US467521A - Musical instrument - Google Patents

Musical instrument Download PDF

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US467521A
US467521A US467521DA US467521A US 467521 A US467521 A US 467521A US 467521D A US467521D A US 467521DA US 467521 A US467521 A US 467521A
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musical instrument
pointer
chamber
frame
instrument
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/02General design of wind musical instruments of the type wherein an air current is directed against a ramp edge

Description

(No Model.)
'J. S. F. PIZZUTI.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
No. 467,521. Patented Jan. 26, 1892.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH S. F.-PIZZUTI, OF COLUMBUS, OI-IIO.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 467,521, dated January 26, 1892.
Application filed November 2, 1891. Serial No. 410,581. (No model.)
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH S. F. PIZZUTI, a citizen of the United States, residing at Columbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, have'invented certain new and useful Improvements in Musical Instruments; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The object of my invention is to provide a `wind instrument upon which any one pos- 4 indicating device.
Like letters in the different figures indicate corresponding parts.
The letter A denotes a frame, which may be made of wood or metal and of theV form shown or any other that may suit the taste of iiat and are provided with openings, so thatv when the levers are brought toward alignment by 4means of the linger-pieces c c the openings in them will coincide more or less, as may be desired, with the opening ain the frame. These arms b b are held normally apart, so that the opening a is closed by the solid parts of said arms. For this purpose the upper arms d ol of the levers are held asunder by means of a coiled spring e, which presses downward upon a bar f, and two links h h, connected with the arms d d. A pin c' in the frame and a slot 7c in the bar f serve to guide the latter in its movements.
In the upper part of the frame A is a stud u, on which turns a sleeve s. On the sleeve s is removably itted the hub of a pointer p. The sleeve s is furnished with an ear t, and a link Z is pivotallyT connected with the said ear and with one of the levers d. Now, when the arm d is moved in the act of opening the Valve the sleeve s is turned and with it the attached pointer. The extent to which the pointer shall be moved is altogether a matter of selection; but in practice I propose that the parts shall be so constructed and connected that a complete movement of the levers or valve will cause the pointer tol turn about half a circle.
A plate B, corresponding in outline to the main portion of the frame A, is tted and secured upon the latter so as to cover and assist in holding in position the levers or vvalve and the parts attached thereto. The stud u, around which the hub of the pointer p turns, is located in the frame A, so as to stand opposite or near the middle of the upper part of the plate B. On this part of the plate I place a musical staff on which is printed a scale. The lines forming the staff will be eccentrically located, so that the notes when placed on the scale will lie in va circle just beyond the path ofthe end of the pointer. lower part of the plate B is an opening, which coincides with the opening in the rear plate or frame A. Around this opening is a iiange n, into which tits the end of a Wind or sounding chamber C. This chamber will preferably be made in two sections united by a telescoping joint. The mouth-piece through which the performer blows to produce the sound may be connected directly with the chamber or at the end of a tube o. The principle on which the sound is generated is the sameas that in the common Whistle.
By operating the finger-pieces c c an opening at-the end of the chamber C maybe made and enlarged or diminished at will to vary the pitch of the sound produced, and with the aid of the notation on the dial and pointer any tone within the range of the instrument maybe readily selected. The notation will pref erably represent a diatonic scale, and points midway between them will suffice to indicate half-intervals. Y By telescoping the parts of In the.
IOO
the barrel or chamber C the key or tonic of the instrument may be changed. The notes enable the performer to strike thc correct tone With perfect accuracy.
It will be understood, of course, that I do not restrict myself to the particular form and proportion of parts illustrated, because it is obvious that they may be varied Without departing` from the scope of my invention.
Vhat I claim, and desire to secure by vIletters Patent, is-
l. A musical instrument comprising` the frame A, the sounding-chamber C, the manually-operable valve-plate l), having' the arm d, the link Z, sleeve s, stud u, pointer p, and a notedial, in combination, substantially as shown and described.
2. In a musical instrument, the sounding'- chamber@ and a pair of manually-operable valve-plates b l?, movable in opposite directions, in combination, substantially as shown and described.
3. In a musical instrument, the combination, With the sounding-chamber C, of a pair of manually-operable valve-plates l) l) and means for automatically retracting said valveplates, substantially as shown and described.
et. A musical instrument comprising the frame A, the sounding-chamber C, a pair of manually-operable valve-plates b b, each having` an arm (l, the toggle-links h 7L, and spring e, in combination, substantially as shown and described.
5. The combination, in a musical instrument, of the 'frame A, the sounding-chamber C, a pair of manually-operable valve-plates i) b, each having an arm d, the toggle-links 7L h, spring; e, link Z, sleeve s, stud u, pointer p, and a note-dial, substantially as shown and described.
G. In an instrument of the kind described, a movable pointer and a dial having a musical staff eccentrically arranged, and a notation on said staff concentrically arranged with respect to the axis of movement ofthe pointer, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
JOSEPH S. F. IIZZUTI.
Witnesses:
HERBERT MARTENS, GEo. M. FINCKEL.
US467521D Musical instrument Expired - Lifetime US467521A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2485749A (en) * 1945-12-13 1949-10-25 Bernard G Ladd Musical wind instrument
US2778263A (en) * 1953-12-07 1957-01-22 Ruben Charlotte Slide type musical instrument

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2485749A (en) * 1945-12-13 1949-10-25 Bernard G Ladd Musical wind instrument
US2778263A (en) * 1953-12-07 1957-01-22 Ruben Charlotte Slide type musical instrument

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