WO2017211045A1 - Heating device, cooking apparatus, and cooking method using heating device - Google Patents

Heating device, cooking apparatus, and cooking method using heating device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017211045A1
WO2017211045A1 PCT/CN2016/105145 CN2016105145W WO2017211045A1 WO 2017211045 A1 WO2017211045 A1 WO 2017211045A1 CN 2016105145 W CN2016105145 W CN 2016105145W WO 2017211045 A1 WO2017211045 A1 WO 2017211045A1
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Prior art keywords
heating
exhaust
cooking
exhaust gas
cooking appliance
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PCT/CN2016/105145
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王新元
房振
冯威潮
杜放
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佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司
美的集团股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201610395697.6 priority Critical
Priority to CN201610395697.6A priority patent/CN105816056B/en
Application filed by 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司, 美的集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司
Publication of WO2017211045A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017211045A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/24Warming devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/08Pressure-cookers; Lids or locking devices specially adapted therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/08Pressure-cookers; Lids or locking devices specially adapted therefor
    • A47J27/0802Control mechanisms for pressure-cookers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/08Pressure-cookers; Lids or locking devices specially adapted therefor
    • A47J27/09Safety devices including the pressure indicators

Abstract

A heating device (1), a cooking apparatus, and a cooking method using the heating device (1). The heating device (1) comprises: a heating component for heating cookware (2); an exhaust detection component (11) for detecting an exhaust signal of the cookware (2); and an electronic control board connecting to the heating component and the exhaust detection component (11). The electronic control board is used for counting, on the basis of the exhaust signal detected by the exhaust detection component (11), an exhaust time length or an exhaust frequency of the cookware (2), and for regulating, on the basis of a cooking procedure selected by a user, a heating parameter of the heating component to control a total exhaust time length or a total exhaust times of the cookware (2). The technical solution can modify, on the basis of a cooking procedure selected by a user, a heating parameter of a heating component to control a pressure-maintaining time during a cooking process, thus enabling an auto-cooking function to significantly improve user experience.

Description

加热设备、烹饪装置和加热设备的烹饪方法Heating device, cooking device and cooking method of heating device 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及烹饪器具技术领域,具体而言,涉及一种加热设备、一种烹饪装置和一种加热设备的烹饪方法。The present invention relates to the field of cooking appliances, and in particular to a heating apparatus, a cooking apparatus and a cooking method of the heating apparatus.
背景技术Background technique
目前,国内外传统的普通压力锅仍占有很大的市场,普通压力锅在工作过程中需要排气,由于不同的食材所需的烹饪时长不同,需要压力锅在排气过程的持续时间也不相同。At present, the traditional ordinary pressure cookers at home and abroad still occupy a large market. The ordinary pressure cookers need to be vented during the work process. Because the cooking time required for different ingredients is different, the duration of the exhaust process in the pressure cooker is different.
但是,目前普通压力锅的加热控制主要靠认为判断,即需要用户根据不同的食材来控制压力锅的加热火力,以对压力锅在排气过程的持续时间进行控制,不仅占用了用户大量的时间,而且不利于烹饪经验不足的用户进行操控,严重影响了用户的使用体验。However, at present, the heating control of the ordinary pressure cooker mainly relies on the judgment that the user needs to control the heating firepower of the pressure cooker according to different ingredients to control the duration of the pressure cooker in the exhausting process, which not only takes up a lot of time of the user, but also does not It is beneficial for users who have insufficient cooking experience to control it, which seriously affects the user experience.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明旨在至少解决现有技术或相关技术中存在的技术问题之一。The present invention aims to solve at least one of the technical problems existing in the prior art or related art.
为此,本发明的一个目的在于提出了一种新的加热设备,该加热设备能够根据用户选择的烹饪程序对加热组件的加热参数进行调整,以对烹饪过程的保压时间进行控制,进而实现了自动烹饪的功能,极大地提升了用户的使用体验。To this end, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new heating device capable of adjusting the heating parameters of the heating assembly according to a cooking program selected by the user to control the holding time of the cooking process, thereby realizing The automatic cooking function greatly enhances the user experience.
本发明的另一个目的在于提出了一种烹饪装置和一种加热设备的烹饪方法。Another object of the present invention is to provide a cooking apparatus and a cooking method of the heating apparatus.
为实现上述目的,根据本发明的第一方面的实施例,提出了一种加热设备,包括:加热组件,用于对烹饪器具进行加热;排气检测组件,用于检测所述烹饪器具的排气信号;电控板,连接至所述加热组件和所述排气检测组件,用于根据所述排气检测组件检测到的所述排气信号统计所述烹 饪器具的排气时长或排气次数,并根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。In order to achieve the above object, according to an embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a heating apparatus comprising: a heating assembly for heating a cooking appliance; and an exhaust gas detecting assembly for detecting a row of the cooking appliance a gas signal; an electric control panel coupled to the heating assembly and the exhaust gas detecting assembly for counting the cooking according to the exhaust signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting assembly The exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance, and adjusting the heating parameter of the heating component according to a cooking program selected by the user to control the total exhaust time or the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance.
根据本发明的实施例的加热设备,由于不同的食材在烹饪过程中的保压时间不同,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气时长和排气次数之间存在相关关系,因此电控板通过根据用户选择的烹饪程序(不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间)调节加热组件的加热参数,使得加热设备能够自动根据用户选择的烹饪程序对加热组件的加热参数进行调整,以对烹饪过程的保压时间进行控制,进而能够实现自动烹饪的功能,解决了用户在使用烹饪器具,尤其是非智能的烹饪器具(如普通压力锅)时,需要时刻关注烹饪器具的工作状况的问题,不仅节省了用户的烹饪时间,而且能够辅助用户(尤其是烹饪经验不足的用户)进行烹饪,极大地提升了用户的使用体验。其中,加热参数包括:加热功率。According to the heating apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention, since the holding time of different food materials in the cooking process is different, and the dwell time is related to the exhaust gas length and the number of exhausting times of the cooking appliance, the electronic control panel passes Adjusting the heating parameters of the heating assembly according to a cooking program selected by the user (different cooking programs correspond to different holding times), so that the heating device can automatically adjust the heating parameters of the heating assembly according to the cooking program selected by the user to The holding time is controlled, and the function of automatic cooking can be realized, which solves the problem that the user needs to pay attention to the working condition of the cooking appliance when using the cooking utensils, especially the non-smart cooking utensils (such as ordinary pressure cooker), which not only saves the problem. The user's cooking time, and can help the user (especially the user with insufficient cooking experience) to cook, greatly improving the user experience. Wherein, the heating parameters include: heating power.
根据本发明的上述实施例的加热设备,还可以具有以下技术特征:The heating apparatus according to the above embodiment of the present invention may further have the following technical features:
根据本发明的一个实施例,所述电控板包括:排气判断模块,用于根据所述排气检测组件检测到的所述排气信号判断所述烹饪器具是否发生排气;排气统计模块,用于在所述排气判断模块判定所述烹饪器具发生排气后,统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数;指令接收模块,用于接收用户选择的烹饪程序;加热参数调节模块,用于根据所述用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the electronic control board includes: an exhaust gas judging module, configured to determine whether the cooking appliance generates exhaust gas according to the exhaust gas signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component; a module, configured to: after the exhaust gas determination module determines that the cooking appliance generates exhaust gas, count an exhaust gas duration or a number of exhaust times of the cooking appliance; an instruction receiving module, configured to receive a cooking program selected by a user; and a heating parameter And an adjustment module, configured to adjust a heating parameter of the heating component according to the cooking program selected by the user, to control a total exhaust time or a total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance.
根据本发明的一个实施例,所述加热参数调节模块具体用于:根据所述用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时长,确定所述烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数;根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the heating parameter adjustment module is specifically configured to: determine a target exhaust time duration or a target exhaust gas number according to the pressure holding duration corresponding to the cooking program selected by the user; The target exhaust time or the number of target exhausts adjusts the heating parameters of the heating assembly.
具体地,加热参数调节模块在烹饪器具的排气总时长达到所述目标排气时长,或在所述烹饪器具的排气总次数达到所述目标排气次数后,降低所述加热组件的加热功率。Specifically, the heating parameter adjustment module reaches the target exhaust time duration when the total exhaust time of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust gas length, or reduces the heating of the heating component after the total exhaust gas number of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust gas number power.
在该实施例中,由于不同的烹饪程序对应的保压时间不同,如煮饭程 序和煲汤程序对应的保压时间是不一样的,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气次数或排气时长是正相关关系,即烹饪器具的排气次数越大或排气时长越长,保压时间越长,因此可以根据用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时间,来确定烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数,进而根据目标排气时长或目标排气次数来调节加热组件的加热参数,以间接控制烹饪器具的保压时间。In this embodiment, since different cooking procedures correspond to different dwell times, such as cooking courses The dwell time corresponding to the order and the soup program is different, and the dwell time is positively related to the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance or the exhaust time, that is, the greater the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance or the longer the exhaust time, The longer the pressing time, the more the target exhaust time or the target number of exhausts can be determined according to the dwell time corresponding to the cooking program selected by the user, and then the heating assembly can be adjusted according to the target exhaust time or the target exhaust time. Heating parameters to indirectly control the dwell time of the cooking appliance.
根据本发明的一个实施例,所述排气检测组件包括以下任一或多个传感器的组合:声音传感器、振动传感器、温度传感器、湿度传感器、图像检测模块。According to an embodiment of the invention, the exhaust gas detection assembly comprises a combination of any one or more of the following: an acoustic sensor, a vibration sensor, a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, an image detection module.
具体来说,若排气检测组件为声音传感器,则检测到的排气信号为声音信号;若排气检测组件为振动传感器,则检测到的排气信号为振动信号;若排气检测组件为温度传感器,则检测到的排气信号为温度信号;若排气检测组件为湿度传感器,则检测到的排气信号为湿度信号;若排气检测组件为图像检测模块,则检测到的排气信号为图像信号。Specifically, if the exhaust gas detecting component is a sound sensor, the detected exhaust gas signal is a sound signal; if the exhaust gas detecting component is a vibration sensor, the detected exhaust gas signal is a vibration signal; if the exhaust gas detecting component is The temperature sensor detects the exhaust signal as a temperature signal; if the exhaust gas detecting component is a humidity sensor, the detected exhaust signal is a humidity signal; and if the exhaust detecting component is an image detecting module, the detected exhaust The signal is an image signal.
根据本发明的一个实施例,所述加热设备为电磁炉、燃气灶或者电烤盘。According to an embodiment of the invention, the heating device is an induction cooker, a gas stove or an electric baking pan.
根据本发明的一个实施例,所述烹饪器具为压力锅,所述压力锅包括锅体、封盖锅体的锅盖,设置在锅盖上的排气阀,以及套设在排气阀上的重锤。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the cooking appliance is a pressure cooker, the pressure cooker includes a pot body, a lid of the lid body, an exhaust valve disposed on the lid, and a weight disposed on the exhaust valve hammer.
根据本发明的第二方面的实施例,还提出了一种烹饪装置,包括:烹饪器具;以及如上述实施例中任一项所述的加热设备。According to an embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention, there is also provided a cooking apparatus comprising: a cooking appliance; and the heating apparatus according to any of the above embodiments.
根据本发明的第三方面的实施例,还提出了一种加热设备的烹饪方法,所述加热设备包括加热组件、排气检测组件和电控板,所述加热设备的烹饪方法,包括:在所述加热组件对烹饪器具进行加热的过程中,所述排气检测组件检测所述烹饪器具的排气信号;所述电控板根据所述排气检测组件检测的所述排气信号统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数;所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。According to an embodiment of the third aspect of the present invention, there is also provided a cooking method of a heating device, the heating device comprising a heating assembly, an exhaust gas detecting assembly and an electric control panel, the cooking method of the heating device comprising: The exhaust gas detecting component detects an exhaust signal of the cooking appliance during heating of the cooking appliance; the electric control panel is according to the exhaust signal statistical station detected by the exhaust gas detecting component Determining the exhaust gas duration or the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance; the electronic control panel adjusts the heating parameter of the heating component according to a cooking program selected by the user to control the total exhaust time or the total number of exhaust gases of the cooking appliance .
根据本发明的实施例的加热设备的烹饪方法,由于不同的食材在烹饪 过程中的保压时间不同,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气时长和排气次数之间存在相关关系,因此电控板通过根据用户选择的烹饪程序(不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间)调节加热组件的加热参数,使得加热设备能够自动根据用户选择的烹饪程序对加热组件的加热参数进行调整,以对烹饪过程的保压时间进行控制,进而能够实现自动烹饪的功能,解决了用户在使用烹饪器具,尤其是非智能的烹饪器具(如普通压力锅)时,需要时刻关注烹饪器具的工作状况的问题,不仅节省了用户的烹饪时间,而且能够辅助用户(尤其是烹饪经验不足的用户)进行烹饪,极大地提升了用户的使用体验。其中,加热参数包括:加热功率。Cooking method of a heating apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, since different ingredients are cooking The dwell time in the process is different, and there is a correlation between the dwell time and the exhaust time and the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance, so the electronic control board passes the cooking program according to the user selection (different cooking programs correspond to different guarantees) The pressing time adjusts the heating parameter of the heating component, so that the heating device can automatically adjust the heating parameter of the heating component according to the cooking program selected by the user, so as to control the holding time of the cooking process, thereby realizing the function of automatic cooking and solving When the user uses cooking utensils, especially non-smart cooking utensils (such as ordinary pressure cookers), it is necessary to pay attention to the working condition of the cooking utensils at all times, which not only saves the user's cooking time, but also assists the user (especially the cooking experience is insufficient). The user) is cooking, which greatly enhances the user experience. Wherein, the heating parameters include: heating power.
根据本发明的上述实施例的加热设备,还可以具有以下技术特征:The heating apparatus according to the above embodiment of the present invention may further have the following technical features:
根据本发明的一个实施例,所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数的步骤,具体包括:所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时长,确定所述烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数;根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the step of adjusting the heating parameter of the heating component according to the cooking program selected by the user includes: the electronic control panel according to the holding time corresponding to the cooking program selected by the user, Determining a target exhaust duration or a target number of exhausts of the cooking appliance; adjusting a heating parameter of the heating assembly according to the target exhaust duration or the number of target exhausts.
在该实施例中,由于不同的烹饪程序对应的保压时间不同,如煮饭程序和煲汤程序对应的保压时间是不一样的,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气次数或排气时长是正相关关系,即烹饪器具的排气次数越大或排气时长越长,保压时间越长,因此可以根据用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时间,来确定烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数,进而根据目标排气时长或目标排气次数来调节加热组件的加热参数,以间接控制烹饪器具的保压时间。In this embodiment, since the holding time corresponding to different cooking programs is different, for example, the holding time corresponding to the cooking program and the soup program is different, and the holding time and the number of exhausting or cooking time of the cooking appliance are different. Is a positive correlation, that is, the greater the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance or the longer the exhausting time, the longer the holding time, so the target exhaust time of the cooking appliance can be determined according to the holding time corresponding to the cooking program selected by the user or The target number of exhausts, and then the heating parameters of the heating assembly are adjusted according to the target exhaust time or the number of target exhausts to indirectly control the dwell time of the cooking appliance.
根据本发明的一个实施例,根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数的步骤,具体包括:所述电控板在所述烹饪器具的排气总时长达到所述目标排气时长,或在所述烹饪器具的排气总次数达到所述目标排气次数后,降低所述加热组件的加热功率。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the step of adjusting the heating parameter of the heating component according to the target exhaust time duration or the target exhaust time, specifically includes: the total exhaust time of the electronic control panel in the cooking appliance reaches The target exhaust time is long, or the heating power of the heating assembly is reduced after the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance reaches the target number of exhausts.
在该实施例中,当烹饪器具的排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或烹饪器具的排气总次数达到目标排气次数后,说明烹饪程序的保压过程已经结束,进而可以降低加热组件的加热功率,以进入保温阶段或直接退出烹饪 过程。In this embodiment, when the total exhaust time of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust time, or the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust frequency, it indicates that the pressure holding process of the cooking program has ended, thereby reducing the heating component. Heating power to enter the insulation stage or directly exit cooking process.
本发明的附加方面和优点将在下面的描述中部分给出,部分将从下面的描述中变得明显,或通过本发明的实践了解到。The additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows.
附图说明DRAWINGS
本发明的上述和/或附加的方面和优点从结合下面附图对实施例的描述中将变得明显和容易理解,其中:The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily understood from
图1示出了根据本发明的实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的原理示意图;1 is a schematic diagram showing the principle of a detecting device for an ordinary pressure cooker exhaust signal according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图2示出了根据本发明的实施例的加热设备的电控板的示意框图;2 shows a schematic block diagram of an electrical control board of a heating device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
图3示出了根据本发明的第一个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的结构示意图;3 is a schematic structural view showing a detecting device of an ordinary pressure cooker exhaust signal according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
图4示出了根据本发明的第一个实施例的电磁炉的电控板的内部结构示意图;4 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of an electric control panel of an induction cooker according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
图5示出了根据本发明的第二个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的结构示意图;Figure 5 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional pressure cooker exhaust gas detecting device according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
图6示出了根据本发明的第二个实施例的电磁炉的电控板的内部结构示意图;6 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of an electric control panel of an induction cooker according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
图7示出了根据本发明的第三个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的结构示意图;Figure 7 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional pressure cooker exhaust gas detecting device according to a third embodiment of the present invention;
图8示出了根据本发明的第三个实施例的电磁炉的电控板的内部结构示意图;8 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of an electric control panel of an induction cooker according to a third embodiment of the present invention;
图9示出了根据本发明的第四个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的结构示意图;Figure 9 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional pressure cooker exhaust gas detecting device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;
图10示出了根据本发明的第四个实施例的电磁炉的电控板的内部结构示意图;Figure 10 is a block diagram showing the internal structure of an electric control panel of an induction cooker according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;
图11示出了根据本发明的第五个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的第一种结构示意图;Figure 11 is a view showing a first structural diagram of a detecting device for an ordinary pressure cooker exhaust signal according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;
图12示出了根据本发明的第五个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检 测装置的第二种结构示意图;Figure 12 is a view showing the inspection of an ordinary pressure cooker exhaust signal according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. A second structural schematic diagram of the measuring device;
图13示出了根据本发明的第五个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的第三种结构示意图;Figure 13 is a view showing a third structural diagram of a detecting device for an ordinary pressure cooker exhaust signal according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;
图14示出了根据本发明的第六个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的第一种结构示意图;Figure 14 is a view showing a first structural diagram of a detecting device for an ordinary pressure cooker exhaust signal according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention;
图15示出了根据本发明的第六个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的第二种结构示意图;Figure 15 is a view showing a second schematic configuration of a detecting device for a conventional pressure cooker exhaust signal according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention;
图16示出了根据本发明的第七个实施例的普通压力锅排气信号的检测装置的结构示意图;Figure 16 is a block diagram showing the structure of a conventional pressure cooker exhaust gas detecting device according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention;
图17示出了根据本发明的实施例的加热设备的烹饪方法的示意流程图。Figure 17 shows a schematic flow chart of a cooking method of a heating apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
为了能够更清楚地理解本发明的上述目的、特征和优点,下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明进行进一步的详细描述。需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments. It should be noted that the embodiments in the present application and the features in the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
在下面的描述中阐述了很多具体细节以便于充分理解本发明,但是,本发明还可以采用其他不同于在此描述的其他方式来实施,因此,本发明的保护范围并不受下面公开的具体实施例的限制。In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a full understanding of the invention, but the invention may be practiced otherwise than as described herein. Limitations of the embodiments.
本发明的技术方案主要是通过对烹饪器具的排气信号进行检测,并据此对加热设备的加热参数进行调整。在对本发明提出的加热设备及对应的烹饪方法进行说明之前,先对烹饪器具的结构进行简要说明:The technical solution of the present invention mainly detects the exhaust signal of the cooking appliance, and adjusts the heating parameters of the heating device accordingly. Before describing the heating device and the corresponding cooking method proposed by the present invention, the structure of the cooking appliance will be briefly described:
在本发明的一个优选实施例中,烹饪器具优选为普通压力锅,一般来说,普通压力锅和加热设备是分体的,加热设备可以为燃气灶、电磁炉或者电烤盘等。如图1所示,普通压力锅2包括锅体21,封盖锅体21的锅盖22,锅体21和锅盖22沿径向的一端均设有供握持的手柄24,锅盖22上设有排气阀(图1中的排气阀被重锤23遮挡)和浮子阀(图1中并未示出),浮子阀在普通压力锅2初始上气阶段排冷气,排气阀上罩有重锤23,排气阀开设有沿轴向的排气口,当锅体21内的气压大于重锤23的重 力时,重锤23被竖直顶起,锅体21内的气体沿着排气通道排出,锅体21内的压力逐渐下降,经过一段时间的排气后,锅体21内的气压低于重锤23的压力时,重锤23回落,普通压力锅2停止排气,从而完成一次排气。经过一段时间的加热后,锅体21内的压力再次大于重锤23的重力,开始新一轮的排气。本实施例通过传感器检测压力锅因重锤23上升和下落时所产生的排气信号,进而判断排气阀是否处于排气状态。In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the cooking appliance is preferably a conventional pressure cooker. Generally, the common pressure cooker and the heating device are separate, and the heating device may be a gas stove, an induction cooker or an electric baking pan. As shown in FIG. 1, the conventional pressure cooker 2 includes a pot body 21, and covers a lid 22 of the pot body 21. The pot body 21 and the lid 22 are provided with a handle 24 for gripping at one end in the radial direction. An exhaust valve (the exhaust valve in Fig. 1 is blocked by the weight 23) and a float valve (not shown in Fig. 1) are provided, and the float valve is exhausted in the initial air-stage of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and the exhaust valve is covered. There is a weight 23, the exhaust valve is opened with an exhaust port in the axial direction, when the air pressure in the pot body 21 is greater than the weight of the weight 23 When the force is applied, the weight 23 is vertically jacked up, the gas in the pot body 21 is discharged along the exhaust passage, and the pressure in the pot body 21 is gradually decreased. After a period of exhausting, the air pressure in the pot body 21 is lower than that. When the pressure of the weight 23 is lowered, the weight 23 is lowered, and the ordinary pressure cooker 2 stops the exhaust, thereby completing the exhaust once. After a period of heating, the pressure in the pot 21 is again greater than the weight of the weight 23, and a new round of exhaust is started. In this embodiment, the exhaust gas signal generated when the weight cooker 23 rises and falls is detected by the sensor, thereby determining whether the exhaust valve is in the exhaust state.
值得注意的是,现有技术中有一部分普通压力锅的排气阀上开设有若干个沿径向的排气口,其锅内的压力一旦大于预设值,就会不停的排气,同时驱动重锤环绕排气阀旋转,直至食物烹饪完毕。这部分的普通压力锅与本实施例提供的普通压力锅是不同的。It is worth noting that in the prior art, some of the exhaust valves of the common pressure cooker are provided with a plurality of radial exhaust ports, and once the pressure in the pot is greater than a preset value, the exhaust gas is continuously exhausted. Drive the weight around the exhaust valve until the food is cooked. This part of the ordinary pressure cooker is different from the conventional pressure cooker provided in this embodiment.
在同等功率条件下,普通压力锅内的保压时间与普通压力锅的排气次数或排气时长成正比,普通压力锅的排气次数越多或排气时长越长,普通压力锅内的保压时间越长。基于此,本发明提出了通过对压力锅的排气时长或排气次数进行统计,以确定压力锅的保压时间,进而根据用户选择的烹饪程序来对加热设备的加热参数(如加热功率)进行调整的方案。由于不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的食材,因此本发明的技术方案能够针对不同的食材进行针对性的烹饪,实现了自动烹饪的功能。同时,该方案也能够应用于烹饪时需要进行排气的其它烹饪器具。Under the same power conditions, the dwell time in the ordinary pressure cooker is proportional to the number of exhausts or the exhaust time of the ordinary pressure cooker. The more the exhaust pressure of the ordinary pressure cooker or the longer the exhaust gas length, the more the dwell time in the ordinary pressure cooker long. Based on this, the present invention proposes to determine the pressure holding time of the pressure cooker by counting the exhaust gas length or the number of exhaust times of the pressure cooker, and then adjusting the heating parameters (such as heating power) of the heating device according to the cooking program selected by the user. Program. Since different cooking programs correspond to different food materials, the technical solution of the present invention enables targeted cooking for different food materials, and realizes the function of automatic cooking. At the same time, the solution can also be applied to other cooking utensils that need to be vented during cooking.
具体来说,根据本发明的实施例的加热设备,包括:加热组件,用于对烹饪器具进行加热;排气检测组件,用于检测所述烹饪器具的排气信号;电控板,连接至所述加热组件和所述排气检测组件,用于根据所述排气检测组件检测到的所述排气信号统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数,并根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。其中,加热参数包括:加热功率。Specifically, a heating apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a heating unit for heating a cooking appliance; an exhaust gas detecting unit for detecting an exhaust signal of the cooking appliance; and an electric control board connected to The heating assembly and the exhaust gas detecting assembly are configured to count an exhaust gas duration or an exhaust gas number of the cooking appliance according to the exhaust gas signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component, and according to a cooking program selected by a user The heating parameters of the heating assembly are adjusted to control the total duration of exhaust or total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance. Wherein, the heating parameters include: heating power.
可见,本发明提出的加热设备能够自动根据用户选择的烹饪程序对加热组件的加热参数进行调整,以对烹饪过程的保压时间进行控制,进而能够实现自动烹饪的功能,解决了用户在使用烹饪器具,尤其是非智能的烹饪器具(如普通压力锅)时,需要时刻关注烹饪器具的工作状况的问题,不仅节省了用户的烹饪时间,而且能够辅助用户(尤其是烹饪经验不足的 用户)进行烹饪,极大地提升了用户的使用体验。It can be seen that the heating device proposed by the invention can automatically adjust the heating parameters of the heating component according to the cooking program selected by the user, so as to control the holding time of the cooking process, thereby realizing the function of automatic cooking and solving the user's cooking. Appliances, especially non-smart cooking utensils (such as ordinary pressure cookers), need to keep an eye on the working conditions of the cooking utensils, which not only saves the user's cooking time, but also assists the user (especially the lack of cooking experience) The user) is cooking, which greatly enhances the user experience.
作为本发明的一个优选实施例,电控板在实现上述功能时,可以有如图2所示的结构,具体包括:排气判断模块201、排气统计模块202、指令接收模块203和加热参数调节模块204。As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electronic control board may have the structure as shown in FIG. 2 when implementing the above functions, and specifically includes: an exhaust gas judging module 201, an exhaust gas statistics module 202, an instruction receiving module 203, and heating parameter adjustment. Module 204.
其中,排气判断模块201用于根据所述排气检测组件检测到的所述排气信号判断所述烹饪器具是否发生排气;排气统计模块202用于在所述排气判断模块201判定所述烹饪器具发生排气后,统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数;指令接收模块203,用于接收用户选择的烹饪程序;加热参数调节模块204,用于根据所述用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。The exhaust gas judging module 201 is configured to determine whether the cooking appliance generates exhaust gas according to the exhaust gas signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component; the exhaust gas statistics module 202 is configured to determine at the exhaust gas judging module 201 After the cooking appliance is exhausted, counting the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance; the command receiving module 203 is configured to receive a cooking program selected by the user; and the heating parameter adjusting module 204 is configured to select according to the user The cooking program adjusts the heating parameters of the heating assembly to control the total duration of exhaust or the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance.
由于不同的烹饪程序对应的保压时间不同,如煮饭程序和煲汤程序对应的保压时间是不一样的,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气次数或排气时长是正相关关系,即烹饪器具的排气次数越大或排气时长越长,保压时间越长,因此,加热参数调节模块204具体用于:根据用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时长,确定所述烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数;根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数。Since different cooking procedures have different dwell times, for example, the dwell time corresponding to the cooking process and the soup process is different, and the dwell time is positively related to the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance or the exhaust time, that is, cooking. The greater the number of exhausts of the appliance or the longer the exhaust duration, the longer the dwell time. Therefore, the heating parameter adjustment module 204 is specifically configured to: determine the target of the cooking appliance according to the duration of the holding pressure corresponding to the cooking program selected by the user. The duration of the exhaust or the number of target exhausts; the heating parameters of the heating assembly are adjusted according to the target exhaust duration or the number of target exhausts.
具体地,加热参数调节模块204在烹饪器具的排气总时长达到所述目标排气时长,或在所述烹饪器具的排气总次数达到所述目标排气次数后,降低所述加热组件的加热功率。Specifically, the heating parameter adjustment module 204 reaches the target exhaust time duration when the total exhaust time of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust time, or decreases the heating component after the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust number heating power.
为了进一步说明本发明的技术方案,以下以加热设备为电磁炉,烹饪器具为图1中所示的普通压力锅为例对本发明的技术方案做进一步说明。In order to further illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, the technical solution of the present invention will be further described below by taking a heating device as an induction cooker and a cooking appliance as an ordinary pressure cooker shown in FIG. 1 as an example.
如图1所示,电磁炉1具有排气检测组件11和电控板,以及用于对普通压力锅2进行加热的线圈盘(图中未示出,该线圈盘即为加热组件)、支撑普通压力锅2的面板13和收容线圈盘和电控板的底盖。As shown in FIG. 1, the induction cooker 1 has an exhaust gas detecting assembly 11 and an electric control panel, and a coil disk for heating the ordinary pressure cooker 2 (not shown, the coil disk is a heating component), and supports a common pressure cooker. The panel 13 of 2 and the bottom cover for accommodating the coil disk and the electric control board.
其中,排气检测组件11包括温度传感器、声音传感器、振动传感器、湿度传感器、图像检测模块中之一或多个的组合,排气检测组件11通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的温度信号、声音信号、振动信号、湿度信号、图像信号等的变化来检测普通压力锅2是否排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板据此来统计普通压力锅2的排气次数或排气时长,进而来控制电磁炉1的火力大小,以下介绍排气检测组件11 的不同实现形式的检测原理:The exhaust gas detecting component 11 includes a combination of one or more of a temperature sensor, an acoustic sensor, a vibration sensor, a humidity sensor, and an image detecting module. The exhaust gas detecting component 11 senses a temperature signal during the exhaust process of the common pressure cooker 2, The change of the sound signal, the vibration signal, the humidity signal, the image signal, etc., detects whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted, and transmits the exhaust signal to the electric control board of the induction cooker 1, and the electronic control board counts the exhaust of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 accordingly The number of times or the length of the exhaust gas, in order to control the amount of firepower of the induction cooker 1, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is described below. The detection principle of different implementation forms:
1、温度传感器通过感知普通压力锅2本体温度的变化或者排气阀周围温度的突变来判断普通压力锅2是否排气。普通压力锅2从开始加热至排气阀第一次排气之前,其锅体的温度会逐渐上升,直至达到一个稳定的温度,大致在96℃附近,但在普通压力锅2排气时,其锅体的温度会有一个短时间的下降,大致下降4℃至6℃,温度下降的持续时间大约为10s至20s,然后再迅速上升至该稳定的温度,因此可以通过检测到这个温度短时间的下降判断普通压力锅2是否发生排气。同样的,普通压力锅2在排气之前,其排气口的温度会持续在一个稳定的温度范围内,当在普通压力锅2排气时,排气口周围的温度会有一个短时间的上升,然后再迅速下降至该稳定的温度范围,因此可以通过检测排气口温度短时间的变化来判断普通压力锅2是否发生排气。1. The temperature sensor judges whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted by sensing the change of the temperature of the main pressure cooker 2 or the sudden change of the temperature around the exhaust valve. Before the ordinary pressure cooker 2 starts heating until the exhaust valve is exhausted for the first time, the temperature of the pot body will gradually rise until it reaches a stable temperature, which is approximately 96 ° C, but when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted, the pot is The temperature of the body will decrease for a short period of time, approximately 4 ° C to 6 ° C, the temperature drop lasts for about 10 s to 20 s, and then rises rapidly to the stable temperature, so it can be detected by this temperature for a short time. The drop is judged whether or not the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented. Similarly, before the exhaust gas of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, the temperature of the exhaust port will continue to be in a stable temperature range. When the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted, the temperature around the exhaust port will rise for a short time. Then, it quickly drops to the stable temperature range, so it is possible to judge whether or not the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented by detecting a change in the temperature of the exhaust port for a short time.
具体地,检测普通压力锅2本体温度变化的热敏温度传感器安装在普通压力锅2的本体上,例如锅盖22、锅体21上,或者安装在电磁炉1的线圈盘中部并贴紧面板13的下表面;检测排气阀周围温度的红外温度传感器安装在电磁炉1的角落,方向朝上,具体可安装在电磁炉1的底盖内,电磁炉1的面板13正对着红外温度传感器的位置可以开设透光孔,以便于红外温度传感器对排气阀周围的温度进行检测。或者,检测排气阀周围温度的红外温度传感器安装在普通压力锅2的手柄上。Specifically, the temperature sensitive temperature sensor for detecting the temperature change of the body of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is mounted on the body of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, such as the lid 22, the pot body 21, or is installed in the middle of the coil pan of the induction cooker 1 and is in close contact with the panel 13 The infrared temperature sensor for detecting the temperature around the exhaust valve is installed at the corner of the induction cooker 1 with the direction facing upward, and can be specifically installed in the bottom cover of the induction cooker 1, and the position of the panel 13 of the induction cooker 1 facing the infrared temperature sensor can be opened. A light hole to facilitate detection of the temperature around the exhaust valve by the infrared temperature sensor. Alternatively, an infrared temperature sensor that detects the temperature around the exhaust valve is mounted on the handle of the ordinary pressure cooker 2.
2、声音传感器通过感知普通压力锅2排气时喷气的声音,经过时域、频域分析普通压力锅2是否排气。其中,声音传感器可采用麦克风,麦克风可以安装在排气阀的周围,比如安装在普通压力锅2的手柄24上,以便能更加灵敏的感知普通压力锅2排气时所发出的声音。但麦克风安装在排气阀的周围会遇到供电和传送数据不方便的问题,其中一个解决办法是在普通压力锅2手柄24上设置给麦克风供电的独立电源,以及设置向电控板发送声音信号的无线数据传送模块。麦克风也可以安装在电磁炉1上,具体的,可安装在电磁炉1的面板13上或者底盖的侧壁上。麦克风安装在电磁炉1上,可以解决供电和向电控板传送数据不方便的问题,但由于离排气的声源比较远,会存在对声音的感知灵敏度下降的问题。为了解决这个问题,其中的一个方案是在麦克风和电控板之间设置放 大模块和滤波模块,以从麦克风采集的声音信号中提取有效的排气信号。2. The sound sensor analyzes whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted through the time domain and the frequency domain by sensing the sound of the air jet when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted. The sound sensor may be a microphone, and the microphone may be installed around the exhaust valve, for example, on the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, so as to more sensitively sense the sound emitted by the ordinary pressure cooker 2 when exhausted. However, when the microphone is installed around the exhaust valve, it is inconvenient to supply power and transmit data. One solution is to set an independent power supply for the microphone to be supplied to the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and to set a sound signal to the electronic control board. Wireless data transfer module. The microphone can also be mounted on the induction cooker 1, and in particular, can be mounted on the panel 13 of the induction cooker 1 or on the side wall of the bottom cover. The microphone is mounted on the induction cooker 1 to solve the problem of inconvenient power supply and data transmission to the electronic control board. However, since the sound source from the exhaust gas is relatively far away, there is a problem that the sensitivity of the sound is degraded. In order to solve this problem, one of the solutions is to put between the microphone and the electric control board. The large module and the filtering module extract an effective exhaust signal from the sound signal collected from the microphone.
3、振动传感器通过感知普通压力锅2排气时所发出的振动信号(如重锤23起落引起的振动)来判断普通压力锅2是否排气。振动传感器可以安装在普通压力锅2的本体上、电磁炉1的面板13上或者底盖的支撑脚12上,具体地,可采用麦克风或者应变片来检测振动信号,麦克风安装在电磁炉1的面板13下面且紧贴面板13,应变片贴在电磁炉1的支撑脚12上,以感知普通压力锅2的重锤23起落时的脚垫伸缩变化。3. The vibration sensor judges whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted by sensing the vibration signal (such as the vibration caused by the lifting of the weight 23) when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted. The vibration sensor may be mounted on the body of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, on the panel 13 of the induction cooker 1 or on the support leg 12 of the bottom cover. Specifically, a microphone or a strain gauge may be used to detect the vibration signal, and the microphone is installed under the panel 13 of the induction cooker 1. And close to the panel 13, the strain gauge is attached to the support leg 12 of the induction cooker 1 to sense the expansion and contraction of the foot pad when the weight 23 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 rises and falls.
4、湿度传感器通过感知普通压力锅2的排气口周围的湿度变化来判断普通压力锅2是否排气。具体地,湿度传感器可拆卸安装在所述普通压力锅2的手柄24上或者锅盖22上。4. The humidity sensor determines whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted by sensing the change in humidity around the exhaust port of the ordinary pressure cooker 2. Specifically, the humidity sensor is detachably mounted on the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 or on the lid 22.
5、图像检测模块通过感知普通压力锅2排气时重锤23起落以及喷气引起的图像变动来判断普通压力锅2是否排气。具体地,可通过微小型的摄像头或者红外成像传感器实现。5. The image detecting module judges whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted by sensing the rise and fall of the weight 23 during the exhaust of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 and the image change caused by the air jet. Specifically, it can be realized by a micro-miniature camera or an infrared imaging sensor.
以下以排气检测组件11采用具体的传感器为例详细说明本发明的技术方案。Hereinafter, the technical solution of the present invention will be described in detail by taking an exhaust gas detecting unit 11 using a specific sensor as an example.
实施例一:Embodiment 1:
如图3所示,排气检测组件11为声音传感器111,声音传感器111通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的声音信号来检测普通压力锅2是否排气(如通过麦克风采集声音),具体地,声音传感器111将检测到的声音信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。其中,电控板的内部结构如图4所示,包括:初级放大模块41,滤波模块42,次级放大模块43,检波模块44,AD采样模块45,微处理器46,加热控制模块47。其中,图4中所示的麦克风40即为本发明中的声音传感器111的一种具体实现方式。具体地,声音传感器111和电控板的工作原理如下:As shown in FIG. 3, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is a sound sensor 111. The sound sensor 111 detects whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted (such as collecting sound through a microphone) by sensing the sound signal during the exhaust process of the ordinary pressure cooker 2. Specifically, The sound sensor 111 transmits the detected sound signal to the electronic control board of the induction cooker 1, and the electronic control board controls the firepower of the induction cooker 1. The internal structure of the electronic control board is as shown in FIG. 4, and includes: a primary amplification module 41, a filtering module 42, a secondary amplification module 43, a detection module 44, an AD sampling module 45, a microprocessor 46, and a heating control module 47. The microphone 40 shown in FIG. 4 is a specific implementation of the sound sensor 111 in the present invention. Specifically, the working principle of the sound sensor 111 and the electronic control board is as follows:
1、麦克风40通过感知外界的声音(包括普通压力锅2排气时喷气的声音)产生声音信号。1. The microphone 40 generates a sound signal by sensing the sound of the outside world (including the sound of the jet when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted).
2、产生的声音信号通过初级放大模块41进行放大。2. The generated sound signal is amplified by the primary amplification module 41.
3、放大后的信号进入滤波电路模块42进行滤波。由于普通压力锅2排气时排气的声音信号的频率集中在2kHz-6kHz,因此滤波模块42优选 可采用带通滤波模块,输出处在2kHz-6kHz之间的信号;此外,也可以无需进行滤波处理,即电控板中可以不使用滤波模块42。3. The amplified signal enters the filter circuit module 42 for filtering. Since the frequency of the sound signal of the exhaust gas when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted is concentrated at 2 kHz to 6 kHz, the filtering module 42 preferably A band pass filter module can be used to output a signal between 2 kHz and 6 kHz; in addition, no filtering process can be performed, that is, the filter module 42 can be omitted in the electronic control board.
4、滤波模块42输出的信号经过次级运放模块43再次放大。4. The signal output by the filtering module 42 is amplified again by the secondary operational amplifier module 43.
5、次级运放模块43输出的信号经过检波模块44、AD采样模块45处理后被微处理器46获取。5. The signal output by the secondary operational amplifier module 43 is processed by the detection module 44 and the AD sampling module 45 and then acquired by the microprocessor 46.
6、微处理器46获取AD采样模块45的输出信号后,对信号进行均值、极差、极值计算,通过分析计算得到的均值、极差、极值的变化来判断是否排气。具体地,当AD采样模块45输出的信号的频率在预定的频率内、幅值在预定的幅值范围内,且持续预定的时长时,则判定普通压力锅2发生排气。6. After acquiring the output signal of the AD sampling module 45, the microprocessor 46 performs the mean value, the range difference, and the extreme value calculation on the signal, and determines whether the exhaust gas is exhausted by analyzing the calculated mean value, the range difference, and the extreme value. Specifically, when the frequency of the signal output by the AD sampling module 45 is within a predetermined frequency and the amplitude is within a predetermined amplitude range for a predetermined period of time, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
7、微处理器46在确定普通压力锅2发生排气后,根据AD采样模块45输出的信号来统计普通压力锅2的排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对加热控制模块47的加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低加热控制模块47的加热功率。其中,在图4所示的电控板结构中,也可以不进行次级放大和检波处理,即可以缺少次级运放模块43及检波模块44。7. After determining that the normal pressure cooker 2 is exhausted, the microprocessor 46 counts the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 according to the signal output from the AD sampling module 45, and based on the cooking program selected by the user (corresponding to the holding pressure) Time, different cooking programs correspond to different dwell time, that is, corresponding to different target exhaust time or target exhaust times) to control the heating power of the heating control module 47, when the total exhaust time reaches the target exhaust The heating power of the heating control module 47 is reduced when the duration, or the total number of exhausts reaches the target number of exhausts. In the electronic control board structure shown in FIG. 4, the secondary amplification and detection processing may not be performed, that is, the secondary operational amplifier module 43 and the detection module 44 may be omitted.
此外,声音传感器111与电控板之间的信号连接可以采用无线连接的方式,在此情况下,声音传感器111的安装位置将不限于图3中所示的位置,可以安装在更靠近排气口的位置(如普通压力锅2的手柄24上或锅盖22上)。In addition, the signal connection between the sound sensor 111 and the electronic control board may be wirelessly connected. In this case, the installation position of the sound sensor 111 will not be limited to the position shown in FIG. 3, and may be installed closer to the exhaust. The position of the mouth (such as on the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 or on the lid 22).
实施例二:Embodiment 2:
如图5所示,排气检测组件11为声音传感器111和温度传感器112,声音传感器111和温度传感器112通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的声音(如通过麦克风采集声音)、温度变化来检测排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。其中,图5中所示的14为电磁炉底座。As shown in FIG. 5, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is an acoustic sensor 111 and a temperature sensor 112. The sound sensor 111 and the temperature sensor 112 detect by detecting the sound during the exhaust process of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 (such as collecting sound through a microphone) and temperature change. The exhaust gas is transmitted to the electric control board of the induction cooker 1 and the electric control board is used to control the firepower of the induction cooker 1. Among them, 14 shown in FIG. 5 is an induction cooker base.
其中,温度传感器112可以安装在普通压力锅2的本体上,或者安装在电磁炉1的线圈盘中部并贴紧面板13的表面(即图5中所示的安装方 式);此外,还可以通过红外温度传感器来检测排气阀周围的温度信号,红外温度传感器具体可安装在电磁炉底盖14内。Wherein, the temperature sensor 112 may be mounted on the body of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, or installed in the middle of the coil pan of the induction cooker 1 and in close contact with the surface of the panel 13 (ie, the mounting side shown in FIG. 5) In addition, the temperature signal around the exhaust valve can also be detected by an infrared temperature sensor, and the infrared temperature sensor can be specifically mounted in the induction bottom cover 14.
在该实施例中,电控板内部结构如图6所示,包括:第一AD采样模块61,初级放大模块63,滤波模块64,次级放大模块65,第二AD采样模块66,微处理器67,加热控制模块68。其中,图6中所示的温度检测模块60即为本发明中的温度传感器112,图6中所示的麦克风62即为本发明中的声音传感器111。具体地,声音传感器111、温度传感器112和电控板的工作原理如下:In this embodiment, the internal structure of the electronic control board is as shown in FIG. 6, and includes: a first AD sampling module 61, a primary amplification module 63, a filtering module 64, a secondary amplification module 65, a second AD sampling module 66, and a micro processing. The controller 67 heats the control module 68. Among them, the temperature detecting module 60 shown in FIG. 6 is the temperature sensor 112 in the present invention, and the microphone 62 shown in FIG. 6 is the sound sensor 111 in the present invention. Specifically, the working principle of the sound sensor 111, the temperature sensor 112, and the electronic control board is as follows:
1、温度检测模块60感知普通压力锅2产生的温度信号。1. The temperature detecting module 60 senses the temperature signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2.
2、第一AD采样模块61对温度检测模块60感知的温度信号行AD采样,以将模拟信号转换为数字信号。2. The first AD sampling module 61 samples the temperature signal line sensed by the temperature detecting module 60 to convert the analog signal into a digital signal.
3、经过第一AD采样模块61采样后的信号输入微处理器67进行判断,具体地,当第一AD采样模块61输出的信号的幅值在预定的幅值范围内且持续预定的时长时,判定普通压力锅2发生排气。3. The signal sampled by the first AD sampling module 61 is input to the microprocessor 67 for determination. Specifically, when the amplitude of the signal output by the first AD sampling module 61 is within a predetermined amplitude range and continues for a predetermined period of time. It is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
4、麦克风62感知普通压力锅2在排气时产生的声音信号。4. The microphone 62 senses a sound signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2 during exhaust.
5、声音信号经过初级放大模块63进行放大。5. The sound signal is amplified by the primary amplification module 63.
6、放大后的信号进入滤波电路模块61进行滤波。滤波模块64优选为带通滤波模块,初级放大模块63放大的信号经滤波模块64进行滤波,滤除处在排气信号频率以外的信号,输出处在2kHz-6kHz之间的信号。6. The amplified signal enters the filter circuit module 61 for filtering. The filtering module 64 is preferably a band pass filtering module. The signal amplified by the primary amplification module 63 is filtered by the filtering module 64 to filter out signals outside the frequency of the exhaust signal and output signals between 2 kHz and 6 kHz.
7、滤波后的信号经过次级放大模块65再次放大。7. The filtered signal is amplified again by the secondary amplification module 65.
8、信号经过第二AD采样模块66采样输入微处理器67。8. The signal is sampled and input to the microprocessor 67 via the second AD sampling module 66.
9、微处理器67通过第二AD采样模块66的采样信号进行判断是否排气,判断方法为:对信号进行均值、极差、极值计算,通过分析计算得到的均值、极差、极值的变化来判断是否排气。具体地,当第二AD采样模块66输出的信号频率在预定的频率内、幅值在预定的幅值范围内,且持续预定的时长时,则判定普通压力锅发生排气。9. The microprocessor 67 determines whether to exhaust by the sampling signal of the second AD sampling module 66. The determining method is: performing mean, range, and extreme value calculation on the signal, and calculating the mean, range, and extreme values obtained through analysis and calculation. Change to determine if the exhaust is exhausted. Specifically, when the frequency of the signal output by the second AD sampling module 66 is within a predetermined frequency and the amplitude is within a predetermined amplitude range for a predetermined period of time, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker is vented.
10、微处理器67根据步骤3、步骤9的检测结果进行判断,只有当步骤9和步骤3均确定检测到普通压力锅2发生排气时,且两者检测到的排气信号的时间间隔在预设间隔之内时,才判定普通压力锅2发生排气。10. The microprocessor 67 determines according to the detection results of step 3 and step 9, only when step 9 and step 3 both determine that the exhaust gas of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is detected, and the time interval of the exhaust signals detected by the two is When the preset interval is within, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
在微处理器67确定普通压力锅2发生排气后,统计普通压力锅2的 排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对加热控制模块68的加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低加热控制模块68的加热功率。After the microprocessor 67 determines that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented, the normal pressure cooker 2 is counted. Exhaust duration or number of exhausts, and based on the user-selected cooking program (corresponding to the dwell time, different cooking programs correspond to different dwell times, ie corresponding to different target exhaust durations or target exhaust times) The heating fire power of the heating control module 68 is controlled, and when the total exhaust gas length reaches the target exhaust gas length, or the total number of exhaust gas reaches the target exhaust gas number, the heating power of the heating control module 68 is lowered.
其中,在图6所示的电控板结构中,也可以不设置第二AD采样模块66。However, in the electronic control board structure shown in FIG. 6, the second AD sampling module 66 may not be provided.
此外,声音传感器111、温度传感器112分别与电控板之间的信号连接可以采用无线连接的方式,在此情况下,声音传感器111的安装位置将不限于图5中所示的位置,也可以安装在更靠近排气口的位置(如普通压力锅2的手柄24上或锅盖22上)。温度传感器112可以安装在普通压力锅2的本体上,并且可以设置红外温度传感器来检测排气阀周围的温度信号,红外温度传感器具体可安装在电磁炉底盖14内。In addition, the signal connection between the sound sensor 111 and the temperature sensor 112 and the electronic control board may be wirelessly connected. In this case, the installation position of the sound sensor 111 is not limited to the position shown in FIG. 5, and may also be It is installed closer to the exhaust port (such as the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 or the lid 22). The temperature sensor 112 may be mounted on the body of the conventional pressure cooker 2, and an infrared temperature sensor may be provided to detect a temperature signal around the exhaust valve, and the infrared temperature sensor may be specifically mounted in the induction cooker bottom cover 14.
实施例三:Embodiment 3:
如图7所示,排气检测组件11为声音传感器111和振动传感器113,声音传感器111和振动传感器113通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的声音(如通过麦克风采集声音)、振动变化来检测排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。其中,图7中所示的14为电磁炉底盖。As shown in FIG. 7, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is a sound sensor 111 and a vibration sensor 113, and the sound sensor 111 and the vibration sensor 113 detect by detecting sound in the exhaust process of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 (such as collecting sound through a microphone) and vibration change. The exhaust gas is transmitted to the electric control board of the induction cooker 1 and the electric control board is used to control the firepower of the induction cooker 1. Among them, 14 shown in Fig. 7 is an induction cooker bottom cover.
在该实施例中,电控板的内部结构如图8所示,包括:放大模块82,触发模块83,初级放大模块85,滤波模块86,次级放大模块87,AD采样模块88,微处理器89,加热控制模块80。其中,图8所示的振动检测模块81即为本发明中的振动传感器113,图8中所示的麦克风84即为本发明中的声音传感器111。具体地,声音传感器111、振动传感器113和电控板的工作原理如下:In this embodiment, the internal structure of the electronic control board is as shown in FIG. 8, and includes: an amplification module 82, a trigger module 83, a primary amplification module 85, a filtering module 86, a secondary amplification module 87, an AD sampling module 88, and a micro processing. The controller 89 heats the control module 80. Among them, the vibration detecting module 81 shown in Fig. 8 is the vibration sensor 113 in the present invention, and the microphone 84 shown in Fig. 8 is the sound sensor 111 in the present invention. Specifically, the working principle of the sound sensor 111, the vibration sensor 113, and the electronic control board is as follows:
1、振动传感器81检测普通压力锅2产生的振动信号。1. The vibration sensor 81 detects a vibration signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2.
2、产生的振动信号通过放大模块82进行放大。2. The generated vibration signal is amplified by the amplification module 82.
3、经过放大模块82放大后的信号进入触发模块83,当信号的幅值或频率达到一定值时输出触发信号。3. The signal amplified by the amplification module 82 enters the trigger module 83, and outputs a trigger signal when the amplitude or frequency of the signal reaches a certain value.
4、触发模块83输出的信号进入微处理器89,微处理器89根据触发 信号判断是否排气。具体地,当触发模块83输出的信号的幅值在预定的幅值范围内、频率在预定频率范围内,且持续预定的时长时,则判定普通压力锅2发生排气。4. The signal output by the trigger module 83 enters the microprocessor 89, and the microprocessor 89 is triggered according to the trigger. The signal determines if it is vented. Specifically, when the amplitude of the signal output by the trigger module 83 is within a predetermined amplitude range and the frequency is within a predetermined frequency range and continues for a predetermined length of time, it is determined that the normal pressure cooker 2 is vented.
5、麦克风84感知普通压力锅2在喷气时产生的声音信号。5. The microphone 84 senses the sound signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2 during the jet.
6、产生的声音信号经过初级放大模块85进行放大。6. The generated sound signal is amplified by the primary amplification module 85.
7、经过初级放大模块85放大的信号输入滤波模块86滤波。由于排气时产生的声音信号的频率集中在2kHz-6kHz之间,因此滤波模块86优选为带通滤波模块,输出处在2kHz-6kHz之间的信号。7. The signal input filtering module 86 amplified by the primary amplification module 85 filters. Since the frequency of the sound signal generated during the exhaust is concentrated between 2 kHz and 6 kHz, the filter module 86 is preferably a band pass filter module that outputs a signal between 2 kHz and 6 kHz.
8、滤波后的信号经过次级放大模块87再次放大。8. The filtered signal is amplified again by the secondary amplification module 87.
9、次级放大模块87输出的信号经过AD采样模块88采样输入至微处理器89。9. The signal output by the secondary amplification module 87 is sampled and input to the microprocessor 89 via the AD sampling module 88.
10、微处理器89通过AD采样模块88的采样信号进行判断是否排气,判断方法为:对信号进行均值、极差、极值计算,通过分析计算得到的均值、极差、极值的变化来判断是否排气。具体地,当AD采样模块88输出的信号的频率在预定的频率内、幅值在预定的幅值范围内,且持续预定的时长时,则判定普通压力锅2发生排气。10. The microprocessor 89 determines whether or not to exhaust by the sampling signal of the AD sampling module 88. The determination method is: performing mean, range, and extreme value calculation on the signal, and calculating the mean, range, and extreme value changes. To determine whether to vent. Specifically, when the frequency of the signal output by the AD sampling module 88 is within a predetermined frequency and the amplitude is within a predetermined amplitude range for a predetermined period of time, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
11、微处理器89根据步骤4和步骤10的检测结果进行判断,只有当步骤4和步骤10均确定检测到普通压力锅2发生排气,且两者检测到的排气信号的时间间隔在预设间隔(优选为2s)之内时,才判定普通压力锅2发生排气。11. The microprocessor 89 judges according to the detection results of step 4 and step 10, and only when step 4 and step 10 determine that the exhaust gas of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is detected, and the time interval of the exhaust signals detected by the two is in advance. When the interval (preferably 2 s) is set, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
在微处理器89确定普通压力锅2发生排气后,统计普通压力锅2的排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对加热控制模块80的加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低加热控制模块80的加热功率。After the microprocessor 89 determines that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 has exhausted, the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is counted, and based on the cooking program selected by the user (corresponding to the dwell time, different cooking programs correspond to different guarantees) The pressing time, that is, corresponding to different target exhaust time durations or target exhaust times, controls the heating power of the heating control module 80, when the total exhaust time reaches the target exhaust time, or the total number of exhaust reaches the target exhaust At the time of the number, the heating power of the heating control module 80 is lowered.
其中,声音传感器111、振动传感器113分别与电控板之间的信号连接可以采用无线连接的方式,在此情况下,声音传感器111的安装位置将不限于图7中所示的位置,也可以安装在更靠近排气口的位置(如普通压力锅2的手柄24上或锅盖22上)。振动传感器113的安装位置将不限于 图7中所示的位置,也可以安装在普通压力锅2的本体上、面板13上或者电磁炉底盖14的支撑脚12上。The signal connection between the sound sensor 111 and the vibration sensor 113 and the electronic control board may be wirelessly connected. In this case, the installation position of the sound sensor 111 is not limited to the position shown in FIG. It is installed closer to the exhaust port (such as the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 or the lid 22). The mounting position of the vibration sensor 113 will not be limited The position shown in Fig. 7 can also be mounted on the body of the conventional pressure cooker 2, on the panel 13 or on the support legs 12 of the induction cooker bottom cover 14.
实施例四:Embodiment 4:
如图9所示,排气检测组件11为声音传感器111、振动传感器113及温度传感器112,声音传感器111、振动传感器113及温度传感器112通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的声音(如通过麦克风采集声音)、振动、温度变化来检测排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。其中,图9中所示的14为电磁炉底盖,12为电磁炉底盖的支撑脚。As shown in FIG. 9, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is a sound sensor 111, a vibration sensor 113, and a temperature sensor 112. The sound sensor 111, the vibration sensor 113, and the temperature sensor 112 sense the sound during the exhaust process of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 (eg, through a microphone). The sound is collected, the vibration and the temperature change are detected to detect the exhaust gas, and the exhaust signal is transmitted to the electric control board of the induction cooker 1, and the electronic control board controls the firepower of the induction cooker 1. Here, 14 shown in FIG. 9 is an induction cooker bottom cover, and 12 is a support leg of the induction cooker bottom cover.
在该实施例中,电控板的内部结构如图10所示,包括:放大模块10B,触发模块10C,初级放大模块10E,滤波模块10F,次级放大模块10G,第一AD采样模块10H,第二AD采样模块10J,微处理器10K,加热控制模块10L。其中,图10中所示的振动检测模块10A即为本发明中的振动传感器113,图10中所示的麦克风10D即为本发明中的声音传感器111,图10中所示的温度检测模块10I即为本发明中的温度传感器112。具体地,声音传感器111、振动传感器113、温度传感器112和电控板的工作原理如下:In this embodiment, the internal structure of the electronic control board is as shown in FIG. 10, and includes: an amplification module 10B, a trigger module 10C, a primary amplification module 10E, a filter module 10F, a secondary amplification module 10G, and a first AD sampling module 10H. The second AD sampling module 10J, the microprocessor 10K, and the heating control module 10L. The vibration detecting module 10A shown in FIG. 10 is the vibration sensor 113 in the present invention, and the microphone 10D shown in FIG. 10 is the sound sensor 111 in the present invention, and the temperature detecting module 10I shown in FIG. That is, the temperature sensor 112 in the present invention. Specifically, the working principle of the sound sensor 111, the vibration sensor 113, the temperature sensor 112, and the electronic control board is as follows:
1、振动传感器10A检测普通压力锅2产生的振动信号。1. The vibration sensor 10A detects a vibration signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2.
2、产生的振动信号通过放大模块10B进行放大。2. The generated vibration signal is amplified by the amplification module 10B.
3、放大后的信号进入触发模块10C,当信号的幅值或频率达到一定值时输出触发信号。3. The amplified signal enters the trigger module 10C, and outputs a trigger signal when the amplitude or frequency of the signal reaches a certain value.
4、触发模块10C输出的信号进入微处理器10K,微处理器10K根据触发信号判断是否排气。具体地,当触发模块10C输出的信号的幅值在预定的幅值范围内、频率在预定频率范围内,且持续预定的时长时,则判定普通压力锅2发生排气。4. The signal output from the trigger module 10C enters the microprocessor 10K, and the microprocessor 10K determines whether to exhaust according to the trigger signal. Specifically, when the amplitude of the signal output by the trigger module 10C is within a predetermined amplitude range and the frequency is within a predetermined frequency range and continues for a predetermined length of time, it is determined that the normal pressure cooker 2 is vented.
5、麦克风10D采集普通压力锅2在排气时产生的声音信号。5. The microphone 10D collects the sound signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2 during the exhaust.
6、麦克风10D采集到的声音信号经过初级放大模块10E进行放大。6. The sound signal collected by the microphone 10D is amplified by the primary amplification module 10E.
7、经初级放大模块10E放大后的信号输入滤波模块10F进行滤波。由于普通压力锅2排气时产生的声音信号的频率集中在2kHz-6kHz,因此滤波模块10F优选为带通滤波模块,输出处在2kHz-6kHz之间的信号。 7. The signal input filter module 10F amplified by the primary amplification module 10E performs filtering. Since the frequency of the sound signal generated when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted is concentrated at 2 kHz to 6 kHz, the filter module 10F is preferably a band pass filter module that outputs a signal between 2 kHz and 6 kHz.
8、滤波后的信号经过次级放大模块10G再次放大。8. The filtered signal is amplified again by the secondary amplification module 10G.
9、经过次级放大模块10G再次放大后的信号经过第一AD采样模块10H采样后输入微处理器10K。9. The signal amplified by the secondary amplification module 10G is sampled by the first AD sampling module 10H and input to the microprocessor 10K.
10、微处理器10K通过第一AD采样模块10H的采样信号进行判断是否排气,判断方法为:对信号进行均值、极差、极值计算,通过分析计算得到的均值、极差、极值的变化来判断是否排气。具体地,当第一AD采样模块10H输出的信号的频率在预定的频率内、幅值在预定的幅值范围内,且持续预定的时长时,判定普通压力锅2发生排气。10. The microprocessor 10K determines whether to exhaust by the sampling signal of the first AD sampling module 10H, and the determining method is: performing mean, range, and extreme value calculation on the signal, and calculating the mean, range, and extreme values obtained through analysis and calculation. Change to determine if the exhaust is exhausted. Specifically, when the frequency of the signal output by the first AD sampling module 10H is within a predetermined frequency and the amplitude is within a predetermined amplitude range for a predetermined period of time, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
11、温度检测模块10I(即温度传感器112)感知普通压力锅2产生的温度信号。11. The temperature detecting module 10I (ie, the temperature sensor 112) senses a temperature signal generated by the ordinary pressure cooker 2.
12、温度信号通过第二AD采样模块10J采样后送给微处理器10K,微处理器10K在确定第二AD采样模块10J输出的信号的幅值在预定的幅值范围内且持续预定的时长时,判定普通压力锅2发生排气。12. The temperature signal is sampled by the second AD sampling module 10J and sent to the microprocessor 10K. The microprocessor 10K determines that the amplitude of the signal output by the second AD sampling module 10J is within a predetermined amplitude range for a predetermined period of time. At the time, it is determined that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
13、微处理器10K根据步骤4、步骤10和步骤12的检测结果进行判断,只有当步骤4和步骤10均确定检测到普通压力锅2发生排气,且两者检测到的排气信号的时间间隔在预设间隔(优选为2s)之内,同时,步骤12也检测到普通压力锅2发生排气时,且两者检测到的排气信号的时间间隔在预设间隔之内,才判定普通压力锅2发生排气。13. The microprocessor 10K determines according to the detection results of step 4, step 10, and step 12, and only when step 4 and step 10 determine that the exhaust gas of the normal pressure cooker 2 is detected, and the exhaust signals detected by the two are detected. The interval is within a preset interval (preferably 2 s), and at the same time, step 12 also detects that the normal pressure cooker 2 is venting, and the time interval of the exhaust signals detected by the two is within a preset interval, and then the ordinary time is determined. The pressure cooker 2 is vented.
在微处理器10K确定普通压力锅2发生排气后,统计普通压力锅2的排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对加热控制模块10L的加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低加热控制模块10L的加热功率。After the microprocessor 10K determines that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented, the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is counted, and based on the cooking program selected by the user (corresponding to the dwell time, different cooking programs correspond to different guarantees The pressing time, that is, corresponding to different target exhaust time durations or target exhaust times, controls the heating power of the heating control module 10L, when the total exhaust time reaches the target exhaust time, or the total number of exhaust reaches the target exhaust At the time of the number, the heating power of the heating control module 10L is lowered.
其中,声音传感器111、振动传感器113、温度传感器112分别与电控板之间的信号连接可以采用无线连接的方式,在此情况下,声音传感器111的安装位置将不限于图9中所示的位置,也可以安装在更靠近排气口的位置(如普通压力锅2的手柄24上或锅盖22上)。振动传感器113的安装位置将不限于图9中所示的位置,也可以安装在普通压力锅2的本体上、面板13上或者电磁炉底盖14的支撑脚12上。温度传感器112的安 装位置将不限于图9中所示的位置,也可以安装在普通压力锅2的本体上,并且可以设置红外温度传感器来检测排气阀周围的温度信号,红外温度传感器具体可安装在电磁炉底盖14内。The signal connection between the sound sensor 111, the vibration sensor 113, and the temperature sensor 112 and the electronic control board may be wirelessly connected. In this case, the installation position of the sound sensor 111 is not limited to that shown in FIG. The position can also be mounted closer to the vent (such as on the handle 24 of the conventional pressure cooker 2 or on the lid 22). The mounting position of the vibration sensor 113 will not be limited to the position shown in FIG. 9, but may be mounted on the body of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, on the panel 13, or on the support leg 12 of the induction cooker bottom cover 14. Temperature sensor 112 The mounting position will not be limited to the position shown in FIG. 9, but may be installed on the body of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and an infrared temperature sensor may be provided to detect the temperature signal around the exhaust valve, and the infrared temperature sensor may be specifically mounted on the bottom cover of the induction cooker. 14 inside.
实施例五:Embodiment 5:
在该实施例中,排气检测组件11是温度传感器112,温度传感器112通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的温度变化来检测排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。其中温度传感器112可以是红外温度传感器或热敏温度传感器。In this embodiment, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is a temperature sensor 112. The temperature sensor 112 detects the exhaust gas by sensing the temperature change during the exhaust process of the common pressure cooker 2, and transmits the exhaust gas signal to the electronic control board of the induction cooker 1. The electric control board controls the firepower of the induction cooker 1. The temperature sensor 112 can be an infrared temperature sensor or a thermal temperature sensor.
如图11所示,红外温度传感器1121放置于电磁炉底盖14内,且设置在普通压力锅2在电磁炉上的投影范围之外能检测到排气温度变化的区域;透红外滤光片3嵌入在面板13上,并处于红外温度传感器1121的正上方,其作用为透过对应蒸汽波段的红外线,并滤除其他的光线;电磁炉1通过分析红外温度传感器1121检测到的温度变化信号,通过其变化量来判断普通压力锅2是否排气。As shown in FIG. 11, the infrared temperature sensor 1121 is placed in the induction cooker bottom cover 14 and is disposed outside the projection range of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 on the induction cooker to detect an area change of the exhaust gas temperature; the infrared ray filter 3 is embedded in The panel 13 is directly above the infrared temperature sensor 1121, and functions to transmit infrared rays corresponding to the steam band and filter out other light; the induction cooker 1 analyzes the temperature change signal detected by the infrared temperature sensor 1121 and changes through the same. The amount is used to judge whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted.
具体地,根据普朗克提出的黑体辐射定律,一切温度高于绝对零度的物体都在不停地向周围空间发出红外辐射能量,物体的红外辐射能量的大小及波长分布与其表面温度有着十分密切的关系,通过检测物体发出的红外线的波长,即可判断物体表面的温度。根据此原理,当普通压力锅2排气时,普通压力锅2周围喷出大量高温蒸汽,导致周围空气的温度场变化,继而引起周围的红外线变化,通过红外温度传感器1121检测来自高温蒸汽辐射的红外线,即可识别普通压力锅2是否排气。Specifically, according to Planck's law of blackbody radiation, all objects with temperatures above absolute zero are constantly emitting infrared radiation energy to the surrounding space. The magnitude and wavelength distribution of the infrared radiation energy of the object is very close to its surface temperature. The relationship between the surface of the object can be judged by detecting the wavelength of the infrared light emitted by the object. According to this principle, when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted, a large amount of high-temperature steam is sprayed around the ordinary pressure cooker 2, causing a change in the temperature field of the surrounding air, which in turn causes a change in the surrounding infrared rays, and infrared rays from the high-temperature steam radiation are detected by the infrared temperature sensor 1121. It is possible to identify whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented.
在确定普通压力锅2发生排气后,电控板统计普通压力锅2的排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对电磁炉1的加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低电磁炉1的加热功率。After determining that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented, the electric control panel counts the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and based on the cooking program selected by the user (corresponding to the dwell time, different cooking programs correspond to different holding pressures) The time, that is, the different target exhaust time or the number of target exhausts, is used to control the heating power of the induction cooker 1 when the total exhaust time reaches the target exhaust time, or when the total number of exhausts reaches the target exhaust number, The heating power of the induction cooker 1 is lowered.
此外,在该实施例中的另一种设置方式下还可以将检测普通压力锅2的排气温度的温度传感器(优选为红外温度传感器)活动设置在普通压力锅2上以普通压力锅的排气口为中心的预定区域内。具体如图12所示,可以将温度传感器112设置在普通压力锅2的手柄24上,并朝向普通压 力锅2的排气口。同时,温度传感器112可以通过无线连接的方式与电磁炉1相连,以便于电磁炉1根据温度传感器112检测到的排气温度的变化调整电磁炉的加热功率。In addition, in another arrangement in this embodiment, a temperature sensor (preferably an infrared temperature sensor) for detecting the exhaust gas temperature of the common pressure cooker 2 may be disposed on the ordinary pressure cooker 2 with the exhaust port of the ordinary pressure cooker as Within the predetermined area of the center. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 12, the temperature sensor 112 can be disposed on the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and is oriented toward the ordinary pressure. The exhaust port of the pressure cooker 2. At the same time, the temperature sensor 112 can be connected to the induction cooker 1 by way of wireless connection, so that the induction cooker 1 adjusts the heating power of the induction cooker according to the change of the exhaust gas temperature detected by the temperature sensor 112.
如图13所示,热敏温度传感器1122可以为一层测温的薄膜,紧挨着面板13安装,电磁炉1通过热敏温度传感器1122采集到的温度值,分析温度变化的趋势来判断普通压力锅2是否排气。热敏温度传感器1122还可以安装在所述线圈盘的中部,并贴紧所述面板13的下表面,通过有线方式与电控板连接。此外,热敏温度传感器1122可以制成无线传输的模式,贴在锅体的任意位置,通过无线的方式与电磁炉1连接。As shown in FIG. 13, the temperature sensitive temperature sensor 1122 can be a layer of temperature measuring film installed next to the panel 13, and the temperature value collected by the induction cooker 1 through the temperature sensor 1122 analyzes the trend of the temperature change to determine the ordinary pressure cooker. 2 Is it exhausted? The thermal temperature sensor 1122 can also be mounted in the middle of the coil disk and attached to the lower surface of the panel 13 to be connected to the electronic control board by wire. In addition, the thermal temperature sensor 1122 can be made into a wireless transmission mode, attached to any position of the pot body, and connected to the induction cooker 1 by wireless means.
具体地,根据理想气体状态方程,在其它条件保持不变的情况下,气体的温度与压力成正比,在普通压力锅2排气的过程中,锅内气体的压力迅速降低,气体的温度也随之降低,锅体的温度相应降低。在普通压力锅2排气前后,锅体温度处在一种相对稳定的状态,当普通压力锅2开始排气时,锅体温度会下降,此过程大致持续10s时间,随后温度又开始上升,且温度下降的幅值一般在4-6℃,通过识别温度信号中先下降再上升的趋势,结合判别下降的趋势是否10s左右以及下降的幅值是否在4-6℃来确定普通压力锅2是否排气。Specifically, according to the ideal gas state equation, the temperature of the gas is proportional to the pressure while the other conditions remain unchanged. During the exhaust of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, the pressure of the gas in the pot is rapidly lowered, and the temperature of the gas is also The lowering of the temperature of the pot body is correspondingly reduced. Before and after the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted, the temperature of the pot body is in a relatively stable state. When the ordinary pressure cooker 2 starts to exhaust, the temperature of the pot body will decrease, and the process lasts for about 10s, then the temperature starts to rise again, and the temperature The falling amplitude is generally 4-6 ° C, by identifying the trend of the temperature drop first and then rising, combined with whether the downward trend is about 10s and whether the falling amplitude is 4-6 ° C to determine whether the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted. .
在确定普通压力锅2发生排气后,电控板统计普通压力锅2的排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对电磁炉1的加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低电磁炉1的加热功率。After determining that the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is vented, the electric control panel counts the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and based on the cooking program selected by the user (corresponding to the dwell time, different cooking programs correspond to different holding pressures) The time, that is, the different target exhaust time or the number of target exhausts, is used to control the heating power of the induction cooker 1 when the total exhaust time reaches the target exhaust time, or when the total number of exhausts reaches the target exhaust number, The heating power of the induction cooker 1 is lowered.
实施例六:Example 6:
在该实施例中,排气检测组件11是振动传感器113,振动传感器113通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中的振动变化来检测排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。In this embodiment, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is a vibration sensor 113 that detects the exhaust gas by sensing the vibration change in the exhaust process of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and transmits the exhaust gas signal to the electronic control board of the induction cooker 1, The electric control board controls the firepower of the induction cooker 1.
如图14所示,振动传感器113紧挨着电磁炉1的面板13安装,振动传感器113检测到的信号经过放大后输入至电磁炉1的电控板,电控板通过读取到的振动信号确定是否有振动信号的出现。振动传感器113也可以设置在支撑脚12上。优选地,振动传感器113可以是应变片或者是麦克 风。应变片安装在支撑脚12的端部,麦克风安装在面板13上或者底盖14的侧壁上。由于电磁炉1上的振动是通过普通压力锅2传递过来的,因此振动传感器113安装在电磁炉1上的方式检测灵敏度要稍差,需要在电控板和振动传感器113之间设置放大模块和滤波模块,以提取有效的振动信号。振动传感器113安装在电磁炉1上,有利于振动传感器113通过有线方式向电控板传送数据,以及通过有线方式从电控板获取电力。As shown in FIG. 14, the vibration sensor 113 is mounted next to the panel 13 of the induction cooker 1, and the signal detected by the vibration sensor 113 is amplified and input to the electronic control board of the induction cooker 1, and the electronic control board determines whether the vibration signal is read by the vibration signal. There is a vibration signal. The vibration sensor 113 can also be disposed on the support leg 12. Preferably, the vibration sensor 113 may be a strain gauge or a microphone wind. The strain gauge is mounted at the end of the support leg 12, and the microphone is mounted on the panel 13 or on the side wall of the bottom cover 14. Since the vibration on the induction cooker 1 is transmitted through the ordinary pressure cooker 2, the detection sensitivity of the vibration sensor 113 mounted on the induction cooker 1 is slightly inferior, and an amplification module and a filter module need to be disposed between the electric control board and the vibration sensor 113. To extract an effective vibration signal. The vibration sensor 113 is mounted on the induction cooker 1, facilitating the vibration sensor 113 to transmit data to the electronic control board by wire, and to obtain power from the electronic control board by wire.
如图15所示,振动传感器113也可以活动设置在普通压力锅2上。这种安装方式能更加灵敏的感知普通压力锅2在振动时所发出的振动信号,但会存在供电和传送数据不便的问题。因此,优选的是将振动传感器113可以制成无线传输的模式,即通过无线的方式与电磁炉1连接。同时给振动传感器113配置独立的供电电源。As shown in FIG. 15, the vibration sensor 113 can also be movably disposed on the ordinary pressure cooker 2. This type of installation can more sensitively sense the vibration signal emitted by the ordinary pressure cooker 2 during vibration, but there is a problem that power supply and transmission of data are inconvenient. Therefore, it is preferable that the vibration sensor 113 can be made into a wireless transmission mode, that is, wirelessly connected to the induction cooker 1. At the same time, the vibration sensor 113 is provided with an independent power supply.
实施例七:Example 7:
在该实施例中,排气检测组件11为湿度传感器114,湿度传感器114通过感知普通压力锅2排气过程中排气口的空气湿度变化来检测排气,并将排气信号传递给电磁炉1的电控板,电控板来控制电磁炉1的火力大小。In this embodiment, the exhaust gas detecting component 11 is a humidity sensor 114 that detects the exhaust gas by sensing the change in the air humidity of the exhaust port during the exhaust process of the ordinary pressure cooker 2, and transmits the exhaust gas signal to the induction cooker 1 The electric control board and the electric control board control the firepower of the induction cooker 1.
如图16所示,湿度传感器114用于检测普通压力锅2的排气口周围的空气湿度信号,以感知普通压力锅2排气时的湿度变化。其中,湿度传感器114可以设置在普通压力锅2的排气口附近,如图16所示,可以将湿度传感器114可拆卸设置在普通压力锅2的手柄24上,并朝向普通压力锅2的排气口。优选地,湿度传感器114可以通过无线连接的方式与电磁炉1相连,以便于电磁炉1根据湿度传感器114检测到的排气信号的变化调整对普通压力锅的加热功率。此外,也可以将湿度传感器114设置在普通压力锅的锅盖22上。As shown in FIG. 16, the humidity sensor 114 is for detecting an air humidity signal around the exhaust port of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 to sense the humidity change when the ordinary pressure cooker 2 is exhausted. The humidity sensor 114 can be disposed near the exhaust port of the common pressure cooker 2. As shown in FIG. 16, the humidity sensor 114 can be detachably disposed on the handle 24 of the ordinary pressure cooker 2 and facing the exhaust port of the ordinary pressure cooker 2. Preferably, the humidity sensor 114 can be connected to the induction cooker 1 by means of a wireless connection, so that the induction cooker 1 adjusts the heating power to the ordinary pressure cooker according to the change of the exhaust gas signal detected by the humidity sensor 114. Further, the humidity sensor 114 may be disposed on the lid 22 of the ordinary pressure cooker.
在本发明的其它实施例中,加热设备也可以是燃气灶或者电烤盘。In other embodiments of the invention, the heating device may also be a gas stove or an electric baking pan.
上述实施例的技术方案使得加热设备(如电磁炉)能够自动判断烹饪器具(如普通压力锅)是否处在排气状态,并且能够统计烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数,并基于用户选择的烹饪程序(对应于保压时间,不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间,也即对应于不同的目标排气时长或目标排气次数)对加热火力进行控制,当排气总时长达到目标排气时长,或排 气总次数达到目标排气次数时,降低对烹饪器具的加热功率,实现了对烹饪器具的自动控制。可见,本发明的技术方案可以让使用者从繁重的烹饪家务中脱离出来,不再需要时刻关注烹饪器具的工作状况,同时可以避免因使用者疏忽而造成的安全隐患。The technical solution of the above embodiment enables the heating device (such as the induction cooker) to automatically judge whether the cooking appliance (such as a common pressure cooker) is in an exhaust state, and can count the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance, and based on the cooking selected by the user. The program (corresponding to the dwell time, different cooking programs correspond to different dwell time, that is, corresponding to different target exhaust time or target exhaust times), the heating power is controlled, and when the total exhaust time reaches the target row Gas length, or row When the total number of gas reaches the target number of exhausts, the heating power to the cooking appliance is lowered, and automatic control of the cooking appliance is realized. It can be seen that the technical solution of the present invention can let the user get rid of the heavy cooking chores, and no longer need to pay attention to the working condition of the cooking utensils at the same time, and can avoid the safety hazard caused by the negligence of the user.
图17示出了根据本发明的实施例的加热设备的烹饪方法的示意流程图,在该实施例中,加热设备包括加热组件、排气检测组件和电控板。Figure 17 shows a schematic flow diagram of a cooking method of a heating apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, in which the heating apparatus includes a heating assembly, an exhaust gas detecting assembly, and an electrical control board.
如图17所示,根据本发明的实施例的加热设备的烹饪方法,包括:As shown in FIG. 17, a cooking method of a heating apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes:
步骤S170,在加热组件对烹饪器具进行加热的过程中,排气检测组件检测所述烹饪器具的排气信号。Step S170, the exhaust gas detecting component detects an exhaust signal of the cooking appliance during heating of the cooking appliance by the heating component.
步骤S172,电控板根据所述排气检测组件检测的所述排气信号统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数。Step S172, the electronic control board counts the exhaust time or the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance according to the exhaust signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component.
步骤S174,所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。其中,加热参数包括:加热功率。Step S174, the electronic control panel adjusts the heating parameter of the heating component according to a cooking program selected by the user to control the total exhaust time or the total number of exhaust gases of the cooking appliance. Wherein, the heating parameters include: heating power.
由于不同的烹饪程序对应的保压时间不同,如煮饭程序和煲汤程序对应的保压时间是不一样的,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气次数或排气时长是正相关关系,即烹饪器具的排气次数越大或排气时长越长,保压时间越长,因此在本发明的一个实施例中,步骤S174具体包括:电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时长,确定所述烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数;根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数。Since different cooking procedures have different dwell times, for example, the dwell time corresponding to the cooking process and the soup process is different, and the dwell time is positively related to the number of exhausts of the cooking appliance or the exhaust time, that is, cooking. The greater the number of exhausts of the appliance or the longer the length of the exhaust, the longer the pressure holding time. Therefore, in an embodiment of the present invention, the step S174 specifically includes: the duration of the holding of the electronic control panel according to the cooking program selected by the user. Determining a target exhaust duration or a target number of exhausts of the cooking appliance; adjusting a heating parameter of the heating assembly according to the target exhaust duration or the number of target exhausts.
其中,根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数的步骤,具体包括:所述电控板在所述烹饪器具的排气总时长达到所述目标排气时长,或在所述烹饪器具的排气总次数达到所述目标排气次数后,降低所述加热组件的加热功率。The step of adjusting the heating parameter of the heating component according to the target exhaust time duration or the target exhaust time, specifically includes: the total exhaust time of the electronic control panel in the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust time duration Or reducing the heating power of the heating assembly after the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance reaches the target number of exhausts.
在图17所示的加热设备的烹饪方法中,由于不同的食材在烹饪过程中的保压时间不同,而保压时间与烹饪器具的排气时长和排气次数之间存在相关关系,因此电控板通过根据用户选择的烹饪程序(不同的烹饪程序对应于不同的保压时间)调节加热组件的加热参数,使得加热设备能够自动根据用户选择的烹饪程序对加热组件的加热参数进行调整,以对烹饪过 程的保压时间进行控制,进而能够实现自动烹饪的功能,解决了用户在使用烹饪器具,尤其是非智能的烹饪器具(如普通压力锅)时,需要时刻关注烹饪器具的工作状况的问题,不仅节省了用户的烹饪时间,而且能够辅助用户(尤其是烹饪经验不足的用户)进行烹饪,极大地提升了用户的使用体验。In the cooking method of the heating device shown in FIG. 17, since the different holding materials have different holding pressures during the cooking process, and there is a correlation between the dwell time and the exhaust time and the number of exhausts of the cooking utensils, The control panel adjusts the heating parameter of the heating component according to a cooking program selected by the user (the different cooking program corresponds to different holding time), so that the heating device can automatically adjust the heating parameter of the heating component according to the cooking program selected by the user, For cooking The pressure holding time of the process is controlled, thereby realizing the function of automatic cooking, and solving the problem that the user needs to pay attention to the working condition of the cooking appliance at all times when using the cooking utensils, especially the non-smart cooking utensils (such as ordinary pressure cooker), not only saving The user's cooking time, and can help the user (especially the user with insufficient cooking experience) to cook, greatly improving the user experience.
以下列举本发明上述方案的应用场景:The following application scenarios of the above solution of the present invention are listed:
应用场景一:Application scenario 1:
在该场景中,可以通过统计排气次数来实现烹饪控制。此方法尤其适合于煮饭等需要较短保压时间的烹饪程序,以下以煮饭为例详细进行说明:In this scenario, cooking control can be achieved by counting the number of exhausts. This method is especially suitable for cooking programs that require a shorter dwell time, such as cooking, and the following is a detailed description of cooking:
用户选择快速煮饭功能,并且选择了烹饪口感(包括偏硬、适中、偏软口感)。其中,对于通常的压力锅,偏软口感优选对应1-2次排气,偏硬口感优选对应6-7次排气,适中口感优选对应3-5次排气。The user selects the fast cooking function and selects the cooking taste (including a hard, moderate, soft mouthfeel). Among them, in a normal pressure cooker, the soft mouth feel preferably corresponds to 1-2 times of exhaust, the hard taste is preferably 6-7 times, and the moderate mouth feel preferably corresponds to 3-5 times of exhaust.
以用户选择适中口感(本例中适中口感对应3次排气)为例对煮饭过程进行说明:当用户启动煮饭功能且选择适中口感后,电磁炉对压力锅进行加热,初始的加热功率为1200W,当压力锅内的压力增加到一定程度后,压力锅开始排气。当检测到压力锅排气后,电磁炉将检测到的排气次数与设定口感对应排气次数(本例为3次)进行比较,当两者相等时,电磁炉自动降低加热功率,如本例中将功率降为500W,进入保温阶段,并通过响铃等方式提醒用户煮饭完成。同时,压力锅由于没有足够的加热功率,锅内压力会逐渐降低,排气终止,但会保持一定的温度进行保温。Take the user's choice of moderate taste (in this case, the moderate mouthfeel corresponds to 3 times of exhaust) as an example to describe the cooking process: When the user starts the cooking function and selects a moderate taste, the induction cooker heats the pressure cooker, and the initial heating power is 1200W. When the pressure in the pressure cooker increases to a certain extent, the pressure cooker begins to vent. When the pressure cooker is detected, the induction cooker compares the detected number of exhausts with the set number of exhausts corresponding to the set mouth (three times in this example). When the two are equal, the induction cooker automatically reduces the heating power, as in this example. Reduce the power to 500W, enter the insulation stage, and remind the user to complete the cooking by ringing. At the same time, because the pressure cooker does not have enough heating power, the pressure in the pot will gradually decrease, the exhaust will be terminated, but the temperature will be maintained at a certain temperature.
应用场景二:Application scenario 2:
在该场景中,可以通过统计排气时间来实现烹饪控制。此方法尤其适合于煲汤、炖煮等保压时间较长的烹饪过程,如排骨、牛肉、鸡肉等食材等通常在高压锅排气启压后,还需保压10-15分钟,以下以炖排骨为例详细进行说明:In this scenario, cooking control can be achieved by counting the exhaust time. This method is especially suitable for soups, stews and other cooking processes with long holding time. For example, pork ribs, beef, chicken and other ingredients are usually pressed in the pressure cooker, and pressure is required for 10-15 minutes. For details, please explain:
当用户启动炖排骨功能时,电磁炉对压力锅进行加热,加热功率优选1200W,当压力锅内压力增加到一定程度后,压力锅开始排气。当检测到压力锅排气1次后,烹饪程序立即进入保压阶段,电磁炉自动调节加热功率为1000W,并启动保压时间计时,压力锅在1000W加热功率下,继续 排气-保压过程,当统计的保压时间达到炖排骨设定的保压时间时(本例为10分钟),电磁炉自动停止对压力锅的加热,并通过响铃等方式提醒用户烹饪完成,当然也可以进入保温阶段。When the user activates the stew ribs function, the induction cooker heats the pressure cooker, and the heating power is preferably 1200 W. When the pressure in the pressure cooker increases to a certain extent, the pressure cooker starts to vent. When the pressure cooker is detected for 1 time, the cooking program immediately enters the pressure holding stage, the induction cooker automatically adjusts the heating power to 1000W, and starts the dwell time, and the pressure cooker continues at 1000W heating power. During the exhaust-pressure-holding process, when the statistical dwell time reaches the dwell time set by the stewed pork ribs (in this example, 10 minutes), the induction cooker automatically stops heating the pressure cooker and reminds the user to complete the cooking by ringing. Of course, you can also enter the insulation phase.
本领域技术人员需要注意的是:上述应用场景一和应用场景二中的具体数值仅为示例,并不做具体限定,在本发明的其它实施例中,可以根据实际情况进行调整。It should be noted that the specific values in the application scenario 1 and the application scenario 2 are only examples, and are not specifically limited. In other embodiments of the present invention, adjustments may be made according to actual conditions.
同时,加热设备在对烹饪器具的加热过程中,既可以通过统计烹饪器具的排气次数来对加热火力进行调整,也可以通过统计烹饪器具的排气时长来对加热火力进行调整。即上述应用场景一中并不限于通过统计排气次数来进行加热控制,也可以通过统计排气时长来进行加热控制;上述应用场景二中并不限于通过统计排气时长来进行加热控制,也可以通过统计排气次数来进行加热控制。At the same time, during the heating process of the cooking appliance, the heating device can adjust the heating firepower by counting the number of exhausting of the cooking appliance, or can adjust the heating firepower by counting the exhausting time of the cooking appliance. That is to say, in the above application scenario 1, the heating control is not limited to the counting of the number of exhausts, and the heating control may be performed by counting the exhaust time; in the second application scenario, the heating control is not limited to the statistical exhaust time. Heating control can be performed by counting the number of exhausts.
尽管以上已出于理解明晰性的目的通过说明和举例方式较详细地对本发明加以描述,但显而易见的是,本领域普通技术人员鉴于本发明的教义可在不脱离随附条款的精神或范围下对本发明进行一些变化和修改。可以理解,本文所用术语仅用于说明具体实施方式,其不用于显示本发明的范围。Although the present invention has been described in detail by way of illustration and example embodiments of the present invention, it will be understood that Some variations and modifications of the invention are possible. It is understood that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of illustration and description,
以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 The above description is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes can be made to the present invention. Any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and scope of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种加热设备,其特征在于,包括:A heating device, comprising:
    加热组件,用于对烹饪器具进行加热;a heating assembly for heating the cooking appliance;
    排气检测组件,用于检测所述烹饪器具的排气信号;An exhaust gas detecting component for detecting an exhaust signal of the cooking appliance;
    电控板,连接至所述加热组件和所述排气检测组件,用于根据所述排气检测组件检测到的所述排气信号统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数,并根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。An electric control panel connected to the heating assembly and the exhaust gas detecting assembly for counting an exhaust gas duration or an exhausting number of the cooking appliance according to the exhaust gas signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component, and The heating parameters of the heating assembly are adjusted according to a cooking program selected by the user to control the total duration of exhaust or the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的加热设备,其特征在于,所述电控板包括:The heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the electronic control board comprises:
    排气判断模块,用于根据所述排气检测组件检测到的所述排气信号判断所述烹饪器具是否发生排气;An exhaust gas judging module, configured to determine whether the cooking appliance is vented according to the exhaust signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component;
    排气统计模块,用于在所述排气判断模块判定所述烹饪器具发生排气后,统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数;An exhaust gas statistic module, configured to count an exhaust gas duration or a number of exhaust times of the cooking appliance after the exhaust gas determination module determines that the cooking appliance generates exhaust gas;
    指令接收模块,用于接收用户选择的烹饪程序;An instruction receiving module, configured to receive a cooking program selected by a user;
    加热参数调节模块,用于根据所述用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。The heating parameter adjustment module is configured to adjust a heating parameter of the heating assembly according to the cooking program selected by the user to control a total exhaust time or a total number of exhaust times of the cooking appliance.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的加热设备,其特征在于,所述加热参数调节模块具体用于:The heating device according to claim 2, wherein the heating parameter adjustment module is specifically configured to:
    根据所述用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时长,确定所述烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数;Determining a target exhaust time duration or a target exhaust gas number of the cooking appliance according to a dwell duration corresponding to the cooking program selected by the user;
    根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数。The heating parameter of the heating assembly is adjusted based on the target exhaust duration or the number of target exhausts.
  4. 根据权利要求1至3中任一项所述的加热设备,其特征在于,所述排气检测组件包括以下任一或多个传感器的组合:The heating apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the exhaust gas detecting assembly comprises a combination of any one or more of the following:
    声音传感器、振动传感器、温度传感器、湿度传感器、图像检测模块。 Sound sensor, vibration sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, image detection module.
  5. 根据权利要求1至3中任一项所述的加热设备,其特征在于,所述加热设备为电磁炉、燃气灶或者电烤盘。The heating device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the heating device is an induction cooker, a gas stove or an electric baking pan.
  6. 根据权利要求1至3中任一项所述的加热设备,其特征在于,所述烹饪器具为压力锅,所述压力锅包括锅体、封盖锅体的锅盖,设置在锅盖上的排气阀,以及套设在排气阀上的重锤。The heating apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the cooking appliance is a pressure cooker, and the pressure cooker comprises a pot body, a lid of the lid body, and an exhaust gas disposed on the pot lid Valve, and the weight that is placed on the exhaust valve.
  7. 一种烹饪装置,其特征在于,包括:A cooking device, comprising:
    烹饪器具;以及Cooking utensils;
    如权利要求1至6中任一项所述的加热设备。A heating apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
  8. 一种加热设备的烹饪方法,其特征在于,所述加热设备包括加热组件、排气检测组件和电控板,所述加热设备的烹饪方法,包括:A cooking method of a heating device, characterized in that the heating device comprises a heating component, an exhaust gas detecting component and an electric control panel, and the cooking method of the heating device comprises:
    在所述加热组件对烹饪器具进行加热的过程中,所述排气检测组件检测所述烹饪器具的排气信号;The exhaust gas detecting component detects an exhaust signal of the cooking appliance during heating of the cooking appliance by the heating assembly;
    所述电控板根据所述排气检测组件检测的所述排气信号统计所述烹饪器具的排气时长或排气次数;The electric control panel counts an exhaust gas duration or a number of exhaust times of the cooking appliance according to the exhaust signal detected by the exhaust gas detecting component;
    所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数,以对所述烹饪器具的排气总时长或排气总次数进行控制。The electric control panel adjusts heating parameters of the heating assembly according to a cooking program selected by a user to control the total exhaust time or the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的加热设备的烹饪方法,其特征在于,所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序调节所述加热组件的加热参数的步骤,具体包括:The cooking method of the heating device according to claim 8, wherein the step of adjusting the heating parameter of the heating component according to a cooking program selected by the user comprises:
    所述电控板根据用户选择的烹饪程序对应的保压时长,确定所述烹饪器具的目标排气时长或目标排气次数;Determining, by the electronic control board, a target exhaust time duration or a target exhaust time of the cooking appliance according to a holding duration corresponding to a cooking program selected by the user;
    根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数。The heating parameter of the heating assembly is adjusted based on the target exhaust duration or the number of target exhausts.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的加热设备的烹饪方法,其特征在于,根据所述目标排气时长或目标排气次数调节所述加热组件的加热参数的步骤,具体包括:The cooking method of the heating device according to claim 9, wherein the step of adjusting the heating parameter of the heating component according to the target exhaust gas duration or the target exhaust gas number comprises:
    所述电控板在所述烹饪器具的排气总时长达到所述目标排气时长,或在所述烹饪器具的排气总次数达到所述目标排气次数后,降低所述加热组件的加热功率。 Reducing heating of the heating assembly after the total exhaust time of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust time, or after the total number of exhausts of the cooking appliance reaches the target exhaust number power.
PCT/CN2016/105145 2016-06-06 2016-11-09 Heating device, cooking apparatus, and cooking method using heating device WO2017211045A1 (en)

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