CN101204134B - Method for Paphiopedilum water fog cultivation - Google Patents

Method for Paphiopedilum water fog cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101204134B
CN101204134B CN2007100324104A CN200710032410A CN101204134B CN 101204134 B CN101204134 B CN 101204134B CN 2007100324104 A CN2007100324104 A CN 2007100324104A CN 200710032410 A CN200710032410 A CN 200710032410A CN 101204134 B CN101204134 B CN 101204134B
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China
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basin
blue
cultivating
casing
pocket
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CN2007100324104A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101204134A (en
Inventor
刘运权
刘伟
王曼
侯桂根
刘志仲
叶蕙
罗玉容
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华南农业大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses water-mist cultivating method for paphiopedilum, which cultivates paphiopedilum by combining selection of substrate with good air permeability with the water-mist cultivating method. The invention also discloses a device for realizing the water-mist cultivating method. A pot shelf used for placing the paphiopedilum pot is arranged on a cultivating shelf of which the bottom and four sides are sealed and is provided with a spraying and air-supplying facility to regularly ventilate and spray. The method disclosed in the invention can rapidly promote sprout of the paphiopedilum root, reduce dead root and rotten root, simultaneously promote aerial part to grow rapidly and healthily, and dramatically improve survival rate and quality of adult plant. In addition, the invention has low cost of the device and simple operation.

Description

The water fog cultivating method of a kind of pocket orchid
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant growing technology, relate in particular to the cultivation method that is suitable for orchids such as pocket orchid.
Background technology
The pocket orchid has another name called the slippers orchid, it is world-class flowers famous-object that has ornamental value in the orchid, also be to cultivate in the world the earliest and one of the most general cattleya, full genus all is put into the rare and endangered species (Luo Yibo etc. that " wild animals and plants Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) " the I level of honouring an agreement is protected, just discuss protection strategy and the potential resource advantage thereof of Chinese cypripedium, bio-diversity, 2003,11 (6): 491~498); Paphiopedilum armeniacum, Paphiopedilum micranthum and Malipo pocket orchid are " gold drags ", " silver drags " and " jade drags " by good reputation respectively.Wherein paphiopedilum armeniacum is in the world very rare chrysanthemum kind, and being found of it caused the very big concern of global flower gardening circle.
At present, cypripedium is extensively cultivated in all parts of the world.But it is, relatively poor to climate adaptability owing to the depot organ of moisture such as its initial species is special to the habitat requirement, the shortage pseudobulb and nutrition.It is special to cause the pocket orchid to require on cultivation management, and (Luo Yibo etc. just discuss protection strategy and the potential resource advantage thereof of Chinese cypripedium, bio-diversity, 2003,11 (6): 491~498) to be different from other cattleyas.Especially to water and fertilising differs greatly, the cultivation management very complicated is very easy to cause the death of root and rot.So far there is not the blue cultivation management pattern of the comparatively ripe pocket of a cover.The cultivation key of pocket orchid is moisture and the ventilative coordination of root, and all there is the contradiction between gas permeability and the moisture capacity in the substrate culture of adopting at present, resolve this problem, all need a large amount of artificial and meticulous management (Wang Zhen etc., the cypripedium present Research, forest-science, 2006,142 (17): 113-119).
Summary of the invention
The blue cultivation method of pocket that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of new science has solved water conservation and the ventilative conflicting problem of pocket orchid in cultivation, and the pocket orchid can grow new root, well-grown at short notice in a large number.
Another object of the present invention provides the application of described cultivation method, can be applied to the cultivation of cypripedium.
A further object of the invention has provided the device of realizing the blue cultivation method of described pocket, manages simple and conveniently, and equipment cost is lower.
The object of the invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
The water fog cultivating method of a kind of pocket orchid is provided, and the matrix of selection good air permeability and water smoke cultural method are in conjunction with cultivation.
The matrix of described good air permeability is tonkin elm bark and/or blue stone.
Described matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin.
Described water smoke cultural method makes malaria pass through the apopore of blue basin bottom for adopting spraying and ventilating, and after the good matrix of air capacity of soils in the basin, overflows from blue basin surface.
The water fog cultivating method of described pocket orchid may further comprise the steps:
(1), selects suitable cultivation matrix and blue basin according to the plant size;
(2) plant plants;
(3) the basin frame of blue basin is equipped with in the placement of basin frame, neatly is placed on the top of casing, the hole between the sealing basin frame;
(4) spraying and ventilating management;
(5) casing cleaning and water recycles.
The blue water fog cultivating method of pocket of the present invention can be applicable to the cultivation of cypripedium.
The invention provides a kind of device of realizing the water fog cultivating method of described pocket orchid, comprise blue basin, basin frame and cultivating stand, blue basin places in the basin frame, basin is placed on the cultivating stand top, described cultivating stand is a bottom and airtight all around casing, casing is provided with fog-spray nozzle and air outlet, the casing top utilizes the sealing of basin frame, the humid air that spraying and air-supply facility produce enters casing by fog-spray nozzle and air outlet respectively, overflows from blue basin surface by casing top matrix in the apopore of blue basin bottom and blue basin.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
The invention solves the inner aqueous vapor equilibrium problem of the blue cultivation process of pocket mesostroma, the blue root of pocket is under moisture and the air adapt circumstance condition all the time, very favourable to growing of its root, compare with conventional method, have fast and take root, the advantage of plant strain growth stalwartness; Simultaneously, because humid air can only overflow from blue basin surface in the casing, cause that the blue plant overground part of pocket microenvironment air humidity significantly improves, temperature obviously reduces, satisfied it and adapted to the habitat requirement of high humidity, low temperature, the overground part growth also significantly improves, and phenomenons such as blade tip is shrivelled can occur hardly; Cultivation method of the present invention is in implementation process, and the wide accommodation of spraying ventilation time is managed very conveniently, can be used for cypripedium cultivation, has that production equipment is simple, a less investment, output height, reusable characteristics, has good application prospects.
Description of drawings
The ideograph of the used casing of the blue water fog cultivating method of Fig. 1 pocket
Embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1 utilizes a bottom and airtight casing all around as accompanying drawing 1, and casing is provided with fog-spray nozzle and air outlet, determines atomizer and blower fan mouth number according to the size of casing.Top utilizes basin frame and the sealing of blue basin, and when spraying and ventilation, malaria, overflows from blue basin surface after the good matrix of air capacity of soils in the basin by the apopore of blue basin bottom.
Chosen 4~5 climax leaves, the Paphiopedilum micranthum of growth conditions unanimity (Paphiopedilum micranthum) 60 strains are cleaned with clear water, remove downright bad Ye Hegen, measure total radical of blue strain, new radical before planting respectively.Wherein 30 pocket orchids are cultivated according to a conventional method, mix little bark with blue stone, and Lan Shi and little tree skin ratio are 1: 1, plant in the blue basin of 15 centimetres plastics, and matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin.30 blue methods with water fog cultivating of the present invention of pockets in addition are planted in tonkin elm bark according to following step in 15 centimetres the plastics orchid basin.
(1), selects suitable cultivation matrix and blue basin according to the plant size.The bottle outlet seedling should be selected the little basin about 3 centimetres, the matrix about 0.5 centimetre, bark or Lan Shi etc.; Grow up with plant, the size of basin increases gradually, and the size of matrix also increases thereupon.The size of basin, consistent with the selection of conventional cultivation, and matrix generally is greater than conventional cultivation.
(2) plant plants.Consistent with conventional method, put into several bigger matrix at the bottom of being preferably in basin, be beneficial to ventilation, matrix is advisable with 4/5 place that fills blue basin.The selection of basin frame can not be put into to good fully with blue basin, and blue basin and basin frame are combined closely, and avoids wet wind to spill from blue basin edge.
(3) placement of basin frame.The basin frame of blue basin is housed, neatly is placed on the top of casing, must have sealing process, the hole between the basin frame can seal with adhesive plaster.
(4) management.Determine spraying ventilation cycle of every day according to weather, general temperature height, spray time required longlyer when humidity was low, can suitably reduce when low temperature, high humidity.The high-temperature time at noon in summer also can reduce temperature by spraying ventilation.
(5) casing cleaning and water recycles.Effect will be cleaned box house every other month, washes away dirt and carries out disinfection with limewash etc.The spraying redundant moisture can flow into cistern by pipeline, so that reuse, but will avoid limewash to enter, and filter screen is installed is carried out overanxious.
Described cultivation case can be installed in greenhouse, solarium etc.
Conventional cultivation and water fog cultivating all carry out in shading rate is 75% plastic tunnel in the present embodiment.Water fog cultivating ventilation spray time is: 8:00~10:00,18:00~20:00.Cultivation result to two kinds of cultivations after one month compares, and the new radical increment of the blue plant of pocket of cultivating with the water smoke method is that the new root that conventional method is cultivated increases several 25.63 times.
Embodiment 2
Chosen 4~5 climax leaves, the Paphiopedilum micranthum of growth conditions unanimity (Paphiopedilum micranthum) 60 strains are cleaned with clear water, remove downright bad Ye Hegen, measure total radical of blue strain, new radical before planting respectively.Wherein 30 pocket orchids are cultivated according to a conventional method, mix little bark with blue stone, and Lan Shi and little tree skin ratio are 1: 1, plant in the blue basin of 15 centimetres plastics, and matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin.30 blue methods with water fog cultivating of the present invention of pockets in addition, step are with embodiment 1, are planted in tonkin elm bark in 15 centimetres the plastics orchid basin.Conventional cultivation and water fog cultivating all carry out in shading rate is 75% plastic tunnel.The ventilation spray time is: 8:00~10:00,14:00~16:00,18:00~20:00.Cultivation result to two kinds of cultivations after one month compares, and the new radical increment of the blue plant of pocket of cultivating with the water smoke method is that the new root that conventional method is cultivated increases several 28.3 times, and it is average more than 2 to reach every strain.
Embodiment 3
Chosen 4~5 climax leaves, the Paphiopedilum micranthum of growth conditions unanimity (Paphiopedilum micranthum) 60 strains are cleaned with clear water, remove downright bad Ye Hegen, measure total radical of blue strain, new radical before planting respectively.Wherein 30 pocket orchids are cultivated according to a conventional method, mix little bark with blue stone, and Lan Shi and little tree skin ratio are 1: 1, plant in the blue basin of 15 centimetres plastics, and matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin.30 blue methods with water fog cultivating of the present invention of pockets in addition, step are with embodiment 1, are planted in tonkin elm bark in 15 centimetres the plastics orchid basin.Conventional cultivation and water fog cultivating all carry out in shading rate is 75% plastic tunnel.The ventilation spray time is: 8:00~10:00,18:00~20:00,0:00~2:00.Cultivation result to two kinds of cultivations after one month compares, and the new radical increment of the blue plant of pocket of cultivating with the water smoke method is that the new root that conventional method is cultivated increases several 28.5 times, and it is average more than 2 to reach every strain, but little with embodiment 2 differences.
Embodiment 4
Chosen 4~5 climax leaves, Henry pocket orchid (Paphiopedilum henryamum) 60 strains of growth conditions unanimity are cleaned with clear water, remove downright bad Ye Hegen, measure total radical of blue strain, new radical before planting respectively.Wherein 30 pocket orchids are cultivated according to a conventional method, mix little bark with blue stone, and Lan Shi and little tree skin ratio are 1: 1, plant in the blue basin of 15 centimetres plastics, and matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin.30 blue methods with water fog cultivating of the present invention of pockets in addition, step are with embodiment 1, are planted in tonkin elm bark in 15 centimetres the plastics orchid basin.Conventional cultivation and water fog cultivating all carry out in shading rate is 75% plastic tunnel.The ventilation spray time is: 8:00~10:00,18:00~20:00,0:00~2:00.Cultivation result to two kinds of cultivations after one month compares, and the new radical increment of the blue plant of pocket of cultivating with the water smoke method is that the new root that conventional method is cultivated increases several 31.5 times, and it is average more than 2 to reach every strain.
Embodiment 5
Chosen 4~5 climax leaves, (P.yerba buena * P.spicerianum) 60 strains cleans with clear water the little frog of growth conditions unanimity, removes downright bad Ye Hegen, measures total radical of blue strain, new radical before planting respectively with meat pie pocket orchid.Wherein 30 pocket orchids are cultivated according to a conventional method, mix little bark with blue stone, and Lan Shi and little tree skin ratio are 1: 1, plant in the blue basin of 15 centimetres plastics, and matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin.The blue methods with water fog cultivating of the present invention of 30 pockets, step are with embodiment 1, are planted in tonkin elm bark in 15 centimetres the plastics orchid basin.Conventional cultivation and water fog cultivating portion carry out in shading rate is 75% plastic tunnel.The ventilation spray time is: 8:00~10:00,18:00~20:00,0:00~2:00.Cultivation result to two kinds of cultivations after one month compares, and the new radical increment of the blue plant of pocket of cultivating with the water smoke method is that the new root that conventional method is cultivated increases several 34.6 times, and it is average more than 2.3 to reach every strain.

Claims (1)

1. the water fog cultivating method of a pocket orchid is characterized in that it being to carry out in shading rate is 75% plastic tunnel, may further comprise the steps:
(1), selects suitable cultivation matrix and blue basin according to the plant size; Described cultivation matrix is bark and Lan Shi according to 1: 1 ratio; Described matrix is filled to 4/5 place of blue basin;
(2) adopt the blue water fog cultivating device of pocket to carry out planting of plant; The blue water fog cultivating device of described pocket comprises blue basin, basin frame and cultivating stand, and blue basin places in the basin frame, and basin is placed on the cultivating stand top and utilizes basin frame seal case top, and the hole between the basin frame is sealed; Described cultivating stand is a bottom and airtight all around casing, and casing is provided with fog-spray nozzle and air outlet, determines atomizer and blower fan mouth number according to the size of casing;
(3) spraying and ventilating management; The humid air that spraying and air-supply facility produce enters casing by fog-spray nozzle and air outlet respectively, by overflowing from blue basin surface after the good matrix of casing top air capacity of soils in the apopore of blue basin bottom and blue basin, avoids wet wind to spill from blue basin edge;
(4) recycling of casing cleaning and water cleaned box house every other month, and the spraying redundant moisture flows into cistern by pipeline, filters the back and reuses.
CN2007100324104A 2007-12-13 2007-12-13 Method for Paphiopedilum water fog cultivation CN101204134B (en)

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CN102487800B (en) * 2011-12-23 2013-06-05 贵州省农作物品种资源研究所 Artificial cultivation method for wild paphiopedilum hirsutissimum
CN103704114B (en) * 2013-12-17 2015-08-26 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of steam root pad cultivating device and using method thereof
CN104082114B (en) * 2014-07-26 2016-06-22 孙兴富 A kind of water supports orchid cultivation method
CN104429788B (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-06-29 广西壮族自治区农业科学院花卉研究所 A kind of stereo cultivating method of Terrestrial orchid and Fructus Vitis viniferae
CN104429789B (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-06-01 广西壮族自治区农业科学院花卉研究所 The stereo cultivating method of a kind of epiphytic orchid and grape
CN107568049A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-01-12 王永伟 Soilless culture growth of watermelon method
CN109315258A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-02-12 都匀市第四完全小学 A kind of implantation methods of white flower pocket orchid
CN109315257A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-02-12 都匀市第四完全小学 A kind of white flower pocket orchid seedling culture method
CN109463171A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-15 都匀市第四完全小学 A kind of white flower pocket orchid implant system
CN110331094B (en) * 2019-05-15 2020-04-28 镇江汇能达生物工程设备有限公司 Plant cell reactor

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