CN102337621B - Fabric with water absorption and air permeability and production method thereof - Google Patents

Fabric with water absorption and air permeability and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102337621B
CN102337621B CN201010238327.4A CN201010238327A CN102337621B CN 102337621 B CN102337621 B CN 102337621B CN 201010238327 A CN201010238327 A CN 201010238327A CN 102337621 B CN102337621 B CN 102337621B
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
yarn
absorbent ventilate
ordinary polyester
production
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201010238327.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102337621A (en
Inventor
蔡东照
石井正树
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Dongli wine (Nantong) Co., Ltd. Yi dyeing
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Toray Fibers and Textiles Research Laboratories China Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201010238327.4A priority Critical patent/CN102337621B/en
Publication of CN102337621A publication Critical patent/CN102337621A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102337621B publication Critical patent/CN102337621B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fabric with water absorption and air permeability and a production method thereof. The wrap and weft yarns of the fabric at least comprise one kind of dual-component yarn containing common Dacron and cation Dacron, and the dual-component yarn is processed into the finished production through alkali weight reducing finishing. The air permeability of the finished product, tested by JIS (Japanese Industrial Standards) L1907 test method, is above 80cc, joint shift is within 2.5mm under the tension of 9.8N, water absorption performance is good, water absorption diffusing time is within 3S, and the fabric has the function of cool feeling and quick dryness by moisture adsorption, and is an ideal autumn and summer leisure material.

Description

A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric and production method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of absorbent ventilate textiles.
Background technology:
In recent years, along with improving constantly of scientific and technical development and people's living standard, people are also more and more higher to the requirement of clothes.When color to garment material, feel, pursuit, to its comfortableness, functionally also proposed requirement.The particularly fabric in summer, more requires it to have water suction, rapid-curing cutback, the performance such as ventilative, refrigerant.At present, summer, fabric was main mainly with cotton textiles greatly, and moisture pick-up properties is no doubt good, but ixoderm skin very easily after moisture absorption make human body produce sense of discomfort, and rate of drying is slow.Because the filoplume of pure cotton fabric is many, the space between fabric tissue is reduced, so gas permeability is all poor.Reduce density, permeability improves, but suture slippage meeting while making becomes large, easily reveals needlework hole, can not pull, and has affected the motion of limbs.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide the combination of a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn, select suitable fabric cover and tissue, by the method for alkali deweighting, it is good that acquisition has absorbent ventilate performance, do not stick strong fabric and the production method thereof of refrigerant sense of skin.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric, the bi-component yarn that at least contains a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene in weft yarn of this fabric, and the Air permenbility of this fabric is more than 80cc, and under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 2.5mm, absorbs water diffusion time in 3 seconds.
The cross sectional shape of ordinary polyester of the present invention and CATION terylene bi-component yarn is that fabric of island-in-sea type or tangerine lobe cut fine type, and its fiber number is between 50~300 DENIER.
The density coverage coefficient of this fabric is 1200~2200, and grammes per square metre is 70~150g/m 2.
This fabric tissue can adopt the alternative construction of plain weave, twill or twill.
A production method for absorbent ventilate fabric, first, selects the bi-component yarn of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene to weave as warp thread and/or weft yarn, makes grey cloth; Then the grey cloth making is carried out to rear arrangement processing, make absorbent ventilate fabric; Wherein, the continuous alkali reducing condition in rear arrangement process is: concentration of caustic soda 5%~15%, the time of staying 4~10min, alkali reduction rate 5%~20%.
The dyeing temperature of fabric of the present invention in rear arrangement process is 100~135 DEG C, and dyeing time is 15~40min, and bath raio is 1: 15~30.
Of the present invention being described in detail as follows:
The bi-component yarn that at least contains a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene in weft yarn of absorbent ventilate fabric of the present invention, knit grey cloth make finished product through alkali deweighting, because the decrement speed of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is different, yam surface partial hydrolysis after alkali deweighting, yam surface forms groove, thereby increase the frictional force between weft yarn, the bi-component yarn of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene also can be carried out false twisting processing, thereby form one section of thick girth of a garment yarn of a section thin, increase the friction between yarn and yarn, can prevent the slippage of yarn, guarantee that under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 2.5mm, the density that can reduce again fabric simultaneously makes the Air permenbility of the finished product making more than 80cc.After yarn decrement, make to form between yarn groove, improve capillary effect, improved the circulation of air in clothes, accelerate the evaporation of sweat, reduced the contact angle of water and yarn, ensured that water suction diffusion time is in 3 seconds, measure wicking height is more than 100mm.
The cross sectional shape of ordinary polyester of the present invention and CATION terylene bi-component yarn selects fabric of island-in-sea type or tangerine lobe to cut fine type.Be as dress ornament in summer owing to considering, the fiber number of yarn is controlled between 50~300 DENIER, and fiber number is too thin, and cloth cover is too transparent, and fiber number is too thick, and cloth is too thick, there is no refrigerant sense, preferably between 75~150 DENIER.
In fabric of the present invention containing the weight of the yarn of terylene account for overall cloth heavy 50%~100%, terylene content is too low, easy ixoderm skin when perspiration, so adopt ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn and wash/cotton, the wash/blended yarns such as viscose glue to interweave, the existing straightening sense of fabric of acquisition has again natural sense so as far as possible.
Density coverage coefficient of the present invention is between 1200~2200, and density coverage coefficient is too low, and fabric is too thin too saturating, the easy slippage of yarn; Density coverage coefficient is too high, and after the thickness of fabric increases, gas permeability is bad, affect the Air Flow in clothes, slow down the evaporation of sweat, thereby the refrigerant sense of fabric is reduced, preferred density coverage coefficient is between 1400~2100, and the grammes per square metre of the fabric making is 70~150g/m 2, preferably grammes per square metre is 80~130g/m 2.
Wherein, Density coverage coefficient computing formula of the present invention is as follows:
Warp thread coverage coefficient=warp count (root/in) * warp thread fiber number (dtex) 1/2,
Weft yarn coverage coefficient=warp count (root/in) * weft yarn fiber number (dtex) 1/2
The tissue of this fabric can adopt the alternative construction of plain weave, twill or twill.The interlacing point of these tissues is many, and easy glide not between yarn, can suitably lower thread count, improves gas permeability, preferably plain weave or 2/1 twill.
A production method for absorbent ventilate fabric, first, selects the bi-component yarn of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene as warp thread and/or weft yarn, and warping, starching, preparation warp beam, make grey cloth; Then the grey cloth making is carried out to refining, pre-setting, decrement, dyeing, dry, RESIN FINISH, sizing process engineering obtains finished product.Wherein, warp thread can be twisted.
In rear arrangement process of the present invention, fabric is carried out to continuous alkali reducing, continuous alkali reducing condition is: concentration of caustic soda is 5%~15%, the time of staying: 4~10min, alkali reduction rate: 5%~20%; Reduction rate is too low, and yarn hydrolysis is little, and it is not obvious that surface forms groove, causes water suction bad, and between yarn, frictional force also reduces, yarn easy glide; Reduction rate is too high, and CATION terylene part decrement is too fast, easily causes decrement irregular, thus uneven color after causing dyeing, and preferably concentration of caustic soda is 5%~10%, the time of staying: 4~10min, alkali reduction rate: 5%~15%; When dyeing, dyeing temperature is that 100~135 DEG C, dyeing time are 15~40min, and bath raio is 1: 15~30.
The present invention, in the time of dyeing, can adopt CATION terylene dyestuff to dye separately, also can adopt CATION terylene dyestuff to coordinate and dye with other types dyestuff, makes the fabric obtaining present different colors; When sizing, adopt framing shaping machine, setting temperature is 130 DEG C~195 DEG C, and temperature is too high, and dyestuff easily distils; Temperature is too low, and fixed effect is not obvious, preferably 150 DEG C~180 DEG C.
The present invention adopts ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn, make the network yarn of plucked, be processed to form capillarity through decrement, make the seam of fabric move distance and water absorbing properties improves, the sucting wet air permeability of fabric of the present invention is good, when perspiring, is not stained with again health body, and overcome traditional fabric function singleness, application surface is narrow, fabric class is not high, the problem that product comfort level is poor, disperse by CATION terylene or the selection of other dyestuffs simultaneously, can obtain natural and tripping appearance colour, at women's dress, divided skirt, in the different apparel types such as Work Clothes, be applied.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Water suction of the present invention diffusion time is to record according to JIS L1907 method.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric, be organized as plain weave, warp thread adopts the DTY of 150d, composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene, the ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 1: 1, cross section is fabric of island-in-sea type, CATION terylene composition is as sea, ordinary polyester is as island, filament number is 4.2 DENIER, weft yarn adopts T/C32s blended yarn, make grey cloth through 74/in of density, 57/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is by concise → dry → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → dry → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming, wherein continuous alkali reducing condition: concentration of caustic soda is 6.5%, time of staying 6min, alkali reduction rate 8%, finally make finished product.Finished product weft density: 78/in*63 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 1770, grammes per square metre 104g/m 2.Finished product good hand feeling softness, Air permenbility is at 120cc, and under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 1.5mm, uses Japanese JISL1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time in 3 seconds, and measure wicking height is more than 120mm.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric, be organized as plain weave, warp thread adopts the DTY of 100d, composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene, the ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 7: 3, cross section is that tangerine lobe cuts fine type, filament number is 2.7 DENIER, this warp thread adds the twist of 600 twists/m, make warp beam through warping, weft yarn adopts T/R32s blended yarn, make through 94/in of density, the grey cloth of 60/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is by concise → dry → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → dry → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming, consider that viscose alkali resistance is poor, select continuous alkali reducing condition: concentration of caustic soda is 5%, the time of staying: 5min, alkali reduction rate: 5%, finally make finished product.Finished product weft density: 100/in*63 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 1815, grammes per square metre 103g/m 2.Finished product good hand feeling softness, Air permenbility is at 110cc, and under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 1.4mm, uses the Japanese JIS L1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time of the refrigerant sense fabric in 1 second.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric, be organized as plain weave, warp thread adopts the DTY of 150d, composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene, the ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 1: 1, cross section is fabric of island-in-sea type, CATION terylene composition is as sea, ordinary polyester is as island, filament number is 4.2 DENIER, this warp thread adds the twist of 600 twists/m, make warp beam through warping, weft yarn is identical with warp thread, make through 74/in of density, the grey cloth of 68/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is by concise → dry → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → dry → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming, select continuous alkali reducing condition: concentration of caustic soda is 9%, the time of staying: 5min, alkali reduction rate: 12%, finally make finished product.Finished product weft density: 83/in*76 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 1940 grammes per square metre 110g/m 2.Finished product good hand feeling softness, Air permenbility is at 120cc, and under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 1.5mm, uses the Japanese JIS L1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time of the refrigerant sense fabric in 1 second.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric, be organized as 2/1 twill, warp thread adopts the DTY of 150d, composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene, the ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 1: 1, cross section is fabric of island-in-sea type, CATION terylene composition is as sea, ordinary polyester is as island, filament number is 4.2 DENIER, this warp thread adds the twist of 600 twists/m, another warp thread adopts the conductive yam of 75d, make warp beam through warping, weft yarn adopts T/C32s blended yarn, make through 97/in of density, the grey cloth of 58/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is by concise → dry → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → dry → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming, select continuous alkali reducing condition: concentration of caustic soda is 6.5%, the time of staying: 6min, alkali reduction rate: 8%, finally make finished product.Finished product weft density: 107/in*61 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 2090, grammes per square metre 125g/m 2.Finished product good hand feeling softness, Air permenbility is at 90cc, and under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 1.5mm, uses the Japanese JIS L1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time of the refrigerant sense fabric in 1 second.

Claims (5)

1. an absorbent ventilate fabric, it is characterized in that: the bi-component false twist yarn that at least contains a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene in weft yarn of this fabric, the Air permenbility of this fabric obtaining by alkali decrement treatment is more than 80cc, under the pulling force of 9.8N, seam is moved apart from 2.5mm, absorb water diffusion time in 3 seconds, the cross sectional shape of wherein said ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn is that fabric of island-in-sea type or tangerine lobe cut fine type, and its fiber number is between 50~300 DENIER.
2. a kind of absorbent ventilate fabric according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the density coverage coefficient of this fabric is 1200~2200, grammes per square metre is 70~150g/m 2.
3. a kind of absorbent ventilate fabric according to claim 1, is characterized in that: this fabric tissue can adopt the alternative construction of plain weave, twill or twill.
4. a production method for absorbent ventilate fabric claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: first, the bi-component false twist yarn of selecting ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is weaved as warp thread and ∕ or weft yarn, makes grey cloth; Then the grey cloth making is carried out to rear arrangement processing, make absorbent ventilate fabric; Wherein, the alkali decrement condition in rear arrangement process is: concentration of caustic soda 5%~15%, the time of staying 4~10min, alkali reduction rate 5%~20%.
5. the production method of a kind of absorbent ventilate fabric according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the dyeing temperature arranging afterwards in process is 100~135 DEG C, and dyeing time is 15~40min, and bath raio is 1:15~30.
CN201010238327.4A 2010-07-20 2010-07-20 Fabric with water absorption and air permeability and production method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102337621B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103205851A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-17 福建凤竹纺织科技股份有限公司 Production process of silk-like knitted fabric
CN104278397B (en) * 2013-07-05 2017-02-08 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric with cool and refreshing feeling
CN105887240B (en) * 2016-04-19 2018-10-26 郑州四维特种材料有限责任公司 A kind of terylene pre-oriented fiber and preparation method thereof, dacron fabric and preparation method thereof
CN107543773A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-01-05 上海天祥质量技术服务有限公司 A kind of Fabric Wetting Characteristics method of testing and its device

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CN101158117A (en) * 2007-09-11 2008-04-09 丹阳市丹祈鱼跃纺织有限公司 Moisture-absorption perspiration and antibiotic fabric and production method thereof
CN101368312A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric and clothing make of the same
CN101387035A (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Bi-component flame-retardant fibre fabric
CN101492850A (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-29 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Dyeable dacron textile containing cationic dye and production method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101368312A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric and clothing make of the same
CN101387035A (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Bi-component flame-retardant fibre fabric
CN101158117A (en) * 2007-09-11 2008-04-09 丹阳市丹祈鱼跃纺织有限公司 Moisture-absorption perspiration and antibiotic fabric and production method thereof
CN101492850A (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-29 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Dyeable dacron textile containing cationic dye and production method

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Effective date of registration: 20170317

Address after: 226009 Jiangsu province Nantong Ruixing economic and Technological Development Zone, Road No. 301

Patentee after: Dongli wine (Nantong) Co., Ltd. Yi dyeing

Address before: 226009 Nantong Province Economic and Technological Development Zone, the New South Road, No. 58, No.

Patentee before: Toray Fiber Research Institute (China) Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140924

Termination date: 20200720