US2550945A - Building block - Google Patents

Building block Download PDF

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Publication number
US2550945A
US2550945A US81368A US8136849A US2550945A US 2550945 A US2550945 A US 2550945A US 81368 A US81368 A US 81368A US 8136849 A US8136849 A US 8136849A US 2550945 A US2550945 A US 2550945A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
building
exterior
walls
exterior walls
building block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US81368A
Inventor
Steinhage Heinrich
Steinhage Gerhard
Harburg Krieis
Wetzels Hubert Joseph
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LIVING STONE ESTABLISHMENT
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LIVING STONE ESTABLISHMENT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Priority to FR2550945X priority Critical
Application filed by LIVING STONE ESTABLISHMENT filed Critical LIVING STONE ESTABLISHMENT
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2550945A publication Critical patent/US2550945A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/40Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts
    • E04C1/41Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts composed of insulating material and load-bearing concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/28Walls having cavities between, but not in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts kept in distance by means of spacers, all parts being solid
    • E04B2/36Walls having cavities between, but not in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts kept in distance by means of spacers, all parts being solid using elements having a general shape differing from that of a parallelepiped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0206Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of rectangular shape

Description

may L 19511 H. STEINHAGE ETAL BUILDING BLOCK 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 14, 1949 INVENTORS GERHARD STEINHAGE. HEINRICH STEINHAGE HUBEREYPJ. WETZELS WMW M y 1951 i H. STEINHIAGE ET AL. ,fifiw l BUILDING BLOCK Filed March 14, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS GERHARD STEINHAGE.HEINRICH STEIMHAGE l-IUBERT J. WETZELS M MO Patented May 1 1 951 UNITED STATES OFFICE BUILDING BLOCK Heinrich Steinhage and Gerhard Steinhage,

Ashausen,

Kreis Harburg,

Germany, and

Hubert Joseph Wetzels, Kerkrade, Netherlands,

assignors to Living Stone Establishment,

Vaduz, Liechtenstein, a company incorporated of Liechtenstein Application March 14, 1949, Serial No. 81,368 In France March 10, 1948 2 Claims.

building purposes which yields satisfactory pro- 1 tection from adverse atmospheric influences, such as rain, wind and heat.

Another object of the present invention consists in providing building elements of the above type, which when assembled to a wall or the like do not permit passage of rain or the like from one side of the Wall to the other along a continuous straight joint.

Other objects and the advantages of the invention will be apparent from the appended claims and drawings and the following specification which describes, by way of example, some embodiments of our invention.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a buildin element according to the invention; Figure 2 is a similar view of a somewhat modified embodiment and Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6 illustrate the manner of assembling building elements shown in Figures 1 and 2, respectively, with identical building elements and in combination with building elements of other design, respectively. Figure 7 illustrates a modification, in which the building element contains a heat-insulating layer or layers.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, in Figure 1, reference numerals I and 2 denote two parallel longitudinally extending, spaced exterior walls lying with their bottom and top surfaces, 3, 4- and 5, 8, respectively, in common planes. .An intermediate wall 1 is parallel to and offset vertically with respect to said exterior walls, I, 2. The distances between the top and bottom surfaces of walls I, 2 and l are equal and the plane of the bottom surface of intermediate wall 1 is common with the plane of the top surfaces 5, 6 of exterior walls I and 2. A notch or recess I3 is provided in the upper portion of wall i.

Longitudinal webs 8, 9 are inclined downwardly from intermediate wall i toward exterior walls i and 2. The top surfaces Ill and l l of each of said connecting webs 8 and 9, respectively, project upwardly from an intersection with the top surface of its adjacent exterior wall and said intersecting surfaces provide a corner abutment in vertical alignment with the inner corner of the bottom of the respective exterior wall.

The building element shown in Figure 2 is substantially identical with the building element shown in Figure l, but a vertical side shoulder' H2 is provided by each of the connecting webs,. in vertical alignment with the inner corner of the bottom of the respective exterior wall. In Figure 2, reference numerals It! and ifiZ denote parallel, longitudinally extending spaced exterior walls, lying with their bottom and top surfaces 163, [D4 and 565, E96, respectively, in common planes. l0! denotes the intermediate wall arranged in th same manner as in the embodiment of Figure 1. Reference symbols I88 and I09 denote the connecting webs having top surfaces Mil and HI.

Figures 3 and 4 illustrate each the assembling of two identical building elements, according to Figures 1 and 2, respectively, and need no further description. As shown by these figures, the individual building elements fit together to form a wall of plane inner and outer surface.

As shown in Figures 5 and 6, the building elements according to our invention may be assembled also with building elements of other design. Figure 5 illustrates a wall comprising a T-shaped bottom element 22, several Y-shaped intermediate elements 23 according to our invention and a U-shaped top element 24. In this case too, the building elements automatically align with the adjacent elements and the resulting wall has a plan surface on both sides. The wall illustrated in Figure 6 consists of building elements 3| according to our invention, assembled with S- shaped building elements 32.

In the embodiment illustrated in Figure '7, the intermediate wall of a building element according to our invention contains an inner layer 25 of low thermal conductivity, and the surface of one of the exterior walls of this element is also provided with such layer 25 of low thermal conductivity. Th layer of low thermal conductivity consists preferably of concrete foam or peat fibres mixed with a suitable binder.

The building elements according to our invention are adapted to be used in buildings above ground, as well as in structures below ground level and are particularly suitable for the construction of buildings which have to be moved from time to time. Such buildings can be used, in summer and winter, immediately after construction, as no drying of the walls and the like is necessary. Our building elements may also be used for toy building sets which can be made of pressed peat, molded plastics, clay, glass, wood, and the like.

The building elements of the invention can be made of any suitable material, such as clay, concrete, wood, glass, metal, plastics and others. Walls and the like assembled from concrete building elements of our invention, do not require coating or finishing.

It will be understood that our invention is not limited to the details specifically described above and illustrated in the drawings and may be carried out with various modifications without departing from the scope of the invention, as defined in the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A building element comprisin in combination, two parallel longitudinally extending spaced exterior Walls lying with their top and bottom surfaces in common planes, respectively, an intermediate wall parallel to and offset vertically 20 with respect to said exterior walis, the bottom surface of said intermediate wail being common with the plane of the top surfaces of said anterior walls, longitudinal connecting the lower portion of said intermediate wall to KIA portions of said exteri walls, said webs being inclined dot/11w mediate wall toward said exterior tances between top and better three of said walls being equal,

of each of said connecting wardly from an intersection of its adjacent exterior wall, said inte].

alignment with the inner corner vol bottom 35 of the respectiv -exterior wall.

2. A building element comprising in combination, 'two parallel longitudinally extending spaced exterior walls lyin with their top and bottom H surfaces in common planes, respectively, an intermediate wall parallel to and offset vertically with respect to said exterior walls, the bottom surface of said intermediate wall being common with the plane of the top surfaces of said exterior walls, longitudinal webs connecting the lower portion of said intermediate wall to the upper portions of said. exterior walls, said longitudinal webs being inclined downwardly from the intermediate wall toward said exterior Walls, the distances between top and bottom surfaces of all three of said walls being equal, each of said connecting webs projecting upwardly from and above its adjacent exterior wall and providing a vertical side shoulder in vertical alignment with the inner corner of the bottom of the respective exterior wall.

HEINRICH STEINHAGE. GERHARD STEINHAGE. HUBERT JOSEPH VJETZELS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 181,043 Clayton Aug. 15, 1876 794,510 Kline July 11, 1905 806,911 Phillips Dec. 12, 1905 826,388 Thomas July 17, 1906 865,654 Noacl; et al Sept. 10, 1907 393,924 Hofmann July 21, 1908 1,543,635 Vticlzson June 23, 1925 1,687,342 l /lacVeigh et al Oct. 9, 1928 1,758,757 Niemann May 13, 1930 2,340,263 Dodson Jan. 25, 1944 FOREEGN PATENTS Number Country Date 93,513 Switzerland 1922 169,516 Great Britain 1921 182,718 Canada 1918

US81368A 1948-03-10 1949-03-14 Building block Expired - Lifetime US2550945A (en)

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FR2550945X 1948-03-10

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US2550945A true US2550945A (en) 1951-05-01

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3159944A (en) * 1957-07-25 1964-12-08 Chicago Fire Brick Co Fire brick wall structure
US4190995A (en) * 1978-07-26 1980-03-04 Armistead John A Composite building unit, method of producing same
US5341618A (en) * 1992-03-09 1994-08-30 Schaaf Cecil F Non-rectangular block and wall
US5568994A (en) * 1994-05-19 1996-10-29 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Landscaping block
US5588262A (en) * 1994-05-19 1996-12-31 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Landscaping block system
AU712639B2 (en) * 1995-06-02 1999-11-11 Novabrik International Inc. A block for the mortarless construction of a wall
US20050246977A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-11-10 Macmillan James R Construction support assembly
US20070199273A1 (en) * 2003-09-23 2007-08-30 Rongxun Wang Block For Forming Wall And The Wall Thus Formed
US20080120931A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-05-29 Mark Joslyn Masonry block arrangements; wall units; and, methods
US9089096B1 (en) 2013-10-09 2015-07-28 Michael R. Ulrich Pre-formed landscape barrier
USD760402S1 (en) * 2014-02-12 2016-06-28 Dirtt Environment Solutions, Ltd. X-link connector
FR3047259A1 (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-08-04 Jacques Boulanger Prefabricated construction elements of a wall, wall and corresponding mounting method

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US181043A (en) * 1876-08-15 Improvement in cellular-wall building-blocks
US794510A (en) * 1904-04-18 1905-07-11 Henry Kline Artificial-stone building-block.
US806911A (en) * 1905-04-10 1905-12-12 William L Phillips Building-block.
US826388A (en) * 1905-09-16 1906-07-17 Augustus O Thomas Building-block and wall constructed thereof.
US865654A (en) * 1906-03-22 1907-09-10 Hugo Noack Waterproof building-block.
US893924A (en) * 1907-09-13 1908-07-21 Joseph A Hofmann Building construction.
CA182718A (en) * 1917-10-18 1918-03-05 Alexander Curry Wilson Hollow tile
GB169516A (en) * 1920-06-26 1921-09-26 Ingvald Johannes Pedersen An improved unit for building walls and the like
CH93513A (en) * 1919-03-03 1922-04-01 J Willimann Building block for producing hollow masonry.
US1543635A (en) * 1923-01-24 1925-06-23 Gladys E Wickson Building block
US1687342A (en) * 1926-05-12 1928-10-09 Macveigh John Gerald Building tile
US1758757A (en) * 1928-01-06 1930-05-13 Henry H Niemann Building block or tile
US2340263A (en) * 1941-01-18 1944-01-25 Leon A Dodson Wall construction

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US181043A (en) * 1876-08-15 Improvement in cellular-wall building-blocks
US794510A (en) * 1904-04-18 1905-07-11 Henry Kline Artificial-stone building-block.
US806911A (en) * 1905-04-10 1905-12-12 William L Phillips Building-block.
US826388A (en) * 1905-09-16 1906-07-17 Augustus O Thomas Building-block and wall constructed thereof.
US865654A (en) * 1906-03-22 1907-09-10 Hugo Noack Waterproof building-block.
US893924A (en) * 1907-09-13 1908-07-21 Joseph A Hofmann Building construction.
CA182718A (en) * 1917-10-18 1918-03-05 Alexander Curry Wilson Hollow tile
CH93513A (en) * 1919-03-03 1922-04-01 J Willimann Building block for producing hollow masonry.
GB169516A (en) * 1920-06-26 1921-09-26 Ingvald Johannes Pedersen An improved unit for building walls and the like
US1543635A (en) * 1923-01-24 1925-06-23 Gladys E Wickson Building block
US1687342A (en) * 1926-05-12 1928-10-09 Macveigh John Gerald Building tile
US1758757A (en) * 1928-01-06 1930-05-13 Henry H Niemann Building block or tile
US2340263A (en) * 1941-01-18 1944-01-25 Leon A Dodson Wall construction

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3159944A (en) * 1957-07-25 1964-12-08 Chicago Fire Brick Co Fire brick wall structure
US4190995A (en) * 1978-07-26 1980-03-04 Armistead John A Composite building unit, method of producing same
US5341618A (en) * 1992-03-09 1994-08-30 Schaaf Cecil F Non-rectangular block and wall
US5568994A (en) * 1994-05-19 1996-10-29 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Landscaping block
US5588262A (en) * 1994-05-19 1996-12-31 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Landscaping block system
US5771631A (en) * 1994-05-19 1998-06-30 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Landscaping block
AU712639B2 (en) * 1995-06-02 1999-11-11 Novabrik International Inc. A block for the mortarless construction of a wall
US6108995A (en) * 1995-06-02 2000-08-29 Produits Alba, Inc. Block for the mortarless construction of a wall
US20070199273A1 (en) * 2003-09-23 2007-08-30 Rongxun Wang Block For Forming Wall And The Wall Thus Formed
US20050246977A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-11-10 Macmillan James R Construction support assembly
US7302778B2 (en) 2004-03-01 2007-12-04 Macmillan James Construction support assembly
US20080120931A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-05-29 Mark Joslyn Masonry block arrangements; wall units; and, methods
US9089096B1 (en) 2013-10-09 2015-07-28 Michael R. Ulrich Pre-formed landscape barrier
USD760402S1 (en) * 2014-02-12 2016-06-28 Dirtt Environment Solutions, Ltd. X-link connector
FR3047259A1 (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-08-04 Jacques Boulanger Prefabricated construction elements of a wall, wall and corresponding mounting method

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