CN102750746A - Parking lot management method and system based on subscriber identity module (SIM)-radio frequency identification (RFID) card in mobile phone - Google Patents

Parking lot management method and system based on subscriber identity module (SIM)-radio frequency identification (RFID) card in mobile phone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102750746A
CN102750746A CN2012102238320A CN201210223832A CN102750746A CN 102750746 A CN102750746 A CN 102750746A CN 2012102238320 A CN2012102238320 A CN 2012102238320A CN 201210223832 A CN201210223832 A CN 201210223832A CN 102750746 A CN102750746 A CN 102750746A
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China
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sim
mobile phone
parking
module
rfid
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CN2012102238320A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102750746B (en
Inventor
姜来
俞航
李琰
纪震
张胜利
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深圳大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a parking lot management method and system based on a subscriber identity module (SIM)-radio frequency identification (RFID) card in a mobile phone. The SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone comprises an RFID module and an SIM module for mobile communication. The method comprises the following steps that: at the entrance of a parking lot, a read-write device reads an identity code from the RFID module through a frequency band of 13.56 MHz and sends the identity code to a central server; the central server identifies the identity code and opens a gate to let an automobile get into the parking lot; after the automobile is parked at a berth, a positioning device sends position information of the berth to the SIM module through a frequency band of 900 MHz and forwards the position information into the RFID module through the SIM module; and when a user needs to take the automobile, a berth guidance device reads the position information in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone and displays the berth on a map in the device. Therefore, the user can conveniently and quickly find the automobile, and the time is saved.

Description

Parking lot management method and system based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card

Technical field

The present invention relates to the parking lot management method and system, relate in particular to a kind of parking lot management method and system based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card.

Background technology

In large parking lots such as market, shopping center, because the space, parking lot is big, reason such as environment and mark are similar, direction is difficult for distinguishing, user easier is got lost in the parking lot, seeks the vehicle less than oneself.Parking lot method commonly used is that the parking stall is numbered at present, and the parking lot is divided into a plurality of sections, and the parking stall that for example is numbered G1050 can represent that this parking stall is positioned at the 1st layer G district, thereby makes things convenient for the user to find vehicle.Nonetheless, the user still bothers when looking for vehicle very much.At first, the user might forget or not note the numbering on parking stall, in case so, and with the extremely difficult vehicle that finds.Secondly, even know the parking stall numbering, neither an easy thing but will in having the parking lot on hundreds of parking stalls, look for this parking stall, often in looking for, can take an unnecessary way or take a roundabout way the time that cost is long.In addition, existing parking lot adopts IC-card to carry out parking management usually, comprises identification and charging etc.The inconvenience that adopts IC-card to manage is that the user is easy to lose IC-card, after this IC-card is lost, is difficult to define vehicle and when gets into the parking lot, and the relation that is difficult to confirm user and vehicle.In addition, adopting IC-card generally is manual toll collection, and efficient is low, therefore is easy to cause in the parking lot in the peak period and blocks up.

Summary of the invention

The technical matters that the present invention will solve is in the parking lot, looking for the difficult defective of vehicle in the prior art a kind of parking lot management method and system based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card to be provided.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card is provided; Said mobile phone SIM-rfid card comprises RFID module and the sim module that is used for mobile communication, and said parking lot management method comprises step:

S100, at the Entrance place, read-write terminal reads the identity code in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone, and sends to central server, as the registration of marching into the arena;

After S200, said central server are discerned said identity code, open a sluice gate to let pass;

S300, said vehicle parking are behind the parking stall, and locating device is sent to sim module with the positional information on the parking stall of vehicle parking, to pass through the sim module unloading to the RFID module; And

S400, when picking up the car, when looking for car, the parking stall guidance device reads the said positional information in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone, and the ground chart display in the guidance device of said parking stall; And

When S500, appearance, read-write equipment reads the identity code in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone, and sends to central server, as the registration that appears on the scene.

In parking lot management method, in step S200, when said central server is discerned after the said identity code beginning meter based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention.

In the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, the said positional information that said parking stall guidance device shows comprises the indication on said map of the map in said parking lot, said parking stall and the route guiding on said parking stall guidance device to said parking stall.

In the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, in step S200, said central server is discerned when stopping meter after the said identity code and is calculated Parking Fee.

In the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, said read-write equipment and said parking stall guidance device carry out data communication with frequency of operation and the said RFID module of 13.56MHz respectively.

In the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, said locating device sends said positional information with the frequency of operation of 900MHz to said sim module.

The present invention also provides a kind of managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card, comprising:

Mobile phone SIM-rfid card comprises RFID module and the sim module that is used for mobile communication;

Read-write equipment is arranged on the outlet and the porch in parking lot, is used for carrying out data interaction to appear on the scene respectively and to march into the arena registration with said RFID module;

Central server, communicating by letter with said read-write equipment is connected to carry out data interaction, is used for confirming Parking Fee; And

Locating device is used for the positional information on the parking stall of said vehicle parking is sent to said sim module, with through said sim module unloading to said RFID module; And

The parking stall guidance device is used for through mutual with said RFID module, on map, shows said positional information.

In the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, said locating device comprises a plurality of pick-up units, and a said pick-up unit is arranged on the place, parking stall of a correspondence.

In the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, said pick-up unit comprises:

Detector is used to detect the vehicle that whether berthed on the corresponding parking stall;

Register is used to store the positional information on said parking stall;

Transmitter is used for carrying out exchanges data with said sim module; And

Controller; Be used for detecting when having berthed vehicle on the said parking stall at said detector; Send the said sim module on said positional information to the said parking stall through said transmitter, and the occupied information in said parking stall is sent to said central server.

In the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to the embodiment of the invention, said locating device sends said positional information with the frequency of operation of 900MHz to said sim module; Said read-write equipment and said parking stall guidance device carry out data communication with frequency of operation and the said RFID module of 13.56MHz respectively.

The beneficial effect that the present invention produces is: in the foundation parking lot management method and system based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card of the present invention; Can receive the parking place of vehicle in the parking lot through mobile phone; And mutual through mobile phone and parking stall guidance device; Thereby on the map of parking stall guidance device, show this positional information, make the user can find vehicle apace; In addition, mobile phone is user's belongings, and therefore this is easy to operate, does not need extra miscellaneous equipment.

Description of drawings

To combine accompanying drawing and embodiment that the present invention is described further below, in the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the logic diagram based on the managing system of car parking of mobile phone SIM-rfid card of the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the process flow diagram based on the parking lot management method of mobile phone SIM-rfid card of the embodiment of the invention.

Embodiment

In order to make the object of the invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer,, the present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explanation the present invention, and be not used in qualification the present invention.

Fig. 1 shows the logic diagram based on the managing system of car parking of mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 according to the embodiment of the invention; As shown in Figure 1, this managing system of car parking comprises mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100, read-write equipment 200, central server 300, locating device 400 and parking stall guidance device 500.Wherein, read-write equipment 200, central server 300, locating device 400 and parking stall guidance device 500 are arranged in the parking lot.Managing system of car parking is used for the vehicle that gets in the parking lot is managed, and wherein has mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 in the user's of vehicle the mobile phone.

Mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 is loaded in the user mobile phone, and the mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 among the present invention is mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 general in the prior art, and those skilled in the art can select suitable mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 for use according to concrete needs.Mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 comprises RFID module and the sim module that is used for mobile communication, can intercom mutually to carry out exchanges data between the two.Wherein, sim module is used to realize the conventional wireless communication function of mobile phone, comprises conversation and SMS or the like.The RFID module is passive or the active RFID module, comprises RFID chip and the RFID antenna that is connected with this RFID chip.Preferably, the frequency of operation of RFID module is 13.56MHz.

Read-write equipment comprises module for reading and writing and read-write antenna, and wherein module for reading and writing comprises suitable logic, circuit and/or interface.Be coupled through read-write antenna and RFID antenna, module for reading and writing can carry out data interaction with the RFID chip, reading of data from the RFID chip for example, and in the RFID chip, write new data etc.

Central server 300 can be positioned at central office or service center.Central server 300 can be PC (PC), also can be commercial server, and the device that similarly has data processing and memory function.Central server 300 receives read-write equipment 200 from the data that mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 reads, and is used for the admission and the registration that appears on the scene, and begins charge and stop charge.

In the parking lot, in order to realize that the vehicle that gets in it is accurately located, locating device 400 comprises a plurality of pick-up units, and a pick-up unit is arranged on the place, parking stall of a correspondence.Each pick-up unit comprises detector, register, transmitter and controller.Wherein, detector can detect the vehicle that whether berthed on the corresponding parking stall, for example is infrared eye.Stored the positional information on this parking stall in the register.Transmitter can carry out exchanges data with sim module, for example sends positional information with the frequency of operation of 900MHz to sim module.Controller detects when having berthed vehicle on the parking stall at detector, through transmitter the positional information in the register is sent to the sim module on the parking stall.In addition, also can the occupied information in parking stall be sent to central server 300, make central server 300 know the occupancy in parking lot, if for example the parking stall is not enough, the vehicle that then will stop to let pass gets into.

Parking stall guidance device 500 comprises suitable logic, interface and/or code, thereby can carry out alternately with the RFID module, reads the wherein positional information of storage from the RFID module.In addition; Parking stall guidance device 500 also comprises display screen; Can the positional information that read be shown on the display screen; To make things convenient for the user to watch, in the present embodiment, the map, parking stall that the positional information that parking stall guidance device 500 shows comprises parking lot indication (for example marking) and route guiding on parking stall guidance device to this parking stall on this map or the like with mark.Make the user in the parking lot, to find this parking stall apace, shortened the time greatly.Preferably, parking stall guidance device 500 carries out data interaction with frequency of operation 13.56MHz and RFID module.

Fig. 2 shows the process flow diagram based on the parking lot management method of mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 according to the embodiment of the invention, will describe this parking lot management method set by step below.

S100, when user's steering vehicle is wanted to get into the parking lot, at first use mobile phone " to swipe the card " at read-write equipment 200 places at Entrance place.Read-write equipment 200 reads the identity code of storing in mobile phone SIM-rfid card 100 (being specially the RFID module) of user, and identity code is sent to central server 300.This identity code is related with cellphone subscriber's personal information, and is for example related with phone number, name, mobile phone wallet number of the account or the like.

After S200, the central server 300 identification identity code, open a sluice gate to let pass, meanwhile, during central server 300 beginning meters.

S300, vehicle parking are after the parking stall, and locating device 400 is sent to sim module (for example sending data with the frequency of operation of 900MHz) with the positional information on the parking stall of vehicle parking, thus through sim module with this positional information unloading to the RFID module.Particularly, when the detector of locating device inspection detects when having berthed vehicle on the parking stall, controller is sent to the sim module on the parking stall with the positional information on this parking stall of storing in the register.

S400, when picking up the car; The user gets into the parking lot once more, and is in order to confirm the parking stall that vehicle berths in the parking lot apace, that mobile phone and parking stall guidance device is mutual; Promptly mutual through RFID module and parking stall guidance device, on the guidance device of parking stall, show above-mentioned positional information.Wherein, the positional information of demonstration map, parking stall indication (for example marking) and route guiding on parking stall guidance device to this parking stall on this map of comprising the parking lot or the like with mark.

S500, when the user prepares to sail out of the parking lot; The read-write equipment 200 that is arranged on the EXIT place reads the identity code of storing in user's the RFID module; And identity code is sent to central server 300, when stopping meter after the central server 300 identification identity code, and calculate Parking Fee.At this moment, can select manual toll collection, also can select to use mobile phone wallet to deduct fees, select mobile phone wallet directly to deduct fees more quick.Deduct fees and open a sluice gate after the success to let pass.

Can find out from above; In the foundation parking lot management method and system based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card of the present invention; Can send the sim module of positional information to mobile phone on the parking stall of vehicle parking, because the thing that mobile phone is carried for the user, so the user can obtain this positional information through mobile phone at any time; And do not need other extra setting, for example can obtain this positional information alternately through mobile phone and parking stall guidance device.In addition, can not re-use each parking lot parking card separately, and use mobile phone SIM-rfid card, therefore can use mobile phone to move wallet and carry out self-help charging, saved the time, thereby avoid the peak period because of traffic congestion in the low parking lot that causes of the efficient of paying the fees.

Should be understood that, concerning those of ordinary skills, can improve or conversion, and all these improvement and conversion all should belong to the protection domain of accompanying claims of the present invention according to above-mentioned explanation.

Claims (10)

1. parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card, said mobile phone SIM-rfid card comprise RFID module and the sim module that is used for mobile communication, it is characterized in that said parking lot management method comprises step:
S100, at the Entrance place, read-write terminal reads the identity code in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone, and sends to central server, as the registration of marching into the arena;
After S200, said central server are discerned said identity code, open a sluice gate to let pass;
S300, said vehicle parking are behind the parking stall, and locating device is sent to sim module with the positional information on the parking stall of vehicle parking, to pass through the sim module unloading to the RFID module; And
S400, when picking up the car, when looking for car, the parking stall guidance device reads the said positional information in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone, and the said positional information of ground chart display in the guidance device of said parking stall; And
When S500, appearance, read-write equipment reads the identity code in the SIM-RFID card in the mobile phone, and sends to central server, as the registration that appears on the scene.
2. the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in step S200, when said central server is discerned after the said identity code beginning meter.
3. the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 1; It is characterized in that the said positional information that said parking stall guidance device shows comprises the indication on said map of the map in said parking lot, said parking stall and the route guiding on said parking stall guidance device to said parking stall.
4. the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in step S200, said central server is discerned when stopping meter after the said identity code and calculated Parking Fee.
5. the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said read-write equipment and said parking stall guidance device carry out data communication with frequency of operation and the said RFID module of 13.56MHz respectively.
6. the parking lot management method based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 1 is characterized in that said locating device sends said positional information with the frequency of operation of 900MHz to said sim module.
7. the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card is characterized in that, comprising:
Mobile phone SIM-rfid card comprises RFID module and the sim module that is used for mobile communication;
Read-write equipment is arranged on the outlet and the porch in parking lot, is used for carrying out data interaction to appear on the scene respectively and to march into the arena registration with said RFID module;
Central server, communicating by letter with said read-write equipment is connected to carry out data interaction, is used for confirming Parking Fee; And
Locating device is used for the positional information on the parking stall of said vehicle parking is sent to said sim module, with through said sim module unloading to said RFID module; And
The parking stall guidance device is used for through mutual with said RFID module, on map, shows said positional information.
8. the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 7 is characterized in that said locating device comprises a plurality of pick-up units, and a said pick-up unit is arranged on the place, parking stall of a correspondence.
9. the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 8 is characterized in that, said pick-up unit comprises:
Detector is used to detect the vehicle that whether berthed on the corresponding parking stall;
Register is used to store the positional information on said parking stall;
Transmitter is used for carrying out exchanges data with said sim module; And
Controller; Be used for detecting when having berthed vehicle on the said parking stall at said detector; Send the said sim module on said positional information to the said parking stall through said transmitter, and the occupied information in said parking stall is sent to said central server.
10. the managing system of car parking based on mobile phone SIM-rfid card according to claim 7 is characterized in that, said locating device sends said positional information with the frequency of operation of 900MHz to said sim module; Said read-write equipment and said parking stall guidance device carry out data communication with frequency of operation and the said RFID module of 13.56MHz respectively.
CN201210223832.0A 2012-07-02 2012-07-02 Parking lot management method and system based on subscriber identity module (SIM)-radio frequency identification (RFID) card in mobile phone CN102750746B (en)

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CN103310494A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-09-18 江苏奇异点网络有限公司 Realization method of parking lot management system
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CN104978772A (en) * 2014-04-14 2015-10-14 武汉无线飞翔科技有限公司 Road parking charging method based on high-precision navigation
CN105046965A (en) * 2014-04-28 2015-11-11 福特全球技术公司 Unauthorized vehicle detection
CN105046965B (en) * 2014-04-28 2019-11-12 福特全球技术公司 The detection of unauthorized vehicle
CN104021598A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-09-03 福州瑞芯微电子有限公司 Vehicle charging method, device and system
CN104157017A (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-11-19 太原市依诺德科技有限公司 Parking charge management method using Internet system
CN104376740A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 生迪光电科技股份有限公司 Parking management devices and parking management system
CN104575080A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-29 苏州立瓷电子技术有限公司 Vehicle locating system of parking lot based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)
CN105160712A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-12-16 广州番禺职业技术学院 Intelligent parking system and method based on internet of things (IOT)
CN104851136A (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-08-19 蒋君伟 Wireless-induction-technology-based charging and fee collection method and system for parking lot
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