USRE35141E - Substrate bias generating circuit - Google Patents

Substrate bias generating circuit Download PDF

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Publication number
USRE35141E
USRE35141E US08/142,931 US14293193A USRE35141E US RE35141 E USRE35141 E US RE35141E US 14293193 A US14293193 A US 14293193A US RE35141 E USRE35141 E US RE35141E
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
iaddend
iadd
substrate bias
capacitor
bias generating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US08/142,931
Inventor
Hideyuki Ozaki
Kazuyasu Fujishima
Kazuhiro Shimotori
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Mitsubishi Electric Corp
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Mitsubishi Electric Corp
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Publication date
Priority to JP56204658A priority Critical patent/JPS632151B2/ja
Priority to JP56-204658 priority
Priority to US06/439,215 priority patent/US4455628A/en
Application filed by Mitsubishi Electric Corp filed Critical Mitsubishi Electric Corp
Priority to US08/142,931 priority patent/USRE35141E/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USRE35141E publication Critical patent/USRE35141E/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C5/00Details of stores covered by G11C11/00
    • G11C5/14Power supply arrangements, e.g. Power down/chip (de)selection, layout of wiring/power grids, multiple supply levels
    • G11C5/145Applications of charge pumps ; Boosted voltage circuits ; Clamp circuits therefor
    • G11C5/146Substrate bias generators
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05FSYSTEMS FOR REGULATING ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G05F3/00Non-retroactive systems for regulating electric variables by using an uncontrolled element, or an uncontrolled combination of elements, such element or such combination having self-regulating properties
    • G05F3/02Regulating voltage or current
    • G05F3/08Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable is dc
    • G05F3/10Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable is dc using uncontrolled devices with non-linear characteristics
    • G05F3/16Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable is dc using uncontrolled devices with non-linear characteristics being semiconductor devices
    • G05F3/20Regulating voltage or current wherein the variable is dc using uncontrolled devices with non-linear characteristics being semiconductor devices using diode- transistor combinations
    • G05F3/205Substrate bias-voltage generators
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C11/00Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor
    • G11C11/21Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements
    • G11C11/34Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements using semiconductor devices
    • G11C11/40Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements using semiconductor devices using transistors
    • G11C11/401Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using electric elements using semiconductor devices using transistors forming cells needing refreshing or charge regeneration, i.e. dynamic cells
    • G11C11/4063Auxiliary circuits, e.g. for addressing, decoding, driving, writing, sensing or timing
    • G11C11/407Auxiliary circuits, e.g. for addressing, decoding, driving, writing, sensing or timing for memory cells of the field-effect type
    • G11C11/4074Power supply or voltage generation circuits, e.g. bias voltage generators, substrate voltage generators, back-up power, power control circuits

Abstract

The disclosure described a substrate bias generating circuit in which an internal RAS (Row Address Strobe) signal and an internal CAS (Column Address Strobe) signal, both of which are synchronized with an external RAS signal and external CAS supplied from outside in addition to self-oscillator, activate circuits .[.comprising.]. .Iadd.including .Iaddend.capacitors and rectifying elements respectively so as to reduce wattage dissipation thereof during holding time of RAM and be obtained increased charge pump current during operation thereof.

Description

The present invention relates to a substrate bias generating circuit for an address multiplex type dynamic MOS random access memory.

FIG. 1 shows a conventional substrate bias generating circuit for an address multiplex type dynamic MOS random access memory.

In the above device, reference numeral 1 identifies a capacitor one of which electrode is connected with an output of a self-oscillator 10. Reference numeral 2 identifies an output terminal of substrate bias generating circuit and reference numerals 3 identifies a MOS transistor. Both drain electrode and gate electrode of MOS transistor 3 are connected with output terminal 2 whereas the source electrode of MOS transistor 3 is connected with the other electrode 4 of capacitor 1. Both drain electrode and gate electrode of a MOS transistor 5 are connected with node 4.

Whereas a source electrode thereof is grounded. A ring oscillator which comprises an odd number of inverters connected in series with each other can be adopted as an embodiment of self-oscillator shown in FIG. 2. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, an amplitude of output is able to be obtained by the expression Vcc-VT (V) in which Vcc indicates an electrode voltage and VT indicates a threshold voltage of MOS transistor comprising a substrate bias generating circuit. However, an output buffer circuit or a device comprising ED will be applied to obtain an amplitude of output of which potential is Vcc(V).

An operation of substrate bias generating circuit is illustrated hereinafter by using FIG. 1 and FIG. 3 which shows variations of nodes included in the circuit shown in FIG. 1.

Self-oscillator 10 oscillates under the amplitude from O(V) to Vcc(V). At this point, potential at node 4 changes because of capacitive coupling of capacitor 1. In this condition, when the potential of node 4 becomes more than threshold voltage VT (V) of transistor 5,H level of node 4 is clamped at potential VT (V) so as to conduct transistor 5. Thus, the potential at node 4 changes into negative by value -Vcc(V) so that the lowest potential at node 4 becomes a value corresponding to the expression VT -Vcc(V). Consequently, output terminal 2 of substrate bias generating circuit reaches a potential which is higher than that of node 4 by threshold voltage VT and finally, the potential at output terminal 2 becomes to indicate a value corresponding to the expression 2VT -Vcc(V).

When potential at output terminal 2 of substrate bias generating circuit is zero(0) V, a charge pump current flowing in transistor 3 is obtained by the following equation:

i=f·C·V                                  (1)

f: oscillation frequency of self-oscillator 10

C: capacity of capacitor 1

V: output amplitude of self-oscillator 10

Thus, it is apparent from the above equation that charge pump current i would be increased by making the oscillation frequency of self-oscillator 10 higher, making output amplitude thereof larger or making capacity of capacitor 1 larger. However, it is necessary to select one of the three ways illustrated above in order to improve the activation ability relative to a load of capacitor or to increase a rate of switching in each state of inverters included in self-oscillator 10 shown in FIG. 2. And that, wattage dissipation should be increased in self-oscillator 10.

Recently, as microminiaturized MOS transistors, it appears a big problem in MOS transistors that substrate current is increased by diffusion of holes over substrate, which are generated in the high electric field around drain in MOS transistor, so as to reduce substrate bias potential. However, conventional substrate bias generating circuit as illustrated above has dissadvantages such that wattage dissipation in self-oscillator should be increased in order to increase charge pump current whereas wattage dissipation should be maintained at low level during holding time thereof, particularly in dynamic random access memory and so forth so that it is impossible to resolve the above contradication by making use of conventional ways.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a substrate bias generating circuit in which an internal RAS (Row Address Strobe) signal and an internal CAS (Column Address Strobe) signal, both of which are synchronized with an external RAS signal and an external CAS supplied from outside in addition of self-oscillator, activate circuits comprising capacitors and rectifying elements respectively so as to reduce wattage dissipation thereof during holding time of RAM and be obtained increased charge pump current during operation thereof.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiment of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a conventional substrate bias generating circuit diagram,

FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of self-oscillator used in the circuit shown in FIG. 1,

FIG. 3 is a view showing waveforms of potentials at various nodes in the substrate bias generating circuit shown in FIG. 1,

FIG. 4 is a substrate bias generating circuit diagram according to the present invention,

FIG. 5 is a view showing waveforms of potentials at various nodes in the substrate bias generating circuit shown in FIG. 4,

FIGS. 6 and 7 are views showing the timing relationship between Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS used to illustrate various operation modes of dynamic type RAM.

In FIG. 4 self-oscillator 10 is a conventional type thereof and RAS buffer circuit 20 generates various clocks which are applied in RAM to synchronize with external RAS signal (Ext, RAS) while CAS buffer circuit 30 generates various clocks which are used in RAM to synchronize with external CAS signal (Ext, CAS). Reference numerals 101, 108 and 113 identify capacitors and reference numerals 102 indicates output terminal of substrate bias generating circuit according to the present invention. Reference numerals 103 and 105 indicate MOS transistors comprising a rectifier circuit. RAS signal being in phase with Ext, RAS and RAS signal being in opposite phase with Ext, RAS, both of which are generated in RAS buffer circuit 20, are respectively introduced into gates of a buffer circuit comprising MOS transistor 106 and 107. Output of the buffer circuit is in connection with the one electrode of capacitor 108 whereas the other electrode thereof is in connection with a rectifier circuit comprising MOS transistors 109 and 110. CAS signal being in phase with Ext, CAS and CAS signal being in opposite phase with Ext, CAS, both of which are generated in CAS buffer circuit 30 are respectively entered into a buffer circuit comprising MOS transistors 111 and 112. Output of the buffer circuit is in connection with the one electrode of capacitor 113 whereas the other electrode thereof is in connection with a rectifier circuit comprising MOS transistors 114 and 115.

An operation of substrate bias generation device according to the present invention is illustrated with referring to FIG. 5. Suppose inputs of Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS are applied as shown in FIG. 5. Output φ of self-oscillator 10 is periodically generated without regarding to these external signals. Internal signals RAS and RAS in RAS buffer circuit 20 are generated slightly behind Ext,, RAS signal. Thus, output from the buffer circuit comprising MOS transistors 106 and 107 forms a waveform like A shown in FIG. 5. Likewise, output through circuit 30 from the buffer circuits comprising MOS transistors 111 and 112 makes a waveform like B shown in FIG. 5. Consequently electric current i passed through output terminal 102 of substrate bias generating circuit is the sum of charge pump current i1 generated by capacitor 101 and rectifier circuit both of which are activated by self-oscillator 10, charge pump current i2 generated by capacitor 106 and rectifier circuit both of which are driven by signals through RAS line and charge pump current i3 generated by capacitor 113 and rectifier circuit both of which are activated by signal through CAS line so as to be able to obtain a large charge pump current.

In dynamic type random access memory, there are various types of operation modes depending on signals given by Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS. In general, relationship for timing between Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS shown in FIG. 6 is called RAS only refresh mode in which memory cell is refreshed by way of changing "H"→"L"→"H"→"L" as to Ext, RAS with sustaining Ext, CAS at "H". In this case, according to the present invention, all charge pump current is the sum of charge pump current i1 from self-oscillator and charge pump current i2 based on signal from RAS line. Relationship for timing between Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS shown in FIG. 7 is called a nibble mode or a page mode of type which can read the data out at high rate by changing "H"→"L"→"H"→"L" as to Ext, CAS with maintaining Ext, RAS at "L". In this case, total charge pump current becomes the sum of charge pump current i.sub. 1 from self-oscillator and charge pump current i3 based on signal from CAS line.

Thus, according to the present invention, it is possible to obtain a large quantity of charge pump current in any operation mode by way of generating charge pump current based on internal signal which is synchronized with both Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS.

In the embodiment, only one charge pump circuit is shown to be activated by signals from RAS line and CAS line respectively. However, it is possible to provide a plurality of charge pump circuits on any places on the semiconductor device on which these signal lines and power line are available so as to be able to obtain more large charge current.

Furthermore, in the embodiment, the expression Vcc-VT (V) indicates an amplitude of waveform of A and B made by signals from RAS line and CAS line. However, the amplitude can become Vcc(V) by way of raising the potentials of signals, which are introduced into MOS transistor 106 and 111 shown in FIG. 4, more than a value obtained by the expression Vcc+VT (V) so as to be able to gain larger charge pump current.

As illustrated above, in addition to a substrate bias generating circuit with regard to the self-oscillator, other substrate bias generating circuits driven by internal clock pulses synchronized with signals of Ext, RAS and Ext, CAS are provided so that power consumption is reduced during holding time of RAM and large charge pump current applicable to various operation modes of random access memory is able to obtain during operation time thereof.

Claims (4)

We claim:
1. A substrate bias generating device included in a dynamic type random access memory, comprising:
a self-oscillator generating a periodic output;
a first capacitor having a first electrode connected with an output terminal of said self-oscillator;
a first rectifier circuit having a first terminal connected with a second electrode of said first capacitor and a second terminal which is connected with .[.said.]. .Iadd.an .Iaddend.output terminal .Iadd.of said substrate bias generating device.Iaddend.;
a charge pump circuit of RAS line including a second capacitor having a first electrode which receives a signal synchronized with an external RAS signal supplied from outside to said random access memory, and a second rectifier circuit having a first terminal connected with a second electrode of said second capacitor and a second terminal which is connected with .[.said.]. .Iadd.the .Iaddend.output terminal .Iadd.of said substrate bias generating device.Iaddend.; and
a charge pump circuit of CAS line including a third capacitor having a first electrode which receives a signal synchronized with an external CAS signal supplied from outside to said random access memory, and a third rectifier circuit having a first terminal connected with a second electrode of said third capacitor and a .[.third.]. .Iadd.second .Iaddend.terminal which is connected with .[.said.]. .Iadd.the .Iaddend.output terminal .Iadd.of said substrate bias generating device.Iaddend..
2. A substrate bias generating device as set forth in claim 1, wherein, each of said first rectifier circuit, said second rectifier circuit and said third rectifier circuit comprises a pair of MOS transistors in series in which .[.both.]. .Iadd.the .Iaddend.drain electrode of one of said MOS transistors .[.are.]. .Iadd.is .Iaddend.connected with .[.said.]. .Iadd.the .Iaddend.output terminal .Iadd.of said substrate bias generating device .Iaddend.and said other.]. .Iadd.second .Iaddend..[.electrodes.]. .Iadd.electrode .Iaddend.of each of said first capacitor, said second capacitor and said third capacitor being connected at a node with which said pair of MOS transistors are connected.
3. A substrate bias generating device as set forth in claim 1, wherein; said signal synchronized with said external RAS signal being delayed from said external RAS signal and said signal synchronized with said external CAS signal being delayed from said external CAS signal.
4. A substrate bias generating device as set forth in claim 1, wherein; a plurality of said charge pump circuits of RAS line and said charge pump circuits of CAS line are provided therein.
US08/142,931 1981-12-17 1993-10-29 Substrate bias generating circuit Expired - Lifetime USRE35141E (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP56204658A JPS632151B2 (en) 1981-12-17 1981-12-17
JP56-204658 1981-12-17
US06/439,215 US4455628A (en) 1981-12-17 1982-11-04 Substrate bias generating circuit
US08/142,931 USRE35141E (en) 1981-12-17 1993-10-29 Substrate bias generating circuit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/142,931 USRE35141E (en) 1981-12-17 1993-10-29 Substrate bias generating circuit

Related Parent Applications (1)

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US06/439,215 Reissue US4455628A (en) 1981-12-17 1982-11-04 Substrate bias generating circuit

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USRE35141E true USRE35141E (en) 1996-01-09

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US06/439,215 Expired - Lifetime US4455628A (en) 1981-12-17 1982-11-04 Substrate bias generating circuit
US08/142,931 Expired - Lifetime USRE35141E (en) 1981-12-17 1993-10-29 Substrate bias generating circuit

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US06/439,215 Expired - Lifetime US4455628A (en) 1981-12-17 1982-11-04 Substrate bias generating circuit

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US (2) US4455628A (en)
JP (1) JPS632151B2 (en)
DE (1) DE3244327C2 (en)
GB (1) GB2111336B (en)

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US6275096B1 (en) * 1999-12-14 2001-08-14 International Business Machines Corporation Charge pump system having multiple independently activated charge pumps and corresponding method
US6278317B1 (en) 1999-10-29 2001-08-21 International Business Machines Corporation Charge pump system having multiple charging rates and corresponding method

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3244327A1 (en) 1983-06-30
GB2111336B (en) 1985-03-27
JPS632151B2 (en) 1988-01-18
DE3244327C2 (en) 1986-02-20
US4455628A (en) 1984-06-19
JPS58105563A (en) 1983-06-23
GB2111336A (en) 1983-06-29

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