CN102477813A - Environmental protection and agriculture combination device with ecological circulation - Google Patents

Environmental protection and agriculture combination device with ecological circulation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102477813A
CN102477813A CN201010556396XA CN201010556396A CN102477813A CN 102477813 A CN102477813 A CN 102477813A CN 201010556396X A CN201010556396X A CN 201010556396XA CN 201010556396 A CN201010556396 A CN 201010556396A CN 102477813 A CN102477813 A CN 102477813A
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factory
automation
agriculture
waste
combined unit
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周诗忠
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周诗忠
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/04Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing gas, e.g. biogas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/12Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses for producing fuels or solvents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M47/00Means for after-treatment of the produced biomass or of the fermentation or metabolic products, e.g. storage of biomass
    • C12M47/18Gas cleaning, e.g. scrubbers; Separation of different gases
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses an environmental protection and agriculture combination device with ecological circulation, which selects various efficient agriculture livestock and fishery factories (plant factories, farms, fish farms, etc.) according to circumstances or is optimally integrated with advanced engineering technology of house refuse comprehensive utilization (containing anaerobic digestion to produce marsh gas for power generation) factories and the like, so as to intensively carry out anaerobic digestion to produce marsh gas on agriculture livestock and fishery factories wastes or corrodible organic wastes sorted from the house refuses, and be assisted by green energy resource to form an efficient energy system with cogeneration of heat power and cool; all CO2 in the device and CO2 exhausted by an automation animal farm are intensively processed to be used by the plant factories and greenhouses; biogas slurry and biogas residues are process into organic compound fertilizer for promoting organic agriculture production; intensification land is realized on a floor type agricultural factory building, and green organic products can be produced high-efficiently; an advanced level of whole recycling 'three wasters' is achieved; and sustainable development taking energy, environment and efficiency into consideration is realized, and the excellent economic benefit and environmental benefit are achieved.

Description

The environmental protection of ecological circulation and agriculture combined unit
(1), technical field
The present invention relates to the environmental protection and the agriculture combined unit of the free of contamination ecological circulation of a kind of high efficiency; Be combined into the main body configuration with automation plant factor and anaerobic ferment devices; Select engineering equipments such as various agricultural greenhouses, automation animal-breeding factory, ecologic breeding field and the factory of breeding fish (field), Sewage Disposal, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory as required for use with suiting measures to local conditions; Modernized farming, animal husbandry and fishery engineering and environment-friendly engineering technical optimization are blended in one; Focusing on can rotten organic compound production biogas; Set up the high efficient energy sources supply system of thermoelectric cold cogeneration, " three wastes " whole cycling and reutilizations are reached zero-emission, realize the ecological, environmental protective agricultural systems engineering technology of the pollution-free sustainable development that the energy, environment, efficient, benefit are taken into account.
(2), background technology
Existing in the world industrialized agriculture engineering has very big development and high levels; But its function all is unicity type of production facility efficiently basically; Advanced production device such as agriculture intelligent greenhouse, sun glasshouse, plastic cover greenhouse, automation plant factor, automation animal-breeding factory and the farming, animal husbandry and fishery such as factory of breeding fish; Have very high production efficiency, but have the lot of consumption energy and the open defect of discharging a large amount of waste pollution environment.
Current Chinese agriculture has developed into from traditional open-air plantation and has built large-scale industrialized agriculture.Production and construction for standard China industrialized agriculture; By the chief engineer of the industrialized agriculture research institute girth Ji Boshi chief editor of national Planning Design Inst., Ministry of Agricultry and " the modern greenhouse engineering " of Chemical Industry Press's publication; Embodied a concentrated reflection of existing various industrialized agriculture engineering; From the angle of engineering the modern greenhouse technology has been carried out system introduction; Preside over simultaneously and formulated " greenhouse construction standard ", " batch production poultry yard construction standard ", " factory pig farm construction standard ", " livestock and poultry farm place design specifications " etc., promote the agricultural facility construction effectively, promote farming and animal husbandry production and develop to automation direction.
The plantation industry: illumination in the domestic intelligent greenhouse of having promoted, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, nutrient solution supply, ventilation, heat supply, cooling cascade dispatch control system have got into computer and have regulated the control stage automatically; But the intelligent greenhouse of most of areas has arrived the summer of high temperature and has but stopped production basically; Need to consume the spending of mass energy to avoid lowering the temperature, need winter the labor energy to heat up again.State-of-the-art in the world plant factor is the automation agricultural planting system by computer integrated monitoring; This is a kind of totally enclosed cultivation system; Ambient controlled property is strong; The gas concentration lwevel of planting environment is greatly enhanced, makes the plant photosynthesis efficient of growing be increased to several times, the formation of biomass and the accumulation of nutriment are conventional several times; Press different plants and different growth phases by computer in the plant factor, realize required temperature, humidity, illumination, nutrient, the CO of auto-control plant growing 2Concentration or the like tangent condition, the production environment of its high cleaning are produced the top complete organic farm products of pollution-free nutrition again in the world without chemical fertilizer and pesticide; It makes agricultural production realize producing continuously in annual 365 days, has been completely free of the restriction of natural conditions; It adapts to the various high-grade vegetables of plantation, flowers, and medicinal materials etc. have fairly obvious economic benefit.
Aquaculture industry: the automation poultry yard has disposed various feed systems, and (hen disc type feed system is planted chicken chain type feed system, cock disc type feed system; Fryer disc type feed system); Nipple drinking device, material tower and line dragon feed system, ventilation system; Temperature regulating and controlling system, weighing system etc. the equipment of raising chickens; The automation pig farm has disposed the pig floor, the pig charging basket, and computer-controlled pig house is done, the wet feed feed system, the equipment of raising pigs such as material tower and auger feed system; Also has exhaust fan, transversal ventilation and longitudinal ventilation system, temperature regulating and controlling system, automation computerized control system and automatic alarm system; Automation cowboying factory ... or the like.
Support the aquatic products industry: the state-of-the-art in the world automation factory of breeding fish utilizes computer realization to concentrate the content of monitoring water oxygen and ammonia automatically, mechanical feed, clean facilities; The deposit feed, the control water temperature purifies water system; Maintenance filtration system or the like; Its water uses through decontamination cycle repeatedly, and the protection water body cleans and improves the living environment of fish, has improved density and the benefit breeded fish in the pond very effectively.Domestic breeding fish produced the main modes such as fishpond, fish pond, net cage, purse seine, cofferdam that rely on, and the breed fish technology of factory of automation has just been begun to explore.
Though the productivity effect of these automation farming, animal husbandry and fishery factories is very high, they exist common defective---consume a large amount of energy waste pollution environment a large amount of with discharging.Because the boundary of sciemtifec and technical sphere, the industrialized agriculture technology is subordinated to two different fields with the environment-friendly engineering technology, so people do not give enough attention from the beginning to the defective of efficient industrialized agriculture.Certainly, the good news is in the engineering practice in offal treatment field, to have begun to march, and constantly obtain some technological achievements, but this target from the ecological circulation system engineering that advances farming, animal husbandry and fishery realization lower cost all sidedly on a large scale is also far to this respect.
In addition, existing in the world city house refuse treatment method mainly is a landfill, a small amount of compost and burning.Main component is an organic waste in the domestic waste, and these rubbish all derive from the at home animals and plants discarded object in kitchen, and the overwhelming majority is not all carried out recycling treatment and utilized, thereby environment is polluted.The landfill method drawback the more, hidden danger is maximum, seriously polluted, take the major defects such as land resources of a large amount of preciousnesses again.The national emphasis books of publishing by famous professor Nie Yongfeng of Tsing-Hua University chief editor, by Chemical Industry Press " three wastes treatment project technical manual is the solid waste volume one by one "; Embodied a concentrated reflection of existing in the world various garbage treatment technology; Development in recent years is successful more representationally to combine " three-in-one " technology with compost, burning, three kinds of methods of landfill, and still not thoroughly realization of this technology " innoxious, minimizing, resource ".Existing these methods cut both ways, and all can produce lower to environment secondary pollution, technology content in various degree, industrial benefit is lower.
Generally speaking; How effectively administer the discarded object and the pollution of the domestic waste that grows with each passing day of a large amount of modernized farming, animal husbandry and fishery factory to environment; Science is carried out the resource cycling and reutilization with these discarded objects again effectively; Set up the ecomodel of high benefit that resource, environment, efficient, benefit with the renewable energy resource and green energy resource supply take into account, pollution-free, sustainable development, this is the key subjects that contemporary engineering interface is faced.
(3), summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of environmental protection of new and effective ecological circulation and the system engineering technology of agriculture combined unit; Be combined into main body to build automation plant factor and anaerobic ferment devices; Select engineerings such as various agricultural greenhouses, ecologic breeding field, the factory of breeding fish (field), Sewage Disposal, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory as required for use; Modernized farming, animal husbandry and fishery engineering and environment-friendly engineering technical optimization are blended in one; Concentrate and to produce biogas by rotten fermentation of organic wastes, use purified marsh gas to be the energy, realize thermoelectric cold (generating, heating, refrigeration) coproduction; High-temperature flue gas with the discharge of marsh gas power generation device; Through the heat-exchange system heat medium water of waste heat boiler, the hot water that reaches uniform temperature is through heat absorption type lithium bromide cooling-water machine group refrigeration, and the air-conditioner through fan coil freezes or heat supply to users such as plant factors then; The low temperature exhaust heat of marsh gas power generation device discharging tail gas can supply uses such as rubbish fermentation, life, thereby greatly improves the efficiency of energy utilization of whole combined unit; To isolate the CO in the biogas again 2, marsh gas power generation device discharging CO 2CO with the discharging of automation animal-breeding factory 2, all focus on uses such as back supply plant factor or agricultural greenhouse; The natural pond liquid and the natural pond slag that discharge behind the anaerobic fermentation are processed into fertilizer or compoiste fertilizer, are used to promote organic agriculture production; Simultaneously organic sewage is back in the production after processing such as biochemistry are up to standard; Realize that thus the energy, environment, efficient, benefit take into account, this will produce fairly obvious economic benefit, and fine environment benefit and long-range social benefit are arranged again.
Present technique really realizes the processing target of thoroughly " innoxious, resource, minimizing " of agriculture wastes and domestic waste; It is the land resources of saves valuable greatly; Produced tangible land efficiency again, and set up a new industry with obvious economic benefit and long-range environmental benefit.Present technique is guidance with the Eco-economy System principle really, realizes the utilization again of whole refuse circulating resources processing, sets up the ecological, environmental protective agricultural systems engineering of high benefit with the supply of the renewable energy resource and green energy resource, pollution-free, sustainable development.
Task of the present invention realizes by this principle technological process:
The environmental protection of ecological circulation of the present invention and agriculture combined unit system engineering technology (being called for short " health rattan engineering "); Be combined into main body to build automation plant factor and anaerobic ferment devices; Select engineering equipments such as various agricultural greenhouses, automation animal-breeding factory, ecologic breeding field, the factory of breeding fish (field), Sewage Disposal, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory as required for use; Modernized farming, animal husbandry and fishery engineering and environment-friendly engineering technical optimization are blended in one; Concentrate and to produce biogas by rotten fermentation of organic wastes; Realize thermoelectric cold cogeneration (generating, heating, refrigeration) with purified marsh gas, with the heat-exchange system heat medium water of marsh gas power generation unit high-temperature flue gas through waste heat boiler, the hot water that reaches uniform temperature is through heat absorption type lithium bromide cooling-water machine group refrigeration; Air-conditioner through fan coil freezes or heat supply to users such as plant factors then; The low temperature exhaust heat of marsh gas power generation device can supply the rubbish fermentation uses such as heat, domestic hot-water of keeping company, realizes that scientifically classification utilizes the energy, thereby greatly improves the energy efficiency of whole combined unit; With the CO that separates in the biogas 2, fuel gas generation device discharging CO 2With culture after carbon dioxide that the factory animal discharges focuses on, all supply plant factor or agricultural greenhouse and promote plant growing; Natural pond liquid and natural pond slag behind the anaerobic fermentation are processed into fertilizer or compoiste fertilizer, are used to promote organic agriculture production; Simultaneously will life discharge water etc. organic sewage send into biochemical treatment and be back in the production after up to standard; The recyclings of will classifying such as the waste plastics that sorts out in the household garbage, old metal, scoot, waste paper, waste residues such as remaining stone, rubble, glass are used to produce the concrete products that meets environmental protection standard.
The present invention can thoroughly realize discarded object and the comprehensively recycling municipal solid wastes that farming, animal husbandry and fishery are a large amount of, and it had both administered the soil of pollution, protection environment and saves valuable effectively and the land efficiency of creation hundreds of times benefits the society; It had both produced valuable electric power, fertilizer, green building material, produced green organically farming and animal husbandry product again, obtained tangible economic benefit.When adopting technological process of the present invention, technology is simple, supporting flexibly, implement easily, stable, efficiently, completely realize changing waste into resources, pollution-free, high efficiency, gain quick return.
In the application of engineering construction, combined unit of the present invention can be with utilization again, three-waste free discharge, non-environmental-pollution after a large amount of discarded object circulating resourcesization such as farming and animal husbandry production and household garbage, make garbage treatment thoroughly realize the ideal process target of ecology, " innoxious, resource, minimizing ", benefitization.Thus, started a brand-new pattern of ecological, environmental protective agricultural systems engineering efficiently.Because combined unit of the present invention selects for use the advanced biogas in the world to be the heat-electricity-cold combined supply device of the energy, various farming, animal husbandry and fishery factory, to make complete set of technical device such as fertile factory and green building material production line; These equipments all have world-class supplier and veteran engineering contractor; Can make whole combined unit reach the high benefit of world's environmental protection and agricultural industry, and then can develop the new industry that becomes an ecological, environmental protective agricultural with obvious environmental benefit and economic benefit rapidly.
In sum, this device is concentrated the multiple technologies elite of having drawn the modern project technology, and has done unique innovation and development, and its main feature is:
A. the environmental protection of ecological circulation and agriculture combined unit are combined into main body to build automation plant factor and anaerobic ferment devices; Select engineering equipments such as various agricultural greenhouses, ecologic breeding field, the factory of breeding fish (field), Sewage Disposal, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory as required for use; The multinomial advanced engineering optimization of change farming, animal husbandry and fishery engineering that the world is advanced and environment-friendly engineering technology is blended in one; Can focus on production biogas and the production of fertilizer promotion organic agriculture by rotten discarded object; Can constitute the system engineering of ecological, environmental protective agricultural efficiently as required neatly, tool has a broad prospect of the use.
B. the biogas that utilizes organic waste to produce is the energy; Realize thermoelectric cold cogeneration (generating, heating, refrigeration); Promptly the heat with fuel gas generation unit high-temperature flue gas is the energy; High-temperature flue gas is through heat-exchange system heat medium water, and the hot water that reaches uniform temperature is through heat absorption type lithium bromide cooling-water machine group refrigeration, and the air-conditioner through fan coil freezes or heat supply to users such as plant factors then; The tail gas part of generating back low temperature is sent the sweat that promotes organic waste in the installation for fermenting back to, and another part using waste heat from tail gas can supply Building Materials Factory's curing concrete product or domestic hot-water to use; Because the scientifically classification utilization of energy of combined unit, thereby greatly improve the efficiency of energy utilization of whole combined unit, reduced the cost of production of combined unit;
C. whole " waste gas, waste water, waste residue " cycling and reutilization, three-waste free discharge, non-environmental-pollution during combined unit of the present invention has been realized producing have really been realized ecology, " innoxious, resource, minimizing " processing target: isolated CO in the biogas 2, fuel gas generation device discharging CO 2With the CO that cultures factory's animal discharge 2After focusing on, supply plant factor and plant greenhouse promote plant growing; Utilize purified marsh gas to be the energy, realize thermoelectric cold cogeneration; The natural pond liquid and the natural pond slag that discharge behind the anaerobic fermentation are processed into fertilizer, are used to promote organic agriculture production; Organic sewage such as will live again is back in the production after processing such as biochemistry are up to standard; The waste plastics that sorts out in the household garbage, old metal, scoot, waste paper etc. are with the classification loop recycling, and waste residues such as remaining stone, rubble, glass are used to produce the green building material that meets environmental protection standard behind the garbage sorting.
D. this combined unit adopts market P-AA advanced person ripe again various outfits and plant equipment, makes equipment such as fertile production line, building materials production line, magnetic separator, belt conveyor, various vehicles like computer, marsh gas power generation machine, rubbish; Can not only accelerate the engineering construction progress, and can select inexpensive advanced again a complete set of equipment reliably through competitive bidding in world markets, thereby guarantee the high-speed of combined unit engineering construction and reach world-class level.
E. adopt combined unit of the present invention can realize the ecology of modern farming, animal husbandry and fishery plant wastes and domestic rubbish disposal, " innoxious, resource, minimizing " and benefitization; Thoroughly realize pollution-free, take up an area of less, high efficiency, gain quick return; Not only save construction investment but also obviously reduce the engineering land used, greatly protected valuable land resources.Thus, set up the ecological, environmental protective agriculture project of high benefit with the supply of the renewable energy resource and green energy resource, pollution-free, sustainable development, this will start a new industry with obvious economic benefit and environmental benefit.
(4), description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the environmental protection and the agriculture combined unit principle process chart of a kind of concrete ecological circulation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the generalized section of a kind of concrete notch cuttype floor-type automation agricultural of the present invention factory.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation (the A portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 2) that window is opened in a kind of concrete interlock of the present invention.
(5), the specific embodiment
With reference to above accompanying drawing, to the note of numbering implication in the accompanying drawing with in conjunction with implementing being described in detail as follows of " environmental protection of ecological circulation and agriculture combined unit ":
Fig. 1:
Green (solar energy or wind energy etc.) energy (1), floor-type plant factor (2), automation animal-breeding factory (3), automation breed fish factory (4), marsh gas purifying storage device (5), fuel gas generation device (6), anaerobic ferment devices (7), waste heat boiler (8), absorption central air conditioning (9) can dispose various ecologic breedings field in addition as required, culture factory etc.
Fig. 2:
Integrated agriculture factory building by floor-type plant factor (2) and automation animal-breeding factory (3), with bottom be (10) such as operation room, office, comprehensive machine room and storehouses, adjustable-angle interlock top layer minute surface open window (seeing A portion enlarged drawing), be disposed at the underground automation factory (4) of breeding fish as required and form.
Fig. 3:
Fixing medi-empty glass window (11), the sunshade net (12) of electric rolling, special-purpose interlock top layer minute surface open mechanical device (16) that connecting rod (14), color steel sandwiched heat insulation board body of wall (15), interlock that window (13), interlock open window open window etc.
Explanation in conjunction with above accompanying drawing is following:
A kind of environmental protection of ecological circulation and agriculture combined unit (abbreviating " health rattan engineering " as); Be combined into main body to build floor-type plant factor (2) with anaerobic ferment devices (7); Comprise green (solar energy or the wind energy) energy (1), automation animal-breeding factory (3) (or ecologic breeding field), marsh gas purifying storage device (5), fuel gas generation device (6), waste heat boiler (8), absorption central air conditioning (9), can select various agricultural greenhouses, ecologic breeding field, automatic breeding factory and the factory of breeding fish (field), Sewage Disposal, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory etc. as required for use in addition with suiting measures to local conditions; This engineered plant factory is that a kind of three-dimensional of floor structure is produced setting, can reach the minimum intensification of engineering land used; Can concentrated together the delivering to of rotten organic waste produce biogas in the anaerobic ferment devices (7) with sorting out in discarded object that discharges in these farming, animal husbandry and fishery plant produced and the household garbage; With marsh gas purifying storage device (5) purified marsh gas; Constitute thermoelectric cold cogeneration (generating, heating, refrigeration) supply plant factor purposes such as (2) by fuel gas generation device (6), waste heat boiler (8) and absorption air-conditioner (9); And the low temperature exhaust gas of fuel gas generation device (6) discharging supplies anaerobic fermentation to mix uses such as heat or domestic hot-water; Thereby realize that scientifically classification utilizes the energy, can greatly improve the efficiency of energy utilization of whole combined unit; Produce compoiste fertilizer with natural pond liquid after the fermentation and natural pond slag and promote organic agriculture production; The CO that utilizes marsh gas purifying storage device (5) to separate 2, fuel gas generation device discharging CO 2CO with animal discharging in the various automation animal-breeding factory 2After focusing on, can supply plant factor and agricultural greenhouse and promote plant growing; The waste plastics that sorts out in the household garbage, old metal, scoot, waste paper etc. will be distinguished recycle; Waste residues such as the remaining stone of sorting, rubble, glass are used to produce the concrete products that meets environmental protection standard, constitute the environmental protection and the agriculture combined unit of ecological circulation efficiently thus.
Plan to build the model health rattan engineering of a demonstration like the somewhere, 5,400 ten thousand yuans of gross investments, wherein 1,000 square metre of plant factor handles 100 tons of household garbages (or 10 tons of ight soil/days) with day; If by the conservative approach prediction plant factor income (disregarding the foreign exchange transaction income of government) of 20 times of incomes of conventional agriculture, about 6, the 000 ten thousand yuan of RMB of year total income after this project is gone into operation to rubbish subsidy and carbon emission reduction; Year total expenditure 3; 4,270,000 yuan of RMB, 2,572 ten thousand yuan of RMB of annual net profit; Rate of return on investment surpasses 133%, 1.75 investment payback times; Must be higher if press 100 times of calculating of conventional agriculture by plant factor's income! Obviously, health rattan engineering of the present invention has the great potential of development and incomparable vitality.Marsh gas power generation wherein not only can the implement device energy self-sufficient; Unnecessary electric energy can be gone up electrical network and supply outward; And whole device has been realized " three wastes " zero-emission; This is very desirable (CDM) Clean Development Mechanism project, is again a renewable energy source item and a high-tech ecological, environmental protective agricultural project that receives many-sided policy protection of various places government and financial support.
In a word, use new technology of the present invention, realize the discarded object of farming, animal husbandry and fishery factory and the full ecological circulating resources processing of household garbage not only high-levelly, and will obtain extraordinary economic benefit, the environmental benefit of the best and long-range social benefit.

Claims (5)

1. the environmental protection of an ecological circulation and agriculture combined unit; The efficient combined unit of its select for use automation plant factor, automation animal-breeding factory, automation to breed fish as required ecological, environmental protective that multinomial advanced engineering optimizations such as factory, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory are blended in one and agricultural with suiting measures to local conditions; By (solar energy or wind energy, geothermal energy etc.) green energy resources (1), floor-type plant factor (2) and automation animal-breeding factory (3), automation breed fish factory (4), marsh gas purifying storage device (5), fuel gas generation device (6), anaerobic ferment devices (7), waste heat boiler (8) and absorption air-conditioner (9); Compositions such as the various ecologic breedings of flexible configuration field, sanitary sewage disposal station and domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory as required in addition is characterized in that:
(a). this combined unit is combined into main body with floor-type plant factor and anaerobic ferment devices; Suit measures to local conditions to select for use as required agricultural greenhouse, automation animal-breeding factory and automation breed fish factory, various ecologic breedings field, Sewage Disposal or domestic garbage comprehensive resource factory and anaerobic ferment devices and the combination of marsh gas power generation device, can be built into the environmental protection and the agriculture combined unit of an ecological circulation neatly.
(b). the animals and plants in various sources can be produced biogas by the concentrated anaerobic fermentation that carries out of rotten organic waste; With biogas is the high efficient energy sources supply system that fuel is built into thermoelectric cold (generating, heating, refrigeration) coproduction; Promptly the high-temperature flue gas with the discharging of marsh gas power generation device passes through heat-exchange system heat medium water, and the hot water that reaches uniform temperature freezes or heat supply to users such as plant factors through absorption air-conditioner; Low temperature exhaust gas part after the generating will be sent the sweat that anaerobic ferment devices promotes organic waste back to, and another part can supply Building Materials Factory's curing concrete product or life to use hot water; The high efficient energy sources supply system obviously improves the energy utilization rate of combined unit, has reduced the cost of production of device.
(c). " waste gas, waste water, waste residue " during combined unit of the present invention has been realized producing all utilizes, do not have " three wastes " discharging, non-environmental-pollution again; Realize completely " innoxious, resource, minimizing " processing target---can rotten organic waste with what sort out in the discarded object of various farming, animal husbandry and fishery factory discharging or the household garbage; All deliver to anaerobic ferment devices and produce biogas, utilize biogas to be built into thermoelectric cold cogeneration for fuel; With the CO that separates in the biogas 2, fuel gas generation device discharging CO 2With the CO that cultures factory's animal discharge 2After focusing on, supply automation greenhouse and plant factor to use; With being back to production after the sewerage treatment; Ferment remaining natural pond liquid and natural pond slag is processed into fertilizer and promotes organic agriculture production; The old metal that sorts out in the rubbish, waste plastics, scoot, waste paper etc. will be made recycling treatment respectively, and waste residues such as final remaining sandstone, rubble, glass are used to produce the concrete products that meets environmental protection standard.
(d). this combined unit will be selected in the world advanced person mature technique device and equipment again for use; Like various the complete sets of equipment and equipment such as plant factor, animal-breeding factory, anaerobic ferment devices, marsh gas power generation device, domestic garbage comprehensive resource factories, can be built into the environmental protection and the agriculture combined unit of the ecological circulation of world-class level rapidly.
2. by the described novel combined unit of claim 1, it is characterized in that integrated agriculture factory by (10) such as floor-type plant factor (2), automation animal-breeding factory (3), operation room, office, comprehensive machine room and storehouses, be disposed at the underground automation factory (4) of breeding fish as required and form.
3. by the described new device of claim 1, it is characterized in that utilizing and to produce the high efficient energy sources system of biogas by rotten debirs, form with absorption air-conditioner (9) by fuel gas generation device (6), waste heat boiler (8) for energy structure thermoelectric cold cogeneration.
4. by the described novel combined unit of claim 1, it is characterized in that a novel CO 2The circulating system is with isolated CO in the biogas by marsh gas purifying storage device (5) 2, fuel gas generation device (6) discharging CO 2Discharge the CO after the purified treatment with automatic breeding factory (3) lining animal 2, all supply plant factor (2) and formed by plant absorbing with agricultural greenhouse.
5. by the described novel combined unit of claim 1, it is characterized in that the outer fixing medi-empty glass window (11), centre of being provided with established the open window (13), connecting rod (14), color steel sandwiched heat insulation board body of wall (15), the mechanical mechanism (16) that opens window that links of the sunshade net (12) of electric rolling, interlock top layer minute surface that internal layer is provided with a kind of variable-angle and formed on the wall of floor-type plant factor (2) and automation animal-breeding factory (3).
CN201010556396XA 2010-11-23 2010-11-23 Environmental protection and agriculture combination device with ecological circulation Pending CN102477813A (en)

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CN102796658A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-11-28 涂维浩 System for using waste heat of fermentation broth and biogas slurry obtained by anaerobic fermentation biogas production and use method therefor
CN102924135A (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-02-13 中国水电顾问集团昆明勘测设计研究院 Cyclic utilization system for renewable energy and organic ecological resources in farming and livestock husbandry
CN103032993A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-10 雷学军 Comprehensive utilization equipment and method of biomass filling heat
CN103194377A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-10 涂维浩 Biogas engineering product and agricultural planting combined comprehensive utilization system
CN103667032A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 Energy circulation device of agroecological system
CN104956951A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-10-07 王克山 All-weather all-region cycling ecological agriculture system
CN105917915A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-07 仲恺农业工程学院 Low-carbon ecocycle agricultural system
CN106351736A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-01-25 南通市农业委员会 Method and system for generating electricity by excrement methane in livestock and poultry farm
CN106479866A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 河南农业大学 Solar energy greenhouse type multi-element material biogas, co-generation unit
CN106479864A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 河南农业大学 The exhaust heat stepped utilization system of rural area joint household biogas cogeneration of heat and power
CN106479870A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 河南农业大学 Polynary circulating straw marsh gas fermentation system
CN108716293A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-10-30 华中科技大学 It is a kind of that the intelligent lavatory glowed is mixed based on rural area human and animal excreta and biomass

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CN2585865Y (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-11-12 李声寿 Two-phase anaerobic dry fermenting treatment plant for house refuse
CN1994596A (en) * 2006-01-01 2007-07-11 周诗忠 Household garbage-ecocycling resource reutilization integrated device
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Cited By (17)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102796658A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-11-28 涂维浩 System for using waste heat of fermentation broth and biogas slurry obtained by anaerobic fermentation biogas production and use method therefor
CN102796658B (en) * 2012-08-23 2014-06-25 涂维浩 System for using waste heat of fermentation broth and biogas slurry obtained by anaerobic fermentation biogas production and use method therefor
CN102924135A (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-02-13 中国水电顾问集团昆明勘测设计研究院 Cyclic utilization system for renewable energy and organic ecological resources in farming and livestock husbandry
CN103032993A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-10 雷学军 Comprehensive utilization equipment and method of biomass filling heat
CN103032993B (en) * 2012-12-31 2015-06-03 雷学军 Comprehensive utilization equipment and method of biomass filling heat
CN103194377A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-10 涂维浩 Biogas engineering product and agricultural planting combined comprehensive utilization system
CN103194377B (en) * 2013-04-10 2014-09-10 涂维浩 Biogas engineering product and agricultural planting combined comprehensive utilization system
CN103667032A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司 Energy circulation device of agroecological system
CN104956951A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-10-07 王克山 All-weather all-region cycling ecological agriculture system
CN105917915A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-07 仲恺农业工程学院 Low-carbon ecocycle agricultural system
CN106351736A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-01-25 南通市农业委员会 Method and system for generating electricity by excrement methane in livestock and poultry farm
CN106479866A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 河南农业大学 Solar energy greenhouse type multi-element material biogas, co-generation unit
CN106479864A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 河南农业大学 The exhaust heat stepped utilization system of rural area joint household biogas cogeneration of heat and power
CN106479870A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 河南农业大学 Polynary circulating straw marsh gas fermentation system
CN106479870B (en) * 2016-11-10 2019-11-01 河南农业大学 Polynary circulating straw marsh gas fermentation system
CN106479864B (en) * 2016-11-10 2019-11-01 河南农业大学 Rural area joint household biogas cogeneration of heat and power is exhaust heat stepped to utilize system
CN108716293A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-10-30 华中科技大学 It is a kind of that the intelligent lavatory glowed is mixed based on rural area human and animal excreta and biomass

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