiction opening 14.
As other embodiment, also can near the lower end of dirty path 10, be provided with directly as shown in Figure 7 to indoor ejiction opening 41.In addition,, also can shutter door be set at this ejiction opening 41 though omit in the drawings, but freely openable.
In addition, as other form, also can be as shown in Figure 8, not with dirty path 10 on the floor 12 lower aperture, and just near aforementioned lower end, be provided with directly to indoor jet spout 41.
In the example of Fig. 8, because not by the floor, but directly warm wind is sprayed into indoor, the most suitable at short notice with a specific greenhouse heating.
Above-described solar energy system building of the present invention, be constructed to is not only corresponding wind and other meteorological conditions, but the residence of corresponding external environment condition and building neatly, but optimization utilize solar energy to carry out indoor heating, cooling, ventilation, dehumidifying and hot-water supply.And, by utilizing solar cell, can reduce running cost, can carry out the suitable running of corresponding sunshine amount.

Claims (15)

1. a solar energy system is built, it is characterized in that, by solar heat collection portion with will send into indoor structure in the warm air of this solar heat collection portion thermal-arrest and form, solar heat collection portion near below the roofing slab, formation and roofing slab have the position of the air flue of same slope, warm air is being sent in the indoor structure, the houselet inner space of undersurface of roof is communicated with solar heat collection portion as confined space; And be provided with the anti-air-stop gate of the built-in adverse current that prevents adverse current, the path that switches the connection of circulation road and outwardly open exhaust passage down switches valve, be contained in the anti-air-stop gate of adverse current and path switches thermal-arrest between the valve with the treatment box of fan, this treatment box is arranged on the houselet inner space, treatment box is towards houselet inner space opening, and treatment box is connected with the exhaust passage with described circulation road down.
2. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, on the daytime in summer, path switching valve is communicated with the exhaust passage carries out exhaust; Make night path switch valve and dirty channel connection, outside air is introduced the indoor radiation cooling at night of carrying out.
3. solar energy system as claimed in claim 1 building is characterized in that portion is provided with temperature pick up at solar heat collection, opens or closes thermal-arrest with the CD-ROM drive motor of fan and carry out passage switching according to the detected temperatures of this temperature pick up.
4. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, hot water is set in treatment box or passage path gathers coil, and this hot water is gathered coil and is connected with hot water tank or warm water heating boiler by the circulation pipe arrangement.
5. as each described solar energy system building of claim 1~4, it is characterized in that the lower surface of following circulation road is circulation of air space opening under the floor, and the circulation of air space is set under this floor to indoor jet puff prot.
6. as the described solar energy system building of claim 1~4, it is characterized in that the circulation of air space is the space between accumulation of heat ground concrete and the floor under the floor.
7. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that the circulation of air space is the space between accumulation of heat ground concrete and the floor under the floor.
8. as each described solar energy system building of claim 1~4, it is characterized in that the lower end of following circulation road is directly to indoor opening.
9. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that the lower end of following circulation road is directly to indoor opening.
10. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that the lower end of following circulation road is directly to indoor opening.
11., it is characterized in that the lower end of following circulation road is circulation of air space opening under the floor, and directly to indoor opening as each described solar energy system building of claim 1~4.
12. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that the lower end of following circulation road is circulation of air space opening under the floor, and directly to indoor opening.
13. solar energy system building as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that the lower end of following circulation road is circulation of air space opening under the floor, and directly to indoor opening.
14. a treatment box is characterized in that, this treatment box is used in the described solar energy system of claim 1 building, have built-in thermal-arrest switches valve with the fan case of fan with the air of thermal-arrest to the path that indoor or outdoors switches.
15. treatment box, it is characterized in that this treatment box is used in the described solar energy system of claim 1 building, have the anti-air-stop gate of adverse current of the adverse current of preventing, built-in thermal-arrest is with the fan case of fan, switch valve with the air of thermal-arrest to the path that indoor or outdoors switches.
CNB021420742A 2002-08-26 2002-08-26 Building with solar ultilization system Expired - Fee Related CN1240917C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1240917C true CN1240917C (en) 2006-02-08

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101603357B (en) * 2006-06-20 2012-05-23 曹树梁 Ceramic solar roof
CN101487619B (en) * 2008-01-15 2010-09-29 徐佳义 Solar energy-driven passive reversing ventilating system
CN101787775B (en) * 2010-02-03 2011-06-29 曹树梁 Solar roof with concrete structure
CA2781743C (en) * 2012-06-27 2017-10-17 Huazi Lin Insulating glass style solar heat collector and building using solar energy for heating and cooling employing same
CN103759362B (en) * 2014-01-27 2016-04-06 哈尔滨商业大学 What photovoltaic heat utilization was wet regulate with building air heat is coupled and implementation method
CN104154619B (en) * 2014-08-30 2017-04-12 哈尔滨商业大学 Solar driven natural ventilation air conditioning system of building hollow structure and ventilation method
CN112228999B (en) * 2020-09-22 2022-04-29 盐城市华科电子有限公司 Production system of indicator lamp

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