US181043A - Improvement in cellular-wall building-blocks - Google Patents

Improvement in cellular-wall building-blocks Download PDF

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US181043A
US181043A US181043DA US181043A US 181043 A US181043 A US 181043A US 181043D A US181043D A US 181043DA US 181043 A US181043 A US 181043A
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blocks
building
cellular
improvement
walls
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0297Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is less than the wall thickness

Description

' N. J. cLAYToN.

CELLULAR WALL BUILDING BLOCKS.V

Patented Aug.15,1876

ATTOIN S.

4fnnvrnn :STATES PATENT NICHOLAS J. CLAYTON, OF GALVESTON,YTEXAS.

IMPROVEMENT IN CELLULAR-WALL BUILDING-BLOCKS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 181,043, dated August 15, 1876; application led A May 22, 1876. v

To all whom t may concern:

. proved Cellular-Wall Building-Block, of which the following is a specification:

Figure l is a perspective view of a portion of a building in process of erection, illustrating the use of my improved buildingblocks. Fig. 2 is a detail view of one of the main-wall buildingblocks. of the partition-wall building-blocks. Fig. 4 represents two forms of an gle-blocks or quoins. Fig. 5 is a perspective view and a cross-section of one ofthe bearing-blocks for the joists. Fig. 6 is a detail view of one of the flue-blocks. Fig. 7 represents a jamb-block.

The object of this invention is to furnish building blocks of articial stone, cement, baked clay, &c., for the construction of hollow-walled buildings, which shall be so constructed as to tie the outer and inner parts of the hollow walls securely together, and form a wall with numerous cells or passage through The invention consists in the main building-blocks made with an offset in their middle parts, so that one part of said blocks may form a part of the outerwall, and the other part may form a part of the inner walls; in the corner-blocks, whether made with their outer ends solid for the thickness of the wall or not, in combination with themain blocks; in the bearing-blocks, in combination with the .main blocks, for supporting the ends of the joists; in the {lue-blocks, made straight and with a Harige upon the inner side of their middle part, in combination with the main blocks, as hereinafter fully described.

A are the building-blocks for the main walls, which are made with offsets in their middle parts, sothat the one end part may form a portion of the outer wall, and the other part may form a part of the inner wall, the middle part or web binding the two walls together. The offsets of the blocks A have rabbets a formed in them to form seats for the ends lof the adjacent blocks.

By this construction, when the blocks are laid, there will be spaces or cavities between the end parts of the adjacent blocks.

Fig. 3 is a detail view of one The blocks for the partition-walls are the same as those for the main walls, except that they may be made lighter, and the planes of their end ports at a less distance apart, making lighter walls and narrower cavities.

The partition-wall blocks may be made with or without the rabbets a', as may be desired.

B represents corner-blocks, which may be formed of two wings meeting each other at right angles, the shorter wing being of a length equal to the thickness of the wall 5 or the outer end of the block B may be made solid for a distance equal to the thickness of the wall, and with a hole through said solid part. C are right-angled blocks, the outer wing of which is vertical, and forms a part of the outer walls. The inner wing of the blocks C is horizontal, and forms a support or rest for the ends of the joists. Through the horizontal parts of the blocks C, between the places where the ends of the joists will rest, are formed holes to connect with the cavities above and below said blocks.

The space above the horizontal wing of the block C, and between the ends of the joists, may be iilled with concrete, or with blocks lof the proper size, to support the blocks A placed above them.

For forming chimney and Ventilating hues, the blocks D may be used, which are made with a projection or flange upon the middle part ot their inner sides of such a height as to meet the inner ends of two adjacent blocks, and thus form dues. In places where woodwork is to be attached to the wall, recesses are formed in the blocks to receive pieces of wood to which said wood-work may be nailed.

In the upper and lower edges or sides of the blocks A are formed holes or recesses of any desired shape for the cement or mortar, with which; said blocks are laid, to enter, and thus key or dowel the said blocks together.

Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. The building-block A, made of two equal parts, connected by a middle portion at an angle thereto, as shown and described.

2. The block A, having offset in the middle, with rabbets a', arranged as and for the purpose set -forth.

3. The corner-block made solid for a. dis- 5. The due-blocks D, made straight and tance equal to the thickness of wall, and with with aange upon the inner side of their mida hole through said solid part, as shown and die part, in combination with the blocks A,

described. substantially as herein shown and described. 4. The bearing-blocks C, in combination NICHOLAS J. CLAYTON.

with the blocks A, for supporting the ends of' Witnesses:

the joists, substantially as herein shown and WM. THOMSON,

described. I. M. ALLARDYOE.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550945A (en) * 1948-03-10 1951-05-01 Living Stone Establishment Building block

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550945A (en) * 1948-03-10 1951-05-01 Living Stone Establishment Building block

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