US2485749A - Musical wind instrument - Google Patents

Musical wind instrument Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2485749A
US2485749A US63466445A US2485749A US 2485749 A US2485749 A US 2485749A US 63466445 A US63466445 A US 63466445A US 2485749 A US2485749 A US 2485749A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
chamber
instrument
opening
tone
slot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Bernard G Ladd
Original Assignee
Bernard G Ladd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/02General design of wind musical instruments of the type wherein an air current is directed against a ramp edge, e.g. flute, recorder
    • G10D7/04Ocarinas

Description

Oct. 25, 1949. B. G. LADD MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENT Filed Dec. 13, 1945 INVENTQR Z4017 I (WTMRZORNEY/ Patented Oct. 25, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 3 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in wind,

instruments and is particularly directed to an improved whistle on which a tune may be played- The outward appearance of the whistle of the present invention somewhat resembles an ocarina but its construction and the art of playing are quite different although both instruments may be characterized as wind instruments.

One of the objects of the present invention resides in the provision of a whistle on which by simple manipulation of the players finger a tune may be played.

Another object of the present invention resides in the provision of an instrument wherein the usual series of finger openings are eliminated.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of an instrument of the character indicated which is of unitary and rugged construction, which can be manufactured inexpensively and which is durable in use.

Further objects of the present invention will be manifest from the following description and the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of my invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a front view of the instrument of Fig. l; and

Figs 4 and 5 are plan views of modified forms of my improved instrument.

Fig. 6 is a front view of the instrument of Fig. 5.

Referring to the drawing in detail and first of all to Fig. 1 wherein the embodiment illustrated is a single unit instrument It which may be made of clay, ceramic, plastic, wood or any other suit able material. This instrument is provided with a mouthpiece [2 having an inlet opening [4 which is preferably elongated in cross section as more clearly shown in Fig. 3. The inlet opening communicates with a whistle chamber or passageway it which is provided with a port is terminating adjacent an outlet or whistling opening I8 in a tone or resonant chamber 20. The chamber It may, if desired, be in the form of a slot extending from the opening it to the outlet 18. Air blown into the mouthpiece will enter the chamber and traverse the opening [8 thereby producing a musical or whistling sound- The tone or resonant chamber 20 is provided adjacent the whistle chamber. The chambers l6 and 28 are separated by a partition 22. This partition extends from upper wall 24 to lower wall 26 and is positioned slightly forward of the outlet opening l8. As will be seen from Fig. 2, the

opening is is in the bottom wall of the tone chamber 20 and the whistle chamber [6 communicates with this opening by way of a port or kerf [9 formed in the lower portion of the partition 22.

The top wall of the tone chamber is provided with a tone displacement opening 28 which is in the form of an elongated transverse slot. This slot is adapted to receive one finger of the hand of the player which is moved along the slot during the playing of the instrument to produce the different notes of the musical score being played. The length of the slot is equivalent to one octave so that the entire scale may be played as the finger is moved from one end of the slot to the other either intermittently or continuously by reason of the escape of air from the tone chamber through the exposed portion of the slot. This slot may be equivalent to more than one octave if so desired.

If desired a hole 2| may be provided in one of the walls of the tone chamber whereby the pitch may be altered by the player covering this hole with his fingers. Instead of using the players finger for this purpose an adjustable closure may be provided- While the hole 2| is shown in the rear wall, it is to be understood that it might well be placed in the bottom or side wall, if desired.

It will be seen that with the instrument described a player can play an entire scale in one octave and consequently a tune. It will also be seen that the notes of the scale can be played intermittently as in instruments with separate finger openings and in addition a continuous scale may be played. It will also be seen that the instrument can be played by a novice after a brief lesson, the only skill required being the simple manipulation of the players finger to and fro along the slot while air is being blow into the mouthpiece.

In Fig. 4 I have shown a modified form of instrument. In this form dual whistle chambers 40 and 42, dual tone chambers 44 and 46 and dual tone displacement slots 48 and 5t, whistling openings 58 and a single mouthpiece 52 with two inlet openings 54 and 56 are provided. This instrument is played in the same manner as the instrument of Fig. 1 except that one finger of each hand or two fingers of the same hand are placed on each slot.

In the form illustrated in Fig. 5 an instrument is shown provided with three whistle chambers 60, t2 and 54, tone chambers 66, 68 and It, tone displacement slots 12, M and I6, whistling openings I8, and 82, and a single mouthpiece 84 with three inlet openings 86, 88 and 90 each lead- 3 ing to its respective whistle chamber. This instrument is played in the same manner as the instrument of Fig. 4 except that three fingers are required for playing the same as will be ob- VlOllS.

It has been demonstrated that any one can play the instrument of Fig. 1 after a simple lesson, and that after some little practice the instruments of Figs. 4 and 5 can readily be played.

While I have illustrated and described three embodiments of my invention it is to be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the precise construction and arrangement shown, as obviously various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention.

What I claim is:

1. A wind instrument comprising a single hollow molding of plastic material, a partition in said molding in the form of a thin wall integrally united with the inner walls of the molding for separating the same into a whistle chamber and a tone chamber, and a mouthpiece formed as an integral part of the molding provided with an air inlet opening communicating with the Whistle chamber, said partition having an opening therein Connecting the whistle chamber with the tone chamber, said tone chamber having an outlet opening provided in one of its Walls adjacent to the opening in the partition, said tone chamber having a second opening in the form of an elongated finger-receiving tone displacement slot in another of its walls opposite the outlet opening whereby when a finger placed in and is moved longitudinally of said elongated slot produces the different musical notes of the score being played.

2. A Wind instrument comprising a single hollow molding of plastic material, a partition in said molding in the form of a thin wall integrally united with the inner walls of the molding for separating the same into a whistle chamber and a tone chamber, and a mouthpiece formed as an integral part of the molding provided with an air inlet opening communicating with the whistle chamber, said partition having an opening therein connecting the whistle chamber with the tone chamber, said tone chamber having three distinct openings in its walls, one an air outlet opening, adjacent to the opening in the partition, a second opening for pitch regulation controlled by the movement of a finger thereover and a third opening in the form of an elongated finger-receiving tone displacement slot placed opposite the air outlet opening whereby when a finger placed in and is moved longitudinally of said elongated slot produces the difierent musical notes of the score being played,

3. A Wind instrument comprising a single hollow molded body of plastic material having a bottom wall and spaced substantially upright side and end walls forming an elongated tone chamber, the upper edges of said side and end walls defining a longitudinally extending opening for accommodating a finger of the player, said bottom Wall having an air outlet therein, and a mouthpiece formed as an integral part of the body and extending substantially at right angles to the elongated tone chamber and having a slot therein providing an air inlet passage commun1- eating with the said tone chamber and terminating adjacent said air outlet, whereby when air is lown into the slot in the mouthpiece and a finger of the player is placed in and moved longitudinally of said longitudinal opening different musical notes of the score being played will be produced.

BERNARD G. LADD REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 394,243 Briggs Dec. 11, 1888 467,521 Pizzuti Jan. 26, 1892 504,396 Maher Sept. 5, 1893 632,184 Johnson Aug. 29, 1899 641,025 Leech et a1 Jan. 9, 1900 992,487 Ellison May 16, 1911 1,395,107 Hawk Oct. 25, 1921 1,722,249 Lazare et a1 July 23, 1929 2,146,179 Fitchhorn Feb. 7, 1939 2,214,314 Tillery Sept. 10, 1940

US2485749A 1945-12-13 1945-12-13 Musical wind instrument Expired - Lifetime US2485749A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2485749A US2485749A (en) 1945-12-13 1945-12-13 Musical wind instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2485749A US2485749A (en) 1945-12-13 1945-12-13 Musical wind instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2485749A true US2485749A (en) 1949-10-25

Family

ID=24544726

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2485749A Expired - Lifetime US2485749A (en) 1945-12-13 1945-12-13 Musical wind instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2485749A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2519324A (en) * 1947-09-25 1950-08-15 Sun Rubber Co Two-piece rubber whistle for toys
US3815466A (en) * 1973-09-04 1974-06-11 P Johnson Fipple flute
US4683796A (en) * 1984-07-13 1987-08-04 William Salaman Mouthpieces for musical wind instruments
US6255570B1 (en) * 2001-01-04 2001-07-03 Chih-Wen Liao Vessel-shaped flute with a captive cap
US20040003702A1 (en) * 2002-04-25 2004-01-08 Ahrens Karl P. Flutes with multiple chambers that share compound bisected toneholes
US7799980B1 (en) 2009-04-29 2010-09-21 Norman Spencer Register Ocarina
US7816595B1 (en) * 2009-06-29 2010-10-19 Jordan Reder Dietrich Methods of constructing and tuning ocarinas
JP2018120195A (en) * 2017-01-27 2018-08-02 泰義 波多野 Ocarina to change the pitch in the palm of your hand

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US394243A (en) * 1888-12-11 Island
US467521A (en) * 1892-01-26 Musical instrument
US504396A (en) * 1893-09-05 Wind-instrument
US632184A (en) * 1899-04-05 1899-08-29 George W Backes Whistle.
US641025A (en) * 1899-01-26 1900-01-09 Albert Leech Self-playing whistle.
US992487A (en) * 1909-10-25 1911-05-16 Horace Ellison Whistle.
US1395107A (en) * 1919-08-22 1921-10-25 Thomas B Soden Wind musical instrument
US1722249A (en) * 1927-08-12 1929-07-23 Lazare Rene Emile Musical instrument
US2146179A (en) * 1937-05-15 1939-02-07 Elver J Fitchhorn Wind type musical instrument
US2214314A (en) * 1940-02-12 1940-09-10 William T Tillery Musical instrument

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US394243A (en) * 1888-12-11 Island
US467521A (en) * 1892-01-26 Musical instrument
US504396A (en) * 1893-09-05 Wind-instrument
US641025A (en) * 1899-01-26 1900-01-09 Albert Leech Self-playing whistle.
US632184A (en) * 1899-04-05 1899-08-29 George W Backes Whistle.
US992487A (en) * 1909-10-25 1911-05-16 Horace Ellison Whistle.
US1395107A (en) * 1919-08-22 1921-10-25 Thomas B Soden Wind musical instrument
US1722249A (en) * 1927-08-12 1929-07-23 Lazare Rene Emile Musical instrument
US2146179A (en) * 1937-05-15 1939-02-07 Elver J Fitchhorn Wind type musical instrument
US2214314A (en) * 1940-02-12 1940-09-10 William T Tillery Musical instrument

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2519324A (en) * 1947-09-25 1950-08-15 Sun Rubber Co Two-piece rubber whistle for toys
US3815466A (en) * 1973-09-04 1974-06-11 P Johnson Fipple flute
US4683796A (en) * 1984-07-13 1987-08-04 William Salaman Mouthpieces for musical wind instruments
US6255570B1 (en) * 2001-01-04 2001-07-03 Chih-Wen Liao Vessel-shaped flute with a captive cap
US20040003702A1 (en) * 2002-04-25 2004-01-08 Ahrens Karl P. Flutes with multiple chambers that share compound bisected toneholes
US6914179B2 (en) * 2002-04-25 2005-07-05 Mountain Ocarinas Inc. Flutes with multiple chambers that share compound bisected toneholes
US7799980B1 (en) 2009-04-29 2010-09-21 Norman Spencer Register Ocarina
US7816595B1 (en) * 2009-06-29 2010-10-19 Jordan Reder Dietrich Methods of constructing and tuning ocarinas
JP2018120195A (en) * 2017-01-27 2018-08-02 泰義 波多野 Ocarina to change the pitch in the palm of your hand

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3555166A (en) Guitar-like electronic musical instrument with plural manuals
US3312137A (en) Pick for playing stringed musical instruments
US4377101A (en) Combination guitar and bass
US4359923A (en) Unitary guitar construction
US4320684A (en) Guitar construction
US3699836A (en) Stringed musical instrument
US6132281A (en) Music toy kit
US4034984A (en) Lacrosse stick
US5483859A (en) Combination strumming pick and percussion device
US4240319A (en) Electric guitars
US4836076A (en) Molded sound box for violin and the like
US5922979A (en) Stringed instrument
US3674268A (en) Table tennis paddle construction with improved handle means therefor
US3866508A (en) Stick for playing percussion instruments
US3439570A (en) Stringed musical instruments having a slidably mounted neck
US1667836A (en) Reed for musical wind instruments
US3413883A (en) Stringed musical instrument
US5113784A (en) Multi-tone whistle
US4483233A (en) Combined guitar and bass guitar having eight strings
US3550495A (en) Musical instrument with magnetic type tape reproducer
US4362080A (en) Staccato cowbell
US4041827A (en) Tone enhancing device for reed type musical instruments
US4228719A (en) Plectrum for stringed musical instruments
US3205754A (en) Becwar keys
US3353433A (en) Floating bridge for musical instruments