CN102337621A - Fabric with water absorption and air permeability and production method thereof - Google Patents

Fabric with water absorption and air permeability and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102337621A
CN102337621A CN2010102383274A CN201010238327A CN102337621A CN 102337621 A CN102337621 A CN 102337621A CN 2010102383274 A CN2010102383274 A CN 2010102383274A CN 201010238327 A CN201010238327 A CN 201010238327A CN 102337621 A CN102337621 A CN 102337621A
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
property
yarn
absorbent ventilate
ordinary polyester
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Granted
Application number
CN2010102383274A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102337621B (en
Inventor
蔡东照
石井正树
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Dongli wine (Nantong) Co., Ltd. Yi dyeing
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Toray Fibers and Textiles Research Laboratories China Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201010238327.4A priority Critical patent/CN102337621B/en
Publication of CN102337621A publication Critical patent/CN102337621A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102337621B publication Critical patent/CN102337621B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fabric with water absorption and air permeability and a production method thereof. The wrap and weft yarns of the fabric at least comprise one kind of dual-component yarn containing common Dacron and cation Dacron, and the dual-component yarn is processed into the finished production through alkali weight reducing finishing. The air permeability of the finished product, tested by JIS (Japanese Industrial Standards) L1907 test method, is above 80cc, joint shift is within 2.5mm under the tension of 9.8N, water absorption performance is good, water absorption diffusing time is within 3S, and the fabric has the function of cool feeling and quick dryness by moisture adsorption, and is an ideal autumn and summer leisure material.

Description

A kind of absorbent ventilate property fabric and production method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of absorbent ventilate property textiles.
Background technology:
In recent years, along with the continuous development of science and technology and improving constantly of people's living standard, people are also increasingly high to the requirement of clothes.In the time of to the color of garment material, feel, pursuit, to its comfortableness, functionally also proposed requirement.The lining in summer particularly more requires it to have suction, rapid-curing cutback, performance such as ventilative, refrigerant.At present, summer, lining was main with cotton textiles mostly, and moisture pick-up properties is no doubt good, but ixoderm skin very easily after the moisture absorption make human body produce sense of discomfort, and rate of drying is slow.Because the filoplume of pure cotton fabric is many, the space between fabric tissue is reduced, so gas permeability is all relatively poor.Reduce density, permeability improves, but the suture slippage meeting when making becomes big, is prone to reveal the needlework hole, can not pull, and has influenced the motion of limbs.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide the combination of a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn; Select suitable fabric cover and tissue; Through alkali decrement method for processing, it is good to obtain to have the absorbent ventilate performance, the strong fabric and the production method thereof of refrigerant sense of not being stained with the ixoderm skin.
Technical solution of the present invention is following:
A kind of absorbent ventilate property fabric; The bi-component yarn that in weft yarn, contains a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene at least of this fabric; And the Air permenbility of this fabric is more than 80cc, and seam is moved apart from 2.5mm under the pulling force of 9.8N, absorbs water diffusion time in 3 seconds.
The cross sectional shape of ordinary polyester of the present invention and CATION terylene bi-component yarn is that fabric of island-in-sea type or tangerine lobe cut fine type, and its fiber number is between 50~300 DENIERs.
The density coverage coefficient of this fabric is 1200~2200, and grammes per square metre is 70~150g/m 2
This fabric tissue can adopt the alternative construction of plain weave, twill or twill.
A kind of absorbent ventilate property manufacturing method of fabrics at first, selects for use the bi-component yarn of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene to weave as warp thread and/or weft yarn, makes grey cloth; Then the grey cloth that makes is carried out back arrangement processing, make absorbent ventilate property fabric; Wherein, the continuous alkali decrement condition in the back arrangement process is: caustic soda concentration 5%~15%, the time of staying 4~10min, alkali reduction rate 5%~20%.
The dyeing temperature of fabric of the present invention in back arrangement process is 100~135 ℃, and dyeing time is 15~40min, and bath raio is 1: 15~30.
Detailed description of the present invention is following:
The bi-component yarn that in weft yarn, contains a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene at least of absorbent ventilate property fabric of the present invention, knit grey cloth processing makes finished product through the alkali decrement because the decrement speed of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is different; Through the yam surface partial hydrolysis after the processing of alkali decrement; Yam surface forms groove, thereby increases the frictional force between weft yarn, and the bi-component yarn of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene also can be carried out false twisting processing; Thereby form one section thick girth of a garment yarn of one section thin; Increase the friction between yarn and yarn, can prevent the slippage of yarn, guarantee that seam is moved apart from 2.5mm under the pulling force of 9.8N; Can reduce simultaneously Air permenbility that the density of fabric makes the finished product that makes again more than 80cc.After the yarn decrement, make and form groove between yarn, improve capillary effect, improved the circulation of air in the clothes, quicken the evaporation of sweat, reduced the contact angle of water and yarn, guaranteed suction diffusion time in 3 seconds, measure wicking height is more than 100mm.
The cross sectional shape of ordinary polyester of the present invention and CATION terylene bi-component yarn selects for use fabric of island-in-sea type or tangerine lobe to cut fine type.Because consider it is as the dress ornament in summer, the fiber number of yarn is controlled between 50~300 DENIERs, fiber number is too thin, and cloth cover is too transparent, and fiber number is too thick, and cloth is too thick, does not have refrigerant sense, between preferred 75~150 DENIERs.
The weight that contains the yarn of terylene in the fabric of the present invention account for whole cloth heavy 50%~100%; Terylene content is too low; Easy ixoderm skin during perspiration; So adopt ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn as far as possible and wash/be cotton, wash/blended yarns such as viscose glue interweave, and the existing straightening sense of fabric of acquisition has natural sense again like this.
Density coverage coefficient of the present invention is between 1200~2200, and the density coverage coefficient is too low, and fabric is too thin to be passed through very much, the easy slippage of yarn; The density coverage coefficient is too high, and after the thickness of fabric increased, gas permeability was bad; The air that influences in the clothes flows, and slows down the evaporation of sweat, thereby the refrigerant sense of fabric is reduced; The preferred density coverage coefficient is between 1400~2100, and the grammes per square metre of the fabric that makes is 70~150g/m 2, preferred grammes per square metre is 80~130g/m 2
Wherein, Density coverage coefficient computing formula of the present invention is following:
Warp thread coverage coefficient=warp count (* warp thread fiber number (dtex) of root/in) 1/2,
Weft yarn coverage coefficient=warp count (* weft yarn fiber number (dtex) of root/in) 1/2
The tissue of this fabric can adopt the alternative construction of plain weave, twill or twill.The interlacing point of these tissues is many, and easy glide not between yarn can suitably lower thread count, improves gas permeability, preferred plain weave or 2/1 twill.
A kind of absorbent ventilate manufacturing method of fabrics, at first, the bi-component yarn of selecting ordinary polyester and CATION terylene for use is as warp thread and/or weft yarn, and warping, starching, preparation make grey cloth through axle; Then the grey cloth that makes is carried out refining, pre-setting, decrement, dyeing, drying, RESIN FINISH, typing process engineering and obtain finished product.Wherein, warp thread can be twisted.
In the arrangement process in back of the present invention, fabric is carried out continuous alkali decrement, alkali decrement condition is continuously: caustic soda concentration is 5%~15%, the time of staying: 4~10min, alkali reduction rate: 5%~20%; Reduction rate is too low, and the yarn hydrolysis is little, and it is not obvious that the surface forms groove, causes suction bad, and frictional force also reduces between yarn, the yarn easy glide; Reduction rate is too high, and CATION terylene part decrement is too fast, causes decrement irregular easily, thereby causes dyeing the back uneven color, and preferred caustic soda concentration is 5%~10%, the time of staying: 4~10min, alkali reduction rate: 5%~15%; During dyeing, dyeing temperature is that 100~135 ℃, dyeing time are 15~40min, and bath raio is 1: 15~30.
The present invention can adopt CATION terylene dyestuff to dye separately when dyeing, also can adopt CATION terylene dyestuff to cooperate with the other types dyestuff and dye, and makes the fabric that obtains present different colors; Adopt framing shaping machine during typing, setting temperature is 130 ℃~195 ℃, and temperature is too high, and dyestuff is prone to distillation; Temperature is too low, typing DeGrain, preferred 150 ℃~180 ℃.
The present invention adopts ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn, makes the network yarn of plucked, is processed to form capillarity through decrement; Make the seam of lining move distance and water absorbing properties improves, the sucting wet air permeability of fabric of the present invention is good, is not stained with body when health is perspired again; And overcome traditional lining function singleness, application surface is narrow, and the lining class is not high; The problem of product comfort level difference; Through the selection of the dispersion of CATION terylene or other dyestuffs, can obtain natural and tripping appearance colour simultaneously, in different clothing type such as women's dress, divided skirt, Work Clothes, be applied.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described further.
Suction of the present invention diffusion time is to record according to JIS L1907 method.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of absorbent ventilate property fabric is organized as plain weave, and warp thread adopts the DTY of 150d, and composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene; The ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 1: 1, and the cross section is a fabric of island-in-sea type, and CATION terylene composition is as the sea; Ordinary polyester is as the island, and filament number is 4.2 DENIERs, and weft yarn adopts the T/C32s blended yarn; Make grey cloth through 74/in of density, 57/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is through concise → drying → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → drying → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming; Wherein continuous alkali decrement condition: caustic soda concentration is 6.5%, time of staying 6min, alkali reduction rate 8%; Finally make finished product.Finished product is through filling density: 78/in*63 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 1770, grammes per square metre 104g/m 2The finished product good hand feeling is soft, and Air permenbility is at 120cc, and seam is moved apart from 1.5mm under the pulling force of 9.8N, uses Japanese JISL1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time in 3 seconds, and measure wicking height is more than 120mm.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric is organized as plain weave, and warp thread adopts the DTY of 100d, and composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene; The ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 7: 3, and fine type is cut for the tangerine lobe in the cross section, and filament number is 2.7 DENIERs, and this warp thread adds the twist of 600 sth. made by twisting/rice; Make through axle through warping, weft yarn adopts the T/R32s blended yarn, makes through 94/in of density; The grey cloth of 60/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth consider that through concise → drying → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → drying → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming the viscose alkali resistance is poor; Select continuous alkali decrement condition for use: caustic soda concentration is 5%, the time of staying: 5min, alkali reduction rate: 5%; Finally make finished product.Finished product is through filling density: 100/in*63 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 1815, grammes per square metre 103g/m 2The finished product good hand feeling is soft, and Air permenbility is at 110cc, and seam is moved apart from 1.4mm under the pulling force of 9.8N, use Japanese JIS L1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time at 1 second with interior refrigerant sense fabric.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric is organized as plain weave, and warp thread adopts the DTY of 150d; Composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene, and the ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 1: 1, and the cross section is a fabric of island-in-sea type; CATION terylene composition is as the sea, and ordinary polyester is as the island, and filament number is 4.2 DENIERs; This warp thread adds the twist of 600 sth. made by twisting/rice, makes through axle through warping, and weft yarn is identical with warp thread; Make through 74/in of density, the grey cloth of 68/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is through concise → drying → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → drying → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming; Select continuous alkali decrement condition for use: caustic soda concentration is 9%, the time of staying: 5min, alkali reduction rate: 12%; Finally make finished product.Finished product is through filling density: 83/in*76 root/in, coverage coefficient reach 1940 grammes per square metre 110g/m 2The finished product good hand feeling is soft, and Air permenbility is at 120cc, and seam is moved apart from 1.5mm under the pulling force of 9.8N, use Japanese JIS L1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time at 1 second with interior refrigerant sense fabric.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of absorbent ventilate fabric is organized as 2/1 twill, and warp thread adopts the DTY of 150d, and composition is ordinary polyester and CATION terylene; The ratio of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene is 1: 1, and the cross section is a fabric of island-in-sea type, and CATION terylene composition is as the sea; Ordinary polyester is as the island, and filament number is 4.2 DENIERs, and this warp thread adds the twist of 600 sth. made by twisting/rice; A kind of in addition warp thread adopts the conductive yam of 75d, makes through axle through warping, and weft yarn adopts the T/C32s blended yarn; Make through 97/in of density, the grey cloth of 58/in of weft density, above-mentioned grey cloth is through concise → drying → pre-setting → decrement → dyeing → drying → RESIN FINISH → stentering forming; Select continuous alkali decrement condition for use: caustic soda concentration is 6.5%, the time of staying: 6min, alkali reduction rate: 8%; Finally make finished product.Finished product is through filling density: 107/in*61 root/in, coverage coefficient reaches 2090, grammes per square metre 125g/m 2The finished product good hand feeling is soft, and Air permenbility is at 90cc, and seam is moved apart from 1.5mm under the pulling force of 9.8N, use Japanese JIS L1907 method of testing water absorption of fabrics diffusion time at 1 second with interior refrigerant sense fabric.

Claims (6)

1. absorbent ventilate property fabric; It is characterized in that: the bi-component yarn that in weft yarn, contains a kind of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene at least of this fabric; And the Air permenbility of this fabric is more than 80cc, and seam is moved apart from 2.5mm under the pulling force of 9.8N, absorbs water diffusion time in 3 seconds.
2. absorbent ventilate property fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cross sectional shape of said ordinary polyester and CATION terylene bi-component yarn is that fabric of island-in-sea type or tangerine lobe cut fine type, and its fiber number is between 50~300 DENIERs.
3. a kind of absorbent ventilate property fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the density coverage coefficient of this fabric is 1200~2200, and grammes per square metre is 70~150g/m 2
4. a kind of absorbent ventilate property fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this fabric tissue can adopt the alternative construction of plain weave, twill or twill.
5. an absorbent ventilate property manufacturing method of fabrics is characterized in that: at first, select for use the bi-component yarn of ordinary polyester and CATION terylene to weave as warp thread and/or weft yarn, make grey cloth; Then the grey cloth that makes is carried out back arrangement processing, make absorbent ventilate property fabric; Wherein, the alkali decrement condition in the back arrangement process is: caustic soda concentration 5%~15%, the time of staying 4~10min, alkali reduction rate 5%~20%.
6. a kind of absorbent ventilate property manufacturing method of fabrics according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the dyeing temperature in the back arrangement process is 100~135 ℃, and dyeing time is 15~40min, and bath raio is 1: 15~30.
CN201010238327.4A 2010-07-20 2010-07-20 Fabric with water absorption and air permeability and production method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102337621B (en)

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CN102337621B CN102337621B (en) 2014-09-24

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103205851A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-17 福建凤竹纺织科技股份有限公司 Production process of silk-like knitted fabric
CN104278397A (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-01-14 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric with cool and refreshing feeling
CN105887240A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-24 郑州四维特种材料有限责任公司 Pre-oriented polyester yarns and preparation method thereof and polyester fiber fabrics and preparation method thereof
CN107543773A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-01-05 上海天祥质量技术服务有限公司 A kind of Fabric Wetting Characteristics method of testing and its device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000144550A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-26 Toray Ind Inc Fabric for underwear and clothes for sleep or ward
CN101158117A (en) * 2007-09-11 2008-04-09 丹阳市丹祈鱼跃纺织有限公司 Moisture-absorption perspiration and antibiotic fabric and production method thereof
CN101368312A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric and clothing make of the same
CN101387035A (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Bi-component flame-retardant fibre fabric
CN101492850A (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-29 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Dyeable dacron textile containing cationic dye and production method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000144550A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-26 Toray Ind Inc Fabric for underwear and clothes for sleep or ward
CN101368312A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric and clothing make of the same
CN101387035A (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-18 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Bi-component flame-retardant fibre fabric
CN101158117A (en) * 2007-09-11 2008-04-09 丹阳市丹祈鱼跃纺织有限公司 Moisture-absorption perspiration and antibiotic fabric and production method thereof
CN101492850A (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-29 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Dyeable dacron textile containing cationic dye and production method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103205851A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-17 福建凤竹纺织科技股份有限公司 Production process of silk-like knitted fabric
CN104278397A (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-01-14 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric with cool and refreshing feeling
CN104278397B (en) * 2013-07-05 2017-02-08 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Fabric with cool and refreshing feeling
CN105887240A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-24 郑州四维特种材料有限责任公司 Pre-oriented polyester yarns and preparation method thereof and polyester fiber fabrics and preparation method thereof
CN105887240B (en) * 2016-04-19 2018-10-26 郑州四维特种材料有限责任公司 A kind of terylene pre-oriented fiber and preparation method thereof, dacron fabric and preparation method thereof
CN107543773A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-01-05 上海天祥质量技术服务有限公司 A kind of Fabric Wetting Characteristics method of testing and its device

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Effective date of registration: 20170317

Address after: 226009 Jiangsu province Nantong Ruixing economic and Technological Development Zone, Road No. 301

Patentee after: Dongli wine (Nantong) Co., Ltd. Yi dyeing

Address before: 226009 Nantong Province Economic and Technological Development Zone, the New South Road, No. 58, No.

Patentee before: Toray Fiber Research Institute (China) Co., Ltd.

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Granted publication date: 20140924

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