CN101527061A - Automobile renting system and method convenient for returning automobile - Google Patents

Automobile renting system and method convenient for returning automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101527061A
CN101527061A CN200910111459A CN200910111459A CN101527061A CN 101527061 A CN101527061 A CN 101527061A CN 200910111459 A CN200910111459 A CN 200910111459A CN 200910111459 A CN200910111459 A CN 200910111459A CN 101527061 A CN101527061 A CN 101527061A
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China
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car
user
data
terminal
rent
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CN200910111459A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101527061B (en
Inventor
周军现
张建寰
洪永强
冯勇建
陈文芗
罗明生
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厦门大学
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Priority to CN2009101114598A priority Critical patent/CN101527061B/en
Publication of CN101527061A publication Critical patent/CN101527061A/en
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Publication of CN101527061B publication Critical patent/CN101527061B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an automobile renting method and provides an automobile renting system and method convenient for returning an automobile. An information center is communicated with an onboard terminal and a mobile phone in real time, the information center loads parking data of the automobile to be rented to a GPS navigation map of the mobile phone of a user to guide the user to find a standby automobile nearby, the user to use the automobile only needs to close a non-contact radio-frequency card integrated with the mobile phone to an automobile door, and the automobile door is unlocked automatically. The legal user gets on the automobile and inputs a user ignition code into a GPS display of the onboard terminal, and then the automobile can be ignited and started after the code is certified as authentic, thus achieving convenient automobile taking at a parking space. In the driving process, the user can inquire a destination and available conditions of the parking spaces nearby along the line on an onboard GPS navigation instrument so as to park in the parking space in time. After parking and switching off a motor, the user can conveniently select returning and keeping of the automobile, and after the user leaves the rented automobile for certain distance, the automobile door is locked automatically.

Description

A kind of convenient automobile leasing System and method for of returning the car of getting

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of automobile leasing method, particularly relate to the automobile leasing System and method for that a kind of user of being convenient to inquires about, picks up the car, returns the car.

Background technology

The basic reason of city parking difficulty is: private car is the vehicles that exclusively enjoy, in case it is parked in certain parking stall, before the owner of this car does not have to move the private car of oneself, anyone can't reuse this parking stall, cause the poor efficiency of limited resources to occupy, so just caused the problem of parking difficulty.Because the comfortableness of automobile does not have alternate resources at present socially, certainly will impel the family that certain economic capability is arranged to try to be the first and have private car, a large amount of automobiles of Chinese city enter family in recent years proves exactly.Have private car, need not only to bear that car is purchased, car is deposited, the expense of insurance and oil plant, and use car easily, seriously having restricted walking and having taken exercise, cause the decline of physical skills, consequently, urban transportation is seriously stopped up, and the parking stall puts upon the full stretch, go down by such trend development, everybody attempts to have automobile, and the total amount of car rolls up, and urban traffic blocking, parking difficulty problem do not have in the solution forever.The city rolls up automobile and also causes serious air pollution and noise pollution.

Publication number is that the application for a patent for invention of CN101281628A discloses a kind of automobile leasing system and method that uses automotive electronics and mobile device, this method is sent the information requirements of hiring a car (information such as vehicle and place) by mobile phone to information center and is brought together by computer system by information center, send the door-opening password and the location information of required car to this user, indicate this user to this parking stall, simultaneously this user is accessed to your password and send to this vehicle controller, when utilizing mobile phone, the user sends the password of being received of picking up the car to this vehicle controller, this vehicle controller is verified this pick up the car password and user cipher, if match, then allow the user to start automobile.When returning the car, the user operates Vehicle Controller and sends end signal to information center, and this car parking spot information is provided, and flame-out locking, and information center upgrades the automobile leasing data in this database.This method is for convenient inadequately the purposes that is purpose with a large amount of minimizing private cars.At first,, make things convenient for vehicle leasing to a certain extent, be not suitable for short distance, short time and use car, can't satisfy the problem that a large number of users in time uses, returns the car at any time although this mode of hiring a car can satisfy the requirement of hiring a car of the routine of a few peoples' personalization.Secondly, such mode is not easy to the user and in time sees car distribution situation nearby, and the formality of hiring a car is simplified inadequately, can not pick up the car nearby, uses car fast at once.

Publication number is that the application for a patent for invention of CN101320495A discloses a kind of vehicle leasing service system, this method is provided with the car bank outlets operating means of lease service in various places, absorb the car and the private car of leasing unit, noncontact radio-frequency card and false proof device with identifier is set on each car, offer the subscriber card that the Car Rental user uses, and, by the central management device of network communication circuit to the operating means enforcement management of local and remote car bank outlets.Its objective is the existing carfare source of society is made up, shared, realize providing car leasing service system network between a kind of local and remote, can everyone provide the feedback rent to be divided into to car simultaneously to the public.When carrying subscriber card with the people of car, in the site by gate control system, checking when what place who connect away what car, when returning the car, can calculate the time of using cars, so that calculate lease expenses in another site.Because car access from car bank storehouse, such car bank needs bigger floor area, can not widely spread all over, whether must go to car bank could understand and have car to use, therefore can not solve the convenient timely car problem of using, can not satisfy and get the needs of going back automobile whenever and wherever possible, reduce and got the convenience of returning the car.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to get the shortcoming such as convenient and swift inadequately of returning the car, a kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting is provided at existing automobile leasing system.

Another object of the present invention provides a kind of convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting.

A kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting of the present invention is provided with:

Noncontact radio-frequency card and mobile phone, noncontact radio-frequency card and mobile phone are disposed by the rent-a-car user.

Rent-a-car: rent-a-car is provided with car-mounted terminal, noncontact radio-frequency card card reader, door lock controller and ignition controller, and car-mounted terminal is furnished with GPS/GPRS orientation and communication module.

Information center: information center is provided with information center's communication device, database and apps server, and information center's communication device is used for providing the real time data communication to car-mounted terminal and mobile phone; Database is stored user's noncontact radio-frequency card data and ignition code data in advance, the car-mounted terminal of information center's communication device and rent-a-car carries out the real-time radio data communication, database storing user uses the carfare material, the user is collected lease expenses, real time record vehicle time, position, speed data are controlled rent-a-car; Apps server is loaded on the user mobile phone GPS navigation map after the position signalling of stand-by rent-a-car is handled; When information center's communication device receives the noncontact radio-frequency card data that the rent-a-car car-mounted terminal sends, apps server utilizes database to judge whether this user is validated user, and user's log-on data is passed back to the car-mounted terminal of this rent-a-car; Car-mounted terminal utilizes this Data Control door lock controller and ignition controller, finishes the rent-a-car car door and unblanks, controls this rent-a-car and be in fired state.

After the registration of center, the user can understand the parking situation of stand-by rent-a-car nearby by the mobile phone GPS navigation map that shows stand-by rent-a-car position data to the user with cell-phone number, noncontact radio-frequency card data and ignition code data; By noncontact radio-frequency card Card Reader on the card reader of rent-a-car, open the car door of rent-a-car, utilize ignition code to start automobile; After the noncontact radio-frequency card leaves the rent-a-car certain distance, when card reader is surveyed less than noncontact radio-frequency card signal, car-mounted terminal control car door automatic blocking.

Preferably be provided with the pilot lamp that shows three kinds of states at least on the rent-a-car, described three kinds of states are that rent-a-car is in dormant state, seizure condition and car door unlocking condition (as flicker), are in dormant state so which car the user recognizes.

On the car borne GPS navigation instrument, preferably be provided with the gyro correcting instrument,, improve bearing accuracy, make information center can judge whether the user is parked in rent-a-car on the parking stall to overcome the dead angle, location.

Described a kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting preferably also is provided with the parking stall system, the parking stall system is provided with at least 1 sub-parking stall system, per 1 sub-parking stall system is provided with at least 1 parking stall, gather decision circuitry and sub-parking stall communication device, on each parking stall, be provided with ground induction coil and electric supply installation, ground induction coil is connected with collection decision circuitry input end, gather decision circuitry output terminal screw parking stall communication device, gathering decision circuitry is used for gathering and judges on each parking stall of sub-parking stall system whether stop to have automobile, calculate the available parking places data, and the available parking places data-signal is sent to information center's communication device by sub-parking stall communication device.

Described noncontact radio-frequency card can be the SIMPASS card, or the electronic tag of similar functions, and the noncontact radio-frequency card can be combined into one with mobile phone, is easy to carry.

Described rent-a-car can be provided with charging device, and the charging inlet of charging device and parking stall electric supply installation interface kit are so that provide power for electronic rent-a-car.

Described rent-a-car preferably is provided with the vehicle condition pick-up unit, and the vehicle condition pick-up unit is connected with car-mounted terminal, so that car-mounted terminal is managed the vehicle condition pick-up unit, and by communication module the vehicle condition information transmission is arrived information center, is convenient to manager to the timely maintenance of automobile.

A kind of convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting may further comprise the steps:

1) with the ignition code of user's cell-phone number, noncontact radio-frequency card data and personal set in the registration of filing of information center's database;

2) locating information of rent-a-car is gathered by the orientation and communication module GPS/GPRS that is located at the car-mounted terminal on the rent-a-car by information center, and with on the treated GPS navigation map that is loaded into user mobile phone of the position data of detected each rent-a-car that is in dormant state;

3) as the user with the noncontact radio-frequency card near being in the rent-a-car car door noncontact radio-frequency card card reader place of dormant state, noncontact radio-frequency card card reader reads noncontact radio-frequency card data, and noncontact radio-frequency card data are input to car-mounted terminal, the data of car-mounted terminal detecting gate lock controller, judge whether this car is in seizure condition, as not, then car-mounted terminal is transferred to information center with the orientation and communication module GPS/GPRS of these noncontact radio-frequency card data by car-mounted terminal, carries out next step; In this way, then directly carry out the 5th) step;

4) information center is according to the data of being received, verify by application controller whether the user is legal in database, as legal, information center is long-range to send the ignition code data of user's noncontact radio-frequency card data and personal set to the described car-mounted terminal of step 3), and it is user's noncontact radio-frequency card data that car-mounted terminal is set the door lock controller data of unblanking;

5) at the rent-a-car car-mounted terminal, the data of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader acquisition and the data of door lock controller are compared, when data fit, car-mounted terminal control car door auto-unlocking, car-mounted terminal is set the ignition controller data, and the ignition controller data are the user ignition code data;

6) user imports user ignition code on car-mounted terminal, and car-mounted terminal is with user ignition code and the comparison of ignition controller data, and when meeting, car-mounted terminal allows this user's ignition trigger automobile; After the user started automobile, car-mounted terminal sent this rent-a-car to information center and is instructed by this CU, and controlled vehicle-mounted pilot lamp demonstration seizure condition, finished the convenient igniting action of picking up the car;

7) after rent-a-car is stopped:

Operate the button of returning the car as the user, after confirming to select to return the car, when carrying the noncontact radio-frequency card, the user leaves the car door setpoint distance, behind the signal of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader detection less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, the locking of car-mounted terminal control car door, send this user to information center and stop taking this car instruction, and unblank data and ignition controller data of door lock controller are resetted, describedly be reset to zero clearing or place setting data;

Operate to keep as the user and use the car button, confirm to select to keep with behind the car, when the noncontact radio-frequency card leaves the car door setpoint distance, after vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader was surveyed signal less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, car-mounted terminal control gate locking was locked; Car-mounted terminal control gate lock controller keeps this user's noncontact radio-frequency card data, and same ignition controller keeps the user ignition code data.

In step 1), with the ignition code of user's cell-phone number, noncontact radio-frequency card data and personal set when information center's database files registration, preferably store the position data on parking stall into the information center database in advance.

In step 3), described when the user with the noncontact radio-frequency card near before being in the rent-a-car car door noncontact radio-frequency card card reader place of dormant state preferably the user judge that according to the pilot lamp on the rent-a-car which car is in dormant state.

In step 4), described car-mounted terminal set door lock controller unblank data for these user's noncontact radio-frequency card data simultaneously, car-mounted terminal is preferably also given this user ignition code data to ignition controller.

In step 7), it is described after rent-a-car is stopped, do not operate the button of returning the car as the user, car-mounted terminal is provided with this user of acquiescence and holds over this rent-a-car, when the noncontact radio-frequency card leaves the car door setpoint distance, behind the signal of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader detection less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, car-mounted terminal control gate locking lock; Car-mounted terminal makes door lock controller keep this user's noncontact radio-frequency card data, and same ignition controller keeps the user ignition code data, is convenient to this user like this and continues to use this car.

In step 7), it is described after rent-a-car is stopped, do not operate reservation car button as the user, car-mounted terminal is provided with this user's decision of acquiescence and returns the car, when carrying the noncontact radio-frequency card, the user leaves the car door setpoint distance, behind the signal of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader detection less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, the locking of car-mounted terminal control car door, and send this CU command for stopping of this car to information center, and unblank data and ignition controller data of door lock controller are resetted, be convenient to the user like this and in time fast return the car, describedly be reset to zero clearing or place setting data.

In step 7), after rent-a-car was stopped, preferably information center was calculated the position data of rent-a-car parking and the position data contrast on parking stall by application program, judges whether rent-a-car is parked in the parking stall.

Information center handles each sub-parking stall system parking stall data available, is loaded on the car borne GPS navigation map, shows destination and available parking places data nearby along the line, so that the user is in time stopped on the parking stall in the process of driving a vehicle.

Store the position data on parking stall into the information center database, information center is calculated the position data of rent-a-car parking and the position data contrast on parking stall by application program, judge whether rent-a-car is parked in the parking stall, could control rent-a-car parking situation like this, prevent random parking.

From the above, information center and car-mounted terminal and mobile phone real-time Communication for Power, information center is by vehicle GPS/GPRS terminal downloads vehicle off-position data, with the location information data of stand-by vehicle after treatment and be loaded on the user mobile phone GPS navigation map, bootable user is to nearest parking area, judge that according to pilot lamp on the car which car is in dormant state, for stand-by automobile-used family as long as the mobile phone of joining noncontact radio-frequency card is pressed close to car door, noncontact radio-frequency card card reader detects mobile phone noncontact radio-frequency card information on the car, under the situation that rent-a-car does not take, communication module by car-mounted terminal is transferred to information center, information center compares user's archive data in these data and the database, as checking is validated user, this user's log-on data is transmitted to car-mounted terminal in information center, car-mounted terminal is treated with these data, gives the user at door lock controller and reserves noncontact radio-frequency card data, gives user ignition code to ignition controller.Car-mounted terminal comparison door lock controller data and noncontact radio-frequency card card reader are read data, and as unanimity, the control car door is unblanked.After the user gets on the bus, can on car-mounted terminal GPS display, import ignition code on request, after checking, allow this user's ignition trigger automobile; After the user started automobile, car-mounted terminal sent this car to information center and takies instruction, and made pilot lamp show possession state, finished the convenient ignition trigger action of picking up the car.

When driving, information center through to the car borne GPS navigation map, shows that dynamically the parking stall quantity available of destination and driving parking stall nearby can use situation, so that rent-a-car is stopped on the parking stall with the available parking places data load nearby.

Can selecting after the parking returns the car or keep uses car, and when car was used in reservation, this car pilot lamp continued to show seizure condition, and kept car door unlocking controller and ignition controller data, and pilot lamp shows seizure condition.The user leaves the car certain distance, car door automatic blocking.This user can continue to keep the right to use of this car, when pressing close to car door with mobile phone once more, can open car door once more, can continue the igniting use on the ignition controller after password authentification.When selecting to return the car, or after directly leaving the car certain distance, car door automatic blocking, car-mounted terminal sends this user of this car to information center and occupies command for stopping, and with car door unlocking controller and ignition controller zero clearing, pilot lamp shows dormant state, so that the next bit user uses.

Compare with existing automobile leasing system, the present invention has following outstanding advantage:

1, the inquiry of rent-a-car and to get the operation of rent-a-car also very convenient is got also rent-a-car and can be carried out on each parking stall in city, therefore can realize timely short distance, leases and return rent-a-car whenever and wherever possible.

2, since can be at low cost operating lease automobile whenever and wherever possible, can make the user both enjoy the profit of using automobile, avoid having the fraud of automobile again, avoided using and had the private savings automobile and need pay huge car purchase commodity, garage purchase commodity, cost of upkeep, premium of insurance and parking fee, reduce the recoverable amount of private car significantly, improve the traffic congestion phenomenon.

3, fundamentally improve the problem of city parking difficulty, need not occupy the parking stall owing to enter the car on parking stall, when its shopping was handled affairs, this car was driven away by others, has realized the quick circulation of parking stall.

4, fine far on the way, the midway and closely relation on way of city that solved, in-plant can the solution on foot not only taken exercises but also significantly alleviate the urban traffic pressure, overcomes easily to be accustomed to car, improves physical condition; Operating lease automobile slightly far nearby; Then pass through the transfer of rent-a-car---city bus rapid transit (BRT)---rent-a-car far on the way and solve, do not need whole process to drive, both realized fast moving, reduce transport cost and road occupancy again, improve urban transportation significantly, reduce urban air pollution.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall system view of the embodiment of the invention 1.

Fig. 2 is the process flow diagram of unblanking of the embodiment of the invention 1.

Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of unblanking of the embodiment of the invention 3.

Fig. 4 is the igniting process flow diagram of the embodiment of the invention 1.

Fig. 5 is the process flow diagram of returning the car of the embodiment of the invention 1.

Fig. 6 is the process flow diagram of returning the car of the embodiment of the invention 2.

Embodiment

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

Embodiment 1

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting is provided with:

User: at information center registers user SIMPASS card 12, this blocks data represented user identification number, is combined into one with mobile phone 11, is easy to carry, ignition code (whether distinguish is me) is set, the registration of in information center's database 41, filing of these two data messages.

Rent-a-car 2: be equipped with the electric automobile of a customized type, be convenient to discern from big class in that car is marine; A small amount of member system rent-a-car for personalization, can be equipped with the fuel-engined vehicle of various styles and various brands, but the pilot lamp 22 that shows three kinds of states at least all is set on the car, can shows dormant state, seizure condition and the car door unlocking condition of vehicle, which car of the convenient identification of user can be used; Have car-mounted terminal 20 on the car, comprise GPS/GPRS orientation and communication module 23; Noncontact radio-frequency (RF) identification card reader 21, door lock controller 24 and ignition controller 25 are joined by the car door place, and GPS navigation instrument display is as the interactive operating platform of car-mounted terminal; Have vehicle condition checkout equipment 27, be provided with can with the supporting charging device 26 in parking stall.

Display, vehicle condition checkout equipment 27, charging device 26 and the SIMPASS card reader 21 of car-mounted terminal 20 control pilot lamp 22, door lock controller 24, ignition controller 25, GPS/GPRS orientation and communication module 23.

Information center is provided with database 41, information center's communication device 42 and application processor 43, database 41 prestore noncontact radio-frequency card 12 data of validated user and the ignition code data that match with it; Utilize wireless telecommunications 23 pairs of each cars of GPS/GPRS orientation and communication module by car-mounted terminal 20 to carry out time, position, speed driving real-time data acquisition, be convenient to carry out user's settlement management, the location information data of stand-by rent-a-car 2 be loaded on user's the GPS navigation map of mobile phone 11.

The car borne GPS navigation instrument is furnished with the gyro correcting instrument, to overcome the dead angle, location, improves bearing accuracy, reaches the requirement that information center can judge whether car is parked in the parking stall.

On the parking stall of each sub-parking stall system 3, ground induction coil 31 and electric supply installation 32 are set, a sub-parking stall system is provided with a collection decision circuitry 33 that links to each other with each parking stall ground induction coil 31 and sub-parking stall communication device 34, gather the signal that the sub-parking stall of decision circuitry 33 collections system respectively organizes ground induction coil 31, after treatment the parking stall data available is sent to information center by wired or wireless communication, information center is loaded into each sub-parking stall system available parking places information on the automatic navigator GPS map, so that when driving in time understand the destination and nearby the parking stall can use situation, stop on the parking stall nearby, rent-a-car is farthest extensively distributed.

Rent-a-car 2 is provided with charging device 26, electric supply installation 32 interface kits on the parking stall of the charging inlet of charging device 26 and sub-parking stall system 3; When rent-a-car 2 is sailed the parking stall into, can solve the dynamical problem of rent-a-car 2 from the parking stall to rent-a-car 2 power supplies.

Rent-a-car 2 is provided with vehicle condition pick-up unit 27, car-mounted terminal control vehicle condition pick-up unit 27, and vehicle condition is transferred to information center by GPS/GPRS orientation and communication module 23, be convenient to timely maintaining rent-a-car.

Adopt said system to get the method for the automobile leasing of returning the car, comprise the steps:

When a user wants rent-a-car, can open the GPS navigation map of mobile phone, consult the parking stall situation of stand-by rent-a-car nearby, or directly arrive parking site nearby, which car pilot lamp on the rent-a-car can understand is in dormant state, finds stand-by car to walk close to this car; As Fig. 2, with the close car door of SIMPASS card, card reader detects this SIMPASS card on the car, this card signal is transferred to car-mounted terminal, car-mounted terminal judges whether this car is taken by the people, then these data are sent to information center as unoccupied by communication module, information center is with these data and database user verification of data, judge whether it is validated user, validated user in this way, these user SIMPASS card data and this user's ignition code data are sent to the car-mounted terminal of this car by communication system, car-mounted terminal is given door lock controller with SIMPASS card data, and the data that car-mounted terminal comparison SIMPASS card reader reads and the data of door lock controller are as unanimity, the control door lock is unblanked, and pilot lamp shows unlocking condition (as flicker); Car-mounted terminal is handled the reservation ignition code transmission ignition controller of this user's correspondence this car and is opened car borne GPS navigation instrument display simultaneously, enters igniting password confirming state.As Fig. 4, the user gets on the bus, and by prompting input ignition code, empirical tests is errorless on car-mounted terminal GPS display screen, and car-mounted terminal control opening point ignition control system allows user's ignition trigger; Behind user's ignition trigger automobile, car-mounted terminal has taken instruction with this user of this car and has been sent to information center, and running information is transferred to information center at any time by GPS/GPRS23, and store archive is so that information center manages this user of this car;

The user can see parking stall, destination quantity available and the available parking places situation nearby of driving a vehicle from the GPS navigation system at any time under steam, so that stop on the parking stall nearby;

As Fig. 5, after stopping in the parking stall, do not operate the button of returning the car as the user, car-mounted terminal is provided with this user of acquiescence and holds over this car, get off and leave setpoint distance when the user carries the SIMPASS card, when vehicle-mounted card reader is surveyed less than the SIMPASS card information, car-mounted terminal control car door automatic blocking; Car-mounted terminal is controlled the door lock controller of this car and this user data of reservation of ignition controller.The back obtains this car signal of this CU because information center lights a fire in front, can continue to write down this user time of using cars, and meter is paid the parking stall parking fee.When this user SIMPASS card once more when the car door, the car door auto-unlocking is used car once more after the ignition trigger password authentification, be provided with like this to be convenient to the user and to continue reservation and use car, as the program of returning the car.

Operate the button of returning the car as the user, after confirming to select to return the car, when carrying the SIMPASS card, the user leaves the car door setpoint distance, when the SIMPASS card reader is surveyed less than user SIMPASS card signal, car door automatic blocking, car-mounted terminal stops taking this car instruction with this user and is transferred to information center, finish the lease of this vehicle, car-mounted terminal is with door lock controller and the zero clearing of ignition controller data, pilot lamp shows dormant state, information center should stand-by rent-a-car parking spot data transmission to user mobile phone GPS navigation figure, so that new user uses.Information center uses the car situation according to the user, uses and other fees with fare with the stipulated form deduction.

Stop on non-parking stall, the user also can select to keep with car and return the car, and keeps to keep with car identically with the car operation with stopping on the parking stall, although manager need not collect parking fee to the user, will pay delay penalty by this user as breaking rules and regulations.But select to return the car, car-mounted terminal can be removed this car open the door controller and ignition controller data, makes pilot lamp show dormant state, so that the next bit user uses car.Still bear with the rate before the car the next bit user by the user that this does not reach car the regulation parking stall.Can guarantee that like this rent-a-car can stop on the parking stall as far as possible, realize charging in time.This car parking spot information still has embodiment on user mobile phone GPS, so that new user inquiring.

The city parking position position data is stored into the database of information center, information center is calculated rent-a-car parking spot data and the contrast of parking stall position data by application program, judge whether rent-a-car is parked in the parking stall, is convenient to the vehicle parking situation is managed, and prevents random parking.

After adopting the present invention, when rent-a-car after stopping and return the car in certain parking stall, other users can drive away car immediately, have improved the utilization factor of parking stall, can fundamentally improve the parking difficulty problem.Use band charging and parking stall state detection function shutdown system owing to be provided with in enormous quantities, in the service lease automobile,, promote the universal use of electric automobile for the private savings electric automobile provides the charging service.Urban air-quality be can fundamentally improve, exhaust emission and noise pollution reduced.

Move after this rent-a-car system, people are the operating lease automobile whenever and wherever possible, no longer occupies automobile at non-traffic behavior, improves the utilization factor on parking stall, improves urban transportation, solves the problem of parking difficulty.

Embodiment 2, and as shown in Figure 6, difference from Example 1 is: in the flow process of returning the car, after the parking, do not operate to keep as the user and use car button, car-mounted terminal that this user of acquiescence is set to determine to return the car; When the SIMPASS card leaves the car door setpoint distance, behind the signal of card reader detection less than the SIMPASS card, control car door automatic blocking.Car-mounted terminal makes door lock controller and ignition controller according to zero clearing; Send this user to information center and stop this car and take instruction, the vehicle-state pilot lamp shows dormant state, and this rent-a-car can be accepted new user to the application of swiping the card of opening the door of this car; Being convenient to each switch-off like this can return the car rapidly, as the flow process of returning the car.

Embodiment 3, as shown in Figure 3, difference from Example 1 is: in the flow process of unblanking, information center passes back to these user SIMPASS card data and this user's ignition code data the car-mounted terminal of this car by communication system, car-mounted terminal is given door lock controller with SIMPASS card data, give ignition controller with the reservation ignition code data of this user's correspondence simultaneously, as the flow process of unblanking.

Embodiment 4, information center downloads to all user profile the car-mounted terminal of each rent-a-car, and in time carry out Data Update, guarantee that new user's data can in time arrive each car, to no longer need information center's passback subscriber data when unblanking like this, car-mounted terminal judges automatically whether this user is legal, as legal, the car door auto-unlocking, car-mounted terminal deposits this user's noncontact radio-frequency card data in door lock controller, and ignition code is deposited people's ignition controller, after user's ignition trigger, send this car information of this CU to information center, so that settle accounts and manage.

Above embodiment only is several embodiments of the present invention, so can not limit scope of the invention process with this, rent-a-car of the present invention can be any type of power car, everyly utilize system and method for the present invention to provide many people to share, unmanned, legal member can both be easy to open car door, use vehicle, and can return the method and system of car, and utilize native system and method to guide for other vehicles provide the empty wagons position, be unit, system provides shared vehicle query, the i.e. equivalence of doing according to the present patent application claim and description changes and modifies, and all should still belong in the scope that patent of the present invention contains.

Claims (9)

1. convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting is characterized in that being provided with:
Noncontact radio-frequency card and mobile phone, noncontact radio-frequency card and mobile phone are disposed by the rent-a-car user;
Rent-a-car: rent-a-car is provided with car-mounted terminal, noncontact radio-frequency card card reader, door lock controller and ignition controller, and car-mounted terminal is furnished with GPS/GPRS orientation and communication module;
Information center: information center is provided with information center's communication device, database and apps server, and information center's communication device is used for providing the real time data communication to car-mounted terminal and mobile phone; Database stores user's noncontact radio-frequency card data and ignition code data in advance, and database storing user uses the carfare material, and apps server is loaded on the user mobile phone GPS navigation map after the position signalling of stand-by rent-a-car is handled; When information center's communication device receives the noncontact radio-frequency card data that the rent-a-car car-mounted terminal sends, apps server utilizes database to judge whether this user is validated user, and user's log-on data is passed back to the car-mounted terminal of this rent-a-car; Car-mounted terminal utilizes this Data Control door lock controller and ignition controller, finishes the rent-a-car car door and unblanks, controls this rent-a-car and be in fired state;
After rent-a-car is stopped, after the noncontact radio-frequency card leaves the rent-a-car setpoint distance, when card reader is surveyed less than noncontact radio-frequency card signal, car-mounted terminal control car door automatic blocking.
2. a kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that rent-a-car is provided with the pilot lamp that shows three kinds of states at least, described three kinds of states are that rent-a-car is in dormant state, seizure condition and car door unlocking condition.
3. a kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that also being provided with the parking stall system, the parking stall system is provided with at least 1 sub-parking stall system, per 1 sub-parking stall system is provided with at least 1 parking stall, gather decision circuitry and sub-parking stall communication device, on each parking stall, be provided with ground induction coil and electric supply installation, ground induction coil is connected with collection decision circuitry input end, gather decision circuitry output terminal screw parking stall communication device, gathering decision circuitry is used for gathering and judges on each parking stall of sub-parking stall system whether stop to have automobile, calculate the available parking places data, and the available parking places data-signal is sent to information center's communication device by sub-parking stall communication device; Each sub-parking stall system parking stall data available that the apps server of information center will receive is handled, by the communicator of information center and the orientation and communication module GPS/GPRS of car-mounted terminal, in real time with this data load to the car borne GPS navigation map.
4. a kind of convenient automobile leasing system that returns the car of getting as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described noncontact radio-frequency card is the SIMPASS card, or electronic tag; Described noncontact radio-frequency card and mobile phone are combined into one.
5. convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
1) with the ignition code of user's cell-phone number, noncontact radio-frequency card data and personal set in the registration of filing of information center's database;
2) locating information of rent-a-car is gathered by the orientation and communication module GPS/GPRS that is located at the car-mounted terminal on the rent-a-car by information center, and with on the treated GPS navigation map that is loaded into user mobile phone of the position data of detected each rent-a-car that is in dormant state;
3) as the user with the noncontact radio-frequency card near being in the rent-a-car car door noncontact radio-frequency card card reader place of dormant state, noncontact radio-frequency card card reader reads noncontact radio-frequency card data, and noncontact radio-frequency card data are input to car-mounted terminal, the data of car-mounted terminal detecting gate lock controller, judge whether this car is in seizure condition, as not, then car-mounted terminal is transferred to information center with the orientation and communication module GPS/GPRS of these noncontact radio-frequency card data by car-mounted terminal, carries out next step; In this way, then directly carry out the 5th) step;
4) information center is according to the data of being received, verify by application controller whether the user is legal in database, as legal, information center is long-range to send the ignition code data of user's noncontact radio-frequency card data and personal set to the described car-mounted terminal of step 3), and it is user's noncontact radio-frequency card data that car-mounted terminal is set the door lock controller data of unblanking;
5) at the rent-a-car car-mounted terminal, the data of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader acquisition and the data of door lock controller are compared, when data fit, car-mounted terminal control car door auto-unlocking, car-mounted terminal is set the ignition controller data, and the ignition controller data are the user ignition code data;
6) user imports user ignition code on car-mounted terminal, and car-mounted terminal is with user ignition code and the comparison of ignition controller data, and when meeting, car-mounted terminal allows this user's ignition trigger automobile; After the user started automobile, car-mounted terminal sent this rent-a-car to information center and is instructed by this CU, and controlled vehicle-mounted pilot lamp demonstration seizure condition, finished the convenient igniting action of picking up the car;
7) after rent-a-car is stopped:
Operate the button of returning the car as the user, after confirming to select to return the car, when carrying the noncontact radio-frequency card, the user leaves the car door setpoint distance, behind the signal of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader detection less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, the locking of car-mounted terminal control car door, send this user to information center and stop taking this car instruction, and unblank data and ignition controller data of door lock controller are resetted, describedly be reset to zero clearing or place setting data;
Operate to keep as the user and use the car button, confirm to select to keep with behind the car, when the noncontact radio-frequency card leaves the car door setpoint distance, after vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader was surveyed signal less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, car-mounted terminal control gate locking was locked; Car-mounted terminal control gate lock controller keeps this user's noncontact radio-frequency card data, and same ignition controller keeps the user ignition code data.
6. a kind of convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that in step 1), with the ignition code of user's cell-phone number, noncontact radio-frequency card data and personal set when information center's database files registration, the position data with the parking stall stores information center's database in advance.
7. a kind of convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that in step 4), described car-mounted terminal set door lock controller unblank data for these user's noncontact radio-frequency card data simultaneously, car-mounted terminal is also given this user ignition code data to ignition controller.
8. a kind of convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that in step 7), it is described after rent-a-car is stopped, do not operate the button of returning the car as the user, car-mounted terminal is provided with this user of acquiescence and holds over this rent-a-car, when the noncontact radio-frequency card leaves the car door setpoint distance, after vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader is surveyed signal less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, car-mounted terminal control gate locking lock; Car-mounted terminal makes door lock controller keep this user's noncontact radio-frequency card data, and same ignition controller keeps the user ignition code data; Or
It is described after rent-a-car is stopped, do not operate reservation car button as the user, car-mounted terminal is provided with this user's decision of acquiescence and returns the car, when carrying the noncontact radio-frequency card, the user leaves the car door setpoint distance, behind the signal of vehicle-mounted noncontact radio-frequency card card reader detection less than the noncontact radio-frequency card, the locking of car-mounted terminal control car door, and send this CU command for stopping of this car to information center, and unblank data and ignition controller data of door lock controller are resetted, describedly be reset to zero clearing or place setting data.
9. a kind of convenient automobile leasing method of returning the car of getting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that in step 7), after rent-a-car is stopped, information center is calculated the position data of rent-a-car parking and the position data contrast on parking stall by application program, judges whether rent-a-car is parked in the parking stall.
CN2009101114598A 2009-04-09 2009-04-09 Automobile renting system and method convenient for returning automobile CN101527061B (en)

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