CN102154655A - Normal temperature spraying detergent for aluminum alloy and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Normal temperature spraying detergent for aluminum alloy and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102154655A
CN102154655A CN 201110071503 CN201110071503A CN102154655A CN 102154655 A CN102154655 A CN 102154655A CN 201110071503 CN201110071503 CN 201110071503 CN 201110071503 A CN201110071503 A CN 201110071503A CN 102154655 A CN102154655 A CN 102154655A
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China
Prior art keywords
aluminum alloy
agent
room temperature
high capacity
percent
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CN 201110071503
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102154655B (en
Inventor
赵国胜
王振国
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Huayang Xinxing science and Technology (Tianjin) Group Co., Ltd.
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TIANJIN SUNSHINE NEW TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a normal temperature spraying detergent for aluminum alloy and a preparation method thereof. The detergent comprises the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 1 to 5 percent of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid, 0.5 to 1.5 percent of sodium metasilicate pentahydrate, 5 to 8 percent of sodium gluconate, 5 to 10 percent of heterogeneous alcohol ether, 2 to 7 percent of solubilizing agent, 3 to 8 percent of surfactant, and the balance of water. The detergent can be used at normal temperature, and does not need heating so as to save the energy; the detergent does not corrode the treated aluminum alloy parts, does not leave white spots on the surfaces of the parts, and can increase the brightness of the parts; and the detergent has long service life and low using concentration, is safe and environment-friendly, saves the working time, and improves the working efficiency.

Description

Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to matting, antirust field, especially a kind of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Especially clean for Al alloy parts at cleaning industry, clean the back part and have corrosion soon, especially adopt water base aluminium alloy clean-out system commonly used, the workpiece after the cleaning does not reach the cleaning quality standard-required, not being that greasy dirt can't is washed off clearly, is exactly that workpiece is corroded; And most of workpiece are placed for some time and are just begun variable color after cleaning, had a strong impact on cleaning quality.
By retrieval, the patent documentation relevant with present patent application has following two pieces, be respectively: 1, a kind of aluminium and aluminium alloy clean-out system (CN101012411), by alkylphenol polyoxyethylene (5~25W%), fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (5~25W%), cation-modified alkylphenol polyoxyethylene (1~10W%), the propylene glycol butyl ether (2~10W%), glucose (2~8W%), Starso (1~8W%) and water (40~80W%) form.Product is a light yellow transparent liquid, and density (g/cm3) (proportion) is 1.05 ± 0.02.Adopt ultrasonic wave or pressure injection method to aluminium and aluminium alloy, carry out cleaning in 5~10 minutes at 50~70 ℃.High-detergency (more than 99%), anti-loss of gloss and discoloration-resisting, and realize high-accuracy cleaning, cleaning and passivation are finished simultaneously, simplified conventional treatment process, clean cost and clean reduction by 40%~50% than halohydrocarbon, simultaneously, avoided the harm of leaning solvent, realized innoxious environment-friendly type cleaning environment and operator.2, the present invention relates to a kind of water-soluble washing agent (CN101812695A) that is specifically designed to cleaning aluminum alloy, it is mainly formed and comprises: citric acid: 1~8%; Gluconic acid: 1~8%; Salt of wormwood: 3~12%; Sodium xylene sulfonate: 2~15%; Aluminium inhibiter: 3~12%; Water: surplus.This clean-out system has extremely strong infiltration, dispersion, solubilising, emulsifying effect, and grease, dirt are had good cleansing power, and its degreasing, decontamination washing ability are superpower; Product does not contain mineral ion, and is antistatic, easily rinsing, and noresidue or seldom residual can accomplish that low bubble cleans, and can improve working conditions, and prevents the pollution of the environment; And when cleaning, can protect effectively and be cleaned material surface and do not weather.
The content of above-mentioned two pieces of patent documentations record has the different of essence with present patent application.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of existing technology, and provide a kind of safety, environmental protection, the saving energy, harmless Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent and preparation method thereof, prepared clean-out system does not corrode Al alloy parts, and can increase the light of workpiece, the power of greasy dirt washing at normal temperatures reaches spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent quality standard.
Realize that technical scheme of the present invention is:
The agent of a kind of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity, it constitutes raw material and weight percentage ranges is respectively:
And described solubilizing agent is dipropylene glycol methyl ether.
And described tensio-active agent is a fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether.
The preparation method of a kind of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent, the step of preparation is as follows:
(1) will react water gaging and add in the reactor, between 25-40 ℃, add metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, Sunmorl N 60S, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, be stirred to whole dissolvings;
(2) solubilizing agent of adding reacting weight and tensio-active agent, isomery alcohol ether in reactor continue to stir 30 minutes, and be as clear as crystal once more until solution, keeps 25-30 ℃ of temperature of reaction in the reaction process;
(3) naturally cool to room temperature after reaction is finished, promptly become the agent of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
1, the present invention is the weakly alkaline normal temperature washing agent, and raw materials used is that organic additive, inorganic assistant agent, dispersion agent, emulsifying agent and tensio-active agent are formed, and raw materials used wide material sources, obtains easily, and usage quantity is few, is applicable to large-scale explained hereafter.
2; the simple science of the mechanism of action of the present invention; easy to use; economical and practical; effect is obvious; at first be that selected raw material also can keep very low foam after composite; the various performances of composite back raw material all are enhanced and improve; wherein: disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate can provide stable pH value; metasilicate pentahydrate sodium plays the effect of protection corrosive protection of aluminium alloy erosion; Sunmorl N 60S and isomery alcohol ether have the effect of the greasy dirt of dispersion and the protection metal is not corroded; solubilizing agent 130E and tensio-active agent 129B can work in coordination with the dissolving greasy dirt and reconcile this other raw material of filling a prescription; increase the normal temperature cleaning force and reduce the normal temperature foam, make clean-out system reach best state by the above mechanism of action.
3, the present invention uses simple effects obvious, can be used for high-pressure spraying and uses, and usage quantity is low, not corroding metal.
4, normal temperature of the present invention just can use, and need not heat save energy, uses this liquid to handle the back aluminum alloy spare part is not corroded, and the no hickie in surface is residual and can increase the component light, life cycle is long, and working concentration is low, safety, man-hour is saved in environmental protection, increases work efficiency.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described; Following embodiment is illustrative, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with following embodiment.
Embodiment 1: the agent of a kind of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity, and it constitutes raw material and weight percent is respectively:
The preparation method of a kind of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent, step is as follows:
(1) will react water gaging and add in the reactor, the metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, Sunmorl N 60S, the disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate that add reacting weight between 25-40 ℃ stir, and keep reaction 20 minutes.
(2) in reactor, add again and add solubilizing agent RQ-130E (dipropylene glycol methyl ether) again after isomery alcohol ether and surfactant R Q-129B (fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether) are stirred to fully dissolving, continue to stir 30 minutes, as clear as crystal until solution, keep 35-40 ℃ of temperature of reaction kettle in the reaction process.
(3) reaction naturally cools to room temperature after finishing, and leaving standstill promptly becomes Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature after 25-35 minute and spray lotion clearly
Embodiment 2:
The agent of a kind of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity, it constitutes raw material and weight percent is respectively (is example with the 1000g water-based antirust):
Preparation method's step is same as embodiment 1.
Application example: the Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature that first liquid bath adds embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 by 5% concentration sprays the mixed solution of lotion and water clearly, the aluminum alloy part that need are cleaned is placed in the spray Cleaning for High Capacity equipment, regulate spray pressure 0.3MPa, cleaning temperature is controlled at 25-30 ℃, adjust spray Cleaning for High Capacity equipment streamline travelling speed, the beginning spray Cleaning for High Capacity was controlled at the effective spray time of metal parts 2-3 minute.Second groove used the clear water spray rinsing 1-3 minute.(when the special surface requirement is arranged, after spray Cleaning for High Capacity finishes, can increase the spray rinsing operation).Use hot blast drying then.
Conclusion: Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature sprays lotion clearly can eliminate the foam that produces because of spray automatically in cleaning process, the workpiece surface after the cleaning does not have greasy dirt, do not corrode the requirement of satisfying industrial spray Cleaning for High Capacity.
This Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature sprays the lotion quality standard clearly:
Outward appearance: colourless transparent liquid
Density: 1.058-1.072 (g/100ml)
PH: 3%10-11
Washing power 3% (30 ℃ of temperature): 〉=80%
Foaming properties 30 ℃≤15 (mm)
Working concentration: 2-5%
Spray or soak time: 2-5 minute
Use temperature: normal temperature-50 ℃
At first need to prove: the various components that the embodiment of the invention is used are the commercially available prod.Especially solubilizing agent and tensio-active agent are to adopt Shenzhen Rong Qiang Science and Technology Ltd. product.
The concentration of each material of the present invention is conventional working concentration.

Claims (4)

1. Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity agent is characterized in that: it constitutes raw material and weight percentage ranges is respectively:
2. Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity according to claim 1 agent is characterized in that: described solubilizing agent is dipropylene glycol methyl ether.
3. Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity according to claim 1 agent is characterized in that: described tensio-active agent is a fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether.
4. the preparation method of an Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity as claimed in claim 1 agent, it is characterized in that: the step of preparation is as follows:
(1) will react water gaging and add in the reactor, between 25-40 ℃, add metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, Sunmorl N 60S, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, be stirred to whole dissolvings;
(2) solubilizing agent of adding reacting weight and tensio-active agent, isomery alcohol ether in reactor continue to stir 30 minutes, and be as clear as crystal once more until solution, keeps 25-30 ℃ of temperature of reaction in the reaction process;
(3) naturally cool to room temperature after reaction is finished, promptly become the agent of Aluminum Alloy Room Temperature spray Cleaning for High Capacity.
CN201110071503A 2011-03-23 2011-03-23 Normal temperature spraying detergent for aluminum alloy and preparation method thereof Active CN102154655B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102154655B CN102154655B (en) 2012-09-19

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102719840A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-10 大连三达奥克化学股份有限公司 Cleaning agent for stainless steel-aluminum alloy plate combined electric kettle and preparation method
CN102925910A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-02-13 柳州市恒一环保科技有限公司 Aluminum and aluminum alloy water base type cleaning fluid and manufacturing method thereof
CN102936732A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-20 山东大学 Aluminum alloy die-cast surface cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN105665368A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-15 广东鸿泰科技股份有限公司 Surface cleaning treatment method for aluminum alloy workpiece
CN107988613A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-04 三达奥克化学股份有限公司 Air-conditioning aluminum fin-stock alkalescent cleaning agent and cleaning method
CN109055033A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-12-21 天津普罗米新材料有限公司 A kind of neutral environmentally friendly efficient cleaner
CN111979554A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-11-24 华阳新兴科技(天津)集团有限公司 Rapid cleaning agent for aluminum plate and strip and preparation method and application thereof
CN112281170A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-01-29 安徽鑫诺斯润滑科技有限公司 Environment-friendly neutral aluminum alloy cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN113549928A (en) * 2020-04-23 2021-10-26 成都飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 Aluminum alloy pipe cleaning agent and process method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005344210A (en) * 2004-05-06 2005-12-15 Somakkusu Kk Mold cleaning solution, mold cleaning method and mold cleaning apparatus
CN101407916A (en) * 2008-11-13 2009-04-15 常熟华冶薄板有限公司 Low-alkali non-phosphate degreasing agent

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005344210A (en) * 2004-05-06 2005-12-15 Somakkusu Kk Mold cleaning solution, mold cleaning method and mold cleaning apparatus
CN101407916A (en) * 2008-11-13 2009-04-15 常熟华冶薄板有限公司 Low-alkali non-phosphate degreasing agent

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102719840A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-10 大连三达奥克化学股份有限公司 Cleaning agent for stainless steel-aluminum alloy plate combined electric kettle and preparation method
CN102925910A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-02-13 柳州市恒一环保科技有限公司 Aluminum and aluminum alloy water base type cleaning fluid and manufacturing method thereof
CN102936732A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-20 山东大学 Aluminum alloy die-cast surface cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN102936732B (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-07-02 山东大学 Aluminum alloy die-cast surface cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN105665368A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-15 广东鸿泰科技股份有限公司 Surface cleaning treatment method for aluminum alloy workpiece
CN107988613A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-04 三达奥克化学股份有限公司 Air-conditioning aluminum fin-stock alkalescent cleaning agent and cleaning method
CN109055033A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-12-21 天津普罗米新材料有限公司 A kind of neutral environmentally friendly efficient cleaner
CN113549928A (en) * 2020-04-23 2021-10-26 成都飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 Aluminum alloy pipe cleaning agent and process method
CN111979554A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-11-24 华阳新兴科技(天津)集团有限公司 Rapid cleaning agent for aluminum plate and strip and preparation method and application thereof
CN112281170A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-01-29 安徽鑫诺斯润滑科技有限公司 Environment-friendly neutral aluminum alloy cleaning agent and preparation method thereof

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Owner name: HUAYANG XINXING TECHNOLOGY (TIANJIN) GROUP CO., LT

Free format text: FORMER NAME: TIANJIN SUNSHINE NEW TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 300112, Tianjin, Nankai District red sun Road, No. 42 (Science Park)

Patentee after: Huayang Xinxing science and Technology (Tianjin) Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 300112 building, Xiangyang Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 25

Patentee before: Tianjin Sunshine New Technology Co., Ltd.