CN102517929B - Dyeing method for all-cotton colored stereo large jacquard fabric - Google Patents

Dyeing method for all-cotton colored stereo large jacquard fabric Download PDF

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CN102517929B
CN102517929B CN 201110410623 CN201110410623A CN102517929B CN 102517929 B CN102517929 B CN 102517929B CN 201110410623 CN201110410623 CN 201110410623 CN 201110410623 A CN201110410623 A CN 201110410623A CN 102517929 B CN102517929 B CN 102517929B
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CN102517929A (en
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尹大国
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Zhejiang Yinhe Printing & Dyeing Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Yinhe Printing & Dyeing Co Ltd
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Abstract

Belonging to the field of printing and dyeing, the invention specifically relates to a dyeing method for an all-cotton colored stereo large jacquard fabric. The method comprises the steps that: first, the continuous open-width pretreatment of singeing, desizing, scouring, oxygen bleaching, mercerizing, washing, and drying are carried out, then an advanced THEN air flow atomization dyeing machine generated by the German THEN company is employed for alkali shrinkage of the pretreated gray fabric, and due to the effects of caustic soda and airflow, the fabric that undergoes alkali shrinkage shrinks regularly, so that a stereo sensation can form in planar patterns, then a vat dye is used for dyeing under normal temperature, and after dyeing, neutralization, washing, oxidation, soaping, and washing are conducted so as to make the gray fabric form a colored stereo jacquard style. After application of the above dyeing method to an all-cotton 60S*40S (yarn twist) planar jacquard fabric, consequently, the patterns of the gray fabric can have an obvious stereo sensation, and has colorful colors varying from obscure to deep. The special dyeing method and process of the invention generate unique and individualized effects, and produce the colored stereo jacquard fabric different from the conventional.

Description

The colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of all-cotton colored stereo
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of printing and dyeing, be specially the colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of a kind of all-cotton colored stereo.
Background technology
In the production technical field of the existing large FIGURED CLOTH of all-cotton colored stereo, at first must spend type by design color, then calculate the yarn ratio of using according to color flower type, according to different color requirements, carry out the dyeing of each color with the cheese dyeing technology, then the cheese required color of arranging in pairs or groups adopts senior three-dimensional jacquard weave loom to weave, and woven grey cloth reaches the finished product fabric through later arrangement again.Length consuming time, cost is expensive, and the market price is high, so the colouring method of producing Extraordinary all-cotton colored stereo FIGURED CLOTH with a kind of Rapid Relative cost low energy is significant.
Summary of the invention
For problems of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide the technical scheme of the colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of a kind of all-cotton colored stereo.
The colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of described all-cotton colored stereo, the blank cloth after weaving directly carries out dyeing and finishing process after checking, it is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
1) adopt that common process is singed, destarch, kiering, oxygen are floated, the pre-treatment of mercerising, washing, oven dry continous mode;
2) alkali contracting: the grey cloth through pre-treatment enters gas atomization dyeing machine, the grey cloth headtotail becomes rope form, the cylinder body water inlet, then slowly adding concentration in the cylinder by charging bucket is 30% soda bath, make that the concentration of soda bath is the 180-200 grams per liter in the cylinder body, and make that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder body, grey cloth transmission by blower fan and cloth-guiding wheel in cylinder body constantly contacts equably with the soda bath that nozzle sprays, temperature turned round 30 minutes in the time of 30-40 ℃;
3) dyeing: after alkali contracting technique is finished, be discharged in the retracting device alkali lye in the cylinder body for subsequent use, charging bucket adds an amount of water, the reducing dye that adds again water in advance furnishing pulpous state, the reducing dye consumption is 0.01-8%, the sodium hydrosulfite that adds again the 5-25 grams per liter, stir, and be warmed up to 60 ℃ of reduction 10-15 minute, simultaneously dyeing machine running, and make cylinder body intake to bath raio be 1:5, then the good dyestuff that will reduce slowly adds cylinder body from charging bucket, grey cloth in the dyeing machine constantly contacts equably with the dye liquor of nozzle ejection under the drive of wind-force and cloth-guiding wheel, and temperature dyeed 50 minutes in the time of 30-40 ℃;
4) neutralization, washing, oxidation, soap: after dyeing finishes, the cylinder body discharge opeing, again continuously water inlet, then 45 ℃ of lower continuous washings 15 minutes, are closed drain valve and are adjusted that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder, slowly add charging bucket and diluted good glacial acetic acid solution, the glacial acetic acid consumption is 2%, neutralization washing 10 minutes, draining; Again continuously water inlet, continuous washing 10 minutes is closed drain valve, and adjusting the interior bath raio of cylinder is 1:3; Diluted good hydrogen peroxide from the charging bucket adding, the hydrogen peroxide consumption is 1%, oxidation 10 minutes, draining; Again water inlet, continuous washing 10 minutes is closed drain valve, adjusts that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder, adds from charging bucket and has diluted good washing agent, and dosage of scour is 2%, then heats up to make cylinder temperature to 95 ℃, is incubated 10 minutes, is cooled to afterwards 70 ℃, draining; Again water inlet, 45 ℃ of lower continuous washings 15 minutes go out cylinder, and dyeing finishes;
5) dehydration, oven dry: dyeing is finished grey cloth and is gone out cylinder, with SWE301-1500 industry centrifugal dehydrator dewater to moisture content be 80%, dry to the aridity that requires with mesh-belt type drier.
The colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of described all-cotton colored stereo, the bake out temperature that it is characterized in that the mesh-belt type drier described in the step 5) is 120 ℃, its rotating speed is 15~20 m/mins.
The colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of described all-cotton colored stereo is characterized in that step 2) described in soda bath be sodium hydroxide solution.
The colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of described all-cotton colored stereo is characterized in that described gas atomization dyeing machine adopts the THEN gas atomization dyeing machine of German THEN company.
The related bath raio of whole dyeing course is the weight of grey cloth in the dyeing machine and the ratio of the interior various solution weights of dyeing machine.
The percentage that whole dyeing course is related is the percentage by weight to grey cloth.
Through the grey cloth that colouring method of the present invention is made, grey cloth flower type has formed obvious third dimension, color by dim to deepness, riotous with colour, special colouring method and technique, the effect of generation unique individualities has produced the color solid jacquard fabric different from routine.
The specific embodiment
Grey cloth of the present invention is weaved according to the general plane of flower type design needs jacquard weaving machine, and the cotton yarn of the relevant number of employing is directly weaved and formed.Blank cloth after weaving directly carries out dyeing and finishing process through perching, take 60S * 40S(yarn twist) the door width of cloth as the plane cotton figured cloth of 130CM as example, first through singing destarch, kiering, oxygen floats, mercerising, washing, oven dry open-Width Continuous pre-treatment process, grey cloth through pre-treatment, adopt advanced German THEN company's T HEN gas atomization dyeing machine alkali contracting, cloth cover after the alkali contracting is because the well-regulated contraction of effect of caustic soda and air-flow, plane flower type has formed third dimension, then with dyeing under the reducing dye normal temperature, after the dyeing again through neutralization, washing, oxidation, soap, washing allows grey cloth form the style of color solid jacquard weave.
Concrete technology may further comprise the steps:
1) adopt that common process is singed, destarch, kiering, oxygen are floated, the pre-treatment of mercerising, washing, oven dry continous mode;
2) alkali contracting: the grey cloth through pre-treatment enters gas atomization dyeing machine by some (deciding according to the cylinder body capacity), the grey cloth headtotail becomes rope form, the cylinder body water inlet, then slowly adding concentration in the cylinder by charging bucket is 30% soda bath (sodium hydroxide solution), making the concentration of soda bath in the cylinder body is the 180-200 grams per liter, and making the interior bath raio of cylinder body is 1:3, grey cloth transmission by blower fan and cloth-guiding wheel in cylinder body constantly contacts equably with the soda bath of nozzle ejection, temperature turned round 30 minutes in the time of 30-40 ℃;
3) dyeing: after alkali contracting technique is finished, be discharged in the retracting device alkali lye in the cylinder body for subsequent use, charging bucket adds an amount of water, the reducing dye that adds again water in advance furnishing pulpous state, the reducing dye consumption is 0.01-8%, the sodium hydrosulfite that adds again the 5-25 grams per liter, stir, and be warmed up to 60 ℃ of reduction 10-15 minute, simultaneously dyeing machine running, and make cylinder body intake to bath raio be 1:5, then the good dyestuff that will reduce slowly adds cylinder body from charging bucket, grey cloth in the dyeing machine constantly contacts equably with the dye liquor of nozzle ejection under the drive of wind-force and cloth-guiding wheel, and temperature dyeed 50 minutes in the time of 30-40 ℃;
4) neutralization, washing, oxidation, soap: after dyeing finishes, the cylinder body discharge opeing, again continuously water inlet, then 45 ℃ of lower continuous washings 15 minutes, are closed drain valve and are adjusted that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder, slowly add charging bucket and diluted good glacial acetic acid solution, the glacial acetic acid consumption is 2%, neutralization washing 10 minutes, draining; Again continuously water inlet, continuous washing 10 minutes is closed drain valve, and adjusting the interior bath raio of cylinder is 1:3; Diluted good hydrogen peroxide from the charging bucket adding, the hydrogen peroxide consumption is 1%, oxidation 10 minutes, draining; Again water inlet, continuous washing 10 minutes is closed drain valve, adjusts that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder, adds from charging bucket and has diluted good washing agent, and dosage of scour is 2%, then heats up to make cylinder temperature to 95 ℃, is incubated 10 minutes, is cooled to afterwards 70 ℃, draining; Again water inlet, 45 ℃ of lower continuous washings 15 minutes go out cylinder, and dyeing finishes;
5) dehydration, oven dry: dyeing is finished grey cloth and is gone out cylinder, with SWE301-1500 industry centrifugal dehydrator dewater to moisture content be 80%, dry to the aridity that requires with mesh-belt type drier, bake out temperature is 120 ℃, its rotating speed is 15~20 m/mins.
The related bath raio of the whole dyeing course of the present invention is the weight of grey cloth in the dyeing machine and the ratio of the interior various solution weights of dyeing machine.
The percentage that the whole dyeing course of the present invention is related is the percentage by weight to grey cloth.
Caustic soda among the present invention, reducing dye, sodium hydrosulfite, glacial acetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, washing agent all can be buied in market.
For example: the weight of grey cloth is 500 kilograms, and when alkali contracting bath raio was 1:3 so, the weight of alkali lye should be 3 * 500=1500 kilogram in the dyeing machine, and when dye bath ratio was 1:5, the weight of dyeing liquor should be 5 * 500=2500 kilogram in the dyeing machine;
As the reducing dye consumption is 3% when dyeing, and the addition of reducing dye is 500 * 3%=15 kilogram so, uses 2% washing agent when soaping, and the consumption of washing agent is 500 * 2%=10 kilogram so.
As follows according to SN/T0910-2010 " the import and export printing and dyeing inspection procedure of People's Republic of China's inspection and quarantining for import/export industry standard " test result behind the piece dyeing finishing:
Figure 190971DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
The equal exceed industry standards of every quality index such as COLOR FASTNESS and grey cloth intensity.
Cotton 60S * 40S(yarn twist) the plane FIGURED CLOTH is through above-mentioned colouring method, its result, grey cloth flower type has formed obvious third dimension, color by dim to dull, riotous with colour, special colouring method and technique, the effect of generation unique individualities has produced the color solid jacquard fabric different from routine.

Claims (3)

1. the colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of all-cotton colored stereo directly carries out dyeing and finishing process after the blank cloth process check after weaving, and it is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
1) adopt that common process is singed, destarch, kiering, oxygen are floated, the pre-treatment of mercerising, washing, oven dry continous mode;
2) alkali contracting: the grey cloth through pre-treatment enters gas atomization dyeing machine, the grey cloth headtotail becomes rope form, the cylinder body water inlet, then slowly adding concentration in the cylinder by charging bucket is 30% soda bath, make that the concentration of soda bath is the 180-200 grams per liter in the cylinder body, and make that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder body, grey cloth transmission by blower fan and cloth-guiding wheel in cylinder body constantly contacts equably with the soda bath that nozzle sprays, temperature turned round 30 minutes in the time of 30-40 ℃;
3) dyeing: after alkali contracting technique is finished, be discharged in the retracting device alkali lye in the cylinder body for subsequent use, charging bucket adds an amount of water, the reducing dye that adds again water in advance furnishing pulpous state, the reducing dye consumption is the 0.01-8% of the weight of grey cloth, the sodium hydrosulfite that adds again the 5-25 grams per liter, stir, and be warmed up to 60 ℃ of reduction 10-15 minute, simultaneously dyeing machine running, and make cylinder body intake to bath raio be 1:5, then the good dyestuff that will reduce slowly adds cylinder body from charging bucket, grey cloth in the dyeing machine constantly contacts equably with the dye liquor of nozzle ejection under the drive of wind-force and cloth-guiding wheel, and temperature dyeed 50 minutes in the time of 30-40 ℃;
4) neutralization, washing, oxidation, soap: after dyeing finishes, the cylinder body discharge opeing, again continuously water inlet, then 45 ℃ of lower continuous washings 15 minutes, are closed drain valve and are adjusted that bath raio is 1:3 in the cylinder, slowly add charging bucket and diluted good glacial acetic acid solution, the glacial acetic acid consumption be grey cloth weight 2%, neutralization washing 10 minutes, draining; Again continuously water inlet, continuous washing 10 minutes is closed drain valve, and adjusting the interior bath raio of cylinder is 1:3; Add from charging bucket and to have diluted good hydrogen peroxide, the hydrogen peroxide consumption be grey cloth weight 1%, oxidation 10 minutes, draining; Again water inlet, continuous washing 10 minutes is closed drain valve, and adjusting the interior bath raio of cylinder is 1:3, add from charging bucket and to have diluted good washing agent, dosage of scour be grey cloth weight 2%, then heating up makes cylinder temperature to 95 ℃, be incubated 10 minutes, be cooled to afterwards 70 ℃, draining; Again water inlet, 45 ℃ of lower continuous washings 15 minutes go out cylinder, and dyeing finishes;
5) dehydration, oven dry: dyeing is finished grey cloth and is gone out cylinder, with SWE301-1500 industry centrifugal dehydrator dewater to moisture content be 80%, dry to the aridity that requires with mesh-belt type drier.
2. the colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of all-cotton colored stereo according to claim 1, the bake out temperature that it is characterized in that the mesh-belt type drier described in the step 5) is 120 ℃, its rotating speed is 15~20 m/mins.
3. the colouring method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of all-cotton colored stereo according to claim 1 is characterized in that described gas atomization dyeing machine adopts the THEN gas atomization dyeing machine of German THEN company.
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CN102965985A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-03-13 江苏富邦纺织有限公司 Vat dye dyeing technology of full-cotton fabric
CN103835149A (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-06-04 新天龙集团有限公司 Handcrafted figured cloth dyeing method with deep-light effect
CN105463730A (en) * 2016-01-09 2016-04-06 海宁牛仔织造有限公司 Indigo blue jean, dyeing machine special for indigo blue jean and dyeing method
CN106702779B (en) * 2016-12-30 2019-02-22 珠海建轩服装有限公司 Vital staining fabric and its colouring method
CN111118719B (en) * 2020-01-17 2021-08-10 盐城福汇纺织有限公司 Production process of pure cotton and cotton blended knitted fabric with bright and clean appearance
CN111519425A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-11 浙江健安达纺织科技有限公司 Alkali shrinking process of all-cotton single jersey
CN112030573B (en) * 2020-09-08 2022-12-13 浙江劲光纺织科技有限公司 Efficient environment-friendly mercerizing-like dyeing and finishing process for cotton cloth
CN113047064B (en) * 2021-04-13 2023-01-24 山东魏桥特宽幅印染有限公司 Preparation method of Vaseline dyeing and whitening one-bath printing and dyeing
CN113265887A (en) * 2021-05-24 2021-08-17 苏州工业园区阳澄丝绸印染有限公司 Less-water printing and dyeing process

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