CN102177789A - Cleaning-separating device of pepper harvester - Google Patents

Cleaning-separating device of pepper harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102177789A
CN102177789A CN2011100488223A CN201110048822A CN102177789A CN 102177789 A CN102177789 A CN 102177789A CN 2011100488223 A CN2011100488223 A CN 2011100488223A CN 201110048822 A CN201110048822 A CN 201110048822A CN 102177789 A CN102177789 A CN 102177789A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
threshing roller
cleaning
capsicum
separator
star
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100488223A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈永成
胡爽吉
雷金
陈少杰
袁银霞
刘晓飞
熊志远
田括
宋海草
李玉林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shihezi University
Original Assignee
Shihezi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shihezi University filed Critical Shihezi University
Priority to CN2011100488223A priority Critical patent/CN102177789A/en
Publication of CN102177789A publication Critical patent/CN102177789A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a cleaning-separating device of a pepper harvester and relates to a cleaning-separating device in farming machinery. The cleaning-separating device comprises a machine frame(1), a re-threshing roller(2), a seedling-discharging roller(3), a grating intaglio plate(4), a fixed elastic finger(5), a fan(6), a material-receiving hopper(7), a rear conveyor(8) and a transmission device, wherein the seedling-discharging roller and the re-threshing roller are arranged on the back upper part of the machine frame, and the grating intaglio plate and the fixed elastic finger are arranged below the re-threshing roller and form a re-threshing area together with the re-threshing roller; and a plurality of rows of spider sets are arranged in front of the re-threshing roller, and the fan and the rear conveyor are arranged on the lower part of the material-receiving hopper which is arranged on the middle part of the machine frame. The cleaning-separating device can complete cleaning and re-picking operations of peppers, effectively realize the separation of peppers and impurities such as branches and pepper leaves and simultaneously realize the secondary picking of peppers separated from branches. The cleaning-separating device has the advantages of high operating efficiency, complete separation of peppers, little energy consumption and difficult winding of working parts by branches, and can improve the operating quality of the pepper harvester.

Description

A kind of capsicum reaping machine is cleaned separator
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery and clean separator, particularly a kind of capsicum reaping machine course of work that is used for is removed branch bar, green pepper leaf and separated limb is gone up the separator of cleaning of capsicum secondary harvesting.
Two, technical background
Capsicum contains abundant nutritive element, helps health, is subjected to the numerous common people's favor.Along with the raising of extracting the hot phycoerythrobilin technology from capsicum, the cultivated area of capsicum constantly enlarges.At present the harvesting approach of capsicum is mainly based on manually, the inefficiency of gathering, and labour intensity is big, presses for the realization mechanized.Domestic search time to the capsicum harvest machinery is shorter, substantially do not clean separator or be simple pneumatic cleaning device on some capsicum reaping machines of development, cause impurity such as branch bar that the capsicum product of mechanical harvest sneaks into, green pepper leaf a lot, capsicum product after gathering still needs manually the branch bar therefrom to be separated, time-consuming, efficient is low, the cost height.With regard to domestic and international existing capsicum reaping machine type, effectively clean separator owing to lack, also need a large amount of artificial less important works, the inreal mechanized harvest of realizing capsicum, restricted the process of capsicum entire mechanization operation, be badly in need of the separator of cleaning of a kind of effective raising operation quality and efficient, promote the complete machine performance of capsicum reaping machine.
Three, summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of effective capsicum and clean separator, for capsicum mechanized harvest is truly paved the way.Patent of the present invention comprises frame, described upper rack is provided with by standing grain cylinder, re-threshing roller and cleaning plant, and cleaning plant the place ahead is provided with preceding conveyer, and the cleaning plant rear is provided with the back conveyer, described frame is provided with final drive shaft, and described final drive shaft is connected with power input mechanism.Described re-threshing roller is provided with interlaced many rows a brief period of time, link to each other with final drive shaft by transmission mechanism, the described standing grain cylinder that pursues links to each other with re-threshing roller by transmission mechanism, the below of described re-threshing roller is provided with the grid concave plate and the fixedly a brief period of time, the secondary that constitutes capsicum with re-threshing roller is plucked the zone, described cleaning plant comprises one-level cleaning plant and secondary cleaning plant, described one-level cleaning plant structure is star-like wheels formula cleaning plant, described star-like wheels are formed by separating star-like the wheel with declutch shaft, be connected with driving shaft by transmission mechanism, described star-like wheels, become certain angle of inclination with horizontal plane of frame, described secondary cleaning plant is located at the below of one-level cleaning plant, comprises receiving hopper, blower fan and back conveyer, described blower fan links to each other with final drive shaft by transmission mechanism.Novel structure of the present invention, easy for installation, clean good separating effect, can effectively capsicum be separated with impurity such as branch bar and green pepper leaves, simultaneously can also carry out secondary and pluck again isolating a branch bar that has capsicum, the performance of capsicum reaping machine is improved greatly.
The course of work is as follows: during operation, by power input mechanism power is transported to this device, the capsicum mixture of picker being plucked by preceding conveyer is delivered in the separator and separates, under the effect of the planetary gear that rotates, pepper fruit and branch bar, the green pepper leaf is being shaken up and down in the motion process backward, capsicum, green pepper leaf and particulate impurity fall from the gap between star-like the wheel, the long shoot bar that has pepper fruit is transported to the rear portion, pursuing under the effect of standing grain cylinder, send into re-threshing roller and carry out the secondary harvesting, the capsicum of plucking simultaneously from one-level cleaning plant and secondary, green pepper leaf and particulate impurity enter the secondary cleaning plant by receiving hopper, the secondary cleaning plant utilizes the wind-force of blower fan that impurity such as green pepper leaf are blown out outside the machine, and the capsicum of cleaning enters the back conveyer and carries backward.
Compared with prior art, the separator of cleaning provided by the present invention can effectively separate capsicum with impurity such as branch bar and green pepper leaves, simultaneously can also carry out secondary and pluck again isolating a branch bar that has capsicum, the performance of capsicum reaping machine is improved greatly, saved manpower and materials, it is rational in infrastructure, convenient and practical.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of cleaning separator
Fig. 2 is a vertical view of cleaning separator
Fig. 3 is an end view of cleaning separator
Fig. 4 is an A-A cutaway view of cleaning separator
Fig. 5 is a B-B cutaway view of cleaning separator
1 is frame shown in the figure, and 2 is re-threshing roller, and 3 for pursuing the standing grain cylinder, 4 is grid concave plate, and 5 are the fixedly a brief period of time, and 6 is blower fan, 7 is receiving hopper, and 8 is the back conveyer, and 9 for separating pocket-wheel, 10 is preceding conveyer, and 11 for taking off a brief period of time again, and 12 is the re-threshing roller sprocket wheel, 13 is the re-threshing roller axle, 14. the re-threshing roller belt wheel, 15 for pursuing the standing grain roller sprocket, and 16 is counter wheel, 17 is the blower fan belt wheel, 18 is driving pulley, and 19 is big belt wheel, and 20 is final drive shaft, 21 is drive sprocket, 22 is star-like wheels, and 23 is declutch shaft, and 24 is driven sprocket.
Five, embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.
Embodiment 1: referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 5, the frame of cleaning separator (1) top of capsicum reaping machine is provided with re-threshing roller (2) and pursues standing grain cylinder (3), the below of re-threshing roller is provided with the grid concave plate (4) and the fixedly a brief period of time (5), front lower place by standing grain cylinder (3) is provided with many row's separation star-like wheels (22), star-like wheels (22) be installed in the angled beam of horizontal plane of frame on, the middle part of frame is provided with receiving hopper (7), the bottom of frame (1) is provided with blower fan (6) and back conveyer (8), and the top of frame (1) is provided with final drive shaft (20).
Described re-threshing roller (2) with by standing grain cylinder (3) by re-threshing roller sprocket wheel (12) with pursue standing grain roller sprocket (15) and link to each other, re-threshing roller (2) links to each other with counter wheel (16) by re-threshing roller belt wheel 14, and counter wheel (16) links to each other with driving pulley (18) on the final drive shaft (20).
Described star-like wheels (22) link to each other with drive sprocket (21) on the final drive shaft (20) by driven sprocket (24).
Described blower fan (6) links to each other with driving pulley (18) on the final drive shaft (20) by blower fan belt wheel (17).
Described final drive shaft (20) links to each other with power input mechanism by driving pulley (18), for the whole separator of cleaning provides power.
Embodiment 2:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the described fixedly a brief period of time (5) can directly be fixed on the grid concave plate.
Embodiment 3:
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is to remove by standing grain cylinder (3).

Claims (7)

1. a capsicum reaping machine is cleaned separator, comprise frame (1), re-threshing roller (2), by standing grain cylinder (3), grid intaglio plate (4), the fixedly a brief period of time (5), blower fan (6), receiving hopper (7), back conveyer (8), the star-like wheel (9), preceding conveyer (10), take off a brief period of time (11) again, final drive shaft transmission devices such as (20), it is characterized in that: described frame (1) is fixed on the chassis of capsicum reaping machine, described frame (1) top is provided with by standing grain cylinder (3) and the re-threshing roller (2) that takes off a brief period of time (11) again is installed, the below of described re-threshing roller (2) is provided with the grid intaglio plate (4) and the fixedly a brief period of time (5), the place ahead of described re-threshing roller (2) is provided with the star-like wheels of many rows, star-like wheels comprise star-like wheel (9) and declutch shaft (23), the middle part of described frame (1) is provided with receiving hopper (7), and described frame (1) bottom is provided with blower fan (6) and back conveyer (8).
2. capsicum reaping machine according to claim 1 clean separator, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) is provided with final drive shaft (20), final drive shaft (20) links to each other with power input mechanism by driving pulley (18).
3. according to the separator of cleaning of the described capsicum reaping machine of claim 1~2, it is characterized in that: the re-threshing roller (2) that the top of described frame (1) is provided with links to each other with final drive shaft (20) by the chain drive or the band kind of drive, and what described frame (1) top was provided with links to each other with re-threshing roller (2) by the chain drive or the band kind of drive by standing grain cylinder (3).
4. capsicum reaping machine according to claim 1 clean separator, it is characterized in that: the fixedly a brief period of time (5) is fixed on grid intaglio plate (4) or the frame (1), takes off a brief period of time (11) with answering on the re-threshing roller (2) and is spaced.
5. capsicum reaping machine according to claim 1 clean separator, it is characterized in that: described re-threshing roller (2) below is provided with grid intaglio plate (4), grid concave plate (4) is made up of horizontal grizzly bar and vertical grizzly bar, laterally grizzly bar and vertical grizzly bar part are to lower recess, take off the zone again with re-threshing roller (2) formation, answering between grid concave plate (4) and the re-threshing roller (2) taken off the zone and can be adjusted.
6. according to the separator of cleaning of the described capsicum reaping machine of claim 1~2, it is characterized in that: arrange star-like wheels (22) and frame (1) horizontal plane more and have a certain degree and be in tilted layout, the star-like wheel has certain interval between (9), and star-like wheels (22) link to each other with final drive shaft by chaindriven mode.
7. according to the separator of cleaning of the described capsicum reaping machine of claim 1~2, it is characterized in that: the outlet below of receiving hopper (7) is provided with blower fan (6), blower fan (6) can be by band transmission, chain drive or hydraulic power mode, and the rotating speed of blower fan, air quantity can be regulated.
CN2011100488223A 2011-03-01 2011-03-01 Cleaning-separating device of pepper harvester Pending CN102177789A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100488223A CN102177789A (en) 2011-03-01 2011-03-01 Cleaning-separating device of pepper harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100488223A CN102177789A (en) 2011-03-01 2011-03-01 Cleaning-separating device of pepper harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102177789A true CN102177789A (en) 2011-09-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011100488223A Pending CN102177789A (en) 2011-03-01 2011-03-01 Cleaning-separating device of pepper harvester

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CN (1) CN102177789A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102487661A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-06-13 石河子大学 Self-propelled chili combine harvester
CN104094732A (en) * 2013-04-15 2014-10-15 蒋毅蕾 Opposite row chili picking machine head
CN104081934B (en) * 2014-06-11 2016-02-03 李东海 Pepper-picking machine
CN105537123A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-04 浙江海洋学院 Thick-shell mussel sorting device
CN109351640A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-02-19 洛阳理工学院 A kind of capsicum sorting machine
CN109433623A (en) * 2018-10-02 2019-03-08 赵青 The quick sorting unit of agricultural product and sorting machine
CN109433622A (en) * 2018-10-02 2019-03-08 赵青 A kind of quick sorting unit of agricultural product
CN111699816A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-09-25 石河子大学 Cyperus esculentus separating and cleaning device and Cyperus esculentus harvester comprising same

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6779329B2 (en) * 2000-09-21 2004-08-24 Pik Rite, Inc. Vinous crop harvesting apparatus and method
CN101305662A (en) * 2008-05-30 2008-11-19 甘肃农业大学 Hand steered air suction stripping refining type seed combined harvester
CN201222884Y (en) * 2008-07-16 2009-04-22 贾豫庆 Automatic device of harvester for picking and separating fruits of corps
CN201312494Y (en) * 2008-12-05 2009-09-23 朱德利 Pepper-picking machine
CN201491515U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-06-02 石河子大学 Pepper harvester
CN201601987U (en) * 2010-02-09 2010-10-13 石河子大学 Picking selecting machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6779329B2 (en) * 2000-09-21 2004-08-24 Pik Rite, Inc. Vinous crop harvesting apparatus and method
CN101305662A (en) * 2008-05-30 2008-11-19 甘肃农业大学 Hand steered air suction stripping refining type seed combined harvester
CN201222884Y (en) * 2008-07-16 2009-04-22 贾豫庆 Automatic device of harvester for picking and separating fruits of corps
CN201312494Y (en) * 2008-12-05 2009-09-23 朱德利 Pepper-picking machine
CN201491515U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-06-02 石河子大学 Pepper harvester
CN201601987U (en) * 2010-02-09 2010-10-13 石河子大学 Picking selecting machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102487661A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-06-13 石河子大学 Self-propelled chili combine harvester
CN104094732A (en) * 2013-04-15 2014-10-15 蒋毅蕾 Opposite row chili picking machine head
CN104081934B (en) * 2014-06-11 2016-02-03 李东海 Pepper-picking machine
CN105537123A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-04 浙江海洋学院 Thick-shell mussel sorting device
CN109351640A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-02-19 洛阳理工学院 A kind of capsicum sorting machine
CN109433623A (en) * 2018-10-02 2019-03-08 赵青 The quick sorting unit of agricultural product and sorting machine
CN109433622A (en) * 2018-10-02 2019-03-08 赵青 A kind of quick sorting unit of agricultural product
CN111699816A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-09-25 石河子大学 Cyperus esculentus separating and cleaning device and Cyperus esculentus harvester comprising same

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Application publication date: 20110914