CN100542991C - 节能保温砖 - Google Patents

节能保温砖 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100542991C
CN100542991C CNB2007101335905A CN200710133590A CN100542991C CN 100542991 C CN100542991 C CN 100542991C CN B2007101335905 A CNB2007101335905 A CN B2007101335905A CN 200710133590 A CN200710133590 A CN 200710133590A CN 100542991 C CN100542991 C CN 100542991C
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parts
energy
insulating brick
saving
brick
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CN101172831A (zh
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陶祖歧
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Jiangsu Kang Shunding energy-saving insulation Polytron Technologies Inc
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WUXI HUISHAN ENGINEERING INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00034Physico-chemical characteristics of the mixtures
    • C04B2111/00129Extrudable mixtures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

本发明涉及节能保温砖,解决现有建筑墙体节能保温措施施工繁琐、施工周期长、成本高的技术问题。本发明将原材料混合搅拌、挤压成型、养护,所述原材料的重量份比为:硅酸盐水泥230~320份,膨胀珍珠岩35~20份,普砂430~610份,煤渣70~15份,秸秆6~3份,草木灰4~2份,羊毛毡纤维1.6~2份,水97~135份。本发明具有良好的节能保温性能及抗压强度。

Description

节能保温砖
技术领域
本发明涉及建筑物的砖或砌块,尤其是涉及建筑物的保温砖或保温砌块。 背景技术
现有的节能建筑墙体采取的节能保温措施是在普通砌体的外墙面抹一定 厚度的保温砂浆或外挂保温板,普通砌体一般采用实心粘土砖、空心砖、加气 混凝土砌块、和陶粒砼空心砌块等制作而成,上述节能保温做法施工繁琐、施工
周期长、成^:'高,而且墙面易开裂、渗漏,严重影响建筑物的保温效果。 发明内容
本发明针对上述节能保温措施施工繁琐、施工周期长、成本高的技术问题, 提供一种施工简易、施工周期短、成本低的节能保温砖,使用该节能保温砖建 造的墙体,不再需要在外墙面抹保温砂桨或外挂保温板,可以取得良好的节能 保温效果。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明采用如下的技术方案:
节能保温砖,将原材料混合搅拌、挤压成型、养护,所述原材料的重量份
比为:硅酸盐水泥230〜320份,膨胀珍珠岩35〜20份,普砂430〜610份, 煤渣70〜15份,秸秆6〜3份,草木灰4〜2份,羊毛毡纤维1.6〜2份,水97〜 135份。
其进一步的技术方案还可以加入聚苯颗粒2〜0.6份。
上述原材料中:硅酸盐水泥作为胶结料;膨胀珍珠岩、普砂以及煤渣作为 节能保温砖的骨料,其中膨胀珍珠岩质轻,具有良好的保温性能,又作为保温 材料;秸秆、草木灰、聚苯颗粒作为保温材料;羊毛毡纤维作为节能保温砖的 抗裂纤维,又具有保温性能;水作为稀释剂。
本发明的技术效果在于:
1、 本节能保温砖的原材料中,加入草木灰作为保温辅料。草木灰质轻, 而且疏松多孔,具有优良的吸热保温作用。
2、 本节fe保温砖的原材料中还加入羊毛毡纤维,其保温和抗裂作用优良。
3、 本节能保温砖节能保温性能好,用其建造的墙体可免去外墙保温处理,从而大大降低成本,每平方墙面面积节约成本约50元。
4、 本节能保温砖质量轻,表面密度为实心粘土砖的1/2—1/3,用它建造 的墙体与等功能砖混结构墙体相比,对墙体地基的压力小,地基处理费可降低 20°/。,同时便于抗震。
5、 用本节能保温砖建造的墙体平整牢固,无松散颗粒裸露,可直接用于 内外墙、干挂石、面砖等,同时比现在采用的砖混结构墙体加外墙抹保温砂浆 或外挂保温板的做法,施工周期縮短1/3的时间。
6、 采用该节能保温砖的建筑,具有长期有效的保温效果,与砼土砖有同 样的使用寿命。
具体实施方式
本发明按,照以下步骤实施:在常温下,将各种原材料按重量份数比依次投 入JSC500C檣拌机,强力搅拌90秒一120秒;将搅拌物通过物料输送机,微 动流入DQT10(A)液压制砖机的成型模具内,进行压制,工作压力为3MPa, 通过振动再受压,直至保温砖成型;然后进行蒸汽养护13小时一15小时,蒸 汽养护温度为85'C—95X:,使成型保温砖的强度升至设计强度的70%,然后 送入成品堆放场。
实施例1至实施例4的原材料重量份数见表1,单位为千克。
<table>table see original document page 4</column></row> <table>同规格的节能保温砖与市售砌墙体用的陶粒砼空心普通砖的测试结果见下表2,其中抗压强度的检测方法依据GB15229-2002,并采用YE-2000液压 压力机来检测,Mu2.5、 Mu5.0、 Mu7.5、 MulO表示砌块或砖的抗压强度的标 准平均值分别为2.5MPa、 5.0MPa、 7.5MPa、 lOMPa;热阻的检测依据 GB10294-88,用导热系数测定仪以及防护热板法来检测。
从表2中可以看出,同规格的节能保温砖与陶粒砼空心砖相比,其抗压强 度、热阻值有较大幅度的提高。
表2<table>table see original document page 5</column></row> <table>本发明的原材料还可以加入石膏粉、早强剂等成份。 按照建筑物不同部位的不同功能和强度的要求,可将本发明的抗压强度等
级设计为Mu2.5~~Mul5,可以满足用于承重或非承重墙体的要求。
节能保温'砖或砌块规格齐全,包括190系列、140系列、90系列等标准规
格,除此之外,还能根据用户及设计单位要求制作特定尺寸的保温砖。
本发明的砖体为空心砖结构,砖体上的开孔为一端封闭的盲孔,对外防渗
功能强,阻燃性强,并可以提高保温砖或砌块抗压抗剪性能。

Claims (2)

1. 节能保温砖,将原材料混合搅拌、挤压成型、养护,得到节能保温砖成品,其特征在于所述原材料及其重量份比为:硅酸盐水泥230~320份,膨胀珍珠岩35~20份,普砂430~610份,煤渣70~15份,秸秆6~3份,草木灰4~2份,羊毛毡纤维1.6~2份,水97~135份。
2、 节能保温砖,将原材料混合搅拌、挤压成型、养护,得到节能保温砖成 品,其特征在于所述原材料及其重量份比为:硅酸盐水泥230〜320份,膨胀珍 珠岩35〜20份,普砂430〜610份,煤渣70〜15份,秸秆6〜3份,草木灰4〜 2份,羊毛毡纤维1.6〜2份,聚苯颗粒2〜0.6份,水97〜135份。
CNB2007101335905A 2007-09-24 2007-09-24 节能保温砖 Expired - Fee Related CN100542991C (zh)

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Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102452810A (zh) * 2010-10-19 2012-05-16 李伟 秸杆保温砖及其制作工艺
CN102206069B (zh) * 2011-04-25 2012-12-12 无锡市康顺节能材料科技有限公司 一种砌筑免烧保温砖的砂浆
CN103641405B (zh) * 2013-12-19 2016-02-24 张会君 一种墙体保温材料及制备方法
CN105110744A (zh) * 2015-08-07 2015-12-02 安徽省中坤元新型建材有限公司 一种仿木水泥纤维板
CN105198320A (zh) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 安徽芜湖飞琪水泥制品有限公司 米石水泥桩材料组合物和米石水泥桩的制备方法
CN108529959A (zh) * 2017-03-03 2018-09-14 梅开元 节能保温砖的制备方法
CN107056197A (zh) * 2017-03-29 2017-08-18 合肥天沃能源科技有限公司 一种用于公园道路的节能板材及其制备方法
CN107056308A (zh) * 2017-04-06 2017-08-18 合肥欧克斯新型建材有限公司 一种保温砖及其制备方法
CN107216133A (zh) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-29 肥西县碧涛建材有限公司 一种新型节能砖及其加工工艺
CN109422489A (zh) * 2017-08-25 2019-03-05 于银强 一种农业废弃物和纺织品边角料制成建材的工艺方法
CN108129093A (zh) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-08 和县明生环保材料有限责任公司 一种高强轻质绝热保温砖及其制造方法
CN108341652A (zh) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-31 安徽宇力环保科技有限公司 一种珍珠岩保温板及其制备方法
CN108585613A (zh) * 2018-06-22 2018-09-28 陈升 一种液态砖及其制备方法
CN108915104A (zh) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-30 中国冶集团有限公司 利用稻草灰的墙体保温层及其施工方法
CN109503049A (zh) * 2018-11-23 2019-03-22 杨贵香 一种秸秆轻质节能保温砖及其制备方法

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CN1326905A (zh) * 2001-05-18 2001-12-19 吴土良 一种多孔轻质保温砖及制作方法
CN2476599Y (zh) * 2001-03-06 2002-02-13 武斌 复合机质环保不燃砖

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2476599Y (zh) * 2001-03-06 2002-02-13 武斌 复合机质环保不燃砖
CN1326905A (zh) * 2001-05-18 2001-12-19 吴土良 一种多孔轻质保温砖及制作方法

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