CN102061542A - Method for spinning organic cotton modal composite yarns - Google Patents

Method for spinning organic cotton modal composite yarns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102061542A
CN102061542A CN 201110043530 CN201110043530A CN102061542A CN 102061542 A CN102061542 A CN 102061542A CN 201110043530 CN201110043530 CN 201110043530 CN 201110043530 A CN201110043530 A CN 201110043530A CN 102061542 A CN102061542 A CN 102061542A
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spinning
yarn
cotton
technology
rove
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CN 201110043530
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨广泽
吉宜军
邵国东
乐荣庆
孙如燕
田晶
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SHUANGHONG TEXTILE CO Ltd NANTONG
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SHUANGHONG TEXTILE CO Ltd NANTONG
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for spinning organic cotton modal composite yarns, belonging to the technical field of spinning processes. The method provided by the invention comprises the following working steps of: blowing, carding, drawing, roving, fine spinning and spooling, wherein the heavy-set-weight and high-efficiency cotton spinning process is implemented for the steps of blowing, carding, drawing and roving respectively, and the composite spinning process combing compact spinning and siro spinning for simultaneously feeding and drafting double rough yarns is adopted for the step of fine spinning. The invention adopts the novel process technology combining the compact spinning, the siro spinning and the high-efficiency cotton spinning process technology, and the three technologies make the best of respective advantages and complement one another, and thus, the additional value of the product can be increased, the efficiency is obviously improved, and energy consumption and production cost are reduced. The synchronous development of the product, the technologies and the benefit can be obtained under the condition of basically not increasing investment cost.

Description

A kind of spinning method of organic cotton model complex yarn
Technical field
The present invention relates to the spinning technology field, relate more specifically to the complex yarn spinning technology of organic cotton model.
Background technology
In the tradition spinning process, think light quantitatively, jogging speed, low-producing spinning process be the inevitable approach that guarantees constant product quality, still this steady quality is to be cost than higher input cost and lower output benefit.In recent years, closely spinning process, match network spinning process and the amount of resetting high efficient technology have become the focus of cotton spinning industry and the topic that merits attention.Three kinds of spinning techniques respectively have pluses and minuses, the spinning principle of three kinds of technologies of following brief introduction:
One, tight spinning process spinning principle
The spinning principle of closely spinning is to increase a condensation region between the draw zone of traditional ring throstle and twisting area, utilize negative pressure air that fiber is produced pneumatic concentration effect, those fibre ends that are on the yarn edge can be assembled to the yarn center effectively, finally reduce spinning triangular zone to greatest extent.The effect of this coacervation process makes filoplume minimizing significantly, the single thread force of resultant yarn and extension at break significantly improves, the normal property the sent out fault of resultant yarn also obviously reduces.And the clear and fineness of the friction factor of yarn, the glossiness of fabric, surface-defect number, wear-resistant degree and dyeing etc. has all had the improvement of matter.
But closely the spinning equipment capital fund is big, and the fixed cost height has increased the equipment investment of cotton mill.Except the fibrous index part that has greatly improved, improvement amplitudes such as other index of yarn such as bar do, thick, details are little.
Two, match network spinning process spinning principle
It is to feed two rove with certain spacing on same ingot position that the match network spins, and two rove are drafted respectively, and sliver is after front roller output, because the effect of twisting, two slivers form a spun yarn by twisted together.The sliver that the match network spins is not twisted substantially at the front roller nip place, so there be not so-called " twist triangle zone ", has significantly reduced the flyings in workshop, and through behind the winding procedure, the hairiness ratio compact spinning of match doff still less.The match doff is in twisting process, and the inside and outside degree that shifts of drawing-off is little, fiber alignment rule behind the resultant yarn, and its yarn strength is better than single thread, matches the network spinning technique up to now and is used widely in cotton spinning wool spinning bast fibre spinning system.
But, match network spinning process also has its weak point: in match network spinning process, the drawing-off state of single rove is the twice of the spun yarn number that spins, match the quantitatively little a lot of than traditional spinning process usually of network spinning process, increased the pressure of rove operation greatly, spin the performance of efficient before the influence, cause multipurpose device, many recruitments.To the sliver of twisted point section, fiber number is that half of number of fiber on the spun yarn cross section spun by institute at front roller nip, if raw material is too poor or technological parameter is selected improperly, can increases spinning and breaking end, even can't normally spin.
Three, the efficient spinning process principle of the cotton spinning amount of resetting
The amount of resetting high efficient technology is meant on modern spinning equipment, initiatively bring into play the potential of modern novel device,, spun the amount of resetting before realizing with equipment and the specially technological progress drive process innovation application of part, the spun yarn high draft is main high efficiency, the spinning unit engineering of high benefit.High efficient technology has been broken through the theory and practice application of traditional spinning process, and a kind of resource-effective new pattern of management has been explored by enterprise for spinning, and the new way of a profit growth is the inexorable trend of spinning process research from now on.High efficient technology reduce recruitment and reduce production costs playing a key effect, so high efficient technology has higher popularization and application values to improving board output, significantly reducing preceding spinning equipment board.
But, after the rove amount of resetting spun yarn high draft is particularly adopted in the application of high efficient technology, coarse yarn density increases, and the width of feeding drawing-off part yarn is increased, and enters the proparea yarn after the little twist of rove and more curries favor with non-twist, yarn is easy to disperse, the proparea drawing-off that spun yarn is bigger makes the yarn divergent trend more obvious, and the yarn twist triangle zone is increased, and filoplume increases, thereby adopt such technology resultant yarn filoplume more, be unfavorable for the processing of later process.
Present organic cotton model blended yarn uses RING SPINNING, closely spin, match network spins a kind of spinning method wherein or closely spins and match network and spin the spinning method that combines and spin, the application of these methods all has its one-sidedness: (1) uses the traditional ring spinning yarn process, adopt light quantitatively, jogging speed, low-producing spinning process guarantee constant product quality, but this steady quality is to be cost than higher input cost and lower output benefit, and resultant yarn filoplume H value is higher, powerful low, wear no resistance, influence the wearability of its yarn.(2) use and closely to spin, to match network and spin a kind of spinning method wherein or closely spin with matching network and spin the spinning method that combines, resultant yarn filoplume H value is lower, but the equipment investment cost height, technical cost and energy consumption are big, and production efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to invent a kind of both having helped improves the quality of products, and can improve added value of product, obviously raises the efficiency again, reduces energy consumption, the spinning method of the production organic cotton model complex yarn that reduces production costs.
Process of the present invention is blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, drafting, rove, spun yarn and winder, wherein, blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, drafting, rove are implemented the cotton spinning amount of resetting high efficient technology respectively, and spun yarn adopts the double joint rove to feed closely spinning of drawing-off simultaneously and matches network and spin the composite spinning technology that combines.
Carding step is used AC2515 Bearded-needle knitted cloth, AD4035 doff clothing, AT5610 taker-in clothing and MCH36 flat-clothing successively, to guarantee fiber carding quality under the amount of the resetting condition.
Spinning process is used when closely the match network spins composite spinning technology, adopts on special pipe or the pressure bar specially part such as Xiao, to improve yarn quality.Also can utilize computer art design software system, carry out the parameters Optimization configuration, realize the amount of resetting high efficient technology and the combination of closely spinning, match the network spinning process.
The present invention uses closely and spins, matches the novel process technology that network spins, cotton spinning high efficient technology technology combines, it uses for reference the advantage of above-mentioned three kinds of technology, realize that three kinds of technology learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses, have complementary advantages, can improve added value of product, obviously raise the efficiency again, reduce energy consumption, reduce production costs, can under the situation that does not increase cost of investment substantially, obtain the synchronized development of product, technology and benefit.
The difference of the present invention and above-mentioned two kinds of technology is:
1, three kinds of technology is organically combined, use for reference the advantage of three kinds of technology, learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses, realized mutual supplement with each other's advantages.Before spin blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, drafting, rove operation board production capacity and significantly improve, can effectively reduce the spinning unit equipment investment, reduce production costs such as recruitment, electricity consumption.
2, compare with traditional handicraft, yarn quality further improves, and resultant yarn filoplume is few, and bar makes a good job of, and powerful high, main performance index is promoted synchronously.
The specific embodiment
As produce 50/50 organic cotton model complex yarn:
One, raw material: 100% organic cotton fiber, 100% Modal fibre.
Two, operating process:
1, blowing:
Organic cotton fiber and Modal fibre are carried out shredding, rolling respectively, take the technological principle of " amount of resetting, meticulous extracting, many combs be few to be beaten, shredding gradually, fair speed, anti ".For reducing linters rate, dwindle spacing between dirt rod and dirt rod, increase spacing between hired roughneck and dirt rod.Use evereven when rolling, suitably increase fan speed, it is unimpeded to be beneficial to defeated cotton, guarantees cotton rolling quality.
2, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning:
Organic cotton fiber and Modal fibre rolling are carried out comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning respectively, carding step is used AC2515 Bearded-needle knitted cloth, AD4035 doff clothing, AT5610 taker-in clothing and MCH36 flat-clothing successively, adopt the technological principle of " amount of resetting, many branches comb, suitable speed, good transfer ".Cylinder speed, licker-in speed, three key parameters of weight of card sliver are used orthogonal test carry out preferred compositions, amplify between feed plate and licker-in space and cylinder and revolving flats between space, realize soft combing, guarantee that the fiber combing is abundant, prevent the fiber excessive damage.
3, drafting
Adopt the technological principle of " amount of resetting, many and close low velocity ".The organic cotton carded sliver and the model carded sliver are adopted three roads and close: amalgamation adopts 8 (4 organic cotton carded slivers and 4 model carded slivers) also to close bigger first break draft multiple; Mix two and mix three and adopt 6 and close respectively, less first break draft multiple reduces the total draft multiple, improves ripe Wu Site bar solid carbon dioxide and puts down.Pay attention to anti-blocking and lap guard, keep inclined tube bright and clean, rubber roll is carried out antistatic treatment, and suitably reduce the doff fixed length.
4, rove
The low ingot speed of rove process configurations amount of resetting and enforcement is reeled, and reduces the rove filoplume.Roving twist factor grasp less than normal, enforcement are spaced greatly, big first break draft multiple drawing-off, and balance drafting force and grasping force improve the rove evenness quality.Set up the regression equation Mathematical Modeling of tension in the roving (percentage elongation) and the rove weight relation between irregular, utilization number reason method dopes rational tension in the roving (percentage elongation), realizes permanent tension force, permanent centrifugal force in the rove spinning process in conjunction with advanced converter technique, servo techniques, Computer Control Technology.
5, spun yarn
Spinning process adopts tight match network to spin composite spinning technology, utilizes computer art design software system, carries out the parameters Optimization configuration, realizes the amount of resetting high efficient technology and the combination of closely spinning, match the network spinning process.Also can be in conjunction with parts such as Xiao on the novel special pipe of application, the pressure bar.The configuration ABRASION RESISTANCE is good, the life-span is long, frictional force is little, the import steel traveler of rapid heat dissipation, selects the self-lubricating rings simultaneously for use, reaches the purpose that end breakage rate is low, filoplume is few.
6, winder
Implement small tension receiving coil, low velocity coiling, the doff passage requires bright and clean, reduces filoplume increasing degree purpose to reach.Adopt advanced mechanical afterturn mode, rationally regulate the parameter of splicing, guarantee to splice a quality.Optimize the clearing curve, guarantee harmful yarn defect and different fine complete resection.
Three, characteristics of the present invention:
Take 40 stocking yarns of 20,000 spindle large-scale production organic cotton modals, 50/50 blending as example:
1, the direct economic benefit of technology of the present invention is remarkable, and more traditional spinning technique equipment capacity improves, and the present device one-time investment is saved 3,500,000 yuan, about 600,000 yuan of annual power cost saving and machine supplies expenses.
2, handicraft product resultant yarn filoplume of the present invention is few, and bar makes a good job of, and powerful high, the yarn added value improves, for the later process textile processing is established good basis.
3, production labor of the present invention reduces, and ten thousand ingot recruitments can reduce by 6 people, annual 200000 yuan of the wage costs of saving.
4, the technology of the present invention equipment investment is less, only needs the creel of spinning frame and spun yarn drafting position negative pressure device etc. are transformed, and all can use for a long time, and the investment payback time is short.
Following table is spun the quantitative difference configuration of semi-products before being to change of production contrast table when:
From upper table as seen, the characteristics that technology of the present invention has are: (1) front semi-products that spin quantitatively increase considerably, and the theoretical per unit area yield of each operation board improves significantly. (2) quantitatively heavy owing to before spinning each operation semi-products, the theoretical per unit area yield of board improves, compare with traditional spinning process, equipment is begined a theatrical performance to count and is reduced, thereby greatly saved equipment investment, can reduce recruitment, electricity consumption, and can offset spinning process and implement the closely equipment investment of match network spinning process increase, improve spun yarn production efficiency. In the situation that does not substantially increase cost of investment, obtain the synchronized development of product, technology and benefit.
Following table is the comparison on Yarn table:
Figure 362683DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
From last table as seen, the characteristics that technology of the present invention has are: (1) resultant yarn weight CV value reduces, and the long segment uniformity improves.(2) the resultant yarn strip dry CV value reduces, and short-term evenness is improved, and details, slubbing, cotton knot etc. the often property sent out yarn defect reduce.(3) the resultant yarn fracture strength improves, and single strong CV value reduces.(4) resultant yarn filoplume H value reduces significantly, and yam surface is brighter and cleaner.(5) nine grades of harmful yarn defects of yarn reduce obviously, are fit to the high-grade fabric yarn more.

Claims (3)

1. the spinning method of an organic cotton model complex yarn, process is blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, drafting, rove, spun yarn and winder, it is characterized in that described blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, drafting, rove implement the cotton spinning amount of resetting high efficient technology respectively, spun yarn adopts the double joint rove to feed closely spinning of drawing-off simultaneously and matches network and spin the composite spinning technology that combines.
2. according to the spinning method of the described organic cotton model of claim 1 complex yarn, it is characterized in that: carding step is used AC2515 Bearded-needle knitted cloth, AD4035 doff clothing, AT5610 taker-in clothing and MCH36 flat-clothing successively.
3. according to the spinning method of the described organic cotton model of claim 1 complex yarn, it is characterized in that: spinning process is used when closely the match network spins composite spinning technology, adopts Xiao on special pipe or the pressure bar.
CN 201110043530 2011-02-23 2011-02-23 Method for spinning organic cotton modal composite yarns Pending CN102061542A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102493050A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-06-13 浙江龙源纺织股份有限公司 Cotton-spun yarn spinning technique with quantitative drawing overload
CN102493064A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-13 丹阳市丹盛纺织有限公司 Production method of tight sirospun yarn of combed crystal cotton
CN102787409A (en) * 2012-09-05 2012-11-21 罗莱家纺股份有限公司 Compact siro yarn and preparation method thereof
CN103726153A (en) * 2012-10-11 2014-04-16 际华三五四二纺织有限公司 Dacron, viscose rayon and cotton blending compact siro spinning yarn and manufacturing technology thereof
CN106012261A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 江苏悦达纺织集团有限公司 Compact siro spinning air conditioning/modal fiber blended knitted fabric and producing method thereof
CN109576846A (en) * 2017-09-29 2019-04-05 际华三五四二纺织有限公司 Wood pulp Modal fibre and combed long staple cotton blended fine count spinning technique
CN112553730A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-26 际华三五零九纺织有限公司 Novel blended yarn and production method and application thereof
CN113388937A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-14 红豆集团无锡红豆童装有限公司 Spinning method of organic cotton modal composite yarn

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EP1061167A1 (en) * 1999-06-15 2000-12-20 ' WGF' COLCOTON-Garn Hasenack & Co. Knitted article like stocking, pantyhose, sock and application of Siro-yarns for making stockings, pantyhoses, socks and other knitted elastic garments
CN101100774A (en) * 2006-10-31 2008-01-09 石家庄常山恒新纺织有限公司 Device and method for producing compound yarn by compact siro spun
CN201116320Y (en) * 2007-10-26 2008-09-17 新疆雅戈尔棉纺织有限公司 Modified compact sirospun negative pressure pipe device
CN101603222A (en) * 2009-07-06 2009-12-16 南通双弘纺织有限公司 A kind of cellulosic fiber spinning method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1061167A1 (en) * 1999-06-15 2000-12-20 ' WGF' COLCOTON-Garn Hasenack & Co. Knitted article like stocking, pantyhose, sock and application of Siro-yarns for making stockings, pantyhoses, socks and other knitted elastic garments
CN101100774A (en) * 2006-10-31 2008-01-09 石家庄常山恒新纺织有限公司 Device and method for producing compound yarn by compact siro spun
CN201116320Y (en) * 2007-10-26 2008-09-17 新疆雅戈尔棉纺织有限公司 Modified compact sirospun negative pressure pipe device
CN101603222A (en) * 2009-07-06 2009-12-16 南通双弘纺织有限公司 A kind of cellulosic fiber spinning method

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102493050A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-06-13 浙江龙源纺织股份有限公司 Cotton-spun yarn spinning technique with quantitative drawing overload
CN102493050B (en) * 2011-11-22 2014-06-11 浙江龙源纺织股份有限公司 Cotton-spun yarn spinning technique with quantitative drawing overload
CN102493064A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-13 丹阳市丹盛纺织有限公司 Production method of tight sirospun yarn of combed crystal cotton
CN102787409A (en) * 2012-09-05 2012-11-21 罗莱家纺股份有限公司 Compact siro yarn and preparation method thereof
CN103726153A (en) * 2012-10-11 2014-04-16 际华三五四二纺织有限公司 Dacron, viscose rayon and cotton blending compact siro spinning yarn and manufacturing technology thereof
CN106012261A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 江苏悦达纺织集团有限公司 Compact siro spinning air conditioning/modal fiber blended knitted fabric and producing method thereof
CN106012261B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-01-02 江苏悦达纺织集团有限公司 Close SEILE textile air-conditioning/modal fiber blended knitting fabric and production method
CN109576846A (en) * 2017-09-29 2019-04-05 际华三五四二纺织有限公司 Wood pulp Modal fibre and combed long staple cotton blended fine count spinning technique
CN112553730A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-26 际华三五零九纺织有限公司 Novel blended yarn and production method and application thereof
CN112553730B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-03-15 际华三五零九纺织有限公司 Novel blended yarn and production method and application thereof
CN113388937A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-14 红豆集团无锡红豆童装有限公司 Spinning method of organic cotton modal composite yarn

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Application publication date: 20110518