US1395107A - Wind musical instrument - Google Patents

Wind musical instrument Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1395107A
US1395107A US31919219A US1395107A US 1395107 A US1395107 A US 1395107A US 31919219 A US31919219 A US 31919219A US 1395107 A US1395107 A US 1395107A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
valve
slot
end
musical instrument
body portion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Ivan O Hawk
Original Assignee
Thomas B Soden
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/04Valves; Valve controls
    • G10D9/043Valves; Valve controls for woodwind instruments
    • G10D9/046Valves; Valve controls for woodwind instruments with continuous change of tonal pitch

Description

I. 0. HAWK.

WIND MUSICAL-INSTRUMENT.

APPLICATION FILED AUG.22,1919- 'Patented Oct. 25, 1921.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

IVAN o. HAWK, or EAST CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOR. or ONE-HALF T0 THOMAS B. sonnN, or CLEVELAND, 01 110.

WIND MUSICAL INSTRULIENT.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 25, 1921.

Application filed August 22, 1919. Serial No. 319,192.

To aZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, IVAN O. HAWK, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at East Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahogaand State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in find Musical Instruments; and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in wind musical instruments, and particularly to that class of musical instrument of which the flute, clarinet and fife are the most popular types.

More broadly speaking my invention relates to any musical instrument employing a more or less inclosed column of air for producing the musical sounds or tones, the production of the tones being brought about by acting on the air column, either by blowing with the mouth or by mechanical means, and producing a vibration of the air column and then by increasing or decreasing the length of the vibrating column producing the variations in tones to make the musical scale.

The object of my invention is to provide a musical instrument of the type described which will be much more simple in construction and more easily operated than the types heretofore manufactured, and having such a construction as will greatly increase the facility of fingering.

My invention, therefore, consists in pro viding a hollow elongated body which may be tubular or angular in cross-section and having a single longitudinally extending slot or opening which is provided with a single flexible valve for controlling the full length of said opening.

My invention also consists in the features of construction and combination of parts hereinafter described in the specification, particularly pointed out in the claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figurel is a central longitudinal section of a portion of a musical instrument (similar to a flute) embodying my invention, and with the end or mouth piece broken away. Fig. 2 is a top plan of same. Fig. 3 is an end view of the same, and Fig. 4 is a View in perspective of the tubular portion alone, the valve and connections being removed,

Again referring to the drawings, 5 represents the body portion of my musical instrument and (as shown) consists of a tubular section which may be made either of metal or wood. This tubular section is provided (as shown in the drawings) with a small opening l adjacent to one end. This opening is similar to the opening in flutes through which the air is forced by the mouth to cause the vibration of the air column, but this forms no part of my invention and the blow opening may be formed at the very end as in the common flageolet or whistle. in the top surface of the tube 1 form a longitudinal slot which extends from the end of the tube opposite the mouth piece a predetermined length of the tube, the said slot being shown at 7. In case of a round tube as shown, I flatten or plane the surfaces of the tube adjacent to the slot to form a seat for the valve, as shown at S. My valve (indicated at 10) consists of a single strip of some flexible and elastic material, such as leather, which is made sufliciently long to extend the full length of said slot. One end of this valve I fasten or clamp directly against the surface of the tube at the end at the slot nearest to where the air is injected. Any suitable means may be employed for clamping the end of the valve to the tube, and I have shown a simple arrangement consisting of a screw 11 and thumb nut 12. At the end of the tube opposite to where the air is injected I mount a small support 13, and to the top of this support I clamp the other end of the said valve. I preferably employ a single clamping screw 14 and nut 15 for securing both the support and valve to the tube. It will therefore be understood that the end of my valve nearest to the mouthpiece is practically flush with the surface of the slot and the valve then inclines upwardly to the opposite end of the tube where it is fastened to the support 13. The said valve is therefore normally held above and away from the slot, but being flexible it is capable of being pressed down so as to lie along the brating column as the inclination of the valve will cause the portion of the valve not engaged by the fingers to stand up and away from the slot or opening. The pressing down of the said valve controls the column of air in the same manner as the closing of the finger openings in the ordinary flute or fife. There is this advantage that, whereas in the ordinary flute or life only such notes or tones can be produced as correspond tothe openings in the flute or fife, unless the instrument is provided with a more or less complicated series of valves, with my instrument the natural and chromatic musical scales may be produced directly by the fingering on the single valve.

lVhile I have shown my invention embodied in a type of musical instrument corresponding very closely to a flute or flfe, I do not limit myself to the particular type of musical instrument shown, as the basis of my invention is the controlling of a vibrating column of air by a single valve in the production of musical tones and its application to various types or forms of wind instruments.

What I claim is 1. In a musical instrument, the combination of a hollow body portion, a slot extending longitudinally from one end of the body portion a predetermined'length of the body portion, a flexible valve arranged above and extending the full length of said slot, means for supporting said valve so that said valve is spaced. from said slot, the arrangement being such that pressure exerted upon said valve will cause the said valve to close all or any desired portion of said slot, and

means for injecting air into said body portion. In

2. In a musical instrument, a hollow body portion provided at one end with a blow opening suitable for the production of sound, a slot extending from the opposite end of said body portion a predetermined distance longitudinally of said body portion, a support arranged at the end of said body portion opposite the mouth-piece, a flexible valve-forming strap secured at one end to said support and having its opposite end securely clamped to said body portion at a point beyond the end of the slot opposite to said support, the arrangement being such that said strap will normally stand above and away from said slot but under pressure will move down and close all or any desired portion of said slot.

3. A musical instrument comprising a hollow body portion and provided with a blow opening suitable for the production of sound, said body portion being provided with a longitudinally extending slot, a flexible valve adapted to close said slot supported on said body portion above said slot and at an angle to the longitudinal axis of said body portion, said valve having suflicient flexibility to 'move down and close said slot when pressure is exerted thereon.

In testimony whereof, I sign the foregoing specification, in the presence of two witnesses, I

' IVAN O. HAWK.

Witnesses: V

VICTOR G. LYNCH, lsAnELLE B. SODEN.

US1395107A 1919-08-22 1919-08-22 Wind musical instrument Expired - Lifetime US1395107A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1395107A US1395107A (en) 1919-08-22 1919-08-22 Wind musical instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1395107A US1395107A (en) 1919-08-22 1919-08-22 Wind musical instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1395107A true US1395107A (en) 1921-10-25

Family

ID=23241234

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1395107A Expired - Lifetime US1395107A (en) 1919-08-22 1919-08-22 Wind musical instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1395107A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2485749A (en) * 1945-12-13 1949-10-25 Bernard G Ladd Musical wind instrument
US2638027A (en) * 1947-07-17 1953-05-12 Gaston M Strobino Wind instrument
US2730003A (en) * 1951-08-09 1956-01-10 Conn Ltd C G Cast liner for woodwind instruments
US4320686A (en) * 1978-07-20 1982-03-23 Lewis Jeffrey J Wind instrument with continuously variable pitch control
DE19832596B4 (en) * 1998-07-09 2004-04-22 Bernhard Schimpf Device for change in length of an air column in a resonator
US20090049977A1 (en) * 2007-08-26 2009-02-26 Steve Wells Single holed flute
US20130247745A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2013-09-26 Sankarasubrahmani Uday Shankar Continuous pitch wind musical instrument
US20140366703A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2014-12-18 Sankarasubrahmani Uday Shankar Continuous pitch wind musical instrument and a composite string instrument and continuous pitch wind musical instrument

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2485749A (en) * 1945-12-13 1949-10-25 Bernard G Ladd Musical wind instrument
US2638027A (en) * 1947-07-17 1953-05-12 Gaston M Strobino Wind instrument
US2730003A (en) * 1951-08-09 1956-01-10 Conn Ltd C G Cast liner for woodwind instruments
US4320686A (en) * 1978-07-20 1982-03-23 Lewis Jeffrey J Wind instrument with continuously variable pitch control
DE19832596B4 (en) * 1998-07-09 2004-04-22 Bernhard Schimpf Device for change in length of an air column in a resonator
US20090049977A1 (en) * 2007-08-26 2009-02-26 Steve Wells Single holed flute
US20130247745A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2013-09-26 Sankarasubrahmani Uday Shankar Continuous pitch wind musical instrument
US8822797B2 (en) * 2010-09-06 2014-09-02 Sankarasubrahmani Uday Shankar Continuous pitch wind musical instrument
US20140366703A1 (en) * 2010-09-06 2014-12-18 Sankarasubrahmani Uday Shankar Continuous pitch wind musical instrument and a composite string instrument and continuous pitch wind musical instrument
US9412343B2 (en) * 2010-09-06 2016-08-09 Sankarasubrahmani Uday Shankar Continuous pitch wind musical instrument and a composite string instrument and continuous pitch wind musical instrument

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1184561A (en) Plectrum for musical instruments.
US3420132A (en) Reeds for woodwind instruments
US3905268A (en) Reeds for saxophones, clarinets and other woodwinds
Campbell et al. Musical instruments: History, technology, and performance of instruments of western music
US4616550A (en) String support and neck device for stringed instrument
US4311078A (en) Bow playable guitar
US3685385A (en) Guitar
US2003576A (en) Oboe mouthpiece
US2466554A (en) Combination drumstick and maraca
US3988958A (en) Thumb rest for a musical wind instrument
US1667836A (en) Reed for musical wind instruments
US3618440A (en) Ligature for single reed woodwind musical instrument
US3858480A (en) Stringed instrument
US2725778A (en) Sound pick-up device for the amplification of banjo music
US4041827A (en) Tone enhancing device for reed type musical instruments
US6673992B1 (en) Saxophone mouthpiece
US5847300A (en) Mouthpiece system for a trumpet or other brass instruments
US738811A (en) Musical instrument.
US1219884A (en) Fingering attachment for stringed instruments.
US4620470A (en) Fingerboard for stringed instruments
US444830A (en) Signor of one-third to charles davis-carter
US4024788A (en) Mute for stringed instruments
US4378724A (en) Wind instrument practice accessory
US3599526A (en) {37 easy find{38 {0 embouchure attachment to flute or piccolo and like instruments
US2113446A (en) Stringed musical instrument