CN100372476C - Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus - Google Patents

Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100372476C
CN100372476C CNB2005100446507A CN200510044650A CN100372476C CN 100372476 C CN100372476 C CN 100372476C CN B2005100446507 A CNB2005100446507 A CN B2005100446507A CN 200510044650 A CN200510044650 A CN 200510044650A CN 100372476 C CN100372476 C CN 100372476C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed
chinese herbal
phagostimulant
attractant
fish
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2005100446507A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1736243A (en
Inventor
张文兵
麦康森
刘付志国
艾庆辉
谭北平
徐玮
马洪明
王小洁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ocean University of China
Original Assignee
Ocean University of China
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ocean University of China filed Critical Ocean University of China
Priority to CNB2005100446507A priority Critical patent/CN100372476C/en
Publication of CN1736243A publication Critical patent/CN1736243A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100372476C publication Critical patent/CN100372476C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a Chinese herbal attractant for paralichthys olivaceus, which is characterized in that the Chinese herbal attractant is composed of the components according to the proportion by weight: 15 to 25% of anisodus tanguticus, 15 to 25% of folium argyi leaf meal, 15 to 25% of Chinese asafetida, 15 to 25% of daghestan sweetclover herb and 15 to 25% of pollen. The present invention has the advantages that the feeding of the paralichthys olivaceus is promoted while the addition of the Chinese herbal attractant only accounts for 0.1 to 0.5 wt% of feed when the Chinese herbal attractant is used as a feed additive in the feed for the paralichthys olivaceus, the feed coefficient is lowered, the growth of the paralichthys olivaceus is promoted, the residual bait is reduced, and the environment is protected. In addition, the Chinese herbal attractant also has the advantages of stable raw material source, low cost and simple processing technique.

Description

A kind of lefteye flounder fish is used the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of additive that can be used for the lefteye flounder feed, particularly relate to a kind of lefteye flounder fish and use the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant.
Background technology
Lefteye flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) belongs to cold warm nature benthic fishes, is commonly called as tooth sheet, step or flatfish.The lefteye flounder growth rapidly, and is individual very large, to the efficiency of feed utilization height.Marketable fish dressing percentage height, the fine and tender taste deliciousness, nutritious, the market value height is liked by consumers in general deeply, is a good highly effective sea-water aquaculture kind.At present, lefteye flounder is one of main marine fish of northern coastal areas such as Shandong, Liaoning, Hebei.Because lefteye flounder is big in southern market sales volume, southern coastal areas such as Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong, also utilize and carry out the breed and the artificial breeding of interim lefteye flounder autumn to spring during the suitable water temperature, place with good conditionsi also utilizes underground sea water and deep sea water to aestivate to carry out culture the whole year, has obtained good economic benefit.
Yet along with developing rapidly of China's culture fishery, protein raw material scarcity of resources such as feedstuff such as fish meal hold at high price, and become an important bottleneck problem of restriction culture fishery.High-quality fish meal is very important to the growth of fishes and shrimps, but because the fish meal rise in price is rapid, output is unstable, quality fluctuation is bigger, therefore seeks to substitute protein sources and just seem imperative.Plant protein source has protein content and compares advantages such as balance, price comparison is reasonable, supply is more stable than higher, amino acid, is the favorable substitutes of fish meal therefore.But, when some aquiculture animals can not utilize fish meal more in vegetable protein, the especially feed to be substituted by plant protein source well.In order to alleviate the disparities between supply and demand of fish meal, a large amount of both at home and abroad experts and scholars have carried out a large amount of long-term and unremitting work on the new feed resource of exploitation, but the result still is unsatisfactory.This wherein greatly reason be that low fish-meal or non-fish-meal have influenced the palatability and the food ration of cultured fishes, thereby influence the speed of growth of fish.
The exploitation of phagostimulant is that low fish-meal of solution or non-fish-meal influence the palatability of cultured fishes and the effective way of food ration problem.The phagostimulant that is applied to aquatic livestock at present mainly comprises some chemical synthesis materials and animals and plants extract, and this class material is the cost height often, is difficult for storage.Chinese herbal medicine has the history in more than 4,000 year as the rarity in the Chinese medicine treasure-house.In aquaculture, Chinese herbal medicine is also being brought into play many-sided effect, and that many Chinese herbal medicines have is antibiotic, suppress the effect of virus, and what have can supplement the nutrients, raising body specificity and non-specific immunity, the reduction incidence of disease.Some Chinese herbal medicine of discovering in recent years also contains food calling growth promoting activity material, can promote aquatic livestock to ingest effectively, promotes fish and digests and assimilates, thereby reduction feed coefficient, reduce aquaculture cost, promote cultivated animals growth and weightening finish, reduce water pollution simultaneously.
Chinese herbal medicine is with low cost, simple and easy to do as phagostimulant, is rich in minerals and vitamins, and has the effect of disease resistance, has shown bigger development and application values in the actual production practice.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of lefteye flounder fish and use the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant, it can promote lefteye flounder to ingest, and improves its grazing rate and growth rate, reduces lefteye flounder production of fodder cost, keeps the sustainable development of lefteye flounder aquaculture.
A kind of lefteye flounder fish is used the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant, it is characterized in that being made up of Tangut Anisodus Radix, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder, asafoetide, daghestan sweetclover herb and pollen, and their percetage by weight scope is respectively: 15-25,15-25,15-25,15-25 and 15-25.
The present invention has following advantage: use in the lefteye flounder feed as feed addictive, addition is only ingested for 1-5 ‰ just obviously promotes lefteye flounder, reduces feed coefficient, promotes growth, reduces residual bait, helps protecting environment.In addition, raw materials used steady sources, cheap, production technology is simple.
The specific embodiment
Take by weighing each 2kg of Tangut Anisodus Radix, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder, asafoetide, daghestan sweetclover herb and pollen respectively, these five kinds of compositions are worn into fine powder (crossing 100 orders), in mixer, mix (requiring the coefficient of variation≤5%) then, be lefteye flounder fish of the present invention and use the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant.
With fish meal, fermented bean dregs, inferior powder is protein sources, and fish oil, soya-bean oil are fat source, adds mineral substance premix, vitamin premix, sodium alginate and antioxidant preparation lefteye flounder feed.Prepared 3 kinds of man-made feeds (seeing table 1 for details) altogether: feed 1# does not add phagostimulant of the present invention as the blank group, and the addition of its fish meal, fermented bean dregs and inferior powder is respectively 35% (percetage by weight, down together), 30% and 16.85%; Feed 2# is a phagostimulant interpolation group, and the addition of its fish meal, fermented bean dregs and inferior powder is respectively 30%, 35% and 16.55%, and lefteye flounder fish of the present invention is 0.3% with the addition of Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant, and the addition of other composition is identical with feed 1#'s; Feed 3# is the phagostimulant control group, and 2# compares with feed, and it is unique is not both and does not add lefteye flounder fish of the present invention and use the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant.Select the same a collection of lefteye flounder of artificial incubation then for use, body is about about 5cm, uses fish as test.After the raising and train of 2 weeks, pick out the lefteye flounder physically fit, that specification is consistent and carry out group experiment.Being divided into is 3 groups, every group establish 3 parallel, each is parallel to be the Glass fibre reinforced plastic tub of 1 300L, puts 40 tails tests in a suitable place to breed and uses fish, throw something and feed respectively 1#, 2# and 3# test feed.Seawater is through sand filtration, with flow velocity exchange, the inflation of 20L/h.By a definite date in 30 days the culture experiment, dissolved oxygen is at 7.4~8.1mg/L, pH8.0~8.2, salinity 30~32,16~19 ℃ of water temperatures.Throw something and feed every day 2 times, throw something and feed, remove residual bait and excreta every day to being satiated with food.Survey its body weight respectively when on-test and end, calculate rate of body weight gain, specific growth rate, grazing rate and feed coefficient respectively.
Table 1: test feed prescription
Composition (%) Feed 1# Feed 2# Feed 3#
Fish meal fermented bean dregs time many ore deposits of powder yeast fish oil soya-bean oil multidimensional lecithin calcium bicarbonate squid viscera powder vitamin C choline sodium alginate anticorrisive agent antioxidant phagostimulant of the present invention ?35 ?30 ?16.85 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2.5 ?2 ?0.2 ?0.8 ?0.5 ?0.1 ?0.05 ?0 ?30 ?35 ?16.55 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2.5 ?2 ?0.2 ?0.8 ?0.5 ?0.1 ?0.05 ?0.3 ?30 ?35 ?16.55 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2 ?2.5 ?2 ?0.2 ?0.8 ?0.5 ?0.1 ?0.05 ?0
The result shows: the rate of body weight gain of 1# and 2# feed is respectively 44.3% and 44.6%; Specific growth rate is respectively 1.3%/d and 1.2%/d; Grazing rate is respectively 19.5% and 19.8%; Feed coefficient is respectively 1.5 and 1.5.From the result of culture experiment, rate of body weight gain, specific growth rate, grazing rate and feed coefficient do not have significant difference between 1# feed and 2# feed.Yet the rate of body weight gain of 3# feed, specific growth rate and grazing rate are respectively 40.1%, 1.0% and 12.3%, all significantly are lower than 1# and 2# feed; And the feed coefficient of 3# feed is 1.8, is significantly higher than 1# and 2# feed.This shows, under the situation of adding phagostimulant of the present invention, reduce by 5% fish meal consumption in the feed, lefteye flounder rate of body weight gain, grazing rate, specific growth rate and feed coefficient are had no adverse effect.And at the fish meal consumption that reduces 5%, do not add again under the situation of phagostimulant of the present invention simultaneously, the rate of body weight gain of lefteye flounder, grazing rate and specific growth rate significantly reduce, and feed coefficient then significantly raises.
On the basis of above-mentioned test, carried out culture experiment again 2 times, the prescription of phagostimulant is respectively: (1) Tangut Anisodus Radix, 1.5kg; Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder, 2.0kg; Asafoetide, 2.5kg; Daghestan sweetclover herb, 2.0kg; Pollen, 2.0kg.(2) Tangut Anisodus Radix, 2.0kg; Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder, 1.5kg; Asafoetide, 2.0kg; Daghestan sweetclover herb, 2.0kg; Pollen, 2.5kg.This culture experiment result of 2 times and primary similar promptly reduces by 5% fish meal consumption under the situation of adding phagostimulant of the present invention in the feed, lefteye flounder rate of body weight gain, grazing rate, specific growth rate and feed coefficient are had no adverse effect.And at the fish meal consumption that reduces 5%, do not add again under the situation of phagostimulant of the present invention simultaneously, the rate of body weight gain of lefteye flounder, grazing rate and specific growth rate significantly reduce, and feed coefficient then significantly raises.
This shows that it is fully feasible that the lefteye flounder fish of minute quantity substitutes 5% fish meal with the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant under experimental condition.

Claims (1)

1. a lefteye flounder fish is used the Chinese herbal medicine phagostimulant, it is characterized in that being made up of Tangut Anisodus Radix, Folium Artemisiae Argyi powder, asafoetide, daghestan sweetclover herb and pollen, and their percetage by weight scope is respectively: 15-25,15-25,15-25,15-25 and 15-25.
CNB2005100446507A 2005-09-02 2005-09-02 Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus Expired - Fee Related CN100372476C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100446507A CN100372476C (en) 2005-09-02 2005-09-02 Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100446507A CN100372476C (en) 2005-09-02 2005-09-02 Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1736243A CN1736243A (en) 2006-02-22
CN100372476C true CN100372476C (en) 2008-03-05

Family

ID=36079346

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2005100446507A Expired - Fee Related CN100372476C (en) 2005-09-02 2005-09-02 Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100372476C (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101912078B (en) * 2010-08-23 2012-05-23 福建省淡水水产研究所 High-efficiency and environmentally-friendly compound feed for paralichthys olivaceus and preparation method thereof
CN102217713B (en) * 2011-06-29 2013-02-13 北京康华远景科技有限公司 Novel efficient and natural attractant
CN104543456A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 青岛无为保温材料有限公司 Paralichthys olivaceus Chinese herbal medicine attractant and preparation method
CN105146140A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-16 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Artificial compound feed for preventing and treating haemorrhage of Japanese flounders
CN105029112A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-11-11 青岛海之源智能技术有限公司 Adult Japanese flounder feed additive and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1101791A (en) * 1994-03-25 1995-04-26 何家庆 Fish bait made of new material and making process thereof
JP2005013138A (en) * 2003-06-27 2005-01-20 Kiyomitsu Kawasaki Method for producing spice flavor

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1101791A (en) * 1994-03-25 1995-04-26 何家庆 Fish bait made of new material and making process thereof
JP2005013138A (en) * 2003-06-27 2005-01-20 Kiyomitsu Kawasaki Method for producing spice flavor

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
诱食剂在水产养殖中的应用研究进展.. 吕进宏等.北京水产.,第1期. 2004 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1736243A (en) 2006-02-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104799124B (en) A kind of colored clam mixed feed
CN100574630C (en) Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low low-salinity autumn and winter cultivation ecological bait and preparation method thereof
CN100334967C (en) Compound phagostimulant for Chinese shrimp
CN104824462B (en) A kind of largemouth bass fingerling mixed feed
CN102524600B (en) Meat quality improver for grass carps and preparation method for meat quality improver
CN101411388B (en) Ecological bait for mixed culture of Litopenaeus vannamei and Portunus trituberculatus and preparation method thereof
CN103202408B (en) Environment-friendly nutritional type compound feed of mullet
CN102835548B (en) Larval macrobrachium rosenbergii micro-pellet feed and preparation method thereof
CN102669467A (en) Compound feed for grass carps and preparation method thereof
CN102630857A (en) Feed suitable for mixed raising mode of grass crap, silver carp and bighead carp on large standard and production method
CN101156650A (en) Ricefield eel scrod swelling particle mixed feed
CN102715375A (en) Feed for grass carps
CN101156652B (en) Ricefield eel adult fish swelling particle mixed feed
CN106616053A (en) Aquaculture feed as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN102742739A (en) Feed formula for odontobutis obscurus
CN100372476C (en) Chinese herbal phagostimulant for paralichthys olivaceus
CN104938857A (en) Compound feed for schizothorax prenanti
CN103783328A (en) Micro-ecological pollution-free compound feed suitable for young ricefield eels, and preparation method of compound feed
CN103931959A (en) Nutrimental, efficient environment-friendly milkfish compound feed
CN103931950B (en) Special abalone sheet feed stuff of a kind of cage and preparation method thereof
CN101156651A (en) Ricefield eel postlarva swelling particle mixed feed
CN103168969B (en) Green, environment-friendly, nutritional and efficient sunfish feed
CN104905033B (en) A kind of largemouth bass fry mixed feed
CN101791070B (en) Feeding attraction and growth promoting agent for medium-growing shrimps and production method thereof
CN104206822A (en) Efficient compound attractant growth promoting additive and preparation and application thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee