CN102094399A - Multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck - Google Patents

Multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102094399A
CN102094399A CN2010105931707A CN201010593170A CN102094399A CN 102094399 A CN102094399 A CN 102094399A CN 2010105931707 A CN2010105931707 A CN 2010105931707A CN 201010593170 A CN201010593170 A CN 201010593170A CN 102094399 A CN102094399 A CN 102094399A
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China
Prior art keywords
garbage
rubbish
sorting
collection
separation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010105931707A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张景辉
刘朝辉
邵兆俊
王文茜
卢丹
韩嵩
孙旭东
蒋玉广
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY WATER CO Ltd
TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY WATER CO Ltd
TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY WATER CO Ltd, TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN ECOLOGY CITY WATER CO Ltd
Priority to CN2010105931707A priority Critical patent/CN102094399A/en
Publication of CN102094399A publication Critical patent/CN102094399A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck which is characterized in that garbage and sundries on a pavement are sucked into a storage box in a carriage through a sweeping and dust suction device, and the garbage is further purified through a magnetic separation device, an air separation device and a dust collector in the box for performing sorting and collection on the garbage. Compared with the prior art, the multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck can simultaneously realize double functions, namely sweeping and sorting of the garbage on the pavement and perform recycling of resources on organic matters and other types of garbage through the sorting and the collection of the garbage, and has the characteristics of strong pertinence, high utilization rate of the resources, high working efficiency, low running cost and no secondary pollution.

Description

A kind of multifunctional garbage separation and collection sweeping machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to sanitation of environment cleaning and refuse classification technical field, be specifically related to the cleaning of pavement garbage and the categorised collection of heavy, middle matter and lightweight pavement garbage, realized organic sorting and the resource recycling that waits rubbish.
Background technology
At present, domestic sweeping machine refuse collection mode is from big suction inlet composting to be drawn in the railway carriage mostly, and rubbish can't be realized categorised collection simultaneously, causes follow-up refuse classification working strength to increase, and is unfavorable for garbage as resource recyclings such as organic matter.A kind of multifunctional complete sucking type sweeping car is disclosed as CN101003968, in the cleaning process of ground, can once finish under ground, the isolated column, the dust suction cleaning of road curb limit rubbish and effective removing of larger particles, but can not realize refuse classification in the cleaning process.CN1555930 and CN201186268 disclose a kind of refuse classification car and Specific gravity type garbage sorting truck respectively, all are a kind of mobile garbage treating apparatus, can carry out refuse classification at the volley and handle, but not possess the refuse sweeping function.In a word, still there is deficiency in these patented technologies, as not possessing refuse sweeping and sorting dual-use function etc. simultaneously, be badly in need of a kind of sweeping machine that is used for pavement garbage cleaning and sorting process at present, refuse sweeping and refuse classification are together with each other, have bad luck sort program after not only having reduced refuse sweeping, and realized the minimizing of pavement garbage source, and be beneficial to the letter sorting of rubbish such as road surface organic matter and the requirement that resource is recycled.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the prior art defective, the object of the invention provides a kind of multifunctional garbage categorised collection sweeping machine, with dust exhaust apparatus, pneumatic separation device, concentration equipment combine with pavement garbage by quality different carry out effective torpedo, raise the efficiency, reduce labour intensity; To the recyclable recycling of rubbish such as organic matter.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention realizes by the following technical solutions: the pavement garbage foreign material are drawn into it in railway carriage storage bin by the cleaning dust absorption device, purify by the concentration equipment in the case, pneumatic separation device, deduster and carry out the refuse classification collection, wherein the separate waste collection device comprises dust exhaust apparatus, concentration equipment, gravitational settling, pneumatic separator.Promptly will mix pavement garbage by dust exhaust apparatus and be transported to charging aperture, lower end, charging aperture place is provided with drum-type magnetic force baffle plate, and the heavy foreign material drop to the heavy storage bin by the self gravitation sedimentation, by the magnetic force baffle plate roll will in, the lightweight refuse classification comes out.Light material is deposited in the sedimentation negative pressure box, and the bottom is provided with blower fan light material is entered lightweight storage bin (paper, polybag, leaf, foam) with air-flow, realizes second level separation.Dust and fine particle in the sedimentation negative pressure box are entered filter drum type precipitator with air-flow through centrifugal fan purify, the exhaust duct that enters into disposal box is discharged; Make railway carriage pollution-free, realize that the third level separates.Iron rubbish directly is adsorbed onto on the drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (electromagnetic type) by magneticaction, comes off automatically after drum-type magnetic force baffle plate loses magnetism because of outage, realizes the disposable centralized collection of iron rubbish.This sweeping machine is equipped with back spray sprinkler device, can clean road curb etc., has the dedusting effect simultaneously concurrently.
Benefit of the present invention: this multifunctional garbage separation and collection sweeping machine has been realized the cleaning and the refuse classification dual-use function of pavement garbage simultaneously, the separate waste collection device is effectively with the recyclable utilization in the rubbish and refuse classification that can not recycle, can improve recycling efficient, prevent the secondary pollution that produces in refuse sweeping and the assorting room, and greatly reduce hand labor intensity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 multifunctional garbage separation and collection sweeping machine schematic diagram
The 1-car body; The 2-sweep-up pipe; The 3-charging aperture; 4,5,6-drum-type magnetic force baffle plate;
The 7-filter drum type precipitator; The 8-exhaust duct; The 9-centrifugal fan;
10-lightweight storage bin; 11-heavy storage bin; Matter storage bin among the 12-;
The 13-water tank; Spray sprinkler device behind the 14-; 15-rubbish ash bin; 16,17-small-sized fan;
18-sedimentation negative pressure box; The 19-disposal box
The specific embodiment
Utilize sweep-up pipe on the multifunctional road sweeper (2) that compostings such as road surface dust, the scraps of paper, leaf, iron nail are arrived charging aperture (3) through line transportation, fine particle enters sedimentation negative pressure box (18).But pavement garbages such as the iron nail of magnetic separation are provided with drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (electromagnetic type) (4) by the charging aperture lower end to be adsorbed, and cleaning work to be finished carries out centralized collection after the outage; Heavy rubbish falls into heavy garbage collection box (11) by the direct gravitational settling in drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (4) back; Middle matter and lightweight rubbish carry out the next stage sorting under drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (4) rolls clockwise, middle matter rubbish falls into matter garbage collection box (12) by the direct gravitational settling in drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (5) back; Lightweight rubbish carries out the next stage sorting again under drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (5) rolls clockwise, by the direct gravitational settling in drum-type magnetic force baffle plate (6) back, fall into lightweight garbage collection box (10).By pneumatic separator, refuse collection storage bin two ends are provided with 2 little blower fans (16), (17), will drop on that dust, fine particle and light weight sundries blow afloat in the storage bin slit; Enter filter drum type precipitator (7) with air-flow through centrifugal fan (9) air blowing and purify, fine particle and dust will be deposited in the disposal box (19); In purifying, discharge, make it the interior no dust of case and fly upward, discharge gas the air non-secondary pollution with its gas exhaust duct (8).In the compartment of this sweeping machine water tank is installed, and is equipped with back spray sprinkler device (14), can clean, have the dedusting effect simultaneously concurrently road curb etc.

Claims (6)

1. a multifunctional garbage separation and collection sweeping machine comprises portable car body, water tank, back spray sprinkler device, refuse classification gathering-device, and wherein the refuse classification gathering-device is by dust exhaust apparatus, concentration equipment, and pneumatic separator and refuse classification storage bin are formed.It is characterized in that: pavement garbage is drawn into it in railway carriage storage bin by dust exhaust apparatus, purify by concentration equipment, pneumatic separation device, deduster again and carry out sorting, rubbish after the sorting enters the separate waste collection case, has especially realized organic solid waste sorting and resource recyclings such as leaf, the scraps of paper.
2. multifunctional garbage separation and collection sweeping machine according to claim 1, but it is characterized in that pavement garbage collection kind comprises magnetic separation rubbish, as iron nail, iron jar bottle, screw, iron bottle cap; Heavy rubbish is as little fragment of brick, blinding; Middle matter rubbish is as dirt sand; Lightweight rubbish is as leaf, wood chip, waste paper sheet.
3. according to the described dust exhaust apparatus of claim 1, it is characterized in that sweep-up pipe sucks charging aperture with ground dust and heavy foreign material, middle matter foreign material, light weight sundries, sucks the sedimentation negative pressure box by the wind-force negative pressure.
4. concentration equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that charging aperture is transported to drum-type magnetic force baffle plate with pavement garbage, enters the magnetic separation pretreatment stage, and tumbling-type magnetic force baffle plate is with effective sortings of rubbish such as iron nail, irony bottle caps clockwise; Heavy foreign material such as nonferrous metal goods, blinding etc., fall into realization separation in the heavy foreign material storage bin by gravitational settling, the wind-force that produces when matter and lightweight rubbish rotate by tumbling-type magnetic force baffle plate simultaneously carries out the next stage sorting, finally realizes the categorised collection of heavy, middle matter, lightweight rubbish.
5. pneumatic separator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that sweep-up pipe enters the sedimentation negative pressure box and is pumped into negative pressure, do not drop on rubbish in the collecting box by 2 small-sized fans with dust, blow afloat than granule and lightweight rubbish, enter in the lightweight garbage collection box as paper, polybag, paper, some dust are blown through centrifugal fan with air-flow and are entered the filter drum type precipitator purification, realize dust separation, make it non-secondary pollution in the compartment; After purifying, deduster discharges by backwind tube, and not contaminated to outer air.
6. back according to claim 1 spray sprinkler device is characterized in that being equipped with in the compartment water tank, can clean road curb etc., has the dedusting effect simultaneously concurrently.
CN2010105931707A 2010-12-17 2010-12-17 Multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck Pending CN102094399A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105931707A CN102094399A (en) 2010-12-17 2010-12-17 Multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105931707A CN102094399A (en) 2010-12-17 2010-12-17 Multifunctional garbage sorting and collecting sweeper truck

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103334397A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-02 夏志国 Self-absorbed automatic decomposition machine
CN104727256A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 舞钢市宇达节能冶金材料有限公司 Mechanical small-size ground cleaning machine
CN105755970A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-13 杨明华 Cleaning device for bridge pavement
CN105803953A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 吴江玲 Damping-type bridge pavement cleaning device
CN105862629A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 王启先 Bridge road surface cleaning device control system
CN105862630A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 杨明华 Illuminable bridge pavement cleaning device
CN105862631A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 杨明华 Bridge road surface cleaning assembly
CN105862628A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 吴江玲 Bridge pavement cleaning device with adjustable travelling speed
CN105887744A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-24 安庆市宇控电子科技有限公司 Leaf cleaning device
CN105926505A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-07 杨明华 Bridge pavement cleaning device capable of being limited
CN105926501A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-07 吴江玲 Dust removing type bridge pavement cleaning equipment
CN105926506A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-07 杨明华 Solar bridge pavement cleaning device
CN106000881A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 安庆市宇控电子科技有限公司 Street leaf treatment device
CN106824781A (en) * 2016-12-24 2017-06-13 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Garbage separator and sweeping machine
CN107700405A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-02-16 北京京环装备设计研究院有限公司 The Geldart-D particle and dust pelletizing system of a kind of road sweeper
CN108086225A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-29 湖北国苗特种车辆制造有限公司 For the automatic sorting dustbin of vacuum dust collecting truck
CN108343011A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-31 曾淑敏 A kind of novel bridge construction road surface cleaning equipment
CN109338968A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-02-15 浙江交工高等级公路养护有限公司 Road cleaner
CN111794161A (en) * 2020-07-06 2020-10-20 张敏 Multifunctional road sweeper
CN113073594A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-07-06 浙江威盾机械科技有限公司 Street fallen leaf recycling system and using method thereof
CN113679299A (en) * 2021-09-10 2021-11-23 湖南炬神电子有限公司 Dust box structure of sweeping robot capable of preventing garbage from falling
CN114032832A (en) * 2021-12-11 2022-02-11 大庆珑达建工集团有限公司 Road cleaning device is used in municipal works construction of convenient automated management
CN114176455A (en) * 2021-12-22 2022-03-15 陈思盛 Intelligent dust collection device with classification function

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CN201150916Y (en) * 2008-01-31 2008-11-19 李怡 Density separation type garbage sorting device
CN101392503A (en) * 2008-11-02 2009-03-25 张珉 Multifunction road sweeper
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CN101613999A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-30 纪成明 Dust removal and suction collecting cleaner
US7654478B1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2010-02-02 Lehmann Leroy C Trash harvester apparatus and method
CN201574369U (en) * 2009-10-24 2010-09-08 佘磊 Pneumatic magnetic separation sweeper
CN202090314U (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-12-28 天津生态城环保有限公司 A sweeping vehicle having a function of separate waste collection

Patent Citations (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2578389Y (en) * 2002-10-24 2003-10-08 宋振杰 Road-sweeping lorry
CN1555930A (en) * 2004-01-12 2004-12-22 重庆大学 Garbage sorting car
US7654478B1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2010-02-02 Lehmann Leroy C Trash harvester apparatus and method
CN201150916Y (en) * 2008-01-31 2008-11-19 李怡 Density separation type garbage sorting device
CN101392503A (en) * 2008-11-02 2009-03-25 张珉 Multifunction road sweeper
CN201346539Y (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-11-18 天津百利阳光环保设备有限公司 Domestic garbage precise sorting disposing system
CN101613999A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-30 纪成明 Dust removal and suction collecting cleaner
CN201574369U (en) * 2009-10-24 2010-09-08 佘磊 Pneumatic magnetic separation sweeper
CN202090314U (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-12-28 天津生态城环保有限公司 A sweeping vehicle having a function of separate waste collection

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103334397A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-02 夏志国 Self-absorbed automatic decomposition machine
CN103334397B (en) * 2013-07-02 2015-08-05 夏志国 Self-priming automatic classifying machine
CN104727256A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-24 舞钢市宇达节能冶金材料有限公司 Mechanical small-size ground cleaning machine
CN105926506A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-07 杨明华 Solar bridge pavement cleaning device
CN105803953A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 吴江玲 Damping-type bridge pavement cleaning device
CN105862629A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 王启先 Bridge road surface cleaning device control system
CN105862630A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 杨明华 Illuminable bridge pavement cleaning device
CN105862631A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 杨明华 Bridge road surface cleaning assembly
CN105862628A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 吴江玲 Bridge pavement cleaning device with adjustable travelling speed
CN105926505A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-07 杨明华 Bridge pavement cleaning device capable of being limited
CN105926501A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-07 吴江玲 Dust removing type bridge pavement cleaning equipment
CN105755970A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-13 杨明华 Cleaning device for bridge pavement
CN105887744A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-24 安庆市宇控电子科技有限公司 Leaf cleaning device
CN106000881A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 安庆市宇控电子科技有限公司 Street leaf treatment device
CN106824781A (en) * 2016-12-24 2017-06-13 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Garbage separator and sweeping machine
CN106824781B (en) * 2016-12-24 2021-08-10 长沙普罗科环境装备有限责任公司 Garbage separator and sweeping machine
CN107700405A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-02-16 北京京环装备设计研究院有限公司 The Geldart-D particle and dust pelletizing system of a kind of road sweeper
CN108086225A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-29 湖北国苗特种车辆制造有限公司 For the automatic sorting dustbin of vacuum dust collecting truck
CN108343011A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-31 曾淑敏 A kind of novel bridge construction road surface cleaning equipment
CN109338968A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-02-15 浙江交工高等级公路养护有限公司 Road cleaner
CN111794161A (en) * 2020-07-06 2020-10-20 张敏 Multifunctional road sweeper
CN113073594A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-07-06 浙江威盾机械科技有限公司 Street fallen leaf recycling system and using method thereof
CN113679299A (en) * 2021-09-10 2021-11-23 湖南炬神电子有限公司 Dust box structure of sweeping robot capable of preventing garbage from falling
CN114032832A (en) * 2021-12-11 2022-02-11 大庆珑达建工集团有限公司 Road cleaning device is used in municipal works construction of convenient automated management
CN114176455A (en) * 2021-12-22 2022-03-15 陈思盛 Intelligent dust collection device with classification function

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Application publication date: 20110615