CN102094370A - City fast lane - Google Patents

City fast lane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102094370A
CN102094370A CN2009101887596A CN200910188759A CN102094370A CN 102094370 A CN102094370 A CN 102094370A CN 2009101887596 A CN2009101887596 A CN 2009101887596A CN 200910188759 A CN200910188759 A CN 200910188759A CN 102094370 A CN102094370 A CN 102094370A
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China
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road
grades
motor vehicle
roads
crossing
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CN2009101887596A
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Chinese (zh)
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叶盛东
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Abstract

The invention relates to a safe and fast traffic law scheme which has a lower cost and is associated with city road construction, motor vehicles, non-motor vehicles, pedestrians, animals and the like. The scheme is characterized in that motor vehicle lanes are divided into low-speed lanes at levels 0, 1, 2 and 3, intermediate-speed lanes at levels 4, 5 and 6 and high-speed lanes at levels 7, 8, 9 or higher; and man-vehicle separation guardrails are arranged so that the occurrence of traffic accidents is greatly controlled by means of the man-vehicle separation. The roads at different levels are intersected, the roads at same level are not intersected, the roads at odd-even levels are intersected, the roads at odd levels are not intersected and the roads at even levels are not intersected; and simply constructed flyovers occupy small floor space and have lower height so that the security is enhanced and the construction cost is saved. The junctions are divided into three-road junctions, T-shaped junctions, crossings (with monitoring systems), annular junctions, junctions with five roads, six roads, seven roads, eight roads, nine roads and above, and the like. The traditional motor vehicle signal lamps, non-motor vehicle signal lamps and pedestrian crossing signal lamps are cancelled so that the time is saved and the efficiency is improved. At the T-shaped junctions and the crossings, the motor vehicles can run according to the arrival time; the right-turn motor vehicles allow the straight-through motor vehicles to run first; if two motor vehicles going straight arrive at a waiting line at the same time, the motor vehicle on the road at the lower level allows the motor vehicle on the road at the higher level to run first; therefore, the city traffic runs safely, orderly and rapidly. The non-motor vehicles, the pedestrians, the animals and the like advance on the non-motor vehicle lanes and the sidewalks and utilize skywalks and underground passages for crossing roads.

Description

Fast road, city
(1) technical field
Patent of the present invention relates to a kind of city road constitution and vehicle, pedestrains safety, traffic method fast, and urban traffic is no longer blocked up.
(2) background technology
Along with development and national economy, the quantity of automobile sharply increases, traffic accident and traffic jam frequently take place in existing urban road, the traffic lights serious waste people's quality time, China Shenzhen city with about 1,400 ten thousand populations is an example, morning 7:00 to 9:00, noon 12:00 to 14:00, bus on dusk 17:00 to the 19:00 road, taxi, car, lorry, bicycle and pedestrian, rider's great majority are poured into the street, traffic congestion, traffic is at a standstill especially in bustling shopping street, 1 crossroad traffic lights even need to wait for that 4 signal periods just pass through! With the bus is example: Luohu District to Futian District needs more than 1 hour, to Nanshan District more than 2 hours, to Baoan District more than 3 hours, the full citizen of Shenzhen wait for that traffic lights waste about 3,000 ten thousand hours every day, annual waste 10,000,000,000 hours, was each city annual waste of wait traffic lights of the whole nation amounted to RMB trillion yuan far more than greater than 30,000 hundred million hours? this road present situation that causes traffic accident, waste plenty of time, loss human and material resources is easily seriously restricting social economy and is further developing.
(3) summary of the invention
Patent of the present invention belongs to traffic law schemes safely and fast such as a kind of urban road construction and motor vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian, animal.It is characterized in that: the motorway rank is divided into: low Fast Moving Vehicle Lanes such as 0 grade, 1 grade, 2 grades, 3 grades; Fast Moving Vehicle Lane in 4 grades, 5 grades, 6 grades etc.; 7 grades, 8 grades, speed way such as (contain 9 grades) more than 9 grades are provided with people's car and separate guardrail, and human and vehicle shunting has greatly been controlled the generation of traffic accident.Different level road intersects, and road at the same level is non-intersect; The odd even level intersects, and is strange and strange, idol is non-intersect with idol level road, and simple overpass bridge floor space is little, highly lower, strengthen degree of safety, saving construction cost.The crossing is divided into: the junction of three roads, T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system), road circuits, five forks in the road, six forks in the road, seven forks in the road, rice word crossing, the nine above crossings of trouble (containing nine troubles) etc.Cancel existing motor vehicle signal lamp, bicycle signal lamp, pedestrian crosswalk signal lamp, save time, raise the efficiency.In T shape crossing, crossroad: motor vehicle arrives first in advance, the motor vehicle of turning right makes the motor vehicle of keeping straight on current earlier, when both sides were fares such as craspedodrome motor vehicle and arrival simultaneously, subordinate's road automobile allowed higher level's road automobile in advance, made urban traffic safety, orderly, operation fast.Bicycle, pedestrian, animal etc. are travelled on nonmotorized vehicle lane, sidewalk, by the crossing or cross go away capable overline bridge or cross the street underground passage of road.
(4) description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing fast road, patent of the present invention city is described further, but is not limited to shown in the accompanying drawing
Fig. 1 is about 4 square kilometres of downtown roads figure in fast road, patent of the present invention city
Fig. 2 is about 1 square kilometre of downtown roads figure in fast road, patent of the present invention city
Fig. 3 is about 1/4 square kilometre of downtown roads figure in fast road, patent of the present invention city
Fig. 4 is the bent angle road figure in fast road, patent of the present invention city
Fig. 5 is the junction of three roads figure in fast road, patent of the present invention city
Fig. 6 is the seven trouble road circuits figure in fast road, patent of the present invention city
(5) specific embodiment
Patent city road constitution of the present invention and vehicle, pedestrains safety traffic plan are fast divided two big classes: the first: the country traffic law of implementation is decided to be vehicle, the pedestrian keeps to the right at road; It two is: the country traffic law of implementation is decided to be vehicle, pedestrian in two kinds of forms such as road keep left, for example patent of the present invention is described in further detail with the scheme of keeping to the right below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but is not limited to shown in the accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1: in conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 3, fast road, patent of the present invention city, road are divided into motorway (21), nonmotorized vehicle lane (22) and sidewalk (23), and it is current that motor vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian carry out the shunting, are provided with people's car and separate guardrail (24).
The motorway rank is divided into: 0 grade, 1 grade (1), 2 grades (2), 3 grades (3), 4 grades (4), 5 grades (5), 6 grades (6), 7 grades (7), 8 grades (8), (contain 9 grades) more than 9 grades etc.:
0 grade is unidirectional (or two-way) (or 2 tracks) tunnels, 1 track (25), mainly connects 1 grade, road more than 1 grade, auxilliary road and garage, parking lot, petrol filling station, Automobile Service Factory;
1 grade is two-way 2 tracks;
2 grades is two-way 4 tracks;
3 grades is two-way 6 tracks;
4 grades is two-way 8 tracks, and wherein a side main stem is 3 tracks, and auxilliary road is 1 track;
5 grades is two-way 10 tracks, and wherein a side main stem is 3 tracks, and auxilliary road is 2 tracks;
6 grades is two-way 12 tracks, and wherein a side main stem is 4 tracks, and auxilliary road is 2 tracks;
7 grades is two-way 14 tracks, and wherein a side main stem is 5 tracks, and auxilliary road is 2 tracks;
8 grades is two-way 16 tracks, and wherein a side main stem is 6 tracks, and auxilliary road is 2 tracks;
9 grades is two-way 18 tracks, and wherein a side main stem is 6 tracks, and auxilliary road is 3 tracks; By that analogy ...
Embodiment 2: in conjunction with Fig. 2, and fast road, patent of the present invention city, different level road intersects, and road at the same level is non-intersect; The odd even level intersects, strange and strange, even and even level road is non-intersect, for example: 1 grade of road and 2 grades, 4 grades, 6 grades, 8 grades roads intersect, 2 grades of roads and 1 grade, 3 grades, 5 grades, 7 grades roads intersect, 3 grades of roads and 1 grade, 3 grades, 5 grades, 7 grades roads are non-intersect, and 4 grades of roads and 2 grades, 4 grades, 6 grades, 8 grades roads are non-intersect etc.
Infall is that crossroad (13) (14) (15) (16) is provided with monitoring system between 1 grade of 2 grades of 3 grades of 4 grades of road, and 5 grades 6 grades 7 grades 8 grades (contain 9 grades) more than 9 grades between the road intersection is a simple overpass bridge (9) (10) (11) (12); Between 1 grade 2 grades 3 grades 4 grades and 5 grades 6 grades 7 grades 8 grades is T shape crossing (17) (18) (19) (20).The high road of rank in the above, the low road of rank is below; The road construction structure that the overpass bridge department level is not low is lower than the ground line certain depth, and the not high road construction structure of overpass bridge department level is the plane certain altitude above Ground.
Embodiment 3: fast road, patent of the present invention city, the crossing is divided into: the junction of three roads (Fig. 5), T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system), road circuits, five forks in the road, six forks in the road, seven forks in the road, rice word crossing, the nine above crossings of trouble (containing nine troubles) etc.
For geographical environment limit to or urban redevelopment in exist the bent angle road (Fig. 4: a. less than 90 the degree, b. equal 90 degree, c. greater than 90 degree), five forks in the road, six forks in the road, seven forks in the road (Fig. 6), rice word crossing, the nine above crossings of trouble (containing nine troubles) etc., two cover building schemes are arranged:
One, according to the traffic in past, present vehicle flowrate, development trend in the future if average daily traffic volume is little, then is designed to road circuits (Fig. 6).Its two, if average daily traffic volume is big, be all kinds of simple overpass bridges then: (or down three on three) on following three (or T shape) down last two, down four two, the fourth class on three, following four on four down according to the realization traffic significance level different designs in every branch road.
Embodiment 4: fast road, patent of the present invention city, cancel existing motor vehicle signal lamp, bicycle signal lamp, pedestrian crosswalk signal lamp;
Keep lane signal lamp, direction instruction signal lamp, flash of light warning light, road and railway plane intersection signal lamp.
Traffic sign is divided into: Warning Mark, caution sign, prohibitory sign, fingerpost, tourist district's sign, road construction safety sign and auxiliary sign are provided with the place ahead lateral road rank sign at 100 meters of distance junction ahead.
Road traffic marking is divided into: indicate graticule, warn graticule, forbid graticule.
Embodiment 5: in conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 3, and fast road, patent of the present invention city, the tricycle, electric bicycle that forbid tractor, motorcycle, install power set additional are current.
Battery truck, three-wheeled motor car, wheeled special-purpose machinery car, articulated bus, the motor vehicles of hanging trailer car and other design F-Zero deficiency entirely must not enter the middle Fast Moving Vehicle Lane (4) (5) (6) or the speed way (7) (8) of respective specified.
The motor vehicle drawbar trailer should be up to specification, large-scale, medium-sized passenger car, and low-speed truck, three-wheeled motor car and other motor vehicles must not drawbar trailers.
Bus up and down website is located at below the pedestrian overcrossing, and bus is forbidden to travel in 4 grades of main stems that (contain 4 grades) more than the road.
During motor vehicle that traction is broken down, forbidden in 4 grades of main stems that (contain 4 grades) more than the road, to travel.
Non power driven vehicle should travel in nonmotorized vehicle lane (22), and non power driven vehicle is by the crossing or cross road, should walk People's Bank of China's overline bridge (26) or cross the street underground passage.
Tricycle crosses motorway on the highway section, the implementation of should getting off.
Rickshaw, bicycle are forbidden manned.
When disabled person's combustion-motor-driven wheelchairs travelled in nonmotorized vehicle lane, F-Zero must not be above 15 kilometers.
Control animal-drawn vehicle, should use taming livestock; When controlling animal-drawn vehicle and crossing road, control the people traction livestock of should getting off.
Embodiment 6: in conjunction with Fig. 3, fast road, patent of the present invention city, the psychotropic substances or the narcotics of national control drunk, taken to vehicle driver, perhaps suffers from the disease that hinders the safe driving motor vehicle, perhaps overtiredly influence safe driving, must not drive motor vehicle.
The motor vehicle loading must not surpass the charge material amount of appraising and deciding on the vehicle registration certificate, and cargo length, width, height must not exceed the compartment.
Motor vehicle is manned must not to surpass the number of appraising and deciding.
Forbid being lower than the qualification speed of a motor vehicle or drive over the speed limit (except the special circumstances).
Do not have demonstrate,prove and drive motor vehicle.
The rider must not carry dangerous goods such as inflammable and explosive, must not shed article outside car, behavior that must not influential driver's safe driving.
The pedestrian should walk in sidewalk (23), by the crossing or cross road, should walk People's Bank of China's overline bridge (26) or cross the street underground passage.
Embodiment 7: fast road, patent of the present invention city, night running or travel in the highway section of causing danger easily, and meet severe cold, sweltering heat, sand and dust, hail, typhoon, rain, snow, mist, etc. during weather conditions or during low visibility, should reduce travel speed.
At rainwater, snowfield, freeze, when frost, muddy travels down, should guarantee to keep under safety, the unimpeded principle the safe speed of a motor vehicle, safe distance between vehicles current.
Embodiment 8: in conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 3, and fast road, patent of the present invention city, 0 grade of unidirectional (or two-way) (or 2 tracks) tunnel, 1 track (25), vehicle running speed is 0-10 kilometer per hour, in (27), the resident residential community (27), motor vehicle should run at a low speed, and dodges the pedestrian in institute of unit;
1 grade of two-way 2 track (1), vehicle running speed is 10-20 kilometer per hour;
2 grades of two-way 4 tracks (2), vehicle running speed is 20-40 kilometer per hour;
3 grades of two-way 6 tracks (3), vehicle running speed is 30-60 kilometer per hour;
4 grades of two-way 8 tracks (4), vehicle running speed is 40-80 kilometer per hour in the main stem;
5 grades of two-way 10 tracks (5), vehicle running speed is 50-100 kilometer per hour in the main stem;
6 grades of two-way 12 tracks (6), vehicle running speed is 60-120 kilometer per hour in the main stem;
7 grades of two-way 14 tracks (7), vehicle running speed is 70-140 kilometer per hour in the main stem;
8 grades of two-way 16 tracks (8), vehicle running speed is 80-160 kilometer per hour in the main stem;
9 grades of two-way 18 tracks, vehicle running speed is 90-180 kilometer per hour in the main stem; By that analogy ...
Embodiment 9: in conjunction with Fig. 3, and fast road, patent of the present invention city, the motor vehicle speed limit is kept straight on;
The decelerations such as preceding, curved preceding (Fig. 4), deceleratuib lane, ring road of turning right are gone slowly;
At T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system) vehicle arrives first in advance;
The motor vehicle time-out of turning right is waiting fare (28) to allow the motor vehicle of craspedodrome current earlier in addition;
When both sides were fare such as craspedodrome motor vehicle and arrival simultaneously (28), subordinate's road automobile allowed higher level's road automobile in advance;
The motor vehicle that need turn around is turned right at previous crossing, turn right and get final product in next crossing;
The motor vehicle that need turn left is turned right at previous crossing, turning right in next crossing, turns right and get final product in next crossing;
No parking on fast road, city, move backward, turn around, reverse driving; Forbid on ring road, acceleration lane or deceleratuib lane, overtaking other vehicles;
When meeting traffic-police's floor manager, should be current according to traffic-police's commander.
The city was built etc. again after fast road, patent of the present invention city was applicable to new town roading, design, construction and old urban area reconstruction, enlarging and mature city removal, transformation and earthquake.

Claims (9)

1. safety such as lower-cost urban road construction and motor vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian, animal, traffic law scheme fast.
2. road construction according to claim 1 and traffic safety code, " traffic method " is defined as vehicle, the pedestrian keeps to the right at road in the country that it is characterized in that carrying out (or area).
3. road construction according to claim 1 and traffic safety code, " traffic method " is defined as vehicle, the pedestrian keeps left at road in the country that it is characterized in that carrying out (or area).
4. road construction according to claim 2 is characterized in that the motorway rank is divided into: low Fast Moving Vehicle Lanes such as 0 grade, 1 grade, 2 grades, 3 grades; Fast Moving Vehicle Lane in 4 grades, 5 grades, 6 grades etc.; 7 grades, 8 grades, speed way such as (contain 9 grades) more than 9 grades are provided with people's car and separate guardrail; Different level road is crossing, and road at the same level is non-intersect, and the odd even level is crossing, and strange and strange, even and even level road is non-intersect.
5. urban road rank according to claim 4 is characterized in that the crossing is divided into: the junction of three roads, T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system), road circuits, five forks in the road, six forks in the road, seven forks in the road, rice word crossing, the nine above crossings of trouble (containing nine troubles) etc.No motor vehicle signal lamp, bicycle signal lamp, pedestrian crosswalk signal lamp.
6. traffic safety code according to claim 2 is characterized in that the craspedodrome of motor vehicle speed limit, curved front reduction gear; At T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system): motor vehicle arrives first in advance, and the motor vehicle of right-hand bend makes the motor vehicle of keeping straight on current earlier, and when both sides were craspedodrome motor vehicle and arrivals simultaneously and wait fare, subordinate's road automobile allowed higher level's road automobile go ahead of the rest.Bicycle, pedestrian, animal etc. are travelled on nonmotorized vehicle lane, sidewalk, by the crossing or cross go away capable overline bridge or cross the street underground passage of road.
7. road construction according to claim 3 is characterized in that the motorway rank is divided into: low Fast Moving Vehicle Lanes such as 0 grade, 1 grade, 2 grades, 3 grades; Fast Moving Vehicle Lane in 4 grades, 5 grades, 6 grades etc.; 7 grades, 8 grades, speed way such as (contain 9 grades) more than 9 grades are provided with people's car and separate guardrail; Different level road is crossing, and road at the same level is non-intersect, and the odd even level is crossing, and strange and strange, even and even level road is non-intersect.
8. urban road grade according to claim 7 is characterized in that the crossing is divided into: the junction of three roads, T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system), road circuits, five forks in the road, six forks in the road, seven forks in the road, rice word crossing, the nine above crossings of trouble (containing nine troubles) etc.No motor vehicle signal lamp, bicycle signal lamp, pedestrian crosswalk signal lamp.
9. traffic safety code according to claim 3 is characterized in that the craspedodrome of motor vehicle speed limit, curved front reduction gear; At T shape crossing, crossroad (being provided with monitoring system): motor vehicle arrives first in advance, and the motor vehicle of left-hand bend makes the motor vehicle of keeping straight on current earlier, and when both sides were craspedodrome motor vehicle and arrivals simultaneously and wait fare, subordinate's road automobile allowed higher level's road automobile go ahead of the rest.Bicycle, pedestrian, animal etc. are travelled on nonmotorized vehicle lane, sidewalk, by the crossing or cross go away capable overline bridge or cross the street underground passage of road.
CN2009101887596A 2009-12-11 2009-12-11 City fast lane Pending CN102094370A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101887596A CN102094370A (en) 2009-12-11 2009-12-11 City fast lane

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105239478A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 金传华 Transportation network system
CN105256679A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-20 李益安 Five-fork four-deck flyover
CN105672071A (en) * 2016-02-06 2016-06-15 沈钟德 Road in shape like Chinese character 'tian'
CN102704361B (en) * 2012-06-18 2017-03-08 李光谦 It is not provided with the city circulation highway of traffic lights
CN109598952A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-09 驭势科技(北京)有限公司 A kind of method and device controlling traffic lights

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102704361B (en) * 2012-06-18 2017-03-08 李光谦 It is not provided with the city circulation highway of traffic lights
CN105256679A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-20 李益安 Five-fork four-deck flyover
CN105239478A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 金传华 Transportation network system
CN105672071A (en) * 2016-02-06 2016-06-15 沈钟德 Road in shape like Chinese character 'tian'
CN109598952A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-09 驭势科技(北京)有限公司 A kind of method and device controlling traffic lights
CN109598952B (en) * 2018-12-29 2021-04-16 驭势科技(北京)有限公司 Method and device for controlling traffic signal lamp
US11302186B2 (en) 2018-12-29 2022-04-12 Uisee Technologies (beijing) Co., Ltd. Methods and apparatuses for controlling traffic lights

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Application publication date: 20110615