CN101775849A - Lightweight composite column, lightweight composite beam and load bearing lightweight composite thermal-insulation wall body - Google Patents

Lightweight composite column, lightweight composite beam and load bearing lightweight composite thermal-insulation wall body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101775849A
CN101775849A CN201010100711A CN201010100711A CN101775849A CN 101775849 A CN101775849 A CN 101775849A CN 201010100711 A CN201010100711 A CN 201010100711A CN 201010100711 A CN201010100711 A CN 201010100711A CN 101775849 A CN101775849 A CN 101775849A
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light
topping
duty
sandwich layer
composite
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CN201010100711A
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Chinese (zh)
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吴淑环
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吴淑环
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Priority to CN200910072916.7 priority Critical
Application filed by 吴淑环 filed Critical 吴淑环
Priority to CN201010100711A priority patent/CN101775849A/en
Publication of CN101775849A publication Critical patent/CN101775849A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a lightweight composite column, a lightweight composite beam and a lightweight composite thermal-insulation wall body. The invention relates to a composite thermal-insulation wall body for buildings. The purpose of the invention is to increase the bearing capacity of the lightweight composite thermal-insulation wall body and to cancel thermal bridges at openings. The lightweight composite column is formed by steel bars, a core layer, steel hoops and a protective layer, wherein the core layer is arranged between an internal protective layer and an external protective layer and is bonded with the internal protective layer and the external protective layer, the steel bars are arranged in the internal protective layer and the external protective layer and the steel hoops are tightly tied with the steel bars. The lightweight composite beam is formed by steel bars, a core layer, a protective layer and an alkali-resisting mesh, wherein the protective layer is arranged on the two sides and the upper part of the core layer and is bonded with the core layer; and the steel bars and the protective layer are wrapped and wound by the alkali-resisting mesh. The lightweight composite wall body is formed by beams or slabs of the main body structure of a building, lightweight composite columns, lightweight composite beams, lightweight boards and a leveling blanket, wherein the lightweight composite columns are anchored with the beams or slabs of the main body structure of the building, and the lightweight boards are arranged on the beams or slabs and are bonded with the columns; and the lightweight composite beams are arranged at openings and are connected with the lightweight composite columns. The composite wall body of the invention has the advantages that the thermal insulation performance is good, the manufacturing cost is low, the application scope is wide, the wall body reformation is promoted and the energy is saved.

Description

A kind of light-duty combined column, light-duty composite beam and load-bearing light composite insulation wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to the light-duty combined column of building field, light-duty composite beam, and by light-duty composite beam, light-duty combined column and the lightweight core layer load-bearing light composite insulation wall that infilled wall forms of plastering.
Background technology
In current new countryside construction, various novel walls have appearred, wherein is no lack of the body of wall that has various hidden danger, as use light-gauge steel section (to be generally section 100 * 100mm without galvanizing, wall thickness is less than 3mm) as wall column, spacing 3~4m is installed in foaming benzene plate EPS plate or compressed straw slab between the wall column of light-gauge steel section, and the EPS plate or the compressed straw slab outside have cement mortar to plaster.Its problem is: 1, the wall column of light-gauge steel section does not go out several years with very fast corrosion; 2, body of wall rigidity is poor, and is dangerous; 3, body of wall is easy to crack.The body of wall of useful rice straw brick also, its corner, door and window hole still need to lay bricks, and also need concrete lintel on door and window hole, not only do not have to solve the problem without loam brick, and a large amount of heat bridges makes the wall thermal insulating energy-saving effect very limited ...
The inventor of present patent application has proposed denomination of invention and has been " inside and outside or both sides are provided with the combined wall of reinforcing bar and/or metal net plaster ", and number of patent application is 200710167871.2, and publication number is the patent of invention of CN101168977; Applied for that also denomination of invention is " a kind of composite component of alkaline-resisting glass fiber net plasterer ", number of patent application is 200910141007.4, and publication number is the patent of invention of CN101570981.These two patented technologies cooperate the combined wall of the bonding formation of bonding adhesive, when sandwich layer is the macromolecule warming plate, because of the sandwich layer modulus of elasticity of macromolecule warming plate is low, are referred to as flexible heat-insulating composite wall, abbreviate flexible body of wall as.Flexible body of wall has good heat insulation, antidetonation is good, cost is low, good endurance, without advantages such as loam bricks.Flexible body of wall is applicable to frame construction, in the single if use the concrete frame structure load-bearing, it obviously is uneconomic adopting the macromolecule warming plate to form flexible body of wall, but directly use the bonding cement mortar of macromolecule warming plate as exterior wall, bear roofing weight, particularly point load weight often can not satisfy the requirement of load-bearing.How to use minimum cost, the flexible body of wall that the macromolecule warming plate is formed is applied to single, have the ability and the convenient construction that bear big point load? how to reduce composite thermal-insulating wall hole heat bridge? thereby wall reform in the solution new countryside construction and the problem of building low-energy building.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of light-duty composite beam, light-duty combined column and load-bearing light composite insulation wall, when being used for small building to solve flexible wall body with the macromolecule warming plate, also can bear the technical problem of big load, in new countryside construction, can with low cost build low energy consumption energy saving building and without loam brick.
A kind of light-duty combined column structure of the present invention is, the present invention includes indoor longitudinal reinforcement, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement, stirrup, topping, and the present invention also comprises sandwich layer; Described indoor longitudinal reinforcement, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement lay respectively in the topping of indoor and outdoors, and described sandwich layer is positioned at the centre of the topping of indoor and outdoors, and sandwich layer and both sides topping are bonding; Described stirrup and indoor longitudinal reinforcement reach with outdoor longitudinal reinforcement and are connected and fixed, and form the light-duty combined column of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; Described sandwich layer is the macromolecule warming plate, or mineral wool panels or straw plate or honeycomb card board or pearlite slab, and described topping is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or described topping is the cement mortar or the pea gravel concreten of modification.
A kind of light-duty composite beam structure of the present invention is to the present invention includes longitudinal reinforcement, topping; The present invention also comprises sandwich layer and alkaline-resisting screen cloth; Described topping is positioned at the both sides and the top of sandwich layer, and topping and sandwich layer are bonding; Described longitudinal reinforcement is positioned at topping; Alkaline-resisting screen cloth is dived and to be embedded in the topping bonding and following bonding with sandwich layer with topping, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth also sticks on the topping surface; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth stick on topping surface and stick on sandwich layer below; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth sticks on the surface of sandwich layer, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth also sticks on the topping surface; Sandwich layer, longitudinal reinforcement and topping are by alkaline-resisting screen cloth) the parcel winding, form the light-duty composite beam of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; Described sandwich layer is the macromolecule warming plate, or mineral wool panels or straw plate or honeycomb card board or perlite mortar; Described topping is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or described topping (8) is the cement mortar of modification or pea gravel concreten.
The present invention is with the stirrup of alkaline-resisting screen cloth as light-duty composite beam, and is prefabricated easy for installation, and good heat insulation is in light weight.
A kind of light-duty combined column of the present invention and a kind of light-duty composite beam are in order to form following a kind of load-bearing light composite insulation wall.
A kind of load-bearing light composite insulation wall structure of the present invention is, the present invention includes the beam of major structure of construction or plate, light-duty composite beam, sandwich layer, the topping of plastering, and the present invention also comprises light-duty combined column; Described light-duty combined column is positioned on the beam or plate of major structure of construction, and light-duty combined column is by the beam or the plate anchoring of reinforcing bar or steel plate welding and major structure of construction; Described sandwich layer is positioned at the top of the beam of major structure of construction or plate and bonding with it, and sandwich layer and light-duty combined column are bonding; Light-duty composite beam is positioned at the door and window hole top, and light-duty composite beam is bearing on the light-duty combined column; The outside of light-duty combined column, light-duty composite beam and the sandwich layer topping of plastering is plastered and is connected as a single entity, and forms a kind of load-bearing light composite insulation wall that light-duty combined column is arranged; Described light-duty combined column is light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or the light-duty combined column that heat bridge is arranged; Described light-duty composite beam is light-duty composite beam of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or the light-duty composite beam that heat bridge is arranged; Described sandwich layer is the macromolecule warming plate, or straw plate or mineral wool panels or honeycomb card board or pearlite slab, and the described topping of plastering is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or the described topping of plastering be modification cement mortar or pea gravel concreten.
The present invention is used for the bearing wall of single and low layer light duty flooring, the prefabricated convenience of the light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off, easy for installation, good heat insulation, in light weight by the bearing capacity that light-duty combined column improves combined wall is set.Prefabricated light-duty combined column is connected with interior pre-embedded steel slab of base concrete or reinforcing bar, and in the plaster leveling layer outside sandwich layer netted tensile materials is set, combined column, composite beam and the lightweight core layer infilled wall that forms of plastering is connected as a single entity, load-bearing light composite insulation wall top is provided with roof truss and sockets, and can form the assembled light combined wall that light-duty framed bent and light-weight filled wall are formed.
When the netted tensile materials of load-bearing light composite insulation wall of the present invention and grade beam anchor connection, or be provided with that anchor bar is connected with the basis and satisfy lap length when requirement with netted tensile materials along the body of wall total length, light composite insulation wall then of the present invention not only could satisfy the requirements for fortification against earthquake under the normal chance geological process, also can be easy to satisfy the requirements for fortification against earthquake under the rarely occurred earthquake effect! It is the grade of providing fortification against earthquakes that common house owed by a citizen is easy to have special important engineering.See " the light-duty combined wall board Rigidity Calculation book that macromolecule plate and C15 concrete bonding are compound ".
Light-duty combined column of the present invention, light-duty composite beam and load-bearing light composite insulation wall are multi-subject knowledges such as building complex, structure, building physics, building thermal technique, chemical adhesive, metallography, and stressed material of bar structure and building function material are optimized combination.
Technique effect of the present invention: the common ground of light-duty combined column, light-duty composite beam and load-bearing light composite insulation wall is; all be bonding compound with light thermal-insulation sandwich layer and both sides topping; the topping in the composite component outside contains the net or the reinforcing bar of tension, forms light-duty complex heat-preservation member.The present invention complements each other various materials, both can give full play to the advantage of stressed material, guarantees the safety of composite component, can give full play to the insulation of functional material, not same-action such as bonding again.The present invention is without loam brick, and speed of application of the present invention is fast, and the construction energy consumption is little, and combined wall antidetonation wind resistance is good, design and construction are simple.The present invention economizes ground to wall reform to building energy conservation, and to the building aseismicity wind resistance, to social energy-saving and emission-reduction, construction low-carbon (LC) society reply Global climate change is significant.The present invention can build the light composite insulation wall of low heat transfer coefficient with low cost, can be widely used in new countryside construction and connect in the body of wall of building engineering, quickens rural area wall reform and building energy conservation process, is with a wide range of applications.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the light-duty combined column sectional drawing of embodiment one heat-insulating bridge-cut-off;
Fig. 2 is that both sides only are the light-duty combined column sectional drawing of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off of 1 reinforcing bar in the embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is that the light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off is positioned at door and window mouth edge sectional drawing in the embodiment one;
Fig. 4 is that the light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off is positioned at body of wall internal cross section figure in the embodiment one;
Fig. 5 is the light-duty combined column sectional drawing of three side matcoveredns of embodiment two center core layer;
Fig. 6 is the light-duty combined column sectional drawing of matcoveredn around embodiment two center core layer;
Fig. 7 is that the light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off is positioned at body of wall corner and sandwich layer joint construction sectional drawing in the embodiment one;
Fig. 8 is the light-duty combined column organigrams of embodiment three heat-insulating bridge-cut-offs;
Fig. 9 is the another kind of mode joint construction sectional drawing that the light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off is positioned at body of wall corner and sandwich layer in the embodiment one;
Figure 10 is the light-duty composite beam sectional drawings of embodiment four heat-insulating bridge-cut-offs;
Figure 11 is that embodiment five light-duty composite beam both sides increase cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2, and embodiment seven light-duty composite beam top pre-embedded steel slabs or pre-buried steel strip band organigram;
Figure 12 is that the alkaline-resisting screen cloth of stickup on the light-duty composite beam of the heat-insulating bridge-cut-off of embodiment four is as a kind of form of light-duty composite beam stirrup;
Figure 13 is certain building bearing light composite insulation wall horizontal sectional drawing that embodiment nine contains light-duty combined column;
Figure 14 is that the load-bearing light composite insulation wall facade that the A axle exterior wall of Figure 12 is made up of sandwich layer, light-duty combined column, light-duty multiple beam is arranged schematic diagram, represent that also embodiment 12 light-duty composite beams connect with each other, and become the top collar tie beam schematic diagram of composite thermal-insulating wall;
Figure 15 is the generalized section of plastering again outside embodiment 11 sandwich layers and cement fibrolite plate or the compound back of calcium silicate board with microporous;
Figure 16 is the anchor bar 2 of embodiment 18,19 settings and agent structure anchoring, and anchor bar and netted tensile materials overlap joint are with the beam or the plate anchoring structure figure of light-duty combined wall and major structure of construction;
Figure 17 is the sectional drawing that embodiment nine door and window hole heat insulation break bridge structures and embodiment ten holes are provided with waterproofing course 15;
Figure 18 is the schematic diagram when light-duty combined column protrudes in the composite thermal-insulating wall outside in the embodiment one;
Figure 19 be light-duty composite beam in the embodiment five 3 liang of side bonds of sandwich layer the structural section of cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2;
Figure 20 is two side bonds cement fibrolite plates of embodiment 11 center core layer 3 or the light-duty combined wall of calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2, and there is the hole structure sectional drawing of the topping 8-1 that plasters in the cement fibrolite plate or the calcium silicate board with microporous outside;
Figure 21 is two side bonds cement fibrolite plates of embodiment 11 center core layer 3 or the light-duty combined wall of calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2, and there is the corner structural section of the topping 8-1 that plasters in the cement fibrolite plate or the calcium silicate board with microporous outside;
Figure 22 is that embodiment 21 is provided with combined wall basis vapour barrier sectional drawing;
Figure 23 is that sandwich layer is the light composite board Rigidity Calculation schematic diagram of macromolecule heat insulating material.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment one: referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a kind of light-duty combined column of present embodiment is made up of indoor longitudinal reinforcement 51-1, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 51-2, stirrup 21, sandwich layer 3, topping 8; Described indoor longitudinal reinforcement 51-1, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 51-2 lay respectively in the topping 8 of indoor and outdoors, and described sandwich layer 3 is positioned at the centre of the topping 8 of indoor and outdoors, and sandwich layer 3 is bonding with both sides topping 8; Described stirrup 21 is connected and fixed with indoor longitudinal reinforcement 51-1 and with outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 51-2, forms the light-duty combined column of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; Described sandwich layer 3 is the macromolecule warming plate, or mineral wool panels or straw plate or honeycomb card board or perlite mortar, and described topping 8 is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or described topping 8 is the cement mortar of modification or pea gravel concreten.
The cement mortar of modification or pea gravel concreten comprise and add cement mortar or the pea gravel concreten that fiber etc. is split in flyash, stone flour, Admixture and resistance, also comprise and add cement polymer mortar or the polymer concrete that bonding adhesive forms.When the thickness of protection tier of light-duty combined column was not enough, usable polymers mortar or polymer concrete helped increasing the corrosion resistance of reinforcing bar, but the concrete thickness of attenuate, to reduce the weight of light-duty combined column.The perlite mortar need be used vitreous closed perlite mortar, has insulation, waterproof, anti-freeze thawing character.
During prefabricated combined column, should be on polymer sandwich layer the brushing interfacial agents, sandwich layer and cement mortar or pea gravel concreten layer are bonded together, recommend to adopt the interfacial agents or the cement polymer mortar of polyacrylate dispersion configuration.The steel that should avoid being positioned at the sandwich layer position do not have the protection of alkaline environment to corrode, and influence durability, and stirrup 3 adopts stainless steel material to be advisable, and for example is Φ 3~Φ 4 stainless steel wires or galvanizing steel wire.
Interfacial agents should be " interfacial agents be used to plaster resistance split, increase and plaster and the job practices of veneer binding strength " by denomination of invention, and number of patent application is 200810170949.0, and publication number is that my patent of invention of CN101424115 is constructed.Recommend to adopt the interfacial agents or the cement polymer mortar of poly-interior olefin(e) acid ester emulsion configuration.
Light-duty combined column has the combined column that is positioned at the edge, hole, as shown in Figure 2, the combined column that is positioned at middle certain position of body of wall is arranged, and as shown in Figure 3, the combined column that is positioned at rotation angle position is arranged, and as Fig. 4, Fig. 7, shown in Figure 10, Fig. 7 is inconvenient to construct.Light-duty combined column is hidden in the body of wall usually, form sleeper, also can give prominence to the combined wall metope, become bright post, as shown in figure 17, when being installed, heavy door need strengthen the rigidity and the arrangement of reinforcement of light-duty combined column, as shown in figure 12 the doorway structure, and low-rise building can adopt the form of bright post when light-duty floor is arranged, and determines according to the design needs.
The specific embodiment two: referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment one is; Described topping 8 is positioned at three side (see figure 5)s of sandwich layer 3, or described topping 8 be positioned at sandwich layer 3 around wrap up sandwich layer 3 (see figure 6)s, what form a kind of three or four sides matcoveredn has a light-duty combined column of heat bridge.
The prefabricated trouble of the light-duty combined column of heat bridge is arranged, can the light-duty combined column of first prefabricated heat-insulating bridge-cut-off, the sandwich layer that will expose after the installation protection of plastering.There is the light-duty combined column of heat bridge to can be used for the non-heating region, also can acts on the little post of bearing capacity, as balcony quoin post, edge list etc.
The specific embodiment three: referring to Fig. 8, present embodiment and the specific embodiment one or twos' difference is that present embodiment substitutes stirrup 2 with alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1; Alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on topping 8 outsides, twines bundle protection layer 8, and twines sandwich layer 3 and indoor longitudinal reinforcement 1-1, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 1-2 in the bundle protection layer 8.
The specific embodiment four: referring to Figure 10, Figure 12, a kind of light-duty composite beam of present embodiment is made up of longitudinal reinforcement 51, sandwich layer 3, alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1, topping 8; Described topping 8 is positioned at the both sides and the top of sandwich layer 3, and topping 8 is bonding with sandwich layer 3; Described longitudinal reinforcement 51 is positioned at topping 8; Alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 dives and to be embedded in the topping 8 bonding and following bonding with sandwich layer 3 with topping 8, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 also sticks on topping 8 surfaces; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 stick on topping 8 surface and stick on sandwich layer 3 below; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on the surface of sandwich layer 3, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 also sticks on topping 8 surfaces; Sandwich layer 3, longitudinal reinforcement 51 and topping 8 are twined by alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 parcel, form the light-duty composite beam of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; Described sandwich layer 3 is the macromolecule warming plate, or mineral wool panels or straw plate or honeycomb card board or perlite mortar; Described topping 8 is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or described topping 8 is the cement mortar of modification or pea gravel concreten.
The topping 8 of present embodiment is positioned at the pressure zone concrete of the top of beam as beam, and lower rebar is a steel bar stress, and upper reinforcement can be constructed setting.
Add cement mortar or pea gravel concreten that stone flour, Admixture etc. form modification, also comprise and add cement polymer mortar or the polymer concrete that bonding adhesive forms, also comprise light weight aggregate concrete, as haydite concrete.Common light-duty composite beam top is a light weight aggregate concrete, reducing top, light-duty composite beam top conducts heat, because of there is the resin coating on the glass fiber bundle surface of bonding alkaline-resisting screen cloth, need use cement polymer mortar during bonding alkaline-resisting screen cloth, could guarantee that alkaline-resisting screen cloth is bonding firm.The pearlite slab that pearlite slab is made of the vitreous closed perlite has insulation, waterproof, anti-freeze thawing character.Sandwich layer can be two kinds of materials, is the perlite mortar as the bottom of light-duty composite beam sandwich layer at the window place, and all the other are macromolecular material, increases the hole fireproof performance.
The resin coating is arranged on the glass fiber bundle of alkaline-resisting screen cloth, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth is pasted needs cement polymer mortar on the sandwich layer, alkaline-resisting screen cloth is pasted on the topping 8 also need use cement polymer mortar.Alkaline-resisting screen cloth is the abbreviation of alkali-resistant glass fibre screen cloth, and in China's " alkali-resistant glass fibre screen cloth " JC/T841-2007 standard, the nominal mass area ratio is from 100~330g/m 2Do not wait 16 grades, the powerful value scope of alkaline-resisting screen cloth tension failure is 700N/50mm~2300N/50mm, also can increase the powerful value of alkaline-resisting screen cloth tension failure according to using needs to increase the nominal mass area ratio again.The strength retention ratio of alkaline-resisting screen cloth in the Portland cement of highly basic can be not less than 80%, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth has suitable resistance to tension.The intensity retention of alkaline-resisting screen cloth be multiply by certain safety stock coefficient as alkaline-resisting screen cloth tensile strength design load, just can carry out designing and calculating, alkaline-resisting screen cloth promptly is set in light-duty composite beam is equivalent to be provided with stirrup in the beam according to reinforcing bar.Calculate the number of plies of determining alkaline-resisting screen cloth specification and stickup according to sloping section intensity.Brushing adhesive stick or cement polymer mortar paste alkaline-resisting screen cloth the surface of sandwich layer 3 or stick on cement mortar or pea gravel concreten surface, and clip in cement mortar or the pea gravel concreten easy construction.A light-duty composite beam bottom brush coating stick is pasted alkaline-resisting screen cloth, and cement mortar or pea gravel concreten topping are not set, and forms heat-insulating bridge-cut-off.If with reinforcing bar the stirrup trouble of then constructing is set, and increases considerably heat bridge.
Alkaline-resisting screen cloth is set in light-duty composite beam is equivalent to be provided with stirrup in the beam, calculate the number of plies of determining alkaline-resisting screen cloth specification and stickup according to sloping section intensity.Brushing adhesive stick or cement polymer mortar paste alkaline-resisting screen cloth the surface of sandwich layer or stick on cement mortar or pea gravel concreten surface, and clip in cement mortar or the pea gravel concreten easy construction.A light-duty composite beam bottom brush coating stick is pasted alkaline-resisting screen cloth, and cement mortar or pea gravel concreten topping are not set, and forms heat-insulating bridge-cut-off.If make the prefabricated trouble of stirrup, and increase considerably the weight of heat bridge and prefabricated composite beam with reinforcing bar.Figure 12 represents EPS plate both sides and cement fibrolite plate compound, at the bonding pea gravel concreten in EPS plate top, after pea gravel concreten solidifies, scrape and smear cement polymer mortar alkaline-resisting screen cloth bag is adhered to above the light-duty composite beam and both sides, and then the light-duty composite beam that overturns, scrape and smear cement polymer mortar and adhere to below the light-duty composite beam alkaline-resisting screen cloth bag and both sides, light-duty like this composite beam two side bonds double-deck alkaline-resisting screen cloth, so not only easy construction, and satisfy light-duty composite beam both sides and strengthen needs in the anti-shearing carrying, when light-duty composite beam load-bearing is little, can only paste the alkaline-resisting screen cloth of individual layer, adjust alkaline-resisting screen cloth quality and can satisfy different stressed needs.Polymer mortar shear strength height, anti-shearing favourable and bonding firm to light-duty composite beam.
Light-duty composite beam both can be used for also can be used as in the combined wall of background technology described " a kind of composite component of alkaline-resisting glass fiber net plasterer " patent of invention embodiment one in the light-duty combined wall building of load-bearing of the present invention.This patent is at sandwich layer when only an end is fixed on the beam of supporting member or the plate; when there are steel roof truss or timber roof truss or light-duty complex heat-preservation roofing in the combined wall upper end; after the exterior rendering topping is finished in the combined wall; roof truss or light-duty complex heat-preservation roofing can be installed; combined wall is fixedly connected with it, and under the vertical load effect, the combined wall lower end is the rigid joint anchored end; the upper end becomes the individual layer load-bearing light composite insulation wall that both sides have net to plaster for hinged joint connects.
As long as light-duty composite beam satisfies the requirement of structural limits state design, also can be applicable to other force part.
The specific embodiment five: referring to Figure 11, Figure 18; the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment four is: present embodiment increases cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2; cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2 are positioned at the both sides or a side of sandwich layer 3; cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2 and sandwich layer 3 are bonding; matcoveredn 8 on cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2; it is bonding with it that alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 is positioned at topping 8 surfaces, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 is positioned at the surperficial and bonding with it of cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2.
Sandwich layer two side bonds cement fibrolite plates or calcium silicate board with microporous can reduce the wet trade of plastering, and accelerate prefabricated light-duty composite beam, and available polyurethane adhesive or cement polymer mortar are pasted, and the former speed is fast, bonding convenience.But because of the concrete cover one-shot forming on sandwich layer top, so there is no need to be provided with cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous on top.Behind sandwich layer 3 both sides binding cement fiberboards or calcium silicate board with microporous, alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 is pasted on cement fibrolite plate or the calcium silicate board with microporous take-up strap sandwich layer, longitudinal reinforcement and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous with cement polymer mortar.
The specific embodiment six: referring to figure, present embodiment and the specific embodiment four or fives' difference is: described topping 8 be positioned at sandwich layer 3 around, what form a kind of four sides matcoveredn has a light-duty composite beam of heat bridge.
Because of topping 8 be positioned at sandwich layer 3 around will increase prefabricated light-duty composite beam workload; gain in weight; so generally speaking the lintel on the door and window do not need protection layer 8 be positioned at sandwich layer 3 below, but topping 8 be positioned at sandwich layer 3 around the light-duty composite beam made can be used for doing jesting beam etc.
The specific embodiment seven: referring to Figure 11, present embodiment and the specific embodiment four or fives' difference is; Present embodiment increases pre-embedded steel slab or steel plate band 1-4, and pre-embedded steel slab or pre-buried steel strip 1-4 are positioned at the topping 8 on sandwich layer 3 tops.
Pre-embedded steel slab is set or the pre-buried steel strip makes things convenient for roof truss to install and fix, according to Design Requirement Drawing pre-embedded steel slab on light-duty composite beam, or be provided with that the pre-buried steel strip is convenient to be connected with the pre-buried steel strip of light-duty composite beam the steel part on the roof truss at an arbitrary position with tapping screw.It is the upper reinforcement of light-duty composite beam that but pre-buried steel strip double as is set, and promptly the upper reinforcement of light-duty composite beam can not be provided with.
The specific embodiment eight: referring to Figure 11, present embodiment and the specific embodiment four or fives' difference is; Present embodiment increases waterproofing course 15, and it is bonding with it that described waterproofing course 15 is positioned at the surface of topping 8, or waterproofing course 15 sticks on and protect on the alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1, and described waterproofing course 15 is a polymer membranes.Recommend to adopt and good SBC polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material or the polyethylene terylene waterproof roll of cement compatibility.
SBC polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material or polyethylene terylene waterproof roll are to add age resister, main stick etc. and high-strength novel spun-bond process polypropylene filament yarn nonwoven or woven dacron by linearity ldpe resin, adopt the hot melt and direct press combination process to make, coiled material itself is exactly a heat insulating material.The polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material has the tensile strength height, impervious ability is strong, low temperature flexibility good, linear expansion coefficient is little, easily bonding, the distortion adaptive capacity is strong, the advantage of adaptive temperature wide ranges, good endurance, weight is 300g/m 2The time, its thickness is 0.6mm, draws secondary strength standard value 48N/cm.The tensile strength and the durability of polyethylene terylene waterproof roll are much better than the polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material, with cement mortar cooperate bonding adhesive or just with cement polymer mortar with waterproof roll paste light-duty composite beam around, not only waterproof but also play certain humidification.
The specific embodiment nine: referring to Figure 12, Figure 13, a kind of load-bearing light composite insulation wall of present embodiment is made up of the beam of major structure of construction or plate 1, light-duty combined column 11, light-duty composite beam 12, sandwich layer 3, the topping 8-1 that plasters; Described light-duty combined column 11 is positioned on the beam or plate 1 of major structure of construction, and light-duty combined column 11 is by the beam or plate 1 anchoring of reinforcing bar or steel plate welding and major structure of construction; Described sandwich layer 3 is positioned at the top of the beam of major structure of construction or plate 1 and bonding with it, and sandwich layer 3 is bonding with light-duty combined column 11; Light-duty composite beam 12 is positioned at the door and window hole top, and light-duty composite beam 12 is bearing on the light-duty combined column 11; The outside of light-duty combined column 11, light-duty composite beam 12 and the sandwich layer 3 topping 8-1 that plasters plasters and is connected as a single entity, and forms a kind of load-bearing light composite insulation wall that light-duty combined column is arranged; Described light-duty combined column 11 is light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or the light-duty combined column that heat bridge is arranged; Described light-duty composite beam 12 is light-duty composite beam of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or the light-duty composite beam that heat bridge is arranged; Described sandwich layer 3 is the macromolecule warming plate, or straw plate or mineral wool panels or honeycomb card board or pearlite slab, and the described topping 8-1 that plasters is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or the described topping 8-1 that plasters be modification cement mortar or pea gravel concreten.
The light-duty combined column of heat bridge being arranged or has the light-duty composite beam of heat bridge to be meant that embodiments of the present invention one have the light-duty combined column of heat bridge of present embodiment indication, and embodiment four has a light-duty composite beam of heat bridge.
The cement mortar of modification or pea gravel concreten split the cement mortar or the pea gravel concreten of fiber etc. for adding flyash, stone flour, Admixture and resistance, also comprise and add cement polymer mortar or the polymer concrete that bonding adhesive forms.Pearlite slab need have insulation, waterproof, anti-freeze thawing character with the pearlite slab of vitreous closed perlite making.
Door and window hole and other necessary position are provided with light-duty combined column, make the combined wall of the single of light-duty combined column can bear big load, particularly point load that lintel, top roofing transmit, are the purposes that light-duty combined column is set.Light-duty combined column is generally sleeper, is hidden in the combined wall, also can be bright post, sees Figure 12, Figure 17.
Sandwich layer and concrete bonding, bonding between the sandwich layer, and sandwich layer and light-duty combined column, light-duty composite beam is bonding, should adopt different cementitious materialss according to material property.The usable polymers mortar is bonding with itself and base concrete, usable polymers rubber cement (promptly not containing sand) is bonding mutually with polymer sandwich layer, and also available polyurethane adhesive chokes mutually to paste and installs, and accelerates speed of application, particularly the heat bridge in insulation layer slit does not take place in the latter, and insulation is better.
The rigidity of sandwich layer is less, should take technical measures such as support during construction is plastered.After sandwich layer is installed, should after brushing interfacial agents in sandwich layer both sides is plastered, form rigidity earlier, light-duty composite beam is installed again; Or press embodiment 11, the bonding compound back of sandwich layer both sides and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous increases rigidity, and light-duty composite beam is installed again.
When installing, can fix door and window with combined column both sides cement mortar or pea gravel concreten topping; the hole side adopts heat-insulating bridge-cut-off combined column (Fig. 2), heat-insulating bridge-cut-off composite beam (Fig. 9) and the windowsill position of the present embodiment topping formation windowsill heat-insulating bridge-cut-off (Figure 16) of not plastering; door and window is installed on the sandwich layer; or be installed in structure on the waterproofing course, good heat insulation by the specific embodiment ten.Or on the light-duty combined column of the heat-insulating bridge-cut-off of door and window mouth, the light-duty composite beam of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off and windowsill, smear perlite heat-insulating mortar or glue powder polyphenyl particle slurry earlier, door and window is installed on thermal insulation mortar or the glue powder polyphenyl particle slurry, and is more favourable to fire prevention.
Waterproof is carried out at the combined wall of hole heat insulation break bridge reply hole, and waterproofing mortar should be smeared in the outside after the door and window installation, and seals slit between cement mortar and the door-window section bar with the elastic water-proof fluid sealant, or by the specific embodiment ten the hole waterproofing course is set.
Light-duty combined column can not have by the regulation about concrete normal section CALCULATION OF COMPRESSIVE BEARING CAPACITY among " Code for design of concrete structures " GB50010.Make the described flexible body of wall of background technology not only be applicable to frame construction, also be applicable to the body of wall of single with point load, and the single that is applicable to light duty flooring.For example light-duty combined column height 3.0m presses Fig. 1, the one-sided thickness 40mm of the cement mortar of light-duty combined column or pea gravel concreten layer, both sides gross thickness 100mm, width 200mm.Be divided into the inevitable concrete bending rigidity of the concrete bending rigidity of both sides 40mm thickness greater than one-sided thickness 80mm.Core layer thickness 80mm, press 7.3.1 formula among " Code for design of concrete structures " GB50010: , the 7.3.1 that tables look-up, the reinforced concrete member coefficient of stability , light-duty combined column concrete compression section is 200 * 80, each 2 Φ 8 of inside and outside longitudinal reinforcement.
= 0.324 × ( 80000 + 60000 ) = 0.324 × 140000 N = 45360 N = 4.54 t .
F in the following formula c=5N/mm 2Be to be converted to C15 concrete crushing strength design load 7.2N/mm by the M15 cement mortar 2* 0.7=5N/mm 2Value.
Following formula result of calculation mostly can satisfy the point load that the roof truss end reaction of individual layer civilian construction light roof transmits, and (the roof truss end reaction that comprises light roof in snow load and the partial safety factor cloth is no more than 1t usually, and the roof truss end reaction of clay tile roofing can reach 3.5~4t.)。When the rigidity that only relies on light-duty combined column is connected with the basis, light-duty combined column should have enough rigidity and bear the horizontal wind load that external wall and roofing transmit and the ability of geological process, also should consider the stability of light-duty combined column of construction stage as cantilever member.
The specific embodiment ten: referring to Figure 15, Figure 16; present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine differences are; present embodiment increases waterproofing course 15; waterproofing course 15 sticks on the sandwich layer 3 of hole windowsill; or also stick on the light-duty combined column 11 of jamb; or also stick on the light-duty composite beam 12 of door and window hole top (when light-duty composite beam 12 is not pasted waterproofing course 15); waterproofing course 15 is bonding with the interior exterior rendering topping 8-1 of door and window hole, and described waterproofing course is a polymer membranes.Recommend to adopt and good SBC polyethylene polypropylene fiber waterproof coiled material or the polyethylene terylene waterproof roll of cement compatibility.
Polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material or polyethylene terylene waterproof roll are to add age resister, main stick etc. and high-strength novel spun-bond process polypropylene filament yarn nonwoven or woven dacron by linearity ldpe resin, adopt the hot melt and direct press combination process to make, coiled material itself is exactly a heat insulating material.The polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material has the tensile strength height, impervious ability is strong, low temperature flexibility good, linear expansion coefficient is little, easily bonding, the distortion adaptive capacity is strong, the advantage of adaptive temperature wide ranges, good endurance, weight is 300g/m 2The time, thickness is 0.6mm, hot strength standard value 48N/cm.The tensile strength and the durability of polyethylene terylene waterproof roll are much better than the polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material.
On the windowsill sandwich layer of hole waterproofing course is set and not only plays waterproof action, also strengthen socketing inside and outside the combined wall.With the thin stickup waterproof roll of plastering of cement polymer mortar, gross thickness 1~3mm increases and conducts heat seldom.And if inside and outside wire lath (normally gauze wire cloth) is set on the windowsill of hole, socket, increase and conduct heat and the construction inconvenience.Therefore; at the hole windowsill or be provided with on every side that the macromolecule waterproofing course has played waterproof, sockets, the effect of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off killing three birds with one stone; easy construction, cheap, the common quality defect that protection combined wall door and window hole is not taken place because of the rainwater infringement is the technical measures of essence.
When smearing perlite heat-insulating mortar or glue powder polyphenyl particle slurry around at the hole, waterproofing course 15 just sticks on perlite heat-insulating mortar or the glue powder polyphenyl particle slurry.
The specific embodiment 11: referring to Figure 19, Figure 20, present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or tens' difference is, present embodiment increases cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2, it is bonding with it that cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2 are positioned at the both sides or a side of sandwich layer 3, and topping 8-1 plasters for the cement fibrolite plate or the calcium silicate board with microporous outside; Or cement fibrolite plate or the alternative topping 8-1 that plasters of calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2.
When sandwich layer was the relatively poor EPS plate of rigidity, present embodiment had increased the rigidity of sandwich layer, needn't support diagonal brace when sandwich layer is plastered, and plastering construction is more convenient, and plastering on cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2 needs the brushing interfacial agents.The alternative topping of plastering when cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous are thicker.
The specific embodiment 12: referring to Figure 13, present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or tens' difference is that the light-duty composite beam 12 of present embodiment connects with each other, and light-duty composite beam 12 becomes the top collar tie beam of combined wall.
The specific embodiment 13: the difference of present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or 11 is; present embodiment increases alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1; alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 is sticked on light-duty combined column 11; the plaster mutual seam crossing of topping 8-1 of the light-duty composite beam 12 and sandwich layer 3 outsides; or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticked on light-duty combined column 11; cement fibrolite plate of pasting on light-duty composite beam 12 and the sandwich layer 3 or the mutual seam crossing of calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2; or also alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 is sticked on the sandwich layer 3 of hole windowsill, the interior exterior rendering topping 8-1 overlap joint of alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 and hole windowsill is bonding.
Alkaline-resisting screen cloth is sticked on the sandwich layer of hole windowsill; and it is bonding with the interior exterior rendering topping overlap joint of hole windowsill; help socketing of the interior exterior rendering topping of sandwich layer; when the hole is provided with waterproofing course; the alkaline-resisting screen cloth of the non-sticking subsides of hole windowsill; as paste alkaline-resisting screen cloth, alkaline-resisting screen cloth should be positioned at the waterproofing course inboard and be covered by waterproofing course, and bonding with it.Present embodiment helps socketing between the wall body construction, prevents that seam from the crack taking place.If by the specific embodiment 14 alkaline-resisting screen cloth is set, the alkaline-resisting screen cloth of the also non-sticking subsides of seam crossing sockets.
The specific embodiment 14: referring to Fig. 2~Fig. 4, Fig. 7, Figure 10, Figure 15~Figure 20, present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or tens' difference is, present embodiment increases netted tensile materials 5, and described netted tensile materials 5 is alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 or wire lath 5-2 or bamboo reinforcement net 5-3; Netted tensile materials 5 is dived and is embedded in the topping 8-1 that plasters, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on the topping 8-1 surface of plastering.
The specific embodiment 15: referring to Fig. 2~Fig. 4, Fig. 7, Figure 10, Figure 15~Figure 20, the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment 11 is, present embodiment increases netted tensile materials 5, and described netted tensile materials 5 is alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 or wire lath 5-2 or bamboo reinforcement net 5-3; Netted tensile materials 5 is dived and is embedded in the topping 8-1 that plasters, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on the topping 8-1 surface of plastering.
Alkaline-resisting screen cloth or the wire lath or the bamboo reinforcement net of netted tensile materials are set, can strengthen the connection between light-duty combined column, light-duty composite beam, the thistle board greatly, make the globality of combined wall better, help combined wall cracking resistance, antidetonation wind resistance.
The bamboo reinforcement net generally is used for simple construction, in the area that abounds with bamboo, in the bamboo reinforcement net can being arranged in the exterior rendering topping, can determine the specification of bamboo reinforcement net according to test or experience.Wire lath or bamboo reinforcement net should be imbedded in the topping of plastering, and it is more convenient that alkaline-resisting screen cloth sticks on the topping surface of plastering.
The specific embodiment 16: the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment 14 is, the netted tensile materials 5 of the light composite insulation wall of present embodiment is also dived in the adhesive linkage of plastering of the beam be embedded in major structure of construction or plate 1 side, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on the beam or plate 1 surface of major structure of construction.
The specific embodiment 17: the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment 15 is, the netted tensile materials 5 of the light composite insulation wall of present embodiment is also dived in the adhesive linkage of plastering of the beam be embedded in major structure of construction or plate 1 side, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on the beam or plate 1 surface of major structure of construction.
In the embodiment 16 and 17, is cement polymer mortar with netted tensile materials 5 with the beam of major structure of construction or the most reliable cementitious materials of the bonding anchoring of plate side floated coat, promptly just netted tensile materials is connected with the beam or the stickup of plate side of major structure of construction in plastering in the grade beam side.
The specific embodiment 18: referring to Figure 15; the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment 14 is; present embodiment increases anchor bar 2; anchor bar 2 is anchored in the beam or plate 1 of major structure of construction; anchor bar 2 is positioned at the topping 8-1 that plasters, and anchor bar 2 is connected or also colligation connection with netted tensile materials 5 overlap joints.
The specific embodiment 19: referring to Figure 15; the difference of the present embodiment and the specific embodiment 15 is; present embodiment increases anchor bar 2; anchor bar 2 is anchored in the beam or plate 1 of major structure of construction; anchor bar 2 is positioned at the topping 8-1 that plasters, and anchor bar 2 is connected or also colligation connection with netted tensile materials 5 overlap joints.
At the beam slab broad of major structure of construction, when netted tensile materials can not be positioned at two side bonds anchorings of beam,, fixes anchor bar 2 with the beam slab of major structure of construction by being set.The general available Φ 4 galvanizing iron wires of anchor bar, anticorrosion is good, does not increase floated coat thickness.Anchor bar should should satisfy the lap length requirement with netted tensile materials.The essence of embodiment 18,19 is with the anchoring of the netted tensile materials 5 in the anchor bar 2 alternative specific embodiment 16,17 with major structure of construction.
The specific embodiment 16~19 are passed through netted tensile materials self and major structure of construction anchoring, or by anchor bar and netted tensile materials overlap joint and major structure of construction anchoring, make combined wall and be connected as a single entity with being built on the rock, body of wall self rigidity is quite big, can not rely on light-duty combined column antidetonation wind resistance, very favourable to the antidetonation wind resistance, easy construction, institute increases investment seldom.Light composite insulation wall then of the present invention not only could satisfy the requirements for fortification against earthquake under the normal chance geological process, also can be easy to satisfy the requirements for fortification against earthquake under the rarely occurred earthquake effect! See " the light-duty combined wall board Rigidity Calculation book that macromolecule plate and C15 concrete bonding are compound ".
The specific embodiment 20: the difference of present embodiment and the specific embodiment 14 or 15 is that present embodiment substitutes netted tensile materials 5 with waterproofing course 15.Recommend to adopt polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material or polyethylene terylene composite of water-proof coiled material as the body of wall waterproofing course.
Current, the shrinkage ratio loam brick of novel wall material is big, and can produce secondary contraction generation crack after making moist, and is subjected to the infringement of rainwater, and this enforcement side helps to solve the waterproof problem of current composite thermal-insulating wall.Polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material or polyethylene terylene waterproof roll are to add age resister, main stick etc. and high-strength novel spun-bond process polypropylene filament yarn nonwoven or woven dacron by linearity ldpe resin, adopt the hot melt and direct press combination process to make, coiled material itself is exactly a heat insulating material.The polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material has the tensile strength height, impervious ability is strong, low temperature flexibility good, linear expansion coefficient is little, easily bonding, the distortion adaptive capacity is strong, the advantage of adaptive temperature wide ranges, good endurance, weight is 300g/m 2The time, thickness is 0.6mm, hot strength standard value 48N/cm.The tensile strength and the durability of polyethylene terylene waterproof roll are much better than the polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material.So waterproof roll can substitute netted tensile materials, can play the effect of tension material, also anti-water resistance splits.
The specific embodiment 21: referring to Figure 22, present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or tens' difference is, present embodiment increases basic vapour barrier 30, basis vapour barrier 30 the beam of major structure of construction or plate 1 and and the sandwich layer 3 of load-bearing light composite insulation wall between, vapour barrier is sticked on the beam or plate 1 of major structure of construction, sandwich layer 3 is pasted with vapour barrier; Described vapour barrier is a plastic sheeting, or glass or barrier coatings.To wetness difference and easy construction under the base area,, select different vapour barrier materials and different cementitious materialss for use to different core materials.
The specific embodiment 22: present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or tens' difference is that the light-duty combined column 11 of present embodiment is substituted by pin or bamboo post, or light-duty composite beam 12 is substituted by wooden frame or bamboo beam.By ironware connect or fluid concrete with the beam or plate 1 anchoring of pin or bamboo post and major structure of construction.
The specific embodiment 23: present embodiment and the specific embodiment nine or tens' difference is, the sandwich layer 3 of present embodiment is substituted by the lightweight wall, and described lightweight wall is aerated concrete wall or slag sintered aggregate blockwork or perlite blockwork or aluminium sulfate insulation board wall.When adopting the lightweight wall of light inorganic material, can build by laying bricks or stones and carry out cement mortar after the installation or the pea gravel concreten layer is plastered.
High sandwich layer is the combined wall board Rigidity Calculation book of macromolecular material
1, the composite plate rigidity that to calculate wide 1.0m sandwich layer be macromolecular material is seen Figure 23.The rigidity of ignoring polymer sandwich layer, B = 1 12 Eb [ ( h + 2 a ) 3 - h 3 ] , H---core layer thickness; A---floated coat thickness, floated coat are the C15 pea gravel concreten; C15 modulus of elasticity of concrete E=2.8 * 10 4N/mm 2
Combined wall board Rigidity Calculation table during table 1 a=30mm, B = 1 12 Eb [ ( h + 60 ) 3 - h 3 ]
Core layer thickness mm Composite insulation boards Rigidity Calculation N-mm 2/m
??150 ??1000×2.2×10 4(210 3-150 3)/12=1000×2.2×10 7×(9261-3375)/12??=1079.1×10 10=10.79×10 12C25 concrete slab rigidity greater than 160mm in the table 1
??180 ??1000×2.2×10 4(240 3-180 3)/12=1000×2.2×10 7×(13824-5832)/12??=1465.2×10 10=14.65×10 12, greater than the C25 concrete slab rigidity of 180mm in the table 1
2, calculate the rigidity of the C25 concrete slab of wide 1.0m, B = 1 12 Eb h 3 , H---concrete thickness of slab; C25 modulus of elasticity of concrete E=2.8 * 10 4N/mm 2
Table 2 concrete slab Rigidity Calculation table
Concrete slab thickness mm Concrete slab Rigidity Calculation N-mm 2/m
??150 ??1000×2.8×10 4×150 3/12=787.5×10 10=7.875×10 12
??160 ??1000×2.8×10 4×160 3/12=955.73×10 10=7.875×10 12
??180 ??1000×2.8×10 4×180 3/12=1361×10 10=13.61×10 12
By calculating as seen, combined wall when polymer sandwich layer thickness reaches 150mm, light-duty combined wall rigidity is not less than the rigidity of the C25 concrete slab of thickness 160mm, combined wall weight is 15% of 370mm brick wall weight, be 20% of 240mm brick wall weight, be 50% of the hollow slag sintered aggregate wall of 200mm thickness weight, so the geological process that body of wall takes place is also distinguished corresponding minimizing 85%, 80%, 50%, foamed polystyrene board EPS has the effect that absorbs the geological process shock absorbing, be provided with inside and outside the body of wall alkaline-resisting screen cloth or wire lath or bamboo reinforcement net and with basic anchoring, the load-bearing light wall can be easy to satisfy the requirements for fortification against earthquake under the rarely occurred earthquake effect!

Claims (13)

1. light-duty combined column, it comprises indoor longitudinal reinforcement (51-1), outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (51-2), stirrup (21), topping (8); It is characterized in that it also comprises sandwich layer (3); Described indoor longitudinal reinforcement (51-1), outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (51-2) lay respectively in the topping (8) of indoor and outdoors, and described sandwich layer (3) is positioned at the centre of the topping (8) of indoor and outdoors, and sandwich layer (3) is bonding with both sides topping (8); Described stirrup (21) is connected and fixed with indoor longitudinal reinforcement (51-1) and with outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (51-2), forms the light-duty combined column of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; Described sandwich layer (3) is the macromolecule warming plate, or mineral wool panels or straw plate or honeycomb card board or pearlite slab, and described topping (8) is on cement mortar or the microlith coagulation, or described topping (8) is on the cement mortar of modification or the microlith coagulation.
2. the light-duty combined column of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; topping (8) is positioned at three sides of sandwich layer (3); or described topping (8) be positioned at sandwich layer (3) around wrap up sandwich layer (3), what form a kind of three or four sides matcoveredn has a light-duty combined column of heat bridge.
3. light-duty composite beam, it comprises longitudinal reinforcement (51), topping (8); It is characterized in that it also comprises sandwich layer (3) and alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1); Described topping (8) is positioned at the both sides and the top of sandwich layer (3), and topping (8) is bonding with sandwich layer (3); Described longitudinal reinforcement (51) is positioned at topping (8); Alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) is dived and to be embedded in the topping (8) bonding and following bonding with sandwich layer (3) with topping (8), or alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) also sticks on topping (8) surface; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) stick on topping (8) surface and stick on sandwich layer (3) below; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) sticks on the surface of sandwich layer (3), and alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) also sticks on topping (8) surface; Sandwich layer (3), longitudinal reinforcement (51) and topping (8) are twined by alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) parcel, form the light-duty composite beam of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off; Described sandwich layer (3) is the macromolecule warming plate, or mineral wool panels or straw plate or honeycomb card board or perlite mortar; Described topping (8) is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, or described topping (8) is the cement mortar of modification or pea gravel concreten.
4. the light-duty composite beam of a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off according to claim 3; it is characterized in that; it also comprises cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous (8-2); ((8-2) is positioned at the both sides of sandwich layer (3) for cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous; cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous (8-2) are bonding with sandwich layer (3); go up matcoveredn (8) at cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous (8-2); it is bonding with it that alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) is positioned at topping (8) surface, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) to be positioned at the surface of cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous (8-2) bonding with it.
5. according to claim 3 or the light-duty composite beam of 4 described a kind of heat-insulating bridge-cut-offs, it is characterized in that, described topping (8) be positioned at sandwich layer (3) around, what form a kind of four sides matcoveredn has a light-duty composite beam of heat bridge.
6. load-bearing light composite insulation wall, it comprises the beam of major structure of construction or plate (1), light-duty composite beam (12), sandwich layer (3), the topping of plastering (8-1); It is characterized in that it also comprises light-duty combined column (11); Described light-duty combined column (11) is positioned on the beam or plate (1) of major structure of construction, and light-duty combined column (11) is by the beam or plate (1) anchoring of reinforcing bar or steel plate welding and major structure of construction; Described sandwich layer (3) is positioned at the top of the beam of major structure of construction or plate (1) and bonding with it, and sandwich layer (3) is bonding with light-duty combined column (11); Light-duty composite beam (12) is positioned at the door and window hole top, and light-duty composite beam (12) is bearing on the light-duty combined column (11); The outside of light-duty combined column (11), light-duty composite beam (12) and sandwich layer (3) topping (8-1) of plastering is plastered and is connected as a single entity, and forms a kind of light-duty combined wall of load-bearing that light-duty combined column is arranged; Described light-duty combined column (11) is light-duty combined column of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or the light-duty combined column that heat bridge is arranged; Described light-duty composite beam (12) is light-duty composite beam of heat-insulating bridge-cut-off or the light-duty composite beam that heat bridge is arranged; Described sandwich layer (3) is the macromolecule warming plate; or straw plate or mineral wool panels or honeycomb card board or pearlite slab; the described topping of plastering (8-1) is on cement mortar or the microlith coagulation, or the described topping of plastering (8-1) is on the cement mortar of modification or the microlith coagulation.
7. the light-duty combined wall of a kind of load-bearing according to claim 6; it is characterized in that; it also comprises waterproofing course (15); waterproofing course (15) sticks on the sandwich layer (3) of hole windowsill; or also stick on the light-duty combined column (11) of jamb; or also stick on the light-duty composite beam (12) of door and window hole top, waterproofing course (15) is bonding with the interior exterior rendering topping (8-1) of door and window hole, and described waterproofing course (15) is a polymer membranes.
8. according to claim 6 or the light-duty combined wall of 7 described a kind of load-bearing, it is characterized in that, it also comprises cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous (8-2), it is bonding with it that cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous (8-2) are positioned at the both sides or a side of sandwich layer (3), the cement fibrolite plate or the calcium silicate board with microporous outside topping (8-1) of plastering; Or cement fibrolite plate or the alternative topping 8-1 that plasters of calcium silicate board with microporous 8-2.
9. according to claim 6 or the light-duty combined wall of 7 described a kind of load-bearing, it is characterized in that it also comprises netted tensile materials (5); Described netted tensile materials (5) is alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) or wire lath (5-2) bamboo reinforcement net (5-3), and described netted tensile materials (5) is dived and is embedded in the topping of plastering (8-1), or alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) is on the topping of plastering (8-1) surface.
10. the light-duty combined wall of a kind of load-bearing according to claim 8 is characterized in that it also comprises netted tensile materials (5); Described netted tensile materials (5) is alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) or wire lath (5-2) bamboo reinforcement net (5-3), and described netted tensile materials (5) is dived and is embedded in the topping of plastering (8-1), or alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) is on the topping of plastering (8-1) surface.
11. the light-duty combined wall of a kind of load-bearing according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described netted tensile materials 5 is also dived in the adhesive linkage of plastering of the beam be embedded in major structure of construction or plate 1 side, or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks on the beam or plate 1 surface of major structure of construction.
12. the light-duty combined wall of a kind of load-bearing according to claim 9; it is characterized in that; it also comprises anchor bar (2); anchor bar (2) is anchored at the beam or the plate (1) of major structure of construction; anchor bar (2) is positioned at the topping of plastering (8-1), and anchor bar (2) is connected or also colligation connection with netted tensile materials (5) overlap joint.
13. the light-duty combined wall of a kind of load-bearing according to claim 10; it is characterized in that; it also comprises anchor bar (2); anchor bar (2) is anchored at the beam or the plate (1) of major structure of construction; anchor bar (2) is positioned at the topping of plastering (8-1), and anchor bar (2) is connected or also colligation connection with netted tensile materials (5) overlap joint.
CN201010100711A 2009-09-18 2010-01-26 Lightweight composite column, lightweight composite beam and load bearing lightweight composite thermal-insulation wall body Pending CN101775849A (en)

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CN201010100711A CN101775849A (en) 2009-09-18 2010-01-26 Lightweight composite column, lightweight composite beam and load bearing lightweight composite thermal-insulation wall body

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102071773A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-05-25 黄靓 Split heat-preservation combination column
CN102102421A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-06-22 黄靓 Split heat insulation combined beam
CN102121294A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-13 黄靓 Notched heat-insulating beam
CN102535709A (en) * 2012-02-20 2012-07-04 湖南大学 Heat preservation and thermal insulation floor
CN102744765A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-24 南京林业大学 Bamboo laminated wood and straw composite beam or column member
CN102926482A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-02-13 大连共益建设集团有限公司 External waterproof structure of exterior wall of building and construction method thereof
CN103046668A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-17 江苏建华新型墙材有限公司 Wall spliced by wallboards
CN104420556A (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-18 吴淑环 Assembly type energy-saving wall
CN104619932A (en) * 2012-08-09 2015-05-13 蓝野建筑北美有限公司 Wall system with vapor barrier securement
CN105064543A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-18 歌山建设集团有限公司 Formwork-free constructional column and construction method
CN105275208A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 Prefabricated out-hung wall panel construction method
CN105804432A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-27 河南华泰建材开发有限公司 Lightweight steel composite type villa

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102102421A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-06-22 黄靓 Split heat insulation combined beam
CN102121294A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-13 黄靓 Notched heat-insulating beam
CN102071773A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-05-25 黄靓 Split heat-preservation combination column
CN102535709A (en) * 2012-02-20 2012-07-04 湖南大学 Heat preservation and thermal insulation floor
CN102744765A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-24 南京林业大学 Bamboo laminated wood and straw composite beam or column member
CN102744765B (en) * 2012-07-18 2015-12-16 南京林业大学 A kind of bamboo glulam straw composite beam or post component
CN104619932B (en) * 2012-08-09 2015-12-02 蓝野建筑北美有限公司 There is the wall system of vapour barrier protection
CN104619932A (en) * 2012-08-09 2015-05-13 蓝野建筑北美有限公司 Wall system with vapor barrier securement
CN102926482A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-02-13 大连共益建设集团有限公司 External waterproof structure of exterior wall of building and construction method thereof
CN103046668A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-17 江苏建华新型墙材有限公司 Wall spliced by wallboards
CN104420556A (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-18 吴淑环 Assembly type energy-saving wall
CN105804432A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-27 河南华泰建材开发有限公司 Lightweight steel composite type villa
CN105064543A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-18 歌山建设集团有限公司 Formwork-free constructional column and construction method
CN105275208A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 Prefabricated out-hung wall panel construction method

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