CN101487214A - Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad - Google Patents

Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101487214A
CN101487214A CNA2009100606932A CN200910060693A CN101487214A CN 101487214 A CN101487214 A CN 101487214A CN A2009100606932 A CNA2009100606932 A CN A2009100606932A CN 200910060693 A CN200910060693 A CN 200910060693A CN 101487214 A CN101487214 A CN 101487214A
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road
crossroad
platform
vehicle
center
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CNA2009100606932A
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潘玉恒
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潘玉恒
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Priority to CNA2009100606932A priority Critical patent/CN101487214A/en
Publication of CN101487214A publication Critical patent/CN101487214A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a humanized multifunctional cloverleaf junction for a urban crossroad. Ramps and viaducts are built and erected in sequence or on different divided lanes or by other ways, mainly according to different running directions of the vehicles. The crossing of the vehicles at the crossroad is realized in a way that the vehicles preferentially run upwards and downwards the viaducts; i.e. the vehicles running on the road in different directions can complete all crossings at the crossroad by themselves during the driving process; simultaneously, the cloverleaf junction is provided with a platform and a stair leading to the ground road; furthermore, vehicle travelling routes of different directions are isolatedly arranged by the platform and the road fences, thus overcoming the problems of turning of vehicles running in different directions at the center of the crossroad and the parking of the buses; the design of the cloverleaf junction facilitates the passerby to transfer buses; the ground road of the crossroad is kept for passerby, non-motor vehicles, establishing of parking sites and the like; furthermore, the crossroad cloverleaf junction has the function of transfer center of small passenger transport. The humanized multifunctional cloverleaf junction takes the human as the basis and carries out the creative design, solves plenty of problems that the current cloverleaf junction at the crossroad of the city occupys large land and has complex structure, and can not be compatible with the passerby and non-motor vehicles and the like, saves a large amount of money used for construction and removal, and effectively utilizes the land resources of the crossroad and the road.

Description

Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of road design or layout field, especially relate to a kind of new solution of overpass bridge track circuit, platform design or the field of layout of road right-angled intersection, the present invention is called for short: Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad.
(2) background technology:
Along with the develop rapidly of modern economy, China has striden into the epoch that the individual takes a bus instead of walking, and in order to alleviate the vehicle that the city sharply increases, government generally all passes through a large amount of the removal, and widening road forms road network.But the crossroad for example in the intertwined point of road network, the bottleneck that stops up of urban traffic often, if adopt traditional traffic lights control mode, traffic lights control itself also becomes one of root of traffic jam; So the city intersection grade separationization is subject to people's attention day by day, government do not stint the short-term loan at daily interest huge fund build the large-scale overpass bridge of various ways such as the bigger cloverleaf formula of floor space, annular, rhombus at the parting of the ways.
Through the relevant overpass bridge road design of patent retrieval scheme, a kind of flyover-crossing bridge for vehicle changing road to run in wrong direction is disclosed as patent application 95110220, use the method for lane change bridge in the overpass bridge district, the right side direct motion is become the left side drives in the wrong direction, each road vehicles is taken their own roads, and reasonable diffluence does not have loop ramp.
This overpass bridge realizes that under the situation that loop ramp is not set lane change is retrograde, can make vehicle shunting, overpass bridge has been saved certain floor space, can make vehicle shunting, under the bigger situation of vehicle flowrate, the speed of shunting is limited, easily produces and stops up, stopping a little of no bus, the pedestrian is difficult to pass through the crosspoint, crossroad.
Patent application 01125357 discloses a kind of two-layer intercommunicated overpass with separated traffic lanes and pavements, left turn lane in four tunnel is caused the outer course in left side with bridge crossing, with the same layer in the right-turn lane of people having a common goal's direct motion, insert the track of another axial outlet section after turning to together, with the bridge crossing original position of the left turn lane on each road to intersecting one section road that does not have traffick that the edge, center reserves, do the sidewalk and build pedestrian overcrossing, form ground " ten " font People's Bank of China stereo channel, in the floor space of original path at grade intersection, realize that with two-layer structure the ground stereoscopic of people's car intersects.
Two-layer intercommunication footway and vehicular travelway separated technical scheme is that the left turn lane in four tunnel is caused the outer course in left side with bridge crossing, reach another axial outlet section of overpass bridge, intersect one section road that does not have traffick that the edge, center reserves in addition, do the sidewalk and build pedestrian overcrossing, though realized People's Bank of China's stereo channel, but also improved the construction cost of overpass bridge, also passed through simultaneously and caused great obstruction to non power driven vehicle; In addition, the shunting speed of vehicle pass-through is limited on the overpass bridge, easily produces and stops up.
Interchange viaduct like that, from their some common parts of structure of bridge, overpass bridge is two layers, the upright crunode of traffic route is too concentrated at the parting of the ways, exists slow, the susceptible to plugging phenomenon of vehicle shunting; Simultaneously, the station platform setting is far away from the crossroad, exist the pedestrian by the crossroad, many drawbacks such as the inconvenience of changeing, ride in a bus; In addition, the center floor space is bigger at the parting of the ways for overpass bridge, complex structure, and engineering quantity is big, and the road land utilization ratio is lower.Cause the main cause of above problem to be, traditional overpass bridge is to be main design object by the intersection how with motor vehicles mostly, lack and how to make overall plans in pedestrian and non motorized vehicle a design thinking by the intersection, with China city in populous, following environmental protection again, the target of development is not in tune sustainably.Development practice decades of China's city intersection engineering proves, a pedestrian and non motorized vehicle current problem in the intersection is that urban traffic is stopped up a shortest batten in it " wooden barrel effect ", if can not preferentially solve pedestrian and non motorized vehicle a current problem in the intersection, just can't promote the overall operation benefit of urban highway traffic comprehensively, so, it is how current in the intersection that the overpass bridge road must be paid the utmost attention to pedestrian and non motorized vehicle, take advantage of, change problems such as public transit vehicle, could with modern city rise gradually " day with no cars "---the townsfolk is mainly with non power driven vehicle (bicycle, electric motor car), bus is that main environmental protection mode is gone on a journey and adapted with the target that guarantees the following sustainable development in city.
(3) summary of the invention:
The present invention mainly solves following three traffic technique problems at right-angled intersection:
1, how pedestrian, non power driven vehicle and motor vehicles realize full shunting of people's car and the technical problem by the crossroad;
2, how the motor vehicles of different travel directions realize the technical problem shunting, intersect, turn at the parting of the ways;
3, at the parting of the ways, pedestrian's problem of how conveniently to take, transferring to public transit vehicle.
Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad of the present invention comprises viaduct, ground and underground passage road on the ground, article one, the through vehicles on the arterial highway passes through the crossroad through underground passage, all the other all vehicles all pass through viaduct through the crossroad, it is current that the ground level road at center, crossroad is all made way for pedestrian and non motorized vehicle, thoroughly realize human and vehicle shunting, promptly solved first traffic technique problem.
The present invention program is on the position, left turn lane of the y of cross road direction of principal axis major trunk roads, and become center symmetry, about 350 meters to build a up ring road respectively with the center, crossroad, be connected with viaduct in this leftmost side, arterial highway construction, ring road and left-hand rotation are bent to reverse travelling on the leftmost side viaduct of road on the left-hand bend vehicle, turn left again to the center, crossroad, descend overpass bridge (the other corresponding downstream ring road of building of center, crossroad overpass bridge, down together) then; On the y direction of principal axis, apart from about 250 meters place, right-turn lane, center, crossroad, respectively build a up ring road and viaduct again, the direct motion of right-hand bend vehicle is turned right to the center, crossroad, descends overpass bridge then; In the axial road-center of y, and apart from about 200 meters, center, crossroad, build the underground passage of a two-way Four-Lane Road, the axial through vehicles of y by underground passage to pass through the crossroad; On at the x direction of principal axis, apart from about 300 meters arterial highway, center, crossroad, set up the overpass bridge ring road and the viaduct in (at least) three tracks respectively, left and right turning on this road and through vehicles viaduct on ring road, left-hand bend, direct lane and road, build with the shunting, right-turn lane, the left-hand bend vehicle turns left to the center, crossroad, descends overpass bridge then; Through vehicles center is at the parting of the ways kept straight on, and descends overpass bridge then; The right-hand bend vehicle is turned right to the center, crossroad, descends overpass bridge then; Every through down overpass bridge is to the vehicle of ground level road behind the center, crossroad, on the ground level road or keep straight on or tiltedly wear below the viaduct, recurrence is sailed out of on the arterial highway of crossroad and is travelled; Build so earlier, after build and design that ring road and viaduct are built in the shunting, made full use of the spatial offset advantage between viaduct and the ground level road, vehicle has been realized motor vehicles shunting at the parting of the ways, the problem of intersection of different travel directions in the process of moving in the mode that goes up, closely descends center, crossroad viaduct far away; Simultaneously platform being set on viaduct, is the driving route on each different directions of center arrangement with the platform, with the vehicle that the solves different directions center technical problem of turning at the parting of the ways.
In addition, the viaduct center is provided with a platform that trend is consistent with the x direction of principal axis at the parting of the ways, stops for the public transit vehicle of keeping straight on the x axle; In y direction of principal axis viaduct road-center, respectively a platform that trend is consistent with the y direction of principal axis is set, respectively for the y axle turn left, the public transit vehicle of the left and right turning of x axle stops; At the x direction of principal axis and be by the y axle right-turn lane, be provided with respectively one with the consistent platform of x direction of principal axis trend, the public transit vehicle stop of turning right for the y axle; By the direct lane of y axle subterranean layer passage, perhaps before entering underground passage and be positioned at, a platform parallel with the track is set respectively, the public transit vehicle stop of keeping straight on for the y direction of principal axis on the ground level road position under the overpass bridge bridge of right-hand bend vehicle '; On platform (the platform on ground level road), be provided with the stair that lead to ground level road again respectively, take or transfer to public transit vehicle, solve the 3rd technical problem with this for the pedestrian on the ground level road.
The design scheme of Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad is compared with existing overpass bridge design, has following beneficial effect:
One, a kind of human oriented design scheme of novelty is provided.This programme design is made way for pedestrian and non motorized vehicle to ground level road, has realized that motor vehicles and pedestrian, non power driven vehicle shunt comprehensively, has solved the human and vehicle shunting technical barrier of crossroad on the traffic engineering; Use this programme designs, and can greatly develop the green traffic of environmental protection, realizes urban sustainable development, for example develops bicycle, electromobile lease chain operation etc. in the city, not only can expand employment, and convenient citizens' activities.
Two, the design scheme of a kind of small-sized passenger traffic transfer, shunt centre function is provided.This programme is provided with seven platforms respectively on the side, track of grade separation bridge floor and underground passage, and these platforms concentrate on the center, crossroad, have had the function of small-sized passenger traffic transfer, shunt centre, are particularly useful for the big fundamental realities of the country of China's urban population density.This programme has not only made things convenient for pedestrian or passenger to take or transfer to public transit vehicle in the very little scope in center at the parting of the ways, but also shunted the public transit vehicle on the different directions, avoided bus-stop, crossroad, current city to be provided with too concentrating the bus that the is caused inbound problem that scrambles for roads.
Three, the design scheme that provides a kind of vehicle that partly solves on the different directions to use Correct Lane.This programme do not have vehicle ' directly intersect conflict point, no ring road, no traffic lights, subsidiary have turn round the track in the same way, shunting speed is fast.
Four, provide the design scheme that a kind of center at the parting of the ways floor space is less, can effectively utilize the land resources of urban road itself.The required overpass bridge engineering of this programme is mainly built on the at the parting of the ways peripheral road, and in order to solve the vehicle cross-cutting issue, center at the parting of the ways mainly solves the problem of turn inside diameter; The general path area that has at the parting of the ways about 45 x 45m just can be built, and modern urban road planning major trunk roads can both satisfy; In addition, the ground level road area under the available overpass bridge is built the parking place of certain area quantity, solves the problem of down town parking difficulty;
Five, the technical scheme of the economic benefit of a kind of comprehensive lifting city large-scale crossroad commercial centre is provided.Present design allows ground level road in the pedestrian, simultaneously the crossroad grade separation is designed in order to have certain passenger traffic transfer, the function of shunt centre, urban population, passenger flow have been converged to the utmost, promoted the economic benefit of the commercial centre of crossroad, city, the urban issues of having avoided the development of traditional large-scale overpass bridge periphery commercial economy to subside comprehensively.
(4) description of drawings:
The accompanying drawing of Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad is made of Fig. 1, Fig. 2.Fig. 1 is the graded crossing floor map of overpass bridge, and Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-sectional view of the exemplary position of overpass bridge.In the accompanying drawings, required various facilities of overpass bridge or locus, attachment place size are not drawn in the ratio of actual size size, only show a kind of possibility of design scheme; The facility or the attachment that are on the accompanying drawing to be indicated are only represented the approximate location that it should exist.
Left and right and the left and right turning of indication orientation is to distinguish according to the orientation of vehicle heading in this manual;
In Fig. 1, the city crossroad road is masked as respectively y, x diaxon road, and an axle is further divided into positive and negative both direction.
Among Fig. 1,1,2......34,35,1 ', 2 ' ... 34 ', 35 ' digitized representation vehicle driving road or driving vehicle position; M, N, P, Q, R represent respectively platform set on the viaduct; K1、K 2、K 3、K 4、K 5、K 6For platform leads to surface road The stairs port position; Z1、Z 2、......、Z 13、Z 14Expression connects ring road and the position of ground and viaduct respectively, wherein, and Z1、Z 2、Z 7、Z 11、Z 12、Z 14Be up ring road, Z3、Z 4、Z 5、Z 6、Z 8、Z 9、Z 10、Z 13Be down ramp.
Among Fig. 1, respectively on each surface road major trunk roads 1,10,1 ', 10 ', 11,20,11 ', 20 ' track is for the pedestrian Lead to the pavement of crossroad with non power driven vehicle.
Below, be described specific to each track (except 1,10,1 ', 10 ') travel route or mode:
Y axle positive direction, negative direction through vehicles: on the positive and negative direction of y axle, 7 ', 8 ', the 7, the 8th, keep straight on along the y direction of principal axis The track, the vehicle by the center, crossroad of namely needing on the y axle track road to keep straight on, respectively along 7 on the positive and negative direction of y axle ', 8 ', 7,8 tracks enter underpass, pass through the crossroad and (annotate: in the outside, subterranean layer track, respectively build a platform, for public Hand over vehicle parking, do not show among the figure), respectively from 4,5,4 of the negative, positive direction of y axle ', 5 ' track rolls away from. Y axle positive direction left-hand bend vehicle: 6 'Upper Z14(ring road)Turn left to be bent to 21 '24 ' (or 25 ')Turn left to be bent to 28Lower Z9(ring road)Right-hand rotation is bent to x axle positive direction surface road 15 tracks; Wherein, bus Through 25 ' track, stop platform P; Other motor vehicles travel in 24 ' track.
Y axle negative direction left-hand bend vehicle: 6Upper Z1(ring road)Turn left to be bent to 2124 (or 25)Turn left to be bent to 28 'Lower Z4(ring road)Right-hand rotation is bent to x axle negative direction surface road 15 ' track; Wherein, bus Through 25 tracks, stop platform M; Other motor vehicles travel in 24 tracks.
Y axle positive direction right-hand bend vehicle: 9 'Upper Z12(ring road)23′ Right-hand rotation is bent to 31 ' (or 30 ')Lower Z10(ring road)Surface road x axle negative direction 12 ' or 13 '; Wherein, public transit vehicle is through 31 ' track, bus stop Platform Q; Other motor vehicles travel in 30 ' track.
Revolution vehicle on the y axle positive direction: surface road 9 'Upper Z12(ring road)23 ' turn leftTo 22 'Lower Z13(ring road)To the right arterial highway 2 of surface road ', 3 '; Wherein, 9 ' track is on the y axle positive direction Right-hand bend vehicle driving road is also for turning round in the same way Vehicle Driving Cycle.
Revolution vehicle on the y axle negative direction: surface road 9Upper Z2(ring road)23 turn leftTo 22Lower Z3(ring road)To the right arterial highway 2 of surface road, 3; Wherein, 9 tracks are that right-hand bend vehicle on the y axle negative direction is capable The track is also for turning round in the same way Vehicle Driving Cycle.
X axle positive direction through vehicles: surface road 16 or 17Upper Z7(ring road)34 (bends)Turn left to be bent to 36Turn left, keep straight on to 32 (or 33)29′ Lower Z6(ring road)Turn right to surface road Curving is worn viaduct to 14 ' track of x axle negative direction; Wherein, public transit vehicle is stopped platform N through 33 tracks; Other machine Motor vehicle is travelled in 32 tracks.
X axle negative direction through vehicles: surface road 16 ' or 17 'Upper Z11(ring road)34 ' (bend)Turn left to be bent to 36 'Turn right, keep straight on 32 ' (or 33 ')29 Lower Z8(ring road)To surface road The right-hand rotation curving is through 14 tracks; Wherein, public transit vehicle is stopped platform N through 33 ' track; Other motor vehicles travel 32 ' The track.
X axle positive direction left-hand bend vehicle: surface road 16 or 17Upper Z7(ring road)34 (bends)Turn left 3626 (or 27)22 Lower Z3(ring road)To surface road 3,4 tracks; Wherein, public affairs Hand over vehicle through 26 tracks, stop platform M; Other motor vehicles are through 27 tracks.
X axle negative direction left-hand bend vehicle: surface road 16 ' or 17 'Upper Z11(ring road)34 ' (bend)Turn left to be bent to 36 '26 ' (or 27 ')22′ Lower Z13(ring road)To surface road 2 ', 3 ' track; Wherein, public transit vehicle is stopped platform P through 26 ' track; Other motor vehicles are through 27 ' track.
X axle positive direction right-hand bend vehicle: surface road 18Upper Z7(ring road)34 (craspedodromes)35′ Right-hand rotation is bent to 26 ' (or 27 ')22′ Lower Z13(ring road)To surface road 2 ', 3 ' track; Wherein, Public transit vehicle is stopped platform P through 26 ' track; Other motor vehicles are through 27 ' track.
X axle negative direction right-hand bend vehicle: ground level road 18 Last Z 11(ring road) 34 (craspedodromes) 35 Right-hand rotation is bent to 26 (or 27) 22 Following Z 13(ring road) To ground level road 2,3 tracks; Wherein, public transit vehicle is stopped platform P through 26 tracks; Other motor vehicles are through 27 tracks.
Revolution vehicle on the x axle positive direction: ground level road 19 Walk around Z 7(ring road) front is turned back to 15 or 14 tracks through the overpass bridge below.
Revolution vehicle on the x axle negative direction: ground level road 19 ' Walk around Z 11(ring road) front is turned back to 15 ' or 14 ' track through overpass bridge below.
Among Fig. 1, M, N, P, Q, R are illustrated respectively in the platform of building on the overpass bridge bridge floor, its each platform size can be extended construction according to bus flow size, what Fig. 2 provided only is the schematic diagram that its platform is provided with, the viaduct center is provided with a platform N that trend is consistent with the x direction of principal axis at the parting of the ways, stops for the public transit vehicle of keeping straight on the x axle; In y direction of principal axis viaduct road-center, respectively platform M, a P that trend is consistent with the y direction of principal axis is set, for the y axle turn left, the public transit vehicle of the left and right turning of x axle stops; At the x direction of principal axis and be by the y axle right-turn lane, be provided with respectively one with consistent platform Q, the R of x direction of principal axis trend, the public transit vehicle stop of turning right for the y axle; By the direct lane of y axle subterranean layer passage, a platform parallel with the track (do not have among the figure and show) is set respectively, stop for the public transit vehicle that the y direction of principal axis is kept straight on; Be provided with the stair that lead to ground level road again respectively on platform, take or transfer to public transit vehicle for the pedestrian on the ground level road, its concrete mode of occupation was described in the above.
(5) specific embodiment:
The Building technology of the structure example of Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad such as ring road, underground passage, the overpass bridge body of a bridge etc. all is traditional mature technology, so it is very simple on engineering construction, but consider that will implement the shunting on major trunk roads builds the overpass bridge ring road, requirement crossroad diaxon road width should be about 30 ∽ 45 (rice), and general major urban arterial highway can both satisfy this requirement.If consider reduction construction cost problem, can be arranged on the axial direct lane of y on the ground level road, platform N had both taken the platform of bus as the passenger, use as pedestrian overcrossing again, can save the expense of building underground passage like this.If consider from long-range economic results in society angle, underground passage is built in suggestion, so just the ground level road at center, crossroad is allowed in pedestrian and non motorized vehicle comprehensively, so greatly improved the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle traffic capacity at the parting of the ways, simultaneously, if attached auxilliary facilities such as viaduct on the road in the above-mentioned construction scheme and ring roads by the center, crossroad along the road direction continuation, can increase a large amount of places for adhering to facility in the surface construction parking lot etc., greatly improve the economic benefit of urban road land area.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad, comprise ring road, viaduct, the underground passage facility, the layout that it is characterized in that platform, track circuit and supporting facility: the platform (N) that the public transit vehicle stop of a confession (x axle) road direction craspedodrome is set on center, the overpass bridge bridge floor at the parting of the ways, platform moves towards parallel with this (x axle) road direction; In (the positive and negative direction of X-axis) overpass bridge bridge floor, center, the crossroad outside, respectively be provided with the platform that public transit vehicle that a confession (Y-axis) road turns right stops (Q, R); In another (Y-axis) road direction, the peripheral both sides of center, crossroad overpass bridge bridge floor, a platform (M who supplies the public transit vehicle in the left-hand bend of (Y-axis) road, the left-hand bend of (the positive and negative direction of X-axis) road, the right-hand bend vehicle to stop respectively respectively is set, P), trend is parallel with (Y-axis) road direction; In the both sides, track of (Y-axis) direction underground passage, the platform that a craspedodrome public transit vehicle on this road of confession is stopped is set respectively; Each platform is provided with the stair that lead to ground, and is laid with the two-way traffic circuit at least before the platform of stop public transit vehicle; On (the positive and negative direction of an x axle) road, build earlier up ring road (Z respectively 7, Z 11) and overpass bridge, wherein set up through shunting behind the ring road for the overpass bridge of craspedodrome, left-hand bend vehicle and the overpass bridge of right-hand bend vehicle, lead to center, crossroad overpass bridge respectively, from ring road (Z 7, Z 11) satisfy to the length of the viaduct of crossroad center edge and a ring road to be set and to pass needed road distance from the descending vehicle of ring road from following turning, after center overpass bridge side at the parting of the ways, the shunting build the different directions Vehicular turn to this road driving down ramp (Z 5, Z 8, Z 9, Z 10, Z 6, Z 4); On the left turn lane of another (the positive and negative direction of y axle) ground level road, respectively establish earlier a up ring road (Z who supplies the left-hand bend vehicle to travel 14, Z 1) and cause the viaduct bend of the road leftmost side, form for the left-hand bend vehicle and cross over the overpass bridge track that coaxial major trunk roads enter the overpass bridge reverse driving, wherein from the crossroad center edge to ring road (Z 14, Z 1) to length satisfy respectively be provided with a platform (M, P), ring road (Z 13, Z 3) and from ring road (Z 13, Z 3) descending vehicle passes the needed road distance of viaduct bend; On (the positive and negative direction of y axle) ground level road right-turn lane, after respectively establish a up ring road (Z 12, Z 2); Center overpass bridge side at the parting of the ways, after a down ramp (Z respectively is set again 13, Z 3); On (y direction of principal axis) ground level road, a underground passage that passes through the crossroad is set.
2, according to the described Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad of claim 1, it is characterized in that: no longer build the underground passage that passes through the crossroad on (y direction of principal axis) road, track circuit for straight-line travelling on (y direction of principal axis) road is set directly on the ground level road, platform also is arranged on both sides, track, ground, and the platform (N) that is positioned on center, crossroad, the overpass bridge bridge floor can be used as pedestrian overcrossing.
3, according to the described Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad of claim 1, on (y direction of principal axis) road, be arranged on platform in the underground passage change be arranged on enter underground passage before and be positioned at on the ground level road under the overpass bridge bridge of right-hand bend vehicle '.
CNA2009100606932A 2009-02-06 2009-02-06 Humanized multifunctional intersection for urban crossroad Pending CN101487214A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106677574A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-05-17 张光裕 Urban-road parking place
CN106836892A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-06-13 张光裕 Urban road side parking lot
CN112112020A (en) * 2020-09-27 2020-12-22 解宇星 Right and left running hybrid trunk twist road network system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106836892A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-06-13 张光裕 Urban road side parking lot
CN106677574A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-05-17 张光裕 Urban-road parking place
CN112112020A (en) * 2020-09-27 2020-12-22 解宇星 Right and left running hybrid trunk twist road network system

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