CN101527061A - Automobile renting system and method convenient for returning automobile - Google Patents

Automobile renting system and method convenient for returning automobile Download PDF

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CN101527061A
CN101527061A CN 200910111459 CN200910111459A CN101527061A CN 101527061 A CN101527061 A CN 101527061A CN 200910111459 CN200910111459 CN 200910111459 CN 200910111459 A CN200910111459 A CN 200910111459A CN 101527061 A CN101527061 A CN 101527061A
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car
user
data
vehicle
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CN101527061B (en
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冯勇建
周军现
张建寰
洪永强
罗明生
陈文芗
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厦门大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to an automobile renting method and provides an automobile renting system and method convenient for returning an automobile. An information center is communicated with an onboard terminal and a mobile phone in real time, the information center loads parking data of the automobile to be rented to a GPS navigation map of the mobile phone of a user to guide the user to find a standby automobile nearby, the user to use the automobile only needs to close a non-contact radio-frequency card integrated with the mobile phone to an automobile door, and the automobile door is unlocked automatically. The legal user gets on the automobile and inputs a user ignition code into a GPS display of the onboard terminal, and then the automobile can be ignited and started after the code is certified as authentic, thus achieving convenient automobile taking at a parking space. In the driving process, the user can inquire a destination and available conditions of the parking spaces nearby along the line on an onboard GPS navigation instrument so as to park in the parking space in time. After parking and switching off a motor, the user can conveniently select returning and keeping of the automobile, and after the user leaves the rented automobile for certain distance, the automobile door is locked automatically.

Description

一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统与方法 A vehicle rental system and convenient method of taking the car

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种汽车租赁方法,特别是涉及一种便于使用者査询、取车、还车的汽车租赁系统与方法。 The present invention relates to a car rental method, particularly to an easy user's query, pick up the car, car rental system and method further vehicle. 背景技术 Background technique

城市停车难的根本原因在于:私家车是独享的交通工具, 一旦其停在某个车位,当这辆车的主人没有移动自己的私家车之前,任何人无法再次使用这个车位,造成有限资源的低效率占有,这样才造成了停车难的问题。 City parking is difficult is that the root cause: the private car is the exclusive means of transport, once it is parked in a parking space, when before the car owner did not move their private car, no one can use the parking spaces again, resulting in limited resources inefficiencies possession, so that has caused parking problems. 由于汽车的舒适性,目前在社会上没有替代资源,势必促使有一定经济能力的家庭争先拥有私家车,近些年中国城市大量汽车进入家庭就是证明。 As the vehicle comfort, there is no alternative resources in the community, is bound to promote a certain economic capacity of families own private cars rushed in recent years a large number of Chinese urban car into the family is proof. 拥有私家车,不仅需要承担车购置、车存放、保险和油料的费用,而且动辄用车,严重制约了行走锻炼,造成身体技能的下降,其结果是,城市交通严重堵塞,停车位极度紧张,按这样的趋势发展下去,大家都企图拥有汽车,车的总量大量增加,城市交通拥堵、停车难问题永无解决之时。 Private car ownership, not only need to take car purchase, vehicle storage, insurance and the cost of fuel, and vehicles at every turn, severely restricted the walking exercise, cause a decline in physical skills, and as a result, serious urban traffic congestion, parking is extremely tight, according to this trend continues, we are attempting to own a car, car total a significant increase in urban traffic congestion, parking difficult problem never the solution. 城市大量增加汽车还造成严重的空气污染和噪声污染。 City car also caused a significant increase in serious air pollution and noise pollution.

公开号为CN101281628A的发明专利申请公开一种运用汽车电子与移动装置的汽车租赁系统及方法,该方法通过手机给信息中心发出租车信息要求(车型和地点等信息)由信息中心通过电脑系统撮合,向该用户发送所需要车的开门密码和地点信息,指示该用户到该停车位,同时将该用户使用密码发送到该车控制器,当用户利用手机向该车控制器发送所收到的取车密码,该车控制器对该取车密码和用户密码进行验证,若相配,则允许使用者启动汽车。 Patent Publication No. CN101281628A invention rental car application discloses a system and method for automotive electronics with the use of the mobile device, the method send a taxi information requirements (vehicle information and location, etc.) to the information center from the information center through the mobile phone through the matching computer system , required to transmit the vehicle location to the user information and the password to open the door, to the user indicating that the parking space, and sends the password to the user using the vehicle controller, the mobile phone when the user sends the received vehicle controller password pick up the car, pick up the car the car controller password and user password for authentication, if the match, then allows the user to start the car. 还车时,用户操作车载控制器向信息中心发送结束信号,提供该车停车位置信息,并熄火上锁,信息中心更新该数据库中的汽车租赁数据。 Return the car, the user operates the on-board controller sends signals end to the information center, providing car parking location information, and turn off lock, car rental information center updates the data in the database. 这种方法对于以大量减少私家车为目的的用途来说不够便捷。 This method is not convenient for a lot in order to reduce the use of private cars for the purpose of speaking. 首先,这种租车方式尽管可以满足少数人个性化的常规租车要求, 一定程度上方便车辆租赁,但是不适合短程、短时间用车,无法满足大量用户及时使用、随时还车的问题。 First, although the way this car to meet the requirements of conventional car a few personalized, convenient car rental to some extent, but not suitable for short-range, short-term car, unable to meet the large number of users in a timely manner using the car at any time of the issue. 其次,这样的方式不便于用户及时看到车就近分布情况,租车的手续不够简化,不能马上就近取车,快速用车。 Secondly, this approach is not easy for users to see the timely distribution of the nearest car, car rental not enough to simplify procedures, not immediately pick up the car nearby, fast car.

公开号为CN101320495A的发明专利申请公开一种车辆租赁服务系统,该方法在各地设置租赁服务的车银行网点操作装置,吸收租赁单位的车和私人车,在每辆车上设置具有识别号的非接触射频卡及防伪装置,提供给租赁车用户使用的用户卡,以及,通过网络通信线路对本地或异地车银行网点操作装置实施管理的中央管理装置。 Publication No. CN101320495A the invention patent application discloses a vehicle rental system, the vehicle bank outlets operating means which is provided around the rental service, rental units absorb private cars and vehicles, provided with a non-identification number on each vehicle the contact card and the RF security device, to the user card rental car used by the user, and a communication line to a network via local or remote operating vehicle bank outlets embodiment of the central management apparatus management apparatus. 其目的是将社会现有车资源进行组合、共享,实现向公众提供一种本地或异地之间车租赁服务系统网络,同时能够向车所有人提供回馈租金分成。 The aim is to combine social resources existing car, sharing, offer car rental services system network between a native or off-site to the public, while providing feedback into the rental car to everyone. 当需要用车的人携带用户卡,在网点通过门禁系统,验证在什么时间什么地点什么人接走了什么车,当在另一个网点还车时,能够计算用车时间,以便计算租赁费用。 When you need car users who carry cards in outlets through access control systems, verify at what time what place who picked up the car, when another car outlets also can calculate the time of the car, in order to calculate the lease payment. 由于车从车银行库中存取,这样的午-银行需要较大的占地面积,不可能是广为遍布的,必须走到车银行才能了解是否有车可用,因此不能够解决便捷及时用车问题,不能满足随时随地取还汽车的需要,降低了取还车的便捷性。 Access from the car because the car banking library, this afternoon - banks need a large area, can not be widely spread, the car must come to the bank to find out if a car is available, it can not be solved timely and convenient car problems, still can not meet the need to take the car anywhere, reducing the convenience of taking the car. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是针对现有的汽车租赁系统取还车不够方便快捷等缺点,提供一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统。 The present invention is directed to an existing car rental system is not convenient to take the car and other shortcomings, take the car to provide a convenient car rental system.

本发明的另一目的是提供一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a convenient to take the car car leasing. 本发明所述一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统设有: 非接触射频卡和手机,非接触射频卡和手机由租赁汽车用户配置。 The present invention is also a convenient way to take the car car rental system is provided with: a non-contact RF card and mobile phone, mobile phone and the non-contact RF card configuration by a rental car users.

租赁汽车:租赁汽车上设有车载终端、非接触射频卡读卡器、门锁控制器和点火控制器, 车载终端配有GPS/GPRS定位通讯模块。 Rental Car: Rental cars are provided on-board terminal, non-contact RF card reader, door controllers and ignition controller, on-board terminal is equipped with GPS / GPRS communication module positioning.

信息中心:信息中心设有信息中心通讯装置、数据库和应用程序服务器,信息中心通讯装置用于给车载终端和手机提供实时数据通讯;数据库预先存储用户的非接触射频卡数据和点火密码数据,信息中心通讯装置与租赁汽车的车载终端进行实时无线数据通讯,数据库存储用户用车资料,对用户收取租赁费用,实时记录车辆时间、位置、速度资料,对租赁汽车进行控制;应用程序服务器将待用租赁汽车的位置信号处理后加载到用户手机GPS导航地图上;当信息中心通讯装置接受到租赁汽车车载终端传送来的非接触射频卡数据时,应用程序服务器利用数据库判断该用户是否为合法用户,并将用户注册数据回传到该租赁汽车的车载终端;车载终端利用该数据控制门锁控制器和点火控制器,完成租赁汽车车门开锁、控制该租赁汽车处于点火状态。 Information Center: Information Center information center has communication devices, databases and application servers, the information center for the vehicle-mounted communication device and mobile terminals provide real-time data communication; non-contact RF card data and the previously stored data in the database cryptographic ignition user information center communication device with the rental car vehicle terminal real-time wireless data communications, database storage car user information on the user fee rental fee, real-time recording of the vehicle, location, speed information on the rental car to control; the application server will stand after the position signal processing rental car loaded onto the user mobile GPS navigation map; communication device when the information center receives rental car non-contact RF card data transmitted to the vehicle terminal, the application server determines whether the user is using a database as a legitimate user, and user registration data back to the rental car onboard terminal; a terminal vehicle door lock controller using the data control and ignition control, rental car door unlocking is completed, the control of the rental vehicle is the ignition state.

用户将手机号、非接触射频卡数据和点火密码数据在中心注册后,用户通过显示待用租赁汽车位置数据的手机GPS导航地图可了解就近待用租赁汽车的停车情况;通过非接触射频卡在租赁汽车的读卡器上读卡,打开租赁汽车的车门,利用点火密码启动汽车;当非接触射频卡离开租赁汽车一定距离后,读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡信号时,车载终端控制车门自动闭锁。 The user phone number, non-contact RF card data and password data in the ignition after the Central Register, the user through the display stand rental car location data of mobile GPS navigation map can understand the parking situation near the stand rental car; through non-contact RF card card reader reader of rental cars, rental car doors open, the ignition to start the car by using the password; when the card leaves the non-contact RF rental cars at a distance, the reader can not detect the non-contact RF card signal, the terminal control vehicle automatic door locking.

租赁汽车上最好设有至少显示三种状态的指示灯,所述三种状态为租赁汽车处于待用状态、占用状态和车门已经开锁状态(如闪烁),以便用户辨认哪部车处于待用状态。 Preferably the rental car provided with a display indicator of at least three states, the three states in the standby state is a rental car, the door has occupied state and an unlocked state (e.g. flashing), so that the user identify which portion the vehicle is in a standby status.

在车载GPS导航仪上最好设有陀螺矫正仪,以克服定位死角,提高定位精度,使信息中心能够判断用户是否已将租赁汽车停在停车位上。 On the car GPS navigation has the best gyro correction instrument to overcome locate the dead, to improve positioning accuracy, the information center can determine whether the user has rental cars parked in the parking space.

所述一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统最好还设有车位系统,车位系统设有至少1个子车位系统,每1个子车位系统设有至少1个停车位、采集判断电路和子车位通讯装置,在每一个停车位上设有地感线圈和供电装置,地感线圈与采集判断电路输入端连接,采集判断电路输出端接子车位通讯装置,采集判断电路用于采集和判断子车位系统各停车位上是否停有汽车,计算出可用停车位数据,并将可用停车位数据信号通过子车位通讯装置传送至信息中心通讯装置。 The vehicle also takes a convenient car rental system preferably also provided parking systems, parking system is provided with at least one sub parking system, each parking system is provided with at least one sub a parking space, and the sub-spaces acquisition decision circuit communication device , with the sense coil on the power supply device and each parking space, and a sense coil acquisition decision circuit input terminal, an output judging circuit terminating acquisition sub-spaces communication device, determination circuit for collecting and gathering Analyzing each sub-system parking whether the car parked on the parking, calculates the parking data available, and the available parking spaces data signal transmitted through the sub communication device communication device to the information center.

所述非接触射频卡可以是SMPASS卡,或类似功能的电子标签,非接触射频卡可以与手机组合为一体,便于携带。 The card may be a non-contact RF tag SMPASS card, or functionally similar, non-contact RF card can be integrally combined with a mobile phone, portable.

所述租赁汽车可设置充电装置,充电装置的充电接口与停车位供电装置接口配套,以便为电动租赁汽车提供动力。 The rental car may be provided a charging device, a charging power supply interface parking charging device interface supporting means, in order to provide electric power for the rental car.

所述租赁汽车最好设有车况检测装置,车况检测装置与车载终端连接,以便车载终端管理车况检测装置,并通过通讯模块将车况信息传输到信息中心,便于管理方对汽车及时保养维护。 The rental car is preferably provided condition detecting means, and the vehicle condition detecting means connected to a terminal for terminal management vehicle condition detection means, and to transmit condition information to the information center through the communication module, to facilitate the management side of the car and timely maintenance.

一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法,包括以下步骤: A convenient method also take a car rental cars, comprising the steps of:

1) 将用户的手机号、非接触射频卡数据和个人设定的点火密码在信息中心数据库存档注 1) The user's mobile phone number, non-contact RF card data and personal settings are password in the ignition Information Center database archive Note

册; book;

2) 信息中心通过设于租赁汽车上的车载终端的定位通讯模块GPS/GPRS采集租赁汽车的定位信息,并将检测到的处于待用状态的各租赁汽车的位置数据经处理加载到用户手机的GPS导航地图上; 2) provided on the vehicle dashboard through a terminal on the rental vehicle location communication module GPS / GPRS rental car location information acquisition, and the detected position data of each rental car is ready for use by the user process loaded into the phone GPS navigation map;

3) 当用户将非接触射频卡靠近处于待用状态的租赁汽车车门非接触射频卡读卡器处,非接触射频卡读卡器读取非接触射频卡数据,并将非接触射频卡数据输入到车载终端,车载终端检测门锁控制器的数据,判断该车是否处于占用状态,如否,则车载终端将该非接触射频卡数据通过车载终端的定位通讯模块GPS/GPRS传输到信息中心,进行下一步骤;如是,则直接进行第5)步骤; 3) when the user is close to the non-contact RF card rental car door is in a standby state at the non-contact RF card reader, non-contact RF card reader reads the data of the non-contact RF card, RF card and the contactless data input the car terminal, the terminal vehicle door lock detection data controller, determines whether the vehicle is in the occupied state, if not, the vehicle terminal transmits the data through the non-contact RF card communication module positioned onboard terminal GPS / GPRS transmitted to the information center, the next step; if yes, directly 5) step;

4) 信息中心根据所收到的数据,通过应用程序控制器在数据库中验证用户是否合法,如合法,信息中心远程向步骤3)所述车载终端发送用户非接触射频卡数据和个人设定的点火密码数据,车载终端设定门锁控制器开锁数据为用户非接触射频卡数据; 4) the information center based on the data received by the controller application in the database to verify whether the user is legitimate, as valid, the remote information center to the step 3) of the vehicle terminal transmits the user data and the non-contact RF card of the personal settings ignition cryptographic data, the vehicle-mounted terminal setting data for the users to unlock the door lock controller is a non-contact RF card transactions;

5) 在租赁汽车车载终端,将车载非接触射频卡读卡器获得的数据与门锁控制器的数据进行比较,当数据符合时,车载终端控制车门自动开锁,车载终端设定点火控制器数据,点火控制器数据为用户点火密码数据; 5) In the vehicle-mounted terminal rental cars, the vehicle data with the non-contact RF card reader lock controller compares the obtained when the data are consistent, the terminal control vehicle doors automatically unlocked, the vehicle-mounted terminal setting data ignition controller , ignition firing controller user password data transactions;

76) 用户在车载终端上输入用户点火密码,车载终端将用户点火密码与点火控制器数据比对,当符合时,车载终端允许该用户点火启动汽车;当用户启动汽车后,车载终端向信息中心发送该租赁汽车被该用户占用指令,并控制车载指示灯显示占用状态,完成便捷取车点火动作; 76) The user inputs the password ignition, the vehicle terminal user password ignition of the ignition controller data than the on-board terminal, when met, the vehicle-mounted terminal allows the user to start the vehicle ignition; When a user starts automotive vehicle terminal to the information center the rental car is occupied by sending the user instruction, and controls the vehicle occupancy status indicator display, convenient to take the car ignition operation is completed;

7) 当租赁汽车停车后- 7) When the rental car parking -

如用户操作还车按键,确认选择还车后,当用户携带非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离, 车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制车门闭锁,向信息中心发送该用户终止占用该车指令,并将门锁控制器开锁数据和点火控制器数据复位,所述复位为清零或置于设定数据; As the car after the user operates the button to confirm the selection after the car, when the user carries the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, car non-contact RF card reader does not detect the non-contact RF card signals, the vehicle door lock control terminal transmits the command to the user by terminating the car dashboard, and resets the data and unlock the ignition lock controller data controller, it is reset to clear the data set or placed;

如用户操作保留用车按键,确认选择保留用车后,当非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离, 车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制门锁闭锁;车载终端控制门锁控制器保留该用户非接触射频卡数据,同样点火控制器保留用户点火密码数据。 The car after the user operates the reservation button, the car reservation confirm the selection, when the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, car non-contact RF card reader does not detect the non-contact RF card signals, the vehicle door lock control terminal locking; vehicle door lock controller maintains the control terminal of the non-contact RF card user data, the same ignition ignition controller maintains user password data.

在步骤1)中,在将用户的手机号、非接触射频卡数据和个人设定的点火密码在信息中心数据库存档注册的同时,最好预先将停车位的位置数据存储到信息中心数据库。 In step 1), the user's phone number, the non-contact RF card data and the personal password while setting firing central database archive information registered in advance is preferably stored in the parking position information data to a central database.

在步骤3)中,所述当用户将非接触射频卡靠近处于待用状态的租赁汽车车门非接触射频卡读卡器处之前最好用户根据租赁汽车上的指示灯判断哪部车处于待用状态。 In step 3), when the user is close to the non-contact RF card rental car door is in a standby state before the non-contact RF card reader of the user to determine which best indicator unit according to the vehicle on the stand in a rental car status.

在步骤4)中,在所述车载终端设定门锁控制器开锁数据为该用户非接触射频卡数据同时,车载终端最好也给点火控制器赋予该用户点火密码数据。 In step 4), the data is set in the unlocked lock controller onboard terminal while the terminal is preferably also given to the vehicle ignition user password the user data to the ignition controller for the non-contact RF card data.

在步骤7)中,所述当租赁汽车停车后,如用户没有操作还车按键,车载终端设置默认该用户继续占用该租赁汽车,当非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离,车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制门锁闭锁;车载终端使门锁控制器保留该用户非接触射频卡数据,同样点火控制器保留用户点火密码数据,这样便于该用户继续使用该车。 In step 7), when the rental car parking, such as the user does not operate the car keys, the onboard terminal set the default user continues to occupy the rental car, when the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, the non-contact RF card vehicle after the detection signal is less than the non-contact card reader RF card, vehicle door locking control terminal; a terminal vehicle door lock controller maintains a non-contact RF card of the user data, the same ignition ignition controller maintains user password data, which facilitates the users continue to use the car.

在步骤7)中,所述当租赁汽车停车后,如用户没有操作保留用车按键,车载终端设置默认该用户决定还车,当用户携带非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离,车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制车门闭锁,并向信息中心发送该车该用户占用终止指令,并将门锁控制器开锁数据和点火控制器数据复位,这样便于用户及时快捷还车,所述复位为清零或置于设定数据。 In step 7), when the rental car parking, vehicles such as the user does not operate to retain the key, the car terminal user decides to set a default the car, when the user carries the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, car non-contact RF card reader after a detection signal is less than the non-contact RF card, the vehicle door lock control terminal, and transmits the vehicle information center occupied by the user termination instruction, and the data and unlock the ignition lock controller reset controller data, it is easy to users also timely and efficient vehicle, is reset to clear the data set or placed.

在步骤7)中,当租赁汽车停车后,最好信息中心通过应用程序将租赁汽车停车的位置数据与停车位的位置数据对比计算,判断租赁汽车是否停在停车位。 In step 7), when the rental car parking, preferably by application dashboard lease parking position data and the position data of the vehicle is stopped comparison calculation, it is determined whether or rental cars parked in the parking space.

信息中心将各子车位系统车位可用数据进行处理,加载到车载GPS导航地图上,显示目的地和沿线就近可用停车位数据,以便用户在行车的过程中在停车位及时停车。 Each sub-information center parking spaces available data processing systems, GPS navigation loaded onto a map, and displays the destination along the nearest available parking data to the user in the process of driving the stop in the parking space.

将停车位的位置数据存储到信息中心数据库,信息中心通过应用程序将租赁汽车停车的位置数据与停车位的位置数据对比计算,判断租赁汽车是否停在停车位,这样才能对租赁汽车停车情况进行控制,防止乱停车。 The parking location data stored in the Information Center database, the information center by the application will lease the location data and parking the car parking location data comparison calculation to determine rental cars if parked in the parking space, in order to rent a car parking situation control to prevent indiscriminate parking.

由上述可知,信息中心与车载终端和手机实时通信,信息中心通过车载GPS/GPRS终端下载车辆停位数据,将待用车辆的位置信息数据经处理后并加载到用户手机GPS导航地图上, 可引导用户到最近的停车处,根据车上指示灯判断哪辆车处于待用状态,对于待用车用户只要将所配非接触射频卡的手机贴近车门,车上非接触射频卡读卡器检测到手机非接触射频卡信息,在租赁汽车没有占用的情况下,通过车载终端的通讯模块传输到信息中心,信息中心将该数据与数据库中用户存档数据进行比对,如验证是合法用户,信息中心给车载终端传输该用户注册数据,车载终端将该数据经处理,在门锁控制器赋予用户预留非接触射频卡数据, 给点火控制器赋予用户点火密码。 From the foregoing, the information center with real-time communication and mobile vehicle terminal, the information center to download data through the vehicle stop position of the vehicle GPS / GPRS terminal, the standby position of the vehicle information data after processing the user and loaded onto a mobile GPS navigation map can be guiding the user to the nearest parking, the vehicle lamp according to determined which car is ready for use, the user simply vehicles for the mobile phone to be equipped with the non-contact RF card is close to the door, the car detects the non-contact RF card reader to the phone non-contact radio frequency card information, in the case of a rental car is not occupied by a transport vehicle terminal communication module to the information center, information center and database data in the user archive data for comparison, such as verification is a legitimate user, information transmitted to the vehicle center terminal user registration data, the data processed in-vehicle terminal, the door lock controller gives the user a non-contact RF card reservation data, the controller gives the user to fire ignition password. 车载终端比较门锁控制器数据与非接触射频卡读卡器读到数据,如一致,控制车门开锁。 Comparative data lock controller-vehicle terminal with the contactless card reader to read RF data, such as consistency, controls the door lock. 用户上车后,可在车载终端GPS显示器上按要求输入点火密码,通过验证之后,允许该用户点火启动汽车;当用户启动汽车后,车载终端向信息中心发送该车占用指令,并使指示灯显示占有状态,完成便捷取车点火启动动作。 After the user on the car, ignition can be required to enter a password, after passing through the verification, allowing the user to start the vehicle on-board ignition GPS terminal display; When a user starts car, vehicle occupancy-vehicle terminal transmits an instruction to the information center, and the indicator occupancy status display, complete and convenient pick up the car ignition to start the action.

在行车过程中,信息中心将可用停车位数据加载经到车载GPS导航地图上,动态显示目的地的停车位可用数量和行车就近的停车位可用情况,以便租赁汽车在停车位就近停车。 In the driving process, the information center parking spaces will be available through the data loaded into the on-board GPS navigation maps, dynamic display of the number of available parking spaces destination and driving nearby parking availability for rental cars parking in the nearby parking.

停车后可选择还车或保留用车,当保留用车时,该车指示灯继续显示占用状态,并保持车门开锁控制器和点火控制器数据,指示灯显示占用状态。 Alternatively the car after parking the car or retained, when retained by the car, the car continues to display the indicator occupied state, and holding the door unlock control and ignition control data, the indicator displays the occupancy state. 用户离开车一定距离,车门自动闭锁。 The user leaves the car a certain distance, automatic locking doors. 该用户可继续保留该车的使用权,当再次用手机贴近车门时,可再次打开车门,在点火控制器上经密码验证后可继续点火使用。 The user can continue to retain the right to use the car, when again with the phone close to the door, open the door again, after password verification on ignition ignition controller can continue to use. 当选择还车时,或直接离开车一定距离后,车门自动闭锁,车载终端向信息中心发送该车该用户占有终止指令,并将车门开锁控制器和点火控制器清零,指示灯显示待用状态,以便下一位用户使用。 When selective car, directly or after a certain distance away from the car, automatically locking the door, the vehicle terminal transmits to the information center to the vehicle user occupied termination instruction, and cleared door unlock control and ignition control, indicator display stand state, so that the next user. _ _

与现有的汽车租赁系统相比,本发明具有以下突出的优点: Compared with the existing vehicle rental system, the present invention has the following outstanding advantages:

1、 租赁汽车的査询和取还租赁汽车的操作极为便捷,取还租赁汽车可在城市的各个停车位上进行,因此可实现及时短距离,随时随地租赁和退还租赁汽车。 1, car rental inquiries and take also extremely convenient rental car operation, rental cars can also be taken at all parking spaces of the city, a short distance and therefore can be achieved in a timely manner, leasing and rental cars anywhere refund.

2、 由于可以低成本地随时随地使用租赁汽车,可使用户既享受使用汽车之利,又避开拥有汽车之弊,避免了使用和拥有私家汽车需要支付庞大的车购置费、车库购置费、保养费、 保险费和停车费,大幅度减少私家车的保有量,改善交通拥堵现象。 2, due to the low cost can be used rental cars anywhere, users can not only use the car to enjoy the benefits, while avoiding the disadvantages of car ownership, avoiding the use and ownership of private cars have to pay a huge fee to purchase the car, garage purchase costs, maintenance, insurance and parking fees, a significant reduction of private car ownership, improve traffic congestion.

3、 从根本上改善城市停车难的问题,由于进入停车位的车不用占有车位,在其购物办事的同时,该车已被别人开走,实现了车位的快速流通。 3, fundamentally improve the urban parking problems, due to the entry of car parking spaces do not occupy parking spaces, while its shopping service, the car has been driven away by others, to achieve a rapid flow of parking spaces. 4、很好解决了城市远途、中途和近途的关系,近距离的可走路解决,既锻炼身体又大幅减轻城市交通压力,克服动辄用车习惯,改善身体健康状况;稍远可就近使用租赁汽车;远途则通过租赁汽车——城市快速公交(BRT)——租赁汽车换乘来解决,不需要全程驾车, 既实现快速移动,又降低交通费用和道路占用率,大幅度改善城市交通,减少城市空气污染。 4, a good solution to the relationship between long-haul city, and near the middle of the way, walk a short distance can solve both exercise and significantly reduce the pressure on urban traffic, car easily overcome habits, improve physical health; use a little far to the nearest car rental; rental car through the long-haul - to solve the rental car transfer, do not need the whole drive, to achieve both fast-moving, and reduce transportation costs and road occupancy rate, a significant improvement in urban transport - bus rapid transit (BRT) reduce urban air pollution. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明实施例1的整体系统图。 FIG 1 is a diagram of the overall system of the present embodiment of the invention. 图2为本发明实施例1的开锁流程图。 FIG 2 is a flow diagram unlocking embodiment of the present invention. 图3为本发明实施例3的开锁流程图。 Example 3 FIG. 3 flowchart unlock embodiment of the invention. 图4为本发明实施例1的点火流程图。 Example 1 FIG. 4 is a flowchart of an ignition embodiment of the present invention. 图5为本发明实施例1的还车流程图。 FIG 5 is also a flowchart of the embodiment of the vehicle of the present invention. 图6为本发明实施例2的还车流程图。 FIG 6 a flow diagram the car 2 embodiment of the invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一歩说明。 The present invention into a ho described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments. 实施例1 Example 1

如图1所示, 一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统设有: 1, taking the car to a convenient car rental system is provided with:

用户:在信息中心注册用户SIMPASS卡12,该卡数据代表用户身份号,与手机ll结合成一体,便于携带,设置点火密码(区分是否是本人),此两个数据信息在信息中心数据库41中存档注册。 User: a user registered in the dashboard SIMPASS card 12, the card data representing the user ID number, combined with the integrated ll phone, portable, ignition is provided password (if distinguish himself), the two information data in the information center database 41 archived Registry.

租赁汽车2:配备一定制式的电动汽车,便于在车海中从大类上识别;对于个性化的少量会员制租赁汽车,可以配备各种款式和各种品牌的燃油汽车,但车上都设置至少显示三种状态的指示灯22,可显示车辆的待用状态、占用状态和车门开锁状态,使用户方便识别哪辆车可用;车上备有车载终端20,包含GPS/GPRS定位通讯模块23;车门处配非接触射频识别卡读卡器21、门锁控制器24和点火控制器25, GPS导航仪显示器作为车载终端人机对话的操作平台;备有车况检测设备27,设置能与停车位配套的充电装置26。 Rental Car 2: with a certain standard of electric vehicles for easy identification in the car category from the sea; a small amount for personal membership rental car can be equipped with a variety of styles and various brands of automobile fuel, but at least the car are set 22 show three states of the indicators may be displayed in a standby state of the vehicle, and the door unlocked state occupancy state, which enables users to easily recognize the available vehicles; vehicle equipped with the vehicle-mounted terminal 20 comprises a GPS / GPRS communication module 23 is positioned; at non-contact with the door RFID card reader 21, the door lock controller 24 and the ignition controller 25, GPS navigation display as the operating platform of the vehicle-mounted terminal man-machine dialogue; with condition detecting device 27, can be provided with parking supporting the charging means 26.

车载终端20控制指示灯22、门锁控制器24、点火控制器25、 GPS/GPRS定位通讯模块23的显示器、车况检测设备27、充电装置26和SIMPASS卡读卡器21 。 Indicator 20 controls the vehicle-mounted terminal 22, the door lock controller 24, an ignition controller 25, GPS / GPRS communication module 23 is positioned in the display condition detecting device 27, the charging device 26 and a card reader 21 SIMPASS.

信息中心设有数据库41、信息中心通讯装置42和应用程序处理器43,数据库41预存合法用户的非接触射频卡12数据和与之相配的点火密码数据;利用无线通讯通过车载终端20 的GPS/GPRS定位通讯模块23对各车进行时间、位置、速度行车实时数据采集,便于进行用户结算管理,将待用租赁汽车2的位置信息数据加载到用户的手机11的GPS导航地图上。 Database with the information center 41, 43, 41 pre-stored database of authorized users of non-contact RF card data 12 and the ignition with matching cryptographic data communication apparatus 42 and the information center applications processor; vehicle by wireless communication terminal 20 by GPS / GPRS communication module 23 is positioned for each vehicle time, location, speed, real-time traffic data collection, facilitating user billing management, will stand rental car location data is loaded onto 2 GPS navigation map user's mobile phone 11.

车载GPS导航仪配有陀螺矫正仪,以克服定位死角,提高定位精度,达到信息中心能够判断是否将车停在停车位的要求。 Car GPS navigation device with a gyroscope correction to overcome locate the dead, to improve positioning accuracy, to determine whether the information center can be parked in the parking space requirements.

在每个子车位系统3的停车位上设置地感线圈31和供电装置32, 一个子车位系统设置一个与各车位地感线圈31相连的采集判断电路33和子车位通讯装置34,采集判断电路33 采集子车位系统各组地感线圈31的信号,经处理后将车位可用数据通过有线或无线通讯传送到信息中心,信息中心将每个子车位系统可用停车位信息加载到车载导航仪GPS地图上,以便行车时及时了解目的地和就近停车位可用情况,就近在停车位停车,使租赁汽车最大程度地广泛分布。 Provided a sense coil in the parking each sub parking system 3 31 and the power supply means 32, a sub parking system disposed acquisition judging circuit coupled to each parking sense coil 3133 and the sub-spaces communication device 34, the acquisition decision circuit 33 collect parking system each sub-group of the sense coil signal 31, the processed data is transmitted to the available parking space after the information center through wired or wireless communication, the information center will load each sub-system is available parking spaces on a car navigation information to the GPS map, so that keep abreast of the destination and the nearest parking availability while driving, parking nearby in the rental cars are widely distributed greatest extent.

租赁汽车2设置充电装置26,充电装置26的充电接口与子车位系统3的停车位的供电装置32接口配套;当租赁汽车2驶入停车位时,可从停车位向租赁汽车2供电,解决租赁汽车2的动力问题。 Rental car 2 is provided a charging device 26, a charging device charging parking spaces sub-system 26 interfaces with the power supply device 3 supporting the interface 32; when the rental car into the parking 2, 2 can supply to the rental car parking space, to solve rental car power question 2.

租赁汽车2设置车况检测装置27,车载终端控制车况检测装置27,并通过GPS/GPRS 定位通讯模块23将车况传输到信息中心,便于及时维护保养租赁汽车。 Rental car 2 provided condition detecting means 27, the control condition detecting vehicle-mounted terminal device 27, and 23 will be transmitted through the GPS / GPRS communication module positioned condition to the information center, to facilitate timely maintenance rental car. 采用上述系统进行取还车的汽车租赁的方法,包括如下步骤: With the above system to take the car rental car, comprising the steps of:

当一个用户要租赁汽车时,可打开手机的GPS导航地图,查阅就近待用租赁汽车的停车位情况,或直接到达就近的停车地点,从租赁汽车上的指示灯可了解哪辆车处于待用状态, 找到待用车走近该车;如图2,将SIMPASS卡靠近车门,车上读卡器探测到该SIMPASS卡, 将该卡信号传输给车载终端,车载终端判断本车是否已被人占用,如非占用则通过通信模块将该数据传送到信息中心,信息中心将该数据与数据库用户数据核对,判断是否是合法用户, 如是合法用户,将该用户SIMPASS卡数据及该用户的点火密码数据通过通讯系统传送到该车的车载终端,车载终端将SIMPASS卡数据赋予门锁控制器,车载终端比对SIMPASS卡读卡器读取的数据与门锁控制器的数据,如一致,控制门锁开锁,指示灯显示开锁状态(如闪烁); 同时车载终端将该用户对应的预留点火密码传输点 When a user wants to rent a car, you can open the phone's GPS navigation map, a nearby stand of rental car parking situation, or directly to the nearest parking spot, from lights on the car rental cars can understand what is in standby state, the car approached the car to be found; in FIG. 2, near the door SIMPASS card, the card reader detects a car SIMPASS card, the card transmits a signal to the vehicle-mounted terminal, the terminal determines whether the vehicle has been vehicle occupied, the occupation of non-transmitted through the communication module data to the information center, the information center and database user data check data, determines whether the user is legitimate, the case of a legitimate user, the card data and the user SIMPASS ignition user password data transfer via the communication system to the vehicle-vehicle terminal, the vehicle terminal SIMPASS imparting lock controller card data, than the data terminal and the vehicle door controller for reading SIMPASS card reader, such as consistency, control gate unlocking the lock, unlock status indicator display (scintillation); onboard terminal while the user password corresponding to the reserved transmission point ignition 火控制器,操纵该车开启车载GPS导航仪显示器,进入点火密码确认状态。 Fire control, manipulate the car open car GPS navigation display, enter the password to confirm the state of the ignition. 如图4,用户上车,在车载终端GPS显示屏上按提示输入点火密码,经验证无误,车载终端控制开启点火控制系统允许用户点火启动;用户点火启动汽车后,车载终端将该车该用户已占用指令传送到信息中心,行车信息通过GPS/GPRS23随时传输到信息中心,存储存档,以便信息中心对该车该用户进行管理; 4, the user vehicles, on-board GPS terminal display by firing prompted to enter the password, proven correct, vehicle terminal control system allows the user to control the ignition is turned on the ignition to start; after users ignition to start the car, the car terminal to the car user It occupied instruction to the information center, the driving information transmitted by GPS / GPRS23 at any time to the information center, archival storage, so that the information center to the vehicle user management;

在行驶中用户可以随时从GPS导航系统上看到目的地停车位可用数量和行车就近可用停车位情况,以便就近在停车位上停车; In traveling from the user can always see the GPS navigation system and a destination number of available parking spaces nearby road parking is available, the nearest to the parking in the parking space;

如图5,在停车位停车后,如用户没有操作还车按键,车载终端设置默认该用户继续占用该车,当用户携带SIMPASS卡下车离开设定距离,车载读卡器探测不到SIMPASS卡信息时,车载终端控制车门自动闭锁;车载终端控制该车的门锁控制器和点火控制器的保留该用户数据。 5, after parking, as the user does not operate the car keys, the onboard terminal set the default user continues to occupy the car, when the user carries the card SIMPASS off set distance away from, the vehicle-mounted card reader undetectable SIMPASS information, the vehicle terminal automatically controls the door latch; reserve the user data terminal control vehicle car ignition lock controller and the controller. 由于信息中心在前面点火后获得该用户占用该车信号,可以继续记录该用户用车时间,并计付车位停车费。 Since the information center to obtain the user occupied in the car after the front of the ignition signal, the user can continue to record and tour time, pay the parking meter and parking fees. 当该用户SIMPASS卡再次靠近车门时,车门自动开锁,经点火启动密码验证后再次用车,这样设置便于用户继续保留用车,如还车程序。 When the user SIMPASS card again close the door, the door is automatically unlocked after the ignition started by the password verification car again, so that user convenience is provided to retain vehicles, such as the car program.

如用户操作还车按键,确认选择还车后,当用户携带SIMPASS卡离开车门设定距离, SIMPASS卡读卡器探测不到用户SIMPASS卡信号时,车门自动闭锁,车载终端将该用户终止占用该车指令传输到信息中心,结束该次车辆租赁,车载终端将门锁控制器和点火控制器数据清零,指示灯显示待用状态,信息中心将该待用租赁汽车停车位置数据传输到用户手机GPS导航图上,以便新用户使用。 As the user operates the car key to confirm selection after the car, when the user carries the card leaves the door SIMPASS set distance, when the card reader does not detect user SIMPASS SIMPASS card signals, automatic locking of the door, the vehicle-mounted terminal user by terminating the car instruction is transmitted to the information center, the end of the second vehicle rental, vehicle terminal will lock controller and ignition controller data is cleared, the indicator displays a standby state, the information center parking stand rental car location data to the user's mobile phone GPS FIG navigation for new users. 信息中心根据用户用车情况,以约定方式扣除用车费用和其他费用。 The information center users car case, by agreement deduct car expenses and other costs.

在非停车位停车,用户也可以选择保留用车和还车,保留用车操作与在停车位停车保留用车相同,管理方尽管不用向用户收取停车费,但如违章将由该用户支付违章罚款。 In the non-parking, users can also choose to keep the car and the car, leave the car in the operation and keep the same car parking, the management despite not charge parking fees to the user, but as illegal violation fines will be paid by the user . 但选择还车,车载终端可以清除该车开门控制器和点火控制器数据,使指示灯显示待用状态,以便下一位用户用车。 However, selective car, car door vehicle terminal can clear the data controller and the ignition control, so that the indicator display standby state, so that the next user car. 在下一位用户用车之前的租车费仍由该没有将车开到规定停车位的用户承担。 Before the next one user car hire car still does not drive the truck to the parking user-defined commitment. 这样可以保证租赁汽车能尽量停车在停车位,实现及时充电。 This will ensure a rental car can park in the parking space as much as possible, to achieve timely charge. 该车停车位置信息在用户手机GPS上仍有体现,以便新用户查询。 The car parking location information is still reflected in the user's mobile phone GPS, so that the new user query.

将城市停车位位置数据存储到信息中心的数据库,信息中心通过应用程序将租赁汽车停 The storage location city parking data to the information center's database, the information center through the rental car parked application

车位置数据与停车位位置数据对比计算,判断租赁汽车是否停在停车位,便于对车辆停车情况进行管理,防止乱停车。 Car parking position data and position data comparison calculation to determine whether the rental car parked in the parking space, easy to manage the parking of vehicles, to prevent indiscriminate parking.

采用本发明后,当租赁汽车在某个停车位停车并还车后,其他用户可以立即将车开走, 提高了车位的利用率,可从根本上改善停车难问题。 With this invention, when the rental car and parking the car in a parking space, other users can drive away immediately improve the utilization of parking spaces, parking is difficult to improve the problem fundamentally. 由于大批量设置使用带充电和车位状态探测功能停车系统,在服务租赁汽车的同时,为私家电动汽车提供充电服务,促进电动汽车的普及使用。 Due to the use of high-volume settings and parking spaces with charging state detection capability parking system, car rental services, while providing services to the private charging electric vehicles, promote the popularization of electric vehicles. 可从根本上改善城市空气质量,减少废气污染和噪声污染。 Can improve urban air quality radically reduce air pollution and noise pollution.

运行该租赁汽车系统之后,人们可以随时随地使用租赁汽车,在非交通状态不再占有汽车,提高停车位的利用率,改善城市交通,解决停车难的问题。 After running the car rental system, people can use rental cars anywhere in the non-automotive transportation state is no longer occupied, improve the utilization of parking space, improve urban traffic, solve parking problems.

实施例2,如图6所示,与实施例l不同之处在于:在还车流程中,停车后,如用户没有操作保留用车按键,车载终端设置默认该用户决定还车;当SIMPASS卡离开车门设定距离, 读卡器探测不到SIMPASS卡的信号后,控制车门自动闭锁。 Example 2, as shown in FIG. 6, l embodiment differs in that: the car in the process, after stopping, the operation as the user does not retain the car keys, the onboard terminal user decides to set a default that the car; when the card SIMPASS set distance away from the door, the card reader not SIMPASS detection signal, controls the door automatic locking. 车载终端使门锁控制器和点火控制器据清零;向信息中心发送该用户终止该车占用指令,车辆状态指示灯显示待用状态,该租赁汽车可接受新用户对该车的开门刷卡申请;这样便于每次停车熄火都可以迅速还车,如还车流程。 And a vehicle terminal so that the ignition lock controller according to the controller clears; sending the user instruction to terminate occupancy vehicle dashboard, vehicle status indicators inactive state, the new rental car users pharmaceutically card application on the door of the car ; this facilitates each parking stall can be quickly the car, as the car process.

实施例3,如图3所示,与实施例1不同之处在于:在开锁流程中,信息中心将该用户SIMPASS卡数据及该用户的点火密码数据通过通讯系统回传到该车的车载终端,车载终端将SIMPASS卡数据赋予门锁控制器,同时将该用户对应的预留点火密码数据赋予点火控制器, 如开锁流程。 Example 3, shown in Figure 3, the embodiment differs from the first embodiment in that: in the unlocking process, the information center and the user card data SIMPASS ignition password of the user data through the communication system back to the vehicle-vehicle terminal , the vehicle terminal SIMPASS imparting lock controller card data, while the reservation data of the user password corresponding to the ignition imparting ignition control, such as unlocking process.

实施例4,信息中心将所有用户信息下载到各租赁汽车的车载终端,并及时进行数据更新,保证新用户的数据能及时到达各车,这样开锁的时候将不再需要信息中心回传用户资料, 车载终端自动判断该用户是否合法,如合法,车门自动开锁,车载终端将该用户的非接触射频卡数据存入门锁控制器,点火密码存人点火控制器,当用户点火启动以后,向信息中心发送该用户占用该车信息,以便进行结算和管理。 Example 4, the information center will download all user information to each rental car vehicle terminal, and timely data updates, ensure that the new user data can arrive each car, so time will no longer need to unlock the information center return user data vehicle terminal automatically determines whether the user is valid, as valid, the doors automatically unlocked, the vehicle terminal non-contact RF card data is stored in the user lock controller, ignition firing controller deposited in the password, the user when the ignition is started, the information Center sends the user occupancy vehicle information for billing and management.

以上实施例仅为本发明的几个实施例而已,故不能以此限定本发明实施的范围,本发明的租赁汽车可以是任何形式的动力车,凡是利用本发明的系统和方法提供多人共享,无人值 Several embodiments of the present embodiment only the above embodiment of the invention only, it can not limit the scope of this embodiment of the present invention, rental cars present invention may be any form of powered vehicle, many people who use the system and method provided according to the present invention share , no value

守,合法会员都能够方便打开车门、使用车辆,并能交还车的方法和系统,以及利用本系统和方法为其他车辆提供空车位指引,为单位、系统提供共享车辆査询,即依本发明申请专利 Keep, legitimate members are able to easily open the door, the use of vehicles, and the car can be returned to the methods and systems, and the use of present systems and methods provide guidance to other vehicles empty spaces, provide shared vehicle inquiry as a unit, system, that under this invention apply for patent

范围及说明书内容所作的等效变化与修饰,皆应仍属本发明专利涵盖的范围内。 Modifications and equivalent scope and content description made, are within the scope of the invention should be encompassed by the present patent still.

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Claims (9)

1.一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统,其特征在于设有: 非接触射频卡和手机,非接触射频卡和手机由租赁汽车用户配置; 租赁汽车:租赁汽车上设有车载终端、非接触射频卡读卡器、门锁控制器和点火控制器,车载终端配有GPS/GPRS定位通讯模块; 信息中心:信息中心设有信息中心通讯装置、数据库和应用程序服务器,信息中心通讯装置用于给车载终端和手机提供实时数据通讯;数据库预先存储有用户的非接触射频卡数据和点火密码数据,数据库存储用户用车资料,应用程序服务器将待用租赁汽车的位置信号处理后加载到用户手机GPS导航地图上;当信息中心通讯装置接受到租赁汽车车载终端传送来的非接触射频卡数据时,应用程序服务器利用数据库判断该用户是否为合法用户,并将用户注册数据回传到该租赁汽车的车载终端;车载终端利用该数据控 A convenient to take the car rental system of the car, which is provided wherein: the non-contact RF card and mobile phone, mobile phone and the non-contact RF card configured by the user car rental; Rental Car: vehicle terminal is provided on a rental car, the non- the contact RF card reader, and an ignition lock controller controllers, vehicle-mounted terminal with GPS / GPRS communication module positioned; information Center: information Center information center has communication devices, databases and application servers, the information center communication device to provide real-time mobile phone to the vehicle terminal and data communications; post-position signal processing database pre-stored data with a contactless RF card and password data users ignition, the car database to store user data, application servers will stand rental car loaded to the user GPS navigation maps on the phone; when the communication device receives information center rental car non-contact RF card data transmitted to the vehicle terminal, an application server using the database to determine whether the user is a legitimate user, and the user registration data back to the lease automotive vehicle terminal; vehicle-mounted terminal using the data control 制门锁控制器和点火控制器,完成租赁汽车车门开锁、控制该租赁汽车处于点火状态; 租赁汽车停车后,当非接触射频卡离开租赁汽车设定距离后,读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡信号时,车载终端控制车门自动闭锁。 Ignition lock controller and system controller, rental car door unlocking is completed, the control of the rental vehicle is in ignition state; the rental car parking, when the non-contact RF card set distance away from the rental car, the non-contact card reader undetectable when the signal RF card, the onboard control terminal automatic locking of the door.
2. 如权利要求1所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统,其特征在于租赁汽车上设有至少显示三种状态的指示灯,所述三种状态为租赁汽车处于待用状态、占用状态和车门己经开锁状态。 2. one of the claim 1, convenient to take the car rental car system, characterized in that the display is provided on at least three car rental status indicator, the three states in the standby state is a rental car, the door has occupied state and an unlocked state.
3. 如权利要求1所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统,其特征在于还设有车位系统, 车位系统设有至少1个子车位系统,每1个子车位系统设有至少1个停车位、采集判断电路和子车位通讯装置,在每一个停车位上设有地感线圈和供电装置,地感线圈与采集判断电路输入端连接,采集判断电路输出端接子车位通讯装置,采集判断电路用于采集和判断子车位系统各停车位上是否停有汽车,计算出可用停车位数据,并将可用停车位数据信号通过子车位通讯装置传送至信息中心通讯装置;信息中心的应用程序服务器将接受到的各子车位系统车位可用数据进行处理,通过信息中心的通信装置和车载终端的定位通讯模块GPS/GPRS, 实时将该数据加载到车载GPS导航地图上。 3. one of the claim 1, further convenient to take the car car rental system, wherein the system further has a parking, parking system is provided with at least one sub parking system, each parking sub-system 1 is provided with at least one stop bits, and the sub-spaces acquisition decision circuit communication apparatus, the sense coil is provided on each of the power supply device and a parking space, the acquisition is determined with the sense coil circuit input terminal, an output judging circuit terminating acquisition sub-spaces communication device, determination circuit collection whether parked cars, calculating the available parking spaces for each parking space on the data acquisition and determination sub parking system and the available parking spaces the sub-data signal communication means for transmitting information to the communication center apparatus; dashboard application server each sub-system receives parking spaces available data is processed by the communication terminal apparatus and the vehicle information center location communication module GPS / GPRS, the real-time data is loaded into the on-board GPS navigation map.
4. 如权利要求1所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁系统,其特征在于所述非接触射频卡为SIMPASS卡,或电子标签;所述非接触射频卡与手机组合为一体。 4. one of the claim 1, convenient to take the car rental car system, characterized in that the non-contact RF card SIMPASS card, or an electronic tag; the non-contact RF card in combination with a mobile phone as a whole.
5. —种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤-1)将用户的手机号、非接触射频卡数据和个人设定的点火密码在信息中心数据库存档注册;2) 信息中心通过设于租赁汽车上的车载终端的定位通讯模块GPS/GPRS采集租赁汽车的定位信息,并将检测到的处于待用状态的各租赁汽车的位置数据经处理加载到用户手机的GPS导航地图上;3) 当用户将非接触射频卡靠近处于待用状态的租赁汽车车门非接触射频卡读卡器处,非接触射频卡读卡器读取非接触射频卡数据,并将非接触射频卡数据输入到车载终端,车载终端检测门锁控制器的数据,判断该车是否处于占用状态,如否,则车载终端将该非接触射频卡数据通过车载终端的定位通讯模块GPS/GPRS传输到信息中心,进行下一步骤;如是,则直接进行第5)步骤;4) 信息中心根据所收到的数据,通过应用程序 5. - Species car leasing convenient to take the car, characterized by comprising the steps of -1), the user's phone number, the non-contact cryptographic ignition RF card data and personal information registered in the archive set of central database; 2) Information the position data of each car rental vehicle provided by the central terminal on the rental vehicle location communication module GPS / GPRS rental car location information acquisition, and the standby state is detected to be loaded into the user's handset processed GPS navigation map on; 3) when the user is close to the non-contact RF card rental car door is in a standby state at the non-contact RF card reader, non-contact RF card reader reads the data of the non-contact RF card, and the non-contact RF card a data input terminal to the vehicle, the vehicle-mounted terminal detects data lock controller determines whether the vehicle is in the occupied state, if not, the vehicle terminal transmits the data through the non-contact RF card communication module positioned onboard terminal GPS / GPRS transmit information to center, the next step; if yes, directly 5) step; 4) the information center based on the data received by the application 制器在数据库中验证用户是否合法,如合法,信息中心远程向步骤3)所述车载终端发送用户非接触射频卡数据和个人设定的点火密码数据,车载终端设定门锁控制器开锁数据为用户非接触射频卡数据;5) 在租赁汽车车载终端,将车载非接触射频卡读卡器获得的数据与门锁控制器的数据进行比较,当数据符合时,车载终端控制车门自动开锁,车载终端设定点火控制器数据,点火控制器数据为用户点火密码数据;6) 用户在车载终端上输入用户点火密码,车载终端将用户点火密码与点火控制器数据比对,当符合时,车载终端允许该用户点火启动汽车;当用户启动汽车后,车载终端向信息中心发送该租赁汽车被该用户占用指令,并控制车载指示灯显示占用状态,完成便捷取车点火动作;7) 当租赁汽车停车后:如用户操作还车按键,确认选择还车后,当用户 System verifies whether the user is legitimate, as valid, the information center distance 3) of the vehicle terminal transmits the user data and the non-contact RF card ignition cryptographic data set in the individual steps, unlocked lock controller set-vehicle terminal data in the database non-contact RF card for the user transactions; 5) in the vehicle-mounted terminal rental cars, the vehicle data with the non-contact RF card reader lock controller compares the obtained when the data are consistent, in-vehicle terminal automatically controls the door lock, terminal setting data controller vehicle ignition, the ignition controller ignition user password data transactions; 6) the user inputs the password ignition, the on-board vehicle terminal terminal user password ignition controller to the ignition data comparison, when met, vehicle terminal allows the user to start the vehicle ignition; when a user starts automotive vehicle terminal transmits the rental car is occupied by the user instruction, and controls the vehicle occupancy status indicator display, convenient to take the car ignition operation is completed to the information center; 7) when the car rental after stopping: the user operates the car buttons, car selective confirm, when the user 携带非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离, 车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制车门闭锁,向信息中心发送该用户终止占用该车指令,并将门锁控制器开锁数据和点火控制器数据复位,所述复位为清零或置于设定数据;如用户操作保留用车按键,确认选择保留用车后,当非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离, 车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制门锁闭锁;车载终端控制门锁控制器保留该用户非接触射频卡数据,同样点火控制器保留用户点火密码数据。 Carrying the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, the non-contact RF card reader vehicle detection signal is less than the non-contact RF card, the vehicle door lock control terminal, transmits the user command to the car by terminating the information center, and the door unlocking the ignition lock controller data and data controller reset, the reset is cleared or set of data is placed; car as the user operates the reservation button, the car reservation confirm the selection, when the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door , the non-contact RF card reader vehicle detection signal is less than the non-contact RF card, vehicle door locking control terminal; vehicle door lock controller maintains the control terminal of the non-contact RF card user data, the user retains the same ignition firing controller password data.
6. 如权利要求5所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法,其特征在于在步骤l)中,在将用户的手机号、非接触射频卡数据和个人设定的点火密码在信息中心数据库存档注册的同时,预先将停车位的位置数据存储到信息中心数据库。 6. An easy to claim 5, wherein the method further take car rental vehicle, characterized in that in step l), the user's phone number, the non-contact RF card data and the personal password information set in the ignition central database archive registered at the same time, pre-stored parking position information data to a central database.
7. 如权利要求5所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法,其特征在于在步骤4)中,在所述车载终端设定门锁控制器开锁数据为该用户非接触射频卡数据同时,车载终端也给点火控制器赋予该用户点火密码数据。 7. An easy to claim 5, wherein the method further take the car rental vehicle, characterized in that in step 4), the lock controller is set non-contact RF card lock data for the user data in the onboard terminal Meanwhile, the vehicle-mounted terminal may also give the user the controller to fire ignition cryptographic data.
8. 如权利要求5所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法,其特征在于在步骤7)中,所述当租赁汽车停车后,如用户没有操作还车按键,车载终端设置默认该用户继续占用该租赁汽车,当非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离,车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制门锁闭锁;车载终端使门锁控制器保留该用户非接触射频卡数据, 同样点火控制器保留用户点火密码数据;或所述当租赁汽车停车后,如用户没有操作保留用车按键,车载终端设置默认该用户决定还车,当用户携带非接触射频卡离开车门设定距离,车载非接触射频卡读卡器探测不到非接触射频卡的信号后,车载终端控制车门闭锁,并向信息中心发送该车该用户占用终止指令, 并将门锁控制器开锁数据和点火控制器数据复位,所述复位为清零或置于设定数据。 8. An easy to claim 5, wherein the method further take the car rental vehicle, wherein in step 7), when the rental car parking, such as the user does not operate the car keys, the onboard terminal set default the user continues to occupy a rental car, when the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, the non-contact RF card reader vehicle detection signal is less than the non-contact RF card, vehicle door locking control terminal; a terminal vehicle door lock control the user retains the non-contact RF card data, the same ignition ignition controller maintains user password data; or when the rental car parking, vehicles such as the user does not operate to retain the key, the car terminal user decides to set a default the car, when the user carrying the non-contact RF card set distance away from the door, the non-contact RF card reader vehicle detection signal is less than the non-contact RF card, the vehicle door lock control terminal, and transmits the vehicle information center occupied by the user termination instruction, and the door lock controller and an ignition controller data reset data, is reset to clear the data set or placed.
9. 如权利要求5所述的一种便捷取还车的汽车租赁方法,其特征在于在步骤7)中,当租赁汽车停车后,信息中心通过应用程序将租赁汽车停车的位置数据与停车位的位置数据对比计算,判断租赁汽车是否停在停车位。 9. An easy to claim 5, wherein the method further take the car rental vehicle, wherein in step 7), when the rental car parking, the information center by the application data and the parking position rental cars parked the comparison of the data to calculate the position to determine whether the rental car parked in the parking space.
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