US716865A - Interlocking bricks. - Google Patents

Interlocking bricks. Download PDF

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Publication number
US716865A
US716865A US1902107224A US716865A US 716865 A US716865 A US 716865A US 1902107224 A US1902107224 A US 1902107224A US 716865 A US716865 A US 716865A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bricks
brick
interlocking bricks
interlocking
mortar
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Henri Choquet
Albert Despature-Cousin
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Henri Choquet
Albert Despature-Cousin
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Application filed by Henri Choquet, Albert Despature-Cousin filed Critical Henri Choquet
Priority to US1902107224 priority Critical patent/US716865A/en
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Publication of US716865A publication Critical patent/US716865A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • E04B2/46Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0243Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins or keys
    • E04B2002/0252Dovetail keys
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • E04B2002/0265Building elements for making arcuate walls

Description

No. 6,865, Patented Dec. 30, I902. H. CHBUUET & A. DSPATURE-COUSIN. INTERLOCKING BRICKS. (Application filed m 14, 1902.) v (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

THE mums vrrcns w, swarm wnswimnm. u. c

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

HENRI CHOQUET AND ALBERT DESPATURE-COUSIN, OF PREMESQUES,

' FRANCE.

INTERLOCKING BRICKS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 716,865, dated December 30, 1902.

Application filed May 14, 1902.

To all whom it inc/y 60721067771.

Be it known that we, HENRI and ALBERT DESPATURE-COUSIN, citizens of the French Republic, and residents of Prem'esques, Nerd, France, have invented certain out the use of mortar, if desired, or otherwise.

strengthening brick walls, so enabling the latter to be'made thinner than usual, and thereby economizing space, labor, and material. In this manner temporary buildings may be quickly established by the use of this improved brick locking arrangement, and both the bricks and the keys for the same can be made beforehand and of the same material, or the keys may be formed of other appropriate solid material. 7 r

In the accompanying drawings, Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, S, 10, 11, and 12 are plan views of different form set bricksincluded in theinvention. Fig. 7 is a plan view of the locking-key, and Figs. 19 and 20 are perspectives thereof. Figs. 13, 14, 15, 17, and 18 are perspectives of difierent forms of bricks. Fig. 21 is a side elevation of a wall constructed in accordance with our invention. 25, 16 and 9 are respectively plans of consecutive courses of various forms of walls embodying the invention.

Although the bricks and their locking means are separate parts, they may be ap propriately referred to as and are hereinafter called keyed bricks in the same manner as one speaks of key-locks.

The brick and its key may be made of any suitable, material to suit any particular re quirements.

The brick, which may vary in shape and dimensions for various purposes, is formed with one or more slots or openings a, provided either at one side or several sides or at portion 1), as illustrated in the annexed draw- Cnooun'r.

Figs. 22 and 23, 24 and.

Serial No. 107,224. (No model.)

ings. The locking device or key for securing the bricks is provided with corresponding heads or flanges c. The web portion d of the key, which joins the two heads, may be varied in width, so as to suit the parts which it serves to lock together or the distance between rows of bricks when hollow double walls are constructed with an air-space be tween the bricks. The two parts-namely, the bricks and the keyswhen properly arranged provide a very strong assemblage which, together with the mortar and after the drying of the latter, forms into a solid block or monolith. It will be easy to realize the progress and superiority of this improved arrangement over existing method of brick construction by considering that this process comprises all the advantages of the ancient methods, in which the cross-joints of the brick walls have always been the chief feature to insure the strength-of building construction.

In addition to the aforementioned advantagesthe invention provides, furthermore,

pools, settling-tanks, reservoirs, wells, the

prooffloors,and generally wheneverbrickscan be employed. It will also be found very useful in the construction'of drying-rooms and ventilation-cham hers by forming the bricks with holes of any convenient section -for example, square, as shown in the accompanying drawingswhich hollow bricks form an additional protection against the cold air. It is, however, to be distinctly understood that the said holes may be omitted without prejudice to this invention and that, moreover, the lockingkeys need not be prepared beforehand, as they may be formed subsequently by running thin mortar or cement into the bricks after being built up.- I The mortar may be strengthened by the introduction of pieces of iron bars or rods, which become fixed in the mortar, and thus constitute a very reliable assemblage.

By using alternately a layer of bricks as shown in Fig. 8 and a layer of bricks of the form shown in' Fig. 1 the vertical cross-joint is obtained. By repeating this arrangement for each two superposed layers the continuity of the cross-joints is carried out, as shown in Fig. 21, which shows an elevation of a wall constructed in this manner, whereby the interlocking keys, Fig. 19, as indicated in dotted lines, always engage in two superposed layers. This is an important feature, which can be carried out without difiiculty by starting the first layer with short keys, like those shown in Fig.20.

Having now fully described our invention,

what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

ALBERT DESPATURE-OOUSIN. Witnesses:

ALFRED C. HARRISON,

NoiiL DHULST.

US1902107224 1902-05-14 1902-05-14 Interlocking bricks. Expired - Lifetime US716865A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US1902107224 US716865A (en) 1902-05-14 1902-05-14 Interlocking bricks.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1902107224 US716865A (en) 1902-05-14 1902-05-14 Interlocking bricks.

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2641921A (en) * 1950-08-26 1953-06-16 Charles J Lacy Interlocking bricks
US2844848A (en) * 1955-11-03 1958-07-29 Couse Mfg Inc Building construction
US2933920A (en) * 1956-04-09 1960-04-26 Steuler Industriewerke Gmbh Building blocks
US3292331A (en) * 1964-01-24 1966-12-20 Carl R Sams Interlocking blocks and wall construction
US3430403A (en) * 1966-04-19 1969-03-04 George B Muse Wall construction method and apparatus
US4057162A (en) * 1974-12-06 1977-11-08 Siempelkamp Giesserei Kg Pressure vessel for nuclear reactor
EP0596377B1 (en) * 1992-10-31 1997-03-05 Maury, Hans-Dietmar Dr.rer.nat. Vortex finder for a centrifugal separator (cyclone)
US5901521A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-05-11 Guy; John H. Apparatus for dimensionally uniform building construction using interlocking connectors
US6508041B1 (en) * 1999-10-25 2003-01-21 Daniel Anthony Leonard Boot Interlocking concrete block
US20100269441A1 (en) * 2009-04-24 2010-10-28 Butech Building Technology S.A. Removable floor covering
LU91804A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-01 Mihail-Felix Dumitrescu Mortar-less interlocking building blocks
USD745980S1 (en) 2015-05-31 2015-12-22 SignInsight, Inc. Asymmetric construction block
US10487495B2 (en) * 2015-11-26 2019-11-26 Josef SCHILCHER Component and production method

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2641921A (en) * 1950-08-26 1953-06-16 Charles J Lacy Interlocking bricks
US2844848A (en) * 1955-11-03 1958-07-29 Couse Mfg Inc Building construction
US2933920A (en) * 1956-04-09 1960-04-26 Steuler Industriewerke Gmbh Building blocks
US3292331A (en) * 1964-01-24 1966-12-20 Carl R Sams Interlocking blocks and wall construction
US3430403A (en) * 1966-04-19 1969-03-04 George B Muse Wall construction method and apparatus
US4057162A (en) * 1974-12-06 1977-11-08 Siempelkamp Giesserei Kg Pressure vessel for nuclear reactor
EP0596377B1 (en) * 1992-10-31 1997-03-05 Maury, Hans-Dietmar Dr.rer.nat. Vortex finder for a centrifugal separator (cyclone)
US5901521A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-05-11 Guy; John H. Apparatus for dimensionally uniform building construction using interlocking connectors
US6508041B1 (en) * 1999-10-25 2003-01-21 Daniel Anthony Leonard Boot Interlocking concrete block
US20100269441A1 (en) * 2009-04-24 2010-10-28 Butech Building Technology S.A. Removable floor covering
LU91804A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-01 Mihail-Felix Dumitrescu Mortar-less interlocking building blocks
USD745980S1 (en) 2015-05-31 2015-12-22 SignInsight, Inc. Asymmetric construction block
US10487495B2 (en) * 2015-11-26 2019-11-26 Josef SCHILCHER Component and production method

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