CN102503677B - Topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer - Google Patents

Topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer Download PDF

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CN102503677B
CN102503677B CN201110327402.9A CN201110327402A CN102503677B CN 102503677 B CN102503677 B CN 102503677B CN 201110327402 A CN201110327402 A CN 201110327402A CN 102503677 B CN102503677 B CN 102503677B
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fertilizer
topdressing
kilograms
temperature
fermentation
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CN102503677A (en
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邓秀汕
唐芳玉
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Guangxi Liyuanbao Technology Co Ltd
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Guangxi Liyuanbao Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer, comprising an inorganic fertilizer, an organic fertilizer and a bonder. The effective ingredients of the inorganic fertilizer contains following nutrients in mass percents of: 15-25 percent of N, 5-11 percent of P2O5, 12-8 percent of K2O, 0.05-0.095 percent of B, 0.05-0.15 percent of Zn and 0.05-0.14 percent of Cu. The organic fertilizer is prepared from ammonium sulfate type compound amino acid, humates or peat soil, and organic materials. According to the topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer disclosed by the invention, not only can the nutrient requirements of the eucalyptus growth be met, but also the resources are reasonably used. The manioc slag, the filtered mud and the chicken manure are turned into wealth from waste. The topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer belongs to an environmentally friendless fertilizer. More importantly, the growth rate and the eucalyptus stock volume are effectively improved.

Description

A kind of topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer
Technical field
The invention belongs to fertilizer field, be specifically related to a kind of topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer.
Background technology
Eucalyptus plantation is promoted extensively, energetically, becomes at present with the fastest developing speed, the artificial forest of fast growing again in the world, and this is that fast-growing, high yield, better resistance, impoverishment tolerant, form are good, economic benefit advantages of higher because eucalyptus has.Yet the embodiment of its advantage must provide suff water, nutrient, adds under meticulous management condition, and nutrient is provided, is the most important thing especially of using of fertilizer.In subtropical and tropical zones, the mean yield of eucalyptus is 20m 3/ hm 2.a, if the mean yield of some commercial eucalyptus plantations of Brazil, South Africa, the Congo and Australia is all at 30~50m 3/ hm 2.a.The eucalyptus plantation mean yield of China is by the 8m of 20th century 70, the eighties 3/ hm 2.a bring up to 20m of today 3/ hm 2.a, the good artificial forest of operation control can reach 25m 3/ hm 2.a.However, in extensive eucalyptus plantation and production process, still exist nutrient supply unbalanced, fertilizer variety and fertilizing time are not optimized and the problem such as cycle of rotational cutting is unreasonable, and larger with the gap of World Forestry developed country, just because of this, ecological fertilizer is to improve the ecological environment, it is object that plant nutrition is provided, by interpolation, there is bioactive organic material, take that to survey soil formula be foundation, carry out organic, inorganic phase combination, big-and-middle Equilibrium of Trace Elements configuration, have quick-acting, long-acting, drought resisting, delay early ageing function, to reach increasing both production and income plant nutrition and ecotope harmonious multifunctional ecological formula fertilizer mutually.Only adopt vigorous measures, improve single rate, just can give full play to China in the great potential of eucalyptus plantation.And be quite big by the potentiality that the rational application of fertilizer increases eucalyptus output.
China Patent No.: ZL200610125356.3, denomination of invention is: in the patent of fertilizer dedicated to eucalyptus, disclose a kind of fertilizer dedicated to eucalyptus, contained the effective constituent of following mass percent: N 5%~18%, P in this special fertilizer 2o 57%~15%, K 2o 5%~12%, Cu 0.05%~0.3%, Zn 0.05%~0.4%, B 0.05%~0.2%, although this special fertilizer mainly be take inorganic nutrients as main, the ratio content of fertilizer is very little, although improved to a certain extent the stimulation ratio of eucalyptus, but its First Year mean stand height is only 6m, estimate that average annual accumulation is at 30m 3/ hm 2, being difficult to meet the demand of present industrial society to Eucalyptus Stand, economic benefit is difficult to meet the demand of modern economy.Therefore develop a kind of new environment-friendly type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer, better to adapt to the demand of current eucalyptus plantation volume increase, utilize natural organic manure resource to realize environmental protection to eucalyptus fertilising also very important simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer, it has considered the demand of current eucalyptus plantation volume increase, utilize inorganic fertilizer collocation fertilizer, both met the demand of Eucalyptus to nutrient, reasonably utilized resource simultaneously, manioc waste, filter mud and chicken manure are turned waste into wealth, belong to environment-friendly type fertilizer; The more important thing is and effectively improved stimulation ratio and eucalyptus accumulation.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer, it comprises inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer and binding agent.In the effective constituent of described inorganic fertilizer, the quality percentage of nutrient is N 15%~25%, P 2o 55%~11%, K 2o 12%~18%, B 0.05%~0.095%, Zn0.05%~0.15%, Cu 0.05%~0.14%.
Described fertilizer is prepared from by sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex, humate or peat soil, organic materials; Humate is sodium humate.
Described binding agent was the kaolin of 80~100 mesh sieves.
The weight percent that each component of described fertilizer accounts for topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer is: sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex 1~5%, humate or peat soil 1~8%, organic materials 2~10%.
The weight percent that described binding agent accounts for topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer is 0~5%.
The weight percent that each component of described fertilizer and binding agent account for topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer is: sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex 1~3%, humate or peat soil 5~8%, organic materials 2~10%, binding agent 3~4%.
In described inorganic fertilizer effective constituent, nutrient optimum ratio is N: P 2o 5: K 2o: B: Zn: Cu=15~16: 5~10: 12~13: 0.05~0.095: 0.05~0.15: 0.05~0.14.
The preparation method of described organic materials:
(1) mixed material feeding of raw material, by manioc waste, filter mud and chicken manure in 2~3: 1~2: 1 ratio is mixed, and then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, piles high being controlled between 70~100cm; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 1~2 time, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(2) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 1~2 time; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 15~25 days.Fermentation is the microorganism fermentation of utilization itself, does not need to add biological bacteria.
In the contained effective constituent of topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer of the present invention, N is that urea (containing more than N46%), ammonium chloride (containing more than N25%) provide P 2o 5for fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5more than 18%) N, P are provided 2o 5also be that monoammonium phosphate is (containing more than N10%, containing P 2o 5more than 42%) K is provided 2o is that Repone K is (containing K 2o is more than 60%) provide.Trace element Cu, Zn, B provide for Salzburg vitriol, Zinc vitriol, borax.Trace element fertilizer is with regular manufacturer production, and purity is more than 95%.
The present invention's sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex, humic acid, humate, peat soil, kaolin used is all directly to buy and obtain, without preparing especially voluntarily.
Topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer of the present invention, can be applied to hillside, paddy field, forest land plantation, comprises in vegetables, banana, mulberry tree, sugarcane, corn, paddy rice, oil tea, eucalyptus plantation.
Topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer of the present invention is to adopt oven drying method granulation to produce, by the solid material of inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer and binding agent through preparing burden, pulverize, mix, stir, granulation, particle sub-sieve, metering packing, obtain after the assay was approved finished product of the present invention.
Application process of the present invention: First Year after eucalyptus seedling planting 40~60 days, in the both sides of tree, from 20 centimeters of places of tree, digging pit long is 30cm~50cm, the wide ditch that is deeply 15cm~20cm, after 0.35~1.0kg/ strain evenly applies in ditch per year by topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer, with soil, mixes thoroughly and earthing; Topdressing of second, third year carried out in annual 3~May, in the centre of two strains trees, open the long 30cm in symmetrical cave, wide be deeply respectively 20cm, will topdress evenly applies ditch and with soil, mixes also earthing thoroughly after interior.Every strain rate of fertilizer application 0.5~0.6kg.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention is:
1, reasonably inorganic fertilizer is combined with fertilizer, current manioc waste, filter mud and chicken manure are rationally utilized and turned waste into wealth, both met Eucalyptus nutrient demand, improved again stimulation ratio.
2, use the standing forest hectare accumulation of the eucalyptus of product of the present invention to be significantly improved.
3, play the effect of improvement soil, improved the ability of soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping, for reducing fertilizer loss, play a key effect, soil protection ecotope, reduces the eutrophication pollution to water body in forest zone.
4, effectively increase economic efficiency and ecological benefits.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 33 (16-5-12) topdresses 1000 kilograms.(16-5-12 refers to respectively N, P 2o 5, K 2the nutrient content of O, as follows)
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, the ratio by manioc waste and chicken manure in 2: 1 is mixed, and then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 70cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 1 time, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 1 time; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 15 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 175 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 275 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 40 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), 100 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates are (containing N, containing P 2o 5respectively by 11%, 44%), 200 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 9 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 2.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 2 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 10 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 50 kilograms of peat soils, 100 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 36.5 kilograms of mistake 80 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
(3) preparation method of topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer: above-mentioned solid material is mixed through autofeed supply system feed, stir, the granulation of drum granulating method, sub-sieve, automatic measuring packing is up to the standards and obtains this product.
(4) fertilizing method: First Year after eucalyptus seedling planting 40~60 days, tree both sides from 20 centimeters of places of tree, dig pit be about 30cm~50cm, wide be respectively the ditch of 15cm~20cm deeply, after 0.35~1.0kg/ strain evenly applies in ditch per year by Eco-fertilizer, with soil, mix also earthing thoroughly; Topdressing of second, third year carried out in annual 3~May, in the centre of two strains trees, open in principle the long 30cm in symmetrical cave, wide be deeply respectively 20cm, will topdress evenly applies ditch and with soil, mixes also earthing thoroughly after interior.Every strain rate of fertilizer application 0.5~0.6kg.
Embodiment 2: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 38 (15-10-13) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 3: 2: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 80cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 2 times, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 2 times; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 25 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 185 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 170 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 60 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%, 205 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates are (containing N, containing P 2o 5respectively by 11%, 44%), 220 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 7 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 4.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 4 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 15 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 60 kilograms of peat soils, 40 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 29.5 kilograms of mistake 100 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 35 (15-8-12) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 3: 1: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 90cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 2 times, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 2 times; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 20 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 180 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 205 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 80 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), 150 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates are (containing N, containing P 2o 5respectively by 11%, 44%), 200 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 4.5 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 6.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 5.5 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 30 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 80 kilograms of peat soils, 20 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 38.5 kilograms of mistake 90 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 41 (15-11-15) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 2: 2: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 75cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 1 time, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 1 time; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 18 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 200 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 135 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 50 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), 230 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates (containing N by 11%, containing P 2o 5by 44%), 250 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 6.5 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 3.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 2.5 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 20 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 40 kilograms of peat soils, 60 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 2.5 kilograms of mistake 80 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 38 (15-5-18) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 3: 2: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 85cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 2 times, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 2 times; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 23 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 190 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 215 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 50 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), 95 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates (containing N by 11%, containing P 2o 5by 44%), 300 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 9 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 2.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 2 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 15 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 20 kilograms of peat soils, 70 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 31.5 kilograms of mistake 100 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 39 (18-6-15) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 2: 1: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 95cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 1 time, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 1 time; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 23 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 250 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 210 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 45 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), monoammonium phosphate 120 kg (is pressed 11%, is contained P containing N 2o 5by 44%), 250 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 8.5 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 4.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (pressing 23% containing Zn), 3.5 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 50 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 10 kilograms of sodium humates, 30 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 18.5 kilograms of mistake 90 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 7: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 38 (20-5-13) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 3: 2: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 80a of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 1 time, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 2 times; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 16 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 280 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 250 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 35 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), 100 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates (containing N by 11%, containing P 2o 5by 44%), 220 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 7 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 3.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 3 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 20 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 40 kilograms of peat soils, 30 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 11.5 kilograms of mistake 80 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 8: the eucalypt ecology of preparation nitrogen phosphorus potassium total nutrient 42 (25-5-12) topdresses 1000 kilograms.
(1) organic materials preparation:
(a) mixed material feeding of raw material, is mixed manioc waste and filter mud, chicken manure in the ratio of 2: 1: 1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, on average piles the high 70cm of being controlled at; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 2 times, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(b) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50~55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 1 time; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 20 days.
(2) proportioning raw materials: 450 kilograms, urea (containing N by 46.0%), 135 kilograms of ammonium chlorides (containing N by 25.0%), 35 kilograms, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is (containing P 2o 5by 18.0%), 100 kilograms of monoammonium phosphates (containing N by 11%, containing P 2o 5by 44%), 200 kilograms, Repone K is (containing K 2o is by 60.0%), 7 kilograms of boraxs (containing B by 11%), 3.5 kilograms of Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrates (containing Zn by 23%), 3 kilograms of cupric sulfate pentahydrates (containing Cu by 25%), 20 kilograms of sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complexs, 20 kilograms of sodium humates, 20 kilograms of organic materialss, the kaolin of 6.5 kilograms of mistake 100 mesh sieves of stopping composition.
Its preparation method and fertilizing method are identical with embodiment 1.
Adopt above-mentioned fertilizing method to try out the Eucalyptus Stand in forest farm, state-owned peak, Guangxi, Bobai forest farm, the state-owned honest and clean forest farm of admiring, Guangxi, forest farm, the Laoshan, City: A Case Study in Baise product of the present invention, more than First Year mean stand height reaches 7m, estimate that average annual accumulation is at 40m 3/ hm 2above, compare with a kind of fertilizer dedicated to eucalyptus fertilizer efficiency of like product, using product ratio of the present invention, to use like product fertilizer dedicated to eucalyptus effect remarkable.
1, new plantation:
(1), in the height of tree, use eucalypt ecology fertilizer standing forest of the present invention apparently higher than using peak special fertilizer, i.e. 16.1m > 14.5m;
(2) in the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, be also slightly larger than and use peak special fertilizer, be i.e. 11.6cm > 11.1cm;
(3) the standing forest hectare of using eucalyptus ecological fertilizer of the present invention is accumulated obviously larger, and 102.46 cubic metres of > 86.3 cubic metres.
2, two generation budding forest:
(1), in the height of tree, use eucalypt ecology fertilizer standing forest of the present invention a little more than using two rich special fertilizers, i.e. 5.9m > 5.8m; In the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, be greater than and use two rich special fertilizers, be i.e. 5.1cm > 4.5cm;
(2) the standing forest hectare of using eucalyptus ecological fertilizer of the present invention is accumulated obviously larger, and 13.2 cubic metres of > 10.2 cubic metres;
(3) the Stands of Eucalyptus individual volume volume increase of using eucalyptus ecological fertilizer of the present invention is more than 17.5%; Output volume increase is more than 18.7%;
(4) utilization rate of fertilizer improves more than 13.6%.
Specific as follows:
A year Dong Sheng branch, forest farm, state-owned peak, Guangxi in September, in July, 2008-2010 is applied to the new plantation fertilizer efficiency of eucalyptus contrast table:
Illustrate: the fertilizer dedicated to eucalyptus formula through license that peak provides for forest-science academy, Guangxi, forest farm, peak produces, uses by oneself by formula.
Year state-owned honest and clean forest farm of admiring, Guangxi in September, in April, 2010-2010 is applied to eucalyptus two generations rudiment fertilizer efficiency contrast table:
Illustrate: two rich be the commercially available common special fertilizer of eucalyptus (the two rich fertilizer plants in Guigang, Guangxi are produced and sold)

Claims (5)

1. a topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer, it comprises inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer and binding agent, it is characterized in that: in the effective constituent of described inorganic fertilizer, the quality percentage of nutrient is N 15%~25%, P 2o 55%~11%, K 2o 12 %~18%, B 0.05%~0.095%, Zn 0.05%~0.15%, Cu 0.05%~0.14%;
Described fertilizer is prepared from by sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex, humate or peat soil, organic materials;
The weight percent that each component of described fertilizer accounts for topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer is: sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex 1~5%, humate or peat soil 1~8%, organic materials 2~10%;
The preparation method of described organic materials:
(1) raw material mixed material feeding, is mixed manioc waste, filter mud and chicken manure in the ratio of 2 ~ 3:1 ~ 2:1, then the material being mixed is installed in fermenter, piles high being controlled between 70 ~ 100 ㎝; Restart fermentation turner and turn in advance, turn back and forth 1 ~ 2 time, make material surfacing in groove, be mixed evenly, internal defect is ventilative;
(2) material fermentation turns, and raw material turns according to leavening temperature after completing and feeding intake and turn in advance, the mid-early stage in fermentation, when temperature is controlled between 50 ~ 55 ℃, when temperature is increased to 60 ℃, turns 1 ~ 2 time; The fermentation middle and later periods, temperature is controlled in 65 ℃, often reaches to control temperature and just turn once, until material internal temperature while dropping to normal temperature, completes fermentation, makes organic materials, whole fermenting process 15~25 days.
2. topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described binding agent is 80 ~ 100 object kaolin.
3. topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the weight percent that described binding agent accounts for topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer is 0 ~ 5%.
4. topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the weight percent that each component of described fertilizer and binding agent account for topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer is: sulphur ammonia type aminoacids complex 1~3%, humate or peat soil 5~8%, organic materials 2~10%, binding agent 3 ~ 4%.
5. topdressing type eucalyptus ecological fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described inorganic fertilizer effective constituent, nutrient proportioning is N: P 2o 5: K 2o: B: Zn: Cu=15 ~ 16: 5 ~ 10: 12 ~ 13: 0.05 ~ 0.095: 0.05 ~ 0.15: 0.05 ~ 0.14.
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CN103224430A (en) * 2013-05-17 2013-07-31 李志辉 Special ecological fertilizer formula for eucalyptus and preparation method thereof
CN103508810B (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-06-17 广西宁明百事康生物工程有限公司 Nanocarbon-containing fertilizer special for eucalyptus and preparation method
CN103771969B (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-08-17 广东达一农林生态科技股份有限公司 Eucalyptus fosters topdresses and fertilizing method
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CN104892047A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-09 广西大学 Method for preparing organic fertilizer from cassava residues and chicken manure
CN108314498A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-07-24 广东华扬环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of special compound top dressing of eucalyptus and fertilizing method
CN109553499A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-02 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Top dressing type fertilizer dedicated to eucalyptus and preparation method
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