WO2022036715A1 - 一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置 - Google Patents

一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置 Download PDF

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WO2022036715A1
WO2022036715A1 PCT/CN2020/110610 CN2020110610W WO2022036715A1 WO 2022036715 A1 WO2022036715 A1 WO 2022036715A1 CN 2020110610 W CN2020110610 W CN 2020110610W WO 2022036715 A1 WO2022036715 A1 WO 2022036715A1
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Prior art keywords
stirring
discharging
heating
telescopic
tank
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PCT/CN2020/110610
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English (en)
French (fr)
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刘伟军
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南京溧水高新创业投资管理有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2020/110610 priority Critical patent/WO2022036715A1/zh
Publication of WO2022036715A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022036715A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/21Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders characterised by their rotating shafts
    • B01F27/2124Shafts with adjustable length, e.g. telescopic shafts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/20Measuring; Control or regulation
    • B01F35/21Measuring
    • B01F35/211Measuring of the operational parameters
    • B01F35/2115Temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/75Discharge mechanisms
    • B01F35/751Discharging by opening a gate, e.g. using discharge paddles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/75Discharge mechanisms
    • B01F35/752Discharge mechanisms with arrangements for converting the mechanism from mixing to discharging, e.g. by either guiding a mixture back into a receptacle or discharging it
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/90Heating or cooling systems
    • B01F35/92Heating or cooling systems for heating the outside of the receptacle, e.g. heated jackets or burners
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/02Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type
    • B29B7/06Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices
    • B29B7/10Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices rotary
    • B29B7/12Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices rotary with single shaft
    • B29B7/16Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type with movable mixing or kneading devices rotary with single shaft with paddles or arms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/02Mixing; Kneading non-continuous, with mechanical mixing or kneading devices, i.e. batch type
    • B29B7/22Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29B7/28Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations for measuring, controlling or regulating, e.g. viscosity control
    • B29B7/286Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations for measuring, controlling or regulating, e.g. viscosity control measuring properties of the mixture, e.g. temperature, density
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/80Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29B7/82Heating or cooling
    • B29B7/823Temperature control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B7/00Mixing; Kneading
    • B29B7/80Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29B7/82Heating or cooling
    • B29B7/826Apparatus therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/90Heating or cooling systems
    • B01F2035/99Heating

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of industrial production, more particularly, to an industrial automatic stirring, heating and discharging device.
  • injection molding also known as injection molding, is a molding method of injection and molding.
  • the advantages of the injection molding method are that the production speed is fast, the efficiency is high, the operation can be automated, there are many varieties of colors, the shape can be from simple to complex, the size can be from large to small, and the size of the product is accurate, the product is easy to replace, and it can be formed into complex shapes. Parts, injection molding is suitable for mass production and complex shape products and other molding processing fields.
  • the completely molten plastic material is stirred by a screw, injected into the mold cavity with high pressure, and cooled and solidified to obtain a molded product.
  • This method is suitable for mass production of complex-shaped parts, and is one of the important processing methods.
  • the injection molding process can be roughly divided into the following 6 stages: mold clamping, glue injection, pressure holding, cooling, mold opening, and product removal.
  • thermosetting plastics and rubber also includes the same process, but the barrel temperature is lower than that of thermoplastics, and the injection pressure is higher. .
  • An injection molding machine has two basic components: the injection unit, which melts and feeds the plastic into the mold, and the clamping unit.
  • the function of the mold clamping device is: 1. The mold is closed under the condition of being subjected to the injection pressure; 2. The product is taken out of the injection device to melt the plastic before it is injected into the mold, and then the melt is injected into the mold by controlling the pressure and speed.
  • screw preplasticizers use a pre-plasticizing screw (first stage) to inject molten plastic into an injection rod (second stage).
  • screw preplasticizers are constant melt mass, high pressure and high speed, and precise shot size control (using mechanical thrust devices at both ends of the piston stroke). These advantages are required for transparent, thin-walled articles and high production rates. Disadvantages include uneven residence time (leading to material degradation), higher equipment costs and maintenance costs.
  • injection molding machines vertical, horizontal, and all-electric, but no matter what kind of injection molding machine, its basic functions are two: (1) heating the plastic to make it melt; (2) applying high pressure to the molten plastic , so that it shoots out and fills the mold cavity.
  • the first step to do is to add the raw material particles into the injection molding machine, but since the injection molding machine is a machine that continuously feeds and produces, how to uniformly feed the injection molding machine is a problem.
  • the method is to manually add materials to the machine in real time, but the labor cost is relatively high and the accuracy is poor, so an automatic feeding equipment is urgently needed to add raw materials to the injection molding machine.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide an industrial automatic stirring, heating and discharging device.
  • the automatic feeding tank can be automatically discharged without manual participation. , which greatly saves human resources and greatly improves the efficiency.
  • an industrial automatic stirring, heating and discharging device including an automatic feeding tank, the top edge of the automatic feeding tank is provided with a feeding port through the opening, so The feeding port is configured to be connected with a feeding pipe, the bottom center of the automatic feeding tank is provided with a discharging port, and the discharging port is extended outward with a discharging pipe; the interior of the automatic feeding tank is equipped with There is a stirring and discharging mechanism.
  • the stirring and discharging mechanism includes a rotating motor, a telescopic stirring shaft, a stirring paddle, a plugging plate and a discharging sensor;
  • the rotating motor is configured with a motor connected to the automatic feeding tank
  • the top plate corresponds to the position directly above the discharge port, the top end of the telescopic stirring shaft is matched and connected with the rotating motor, and the bottom end of the telescopic stirring shaft is fixedly connected to the top center of the plugging plate,
  • the stirring paddles are evenly and vertically connected to the side of the telescopic stirring shaft, the outer diameter of the plugging plate matches the inner diameter of the discharge pipe, and the discharge sensor is configured with the The tank bottom of the automatic feeding tank, the discharge sensor is a pressure sensor.
  • the telescopic stirring shaft is an electric telescopic shaft; when the telescopic stirring shaft is extended, the plugging plate extends into the discharge pipe, and the telescopic stirring shaft extends When the shaft is shortened, the plug plate is separated from the discharge pipe.
  • a control box is arranged on the outside of the stirring and discharging mechanism, and the control box is provided with buttons and a display screen, and the control box is connected with the rotating motor and the telescopic stirring shaft.
  • the discharge sensor is electrically connected, the control box is used to control the rotating motor to start the rotation, and the telescopic stirring shaft telescopic box displays the material pressure at the bottom of the tank.
  • a heating plate is disposed on the inner side of the tank side wall of the automatic feeding tank.
  • the heating plate is uniformly and fixedly laid on the inner side of the side wall of the tank in a cylindrical shape, and an electric heating pipe arranged in a continuous S shape is arranged inside the heating plate.
  • a tube is connected to the control box.
  • the outer side of the tank side wall of the automatic feeding tank is provided with a thermal insulation layer.
  • a temperature sensor is arranged at the bottom end of the telescopic stirring shaft, and the temperature sensor is used in conjunction with the heating plate and connected with the control box.
  • the bottom of the automatic feeding tank is a funnel-shaped bottom plate, and the discharge port is arranged in the center of the bottom of the funnel-shaped bottom plate.
  • the top end of the feed pipe is configured to be connected with a feed cover; the bottom end of the discharge pipe is configured to be connected with a discharge cover.
  • the present invention has the following beneficial effects: the inside of the automatic feeding tank is equipped with a stirring and discharging mechanism, and the stirring and discharging mechanism is used for stirring the plastic raw materials added into the automatic feeding tank, and is also used in the automatic feeding tank.
  • the plugging plate can be accurately inserted into the discharge pipe, and the plugging Due to the size of the mouth plate and the discharge pipe, when the plugging plate is inserted into the discharge pipe, the plastic raw material cannot be discharged through the discharge pipe.
  • the present invention can be used in conjunction with the control box and the stirring and discharging mechanism.
  • the automatic feeding tank can automatically discharge the material, and this process does not require manual participation, which greatly saves human resources and greatly improves the efficiency.
  • Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention
  • Fig. 2 is the heating plate schematic diagram of the present invention
  • an industrial automatic stirring, heating and discharging device includes an automatic feeding tank 1, and a feeding port is provided through the top edge of the automatic feeding tank 1, and the feeding port is configured and connected with a feeding pipe 2 , the feeding pipe 2 set in the feeding port is used by workers to add plastic raw materials to the automatic feeding pipe.
  • the feeding pipe 2 set in the feeding port is used by workers to add plastic raw materials to the automatic feeding pipe.
  • Plastic raw materials are added to the automatic feeding tank 1.
  • a discharge port is opened through the center of the bottom of the automatic feeding tank 1.
  • the discharge port extends outward with a discharge pipe 3.
  • the discharge port and the discharge pipe 3 are used for automatic feeding.
  • the feeding tank 1 mixes a variety of plastic raw materials and discharges the plastic raw materials.
  • the discharge of the discharging pipe 3 also needs to be controlled by the stirring and discharging mechanism 4; the interior of the automatic feeding tank 1 is equipped with a stirring and discharging mechanism. 4.
  • the stirring and discharging mechanism 4 is used to stir the plastic raw materials added to the automatic feeding tank 1, and is also used to complete the discharging mechanism after the stirring and mixing is completed, and because the volume of the automatic feeding tank 1 is large enough,
  • the automatic feeding tank 1 can be used as a storage tank without switching the production line. The staff can add a sufficient amount at one time, and then the automatic feeding tank 1 will automatically work to complete the continuous discharge of the injection molding machine. Feeding work.
  • the stirring and discharging mechanism 4 includes a rotating motor 41, a telescopic stirring shaft 42, a stirring paddle 43, a blocking plate 44 and a discharging sensor 45; the rotating motor 41 is configured with
  • the top plate connected to the automatic feeding tank 1 corresponds to the position directly above the discharge port, the top end of the telescopic stirring shaft 42 is matched with the rotating motor 41, and the bottom end of the telescopic stirring shaft 42 is fixedly connected to the top center of the plugging plate 44.
  • a plurality of stirring paddles 43 are evenly and vertically connected to the side of the telescopic stirring shaft 42.
  • the discharge sensor 45 is a pressure sensor, which can be judged by measuring the pressure it bears. How much is discharged;
  • the plugging plate 44 can be accurately inserted into the discharge pipe 3, and due to the size of the plugging plate 44 and the discharge pipe 3, when the plugging plate 44 is inserted In the discharge pipe 3, the plastic raw material cannot be discharged through the discharge pipe 3.
  • the telescopic stirring shaft 42 is an electric telescopic shaft; when the telescopic stirring shaft 42 is extended, the plug plate 44 extends into the discharge pipe 3, at this time, the discharging is stopped, and the telescopic stirring shaft When 42 is shortened, the blocking plate 44 is separated from the discharge pipe 3, and the discharge pipe 3 is not obstructed at this time, and the material is discharged.
  • a control box 5 is arranged on the outside of the stirring and discharging mechanism 4, and the control box 5 is provided with buttons and a display screen. 42 and the discharge sensor 45 are electrically connected, the control box 5 is used to control the rotary motor 41 to start the rotation, the telescopic stirring shaft 42 shows the material pressure at the bottom of the tank, and the control unit of the present invention when the control box 5 is pressed Control each power-consuming mechanism of the automatic feeding tank 1, and then obtain the status of each power-consuming mechanism through the display screen, so as to facilitate control and management.
  • the heating plate 6 is uniformly and fixedly laid on the inner side of the side wall of the tank in a cylindrical shape.
  • the pipe 61 is connected with the control box 5, and is used to preliminarily heat the plastic of the automatic feeding tank 1, so as to facilitate the melting work of the injection molding in the next step.
  • the outer side of the tank side wall of the automatic feeding tank 1 is provided with a thermal insulation layer, so that less heat is escaped, less waste of resources, and more conducive to practical use.
  • the bottom end of the telescopic stirring shaft 42 is provided with a temperature sensor 7, and the temperature sensor 7 is used in conjunction with the heating plate 6 and connected with the control box 5, so as to facilitate the inspection of the plastic raw materials inside the automatic feeding tank 1. temperature.
  • the bottom of the automatic feeding tank 1 is a funnel-shaped bottom plate, and the discharge port is arranged in the center of the bottom of the funnel-shaped bottom plate to facilitate discharging.
  • the top end of the feed pipe 2 is configured to be connected with a feed cover; the bottom end of the discharge pipe 3 is configured to be connected with a discharge cover, which is convenient for practical use.

Abstract

一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其技术方案要点是包括自动加料罐,所述自动加料罐的顶部边沿贯穿的开设有进料口,所述进料口配置连接有进料管,所述自动加料罐的底部中心贯穿的开设有出料口,所述出料口向外延伸设有出料管;所述自动加料罐的内部配设有搅拌放料机构,所述搅拌放料机构包括旋转电机、伸缩式搅拌轴、搅拌桨、堵口板以及放料感应器;所述伸缩式搅拌轴的顶端与所述旋转电机匹配连接,所述伸缩式搅拌轴底端固定连接于所述堵口板的顶部中央,所述堵口板的外径与所述出料管的内径匹配,能够使得自动加料罐可以自动进行放料,这一过程不需要人工参与,大大节省了人力资源,并且效率也大大提高。

Description

一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置 技术领域
本发明涉及工业生产领域,更具体地说,它涉及一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置。
背景技术
注塑成型又称注射模塑成型,它是一种注射兼模塑的成型方法。注塑成型方法的优点是生产速度快、效率高,操作可实现自动化,花色品种多,形状可以由简到繁,尺寸可以由大到小,而且制品尺寸精确,产品易更新换代,能成形状复杂的制件,注塑成型适用于大量生产与形状复杂产品等成型加工领域。
在一定温度下,通过螺杆搅拌完全熔融的塑料材料,用高压射入模腔,经冷却固化后,得到成型品的方法。该方法适用于形状复杂部件的批量生产,是重要的加工方法之一。
注射成型的过程大致可分为以下6个阶段:合模、射胶、保压、冷却、开模、制品取出。
上述工艺反复进行,就可批量周期性生产出制品。热固性塑料和橡胶的成型也包括同样过程,但料筒温度较热塑性塑料的低,注射压力却较高,模具是加热的,物料注射完毕在模具中需经固化或硫化过程,然后趁热脱膜。
注射模塑机有两个基本部件:用于熔融和把塑料送入模具的注射装置与合模装置。合模装置的作用在于:1、使模具在承受住注射压力情况下闭合;2、将制品取出注射装置在塑料注入模具之前将其熔融,然后控制压力和速度将熔体注入模具。现今采用的注射装置有两种设计:螺杆式预塑化器或双级装置,以及往复式螺杆。螺杆式预塑化器利用预塑化螺杆(第一级)再将熔融塑料注入注料杆(第二级)。
螺杆预塑化器的优点是熔融物质量恒定,高压和高速,以及精确的注射量控制(利用活塞冲程两端的机械止推装置)。这些长处是透明、薄壁制品和高生产速率所需要的。其缺点包括不均匀的停留时间(导致材料降解)、较高的设备费用和维修费用。
最常用的往复式螺杆注射装置不需要柱塞即将塑料熔融并注射。
注塑机的类型有:立式、卧式、全电式,但是无论那种注塑机,其基本功能有两个:(1)加热塑料,使其达到熔化状态;(2)对熔融塑料施加高压,使其射出而充满模具型腔。
现今加工工艺的趋势正朝着高新技术的方向发展,这些技术包括:微型注塑、高填充 复合注塑、水辅注塑、混合使用各种特别注塑成型工艺、泡沫注塑、模具技术、仿真技术等。
在实际的注塑成型加工时,首先要做的步骤是将原料颗粒加入到注塑机中,但是由于注塑机是不断加料并生产的机器,所以如何均匀的向注塑机中加料是一个问题,目前采取的手段是,采用人工实时向机器中加料,但是人工成本比较高,且精度差,所以急需一种可以自动加料的设备来为注塑机添加原料。
发明内容
本发明的目的是提供一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,通过控制盒和搅拌放料机构的配合使用,能够使得自动加料罐可以自动的进行放料,这一过程不需要人工参与,大大的节省了人力资源,并且效率也大大提高。
本发明的上述技术目的是通过以下技术方案得以实现的:一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,包括自动加料罐,所述自动加料罐的顶部边沿贯穿的开设有进料口,所述进料口配置连接有进料管,所述自动加料罐的底部中心贯穿的开设有出料口,所述出料口向外延申设有出料管;所述自动加料罐的内部配设有搅拌放料机构。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述搅拌放料机构包括旋转电机、伸缩式搅拌轴、搅拌桨、堵口板以及放料感应器;所述旋转电机配置连接于所述自动加料罐的顶板对应于所述出料口正上方的位置,所述伸缩式搅拌轴的顶端与所述旋转电机匹配连接,所述伸缩式搅拌轴的底端固定连接于所述堵口板的顶部中央,若干所述搅拌桨均匀的垂直的固定连接于所述伸缩式搅拌轴的侧部,所述堵口板的外径与所述出料管的内径匹配,所述放料感应器配置与所述自动加料罐的罐底部,所述放料感应器为压力传感器。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述伸缩式搅拌轴为电动伸缩轴;所述伸缩式搅拌轴伸长时,所述堵口板伸入所述出料管中,所述伸缩式搅拌轴缩短时,所述堵口板脱离所述出料管。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述搅拌放料机构的外侧配置有控制盒,所述控制盒设有按键和显示屏,所述控制盒与所述旋转电机、所述伸缩式搅拌轴以及所述放料感应器电性连接,所述控制盒用于控制旋转电机启动旋转、伸缩式搅拌轴伸缩盒显示所述罐底部的物料压力。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述自动加料罐的罐侧壁的内侧配置有加热板。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述加热板呈圆柱形均匀固定的铺设在所述罐侧壁的内侧,所述加热板的内部设置有呈连续S形设置的电热管,所述电热管与所述控制盒连 接。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述自动加料罐的罐侧壁的外侧设置有保温层。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述伸缩式搅拌轴的底端配置有温度传感器,所述温度传感器与所述加热板联用并且与所述控制盒连接。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述自动加料罐的罐底部为漏斗形底板,所述出料口设于所述漏斗形底板的底部中央。
作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述进料管的顶端配置连接有进料封盖;所述出料管的底端配置连接有出料封盖。
综上所述,本发明具有以下有益效果:自动加料罐的内部配设有搅拌放料机构,搅拌放料机构是用于将加入到自动加料罐中的塑料原料进行搅拌的,还用于在搅拌混合完成后完成放料的机构,并且由于自动加料罐的体积足够大,可以在产线不切换的情况下,将自动加料罐作为储料罐来使用,工作人员可以一次性加足够用的量,之后便由自动加料罐自动工作,完成持续出料为注塑机加料的工作,由于伸缩式搅拌轴位于出料口的正上方,所以堵口板可以准确的插入在出料管内,并且堵口板和出料管的尺寸原因,当堵口板插入在出料管的时候,塑料原料就不能通过出料管而出料了,本发明通过控制盒和搅拌放料机构的配合使用,能够使得自动加料罐可以自动的进行放料,这一过程不需要人工参与,大大的节省了人力资源,并且效率也大大提高。
附图说明
图1是本发明的结构示意图;
图2是本发明的加热板示意图;
图中:1、自动加料罐;2、进料管;3、出料管;4、搅拌放料机构;41、旋转电机;42、伸缩式搅拌轴;43、搅拌桨;44、堵口板;45、放料感应器;5、控制盒;6、加热板;61、电热管;7、温度传感器。
具体实施方式
以下结合附图对本发明作进一步详细说明。
如图1所示,一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,包括自动加料罐1,自动加料罐1的顶部边沿贯穿的开设有进料口,进料口配置连接有进料管2,进料口中设置的进料管2是用于由工人向自动加料管中添加塑料原料的,当自动加料罐1中的塑料原料耗尽时,便可以通过进料口和进料管2向自动加料罐1中添加塑料原料,自动加料罐1的底部 中心贯穿的开设有出料口,出料口向外延申设有出料管3,出料口和出料管3是用于在自动加料罐1将多种塑料原料混合好后将塑料原料进行排出的口径,出料管3的出料还需要受到搅拌放料机构4的控制;自动加料罐1的内部配设有搅拌放料机构4,搅拌放料机构4是用于将加入到自动加料罐1中的塑料原料进行搅拌的,还用于在搅拌混合完成后完成放料的机构,并且由于自动加料罐1的体积足够大,可以在产线不切换的情况下,将自动加料罐1作为储料罐来使用,工作人员可以一次性加足够用的量,之后便由自动加料罐1自动工作,完成持续出料为注塑机加料的工作。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,如图1所示,搅拌放料机构4包括旋转电机41、伸缩式搅拌轴42、搅拌桨43、堵口板44以及放料感应器45;旋转电机41配置连接于自动加料罐1的顶板对应于出料口正上方的位置,伸缩式搅拌轴42的顶端与旋转电机41匹配连接,伸缩式搅拌轴42的底端固定连接于堵口板44的顶部中央,若干搅拌桨43均匀的垂直的固定连接于伸缩式搅拌轴42的侧部,当伸缩式搅拌轴42旋转时,便能够带动搅拌桨43旋转,从而搅拌塑料原料并使得塑料原料混合均匀;堵口板44的外径与出料管3的内径匹配,放料感应器45配置与自动加料罐1的罐底部,放料感应器45为压力传感器,通过对其所承受压力的测量,从而判断出放料的多少;
由于伸缩式搅拌轴42位于出料口的正上方,所以堵口板44可以准确的插入在出料管3内,并且堵口板44和出料管3的尺寸原因,当堵口板44插入在出料管3的时候,塑料原料就不能通过出料管3而出料了。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,伸缩式搅拌轴42为电动伸缩轴;伸缩式搅拌轴42伸长时,堵口板44伸入出料管3中,此时停止放料,伸缩式搅拌轴42缩短时,堵口板44脱离出料管3,此时出料管3没有阻碍,进行放料。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,如图1所示,搅拌放料机构4的外侧配置有控制盒5,控制盒5设有按键和显示屏,控制盒5与旋转电机41、伸缩式搅拌轴42以及放料感应器45电性连接,控制盒5用于控制旋转电机41启动旋转、伸缩式搅拌轴42伸缩盒显示罐底部的物料压力,控制盒5时本发明的控制单元,可以通过按键对自动加料罐1的各个用电机构进行控制,再通过显示屏来得到各个用电机构的状态,从而更加方便控制管理。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,如图2所示,加热板6呈圆柱形均匀固定的铺设在罐侧壁的内侧,加热板6的内部设置有呈连续S形设置的电热管61,电热管61与控制盒5连接,用于将自动加料罐1的塑料进行初步加热,方便下一步注塑成型的熔融工作。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,自动加料罐1的罐侧壁的外侧设置有保温层,使得逃逸的热量更少,使得资源浪费更少,更加有利于实际使用。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,伸缩式搅拌轴42的底端配置有温度传感器7,温度传感器7与加热板6联用并且与控制盒5连接,方便查看自动加料罐1内部的塑料原料的温度。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,如图1所示,自动加料罐1的罐底部为漏斗形底板,出料口设于漏斗形底板的底部中央,方便放料。
作为本发明的一个具体实施方式,进料管2的顶端配置连接有进料封盖;出料管3的底端配置连接有出料封盖,便于实际使用。
以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,本发明的保护范围并不仅局限于上述实施例,凡属于本发明思路下的技术方案均属于本发明的保护范围。应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理前提下的若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:包括自动加料罐(1),所述自动加料罐(1)的顶部边沿贯穿的开设有进料口,所述进料口配置连接有进料管(2),所述自动加料罐(1)的底部中心贯穿的开设有出料口,所述出料口向外延申设有出料管(3);所述自动加料罐(1)的内部配设有搅拌放料机构(4)。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述搅拌放料机构(4)包括旋转电机(41)、伸缩式搅拌轴(42)、搅拌桨(43)、堵口板(44)以及放料感应器(45);所述旋转电机(41)配置连接于所述自动加料罐(1)的顶板对应于所述出料口正上方的位置,所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)的顶端与所述旋转电机(41)匹配连接,所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)的底端固定连接于所述堵口板(44)的顶部中央,若干所述搅拌桨(43)均匀的垂直的固定连接于所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)的侧部,所述堵口板(44)的外径与所述出料管(3)的内径匹配,所述放料感应器(45)配置与所述自动加料罐(1)的罐底部,所述放料感应器(45)为压力传感器。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)为电动伸缩轴;所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)伸长时,所述堵口板(44)伸入所述出料管(3)中,所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)缩短时,所述堵口板(44)脱离所述出料管(3)。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述搅拌放料机构(4)的外侧配置有控制盒(5),所述控制盒(5)设有按键和显示屏,所述控制盒(5)与所述旋转电机(41)、所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)以及所述放料感应器(45)电性连接,所述控制盒(5)用于控制旋转电机(41)启动旋转、伸缩式搅拌轴(42)伸缩盒显示所述罐底部的物料压力。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述自动加料罐(1)的罐侧壁的内侧配置有加热板(6)。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述加热板(6)呈圆柱形均匀固定的铺设在所述罐侧壁的内侧,所述加热板(6)的内部设置有呈连续S形设置的电热管(61),所述电热管(61)与所述控制盒(5)连接。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特 征是:所述自动加料罐(1)的罐侧壁的外侧设置有保温层。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述伸缩式搅拌轴(42)的底端配置有温度传感器(7),所述温度传感器(7)与所述加热板(6)联用并且与所述控制盒(5)连接。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述自动加料罐(1)的罐底部为漏斗形底板,所述出料口设于所述漏斗形底板的底部中央。
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的一种工业用自动搅拌、加热以及放料装置,其特征是:所述进料管(2)的顶端配置连接有进料封盖;所述出料管(3)的底端配置连接有出料封盖。
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