CN101533551B - Gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system and method thereof - Google Patents

Gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system and method thereof Download PDF

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CN101533551B
CN101533551B CN2009100813468A CN200910081346A CN101533551B CN 101533551 B CN101533551 B CN 101533551B CN 2009100813468 A CN2009100813468 A CN 2009100813468A CN 200910081346 A CN200910081346 A CN 200910081346A CN 101533551 B CN101533551 B CN 101533551B
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China
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oil
refuelling station
monitoring
station
warning
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CN2009100813468A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101533551A (en
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吴宗之
康荣学
桑海泉
谷海波
魏利军
于洋
于立见
关磊
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中国安全生产科学研究院
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Abstract

The invention relates to a gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system and a method thereof, belonging to the field of work safety monitoring and supervision. The system constructed by a two level system in which a gas station site and a superior petroleum company are connected by the internet or the intranet. The gas station site comprises a video monitoring subsystem, an oil leakage monitoring subsystem, an oil tank liquid level and a temperature monitoring subsystem, an oil unloading static alarming subsystem, a combustible gas monitoring subsystem and a video monitoring host, a monitoring pre-alarming host, a short message sending device and an audible and visual alarm; the method comprises: carrying out capacity evaluation on the gas station and surrounding emergency resources and providing assistant decision support for accident emergency rescue. The invention performs monitoring pre-alarming on gas station accidents, thus improving the efficiency of emergency rescue command, reducing accident loss and ensuring the life and property security of people.

Description

Gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system and method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to safety production monitoring and regulation technique field, particularly the monitoring early warning and safety of refuelling station and emergency management method.
Technical background
The refuelling station is round-the-clock working continuously, and the flammable and explosive substance quantity of storage is big, accident potential risk height, and consequence harm is serious, and therefore, refuelling station's safety in production directly influences the normal operation of public security and petroleum industry production and operating activities, and is significant.At present, paper Jie data that China still takes a lot of refuelling stations, on-the-spot simple instrument add manually-operated and the mode of operation of patrolling and examining can't satisfy the needs of severe day by day safety in production, and industrial accident happens occasionally.In all kinds of accidents of refuelling station, the fire explosion that tank leakage, automotive oil tank leakage of oil, fuel charger leakage and static, electrical equipment spark, naked light are caused accounts for significant proportion.In recent years, the informatization of refuelling station, the whole nation has obtained certain progress, some refuelling stations have built security protection video monitoring system and business management system, but these systems can only satisfy the antitheft demand of robbing with management data management in refuelling station, do not realize security monitoring and management to the refuelling station from the accident source at the characteristics of gas station security monitoring; For accident potential and administrative vulnerability in the daily production in refuelling station, administrative authority lacks effective regulatory measure, and accident also can't in time be obtained the relevant information of the scene of the accident after taking place, and has a strong impact on carrying out of emergency management and rescue work.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for overcoming the weak point of prior art, a kind of gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system and method are proposed, this system integrates video monitoring, oil tank level and temperature, oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, combustable gas concentration, the electrostatic monitoring early warning of emptying process and network service, this method realizes daily monitoring and early warning, security control, oil products delivery optimum management and the support of accident emergency rescue aid decision making of refuelling station, refuelling station's accident is carried out early warning and warning, prevent the generation of particularly serious serious accident in refuelling station's operation process; When accident took place, the present invention can provide field data for the emergency management and rescue commander, improves emergency management and rescue commander's efficient, reduces causality loss, ensures the people's life and property safety.
The gas station security monitoring pre-warning system that the present invention proposes is characterized in that, this system is made of the refuelling station's fielded system and the higher level oil company system that link to each other by the Internet or private, wherein:
Refuelling station's fielded system is used for refuelling station's oil tank level, unloading port and fueling area gas concentration, oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, emptying process static are carried out early warning and warning, refuelling station's oil tank, fuel charger, fire fighting equipment and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource (comprising fire brigade or station, emergent expert, hospital, the emergent strength of peripheral enterprise) information is carried out statistical management, regularly upload refuelling station's oil product status reporting, upload refuelling station's warning message, alarm set point security parameter information and video image automatically to higher level oil company system; When having an accident, upload refuelling station's security parameter and video information in real time;
Higher level oil company system is used for carrying out the safety case dynamic classification according to the warning message of refuelling station and Disposal Measures, realizes the classification supervision of refuelling station; Realize oil product optimization delivery management according to the oil product status reporting that each refuelling station reports and submits; According to refuelling station's oil in reserve product kind, quantity and damage sequence model, realize the assessment of co simulate and emergency resources; When the refuelling station has an accident, start corresponding accident emergency prediction scheme, access accident refuelling station details, on the GIS map, demonstrate the emergency management and rescue resource and the emergency management and rescue strength of accident refuelling station periphery, search out best emergency management and rescue path, emergency management and rescue provide the aid decision making support.
The present invention proposes to adopt the gas station security monitoring pre-warning and the emergency management method of said system, it is characterized in that: comprise gas station security monitoring pre-warning method and emergency management method, described gas station security monitoring pre-warning method comprises:
1) refuelling station's Oil Leakage Detecting and location
During the leakage of oil of a certain monitoring point, series loop resistance changes, and calculates the distance of leakage of oil point apart from the leakage of oil monitor controller according to this resistance value in the Oil Leakage Detecting series loop; According to this distance and the position of monitoring point in the loop, determine which point leakage of oil;
2) to the video image of refuelling station oil oil tank level and temperature, unloading port and fueling area gas concentration, oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, emptying process static and gateway, refuelling station, each filling passage, tank station, Administrative Area gather in real time, demonstration and safety analysis, accident is carried out early warning and warning;
3) oil product stock in refuelling station's calculates in real time and regularly reports
According to each oil tank real-time level information, calculate the oil product storage of each oil tank, and form oil product storage form, regularly upload to the higher level oil company, make things convenient for the oil company to optimize the oil products delivery management;
4) information management of refuelling station's emergency resources with report
Refuelling station's oil tank, fuel charger, fire fighting equipment and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource (comprising fire brigade or station, emergent expert, hospital, the emergent strength of peripheral enterprise) information is carried out typing, modification, deletion, inquiry and statistical management, and regularly is uploaded to superior system;
5) refuelling station's accident grading forewarning system, multimedia interlink warning and information uploading
Security parameters such as gas concentration, oil tank level and temperature are set high lower bound alarm threshold value or alert if respectively, to determine the alert of different stage; The monitoring and early warning main frame compares actual time safety parameter information and alarm threshold value, judges whether to occur reporting to the police and which rank of warning;
If report to the police, the monitoring and early warning main frame accesses the video image with alarm set point automatically, ejects the emergency disposal information, carries out this locality video recording and starts sound and light alarm, and send warning message to the related personnel by short message transmitting equipment, realize the multimedia interlink warning;
Automatically warning message (comprising information such as warning classification, time of fire alarming) is uploaded to the higher level oil company, after higher level oil company system and refuelling station's fielded system connect, the security parameter information of active upload alarm set point and video image information;
Described emergency management method comprises:
6) refuelling station's safety case is carried out statistical study, as foundation to refuelling station's classification supervision:
Warning message to refuelling station in the setting-up time section carries out statistical study, statistics according to situations such as type of alarm, alarm times and Disposal Measures is carried out classification to refuelling station's safety case, form refuelling station's safety case statistical report form, the safety management level of dynamic evaluation refuelling station is as the foundation to refuelling station's classification supervision;
7) optimize delivery management based on refuelling station's oil product of GIS
Oil product status reporting to each refuelling station carries out statistical study, need to determine refuelling station, oil product kind and the quantity of oil products delivery; By generalized information system the dispensing path is optimized analysis, determines optimum oil products delivery route;
8) refuelling station's co simulate and emergency resources assessment
According to refuelling station's oil tank level, storage medium and the damage sequence model that may cause, carry out damage sequence and calculate, the accident casualty radius that calculates demonstrates the accident harm coverage on the GIS map; According to the accident impact scope refuelling station self and peripheral emergency resources strength are carried out capability evaluation, for the reasonable disposition and the construction of emergency resources strength provides foundation.
9) refuelling station's alarm treatment and accident emergency aid decision making
After receiving refuelling station's warning message, store warning message and set up long-range the connection, the security parameter of linkage display alarm set point and video image with warning refuelling station fielded system; Start local sound and light alarm, remind the related personnel to note;
When receiving accident alarming, generate automatically and the startup emergency preplan, on the GIS map, demonstrate the emergency management and rescue strength and the emergency management and rescue facility of accident periphery, search out best emergency resources allotment route according to type of fault; By the damage sequence simulation, determine the evacuating personnel scope, search for and demonstrate best evacuating personnel path, commander provides decision-making foundation for emergency management and rescue.
Technical characterstic of the present invention and effect:
The present invention realizes accident early warning and multimedia interlink warning by acquisition process and safety analysis to refuelling station's security parameter and video information, and by short message notification associated safety personnel, prevents the generation of the particularly serious serious accident in refuelling station; Refuelling station's safety case is carried out statistical study, and the safety management level of dynamic evaluation refuelling station realizes the classification supervision of refuelling station; According to refuelling station's oil tank level, storage medium and the damage sequence model that may cause, the accident casualty radius that calculates, according to the accident impact scope refuelling station self and peripheral emergency resources strength are carried out capability evaluation, for the reasonable distribution and the construction of emergency resources strength provides foundation; According to each refuelling station's oil product status reporting, need to determine refuelling station, oil product kind and the quantity of dispensing, carry out path optimization by Geographic Information System and analyze, determine optimum oil products delivery route; System starts the emergency preplan of formulating in advance automatically during the appearance accident, instruct the field staff to carry out emergency disposal and rescue, on the GIS map, demonstrate the emergency management and rescue strength and the emergency management and rescue facility of accident harm coverage and scene of the accident periphery, for the warning of the delimitation accident of science and evacuating personnel scope provide the aid decision making support; In conjunction with scene of the accident periphery GIS information, on electronic chart, search for and demonstrate best evacuating personnel path, efficient and the control causality loss that improves the accident emergency rescue command had important effect.
The present invention provides total solution for refuelling station enterprise to the monitoring early warning and safety and the contingency management of refuelling station, for administrative authoritys at different levels to the classification supervision of refuelling station enterprise and accident emergency response provide in time, information and data support accurately, thereby prevention and eliminate particularly serious serious accident in refuelling station's operation ensures the people's life and property safety better.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a system architecture diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is for adopting the gas station security monitoring pre-warning and the higher level oil company contingency management FB(flow block) of system of the present invention, and wherein, Fig. 2 is the gas station security monitoring pre-warning FB(flow block) a),
Fig. 2 b) is higher level oil company contingency management FB(flow block).
Embodiment
Gas station security monitoring pre-warning that the present invention proposes and emergency management system and method thereof reach embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and are described in detail as follows:
General structure of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, the two-stage system that this system is made of refuelling station's fielded system that links to each other by the Internet or private and higher level oil company system, wherein:
Refuelling station's fielded system comprises video monitoring subsystem, leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem, oil tank level and monitoring temperature subsystem, emptying static warning subsystem, inflammable gas monitoring subsystem and video monitoring main frame, monitoring and early warning main frame, Ethernet switch, short message transmitting equipment and audible-visual annunciator etc.; The embodiment of refuelling station's fielded system each several part is respectively described below:
(1) the video monitoring subsystem is used for the real-time monitoring of significant points such as Office Area in gateway, refuelling station, each filling passage, tank station and the station, comprise the explosion-proof video camera, the explosion-proof video camera that monitors the tank station that monitor each passage of fueling area with explosion-proof infrared lamp, monitor that the refuelling station imports and exports with the explosion-proof video camera of explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace and the common color dome type camera that monitors Office Area in the station;
Each apparatus embodiments is as follows:
1. the explosion-proof video camera of each passage is made up of explosion-proof guard shield of GBBS-B type and FC-3038 type video camera; The explosion-proof guard shield technical parameter of GBBS-B type is as follows: manufacturer's standard, GB3836-2000; Explosive-proof grade, ExdIICT5; Degree of protection, IP66; Serviceability temperature ,-20 ℃~+ 40 ℃; Incoming line, 2 explosion-proof incoming lines of G1/2; Material, cast aluminium.FC-3038 type camcorder technology parameter is as follows: imaging equipment, 1/3 " SONY Super-HAD CCD; Pixel, 762 (H) * 582 (V); Minimal illumination, 0.3Lux/F1.0; Horizontal resolution, 480TVL; Signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio), 〉=52dB; Power supply, DC12V; Video output, 1.0V (p-p)/75 ohm of video output; Working temperature ,-10~+ 50 ℃.
2. form by the explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace of GBYT-15C type, FC-3038 type video camera and the explosion-proof guard shield of GBBS-B type with the explosion-proof video camera of explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace.The explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace technical parameter of GBYT-15C type: explosive-proof grade, ExdIICT6; Degree of protection, IP66; Serviceability temperature ,-20 ℃~+ 40 ℃; Relative humidity ,≤95% (+25 ℃); Material, alloy steel; The anglec of rotation, 0~350 ° of level, vertical ± 45 °; Rotational speed, 6 °/S of level; Vertical 4 °/S; Supply voltage, AC220V 50Hz; Load capacity, 15Kg.The explosion-proof guard shield technical parameter of FC-3038 type video camera and GBBS-B type as mentioned above.
3. the explosion-proof video camera with explosion-proof infrared lamp is made of FC-3082 type video camera, the explosion-proof guard shield of GBBS-B type and the explosion-proof infrared lamp of GBSX50M32W type; FC-3082 type camcorder technology parameter: imaging equipment, 1/3 " SONYSuper-HAD CCD; Pixel, 762 (H) * 582 (V); Minimal illumination, 0.3Lux/F1.0; Horizontal resolution, 480TVL; Signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio), 〉=52dB; Power supply, DC12V; Video output, 1.0V (p-p)/75 ohm of video output; Working temperature ,-10~+ 50 ℃.The explosion-proof guard shield technical parameter of GBBS-B type: manufacturer's standard, GB3836-2000; Explosive-proof grade, ExdIICT5; Degree of protection, IP66; Serviceability temperature ,-20 ℃~+ 40 ℃; Incoming line, 2 explosion-proof incoming lines of G1/2; Material, cast aluminium.The explosion-proof infrared lamp technical parameter of GBSX50M32W type: explosion-proof form, ExdIICT6; Serviceability temperature ,-20 ℃~+ 40 ℃; Relative humidity ,≤95% (+25 ℃); Wavelength, 850nm; Material, stainless steel.
4. colored dome type camera adopts FC-4038 type video camera, important technological parameters: imaging equipment, 1/3 " SONYSuper-HAD CCD; Pixel, 762 (H) * 582 (V); Minimal illumination, 0.1Lux/F1.0; Horizontal resolution, 480TVL; Signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio), 〉=52dB; Power supply, DC12V/AC24V (20%); Video output, 1.0V (p-p)/75 ohm of video output; Working temperature ,-10~+ 50 ℃.
(2) the leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem is used for the real-time monitoring of fuel charger and oil tank leakage of oil, comprises the Oil Leakage Detecting sensor, the splitter that links to each other with the Oil Leakage Detecting sensor and the leakage of oil monitor controller that are installed in each fuel charger bottom and oil tank observation well; The Oil Leakage Detecting sensor is serially connected by splitter and leakage of oil monitor controller, and constituting connects detects the loop, and except the Oil Leakage Detecting sensor of series loop end, all there is a splitter other leakage of oil monitoring points; The multipotency of each leakage of oil monitor controller connects 4 Oil Leakage Detecting sensors, when leakage of oil monitoring point, refuelling station surpasses four, form a plurality of series connection with the leakage of oil monitor controller and detect the loop, be cascaded between the leakage of oil monitor controller, be connected with described monitoring and early warning main frame by the RS232 interface; Each apparatus embodiments is as follows:
1. the leakage of oil monitor controller adopts the TTSIM series controller of U.S. TYCO company, major parameter: sensing cable maximum length: 150 meters; The multipotency of every controller connects 4 oil measurement bars; Communication interface, RS485; Working temperature, 0~50 ℃; Humidity: 5%~95%; Working power, 22~260V exchanges, 50/60Hz.
2. the Oil Leakage Detecting sensor adopts the quick fuel oil prod of TT-FFS-250-MC type of U.S. TYCO company, major parameter: respond fast, can detect repeatedly use to the fuel oil that minute quantity is overflowed; 250 millimeters test zones, 300 millimeters black guide lines, metal joint; Working temperature ,-40~+ 60 ℃; Working relative humidity, 5%~95%; Protecting sheathing, the PVG that meets 80 specifications manages; Degree of protection, IP 20; Classification of waterproof, IP67; By the power supply of TTSIM series controller.
3. splitter adopts the TT-MBC-MC type splitter of U.S. TYCO company, important technological parameters: by the power supply of TTSIM series controller; Can in the Oil Leakage Detecting circuit, carry out the wiring of T type or branch road, to this splitter, the detected just length of TTSIM controller, the 1-2 of splitter own, 2-3 are equivalent to 5 meters lines of induction respectively.
(3) oil tank level and monitoring temperature subsystem, be used for the real-time monitoring of each oil tank level of refuelling station and temperature and send liquid level and temperature information to the monitoring and early warning main frame, comprise being installed in interior explosion-proof liquid level sensor of each oil tank and coupled liquid level monitor, a liquid level monitor can connect 8 liquid level sensors at most; Liquid level monitor is connected with liquid level sensor in each oil tank respectively by parameter 485 buses; Each apparatus embodiments is as follows:
1. liquid level monitor adopts the YT series liquid level instrument of the logical prosperous observation and control technology of heap of stone of Beijing instrument company limited, major parameter: explosive-proof grade, EX (ia) IICT6; Connect the probe number, 1-8; With higher level's communication, RS485/RS232, baud rate 9600bps; The safety barrier configuration, 1 group of communication security grid, 1~8 level power supply safety barrier; Power to CZ numeral probe by safety barrier; Operating voltage, AC220V (± 20%), maximum power dissipation is less than 20VA.
2. liquid level sensor adopts the CZ series digit formula probe of the logical prosperous observation and control technology of heap of stone of Beijing instrument company limited, important technological parameters: communication standard, RS485; The temperature detection scope ,-40~125 ℃; Precision, ± 0.5 ℃; Working temperature ,-40~125 ℃; Working pressure ,-0.05~10Mpa; Explosive-proof grade/explosion-proof sign, IP67/ExiaIICT6; Operating voltage, DC8-24V.
(4) emptying static warning subsystem, the electrostatic monitoring that is used for the RTC unloading process is reported to the police, and comprises the electrostatic grounding alarm that is installed in the emptying district and coupled safe isolator; Electrostatic grounding alarm and safe isolator, both form essential safe type electrostatic monitoring alarm circuit together, and the electrostatic grounding alarm employing in RTC unloading district has the essential safe type electrostatic detection alarm of teletransmission function, switching value warning; Each apparatus embodiments is as follows: adopt the SCP-SA of Qing Dao Alptec Safety Equipment Co.,Ltd type electrostatic grounding controller, mainly be made up of electrostatic grounding alarm (band sound and light alarm), electrostatic grounding folder, duty plate, ground wire, safe isolator and lead etc.Electrostatic grounding alarm important technological parameters: operating voltage, 5~24VDC; Working temperature ,-40 ℃~+ 60 ℃; Working current,<60mA; Detect resistance, 50 ± 5 Ω; Explosive-proof grade, ExiaIIBT4; Type of alarm, sound and light alarm; Response time,<1s; Safe isolator is wanted technical parameter: intrinsic safety electric source is provided, and the assurance system normally moves; Signals security is isolated, isolation safe place and hazardous area; Output switching value signal, normally-open normally-close is optional; Input voltage, 24V; Must be positioned over harbors such as Control Room, flame proof box.
(5) inflammable gas monitoring subsystem, be used for the real-time monitoring of tank station unloading port, fueling area combustable gas concentration, comprise an explosion-proof gas detection sensor and two explosion-proof gas detection sensors that are installed in oiling booth top being installed in tank station unloading port based on 485 buses based on 485 buses; Wherein, explosion-proof gas detection sensor is realized the signal transmission based on 485 buses;
Explosion-proof gas detection sensor embodiment adopts Beijing to create the UC-KT-2010 type combustible gas probe of big Gao Ke Electron Technology Co., Ltd, important technological parameters: explosion-proof sign, ExdIICT6; Detection mode, catalytic combustion type; Probe gas, rock gas, liquefied gas, coal gas etc.; Sensing range, (0~99) %LEL; The linear limit of error, ± 5%LEL; Output, the RS-485 bus; Response time ,≤30s; Power consumption ,≤3W; Tenure of use, 〉=2 years; Working temperature ,-40~70 ℃; Working relative humidity ,≤95%RH.
(6) the video monitoring main frame is used for the static warning, the collection of security parameters such as gas concentration and video image, this video monitoring main frame is connected with each video camera of described video monitoring subsystem by the video input port, be connected with the explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace of described video monitoring subsystem by video 485 buses, be connected with a gas detection sensor of tank station unloading port by parameter 485 bus interface, two gas detection sensors by another parameter 485 buses and oiling booth are serially connected, be connected by the electrostatic grounding alarm of switch value input interface, be connected with described audible-visual annunciator by the switching value output interface with described emptying district; The monitoring and early warning main frame adopts the ENE-008 molded breadth band network video server of Beijing net eyeball electronics technology company limited.Major parameter: Standard of image compression, H.264; The image acquisition frame per second, 25 frame/seconds; The input of 16 road videos; The image transport network protocols, TCP/IP; Image display frame number, the 1 tunnel, the 4 tunnel, the 9 road or 16 the tunnel; Camera; Integrated Ethernet interface RJ45 two-way meets WAN and LAN respectively; The input of 8 way switch amount signals, the output of 8 way switch amounts; Serial data interface, one road RS232, three road RS485; Has VMD (mobile image detecting) warning function.
(7) the monitoring and early warning main frame be used for to refuelling station's security parameter gather in real time, display process, realize accident early warning and multimedia (video, interface flicker, acousto-optic etc.) interlink warning; Equipment In Oil Service Station and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource information are carried out statistical management, upload information such as refuelling station's oil product status reporting, warning message, alarm set point security parameter information and video image to higher level oil company system; This monitoring and early warning main frame is connected with the liquid level monitor of described leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem by a RS232 interface, be connected with the leakage of oil monitor controller of described leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem by another RS232 interface, be connected with described short message transmitting apparatus by the USB mouth, be connected with described video monitoring main frame by Ethernet switch, obtain security parameter information such as the warning of video and static, gas concentration; Realize sharing of video and parameter information; The monitoring and early warning main frame adopts and grinds magnificent IPC-610H type industrial control computer, important technological parameters: cpu type, PIV/2.SG; Memory size, 512MB; The maximum memory capacity, 16GB; Hard disk size, 160GB; CD-ROM drive, 52X; USB, 2 preposition USB2.0; Serial ports, 2 RS-232; Monitoring and early warning main frame installation and operation gas station security monitoring pre-warning system software is in order to realize the security monitoring to the refuelling station.
(8) Ethernet switch, be used in refuelling station's LAN (Local Area Network) information sharing and with the networking of superior system, adopt D-Link DES-1024D type Ethernet switch, important technological parameters: transfer rate, 10Mbps/100Mbps; Network standard, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u; Transmission mode, the full-duplex/half-duplex self-adaptation; Exchanged form, storage-forwarding; Gbps, 4.SGbps; Mac address table, 16K.
(9) receiving short message equipment is used for sending warning message to the associated safety personnel of refuelling station; Adopt the G100 type SMS module of prompt wheat communication common carrier, important technological parameters: frequency range, 900M; Power, 2W; Interface rate, 1200,2400,4800,9600; Transmission range, the GSM network coverage; Interface, RS232, RS485; Antenna, 900M whip antenna, length 6CM.
(10) audible-visual annunciator is used to remind the field staff of refuelling station to note, adopts the explosion-proof audible-visual annunciator of FSG-103 type, important technological parameters: power supply, DC24V; Sound,>300dB; Light intensity, 2400-3500mcd; Frequency, 1 second/time; Explosion proof ratings, Exdib IICT6.
Higher level oil company system comprises fire wall, the network switch, monitoring server, the webserver, data server, screen, receiving short message equipment and audible-visual annunciator etc.; The apparatus embodiments of higher level oil company system is described as follows:
(1) fire wall is used for the isolation of higher level oil company network and internet, guarantees the network security of higher level oil company; Adopt Westone China bodyguard 6304-SV type hardware firewall, concurrent connection number reaches 800000, and filter bandwidth is 200Mbps, and major function comprises: packet filtering, address translation, use Transparent Proxy, intrusion detection links with third party IDS, Bandwidth Management, SNMP, daily record/audit management, Certificate Authority.
(2) network switch is used between the higher level oil company grid equipment and interconnected with the internet; Adopt the CISCO WS-CE500-24TT of Cisco type switch, major parameter: 24 10/100M mouths, 2 10/100/1000BASE-T ports.
(3) monitoring server is used to check the safety case of refuelling station, receives the warning message, the oil product status reporting that store the refuelling station, according to warning message and disposal situation thereof enterprise is carried out the classification supervision; Adopt the perfectly sound T220G5B of association, major parameter: the server classification, tower; Cpu type, Xeon; Cpu frequency, 3000MHz; Memory size, 512MB; The maximum memory capacity, 16GB; Hard disk size, 160GB; Be used for installation and operation supervisory systems software.
(4) data server is used for storage, inquiry, statistics and management to refuelling station's warning and disposes of information; Adopt the perfectly sound R520G6S5110 type server of association, major parameter: server classification, rack; Cpu type, Xeon; Cpu frequency, 1600MHz; Memory size, 1GB; Hard disk size, 3 * 73GB; Installation and operation Sql Server 2000 database management languages are used for storage, the maintenance and management of historical datas such as enterprise's warning message.
(5) webserver is used for the higher level oil company external information is issued; Adopt the perfectly sound T280S5110 tower server of association, important technological parameters is as follows: cpu type, Xeon; Cpu frequency, 1600MHz; Memory size, 1GB; The maximum memory capacity, 24GB; Hard disk size, 2 * 160GB; Dispose two network interface cards, connect higher level oil company Intranet system and Internet or private respectively.Windows 2003Server operating system is installed on the webserver, and configuration Internet information service is used for local issue about fireworks and firecrackers public safety information and local electronic government affairs system.
(6) receiving short message equipment is used for sending warning message to the related personnel, adopts the G100 type SMS module of prompt wheat communication common carrier, important technological parameters: frequency range, 900M; Power, 2W; Interface rate, 1200,2400,4800,9600; Transmission range, the GSM network coverage; Interface, RS232, RS485; Antenna, 900M whip antenna, length 6CM.
(7) audible-visual annunciator is used for refuelling station's alarm; Adopt the explosion-proof audible-visual annunciator of FSG-103 type, important technological parameters: power supply, DC24V; Sound,>300dB; Light intensity, 2400-3500mcd; Frequency, 1 second/time; Explosion proof ratings, Exdib IICT6.
(8) screen is used for the demonstration of higher level oil company system software; Adopt the LCD-46G7 of Sharp type LCD, major parameter: resolution, 1920 * 1080; Contrast, 10000: 1; Response speed, 4ms; Brightness, 450cd/m2.
Adopt the gas station security monitoring pre-warning and the emergency management method embodiment of said system, as shown in Figure 2, comprise the contingency management of gas station security monitoring pre-warning and higher level oil company, described gas station security monitoring pre-warning flow process comprises shown in a) as Fig. 2:
1) refuelling station's Oil Leakage Detecting and location
Whether loop resistance changes in the series loop of monitoring Oil Leakage Detecting, and the leakage of oil monitor controller is measured the loop resistance value in real time, when resistance value changes, and decidable generation leakage of oil, the leakage of oil monitor controller sends to the monitoring and warning main frame with the loop resistance value;
The monitoring and warning main frame calculates the distance of leakage of oil point apart from the leakage of oil monitor controller according to this resistance value; According to this distance and the position of monitoring point in the loop, determine which point leakage of oil, realize the leakage of oil location;
2) to the video image of refuelling station's oil tank level and temperature, unloading port and fueling area gas concentration, oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, emptying process static and gateway, refuelling station, each filling passage, tank station, Administrative Area gather in real time, demonstration and safety analysis, accident is carried out early warning and warning;
The video monitoring main frame is gathered the security parameter information (comprising gas concentration, static warning etc.) and the video information of refuelling station, and stores on the hard disk, browses in order to local playing back videos and network remote; The monitoring and early warning main frame is gathered oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, oil tank level and temperature information, and obtain gas concentration, static warning message and video information on the video monitoring main frame by network, and with security parameter information picture and video information picture demonstration security parameter information and video information, these two pictures switch by button click; On the security parameter information picture, by clicking corresponding button, can the real-time tendency curve, form such as form dynamically shows security parameter information; On the video information picture, by clicking corresponding button, can full frame, one or more video images of demonstration such as 2 screens, 4 shield, 9 screens.
3) oil product stock in refuelling station's calculates in real time and regularly reports
According to each oil tank real-time level information, calculate the oil product storage of each oil tank, and form refuelling station's oil product storage form, regularly upload to the higher level oil company, make things convenient for the oil company to optimize the oil products delivery management;
4) information management of refuelling station's emergency resources with report
Refuelling station's oil tank, fuel charger, fire fighting equipment and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource information are carried out typing, modification, deletion, inquiry and statistical management, and regularly be uploaded to superior system;
5) refuelling station's accident grading forewarning system, multimedia interlink warning and information uploading
Security parameters such as gas concentration, oil tank level and temperature are set high lower bound alarm threshold value or alert if respectively, to determine the alert of different stage; The monitoring and early warning main frame compares actual time safety parameter information and alarm threshold value, judges whether to occur reporting to the police and which rank of warning;
If report to the police, the monitoring and early warning main frame accesses the video image with alarm set point automatically, ejects the emergency disposal information, carries out this locality video recording and starts sound and light alarm, and send warning message to the related personnel by short message transmitting equipment, realize the multimedia interlink warning; Specific as follows:
1. when the high limit of oil tank temperature was reported to the police, " the oil product temperature was too high, checks immediately please whether oil tank is normal to eject information! ", start sound and light alarm; Access tank station video monitoring picture and video recording;
2. when oil tank temperature lower bound was reported to the police, " the oil product temperature was low excessively, checks immediately please whether oil tank is normal to eject information! ", start sound and light alarm; Access tank station video monitoring picture and video recording;
3. when the high limit of oil tank level was reported to the police, " oil tank was full, stops immediately paying oil to oil tank to eject information! ", start sound and light alarm; Access tank station video monitoring picture and video recording;
4. when the oil tank level lower bound was reported to the police, " the oil tank low on fuel was closed fuel-displaced valve immediately to eject information! " the startup sound and light alarm; Access tank station video monitoring picture and video recording;
5. when fuel charger or oil tank leakage of oil, eject information and " please change leakage point Oil Leakage Detecting sensor immediately! ", start sound and light alarm, access leakage point video monitoring picture and video recording; After detecting the sensor of leakage of oil with the backup sensors replacement, system recovery is normal;
6. when electrostatic grounding is reported to the police, eject information and " please check whether ground clamp contacts with tank wagon good! ", start sound and light alarm, access tank station video monitoring picture and video recording;
7. " oil please be checked whether oil leak of fueling area to eject information when the fueling area gas concentration exceeds standard! ", start sound and light alarm, access fueling area video monitoring picture and video recording;
8. when unloading port's gas concentration exceeds standard, eject information and " please check whether oil leak of unloading port! ", start sound and light alarm, access tank station video monitoring picture and video recording;
Automatically warning message is uploaded to the higher level oil company, after higher level oil company system and refuelling station's fielded system connect, the security parameter information of active upload alarm set point and video image information;
Described higher level company contingency management flow process is as Fig. 2 b) shown in, comprising:
6) refuelling station's safety case is carried out statistical study, as foundation to refuelling station's classification supervision:
Warning message to refuelling station in the setting-up time section carries out statistical study, statistics according to situations such as type of alarm, alarm times and Disposal Measures is carried out classification to refuelling station's safety case, form refuelling station's safety case statistical report form, the safety management level of dynamic evaluation refuelling station is as the foundation to refuelling station's classification supervision;
7) optimize delivery management based on refuelling station's oil product of GIS
Receive the oil product status reporting of each refuelling station's timed sending, the oil product status reporting of each refuelling station is carried out statistical study, need to determine refuelling station, oil product kind and the quantity of oil products delivery; By generalized information system the dispensing path is optimized analysis, determines optimum oil products delivery route;
8) refuelling station's co simulate and emergency resources assessment
According to refuelling station's oil tank level, storage medium and the damage sequence model that may cause, carry out damage sequence and calculate, the accident casualty radius that calculates demonstrates the accident harm coverage on the GIS map;
According to the accident impact scope refuelling station self and peripheral emergency resources strength are carried out capability evaluation, judge whether emergency resources strength can satisfy the demand of emergency management and rescue, thereby provide foundation for the reasonable disposition and the construction of emergency resources strength.
9) refuelling station's alarm treatment and accident emergency aid decision making
After receiving refuelling station's warning message, store warning message and set up long-range the connection, the security parameter of linkage display alarm set point and video image with warning refuelling station fielded system; Start local sound and light alarm, remind the related personnel to note;
When receiving accident alarming, generate automatically and the startup emergency preplan, on the GIS map, demonstrate the emergency management and rescue strength and the emergency management and rescue facility of accident periphery, search out best emergency resources allotment route according to type of fault; By the damage sequence simulation, determine the evacuating personnel scope, search for and demonstrate best evacuating personnel path, commander provides decision-making foundation for emergency management and rescue.
Said method all can be realized by conventional programming tool by the programming technique personnel.

Claims (2)

1. gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system is characterized in that, this system is made of the refuelling station's fielded system and the higher level oil company system that link to each other by the Internet or private, wherein:
Refuelling station's fielded system is used for refuelling station's oil tank level and temperature, unloading port and fueling area gas concentration, oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, emptying process static are carried out early warning and warning, refuelling station's oil tank, fuel charger, fire fighting equipment and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource information are carried out statistical management, regularly upload refuelling station's oil product status reporting, upload refuelling station's warning message, alarm set point security parameter information and video image automatically to higher level oil company system; When having an accident, upload refuelling station's security parameter and video information in real time;
Higher level oil company system is used for carrying out the safety case dynamic classification according to the warning message of refuelling station and Disposal Measures, realizes the classification supervision of refuelling station; Realize oil product optimization delivery management according to the oil product status reporting that each refuelling station reports and submits; According to refuelling station's oil in reserve product kind, quantity and damage sequence model, realize the assessment of co simulate and emergency resources; When the refuelling station has an accident, automatically generate and startup accident emergency prediction scheme, access accident refuelling station details, on the GIS map, demonstrate the emergency management and rescue resource and the emergency management and rescue strength of accident refuelling station periphery, go out the evacuating personnel scope according to the damage sequence Model Calculation, search out best emergency management and rescue path, for emergency management and rescue provide the aid decision making support;
Described refuelling station fielded system comprises video monitoring subsystem, leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem, oil tank level and monitoring temperature subsystem, emptying static warning subsystem, inflammable gas monitoring subsystem and video monitoring main frame, monitoring and early warning main frame, Ethernet switch, short message transmitting equipment and audible-visual annunciator, wherein:
Described video monitoring subsystem is used for the real-time monitoring at position, Office Area in gateway, refuelling station, each filling passage, tank station and the station, comprise the explosion-proof video camera, the explosion-proof video camera that monitors the tank station that monitor each passage of fueling area with explosion-proof infrared lamp, monitor that the refuelling station imports and exports with the explosion-proof video camera of explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace and the colored dome type camera that monitors Office Area in the station;
Described leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem is used for the real-time monitoring of fuel charger and oil tank leakage of oil, comprises the Oil Leakage Detecting sensor, the splitter that links to each other with the Oil Leakage Detecting sensor and the leakage of oil monitor controller that are installed in each fuel charger bottom and oil tank observation well; The Oil Leakage Detecting sensor is serially connected by splitter and leakage of oil monitor controller, and constituting connects detects the loop, is cascaded between the leakage of oil monitor controller, is connected with described monitoring and early warning main frame by the RS232 interface;
Described oil tank level and monitoring temperature subsystem are used for the real-time monitoring of each oil tank level of refuelling station and temperature and send oil tank level and temperature information to the monitoring and early warning main frame, comprise the explosion-proof liquid level sensor and the interior liquid level monitor of Control Room that are installed in each oil tank, described liquid level monitor is connected by the interior explosion-proof liquid level sensor of 485 buses and each oil tank, and is connected with the monitoring and early warning main frame by the RS232 interface;
Described emptying static warning subsystem is used for the electrostatic monitoring of RTC unloading process reports to the police, and comprises the electrostatic grounding alarm that is installed in the emptying district and the safe isolator of Control Room;
Described inflammable gas monitoring subsystem is used for the real-time monitoring of tank station unloading port, fueling area combustable gas concentration, comprises explosion-proof gas detection sensor and two the explosion-proof gas detection sensors that are installed in the oiling booth that are installed in tank station unloading port;
Described video monitoring main frame is used for static and reports to the police, the collection of gas concentration security parameter and video image, this video monitoring main frame is connected with each video camera of described video monitoring subsystem by the video input port, be connected with the explosion-proof The Cloud Terrace of described video monitoring subsystem by video 485 buses, be connected with a gas detection sensor of tank station unloading port by parameter 485 bus interface, two gas detection sensors by another parameter 485 buses and oiling booth are serially connected, be connected by the electrostatic grounding alarm of switch value input interface, be connected with described audible-visual annunciator by the switching value output interface with described emptying district;
Described monitoring and early warning main frame be used for to refuelling station's security parameter gather in real time, display process, realize accident early warning and multimedia interlink warning; Equipment In Oil Service Station and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource information are carried out statistical management, upload refuelling station's oil product status reporting, warning message, alarm set point security parameter information and video image information to higher level oil company system; This monitoring and early warning main frame is connected with the liquid level monitor of described oil tank level with the monitoring temperature subsystem by a RS232 interface, be connected with the leakage of oil monitor controller of described leakage of oil Monitor And Control Subsystem by another RS232 interface, be connected with described short message transmitting equipment by the USB mouth, be connected with described video monitoring main frame by Ethernet switch, obtain the warning of video and static, gas concentration security parameter information;
Described Ethernet switch, be used in refuelling station's LAN (Local Area Network) information sharing and with the networking of superior system;
Described short message transmitting equipment is used for sending warning message to the associated safety personnel of refuelling station;
Described audible-visual annunciator is used to remind the field staff of refuelling station to note.
2. a gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management method that adopts the described system of claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise gas station security monitoring pre-warning method and emergency management method, described gas station security monitoring pre-warning method comprises:
1) refuelling station's Oil Leakage Detecting and location
Whether loop resistance changes in the series loop of monitoring Oil Leakage Detecting, calculates the distance of leakage of oil point apart from the leakage of oil monitor controller according to the resistance value that changes; According to this distance and the position of monitoring point in the loop, determine which point leakage of oil;
2) to the video image of refuelling station's oil tank level and temperature, unloading port and fueling area gas concentration, oil tank and fuel charger leakage of oil, emptying process static and gateway, refuelling station, each filling passage, tank station, Administrative Area gather in real time, demonstration and safety analysis, accident is carried out early warning and warning;
3) oil product stock in refuelling station's calculates in real time and regularly reports
According to each oil tank real-time level information, calculate the oil product storage of each oil tank, and form oil product storage form, regularly upload to higher level oil company system, make things convenient for the oil company to optimize the oil products delivery management;
4) information management of refuelling station's emergency resources with report
Refuelling station's oil tank, fuel charger, fire fighting equipment and peripheral emergency management and rescue resource information are carried out typing, modification, deletion, inquiry and statistical management, and regularly be uploaded to higher level oil company system;
5) refuelling station's accident grading forewarning system, multimedia interlink warning and information uploading
Gas concentration, oil tank level and temperature security parameter are set high lower bound alarm threshold value or alert if respectively, to determine the alert of different stage; The monitoring and early warning main frame compares actual time safety parameter information and alarm threshold value, judges whether to occur reporting to the police and which rank of warning;
If report to the police, the monitoring and early warning main frame accesses the video image of alarm set point automatically, ejects the emergency disposal information, carries out this locality video recording and starts sound and light alarm, and send warning message to the related personnel by short message transmitting equipment, realize the multimedia interlink warning;
Automatically warning message is uploaded to higher level oil company system, after higher level oil company system and refuelling station's fielded system connect, the security parameter information of active upload alarm set point and video image information;
Described emergency management method comprises:
6) refuelling station's safety case is carried out statistical study, as foundation to refuelling station's classification supervision:
Warning message to refuelling station in the setting-up time section carries out statistical study, statistics according to type of alarm, alarm times and Disposal Measures situation is carried out classification to refuelling station's safety case, form refuelling station's safety case statistical report form, the safety management level of dynamic evaluation refuelling station is as the foundation to refuelling station's classification supervision;
7) optimize delivery management based on refuelling station's oil product of GIS
Oil product status reporting to each refuelling station carries out statistical study, need to determine refuelling station, oil product kind and the quantity of oil products delivery; By generalized information system the dispensing path is optimized analysis, determines optimum oil products delivery route;
8) refuelling station's co simulate and emergency resources assessment
According to refuelling station's oil tank level, storage medium and the damage sequence model that may cause, carry out damage sequence and calculate, the accident casualty radius that calculates demonstrates the accident harm coverage on the GIS map; According to the accident impact scope refuelling station self and peripheral emergency resources strength are carried out capability evaluation, for the reasonable disposition and the construction of emergency resources strength provides foundation;
9) refuelling station's alarm treatment and accident emergency aid decision making
After receiving refuelling station's warning message, store warning message and set up long-range the connection, the security parameter of linkage display alarm set point and video image with warning refuelling station fielded system; Start local sound and light alarm, remind the related personnel to note;
When receiving accident alarming, generate automatically and the startup emergency preplan, on the GIS map, demonstrate the emergency management and rescue strength and the emergency management and rescue facility of accident periphery, search out best emergency resources allotment route according to type of fault; By the damage sequence simulation, determine the evacuating personnel scope, search for and demonstrate best evacuating personnel path, commander provides decision-making foundation for emergency management and rescue.
CN2009100813468A 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 Gas station security monitoring pre-warning and emergency management system and method thereof CN101533551B (en)

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