CN101774850B - Multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN101774850B
CN101774850B CN 201010013648 CN201010013648A CN101774850B CN 101774850 B CN101774850 B CN 101774850B CN 201010013648 CN201010013648 CN 201010013648 CN 201010013648 A CN201010013648 A CN 201010013648A CN 101774850 B CN101774850 B CN 101774850B
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fertilizer
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CN101774850A (en
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王俊义
郭联铭
陈参军
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甘肃中瑞盛邦农资有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method comprises the following steps: uniformly spraying a compound amino acid complex solution of trace elements containing Fe, B, Mn, Cu, Zn and Mo, rare earth elements containing Ce and La and beneficial mineral elements containing Ni, Co and Ti on grass carbon, brown coal or weathered coal powder, airing or drying, and then crushing to obtain a material A; preparing dicyandiamide used as a nitrification inhibitor into an ammonia solution to be adsorbed on carboxymethyl cellulose used as a water retention agent, airing or drying, and then crushing to obtain a material B; mixing cobalt sulfide and molybdenum sulfide which are used as nitrogen fixation catalysts with bean cakes or corn starch to obtain a material C; and uniformly mixing the material A, the material B and the material C to obtain the additive. The multifunctional compound fertilizer added with the additive of the invention has the advantages of fixing nitrogen, dissolving phosphorus, enriching soil, reducing nutrient loss, improving nutrient utilization ratio, improving crop enzyme activity, promoting metabolism, improving crop quality, increasing crop yield, retaining water, saving water, resisting drought, regulating buffering acidity or saline-alkali soil, and improving soil structure.

Description

—种多功能复混肥添加剂及其制备方法 - kind of multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于肥料添加剂技术领域,尤其是涉及一种多功能复混肥添加剂及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field fertilizer additive, in particular, it relates to a multifunctional compound fertilizer additives and their method of preparation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前国内生产的多功能复混肥品牌不少,但实际使用功能不能令人满意,有的功能几乎没有,导致这种结果的原因是多方面的。 [0002] At present, many domestic fertilizer production of multi-brand, but the actual function is not satisfactory, some barely function, the cause of this result is multifaceted. 为使复混肥具有多功能,目前采取的方法措施有:加入脲酶抑制剂和硝化抑制剂,抑制尿素水解NH4+化和NH4+的硝化,延长氮肥的肥效期。 For a multi-functional fertilizer, methods and measures being taken are: urease inhibitor was added and the nitrification inhibitor, inhibiting the hydrolysis of urea and NH4 + NH4 + nitration, the extension of Nitrogen fertilizer. 因为两种抑制剂价格均高,加量不足,抑制有限。 Because the two prices inhibitors are high, is insufficient increase the amount of inhibition is limited. 另外,两种抑制剂也同氮肥一样随雨水流失或因土壤沙化漏失。 In addition, two inhibitors is the same with nitrogen with the rain or because of the loss of soil desertification dropout. 因此。 therefore. 氮肥的长效性不够,有待研究开发;为防止以无机盐形态存在的稀土元素和微量元素与复混肥中存在的P043_反应生成不溶性磷酸盐而失效,先把它们转变成氨基酸或腐殖酸络合物,再与氮、磷、钾肥混合生产复混肥。 Nitrogen insufficient long-term, research and development to be; P043_ the reaction to prevent the presence of inorganic salts of rare earth elements form compound fertilizers and trace elements present in the formation of insoluble phosphates fail, they are first converted into amino acids or humic acid complex, and then mixing with the production of nitrogen fertilizer, phosphorus and potassium. 因它们络合物的稳定性小于其磷酸盐的稳定性,必然有相当大一部分会生成不溶性磷酸盐而失效。 Stability due to their complex phosphate is less than its stability, there must be generated a significant portion of insoluble phosphates fail. 另外,农用稀土络合物和微量元素络合物单独添加,其生理效应远小于同时添加。 Further, agricultural and trace elements complexes of rare earth complexes added individually, which is far less than the physiological effects added simultaneously. 因此,农用稀土和微量元素的生理功能表现不足,有待研究开发;目前,复混肥的固氮解磷解钾功能,是依靠与具有固氮解磷解钾功能的生物菌肥混合施用实现的。 Therefore, rare earths and trace element deficiencies agricultural performance of physiological functions, pending research and development; currently, Phosphorus and Potassium fertilizer nitrogen-fixing function, and have to rely on nitrogen fixation Phosphorus and Potassium function of biological fertilizer mixed application implementation. 因细菌的生存繁衍与环境条件关系很大,复混肥中的无机盐对细菌所造成的渗透压,给细菌的生存繁衍带来很大麻烦,可能会使其死亡。 Due to the large reproduction and survival of the relationship between environmental conditions, bacteria, inorganic salts of compound fertilizer osmotic pressure caused by the bacteria, the bacteria to survive and multiply in great trouble, may make death. 大量细菌死亡,菌肥功能丧失。 The death of a large number of bacteria, fertilizer loss of function. 因此,应致力开发具有固氮解磷解钾功能的非菌类复混肥添加剂;水肥是作物的食粮,为解决旱地土壤水分供给不持续问题,极少数复混肥中添加了保水节水剂。 Thus, it should be to develop a non-nitrogen-fixing fungi fertilizer additive has functions Phosphorus and Potassium; fertilizer is food crops, upland soil moisture supply in order to solve the problem is not sustained, very few fertilizers added to saving water retention agent. 因保水剂选择性能、加量等原因,造成复混肥保水节水功能很差。 Select properties due to water retention agent, dosage and other factors, compound fertilizer poor water retention water-saving features. 在致力开发吸水率极高、用量极少、廉价无污染的保水剂的同时,还应开发减少植物蒸腾水分的生长调节剂。 To develop the high water absorption, very little amount, water retention agents pollution while inexpensive, should be developed to reduce the plant growth regulator transpiration moisture.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明所要解决的技术问题在于针对上述现有技术中的不足,提供一种使微量元素和农用稀土元素不生成不溶性磷酸盐且具有固氮、解磷、解钾功能的非菌类多功能复混肥添加剂,以延长复混肥中氮肥的肥效期,提高磷、钾肥的肥效,保水节水,调节缓冲酸性或盐碱地,改善土壤结构,提高作物品质,增加作物产量。 [0003] The present invention solves the technical problem in view of the above prior art deficiencies, trace elements and provide an agricultural element can not form an insoluble phosphate and having nitrogen fixation, Phosphate, Potassium multi-functional non-fungi fertilizer additives function to extend the fertilizer in the fertilizer of nitrogen, phosphorus and improve efficiency, potash, water saving, acidic or adjustment buffer saline, improve soil structure, improve crop quality, increased crop yields.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案是:一种多功能复混肥添加剂,其特征在于,由物料A、物料B和物料C三种物料混合均匀制得,其中:物料A4130〜4165kg,物料B 155kg,物料C 65kg ; [0004] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the invention is: a multifunctional compound fertilizer additive, characterized in that the material A, material B and material C prepared by uniformly mixing three materials, wherein: Material A4130~4165kg, material B 155kg, material C 65kg;

[0005] 所述物料A由以下原料制成: [0005] A material made from the following raw materials:

[0006] ZnSO4 · 7H20 50kg FeSO4 · 7H20 100kg [0006] ZnSO4 · 7H20 50kg FeSO4 · 7H20 100kg

[0007] MnSO4 · H2O 50kg CuSO4 · 5H20 50kg [0007] MnSO4 · H2O 50kg CuSO4 · 5H20 50kg

[0008] Na2B4O7 · IOH2O 50kg (NH4)2MoO4 25kg [0008] Na2B4O7 · IOH2O 50kg (NH4) 2MoO4 25kg

[0009] NiSO4 · 7H20 IOkg TiCl3 IOkg[0010] CoCl2 · 2H20 20kg Ce (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg [0009] NiSO4 · 7H20 IOkg TiCl3 IOkg [0010] CoCl2 · 2H20 20kg Ce (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg

[0011] La(NO3)3 · 6H20 50kg 草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉3000kg [0011] La (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg peat, lignite or coal weathering 3000kg

[0012] 复合氨基酸溶液3500L; [0012] Compound 3500L acid solution;

[0013] 其中,复合氨基酸溶液的浓度190g/L〜200g/L,草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉中腐殖酸质量含量不小于30% ; [0013] wherein the composite mass content concentration amino acid solution of 190g / L~200g / L, peat, lignite or humic acid weathered coal is not less than 30%;

[0014] 所述物料B由以下原料制成: [0014] The raw material B is made of the following:

[0015] 双氰胺氨水溶液20L,羧甲基纤维素150kg ; [0015] ammonia solution dicyandiamide 20L, carboxymethylcellulose 150kg;

·[0016] 所述双氰胺氨水溶液是将5kg双氰胺溶于20L农用氨水中的氨水溶液,所述农用氨水中的NH3彡15wt%,羧甲基纤维素的粒度为80〜100目; * [0016] The aqueous ammonia solution is dicyandiamide, dicyandiamide was dissolved in ammonia solution 5kg 20L agricultural aqueous ammonia, NH3 San aqueous ammonia in the agricultural 15wt%, carboxymethyl cellulose particle size 80 ~ 100 mesh is ;

[0017] 所述物料C由以下原料制成: [0017] The raw material C is made of the following:

[0018] 硫化钴和硫化钥的混合物15kg,豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉50kg ; [0018] The mixture was 15kg sulfide, cobalt sulfide and keys, 50kg soybean powder or corn starch;

[0019] 所述硫化钴与硫化钥的质量比为I : 1,粒度< 100目,豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉的粒 [0019] The mass sulfide, cobalt sulfide and the key ratio of I: 1, particle size <100 mesh grain, soybean powder or corn starch

度< 60目。 Of <60 mesh.

[0020] 本发明的另一目的是提供一种多功能复混肥添加剂的制备方法,其特征在于,该方法包括以下步骤: [0020] Another object of the present invention is to provide a versatile method for preparing fertilizer additive, characterized in that the method comprises the steps of:

[0021] 步骤一、物料A的制备:称取以下各原料:ZnS04 · 7H2050kg、FeSO4 · 7H20100kg、MnSO4 · H2050kg、CuSO4 · 5H2050kg、Na2B4O7 · 10H2050kg、(NH4) 2Mo0425kg、NiSO4 · 7H2010kg、TiCl3IOkg,CoCl2 .2H2020kg、Ce (NO3) 3 ·6Η20501^和La (NO3) 3 ·6Η20501^,在6000L带搅拌器的搪瓷反应釜中加入浓度为190g/L〜200g/L的复合氨基酸溶液3500L,通蒸汽加热至50°C,开启搅拌器,缓慢依次加入上述称取的原料,待原料完全溶解后升温至100°C〜110°C,保持搪瓷反应釜内液体沸腾,反应4h,趁热将搪瓷反应釜内溶液喷洒于3000kg草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉上,边喷边翻动,喷洒尽量均匀,风干或烘干后粉碎,即得物料A ; [0021] Step a, preparation of material A: Weigh each take the following starting materials: ZnS04 · 7H2050kg, FeSO4 · 7H20100kg, MnSO4 · H2050kg, CuSO4 · 5H2050kg, Na2B4O7 · 10H2050kg, (NH4) 2Mo0425kg, NiSO4 · 7H2010kg, TiCl3IOkg, CoCl2. 2H2020kg, Ce (NO3) 3 · 6Η20501 ^ and La (NO3) 3 · 6Η20501 ^, added at a concentration in the enamel 6000L reactor equipped with a stirrer was 190g / L~200g / L solution of a complex amino acid 3500L, to pass heating steam 50 ° C, the stirrer was slowly added to the feed successively weighed in the above, until complete dissolution of starting material was heated to 100 ° C~110 ° C, holding enamel kettle boiling liquid reaction, the reaction 4h, the reaction kettle while hot enamel solution is sprayed onto 3000kg peat, lignite or coal weathering, spray edge flip side, as far as possible uniform spray, and air-dried or dried and pulverized to obtain the material A;

[0022] 步骤二、物料B的制备:称取双氰胺5kg溶于20L农用氨水中制得双氰胺氨水溶液,农用氨水中的NH3彡15wt%,称取粒度为80〜100目的羧甲基纤维素150kg,将双氰胺氨水溶液均匀喷洒于羧甲基纤维素上,边喷边翻动,喷洒尽量均匀,风干或烘干后粉碎,即得物料B ; [0022] Step II Preparation of Feed B: Weigh dicyandiamide dissolved in 5kg 20L agricultural ammonia aqueous ammonia solution prepared dicyandiamide, NH3 San agricultural aqueous ammonia 15wt%, a particle size of 80 ~ 100 weighed object carboxymethyl cellulose 150kg, dicyandiamide aqueous ammonia solution was uniformly sprayed on carboxymethyl cellulose, spray edge flip side, as far as possible uniform spray, and air-dried or dried and pulverized to obtain the material B;

[0023] 步骤三、物料C的制备:称取粒度不大于100目的硫化钴和硫化钥混合物15kg,硫化钴与硫化钥质量比为I : 1,称取粒度不大于60目的豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉50kg,将上述两种原料混合均匀即得物料C ; [0023] Step III Preparation of Feed C: Weigh size not greater than 100 mesh cobalt sulfide and key mixtures vulcanization 15kg, sulfide, cobalt vulcanization key mass ratio of I: 1, was weighed size not greater than 60 object soybean powder or corn starch 50kg, the above two raw materials are mixed to obtain a uniform material C;

[0024] 步骤四、多功能复混肥添加剂的制备:将步骤一中的物料A4130〜4165kg、步骤二中的物料B155kg和步骤三中的物料C65kg混合均匀,即得多功能复混肥添加剂。 [0024] Step IV Preparation of multi-functional fertilizer additive: in the step of the material in a A4130~4165kg, step two and step three materials B155kg material C65kg uniformly mixed to obtain fertilizer multifunctional additives.

[0025] 本发明添加剂选用的微量元素、农用稀土元素、有益矿质元素均为该元素的可溶性无机盐。 [0025] The present invention is an additive selected trace elements, agricultural rare earth element, the advantageous mineral elements are soluble inorganic element. 为防止上述元素与磷肥或土壤中的po43_反应生成不溶性磷酸盐而失效,应对它们进行络合。 To prevent the above elements po43_ reaction with phosphorus in the soil or generating insoluble phosphates fail, they should be complexed. 先用复合氨基酸溶液络合,继续用富含腐殖酸的草炭、褐煤或风化煤络合。 First with complex composite amino acid solution, continue to use humic acid-rich peat, lignite or weathered coal complex. 因它们氨基酸或腐殖酸络合物的稳定性均小于它们的磷酸盐,故它们部分生成不溶性磷酸盐是难免的。 Stability due to their amino acid or a humic acid complexes are less than their phosphate, so that they are part of an insoluble phosphate is inevitable. 若选择络合能力更强的络合剂,如EDTA等,因价高、成本大,不宜选用。 If you choose a stronger complexing ability of complexing agents, such as EDTA, etc., because of high prices, the cost of large, should not be optional. 为减少损失,把它们的氨基酸、腐殖酸络合物吸附在具有较强吸附能力的草炭、褐煤或风化煤上,尽量减少在复混肥加工过程中它们与磷肥的接触机会。 To reduce losses, to their amino acid, humic acid complexes adsorbed on peat, lignite or weathered coal has a strong adsorption capacity, to minimize the chance of contact thereof with the phosphate fertilizer processing. 腐殖酸也是作物营养成分、生长调节剂、生物酶的活化剂、脲酶抑制剂、土壤解磷剂、蓄肥保水剂、土壤改良剂。 Humic also crop nutrients, growth regulators, enzyme activators, urease inhibitors, solubilizing agents soil, water retaining agent storage fertilizer, soil conditioner. [0026] 本发明选用复合氨基酸络合剂及腐殖酸络合剂两种。 [0026] Compound of the present invention selects two kinds of amino acid complexing agent complexing and humus. 复合氨基酸络合物比单一氨基酸络合物生产成本低且增产提质效果好。 Compound amino acid complexes than a single amino acid complexes produce low cost and provide good quality stimulation effect. 复合氨基酸络合剂与腐殖酸络合剂同时作用,由于协同效应,络合效果比单一络合剂好。 Humic complexing compound amino acid complexing agent to act simultaneously, due to the synergistic effect, complexation better results than a single complexing agent.

[0027] 本发明添加剂中微量元素为Fe、B、Mn、Cu、Zn、Mo,稀土元素为Ce、La,有益矿质元素为Ni、Co、Ti。 Additives [0027] In the present invention, trace elements Fe, B, Mn, Cu, Zn, Mo, rare earth element is Ce, La, advantageous mineral elements as Ni, Co, Ti. 三类元素同时使用,效应协同,作用互补,功能突出。 Three elements simultaneously, a synergistic effect, the role of complementary, features prominent.

[0028] 本发明添加剂中抑制剂一剂多用。 [0028] Additives according to the present invention with more than one inhibitor. 双氰胺(DCD)既是硝化抑制剂,抑制NH4+ — N03-、NO3- — NO和NO3- — N2O反应,减少NH4+损失,同时它又是氮肥。 Dicyandiamide (DCD) both nitrification inhibitor, NH4 + - N03-, NO3- - NO and NO3- - N2O reaction, reducing the loss of NH4 +, but it also is nitrogen. 富含腐殖酸的草炭、褐煤、风化煤既是脲酶抑制剂,抑制尿素在脲酶作用下的水解反应,即C0(NH2)2+2H20脲酶> (NH4)2CO3 (因NH4+不易在土壤中保留,易造成流失)。 Rich in humic peat, lignite, weathered coal both a urease inhibitor, a hydrolysis reaction of urea at a urea action of the enzyme, i.e., C0 (NH2) 2 + 2H20 urease> (NH4) 2CO3 (due to NH4 + is not easy to remain in the soil, It could easily lead to the loss). 同时 Simultaneously

它们又是有机肥、还是络合剂、植物生长调节剂、多种酶的活化剂、解磷剂(因腐殖酸具有弱酸性,能将土壤中固定下来而难被作物吸收利用的不溶性磷转化为可溶性磷)、蓄肥保水剂(因风化煤具有较强的吸附性)、节水抗旱剂(因腐殖酸能抑制作物气孔开度、减少植物水分蒸腾)、土壤改良剂(因腐殖酸具有很好的离子交换性能,对酸性土壤及盐碱土壤都具有调节缓冲作用,草炭、褐煤或风化煤属有机物,能改善土壤结构)。 They are also organic fertilizer, or complexing agents, plant growth regulators, more enzyme activators, solubilizing agents (due to humic acid with a weakly acidic, can be fixed in the soil is absorbed by crops used hard insoluble phosphorus conversion of soluble phosphate), fertilizer and storage agent (due to weathering coal having a strong adsorption), water drought agent (humic acid can be suppressed by stomata crop, reduce plant transpiration water), soil conditioner (due to rot colonization acid has good ion exchange properties, acidic and saline soils are soils regulate buffer, peat, lignite or weathered coal of organism, can improve soil structure).

[0029] 本发明添加剂中的保水剂为羧甲基纤维素,是一种有机高分子聚合物,网状分子链结构。 [0029] The water-retaining agent according to the present invention the additive is carboxymethyl cellulose, an organic polymer, the molecular chain of the mesh structure. 遇水后电离生成的离子对水有极强的亲合作用,能迅速吸收比自身质量大数百倍甚至上千倍的水。 After ionized water generated ions have a strong affinity for the hydration, can rapidly absorb hundreds of times greater than their own mass of water and even thousands of times. 吸水后膨胀为水凝胶,可缓慢释放吸收的水分供给作物。 After swelling a hydrogel, may be supplied to slow release crops to absorb water. 吸水剂具有反复吸水性能,吸足水后释放水的周期长,可达4-6个月,比其他吸水剂如聚丙烯酰胺价格低得多。 Water absorbing agent having repeated water absorption, release of water after absorbing enough water cycle is long, up to 4-6 months, much lower than other water-absorbing agent such as polyacrylamide price.

[0030] 本发明添加剂中的固氮催化剂为硫化钴和硫化钥的混合物,并与豆饼、玉米淀粉混合。 [0030] Nitrogen Fixation catalyst additive according to the present invention is a mixture of sulfide, cobalt sulfide and keys, and corn starch are mixed and soybean. 豆饼、玉米淀粉为微生物菌群的生存繁衍提供丰富营养,微生物生命活动中分泌的酶等活性物质能激发硫化钴、硫化钥的常温固氮活性,加速其固氮过程的进行。 Soybean meal, corn starch survive and multiply to provide nutritious microflora, microbial life activities of enzymes secreted to stimulate an active material, cobalt sulfide, room temperature vulcanizing keys nitrogenase activity, accelerated nitrogen fixation process.

[0031] 本发明的添加剂IOOkg与900kg生产复混肥的其他原料(氮肥、磷肥、钾肥、膨润土)混合造粒,可得具有多功能的复混肥产品。 [0031] Other raw materials and additives of the present invention IOOkg 900kg of compound fertilizer (nitrogen, phosphate, potash, bentonite) mixing granulation, the fertilizer may have a multi-functional product.

[0032] 本发明与现有技术相比具有以下优点: [0032] The prior art and the present invention has the following advantages:

[0033] (I)用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥产品养分齐全、缓释、长效、有效。 [0033] (I) nutrient fertilizer product prepared by the present invention, the additive is complete, sustained, long-lasting, effective. 用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥产品中不仅含有作物生长必需的大量元素、中量元素,还含有作物生长必需的微量元素、农用稀土元素及有益矿质元素。 Fertilizer products produced with additives of the invention contains not only a large number of elements necessary for the growth of crops, the amount of the element, also contains trace elements, rare earth elements and agriculturally advantageous mineral elements necessary for the growth of crops. 大、中量元素采用加入抑制剂、吸附剂等进行缓释长效化处理。 Large amount of the element employed in the addition of the inhibitor, long-term release of an adsorbent or the like process. 微量元素、稀土元素、矿质元素采用氨基酸、腐殖酸络合,再用具有较强吸附性的草炭、褐煤、风化煤进行吸附和包裹处理,阻止微量、稀土、矿质元素生成不溶性磷酸盐而失效,保持了元素供给的长效性和有效性。 Trace elements, rare earth elements, mineral elements using amino acids, humic acid complex, then with a strong adsorption of peat, lignite, coal adsorption weathered package handling and prevent trace, rare earth, mineral elements fail to form insoluble phosphates , maintaining long-term effectiveness and supply elements. 氮的释放期可延长30〜50天,氮的利用率可提高20%〜25%,磷的利用率可提高25%〜30%。 Nitrogen extended release of 30 ~ 50 days, the availability of nitrogen can be increased by 20% ~ 25%, the utilization of phosphorus may be increased by 25% ~ 30%.

[0034] (2)刺激促进作物生长,提高作物产量。 [0034] (2) promote crop growth stimulation, increase crop yields. 用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥产品中含有的复合氨基酸及腐殖酸是多种酶的活化剂,作物体内酶的活化无疑会促进作物生长。 Humic acid fertilizer and composite products made with the present invention, the additive is contained in an activator of many enzymes, enzyme activation in Crops will undoubtedly promote crop growth. 氨基酸、腐殖酸也是作物的有机营养,小分子的氨基酸、腐殖酸可被作物直接吸收利用,不同氨基酸对不同作物有独特的生理作用,这种作用是其他物质难以替代的。 Amino acids, humic acid organic nutrients are crops, small molecules, humic acid can be directly absorbed by crops, different amino acid has a unique physiological role of different crops, this effect is difficult to replace other substances. 腐殖酸不仅是作物生长调节剂,还是抗旱抗枯萎剂。 Humic acid is not only a plant growth regulator, anti-withering agent or drought. 它能调节控制植物气孔开度,使植物在缺水时气孔开度变小,减少水分蒸腾,增强抗旱性,使在干旱缺水时产量不致降得很低。 Which regulates the control of stomatal aperture plant, a plant stomatal aperture when water is small, reducing transpiration, enhanced drought resistance, so that when the drop will not yield arid low. 氨基酸螯合稀土对作物有良好的生理作用,增强作物根系发育,促进水肥吸收,增强作物呼吸作用,促进叶绿素合成,增强光合作用,促进酶的活化,加速物质转化,提高作物产量。 Amino acid chelated rare earth good physical effect on crops, enhancing root development, promotion of absorption of water and fertilizer, enhance crop respiration, promotion of chlorophyll synthesis, enhance photosynthesis, promote the activation of the enzyme, a substance accelerating the conversion, increase crop yields. 有益矿质元素Ti对氮及多种营养元素的吸收转化均有良好作用,Ni对某些作物的生长有促进作用,钴能加速豆科植物根瘤菌的固氮过程,Si能提高水稻叶片直立度,减少相互遮阴,防止倒伏,防止真菌感染,增加抗病性。 Conversion beneficial mineral elements Ti Uptake of a variety of nutrients and have good action, Ni can promote the growth of some crops, can accelerate the process of nitrogen fixation cobalt rhizobia, Si can be improved rice leaf upright, reduce shade each other, to prevent lodging, prevent fungal infections, increased disease resistance. 保水剂羧甲基纤维素及时供给水分,若营养元素及时充足供给,通过水、肥两种增产因素交互作用,能大大提高作物产量。 Aquasorb carboxymethylcellulose timely supply of water, if adequate and timely supply of nutrients, water by two factors increase fat interaction can greatly increase crop yield.

[0035] (3)提升作物品质,降低硝酸盐含量。 [0035] (3) improve crop quality, reduced nitrate content. 用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥中含有的蛋白、淀粉、氨基酸、腐殖酸纤维素在分解过程中,除生成作物生长需要的养分外,还产生作物光合作用必需的CO2,为光合作用的进行提供了物质条件。 Protein produced by the present invention, fertilizer additive contained, starch, amino acids, cellulose, humic acid decomposition process, in addition to generating a nutrient required for growth of crops, but also produce the necessary crop photosynthesis CO2 for photosynthesis It was provided the material conditions. 氨基酸、腐殖酸能提高光合作用中多种酶的活性,使作物能更有效地进行碳素同化和糖分的合成分解及转化,增加果实中糖分及维生素含量。 Amino acids, humic acid can enhance the activity of various enzymes of photosynthesis, plants can more efficiently make synthesis and decomposition and transformation Starkrimsom sugar, fruit sugar and increased vitamin content. 在无需光合作用的条件下,氨基酸直接参与作物体内蛋白质的合成,增加果实中蛋白质含量。 Under conditions without photosynthesis, amino acids directly involved in protein synthesis crops, fruit protein content increases. 氨基酸和腐殖酸激发和提高了多种酶的活性,加速作物新陈代谢,提高作物抗毒排毒能力,降低了果实中硝酸盐、亚硝酸盐及重金属含量。 Amino acid and humic acid to stimulate and increase the activity of various enzymes, accelerate the metabolism of crops, improve the anti-drug detoxification capacity of plants, fruit reduces nitrate, nitrite and heavy metal content. 如番茄果实的有机酸含量降幅为3. 5%〜10. 0%,可溶性糖含量增幅为O. 5%〜10.2%,VC含量增幅为10. 5%〜25. 5%,硝酸盐含量降幅为10. 0%〜18. 6%,重金属含量降幅为30. 5%〜40. 3% ;红富士苹果的糖酸比提高5. 5%〜8. 5%,VC含量增幅为9%〜20%,硝酸盐含量降幅为8. 0%〜12. 0%,重金属含量降幅为32. 3%〜43. 5%。 The organic acid content of tomato fruit drop of 3.5% ~ 10. 0%, an increase of soluble sugar content O. 5% ~10.2%, VC content increased by 10.5% ~ 25. 5%, decrease the nitrate content to 10.0% ~ 18 6%, heavy metal content of 30.5% decline 3% ~ 40;... of apple fruit sugar to acid ratio increased 5. 5% ~8 5%, VC content increased from 9% to 20%, decrease the nitrate content of 8.0% ~ 12. 0%, heavy metal content ~43 decline of 32.3%. 5%.

[0036] (4)固氮解磷,增加土壤肥力。 [0036] (4) solubilizing nitrogen fixation, increase soil fertility. 用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥中含有的腐殖酸是一种有机酸,它能将被土壤固定下来而难被作物吸收的元素重新解析出来供作物吸收利用。 Fertilizer with humic acid prepared according to the present invention, the additive is contained in an organic acid, it is rather difficult to be fixed soil crops to absorb the elements for re-parsed crops absorb. 如将难溶性磷酸盐转变成可溶性或拘溶性磷酸盐供作物吸收利用。 As will be insoluble or soluble phosphates into insoluble phosphates arrest for crops absorb. 固氮催化剂能促进固氮反应的进行,增加土壤氮含量。 The catalyst can promote nitrogen fixation for nitrogen fixation reaction, increase soil nitrogen content. 草炭、褐煤、风化煤、羧甲基纤维素、豆饼、玉米淀粉增加了土壤中有机质含量,为土壤中微生物的生存繁衍提供了丰富的食粮。 Peat, lignite, coal weathering, carboxymethylcellulose, soybean, corn starch increased soil organic matter content, provides a rich food for soil microorganisms to survive and multiply. 通过微生物的活动,加快有机质的降解,降解过程中释放出来的气体和水分又为微生物在土壤中复苏并进入对数期提供了良好条件。 By microbial activity and accelerate the degradation of organic matter, released during the degradation of gas and water and for the recovery of microorganisms in the soil and provide good conditions for entering log phase. 土壤中有益微生物菌群(如固氮菌、解磷解钾菌)大量增加,通过功能生物菌的作用,可增加土壤中含氮量,转化土壤中潜在养分磷和钾。 Beneficial microbial flora in soil (e.g., nitrogen fixing bacteria Phosphorus and Potassium) a significant increase, by the action of bacteria of the biological function, increase the nitrogen content of the soil, the conversion of potential soil nutrients phosphorus and potassium.

[0037] (5)改良土壤,为作物生长提供良好的土壤环境。 [0037] (5) improve the soil, crop to provide a good soil environment. 用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥中含有的氨基酸、腐殖酸、纤维素等有机物,能改善土壤团粒结构,分解土壤沉积物,清除土壤垃圾,降解农药残留。 Amino acid, humic acid, cellulose and the like organic fertilizer of the present invention comprises the preparation of an additive, can improve soil aggregate structure, decomposing soil sediments, soil remove garbage, degradation of pesticide residues. 氨基酸、腐殖酸均具有很强的离子交换作用,对酸性土壤、盐碱土壤均具有很好的调节、缓冲、改良作用。 Amino acids, humic acid has strong ion exchange, acidic soils, saline soils have good regulation, buffer, amelioration. 草炭、褐煤、风化煤、羧甲基纤维素是一种松散性有机物,使土壤变得疏松,它们也是土壤微生物生存繁衍的食粮。 Peat, lignite, coal weathering, carboxymethylcellulose organic material is a loose, become loose soil, they are also food soil microbes to survive and multiply. 通过微生物活动,增加了土壤孔穴,提高了土壤的透气性、吸收性和保蓄性,为作物生长提供了良好的水、肥、气、热、土壤环境。 By microbial activity, increased soil pores, increased permeability, absorption and retention properties of soil storage, to provide a good crop of water, fertilizer, gas, heat, soil environment.

[0038] (6)增产提质,提高种植效益。 [0038] (6) Yield and Quality, improved planting benefit. 前文叙述过使用本发明添加剂制备的复混肥增产提质的显著效果,因增产提质,必然降低施肥成本,提高种植效益。 The foregoing describes a remarkable effect of additives was prepared by using the fertilizer of the present invention, Yield and Quality, by increasing and Quality, necessarily reduce fertilization costs, increase efficiency cultivation. 如加入本发明添加剂制备的复混肥,氮、磷、钾总养分为45%,氮、磷、钾质量比为I : I : I的复混肥产品与不加入本发明添加剂,氮、磷、钾总养分为45%,氮、磷、钾质量比为I : I : I的复混肥产品相比,力口入本发明添加剂制备的多功能复混肥增产效果非常显著,小麦每亩单施50kg加入本发明添加剂制备的多功能复混肥与小麦每亩单施50kg其他复混肥相比,小麦亩产由355kg提高至405kg,增产14.7%。 The preparation of the additive of the present invention is added to fertilizer, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium nutrients for a total of 45% of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a mass ratio of I: I: I fertilizer product of the present invention and without addition of additives, nitrogen, phosphorus , 45% of the total nutrient potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a mass ratio of I: I: I, as compared to fertilizer products of the present invention is prepared into oral force multifunctional additive effect is very significant increase fertilizer, wheat per acre 50kg single application of the present invention was added multifunctional additives prepared fertilizer wheat per acre compared to the single application of fertilizer other 50kg, 405kg of wheat yield increased to 355 kg, yield 14.7%. 十年生红富士苹果每亩单施IOOkg加入本发明添加剂制备的多功能复混肥与每亩单施IOOkg其他复混肥相比,红富士苹果亩产由2350kg提高至2730kg,增产16. 2%0 Years old Fuji apple single application per acre IOOkg added multifunctional additives of the invention prepared fertilizer per acre as compared with other single application IOOkg fertilizer, to improve the yield of apple fruit 2730kg of 2350kg, yield 16.2% 0

[0039] 下面通过实施例,对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细描述。 [0039] The following examples, further detailed description of the technical solution of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0040] 实施例I [0040] Example I

[0041]称取 ZnSO4 · 7H20 :5 0kg,FeSO4 · 7H20 : 100kg, MnSO4 · H2O :50kg,CuSO4 · 5H20 :50kg,Na2B4O7 · IOH2O :50kg,(NH4)2MoO4 :25kg,NiSO4 · 7H20 :10kg,TiCl3 :10kg,CoCl2 · 2H20 :20kg,Ce (NO3) 3 · 6H20 :50kg, La (NO3) 3 · 6H20 :50kg。 [0041] Weigh ZnSO4 · 7H20: 5 0kg, FeSO4 · 7H20: 100kg, MnSO4 · H2O: 50kg, CuSO4 · 5H20: 50kg, Na2B4O7 · IOH2O: 50kg, (NH4) 2MoO4: 25kg, NiSO4 · 7H20: 10kg, TiCl3 : 10kg, CoCl2 · 2H20: 20kg, Ce (NO3) 3 · 6H20: 50kg, La (NO3) 3 · 6H20: 50kg.

[0042] 在6000L带搅拌器的搪瓷反应釜中加入浓度为190g/L〜200g/L的复合氨基酸溶液3500L,通蒸汽加热至50°C,开启搅拌器,缓慢依次加入上述称取的物料,待物料完全溶解后升温至100°C〜110°C,保持搪瓷反应釜内液体沸腾,反应4h。 [0042] Add 6000L enamel reactor equipped with a stirrer at a concentration of 190g / L~200g / L solution of a complex amino acid 3500L, steaming was heated to 50 ° C, the agitator is turned on, the above materials were added slowly weighed, after complete dissolution of the material to be heated to 100 ° C~110 ° C, the autoclave to maintain the liquid boils enamelled reactor, the reaction 4h. 趁热将搪瓷反应釜内溶液喷洒于3000kg草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉上,边喷边翻动,喷洒尽量均匀,风干或烘干、粉碎,即得物料A。 The hot solution is sprayed inside enamel reactor 3000kg on peat, lignite or coal weathering, spray edge flip side, as far as possible uniform spraying, air drying or drying, grinding, to obtain the material A.

[0043] 注:复合氨基酸溶液来自以蛋白废料或角质蛋白生产胱氨酸的母液。 [0043] Note: amino acid complex from a protein solution or waste produced keratin cystine mother liquor.

[0044] 实施例2 [0044] Example 2

[0045] 称取双氰胺(DCD) 5kg溶于20L农用氨水中得双氰胺氨水溶液,农用氨水中的NH3彡15wt%。 [0045] Weigh dicyandiamide (DCD) 5kg was dissolved in aqueous ammonia to give 20L agricultural dicyandiamide aqueous solution of ammonia, NH3 San agricultural 15wt% aqueous ammonia. 称取粒度为80〜100目的羧甲基纤维素150kg。 Weigh a particle size of 80 ~ 100 object carboxymethylcellulose 150kg.

[0046] 将双氰胺氨水溶液均匀喷洒于羧甲基纤维素上,边喷边翻动,喷洒尽量均匀,风干或烘干、粉碎,即得物料B。 [0046] The dicyandiamide aqueous ammonia solution was uniformly sprayed on carboxymethyl cellulose, spray edge flip side, as far as possible uniform spraying, air drying or drying, grinding, to obtain the material B.

[0047] 实施例3 [0047] Example 3

[0048] 称取粒度不大于100目的硫化钴和硫化钥混合料15kg,硫化钴与硫化钥的质量比为I : I。 [0048] Weigh a particle size not greater than 100 mesh key sulfide, cobalt sulfide and mixtures 15kg, mass sulfide, cobalt sulfide and key ratio I: I.

[0049] 称取粒度不大于60目的豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉50kg。 [0049] The particle size of not greater than 60 weighed object of soybean powder or corn starch 50kg.

[0050] 将上述两种原料混合均匀即得物料C。 [0050] The mixing of the two raw materials to obtain a uniform C.

[0051] 实施例4 [0051] Example 4

[0052] 称取物料A 4130〜4165kg、物料B 155kg和物料C 65kg,将上述三种物料混合均匀,即得添加剂D。 [0052] The weighed materials A 4130~4165kg, material and material B 155kg C 65kg, the three kinds of materials are mixed uniformly to obtain an additive D.

[0053] 实施例5 [0053] Example 5

[0054] 称取添加剂DIOOkg,复混肥其他原料(氮肥、磷肥、钾肥和膨润土)900kg,混合、粉 [0054] Weigh additives DIOOkg, other raw materials fertilizer (nitrogen, phosphate, potash and bentonite) 900kg, mixed powder

碎、圆盘或转鼓选粒,干燥、计量、包装即得多功能复混肥产品。 Broken, the disc or drum granulation election, dried, metering, packaging obtain multifunctional fertilizer products.

[0055] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例,并非对本发明作任何限制,凡是根据本发明技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何简单修改、变更以及等效变化,均仍属于本发明技术方案的保护范围内。 [0055] The above, only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the present invention does not impose any restrictions on who simply any modification made to the technical spirit of the present invention to the above embodiments, changes and equivalent variations as would fall present within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. 一种多功能复混肥添加剂,其特征在于,由物料A、物料B和物料C三种物料混合均匀制得,其中:物料A 4130〜4165kg,物料B 155kg,物料C 65kg ; 所述物料A由以下原料制成: ZnS04-7H20 50kg FeSO4VH2O IOOkg MnSO4-H2O 50kg CuSO4SH2O 50kg Na2B4O7-IOH2O 50kg (NH4)2MoO4 25kg NiSO4VH2O IOkg TiCl3 IOkg CoC12.2H20 20kg Ce(N03)3.6H20 50kg La(N03)3.6H20 50kg 草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉3OOOkg 复合氨基酸溶液3500L; 其中,复合氨基酸溶液的浓度190g/L〜200g/L,草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉中腐殖酸质量含量不小于30% ; 所述物料B由以下原料制成: 双氰胺氨水溶液20L,羧甲基纤维素150kg ; 所述双氰胺氨水溶液是将5kg双氰胺溶于20L农用氨水中的氨水溶液,所述农用氨水中的NH3彡15wt%,羧甲基纤维素的粒度为80〜100目; 所述物料C由以下原料制成: 硫化钴和硫化钥的混合物15kg,豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉50kg ; 所述硫化钴与硫化钥的质 1. A multifunctional fertilizer additive, characterized in that the material A, material B and material C prepared by uniformly mixing three materials, wherein: the material A 4130~4165kg, 155kg Feed B, Feed C 65kg; the A material made from the following raw materials: ZnS04-7H20 50kg FeSO4VH2O IOOkg MnSO4-H2O 50kg CuSO4SH2O 50kg Na2B4O7-IOH2O 50kg (NH4) 2MoO4 25kg NiSO4VH2O IOkg TiCl3 IOkg CoC12.2H20 20kg Ce (N03) 3.6H20 50kg La (N03) 3.6H20 50kg peat, lignite coal or weathered 3OOOkg acid solution 3500L composite; wherein the composite mass content concentration amino acid solution of 190g / L~200g / L, peat, lignite or humic acid weathered coal is not less than 30%; the material B is made of the following materials: ammonia solution dicyandiamide 20L, 150kg carboxymethyl cellulose; the solution is an aqueous ammonia dicyandiamide 5kg of dicyandiamide dissolved in a solution of ammonia in aqueous ammonia agricultural 20L, aqueous ammonia in the agricultural NH3 San 15wt%, a particle size of 80 ~ 100 carboxymethylcellulose mesh; C of the material is made of the following materials: a mixture of 15kg sulfide, cobalt sulfide and keys, 50kg soybean powder or corn starch; the sulfide, cobalt sulfide and key qualitative 量比为I : 1,粒度< 100目,豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉的粒度彡60目; 所述多功能复混肥添加剂的制备方法包括以下步骤: 步骤一、物料A的制备:称取以下各原料=ZnSO4 · 7H20 50kg、FeSO4 · 7H20 100kg、MnSO4-H2O 50kg、CuSO4 ·5Η20 50kg、Na2B4O7 · 10H2050kg、(NH4)2Mo04 25kg,NiSO4 *7H20 10kg、TiCl3 10kg、CoCl2 · 2H20 20kg、Ce (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg 和La (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg,在6000L 带搅拌器的搪瓷反应釜中加入浓度为190g/L〜200g/L的复合氨基酸溶液3500L,通蒸汽加热至50°C,开启搅拌器,缓慢依次加入上述称取的原料,待原料完全溶解后升温至100°C〜110°C,保持搪瓷反应釜内液体沸腾,反应4h,趁热将搪瓷反应釜内溶液喷洒于3000kg草炭、褐煤或风化煤粉上,边喷边翻动,喷洒尽量均匀,风干或烘干后粉碎,即得物料A ; 步骤二、物料B的制备:称取双氰胺5kg溶于20L农用氨水中制得双氰胺氨水溶液,农用 Ratio of I: 1, particle size <100 mesh, San soybean powder or corn starch size 60 mesh; preparation method of the fertilizer multifunctional additive comprising the steps of: Step a, preparation of material A: Weigh following raw = ZnSO4 · 7H20 50kg, FeSO4 · 7H20 100kg, MnSO4-H2O 50kg, CuSO4 · 5Η20 50kg, Na2B4O7 · 10H2050kg, (NH4) 2Mo04 25kg, NiSO4 * 7H20 10kg, TiCl3 10kg, CoCl2 · 2H20 20kg, Ce (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg and La (NO3) 3 · 6H20 50kg, adding 6000L enamel reactor equipped with a stirrer at a concentration of 190g / L~200g / L solution of a complex amino acid 3500L, steaming was heated to 50 ° C, the stirrer was slowly added to the feed successively weighed in the above, until complete dissolution of starting material was heated to 100 ° C~110 ° C, holding enamel kettle boiling liquid reaction, the reaction 4h, the hot solution is sprayed inside enamel reactor to 3000kg peat, lignite or weathered coal, discharge side flip side, as far as possible uniform spray, and air-dried or dried and pulverized to obtain the material a; step two, the material prepared in B: Weigh 5kg of dicyandiamide dissolved in aqueous ammonia prepared in agricultural 20L bis cyanamide aqueous ammonia solution, agricultural 水中的NH3彡15wt%,称取粒度为80〜100目的羧甲基纤维素150kg,将双氰胺氨水溶液均匀喷洒于羧甲基纤维素上,边喷边翻动,喷洒尽量均匀,风干或烘干后粉碎,即得物料B; 步骤三、物料C的制备:称取粒度不大于100目的硫化钴和硫化钥混合物15kg,硫化钴与硫化钥质量比为I : I,称取粒度不大于60目的豆饼粉末或玉米淀粉50kg,将上述两种原料混合均匀即得物料C ; 步骤四、多功能复混肥添加剂的制备:将步骤一中的物料A 4130〜4165kg、步骤二中的物料B 155kg和步骤三中的物料C 65kg混合均匀,即得多功能复混肥添加剂。 NH3 in water San 15wt%, a particle size of 80 ~ 100 weighed object carboxymethylcellulose 150kg, dicyandiamide aqueous ammonia solution was uniformly sprayed on carboxymethyl cellulose, spray edge flip side, as far as possible uniform spraying, air drying or drying grinding dry, to obtain the material B; step three, feed preparation C: Weigh size not greater than 100 mesh sulfide, cobalt and sulfurized key mixtures 15kg, sulfide, cobalt vulcanization key mass ratio of I: I, weighed size not greater than 60 Objective soybean powder or corn starch 50kg, the above two raw materials are mixed to obtain a uniform material C; step 4 preparation of multifunctional fertilizer additives: the material in step B 155kg of a material a 4130~4165kg, step two and in step three materials C 65kg uniformly mixed to obtain fertilizer multifunctional additives.
CN 201010013648 2010-01-21 2010-01-21 Multifunctional compound fertilizer additive and preparation method thereof CN101774850B (en)

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CN103012012B (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-07-23 武汉纺织大学 Production methods of water-retentive biodegradable fertilizer
CN103553781B (en) * 2013-10-29 2016-01-06 周建群 Eucalyptus fertilizer additive and preparation method
CN103626577B (en) * 2013-11-08 2016-03-09 苏州仁成生物科技有限公司 A long-acting slow biological fertilizer and preparation method of controlling
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