CN201758572U - Auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine - Google Patents

Auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201758572U
CN201758572U CN2010202198669U CN201020219866U CN201758572U CN 201758572 U CN201758572 U CN 201758572U CN 2010202198669 U CN2010202198669 U CN 2010202198669U CN 201020219866 U CN201020219866 U CN 201020219866U CN 201758572 U CN201758572 U CN 201758572U
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China
Prior art keywords
auger
wheel
sprocket
rotating shaft
canvas apron
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010202198669U
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Chinese (zh)
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张京春
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine which mainly comprises three major parts of a transmission device, an auger defloration device and a canvas conveying device, wherein the transmission device mainly comprises a motor, a belt pulley, a belt, a belt pulley coaxial chain wheel, double chain wheels, an auger chain wheel, an eccentric wheel shaft chain wheel, a chain and the like; the auger defloration device mainly comprises an auger rotating shaft, the auger chain wheel, an eccentric wheel shaft driving chain wheel, the eccentric wheel shaft chain wheel, a lever bracket, a tendril and branch cutting blade, an eccentric wheel, an eccentric wheel shaft and an auger consisting of an auger cylinder, an auger blade and a barbed nail group; and the canvas conveying device mainly comprises a canvas conveying belt driving chain wheel, a canvas conveying belt driven chain wheel, a canvas conveying belt, a canvas conveying belt lower rotating shaft, a canvas conveying belt upper rotating shaft and the chain. Humulus lupulus tendrils which are cut off artificially are fed into the harvesting machine, and then the motor is started to drive the transmission device and the auger device to work, so that humulus lupulus and leaf blades which are picked off from the tendrils are separated by the canvas conveying device. The auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine has the characteristics of being simple in structure and convenient for operation and maintenance.

Description

Auger type lupulus harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural equipment that lupulus is gathered that is used for.
Background technology
Lupulus is a kind of important source material of beer brewing, has characteristics such as the soil of utilization is few, output is high, easy to raise, survival rate height, economic benefit height.The annual maturing stage is mostly in 8-9 month in Xinjiang, is the busy season of lupulus of gathering in the meantime, needs a large amount of manually gathering.The efficient of manually gathering is low, working time is long, on average can gather for each person every day about 40 kilograms, and the duration reaches more than 30 day.Many lupulus plantations family wishes very that all a kind of small-sized equipment of gathering is arranged, and enters the field and gathers, and reduces labor intensity, reduces working time.I also once developed a kind of lupulus harvester, and in please patent obtain the authorization, the patent No. is 96208739.4, be characterized in that volume is little, in light weight, price is low, move flexible etc.Shortcoming is: machine fault when work is many, lupulus tendril branch often takes place be wrapped in the body, forms big pimple, can't work, need a large amount of time to remove to remove these tendril branches, delay, so that operating efficiency is not high, thereby is not welcomed by customers, and is difficult to be applied.Also the someone develops another kind of lupulus and plucks cleaning machine, has applied for patent equally and obtains the authorization, and the patent No. is 200620119892.8.Its advantage is a high efficiency, and deflowering amount is big etc., shortcoming is that equipment is huge, selling at exorbitant prices, be fixed on the place can not move flexibly, with artificial many.During work, need manually the lupulus tendril to be transported to the equipment place with vehicle in a large number and gather time-consuming taking a lot of work then.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model auger type lupulus harvester with regard to provide a kind of solution manually gather lupulus working time long, labour intensity is big, ineffective problem, can conveniently enter into the gather machinery of lupulus of field.
The technical scheme of the utility model auger type lupulus harvester is: harvester mainly is made of transmission device, auger defloration device, canvas conveying plant three parts, with the electromotor is power, drive the work of auger defloration device by transmission device, the lupulus of plucking is separated with broken leaf by the canvas conveying plant.
Transmission device mainly comprises electromotor, belt pulley, belt, Pulley shaft, belt pulley coaxial sprocket, the rotating shaft of double-stranded wheel, minor sprocket, hinge wheel, auger rotating shaft, auger sprocket wheel, camshaft sprocket wheel, chain.Motor mounting is below the frame discharge port end, and belt pulley is fixed on the frame by Pulley shaft, support, and the runner on the electromotor is connected with belt with belt pulley, the belt pulley coaxial sprocket and the coaxial outside that is fixed on feed inlet end one methods, rack of belt pulley; Double-stranded wheel is made up of the hinge wheel, the minor sprocket that are weldingly fixed in the rotating shaft of double-stranded wheel, hinge wheel is fixed on the frame outside, belt pulley coaxial sprocket top position in the outside by the rotating shaft of two strands wheel at inboard, minor sprocket, and the belt pulley coaxial sprocket is connected with chain with hinge wheel in double-stranded the wheel; The auger rotating shaft is installed in two strands wheel oblique upper position, and the auger sprocket wheel is installed in the auger rotating shaft, and the auger sprocket wheel is connected with chain with the minor sprocket of double-stranded wheel.
Auger defloration device mainly comprises auger rotating shaft, auger sprocket wheel, camshaft drive sprocket, camshaft sprocket wheel, lever bracket, tendril branch cutting blade, eccentric wheel, camshaft and the auger that is made of auger cylinder, auger blade, caltrop group.Iron sheet auger shell cylindraceous is installed, the sealing of auger shell feed inlet end outside auger; The other end is an opening, as the outlet of the tendril branch after the cutting.Bottom design at the auger shell has a slot outlet, as the lupulus under plucking and the outlet of broken blade.A plurality of auger blades are welded on the auger cylinder, and the end of two whenever adjacent auger blades is welded with mutual dislocation, leaves the caltrop group of certain interval; Lever bracket tilts to be installed in position, auger shell top with support bar, is fixed on tendril branch cutting blade on the lever bracket and stretches into space between two adjacent caltrop groups; Eccentric wheel is fixedly mounted on the camshaft and the corresponding position of tendril branch cutting blade.
The canvas apron device comprises that mainly canvas apron drive sprocket, canvas apron are by rotating shaft on movable sprocket, canvas apron, canvas apron lower rotary shaft, the canvas apron, chain.Rotating shaft is fixed on the frame on canvas apron lower rotary shaft, the canvas apron, and the canvas apron of seamless link supports by rotating shaft on canvas apron lower rotary shaft, the canvas apron; The canvas apron drive sprocket is installed in the rotating shaft of double-stranded wheel with double-stranded wheel is coaxial, and canvas apron is installed on the canvas apron in the rotating shaft by movable sprocket, is connected with the canvas apron drive sprocket with chain.Being installed on the canvas apron camshaft drive sprocket in the rotating shaft is connected with the camshaft sprocket wheel with chain.
This utility model auger type lupulus harvester to manipulate process as follows:
Move auger type lupulus harvester to field, connect the work of power initiation electromotor, drive belt pulley by belt and rotate, belt pulley drives hinge wheel, minor sprocket rotation by belt pulley coaxial sprocket, chain again, and hinge wheel drives the auger sprocket wheel by chain again then; Simultaneously, the canvas apron drive sprocket also begins to rotate, drive the passive drive of canvas apron by chain, thereby drive and the coaxial mounted eccentric wheel drive sprocket work of the passive drive of canvas apron, the eccentric wheel drive sprocket drives the work of camshaft sprocket wheel again, harvester canvas apron sprocket rotation like this, the transmission device of harvester, auger defloration device, canvas apron device are just all started working like this.
At this moment, the lupulus tendril branch of cutting is in advance fed from charging aperture, rotation along with the auger blade, lupulus tendril branch constantly moves backward, in the time of on moving to first caltrop group, lupulus tendril branch is blocked by the caltrop group, auger blade, when the caltrop group is rotated further the top, at this moment the tendril branch cutting blade on the leverage is started working, and cuts off, lupulus and blade are removed being wrapped in the middle lupulus tendril branch in two adjacent caltrop group spaces.Lupulus and the blade taken tumble auger shell lower portion automatically, drop on the canvas apron along the slot outlet.When lupulus and blade drop on the canvas apron simultaneously, fall in the basket of putting well in advance because of the lupulus of circular granular just tumbles the below along canvas apron, the blade of flat falls on the ground after rotating shaft on the canvas apron on one side along the rotation of canvas apron.Simultaneously, the moving circle of camshaft sprocket wheel revolution, the eccentric wheel of installing on the camshaft will press down lever bracket, the tendril branch cutting blade that is fixed on the lever bracket will be lifted from the space of two adjacent caltrop groups, the tendril branch that is wrapped on the caltrop group is dialled down, then continued along with the auger blade rotation by the tendril branch under dialling, and move to block by the tendril cutting blade on following two adjacent caltrop groups and cut off, lupulus of taking and blade drop on the canvas apron along the slot outlet.Through harvesting so repeatedly, most of lupulus and blade are taken, and the tendril branch that is repeatedly cut then moves to the outlet that designs on the auger shell ground of dropping along the rotation of auger blade.
For recovery is mixed in lupulus in the blade, can vibratory sieve be installed on one side that the broken blade of canvas apron drops.
The utility model auger type lupulus harvester is simple in structure, easy to maintenance, can be in the threshing ground operation, also can draw to the field operation, realized the semi-automation that lupulus is plucked, the work efficiency height, hops better separate with branches and leaves, rattan, have alleviated agro-industrial labour intensity greatly, have reduced the production cost of hops.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model auger type lupulus harvester.
Fig. 2 is the right side view of the utility model auger type lupulus harvester.
Fig. 3 is the screw conveyer device structural representation of the utility model auger type lupulus harvester.
Fig. 4 is that the screw conveyer device of the utility model auger type lupulus harvester is along A-A line cutaway view.
In the drawings, 1, frame 2, auger shell 3, road wheel 4, charging aperture 5, electromotor 6, belt pulley 7, Pulley shaft 8, belt pulley coaxial sprocket 9, the rotating shaft 10 of double-stranded wheel, minor sprocket 11, hinge wheel 12, auger rotating shaft 13, auger sprocket wheel 14, canvas apron drive sprocket 15, canvas apron is by movable sprocket 16, canvas apron 17, canvas apron lower rotary shaft 18, rotating shaft 19 on the canvas apron, camshaft drive sprocket 20, camshaft sprocket wheel 21, lever bracket 22, tendril branch cutting blade 23, eccentric wheel 24, camshaft 25, auger cylinder 26, auger blade 27, caltrop group 28, the slot outlet
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, transmission device mainly comprises electromotor 5, belt pulley 6, belt, Pulley shaft 7, belt pulley coaxial sprocket 8, the rotating shaft 9 of double-stranded wheel, minor sprocket 10, hinge wheel 11, auger rotating shaft 12, auger sprocket wheel 13, camshaft sprocket wheel 20, chain.Electromotor 5 is installed in the below of frame 1 discharge port end, belt pulley 6 is fixed on the frame 1 by Pulley shaft 7, support, runner on the electromotor 5 is connected with belt pulley 6 usefulness belts, the belt pulley coaxial sprocket 8 and the belt pulley 6 coaxial outsides that are fixed on charging aperture 4 ends one methods, rack 1; Double-stranded wheel is made up of the hinge wheel 11, the minor sprocket 10 that are weldingly fixed in the rotating shaft 9 of double-stranded wheel, hinge wheel 11 is fixed on frame 1 outside, belt pulley coaxial sprocket 8 top positions in the outside by the rotating shaft 9 of two strands wheel at inboard, minor sprocket 10, and belt pulley coaxial sprocket 8 is connected with hinge wheel 11 usefulness chains in double-stranded the wheel; Auger rotating shaft 12 is installed in two strands wheel oblique upper position, and auger sprocket wheel 13 is installed in the auger rotating shaft 12, and auger sprocket wheel 13 is connected with minor sprocket 10 usefulness chains in double-stranded the wheel.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, auger defloration device mainly comprises auger rotating shaft 12, auger sprocket wheel 13, camshaft drive sprocket 19, camshaft sprocket wheel 20, lever bracket 21, tendril branch cutting blade 22, eccentric wheel 23, camshaft 24 and the auger that is made of auger cylinder 25, auger blade 26, caltrop group 27.Iron sheet auger shell cylindraceous is installed, the sealing of auger shell feed inlet end outside auger; The other end is an opening, as the outlet of the tendril branch after the cutting.Bottom design at the auger shell has a slot outlet 28, as the lupulus under plucking and the outlet of broken blade.A plurality of auger blades 26 are welded on the auger cylinder 25, and the end of two whenever adjacent auger blades 26 is welded with mutual dislocation, leaves the caltrop group 27 of certain interval; Lever bracket 21 usefulness support bars tilt to be installed in position, auger shell top, are fixed on tendril branch cutting blade 22 on the lever bracket 21 and stretch into space between two adjacent caltrop groups 27; Eccentric wheel 23 is fixedly mounted on the camshaft 24 and tendril branch cutting blade 22 corresponding positions.
As shown in Figure 2, the canvas apron device comprises that mainly canvas apron drive sprocket 14, canvas apron are by rotating shaft 18 on movable sprocket 15, canvas apron 16, canvas apron lower rotary shaft 17, the canvas apron, chain.Rotating shaft 18 is fixed on the frame 1 on canvas apron lower rotary shaft 17, the canvas apron, and the canvas apron 16 of seamless link supports by rotating shaft on canvas apron lower rotary shaft 17, the canvas apron 18; Canvas apron drive sprocket 14 is installed in the rotating shaft 9 of double-stranded wheel with double-stranded wheel is coaxial, and canvas apron is installed on the canvas apron in the rotating shaft 18 by movable sprocket 15, is connected with canvas apron drive sprocket 14 with chain.Be installed in that the 19 usefulness chains of the camshaft drive sprocket in the rotating shaft 18 are connected with camshaft sprocket wheel 20 on the canvas apron.
For recovery is mixed in lupulus in the broken blade, one side can vibratory sieve be installed what canvas apron 16 broken blades dropped.

Claims (5)

1. auger type lupulus harvester, mainly be made of transmission device, defloration device, conveying plant three parts, it is characterized in that: transmission device is made up of electromotor (5), belt pulley (6), belt, Pulley shaft (7), belt pulley coaxial sprocket (8), the rotating shaft (9) of double-stranded wheel, minor sprocket (10), hinge wheel (11), auger rotating shaft (12), auger sprocket wheel (13), camshaft sprocket wheel (20), chain; Auger defloration device is formed by auger rotating shaft (12), auger sprocket wheel (13), camshaft drive sprocket (19), camshaft sprocket wheel (20), lever bracket (21), tendril branch cutting blade (22), eccentric wheel (23), camshaft (24) and by the auger that auger cylinder (25), auger blade (26), caltrop group (27) constitute; The canvas apron device is made up of by rotating shaft (18) on movable sprocket (15), canvas apron (16), canvas apron lower rotary shaft (17), the canvas apron, chain canvas apron drive sprocket (14), canvas apron.
Such as claim 1 the auger type lupulus harvester of art, it is characterized in that: electromotor (5) is installed in the below of frame (1) discharge port end, belt pulley (6) is by Pulley shaft (7), support is fixed on the frame (1), runner on the electromotor (5) is connected with belt with belt pulley (6), the belt pulley coaxial sprocket (8) and the coaxial outside that is fixed on charging aperture (4) end one methods, rack (1) of belt pulley (6), double-stranded wheel is by the hinge wheel (11) that is weldingly fixed in the double-stranded wheel rotating shaft (9), minor sprocket (10) is formed, hinge wheel (11) is in the inboard, minor sprocket (10) is fixed on frame (1) outside in the outside and by double-stranded wheel rotating shaft (9), belt pulley coaxial sprocket (8) top position, belt pulley coaxial sprocket (8) is connected with chain with hinge wheel (11) in the double-stranded wheel, auger rotating shaft (12) is installed in two strands wheel oblique upper position, auger sprocket wheel (13) is installed in the auger rotating shaft (12), and auger sprocket wheel (13) is connected with chain with minor sprocket (10) in the double-stranded wheel.
3. auger type lupulus harvester as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: iron sheet auger shell cylindraceous is installed outside auger, and the sealing of auger shell feed inlet end, the other end is an opening, as the outlet of the tendril branch after the cutting; Bottom design at the auger shell has a slot outlet (28), as the lupulus under plucking and the outlet of broken blade; A plurality of auger blades (26) are welded on the auger cylinder (25), and the end of whenever adjacent two auger blades (26) is welded with mutual dislocation, leaves the caltrop group (27) of certain interval; Lever bracket (21) tilts to be installed in position, auger shell top with support bar, is fixed on tendril branch cutting blade (22) on the lever bracket (21) and stretches into space between adjacent two caltrop groups (27); Eccentric wheel (23) is fixedly mounted on camshaft (24) and goes up and the corresponding position of tendril branch cutting blade (22).
4. as claim 2 or 3 described auger type lupulus harvesters, it is characterized in that: rotating shaft (18) is fixed on the frame (1) on canvas apron lower rotary shaft (17), the canvas apron, and the canvas apron of seamless link (16) supports by rotating shaft (18) on canvas apron lower rotary shaft (17), the canvas apron; Canvas apron drive sprocket (14) is installed in the double-stranded wheel rotating shaft (9) with double-stranded wheel is coaxial, and canvas apron is installed in the rotating shaft on the canvas apron (18) by movable sprocket (15), is connected with canvas apron drive sprocket (14) with chain; The camshaft drive sprocket (19) that is installed in the rotating shaft on the canvas apron (18) is connected with camshaft sprocket wheel (20) with chain.
5. auger type lupulus harvester as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: at canvas apron (16) one side broken blade drop vibratory sieve is installed.
CN2010202198669U 2010-05-27 2010-05-27 Auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine Expired - Fee Related CN201758572U (en)

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CN2010202198669U CN201758572U (en) 2010-05-27 2010-05-27 Auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202198669U CN201758572U (en) 2010-05-27 2010-05-27 Auger type humulus lupulus harvesting machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314721A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-25 湖州思达机械制造有限公司 Transmission device for straw shredding device of longitudinal axial flow harvester
CN108934444A (en) * 2018-08-26 2018-12-07 石河子大学 A kind of aspiration screw feeder cutting type safflower recovering device
CN110038691A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 The useless waste dish of height winding tendril class vegetable collects conveyance and its operating method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314721A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-25 湖州思达机械制造有限公司 Transmission device for straw shredding device of longitudinal axial flow harvester
CN103314721B (en) * 2013-05-24 2015-08-12 湖州思达机械制造有限公司 For the transmission device of longitudinal axial flow harvester straw chopping apparatus
CN108934444A (en) * 2018-08-26 2018-12-07 石河子大学 A kind of aspiration screw feeder cutting type safflower recovering device
CN110038691A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-23 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 The useless waste dish of height winding tendril class vegetable collects conveyance and its operating method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110316

Termination date: 20120527