WO2020037651A1 - Stereo parking device having combined drawing-type moving frame and parking method thereof - Google Patents

Stereo parking device having combined drawing-type moving frame and parking method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020037651A1
WO2020037651A1 PCT/CN2018/102246 CN2018102246W WO2020037651A1 WO 2020037651 A1 WO2020037651 A1 WO 2020037651A1 CN 2018102246 W CN2018102246 W CN 2018102246W WO 2020037651 A1 WO2020037651 A1 WO 2020037651A1
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frame
moving frame
car
fixed frame
moving
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PCT/CN2018/102246
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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梁正奎
代忠法
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梁正奎
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Priority to PCT/CN2018/102246 priority Critical patent/WO2020037651A1/en
Publication of WO2020037651A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020037651A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions

Abstract

Disclosed is a stereo parking device having a combined drawing-type moving frame (2), comprising a fixed frame (1), a moving frame (2), a moving frame driving mechanism (3), an upper-layer carry-board (4) and an upper-layer carry-board lifting mechanism (5); the fixed frame (1) is fixedly mounted in a parking space, guide rails (11) are provided on upper beams of the fixed frame (1), upper beams of the moving frame (2) are connected to the guide rails (11), the moving frame driving mechanism (3) is provided on the moving frame (2) or on the fixed frame (1), the moving frame driving mechanism (3) drives the moving frame (2) to perform a drawing-type movement along the guide rails (11) of the fixed frame (1), the upper-layer carry-board (4) is located below the moving frame (2), the upper-layer carry-board lifting mechanism (5) is further provided above the moving frame (2), and the upper-layer carry-board lifting mechanism (5) drives the upper-layer carry-board (4) to rise or fall; and the fixed frame (1) and the moving frame (2) are arranged transversely or longitudinally. Said device has a simple and reasonable structure layout, a low cost, a high safety and stability, a high land utilization rate, a high parking and picking-up speed, a flexible and variable structure, a wide applicability and a clear parking space property right.

Description

抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备及其泊车方法Pulling combined moving frame stereo parking equipment and parking method thereof 【技术领域】[Technical Field]
本发明涉及一种泊车设备及其泊车方法,尤其涉及一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备及其泊车方法。The present invention relates to a parking device and a parking method thereof, and in particular to a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame and a parking method thereof.
【背景技术】【Background technique】
随着汽车的日益普及,泊车位开始变得越来越紧缺,公共场所很多地方的泊车位长期处于满位状态,有车族外出经常要面临无法找到泊车位的烦恼,目前的立体泊车设备存在如下不足:1、室外的立体泊车设备体积大,占用大量空间,结构复杂,不适合在空间窄小的位置使用;2、还有一些立体泊车设备通过吊臂的形式将地面层的车辆吊拉提升至上层泊车位,力矩大,易损坏电机,重心不稳,易倾倒,安全性低,且还需对地面进行强化处理,成本高;3、还有一些立体泊车设备对地面平整要求度高。With the increasing popularity of cars, parking spaces have become more and more scarce. Parking spaces in many places in public places have been full for a long time. When car owners go out, they often face the trouble of not being able to find parking spaces. The current three-dimensional parking equipment There are the following deficiencies: 1. The outdoor three-dimensional parking equipment is large in size, occupies a lot of space, and has a complicated structure, which is not suitable for use in a small space; 2. Some three-dimensional parking equipment uses the form of a boom to suspend the ground floor. The vehicle is lifted to the upper parking space. The torque is large, the motor is easily damaged, the center of gravity is unstable, it is easy to fall, the safety is low, and the ground needs to be strengthened, which has a high cost. 3. There are some three-dimensional parking equipment on the ground. High leveling requirements.
【发明内容】[Summary of the Invention]
本发明目的在于解决目前的立体泊车设备占用大量空间,结构复杂,安全性低,成本高,对环境要求高的问题,而提供一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备及其泊车方法。The purpose of the present invention is to solve the problems of the current three-dimensional parking equipment occupying a lot of space, complicated structure, low safety, high cost, and high environmental requirements. .
本发明是通过以下技术方案来实现的:一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,包括固定框架、移动框架、移动框架驱动机构、上层载车板、上层载车板升降机构,所述固定框架固定安装在泊车位上,所述固定框架上梁设有导轨,所述移动框架上梁与所述导轨衔接,所述移动框架上或固定框架上设有移动框架驱动机构,所述移动框架驱动机构驱动移动框架沿固定框架的导轨做抽拉式运动,所述上层载车板位于移动框架下部,所述移动框架上还设有上层载车板升降机构,所述上层载车板升降机构驱动上层载车板升降;所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置或纵向布置;所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,泊车位的存取车方向与车长方向一致,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,泊车位的存取车方向与车宽方向一致。The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: a three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame, which includes a fixed frame, a moving frame, a moving frame driving mechanism, an upper-stage car plate, and an upper-stage car plate lifting mechanism, said fixed The frame is fixedly installed on the parking space, the upper beam of the fixed frame is provided with guide rails, the upper beam of the movable frame is engaged with the guide rail, the movable frame driving mechanism is provided on the movable frame or the fixed frame, and the movable frame The driving mechanism drives the moving frame to perform a pull-out movement along the guide rails of the fixed frame. The upper-stage vehicle-carrying plate is located at the lower part of the moving frame. The moving frame is further provided with an upper-stage vehicle-plate lifting mechanism, and the upper-stage vehicle-plate lifting mechanism. Drive the upper car board to move up and down; the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged horizontally or vertically; when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged horizontally, the direction of the parking space for the parking space is consistent with the direction of the vehicle length, and the fixed frame and mobile When the frame is arranged longitudinally, the direction of the parking space for the parking space is the same as the width of the vehicle.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述固定框架包括固定框架立柱、固定框架横梁,所述固定框架设有四根固定框架立柱,车长方向两侧的两根固定框架立柱上分别架设有固定框架横梁,两根固定框架横梁内侧壁 及/或外侧壁上设有导轨;Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged laterally, the fixed frame includes a fixed frame column and a fixed frame beam. The fixed frame is provided with four fixed frame columns, and two fixed frame columns on both sides of the vehicle length direction. Fixed frame beams are respectively arranged on the upper side, and guide rails are provided on the inner side wall and / or the outer side wall of the two fixed frame beams;
所述移动框架包括移动框架立柱、移动框架纵梁、移动框架横梁、导轨轮,所述移动框架前端设有两根移动框架立柱,两根移动框架立柱上部连接有移动框架纵梁,两根移动框架立柱朝固定框架方向分别设有移动框架横梁,两根移动框架横梁外侧壁及/或内侧壁上分别设有若干个导轨轮,两根移动框架横梁分别通过导轨轮与所述固定框架的导轨衔接。The mobile frame includes a mobile frame column, a mobile frame stringer, a mobile frame beam, and a guide wheel. The front end of the mobile frame is provided with two mobile frame columns. The upper part of the two mobile frame columns is connected with the mobile frame stringer. The frame columns are respectively provided with moving frame beams in the direction of the fixed frame, and a plurality of guide wheels are respectively arranged on the outer side wall and / or the inner side wall of the two moving frame beams, and the two moving frame beams are respectively connected to the guide rails of the fixed frame through the guide wheel. Convergence.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述移动框架驱动机构包括移动框架驱动电机固定座、移动框架驱动电机、移动框架传动轴、左上链轮、左下链轮、移动框架左侧驱动链条、移动框架左侧驱动轮,所述移动框架驱动电机固定座安装在移动框架纵梁底部,所述移动框架驱动电机固定座底部设有移动框架驱动电机,所述移动框架驱动电机的输出轴通过换向齿轮与移动框架传动轴连接,所述移动框架传动轴左侧设有左上链轮,所述左下链轮位于左侧移动框架立柱下部外侧壁上,所述左上链轮通过左侧移动框架驱动链条与左下链轮动力连接,所述移动框架左侧驱动轮位于左侧移动框架立柱下部,所述左下链轮与移动框架左侧驱动轮轴连接,所述移动框架传动轴右侧结构与左侧结构相对称。Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged laterally, the moving frame driving mechanism includes a moving frame driving motor fixing seat, a moving frame driving motor, a moving frame transmission shaft, a left upper sprocket, a left lower sprocket, and a left side of the moving frame. The driving chain and the driving wheel on the left side of the moving frame, the moving frame driving motor fixing seat is installed at the bottom of the moving frame longitudinal beam, the moving frame driving motor fixing seat is provided with a moving frame driving motor at the bottom, and the output of the moving frame driving motor is The shaft is connected with the moving frame transmission shaft through a reversing gear. The left side of the moving frame transmission shaft is provided with an upper left sprocket, the lower left sprocket is located on the lower outer side wall of the left moving frame column, and the upper left sprocket is passed through the left side. The mobile frame driving chain is dynamically connected with the lower left sprocket. The left driving wheel of the moving frame is located at the lower part of the left moving frame column. The left lower sprocket is connected with the left driving wheel shaft of the moving frame. Symmetric with the structure on the left.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述上层载车板升降机构包括上层载车板升降电机固定座、上层载车板升降电机、上层载车板升降传动轴、第一链轮、第二链轮、第三链轮、第四链轮、第五链轮、第一链条、第二链条、第三链条,所述上层载车板升降电机固定座安装在移动框架上,所述上层载车板升降电机固定座上设有上层载车板升降电机,所述上层载车板升降电机输出轴上设有第一链轮,所述第二链轮固定在上层载车板升降传动轴上位于第一链轮下方,所述第一链轮通过第一链条与第二链轮动力连接,所述上层载车板升降传动轴左端设有第三链轮,所述第四链轮位于移动框架前端左侧,所述第五链轮位于移动框架尾端左侧,所述第三链轮上绕有第二链条,所述第二链条通过第四链轮连接在上层载车板左前角,所述第四链轮上还绕有第三链条,所述第三链条通过第五链轮连接在上层载车板左后角,所述上层载车板升降传动轴右端结构与左端结构相对称。Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged horizontally, the upper-stage car-board lifting mechanism includes an upper-stage car-board lifting motor fixing seat, an upper-stage car-board lifting motor, an upper-board-car lifting drive shaft, and a first chain. A wheel, a second sprocket, a third sprocket, a fourth sprocket, a fifth sprocket, a first chain, a second chain, and a third chain, and the upper car board lifting motor fixing seat is installed on a moving frame, The upper car-board lifting motor fixing seat is provided with an upper car-board lifting motor, and an output shaft of the upper car-board lifting motor is provided with a first sprocket, and the second sprocket is fixed on the upper car-board. The lifting transmission shaft is located below the first sprocket, and the first sprocket is power-connected to the second sprocket through a first chain. A third sprocket is provided at the left end of the upper drive plate lifting transmission shaft, and the fourth The sprocket is located on the left side of the front end of the moving frame, the fifth sprocket is located on the left side of the rear end of the moving frame, the third sprocket is wound with a second chain, and the second chain is connected to the upper layer by a fourth sprocket Front left corner of the car plate, the fourth sprocket is also A third chain, the chain connected to the upper third of the carrier plate rear left corner of the vehicle by the fifth wheel, the vehicle upper carrier plate elevating shaft structure left and right symmetrical structure.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备还包括上层升降框架、转盘,所述上层升降框架上设有转盘,所述转盘上设有上层载车板,所述上层载车板升降机构连接在上层载车板的链条转为连接在上层升降框架上;所述转盘带有动力,可驱动上层载车板旋转,方 便左右通道泊车。Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged horizontally, the three-dimensional parking device of the pull-combined moving frame further includes an upper lifting frame and a turntable, wherein the upper lifting frame is provided with a turntable, and the turntable is provided with an upper layer. For the car board, the upper car board lifting mechanism is connected to the upper car board chain and connected to the upper car lifting frame; the turntable is powered and can drive the upper car board to rotate, which is convenient for left and right aisle parking.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,所述固定框架包括固定框架立柱、固定框架纵梁,所述固定框架设有四根固定框架立柱,车宽方向两侧的两根固定框架立柱上分别架设有固定框架纵梁,两根固定框架纵梁内侧壁及/或外侧壁上分别设有导轨;Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged longitudinally, the fixed frame includes a fixed frame column and a fixed frame stringer. The fixed frame is provided with four fixed frame columns, and two fixed frames on both sides of the vehicle width direction. Fixed pillar longitudinal beams are respectively mounted on the upright columns, and guide rails are respectively provided on the inner and / or outer sidewalls of the two fixed framework longitudinal beams;
所述移动框架包括移动框架立柱、移动框架横梁、移动框架纵梁、导轨轮,所述移动框架前端设有两根移动框架立柱,两根移动框架立柱上部连接有移动框架横梁,两根移动框架立柱朝固定框架方向分别设有移动框架纵梁,两根移动框架纵梁外侧壁上及/或内侧壁上分别设有若干个导轨轮,两根移动框架纵梁分别通过导轨轮与所述固定框架的导轨衔接。The mobile frame includes a mobile frame column, a mobile frame beam, a mobile frame stringer, and a guide wheel. The front end of the mobile frame is provided with two mobile frame columns. The upper part of the two mobile frame columns is connected with a mobile frame beam and two mobile frames. The columns are respectively provided with moving frame longitudinal beams in the direction of the fixed frame, and a plurality of guide wheels are respectively arranged on the outer side wall and / or the inner side wall of the two moving frame side members. The rails of the frame engage.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,所述移动框架驱动机构的移动框架驱动电机安装在移动框架横梁底部,其余结构与所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时一致;所述上层载车板升降机构结构与固定框架、移动框架横向布置时一致。Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged longitudinally, the moving frame driving motor of the moving frame driving mechanism is installed at the bottom of the beam of the moving frame, and the rest of the structure is the same as that when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged horizontally; the upper layer The structure of the car board lifting mechanism is consistent with that of the fixed frame and the moving frame when arranged horizontally.
进一步地,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,所述固定框架下部还设有可纵向运动的地面层载车板,所述地面层载车板底部设有驱动轮及若干支撑轮或设有依托地面导轨的驱动轮及若干导轨轮。Further, when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged in a longitudinal direction, a lower layer of the fixed frame is further provided with a ground floor car plate that can be moved longitudinally, and the bottom of the ground layer car plate is provided with a driving wheel and a plurality of supporting wheels or devices. There are driving wheels relying on ground rails and several rail wheels.
一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备的泊车方法,所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,地面泊车位泊车时,汽车可直接通过车长方向进出地面泊车位;上层泊车位使用时,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架从固定框架上沿车长方向移出,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板降落地面,如车长方向可通行车辆,汽车直接从车长方向直接开到上层载车板上,如车长方向不可通行车辆,转盘带动上层载车板转动,汽车从车宽方向开到上层载车板上,转盘带动上层载车板恢复原位,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板上升至指定位置,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架收回至固定框架作为上层泊车位;上层泊车位和地面泊车位车辆驶出时,与前述过程相逆。A parking method of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame. When the fixed frame and the moving frame are horizontally arranged, when the ground parking space is parked, the car can directly enter and exit the ground parking space through the length direction of the vehicle; the upper parking space is used. At this time, the driving mechanism of the moving frame controls the moving frame to move out of the fixed frame along the length of the vehicle. The upper deck lifting mechanism controls the upper deck to fall to the ground. If the vehicle can pass through in the length direction, the car will drive directly from the length to On the upper car plate, if the vehicle is not accessible in the length direction, the turntable drives the upper car plate to rotate, and the car drives from the width direction to the upper car plate. The turn plate drives the upper car plate to return to its original position, and the upper car plate moves up and down. The mechanism controls the upper deck to rise to the designated position, and the mobile frame drive mechanism controls the movable frame to retract to the fixed frame as the upper parking space; when the upper parking space and the ground parking space exit the vehicle, the process is reversed.
一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备的泊车方法,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,地面泊车位泊车时,如车长方向可通行车辆,汽车可直接通过车长方向进出地面层载车板泊车,如车长方向不可通行车辆,地面层载车板纵向移出泊车位,汽车开至地面层载车板上,地面层载车板收回至地面泊车位上;上层泊车位使用时,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架从固定框架上沿车宽方向移出,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板降落地面,汽车直接从车长方向开 至上层载车板上,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板上升至指定位置,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架收回至固定框架作为上层泊车位;上层泊车位和地面泊车位车辆驶出时,与前述过程相逆。A parking method for a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame. When the fixed frame and the moving frame are longitudinally arranged, when parking on the ground parking space, if the vehicle can pass through in the vehicle length direction, the car can directly enter and exit through the vehicle length direction. Car parking on the ground floor, if the vehicle is not accessible in the length direction, the car floor on the ground floor moves out of the parking space longitudinally, the car drives to the car floor on the ground floor, and the car floor on the ground floor retracts to the ground parking space; When the parking space is used, the moving frame driving mechanism controls the moving frame to move out from the fixed frame in the width direction of the vehicle. The upper-layer car plate lifting mechanism controls the upper-layer car plate to fall to the ground. The car drives directly from the direction of the vehicle to the upper-layer car plate. The car plate lifting mechanism controls the upper car plate to rise to the designated position, and the mobile frame driving mechanism controls the mobile frame to retract to the fixed frame as the upper parking space; when the upper parking space and the ground parking space exit the vehicle, the process is reversed.
本发明的有益效果在于:结构布局简单合理,成本较低,安装拆卸难度低;固定框架和移动框架上部全程连接,设备整体重心始终向内,重心稳定,运行过程中不会倾倒侧翻,安全稳定性高;双层泊车位结构,并通过载车板及立柱使泊车更精准畅顺,泊车位占地面积更少,土地利用率高,大幅度增加泊车位数量;存取车执行动作少,流程简单,存取车速度快;结构灵活多变,适用性广,可以横列设置,车库前可实现三个方向存取车辆,也可以密集设置,达到大量密集泊车的目的;上下层泊车位互不影响,车位产权明晰。The beneficial effects of the invention are: simple and reasonable structural layout, low cost, and low installation and removal difficulty; the fixed frame and the upper part of the mobile frame are connected throughout, the overall center of gravity of the device is always inward, the center of gravity is stable, and it will not tip over and roll over during operation, safe High stability; double-deck parking structure, and more accurate and smooth parking through the loading plate and pillars, less parking space, high land utilization, and significantly increasing the number of parking spaces; Fewer, simple processes, fast access to the car; flexible structure, wide applicability, can be set in rows, the car can be accessed in three directions in front of the garage, or can be densely set to achieve the purpose of a large number of dense parking; upper and lower levels The parking spaces do not affect each other, and the property rights of the parking spaces are clear.
【附图说明】[Brief Description of the Drawings]
图1为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备横向布置结构示意图;FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a lateral arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking equipment with a drawing and moving frame of the present invention;
图2为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备横向布置结构示意图;FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a lateral arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking equipment of a drawing combined moving frame according to the present invention; FIG.
图3为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备横向布置结构示意图;FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a lateral arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking equipment of a drawing combined moving frame according to the present invention; FIG.
图4为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备横向布置结构示意图;4 is a schematic diagram of a lateral arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame according to the present invention;
图5为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备横向布置结构示意图;5 is a schematic diagram of a lateral arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing combined moving frame according to the present invention;
图6为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备纵向布置结构示意图;FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a longitudinal arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking equipment of a drawing combined moving frame according to the present invention; FIG.
图7为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备纵向布置结构示意图;FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a longitudinal arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawn combined moving frame according to the present invention; FIG.
图8为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备纵向布置结构示意图;8 is a schematic diagram of a longitudinal arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame of the present invention;
图9为本发明抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备纵向布置结构示意图;9 is a schematic diagram of a longitudinal arrangement structure of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame of the present invention;
附图标记:1、固定框架;11、导轨;12、固定框架立柱;13、固定框架横梁;14、固定框架纵梁;2、移动框架;21、移动框架立柱;22、移动框架纵梁;23、移动框架横梁;24、导轨轮;3、移动框架驱动机构;31、移动框架驱动电机固定座;32、移动框架驱动电机;33、移动框架传动轴;34、左上链轮;35、左下链轮;36、移动框架左侧驱动链条;37、移动框架左侧驱动轮;4、上层载车板;41、上层升降框架;42、转盘;5、上层载车板升降机构;501、上层载车板升降电机固定座;502、上层载车板升降电机;503、上层载车板升降传动轴;504、第一链轮;505、第二链轮;506、第三链轮;507、第四链轮;508、第五链轮;509、第一链条;510、第二链条;511、第三链条;6、地面层载车板。Reference signs: 1. Fixed frame; 11. Guide rail; 12. Fixed frame column; 13. Fixed frame beam; 14. Fixed frame stringer; 2. Moving frame; 21; Moving frame column; 22; Moving frame stringer; 23. Moving frame beams; 24. Guide wheel; 3. Moving frame driving mechanism; 31. Moving frame driving motor fixing base; 32. Moving frame driving motor; 33. Moving frame driving shaft; 34; Upper left sprocket; 35; Lower left Sprockets; 36, left-hand drive chain of moving frame; 37, left-hand drive wheels of moving frame; 4, upper-level car board; 41, upper-level lifting frame; 42, turntable; 5, upper-level car-plate lifting mechanism; 501, upper level Car board lifting motor fixing seat; 502, upper car plate lifting motor; 503, upper car plate lifting drive shaft; 504, first sprocket; 505, second sprocket; 506, third sprocket; 507, The fourth sprocket; 508, the fifth sprocket; 509, the first chain; 510, the second chain; 511, the third chain; 6, the ground-level car board.
【具体实施方式】【detailed description】
下面结合附图及具体实施方式对本发明做进一步描述:The invention is further described below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments:
实施例一:Embodiment one:
如图1、图2、图3、图4、图5、图6、图7、图8、图9所示,一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,包括固定框架1、移动框架2、移动框架驱动机构3、上层载车板4、上层载车板升降机构5,所述固定框架1固定安装在泊车位上,所述固定框架1上梁设有导轨11,所述移动框架2上梁与所述导轨11衔接,所述移动框架2上或固定框架1上设有移动框架驱动机构3,所述移动框架驱动机构3驱动移动框架2沿固定框架1的导轨11做抽拉式运动,所述上层载车板4位于移动框架2下部,所述移动框架2上还设有上层载车板升降机构5,所述上层载车板升降机构5驱动上层载车板4升降;所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置或纵向布置;所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时,泊车位的存取车方向与车长方向一致,所述固定框架1、移动框架2纵向布置时,泊车位的存取车方向与车宽方向一致。As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 4, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, FIG. 7, FIG. 8, and FIG. 9, a pull-pull combined moving frame three-dimensional parking device includes a fixed frame 1, a moving frame 2 , The moving frame driving mechanism 3, the upper car plate 4, the upper car plate lifting mechanism 5, the fixed frame 1 is fixedly installed on a parking space, the upper beam of the fixed frame 1 is provided with a guide rail 11, and the moving frame 2 The upper beam is connected to the guide rail 11. The moving frame 2 or the fixed frame 1 is provided with a moving frame driving mechanism 3, and the moving frame driving mechanism 3 drives the moving frame 2 to pull along the guide rail 11 of the fixed frame 1. Movement, the upper car board 4 is located at the lower part of the moving frame 2, and the mobile car 2 is further provided with an upper car board lifting mechanism 5, which drives the upper car board 4 to move up and down; The fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged horizontally or vertically; when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged horizontally, the direction of the parking space for the parking space is consistent with the vehicle length direction, and the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are longitudinal When arranging, the access direction of the parking space is the same as the width direction .
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时,所述固定框架1包括固定框架立柱12、固定框架横梁13,所述固定框架1设有四根固定框架立柱12,车长方向两侧的两根固定框架立柱12上分别架设有固定框架横梁13,两根固定框架横梁13内侧壁及/或外侧壁上设有导轨11;Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged laterally, the fixed frame 1 includes a fixed frame column 12 and a fixed frame beam 13. The fixed frame 1 is provided with four fixed frame columns 12 and two in the vehicle length direction. The two fixed frame columns 12 on the side are respectively provided with a fixed frame beam 13, and the inner wall and / or the outer wall of the two fixed frame beams 13 are provided with guide rails 11;
所述移动框架2包括移动框架立柱21、移动框架纵梁22、移动框架横梁23、导轨轮24,所述移动框架2前端设有两根移动框架立柱21,两根移动框架立柱21上部连接有移动框架纵梁22,两根移动框架立柱21朝固定框架1方向分别设有移动框架横梁23,两根移动框架横梁23外侧壁及/或内侧壁上分别设有若干个导轨轮24,两根移动框架横梁23分别通过导轨轮24与所述固定框架1的导轨11衔接。The mobile frame 2 includes a mobile frame column 21, a mobile frame longitudinal beam 22, a mobile frame beam 23, and a guide wheel 24. The front end of the mobile frame 2 is provided with two mobile frame columns 21, and the upper portions of the two mobile frame columns 21 are connected to each other. Moving frame longitudinal beams 22, two moving frame columns 21 are respectively provided with moving frame beams 23 in the direction of the fixed frame 1, two moving frame beams 23 are provided with a plurality of guide wheels 24 on the outer side wall and / or the inner side wall, respectively The moving frame beams 23 are respectively connected to the guide rails 11 of the fixed frame 1 through guide wheel 24.
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时,所述移动框架驱动机构3包括移动框架驱动电机固定座31、移动框架驱动电机32、移动框架传动轴33、左上链轮34、左下链轮35、移动框架左侧驱动链条36、移动框架左侧驱动轮37,所述移动框架驱动电机固定座31安装在移动框架纵梁22底部,所述移动框架驱动电机固定座31底部设有移动框架驱动电机32,所述移动框架驱动电机32的输出轴通过换向齿轮与移动框架传动轴33连接,所述移动框架传动轴33左侧设有左上链轮34,所述左下链轮35位于左侧移动框架立柱21下部外侧壁上,所述左上链轮34通过左侧移动框架驱动链条36与左下链轮35动力连接, 所述移动框架左侧驱动轮37位于左侧移动框架立柱21下部,所述左下链轮35与移动框架左侧驱动轮37轴连接,所述移动框架传动轴33右侧结构与左侧结构相对称。Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged horizontally, the moving frame driving mechanism 3 includes a moving frame driving motor fixing base 31, a moving frame driving motor 32, a moving frame transmission shaft 33, a left upper sprocket 34, and a lower left The sprocket 35, the left driving chain 36 of the moving frame, and the left driving wheel 37 of the moving frame. The moving frame driving motor fixing base 31 is installed at the bottom of the moving frame longitudinal beam 22, and the moving frame driving motor fixing base 31 is provided at the bottom. The moving frame driving motor 32 is connected to an output shaft of the moving frame driving motor 32 through a reversing gear. The left side of the moving frame driving shaft 33 is provided with an upper left sprocket 34 and a lower left sprocket 35. The left upper sprocket 34 is located on the lower outer side wall of the left moving frame pillar 21, and the left upper sprocket 34 is dynamically connected to the left lower sprocket 35 through the left moving frame driving chain 36. The left driving wheel 37 of the moving frame is located on the left moving frame pillar 21 In the lower part, the lower left sprocket 35 is axially connected to the left driving wheel 37 of the moving frame, and the right structure of the moving frame transmission shaft 33 is symmetric with the left structure.
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时,所述上层载车板升降机构5包括上层载车板升降电机固定座501、上层载车板升降电机502、上层载车板升降传动轴503、第一链轮504、第二链轮505、第三链轮506、第四链轮507、第五链轮508、第一链条509、第二链条510、第三链条511,所述上层载车板升降电机固定座501安装在移动框架2上,所述上层载车板升降电机固定座501上设有上层载车板升降电机502,所述上层载车板升降电机502输出轴上设有第一链轮504,所述第二链轮505固定在上层载车板升降传动轴503上位于第一链轮504下方,所述第一链轮504通过第一链条509与第二链轮505动力连接,所述上层载车板升降传动轴503左端设有第三链轮506,所述第四链轮507位于移动框架2前端左侧,所述第五链轮508位于移动框架2尾端左侧,所述第三链轮506上绕有第二链条510,所述第二链条510通过第四链轮507连接在上层载车板4左前角,所述第四链轮507上还绕有第三链条511,所述第三链条511通过第五链轮508连接在上层载车板4左后角,所述上层载车板升降传动轴503右端结构与左端结构相对称。Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged horizontally, the upper-stage vehicle-board-plate lifting mechanism 5 includes an upper-stage vehicle-board-plate lifting motor fixing base 501, an upper-layer car-plate lifting motor 502, and an upper-layer car-plate lifting drive. The shaft 503, the first sprocket 504, the second sprocket 505, the third sprocket 506, the fourth sprocket 507, the fifth sprocket 508, the first chain 509, the second chain 510, and the third chain 511. An upper-layer car-plate lifting motor fixing base 501 is installed on the moving frame 2. The upper-layer car-plate lifting motor fixing base 501 is provided with an upper-layer car-plate lifting motor 502, and an output shaft of the upper-layer car-plate lifting motor 502 is provided. A first sprocket 504 is provided, and the second sprocket 505 is fixed on the upper car board lifting transmission shaft 503 and is located below the first sprocket 504. The first sprocket 504 is connected to the second chain through the first chain 509 The wheels 505 are power-connected. A third sprocket 506 is provided at the left end of the upper car board lifting drive shaft 503, the fourth sprocket 507 is located at the left side of the front end of the moving frame 2, and the fifth sprocket 508 is located at the moving frame 2. On the left side of the tail end, a second chain 510 is wound around the third sprocket 506, and the first The chain 510 is connected to the left front corner of the upper deck 4 by a fourth sprocket 507. The fourth chain 507 is also wound with a third chain 511, and the third chain 511 is connected to the upper layer by a fifth sprocket 508. At the rear left corner of the vehicle board 4, the right end structure of the upper-layer vehicle board lifting drive shaft 503 is symmetrical to the left end structure.
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时,所述抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备还包括上层升降框架41、转盘42,所述上层升降框架41上设有转盘42,所述转盘42上设有上层载车板4,所述上层载车板升降机构5连接在上层载车板4的链条转为连接在上层升降框架41上;所述转盘42带有动力,可驱动上层载车板4旋转,方便左右通道泊车。Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are horizontally arranged, the three-dimensional parking device for the pull-combined moving frame further includes an upper lifting frame 41 and a turntable 42. The upper lifting frame 41 is provided with a turntable 42. The turntable 42 is provided with an upper-level car plate 4, and the chain of the upper-level car plate lifting mechanism 5 connected to the upper-level car plate 4 is connected to the upper-level lifting frame 41; the turntable 42 is powered and can drive The upper car board 4 rotates to facilitate parking in the left and right aisles.
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2纵向布置时,所述固定框架包括固定框架立柱12、固定框架纵梁14,所述固定框架1设有四根固定框架立柱12,车宽方向两侧的两根固定框架立柱12上分别架设有固定框架纵梁14,两根固定框架纵梁14内侧壁及/或外侧壁上分别设有导轨11;Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged longitudinally, the fixed frame includes a fixed frame column 12 and a fixed frame stringer 14. The fixed frame 1 is provided with four fixed frame columns 12. The two fixed frame columns 12 on the side are respectively provided with a fixed frame longitudinal beam 14, and the inner wall and / or the outer wall of the two fixed frame longitudinal beams 14 are respectively provided with guide rails 11;
所述移动框架2包括移动框架立柱21、移动框架横梁23、移动框架纵梁22、导轨轮24,所述移动框架2前端设有两根移动框架立柱21,两根移动框架立柱21上部连接有移动框架横梁23,两根移动框架立柱21朝固定框架1方向分别设有移动框架纵梁22,两根移动框架纵梁22外侧壁上及/或内侧壁上分别设有若干个导轨轮24,两根移动框架纵梁22分别通过导轨轮24与所述固定框架1的导轨11衔接。The mobile frame 2 includes a mobile frame column 21, a mobile frame beam 23, a mobile frame stringer 22, and a guide wheel 24. Two front ends of the mobile frame 2 are provided with two mobile frame columns 21, and the upper portions of the two mobile frame columns 21 are connected to each other. Moving frame beams 23, two moving frame columns 21 are respectively provided with moving frame longitudinal beams 22 in the direction of the fixed frame 1, and two moving frame longitudinal beams 22 are provided with a plurality of guide rail wheels 24 on the outer side wall and / or the inner side wall, The two moving frame longitudinal beams 22 are respectively connected to the guide rails 11 of the fixed frame 1 through a guide wheel 24.
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2纵向布置时,所述移动框架驱动机构3的移动框架驱动电机32装在移动框架横梁23底部,其余结构与所述固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时一致;所述上层载车板升降机构5结构与固定框架1、移动框架2横向布置时一致。Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged longitudinally, the moving frame driving motor 32 of the moving frame driving mechanism 3 is installed at the bottom of the moving frame beam 23, and the remaining structure is transverse to the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2. The arrangement is the same; the structure of the upper-layer car board lifting mechanism 5 is the same when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged horizontally.
优选地,所述固定框架1、移动框架2纵向布置时,所述固定框架1下部还设有可纵向运动的地面层载车板6,所述地面层载车板6底部设有驱动轮及若干支撑轮或设有依托地面导轨的驱动轮及若干导轨轮。Preferably, when the fixed frame 1 and the moving frame 2 are arranged in a longitudinal direction, a lower layer of the fixed frame 1 is further provided with a ground floor car plate 6 that can be moved longitudinally, and a driving wheel and A plurality of support wheels or a driving wheel and a plurality of guide wheels which are provided on the ground guide rail.
一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备的泊车方法,所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,地面泊车位泊车时,汽车可直接通过车长方向进出地面泊车位;上层泊车位使用时,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架从固定框架上沿车长方向移出,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板降落地面,如车长方向可通行车辆,汽车直接从车长方向直接开到上层载车板上,如车长方向不可通行车辆,转盘带动上层载车板转动,汽车从车宽方向开到上层载车板上,转盘带动上层载车板恢复原位,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板上升至指定位置,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架收回至固定框架作为上层泊车位;上层泊车位和地面泊车位车辆驶出时,与前述过程相逆。A parking method of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame. When the fixed frame and the moving frame are horizontally arranged, when the ground parking space is parked, the car can directly enter and exit the ground parking space through the length direction of the vehicle; the upper parking space is used. At this time, the driving mechanism of the moving frame controls the moving frame to move out of the fixed frame along the length of the vehicle. The upper deck lifting mechanism controls the upper deck to fall to the ground. If the vehicle can pass through in the length direction, the car will drive directly from the length to On the upper car plate, if the vehicle is not accessible in the length direction, the turntable drives the upper car plate to rotate, and the car drives from the width direction to the upper car plate. The turn plate drives the upper car plate to return to its original position, and the upper car plate moves up and down. The mechanism controls the upper deck to rise to the designated position, and the mobile frame drive mechanism controls the movable frame to retract to the fixed frame as the upper parking space; when the upper parking space and the ground parking space exit the vehicle, the process is reversed.
一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备的泊车方法,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,地面泊车位泊车时,如车长方向可通行车辆,汽车可直接通过车长方向进出地面层载车板泊车,如车长方向不可通行车辆,地面层载车板纵向移出泊车位,汽车开至地面层载车板上,地面层载车板收回至地面泊车位上;上层泊车位使用时,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架从固定框架上沿车宽方向移出,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板降落地面,汽车直接从车长方向开至上层载车板上,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板上升至指定位置,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架收回至固定框架作为上层泊车位;上层泊车位和地面泊车位车辆驶出时,与前述过程相逆。A parking method for a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame. When the fixed frame and the moving frame are longitudinally arranged, when parking on the ground parking space, if the vehicle can pass through in the vehicle length direction, the car can directly enter and exit through the vehicle length direction. Car parking on the ground floor, if the vehicle is not accessible in the length direction, the car floor on the ground floor moves out of the parking space longitudinally, the car drives to the car floor on the ground floor, and the car floor on the ground floor retracts to the ground parking space; When the parking space is used, the moving frame driving mechanism controls the moving frame to move out from the fixed frame in the width direction of the vehicle. The upper-layer car plate lifting mechanism controls the upper-layer car plate to fall to the ground. The car drives directly from the direction of the vehicle to the upper-layer car plate. The car plate lifting mechanism controls the upper car plate to rise to the designated position, and the mobile frame driving mechanism controls the mobile frame to retract to the fixed frame as the upper parking space; when the upper parking space and the ground parking space exit the vehicle, the process is reversed.
实施例二:Embodiment two:
所述移动框架驱动机构3还可设置在固定框架1上,所述移动框架驱动机构3通过驱动导轨轮24驱动移动框架2抽拉运动。The moving frame driving mechanism 3 can also be provided on the fixed frame 1. The moving frame driving mechanism 3 drives the moving frame 2 to pull and pull by driving the guide rail wheels 24.
实施例三:Embodiment three:
所述移动框架驱动机构3还可设置在固定框架1上,所述移动框架2上的导轨轮24可用齿条替代,所述固定框架1的导轨11上设有与移动框架齿条相互咬合的齿纹,所述移动框架驱动机构3为驱动电机,所述驱动电机的输出轴 带有驱动齿轮,所述驱动齿轮嵌合在固定框架1的导轨11前部镂空处,所述驱动齿轮与导轨11的齿纹形成一条完整的齿纹,所述驱动电机的驱动齿轮通过驱动固定框架1的齿条驱动移动框架2抽拉运动。The moving frame driving mechanism 3 may also be provided on the fixed frame 1. The guide wheel 24 on the moving frame 2 may be replaced by a rack. The guide rail 11 of the fixed frame 1 is provided with a meshing engagement with the rack of the moving frame. Tooth pattern, the moving frame driving mechanism 3 is a driving motor, the output shaft of the driving motor is provided with a driving gear, the driving gear is fitted in the hollow of the front part of the guide rail 11 of the fixed frame 1, and the driving gear and the guide rail The tooth pattern of 11 forms a complete tooth pattern, and the driving gear of the driving motor drives the drawing frame of the moving frame 2 by driving the rack of the fixed frame 1.
根据上述说明书的揭示和教导,本发明所属领域的技术人员还可以对上述实施方式进行适当的变更和修改。因此,本发明并不局限于上面揭示和描述的具体实施方式,对本发明的一些修改和变更也应当落入本发明的权利要求的保护范围内。此外,尽管本说明书中使用了一些特定的术语,但这些术语只是为了方便说明,并不对本发明构成任何限制。Based on the disclosure and teachings of the foregoing specification, those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains may also make appropriate changes and modifications to the above embodiments. Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and described above, and some modifications and changes to the present invention should also fall within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention. In addition, although some specific terms are used in this specification, these terms are only for convenience of explanation and do not constitute any limitation to the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:包括固定框架、移动框架、移动框架驱动机构、上层载车板、上层载车板升降机构,所述固定框架固定安装在泊车位上,所述固定框架上梁设有导轨,所述移动框架上梁与所述导轨衔接,所述移动框架上或固定框架上设有移动框架驱动机构,所述移动框架驱动机构驱动移动框架沿固定框架的导轨做抽拉式运动,所述上层载车板位于移动框架下部,所述移动框架上还设有上层载车板升降机构,所述上层载车板升降机构驱动上层载车板升降;所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置或纵向布置;所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,泊车位的存取车方向与车长方向一致,所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,泊车位的存取车方向与车宽方向一致。The utility model relates to a three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame, which is characterized by comprising a fixed frame, a moving frame, a moving frame driving mechanism, an upper car plate, and an upper car plate lifting mechanism. The fixed frame is fixedly installed on a parking space. The upper beam of the fixed frame is provided with a guide rail, and the upper beam of the moving frame is engaged with the guide rail. A moving frame driving mechanism is provided on the moving frame or the fixed frame, and the moving frame driving mechanism drives the moving frame to be fixed along the fixed frame. The guide rail of the frame performs a pull-type movement, and the upper-layer car-carrying board is located at the lower part of the moving frame, and the moving frame is also provided with an upper-car-carrying board lifting mechanism, which drives the upper-car-carrying board to lift; The fixed frame and mobile frame are arranged horizontally or vertically; when the fixed frame and mobile frame are arranged horizontally, the direction of the parking space is consistent with the length of the vehicle; when the fixed frame and mobile frame are vertically arranged, the parking space The direction of the access vehicle is the same as the width of the vehicle.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述固定框架包括固定框架立柱、固定框架横梁,所述固定框架设有四根固定框架立柱,车长方向两侧的两根固定框架立柱上分别架设有固定框架横梁,两根固定框架横梁内侧壁及/或外侧壁上设有导轨;The three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame according to claim 1, wherein when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged laterally, the fixed frame includes a fixed frame column and a fixed frame beam, and the fixed frame is provided with There are four fixed frame columns, two fixed frame columns on both sides of the vehicle length are respectively provided with fixed frame beams, and two fixed frame beams are provided with guide rails on the inner side wall and / or the outer side wall;
    所述移动框架包括移动框架立柱、移动框架纵梁、移动框架横梁、导轨轮,所述移动框架前端设有两根移动框架立柱,两根移动框架立柱上部连接有移动框架纵梁,两根移动框架立柱朝固定框架方向分别设有移动框架横梁,两根移动框架横梁外侧壁及/或内侧壁上分别设有若干个导轨轮,两根移动框架横梁分别通过导轨轮与所述固定框架的导轨衔接。The mobile frame includes a mobile frame column, a mobile frame stringer, a mobile frame beam, and a guide wheel. The front end of the mobile frame is provided with two mobile frame columns. The upper part of the two mobile frame columns is connected with the mobile frame stringer. The frame columns are respectively provided with moving frame beams in the direction of the fixed frame, and a plurality of guide wheels are respectively arranged on the outer side wall and / or the inner side wall of the two moving frame beams, and the two moving frame beams are respectively connected to the guide rails of the fixed frame through the guide wheel. Convergence.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述移动框架驱动机构包括移动框架驱动电机固定座、移动框架驱动电机、移动框架传动轴、左上链轮、左下链轮、移动框架左侧驱动链条、移动框架左侧驱动轮,所述移动框架驱动电机固定座安装在移动框架纵梁底部,所述移动框架驱动电机固定座底部设有移动框架驱动电机,所述移动框架驱动电机的输出轴通过换向齿轮与移动框架传动轴连接,所述移动框架传动轴左侧设有左上链轮,所述左下链轮位于左侧移动框架立柱下部外侧壁上,所述左上链轮通过左侧移动框架驱动链条与左下链轮动力连接,所述移动框架左侧驱动轮位于左侧移动框架立柱下部,所述左下链轮与移动框架左侧驱动轮轴连接,所述移动框架传动轴右侧结构与左侧结构相对称。The three-dimensional parking device for a pull-frame combined moving frame according to claim 1, wherein when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged horizontally, the moving frame driving mechanism comprises a moving frame driving motor fixing base and a moving frame driving motor The moving frame driving shaft, the upper left sprocket, the lower left sprocket, the left driving chain of the moving frame, and the left driving wheel of the moving frame. The moving frame driving motor fixing seat is installed at the bottom of the moving frame longitudinal beam, and the moving frame driving motor The bottom of the fixed seat is provided with a moving frame driving motor, and the output shaft of the moving frame driving motor is connected to the moving frame driving shaft through a reversing gear. The left side of the moving frame driving shaft is provided with an upper left sprocket, and the lower left sprocket is located at The left upper sprocket is dynamically connected to the left lower sprocket through the left moving frame drive chain on the lower outer side wall of the left moving frame post, and the left driving wheel of the moving frame is located at the lower part of the left moving frame post, and the left lower sprocket It is connected to the left driving wheel shaft of the moving frame. symmetry.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于: 所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述上层载车板升降机构包括上层载车板升降电机固定座、上层载车板升降电机、上层载车板升降传动轴、第一链轮、第二链轮、第三链轮、第四链轮、第五链轮、第一链条、第二链条、第三链条,所述上层载车板升降电机固定座安装在移动框架上,所述上层载车板升降电机固定座上设有上层载车板升降电机,所述上层载车板升降电机输出轴上设有第一链轮,所述第二链轮固定在上层载车板升降传动轴上位于第一链轮下方,所述第一链轮通过第一链条与第二链轮动力连接,所述上层载车板升降传动轴左端设有第三链轮,所述第四链轮位于移动框架前端左侧,所述第五链轮位于移动框架尾端左侧,所述第三链轮上绕有第二链条,所述第二链条通过第四链轮连接在上层载车板左前角,所述第四链轮上还绕有第三链条,所述第三链条通过第五链轮连接在上层载车板左后角,所述上层载车板升降传动轴右端结构与左端结构相对称。The three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame according to claim 1, wherein when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged laterally, the upper-stage vehicle-board-plate lifting mechanism includes an upper-layer car-plate-lifting motor fixing seat, Upper car plate lifting motor, upper car plate lifting drive shaft, first sprocket, second sprocket, third sprocket, fourth sprocket, fifth sprocket, first chain, second chain, third A chain, wherein the upper car-board lifting motor fixing base is installed on a moving frame, the upper car-board lifting motor fixing base is provided with an upper car-board lifting motor, and the upper car-board lifting motor output shaft is provided with There is a first sprocket, the second sprocket is fixed on the upper-layer car board lifting transmission shaft and is located below the first sprocket, and the first sprocket is dynamically connected to the second sprocket through a first chain, and the upper layer A third sprocket is provided at the left end of the car board lifting drive shaft, the fourth sprocket is located at the left side of the front end of the moving frame, the fifth sprocket is located at the left side of the rear end of the moving frame, and the third sprocket is wound around Second chain The fourth sprocket is connected to the left front corner of the upper car board, and the fourth sprocket is also wound with a third chain. The third chain is connected to the left rear corner of the upper car board through a fifth sprocket. The structure of the right end of the upper car lift drive shaft is symmetrical to the left end structure.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,所述抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备还可包括上层升降框架、转盘,所述上层升降框架上设有转盘,所述转盘上设有上层载车板,所述上层载车板升降机构连接在上层载车板的链条转为连接在上层升降框架上;所述转盘带有动力,可驱动上层载车板旋转,方便左右通道泊车。The three-dimensional parking device for a pull combined moving frame according to claim 1, wherein when the fixed frame and the mobile frame are arranged laterally, the three-dimensional parking device for a pull combined moving frame further comprises an upper lifting frame, A turntable, the upper lift frame is provided with a turntable, the turntable is provided with an upper layer car plate, and the chain of the upper layer car plate lifting mechanism connected to the upper layer car plate is connected to the upper layer frame; The turntable is powered and can drive the upper deck to rotate, which is convenient for parking in left and right aisles.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,所述固定框架包括固定框架立柱、固定框架纵梁,所述固定框架设有四根固定框架立柱,车宽方向两侧的两根固定框架立柱上分别架设有固定框架纵梁,两根固定框架纵梁内侧壁及/或外侧壁上分别设有导轨;The three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame according to claim 1, wherein when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged longitudinally, the fixed frame includes a fixed frame post, a fixed frame longitudinal beam, and the fixed frame There are four fixed frame pillars, two fixed frame pillars on both sides of the vehicle width direction are respectively provided with fixed frame longitudinal beams, and two inner rails and / or outer sidewalls of the two fixed frame longitudinal beams are respectively provided with guide rails;
    所述移动框架包括移动框架立柱、移动框架横梁、移动框架纵梁、导轨轮,所述移动框架前端设有两根移动框架立柱,两根移动框架立柱上部连接有移动框架横梁,两根移动框架立柱朝固定框架方向分别设有移动框架纵梁,两根移动框架纵梁外侧壁上及/或内侧壁上分别设有若干个导轨轮,两根移动框架纵梁分别通过导轨轮与所述固定框架的导轨衔接。The mobile frame includes a mobile frame column, a mobile frame beam, a mobile frame stringer, and a guide wheel. The front end of the mobile frame is provided with two mobile frame columns. The upper part of the two mobile frame columns is connected with a mobile frame beam and two mobile frames. The columns are respectively provided with moving frame longitudinal beams in the direction of the fixed frame, and a plurality of guide wheels are respectively arranged on the outer side wall and / or the inner side wall of the two moving frame side members. The rails of the frame engage.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,所述移动框架驱动机构的移动框架驱动电机安装在移动框架横梁底部,其余结构与所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时一致;所述上层载车板升降机构结构与固定框架、移动框架横向布置时一致。The three-dimensional parking device for a pull-combined movable frame according to claim 1, characterized in that: when the fixed frame and the movable frame are arranged longitudinally, the movable frame driving motor of the movable frame driving mechanism is installed at the bottom of the movable frame beam, The rest of the structure is consistent with the fixed frame and the moving frame when it is arranged horizontally; the structure of the upper-layer car board lifting mechanism is consistent with the fixed frame and the moving frame when it is arranged horizontally.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,所述固定框架下部还设有可纵向运动的地面层载车板,所述地面层载车板底部设有驱动轮及若干支撑轮或设有依托地面导轨的驱动轮及若干导轨轮。The three-dimensional parking device with a pull-out combined moving frame according to claim 1, characterized in that: when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged longitudinally, a lower-level vehicle plate on the ground layer is further provided at the lower portion of the fixed frame, A driving wheel and a plurality of support wheels or a driving wheel and a plurality of guide wheels on the ground guide rail are provided at the bottom of the ground-level car board.
  9. 一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备的泊车方法,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架横向布置时,地面泊车位泊车时,汽车可直接通过车长方向进出地面泊车位;上层泊车位使用时,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架从固定框架上沿车长方向移出,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板降落地面,如车长方向可通行车辆,汽车直接从车长方向直接开到上层载车板上,如车长方向不可通行车辆,转盘带动上层载车板转动,汽车从车宽方向开到上层载车板上,转盘带动上层载车板恢复原位,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板上升至指定位置,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架收回至固定框架作为上层泊车位;上层泊车位和地面泊车位车辆驶出时,与前述过程相逆。A parking method of a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame, characterized in that: when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged laterally, when the ground parking space is parked, the car can directly enter and exit the ground parking space through the length direction of the vehicle; When the upper parking space is used, the moving frame driving mechanism controls the moving frame to move out from the fixed frame in the direction of the vehicle length. The upper vehicle plate lifting mechanism controls the upper vehicle plate to fall to the ground. Drive directly to the upper deck. If the vehicle is not accessible in the length direction, the turntable will drive the upper deck to rotate. The car will drive from the width direction to the upper deck. The turntable will drive the upper deck to return to its original position. The car plate lifting mechanism controls the upper car plate to rise to the designated position, and the mobile frame driving mechanism controls the mobile frame to retract to the fixed frame as the upper parking space; when the upper parking space and the ground parking space exit the vehicle, the process is reversed.
  10. 一种抽拉组合移动框架立体泊车设备的泊车方法,其特征在于:所述固定框架、移动框架纵向布置时,地面泊车位泊车时,如车长方向可通行车辆,汽车可直接通过车长方向进出地面层载车板泊车,如车长方向不可通行车辆,地面层载车板纵向移出泊车位,汽车开至地面层载车板上,地面层载车板收回至地面泊车位上;上层泊车位使用时,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架从固定框架上沿车宽方向移出,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板降落地面,汽车直接从车长方向开至上层载车板上,上层载车板升降机构控制上层载车板上升至指定位置,移动框架驱动机构控制移动框架收回至固定框架作为上层泊车位;上层泊车位和地面泊车位车辆驶出时,与前述过程相逆。A parking method for a three-dimensional parking device with a drawing and moving frame, which is characterized in that: when the fixed frame and the moving frame are arranged longitudinally, when the ground parking space is parked, if the vehicle can pass through in the vehicle length direction, the car can pass directly The length of the vehicle enters and exits from the ground floor car board parking. If the vehicle is not accessible in the length direction, the ground floor car board moves out of the parking space longitudinally, the car drives to the ground floor car board, and the ground floor car board retracts to the ground parking space. Up; when the upper parking space is used, the moving frame driving mechanism controls the moving frame to move out from the fixed frame in the width direction of the vehicle, the upper loading plate lifting mechanism controls the upper loading plate to land on the ground, and the car drives directly from the direction of the vehicle to the upper loading vehicle On the board, the upper car board lifting mechanism controls the upper car board to rise to the specified position, and the mobile frame drive mechanism controls the mobile frame to retract to the fixed frame as the upper parking space; when the upper parking space and the ground parking space exit the vehicle, the same process as described above is performed. Opposite.
PCT/CN2018/102246 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 Stereo parking device having combined drawing-type moving frame and parking method thereof WO2020037651A1 (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012241381A (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-12-10 Ihi Transport Machinery Co Ltd Two-or-more-storied parking device and operation method for the same
CN206971837U (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-02-06 蔡井辉 A kind of new double-layer parking field
CN207647262U (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-07-24 重庆一伟机电设备有限公司 Planer-type parking device
CN207647256U (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-07-24 侯依林 A kind of vertical shift garage
CN108661372A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-10-16 梁正奎 Pull combines mobility framework multi-storied parking equipment and its method of parking
CN208502356U (en) * 2018-06-15 2019-02-15 梁正奎 Pull combines mobile framework multi-storied parking equipment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012241381A (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-12-10 Ihi Transport Machinery Co Ltd Two-or-more-storied parking device and operation method for the same
CN206971837U (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-02-06 蔡井辉 A kind of new double-layer parking field
CN207647256U (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-07-24 侯依林 A kind of vertical shift garage
CN207647262U (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-07-24 重庆一伟机电设备有限公司 Planer-type parking device
CN108661372A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-10-16 梁正奎 Pull combines mobility framework multi-storied parking equipment and its method of parking
CN208502356U (en) * 2018-06-15 2019-02-15 梁正奎 Pull combines mobile framework multi-storied parking equipment

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