CN100574630C - Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100574630C
CN100574630C CN200710022599A CN200710022599A CN100574630C CN 100574630 C CN100574630 C CN 100574630C CN 200710022599 A CN200710022599 A CN 200710022599A CN 200710022599 A CN200710022599 A CN 200710022599A CN 100574630 C CN100574630 C CN 100574630C
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powder
low
environment
bait
nutritional labeling
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CN200710022599A
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CN101057635A (en
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王兴强
阎斌伦
曹梅
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淮海工学院
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is characterized in that, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent, basic nutritional labeling 85~95%; Drug ingedient 1~5%; Enzyme preparation composition 3~10%.The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned ecological bait.Ecological bait nutritional labeling of the present invention equilibrium is is easily digested and assimilated, and can strengthen the tolerance of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low to less salt and low temperature, improves the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low survival rate and the speed of growth, reduces and cultures self-pollution, improves the quality of low salinity stocking Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low.

Description

Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of breed bait, particularly a kind of ecological bait that is applicable to the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation.The invention still further relates to the preparation method of this ecological bait.
Background technology
In recent years, because coastal breeding environment worsens day by day, Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low is cultured disease and is frequently broken out; Many scholars think that the low salinity stocking Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low is the epiphytotics a kind of effective ways of control fulminant, effectively utilized the soil of salinization of soil again, thereby low salinity water pond culture Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low comes into vogue in many countries.Yet, in northern China some areas, owing to substitute in occurring in nature season or unsettled there was an abrupt change in weather, often meet with irregular or/and long low temperature, the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low that often the makes breed particularly Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low of low salinity stocking is subjected to rhythmicity or paroxysmal coercing, show as apocleisis, have the fidgets, cast off a skin be obstructed, symptoms such as thin soft, the poor growth of crust, death rate rising; Simultaneously, the reduction of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low quality directly has influence on the sustainable development of economic benefit and breed.The inventor is through experiment discovery repeatedly, and the problems referred to above can well be resolved by the bait approach.Yet, because system is deeply not enough for the work aspect the low salinity of exploitation, autumn and winter Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low bait of research institution and bait producer, the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low bait great majority of raiser's use at present can not satisfy the physiology and the nutritional need of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under low salinity, the autumn and winter cultivation condition, lack a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low that is applicable on the market and hang down the special-purpose bait of salinity, autumn and winter cultivation.And, relying on fully under the breed situation of existing bait, 30~40% of the bait total amount of only throwing something and feeding is used to increase the body weight of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, remainder all enters in the water with the form of excreta, residual bait or ight soil, it is serious to cause culturing self-pollution, and the fertilizer of throwing in the breeding process, disinfectant, antibiotic and other medicines have also increased the weight of the self-pollution of culturing, and become the bottleneck that influences the upgrading of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low salinity stocking.Therefore, develop Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and hang down salinity, autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, the tolerance of less salt and low temperature, the utilization rate that reduces breed self-pollution, shrimp pool or/and leave unused autumn and winter, raising degree of saltiness water waters, the quality that Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low is cultured in improvement etc. are had important application prospects for the Nutrition and Metabolism of controlling and regulate shrimps from the source, enhancing shrimps.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is at the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of new nutritional labeling equilibrium is provided, easily digest and assimilate, can strengthen Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low to the tolerance of less salt and low temperature, improve the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low survival rate and the speed of growth, reduction are cultured self-pollution, improved the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait of the quality of low salinity stocking Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low.
Another technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned ecological bait.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to realize by following technical scheme.The present invention is a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, is characterized in, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 85~95%; Drug ingedient 1~5%;
Enzyme preparation composition 3~10%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 7~14% worm peptide albumen powders 8~12%;
Meat meal tankage 2~5% peanut meals 6~12%;
Expanded soybean 4~8% double lower rapeseed dregs 2~4%;
Fresh fish slurry 4~6% Se-enriched yeasts 0.5~1%;
Brewer's yeast 1~2% cuttlefish cream 0.5~1%;
Mussel powder 0.5~1% South Pole shrimp med 0.5~1%;
Shrimp head powder 6~10% popcorns 4~6%;
Inferior powder 10~20% wholemeals 10~20%;
Sea-tangle powder 1~2% spirulina powder 0.25~0.5%;
Cod oil 1~2% peanut lecithin 0.5~1%;
Oyster shell whiting 3~5% medical stones 1~4%;
Rare earth 1~4% zeolite powder 1~4%;
Crude salt 0.5~2%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 1~5% Radix Isatidis 1~2%;
Red sesame 2~10% cordyceps 15~20%;
Rheum officinale 1~3% garlic oil 8~20%;
Radix Codonopsis 1~2% bark of eucommia 1~2%;
Poria cocos 1~3% Radix Glycyrrhizae 2~6%;
Ginger 8~15% megasses 15~20%;
Rainbow conk 2~10% antibacterial peptides 10~20%;
Bifidobacterium 5~10%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 10~20% AMSs 20~50%;
Papain 10~40% lysozymes 20~40%.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, the percentage by weight of each raw material is,
Basis nutritional labeling 93%; Drug ingedient 2%;
Enzyme preparation composition 5%.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, the percentage by weight of each raw material is in the described basic nutritional labeling,
Russia's fish meal 9% worm peptide albumen powder 9%;
Meat meal tankage 3.5% peanut meal 8%;
Expanded soybean 5.5% double lower rapeseed dreg 3%;
Fresh fish is starched 4.5% Se-enriched yeast 0.8%;
Brewer's yeast 1.5% cuttlefish cream 0.7%;
Mussel powder 0.7% South Pole shrimp med 0.8%;
Shrimp head powder 7.5% popcorn 4.5%;
Inferior powder 12% wholemeal 12%;
Sea-tangle powder 1.5% spirulina powder 0.4%;
Cod oil 1.5% peanut lecithin 0.8%;
Oyster shell whiting 4% medical stone 2.5%;
Rare earth 2.5% zeolite powder 2.5%;
Crude salt 1.3%.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, the percentage by weight of each raw material is in the described drug ingedient,
Asafoetide 3% Radix Isatidis 1.5%;
Red sesame 5% cordyceps 16.5%;
Rheum officinale 2% garlic oil 12%;
Radix Codonopsis 1.5% bark of eucommia 1.5%;
Poria cocos 2% Radix Glycyrrhizae 4%;
Ginger 9% megasse 16.5%;
Rainbow conk 6% antibacterial peptide 12%;
Bifidobacterium 7.5%.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, the percentage by weight of each raw material is in the described enzyme preparation composition,
Cellulase 15% AMS 30%;
Papain 25% lysozyme 30%.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of peanut meal, expanded soybean and double lower rapeseed dreg is 3: 2: 1.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of inferior powder and wholemeal is 1: 1.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of Se-enriched yeast and brewer's yeast is 1: 2.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of sea-tangle powder and spirulina powder is 4: 1.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can also further realize by following technical scheme.Above-described ecological bait is characterized in, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of shrimp head powder and oyster shell whiting is 2: 1.
Bait of the present invention can adopt following method to make: at first drug ingedient, enzyme preparation composition are made the core additive in advance; soybean, corn are carried out expanding treatment; prepare burden, mix, pulverize, insert soft granular bait for fish comminutor according to formula rate then and carry out granulation; inserting low temperature drying equipment (below 55 ℃) again is dried to water content and is lower than 10%; last vacuum packaging, quality inspection, finished product warehouse-in promptly get the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait.The bait that adopts this method to produce, active ingredients such as various medicines, enzyme preparation, basic nutrition can not be damaged owing to the influence of high temperature, can satisfy the whole nutrition physiology needs under the low salinity of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, the autumn and winter cultivation condition.
The main nutrient composition of bait of the present invention (dry weight) is: crude protein: 18~27%; Crude fat: 7~11%; Carbohydrate: 30~60%; Crude fibre: 7~12%; Ash content: 10~22%.This finished product does not add any anticorrisive agent, stores and does not see more than five months that mildew phenomena is arranged.2006 years of inventor are done the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low culture experiment in Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low plants such as Hai Tou town, Ganyu County, Jiangsu and Lianyun District slab bridge towns with bait of the present invention, the result shows, survival rate improves more than 35%, and body weight improves more than 27%, and feed coefficient reduces more than 23%.
Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait of the present invention is according to the nutrition physiology Demand Design of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under specific cultivating conditions such as less salt low temperature, have the nutritional labeling equilibrium, easily digest and assimilate, can strengthen Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low to the tolerance of less salt and low temperature, improve the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low survival rate and the speed of growth, reduction are cultured self-pollution, improved the characteristics such as quality of low salinity stocking Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, main purpose is to cater to new aquaculture model, has fundamentally solved the problem of existence at present low salinity, Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low breed autumn and winter.The necessary multivitamin of bait, mineral matter, amino acid, aliphatic acid and immunopotentiating agent, the main employing replenished solution from raw material itself.
(1) this bait is according to the nutrition physiology demand of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under specific cultivating conditions such as less salt, low temperature, 44 kinds of natural materials of choose reasonable, make full use of the regulating action of bait and Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low itself, nutrition arrangement is reasonable, does not contain any danger and prohibits additive, thereby reduced Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low to antibiotic dependence, the bait drug residue is zero, the delicious meat of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, small investment, income is high.
(2) this bait has added three kinds of zeolite powders that contain necessary macroelement of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and trace element; USING NATURAL MINERAL ADDITIVE such as medical stone and rare earth; can reduce the addition of trace element in bait; alleviate the aquatic livestock trace element and drain pollution on the environment; and these mineral have unique microstructure; exterior appearance and charged character; to heavy metal ion and nitrogen; phosphorus etc. have suction-operated; harmful substance in energy adsorbed water body and the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low body; reduce to culture and pollute; improve the quality of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low greatly, helped Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low product safety and environmental protection.
(3) this bait has added immunopotentiating agent and probioticses such as Se-enriched yeast, lysozyme, asafoetide, Radix Isatidis, red sesame, cordyceps, rheum officinale, garlic oil, Radix Codonopsis, the bark of eucommia, Poria cocos, Radix Glycyrrhizae, ginger, megasse, rainbow conk, antibacterial peptide and Bifidobacterium, the killing action that various bacteria, virus is had broad spectrum activity, can also significantly improve simultaneously Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low immunity and to the tolerance of less salt, low temperature, both had natural food calling effect, can promote growth again, long-term use can reach the effect of prophyiaxis and promoting growth, remedies the deficiencies in the prior art.
(4) the used raw material of this bait is easy to get, production technology is simple, steady quality, balanced nutritional labeling can be provided, good palatability is is easily digested and assimilated, bait conversion ratio height, thereby solved the artitificial food problem of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under specific cultivating conditions such as less salt, low temperature effectively, but large-scale application is in the breeding production of low salinity, autumn and winter Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1.A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 93%; Drug ingedient 2%;
Enzyme preparation composition 5%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 9% worm peptide albumen powder 9%;
Meat meal tankage 3.5% peanut meal 8%;
Expanded soybean 5.5% double lower rapeseed dreg 3%;
Fresh fish is starched 4.5% Se-enriched yeast 0.8%;
Brewer's yeast 1.5% cuttlefish cream 0.7%;
Mussel powder 0.7% South Pole shrimp med 0.8%;
Shrimp head powder 7.5% popcorn 4.5%;
Inferior powder 12% wholemeal 12%;
Sea-tangle powder 1.5% spirulina powder 0.4%;
Cod oil 1.5% peanut lecithin 0.8%;
Oyster shell whiting 4% medical stone 2.5%;
Rare earth 2. 5% zeolite powders 2.5%;
Crude salt 1.3%.
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 3% Radix Isatidis 1.5%;
Red sesame 5% cordyceps 16.5%;
Rheum officinale 2% garlic oil 12%;
Radix Codonopsis 1.5% bark of eucommia 1.5%;
Poria cocos 2% Radix Glycyrrhizae 4%;
Ginger 9% megasse 16.5%;
Rainbow conk 6% antibacterial peptide 12%;
Bifidobacterium 7.5%.
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 15% AMS 30%;
Papain 25% lysozyme 30%.
It can be by conventional method preparation of the prior art; also can prepare by the following method: at first drug ingedient, enzyme preparation composition are made the core additive in advance; soybean, corn are carried out expanding treatment; prepare burden, mix, pulverize, insert soft granular bait for fish comminutor according to formula rate then and carry out granulation; the low temperature drying equipment below 55 ℃ of inserting again is dried to water content and is lower than 10%; last vacuum packaging, quality inspection, finished product warehouse-in, promptly.
Embodiment 2.A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 85%; Drug ingedient 5%;
Enzyme preparation composition 10%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 7% worm peptide albumen powder 12%;
Meat meal tankage 2% peanut meal 12%;
Expanded soybean 4% double lower rapeseed dreg 4%;
Fresh fish is starched 4% Se-enriched yeast 1%;
Brewer's yeast 1% cuttlefish cream 1%;
Mussel powder 0.5% South Pole shrimp med 1%;
Shrimp head powder 6% popcorn 6%;
Inferior powder 10% wholemeal 12.5%;
Sea-tangle powder 1% spirulina powder 0.5%;
Cod oil 1% peanut lecithin 1%;
Oyster shell whiting 3% medical stone 4%;
Rare earth 1% zeolite powder 4%;
Crude salt 0.5%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 1% Radix Isatidis 2%;
Red sesame 2% cordyceps 20%;
Rheum officinale 1% garlic oil 20%;
Radix Codonopsis 1% bark of eucommia 2%;
Poria cocos 1% Radix Glycyrrhizae 6%;
Ginger 8% megasse 15%;
Rainbow conk 2% antibacterial peptide 14%;
Bifidobacterium 5%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 10% AMS 50%;
Papain 10% lysozyme 30%.
Its preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3.A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 95%; Drug ingedient 2%;
Enzyme preparation composition 3%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 10% worm peptide albumen powder 8%;
Meat meal tankage 5% peanut meal 6%;
Expanded soybean 8% double lower rapeseed dreg 2%;
Fresh fish is starched 6% Se-enriched yeast 0.5%;
Brewer's yeast 2% cuttlefish cream 0.5%;
Mussel powder 1% South Pole shrimp med 0.5%;
Shrimp head powder 8.75% popcorn 4%;
Inferior powder 10% wholemeal 10%;
Sea-tangle powder 2% spirulina powder 0.25%;
Cod oil 2% peanut lecithin 0.5%;
Oyster shell whiting 5% medical stone 1%;
Rare earth 4% zeolite powder 1%;
Crude salt 2%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 5% Radix Isatidis 1%;
Red sesame 10% cordyceps 15%;
Rheum officinale 3% garlic oil 8%;
Radix Codonopsis 2% bark of eucommia 1%;
Poria cocos 3% Radix Glycyrrhizae 2%;
Ginger 10% megasse 17%;
Rainbow conk 6% antibacterial peptide 10%;
Bifidobacterium 7%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 20% AMS 20%;
Papain 40% lysozyme 20%.
Its preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4.A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 89%; Drug ingedient 1%;
Enzyme preparation composition 10%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 14% worm peptide albumen powder 9%;
Meat meal tankage 3% peanut meal 8%;
Expanded soybean 5% double lower rapeseed dreg 2.5%;
Fresh fish is starched 4.5% Se-enriched yeast 0.6%;
Brewer's yeast 1.2% cuttlefish cream 0.9%;
Mussel powder 0.6% South Pole shrimp med 0.6%;
Shrimp head powder 7% popcorn 5.5%;
Inferior powder 11% wholemeal 11.2%;
Sea-tangle powder 1.8% spirulina powder 0.3%;
Cod oil 1.2% peanut lecithin 0.6%;
Oyster shell whiting 3.5% medical stone 3%;
Rare earth 2% zeolite powder 2%;
Crude salt 1%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 2% Radix Isatidis 1.2%;
Red sesame 4% cordyceps 16%;
Rheum officinale 1.2% garlic oil 10%;
Radix Codonopsis 1.2% bark of eucommia 1.2%;
Poria cocos 1.6% Radix Glycyrrhizae 3%;
Ginger 10% megasse 20%;
Rainbow conk 3% antibacterial peptide 20%;
Bifidobacterium 5.6%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 12% AMS 35%;
Papain 28% lysozyme 25%.
Its preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5.A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 90%; Drug ingedient 3%;
Enzyme preparation composition 7%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 7% worm peptide albumen powder 8%;
Meat meal tankage 2.5% peanut meal 9%;
Expanded soybean 6% double lower rapeseed dreg 3%;
Fresh fish is starched 4% Se-enriched yeast 0.9%;
Brewer's yeast 1.8% cuttlefish cream 0.6%;
Mussel powder 0.8% South Pole shrimp med 0.9%;
Shrimp head powder 9% popcorn 4%;
Inferior powder 12% wholemeal 12%;
Sea-tangle powder 1.6% spirulina powder 0.4%;
Cod oil 1.4% peanut lecithin 0.8%;
Oyster shell whiting 4.5% medical stone 3.5%;
Rare earth 3% zeolite powder 1.5%;
Crude salt 1.8%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 3.5% Radix Isatidis 1.3%;
Red sesame 2% cordyceps 15%;
Rheum officinale 2.5% garlic oil 8%;
Radix Codonopsis 1.8% bark of eucommia 1.8%;
Poria cocos 2.1% Radix Glycyrrhizae 2%;
Ginger 15% megasse 15%;
Rainbow conk 10% antibacterial peptide 10%;
Bifidobacterium 10%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 18% AMS 25%;
Papain 22% lysozyme 35%.
Its preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6.A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 88%; Drug ingedient 4%;
Enzyme preparation composition 8%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 8% worm peptide albumen powder 11%;
Meat meal tankage 4% peanut meal 12%;
Expanded soybean 8% double lower rapeseed dreg 4%;
Fresh fish is starched 4.65% Se-enriched yeast 0.5%;
Brewer's yeast 1% cuttlefish cream 0.7%;
Mussel powder 0.7% South Pole shrimp med 0.7%;
Shrimp head powder 8% popcorn 4%;
Inferior powder 10% wholemeal 10%;
Sea-tangle powder 1.8% spirulina powder 0.45%;
Cod oil 1% peanut lecithin 0.5%;
Oyster shell whiting 4% medical stone 1.2%;
Rare earth 1.3% zeolite powder 1.8%;
Crude salt 0.7%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 4% Radix Isatidis 1.5%;
Red sesame 8% cordyceps 15%;
Rheum officinale 2% garlic oil 17.5%;
Radix Codonopsis 1.5% bark of eucommia 1.5%;
Poria cocos 2% Radix Glycyrrhizae 5%;
Ginger 10% megasse 15%;
Rainbow conk 2% antibacterial peptide 10%;
Bifidobacterium 5%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 16% AMS 40%;
Papain 24% lysozyme 20%.
Its preparation methods steps is as follows; at first drug ingedient, enzyme preparation composition are made the core additive in advance; soybean, corn are carried out expanding treatment; prepare burden, mix, pulverize, insert soft granular bait for fish comminutor according to formula rate then and carry out granulation; the low temperature drying equipment below 55 ℃ of inserting again is dried to water content and is lower than 10%; last vacuum packaging, quality inspection, finished product warehouse-in, promptly.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait is characterized in that, it is made by following raw materials by weight percent,
Basis nutritional labeling 85~95%; Drug ingedient 1~5%;
Enzyme preparation composition 3~10%;
Described basic nutritional labeling is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Russia's fish meal 7~14% worm peptide albumen powders 8~12%;
Meat meal tankage 2~5% peanut meals 6~12%;
Expanded soybean 4~8% double lower rapeseed dregs 2~4%;
Fresh fish slurry 4~6% Se-enriched yeasts 0.5~1%;
Brewer's yeast 1~2% cuttlefish cream 0.5~1%;
Mussel powder 0.5~1% South Pole shrimp med 0.5~1%;
Shrimp head powder 6~10% popcorns 4~6%;
Inferior powder 10~20% wholemeals 10~20%;
Sea-tangle powder 1~2% spirulina powder 0.25~0.5%;
Cod oil 1~2% peanut lecithin 0.5~1%;
Oyster shell whiting 3~5% medical stones 1~4%;
Rare earth 1~4% zeolite powder 1~4%;
Crude salt 0.5~2%;
Described drug ingedient is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Asafoetide 1~5% Radix Isatidis 1~2%;
Red sesame 2~10% cordyceps 15~20%;
Rheum officinale 1~3% garlic oil 8~20%;
Radix Codonopsis 1~2% bark of eucommia 1~2%;
Poria cocos 1~3% Radix Glycyrrhizae 2~6%;
Ginger 8~15% megasses 15~20%;
Rainbow conk 2~10% antibacterial peptides 10~20%;
Bifidobacterium 5~10%;
Described enzyme preparation composition is made up of following raw materials by weight percent:
Cellulase 10~20% AMSs 20~50%;
Papain 10~40% lysozymes 20~40%.
2, ecological bait according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the percentage by weight of each raw material is,
Basis nutritional labeling 93%; Drug ingedient 2%;
Enzyme preparation composition 5%.
3, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the percentage by weight of each raw material is in the described basic nutritional labeling,
Russia's fish meal 9% worm peptide albumen powder 9%;
Meat meal tankage 3.5% peanut meal 8%;
Expanded soybean 5.5% double lower rapeseed dreg 3%;
Fresh fish is starched 4.5% Se-enriched yeast 0.8%;
Brewer's yeast 1.5% cuttlefish cream 0.7%;
Mussel powder 0.7% South Pole shrimp med 0.8%;
Shrimp head powder 7.5% popcorn 4.5%;
Inferior powder 12% wholemeal 12%;
Sea-tangle powder 1.5% spirulina powder 0.4%;
Cod oil 1.5% peanut lecithin 0.8%;
Oyster shell whiting 4% medical stone 2.5%;
Rare earth 2.5% zeolite powder 2.5%;
Crude salt 1.3%.
4, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the percentage by weight of each raw material is in the described drug ingedient,
Asafoetide 3% Radix Isatidis 1.5%;
Red sesame 5% cordyceps 16.5%;
Rheum officinale 2% garlic oil 12%;
Radix Codonopsis 1.5% bark of eucommia 1.5%;
Poria cocos 2% Radix Glycyrrhizae 4%;
Ginger 9% megasse 16.5%;
Rainbow conk 6% antibacterial peptide 12%;
Bifidobacterium 7.5%.
5, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the percentage by weight of each raw material is in the described enzyme preparation composition,
Cellulase 15% AMS 30%;
Papain 25% lysozyme 30%.
6, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of peanut meal, expanded soybean and double lower rapeseed dreg is 3: 2: 1.
7, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of inferior powder and wholemeal is 1: 1.
8, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of Se-enriched yeast and brewer's yeast is 1: 2.
9, ecological bait according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in the nutritional labeling of raw material basis, the weight proportion of sea-tangle powder and spirulina powder is 4: 1; The weight proportion of shrimp head powder and oyster shell whiting is 2: 1.
10, a kind of preparation method of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait as claimed in claim 1 or 2; it is characterized in that; its step is as follows; at first drug ingedient, enzyme preparation composition are made the core additive in advance; soybean, corn are carried out expanding treatment; prepare burden, mix, pulverize, insert soft granular bait for fish comminutor according to formula rate then and carry out granulation; the low temperature drying equipment below 55 ℃ of inserting again is dried to water content and is lower than 10%; last vacuum packaging, quality inspection, finished product warehouse-in, promptly.
CN200710022599A 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait and preparation method thereof CN100574630C (en)

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