US2390636A - Writing instrument - Google Patents

Writing instrument Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2390636A
US2390636A US49120643A US2390636A US 2390636 A US2390636 A US 2390636A US 49120643 A US49120643 A US 49120643A US 2390636 A US2390636 A US 2390636A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
ball
ink
conduit
setting
channels
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Biro Laszlo Jozsef
Original Assignee
Biro Laszlo Jozsef
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date
Family has litigation

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K1/00Nibs; Writing-points
    • B43K1/08Nibs; Writing-points with ball points; Balls or ball beds

Description

Dec. 1l, 1945. l.. J. BlRo 2,390,636

WRITING INSTRUMENT Filed June 17, 194s I 3 sheets-sheet 5 Patented Dec. 11, 1945 2,390,636 WRITING INSTRUMENT Laszlo Jozsef Biro, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

In Argentina. April 17, 1943 Application June 17, 1943, Serial N0.` 491,206

l1 Claims.

This invention relates to writing instruments, and particularly lto a feed system for fountain pens having a freely rotatable ball at the writing end thereof.

Fountain pens have generally given good .results, but inasmuch as the pen is open and keeps the ink in permanent contact with the atmosphere. the evaporation of the ink cannot be avoided, and this makes it necessary to frequently rell the ink reservoir.

Attempts have been made to provide a fountain pen having a closed terminal, and particularly a free ball nib, which partially overcomes the above-mentioned drawbacks, but so far it has not been possible to obtain a Suitable feed, regardless of the different types of ink used, such as the pasty ink combined with driving means for causing same to reach the ball at will.

The ideal construction in this type of instrument is'undoubtedly the.v ball terminal system,

with a suitable setting or socket so as to constitute a substantially air-tight closure but provided with means which, without the necessity of pressure or driving means, will maintain a charge of ink in the feed conduit, so that through Y suitable branches, said ink will be in constant contact `with the surface of said ball within said socket which will thus remain permanently ready for use, "and this is precisely what is attained by means of the present invention.

The present invention comprises a handy instrument provided with a reservoir for ink which is capable of being fed by simple gravity and capillarity, the main feature thereof being constituted vby the feed conduit which is so combined that the ow of ink, instead of being stopped at the ball, 4'extends against the surface thereof t0 the vicinity 'of the ball setting.

For `this purpose, upon reaching the ball or the neighbourhood thereof, said conduit is branched by means of channels or grooves extending to the sides of the ball setting, and thus the ball is kept practically covered with ink, so that on rollingout the inner surface thereof, the ink will mark the paper with well defined strokes. 'I'he continuity of the displacement will not a1- ter the regularity required for writing, since the branches of the'chann'el are capable of holding a uniform and constant charge of ink.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide" means for obtaining s, charge which will last longer due to the arrangement of the reservoir which enables the use of an ink which will not evaporate in mass.

All` further object of the invention is to maintain` a free andl regular ink feed, inasmuch as due to the branches of the feed conduit, the ball is alwayskept in contact with the ink, regardless of the pressure exerted thereon.

yA still further object of the invention is t0 lprovide an instrument which can be readily used without requiring special mechanisms, inasmuch as the ink will Ow by gravity, without the ald of any auxiliary means.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the course of the following description, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings showing, by way of example, a. preferred embodiment of the invention. In the drawings:

Fig. l is a view of the tip or point of the instrument, taken along the line N-N of Fig. 2, so as t0 ShOW the Capillary channel and the branches thereof adjacent to the ball.

Fig. 2 is a. front view of the terminal with the ball omitted so as to clearly show the structure of the ball seat which provides a suitable bearing, and also the channels constituting the branch from the feed conduit.

, Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the instrument terminal or tip, the ball having been omitted so as to show the ball seat structure providing the necessary bearing points, and also the branch channels of the feed conduit.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the same assembly of Fig. 3, but including the ball.

Fig. 5 Ais a view of the instrument with the front portion in longitudinal section in order to show the arrangement of the conduit or channel constituting the feeder for the terminal ball.

Fig. 6 is an external view of the complete lnstrument.

'I'he same reference characters are used to indicate like or corresponding parts or elements throughout the different drawings.

As may be seen from the drawings, a is the body of the writing instrument having therein a., reservoir b intended to contain a charge oi' thick or dense ink. Said reservoir b is provided with an air intake I so that the ink may descend by gravity through a feed conduit c.A

, Said feed conduit c leads to a tip d terminating in a spherical ball 2 which is intended to contact the writing paper or surface.

The cross-section of said conduit c is just large enough to allow the passage of ink, that is to say, that it may be given a capillary nature, so that a constant charge of liquid will be maintained by adhesion within said conduit c.

A'concave socket e is provided at the end of Asaid conduit c and serves to house the ball 2 which is secured by means of a setting 3 ending in an annular line or Irim extending beyond the plane corresponding to the maximum circle of said ball, but leaving free, externally of said setting, a portion of the ball sufilciently large to constitute a projecting terminal, as clearly vshown in Figs. l, 4, and 6.

The concave socket e carries three bearing points 4, equidistant from the center thereof and constituting a seat for said ball, which is snugly held by said setting 3. As will be observed from Figs. 1 and 2, said bearing points 4 conform closely to the spherical surface of the ball 2 and extend over an appreciable area. It will also be noted that the bal1 is spaced from the walls of the concave socket at all points except at said bearing areas 4 and at the ball setting or rim 3.

Before reaching the ball 2, said conduit c is narrowed, forming a bottle-neck passage E which, while being cylindrical', assumes a frusto-pyramidal shape in a widened portion 5. The channels 6 start at said widened portion adjacent the conduit c and are dihedral-angle grooves, the deepest lines of which are radial and occupy the areas between the bearing points c, so that when the ball is placed in proper position, there will be a clearance in the three channels 6, as shown in Figs. 1 and 5.

Inasmuch as the channels 5 are actually an extension of the final widened portion of conduit c, said channels 6 constitute a branch of said conduit, and since said channels are directed towards the side cavity of concave e, the branches of said conduit c are thus extended to the vicinity of the setting 3 and therefore, with the 'exception of the three spherical seats determined by the bearing points 4, the ink will be in contact with the major part of the surface of said ball 2.

The device is suitable for using a very adhesive ink, capable of forming a thin layer on the surface of the ball 2, so that in rolling same, said layer may deiine the strokes in a very regular manner and very clearly.

The ink should fulll other requirements, such as the ability to keep in mass without drying and without oxidizing in contact with the air.

In order to obtain a successful operation of the instrument, the cavity of the concave should be as ample as possible or at least it should be provided with grooves or sockets deriving from or combined with the end of the feeder and the branches thereof.

Operation As mentioned hereinbefore, the operation of the instrument subject of the present invention is very simple, as the thick or dense ink charged in the reservoir b is derived by gravity to the conduit c, which will permanently contain a full charge due to the capillary or other suitable structure thereof. From said conduit c, the ink will pass through the channels or grooves 6 and reach the surface of the ball 2. The ink will cover a considerable portion of said ballusince apart from the seats 4, the remaining portion of the concave e is hollow, so as to allow the access of the ink coming through the branches or channels 6. In other words, the ink vein coming from the conduit c, after reaching the surface of the ball, will spread on said surface to the neighbourhood of the end or rim of the setting, and thus practically the entire portion of the ball whichr is housed in the setting will strokes obtained are not only well denned, but

also uniform. The rolling of the ball will not interrupt the ink feed, since the ink is replenished by gravity, without the necessity ofauxil-` iary means or operations; that istc say, the discharge of the ink is automatically controlled and compensated by means of the admission of the air entering through the corresponding intake I.

In short, the ink feed takes place by means of ink veins which are branched from the general conduit c and distributed through the cavities or hollow portions of the concave e, to the neighbourhood of the end or rim of the ball setting, so as to establish an effective contact between the ink and the ball. Due to the fact that the ink used is very adhesive, upon rolling the ball 2, suilicient ink will pass out to mark the strokes.

The seats ll comprise three bearing points which, combined with the setting or rim 3, constitute a housing for said ball 2, the adjustment of said ball beingsuch as to enable the free rolling thereof in any direction, while at the same time the ball Will have no substantial play within its socket. It will be understood that the seats 4 may comprise four or more bearing points, instead of three as shown. Also, instead 0f being radial, said channels 6 may be helicoidal or of any other type, provided they derive from the general conduit c and lead to the concave e, where the ink is placed in contact with the surface of said ball 2.

In the present instance the reservoir b is detachable relative to the body a, but it will be readily understood that the device may be arranged so that the walls of the body a will constitute the Walls of the reservoir b.

Also, it is evident that in carrying out the invention, several changes in construction and de-v tails will occur to those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope ofthe invention as clearly set forth in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A writing instrument of the type comprising a reservoir for charging dense ink having an air-intake and a free ball tip located in a corresponding setting and fed through a single conduit derived from said reservoir, wherein said ball setting is constituted by channels provided in the Walls thereof and leading from said conduit to the sides of the setting socket, said channels being spaced so as to remain in alternate relation with bearing seats for said ball in said setting.

2. A writing instrument of the type comprising a reservoir for charging dense ink having an air-intake and a free ball tip located in a corresponding setting and fed through a single conduit derived from said reservoir, wherein said ball setting is constituted by channels provided in the walls thereof and leading from said conduit to the sides of the setting socket, said channels being spaced so as to remain in alternate relation with bearing seats for said ball in said setting, the virtual axis of said single conduit conairaintake and a free ball tip located in a cor` vided in the walls thereof and leading from said conduit to the sides of the setting socket, said channels being spaced so as to remain in alternate relation with bearing seats for said ball in said setting. Y

4. A writing instrument of the -type comprising a reservoir for chargingdense ink having an air-intake and a free ball tip located in a corresponding setting and fed through a single conduit derived from said reservoir, wherein said ball setting is constituted by channels provided in the walls thereof and leading from said conduit tothe sides of the setting socket, said channels being spaced so as .to remain in alternate relation with bearing seats for said ball in said setting, said single conduit bein'g capillary and of cylindrical section, and acquiring in the vicinity ofthe ball a frusta-conical shape terminating in radial channels located in alternate relation with bearing seats for said body.

5. A writing instrument as claimed in claim 4,

wherein said channels are in the shape of dihedral angles, said channels ending in coniugate relation with the concave for said ball, so that the depth of said channel, relative to the surface of said ball, will form ink branchveins extendingA to the vicinity of the end of the setting for said ball.' p

6. A writing instrument of the type comprising a reservoir for charging dense ink having an air-intake and a free ball tip located in a corresponding setting'and fed through a single conduit derived from said reservoir, wherein said ball setting is constituted by channels provided in the walls thereof and leading from said conduit to the sides ofthe setting socket, said channels being spaced so as toy remain in alternate relation with bearing seatsfor said'ball in said setting, said single conduit being provided with a bottle-neck portion or zone of smaller internal sec-tion located inthe vicinity ofl said ball, said bottle-neck portion being branched, upon reaching said ball-bearing piece, by means of said channels.

` 7. A writing instrument of the type comprising a reservoir for charging dense ink having an air-intake and a free ball tip located in a corresponding setting and fed through a single conduit derived from said reservoir, wherein said ball setting is constituted by channels provided in the walls thereof and leading from said, conduit to the sides of the setting socket, said channels being spaced so as to remain in alternate relation with bearing seats for said ball in said setting, said single conduit having a constant section extending to said channels.

8. A writing instrument of the type comprising a reservoir for charging dense ink and a free ball tip located in a corresponding setting and fed through a single conduit derived from said reservoir, wherein said ball setting is constituted by channels provided in the walls thereof and 1 leading from said conduit to the sides of thesetremain in alternate relation with bearing seats for said ball in said setting, said setting being of one-piece construction and including a ballretaining rim in forwardly-spaced relation to said bearing seats.

9. In a writing instrument of the type having wa. freely-rotatable writing ball and a reservoir from which ink is fed to the ball, the improvement which comprises a socket for'the ball in the front end of the instrument provided about-its bottom with a plurality of circumferentiallyspaced generally spherical ball seating sections with which the ball conforms over substantial areas, a single ink-feeding conduit connected with the reservoir and opening into the center of the bottom lof the socket, and a plurality of ink-feeding channels in the socket between said ball seating sections, said channels opening at their rear ends into the conduit and terminating at their front ends Aforwardly of said sections.

10. In a writing instrument of the type having a freely-rotatable writing ball and a reservoir from which ink is fed to the ball, the improvement `which comprises a socket for the ball in the front 3.0 end of the instrument provided about its bottom with a plurality of circumferentially-spaced generally spherical ball seating sections with which the ball conforms over substantial areas, a single ink-feeding conduit connected with the reservoir and opening into the center of the bottom of the socket, and a plurality of ink-feeding channels in the socket between said ball seating sections, said channels opening at their rear ends into the 7 conduit and at their front ends into the socket 1U forwardly of said sections, said socket vbeing provided at its edge with a ball-retaining rim in forwardly-spaced relation to said ball seating sections, and said ball being spaced from the wallsv of the socket at al1 points other than at said rim and said ball seating sections.

1'1. In a writing instrument of the type having a. freely-rotatable writing ball and a reservoir from which ink is fed to the ball, the improvement which comprises a socket for the ball in the" i'ront end of the instrument provided about its vbottom with generally spherical ball seating means with which the ball conforms 'over a substantial area, a single ink feeding conduit connected with the reservoir and opening into the center of the bottom of the socket, and ink-feeding channel means in the socket interrupting the' continuity of said ball seating means, said chan-l nel means opening rearwardly into the conduit i and terminating forwardly of said -ball seating means.

LASZLO JOZSEF BIRO.

ting socket, said channels being spaced so as to`

US2390636A 1943-04-17 1943-06-17 Writing instrument Expired - Lifetime US2390636A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AR564172X 1943-04-17

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2390636A true US2390636A (en) 1945-12-11

Family

ID=3460950

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2390636A Expired - Lifetime US2390636A (en) 1943-04-17 1943-06-17 Writing instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2390636A (en)

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426453A (en) * 1945-12-13 1947-08-26 Milton Reynolds Fountain pen
US2440829A (en) * 1946-04-09 1948-05-04 Arthur F O'connor Writing instrument
US2452504A (en) * 1945-07-27 1948-10-26 Parker Pen Co Writing instrument
US2486869A (en) * 1948-04-07 1949-11-01 George C Nicholas Ball-point fountain pen
US2487483A (en) * 1947-07-26 1949-11-08 Peter J Gaylor Ball point pen
US2504649A (en) * 1945-02-14 1950-04-18 Eagle Pencil Co Ball point writing implement
US2504353A (en) * 1946-10-03 1950-04-18 Anthony G Rosa Fountain pen
US2518770A (en) * 1946-05-01 1950-08-15 Borg George W Corp Fountain pen
US2519341A (en) * 1947-02-17 1950-08-22 Carl A Barstow Fountain pen
US2521285A (en) * 1946-02-04 1950-09-05 James V Dearman Fountain pen
US2536124A (en) * 1946-10-11 1951-01-02 Bolvin Camille Marian Francois Writing instrument
US2551490A (en) * 1947-01-23 1951-05-01 Scripto Inc Ball point pen
US2554335A (en) * 1946-03-18 1951-05-22 Kollsman Paul Fountain pen
US2557409A (en) * 1945-11-07 1951-06-19 Scripto Inc Fountain pen
US2564755A (en) * 1946-06-07 1951-08-21 Eversharp Inc Writing instrument
US2573691A (en) * 1945-01-19 1951-11-06 Eagle Pencil Co Writing instrument
US2606530A (en) * 1946-09-20 1952-08-12 Bartholomew J Bodnar Ball tip fountain pen
US2618239A (en) * 1945-07-27 1952-11-18 Parker Pen Co Writing instrument
US2646761A (en) * 1947-08-13 1953-07-28 W A Sheaffer Pen Co Method of making ball-type writing tips
US2652031A (en) * 1948-05-11 1953-09-15 Anne E Reed Ball-point pen
US2660152A (en) * 1945-08-13 1953-11-24 Parker Pen Co Ball-point writing instrument
US2660151A (en) * 1948-04-28 1953-11-24 Scripto Inc Writing instrument
DE912309C (en) * 1943-06-10 1954-05-28 Henry George Martin Schreibgeraet ball point
US2749566A (en) * 1952-09-04 1956-06-12 Bristol Myers Co Dispenser
DE1046451B (en) * 1951-10-05 1958-12-11 Henry George Martin Method and apparatus for manufacturing the ball seat in the writing tip of a ballpoint pen
US2883690A (en) * 1956-05-23 1959-04-28 Owens Illinois Glass Co Fluid dispensing ball applicator
US2891511A (en) * 1953-08-13 1959-06-23 D C B Ltd Writing instrument of the ball tip type
DE973136C (en) * 1945-07-05 1959-12-10 Henry George Martin A process for producing a writing end for a ball point Schreibgeraet
US3095598A (en) * 1960-05-16 1963-07-02 Mennen Co Dispensing container
US4116569A (en) * 1977-02-14 1978-09-26 The Gillette Company Ball holder for a ball-point pen

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE912309C (en) * 1943-06-10 1954-05-28 Henry George Martin Schreibgeraet ball point
US2573691A (en) * 1945-01-19 1951-11-06 Eagle Pencil Co Writing instrument
US2504649A (en) * 1945-02-14 1950-04-18 Eagle Pencil Co Ball point writing implement
DE973136C (en) * 1945-07-05 1959-12-10 Henry George Martin A process for producing a writing end for a ball point Schreibgeraet
US2618239A (en) * 1945-07-27 1952-11-18 Parker Pen Co Writing instrument
US2452504A (en) * 1945-07-27 1948-10-26 Parker Pen Co Writing instrument
US2660152A (en) * 1945-08-13 1953-11-24 Parker Pen Co Ball-point writing instrument
US2557409A (en) * 1945-11-07 1951-06-19 Scripto Inc Fountain pen
US2426453A (en) * 1945-12-13 1947-08-26 Milton Reynolds Fountain pen
US2521285A (en) * 1946-02-04 1950-09-05 James V Dearman Fountain pen
US2554335A (en) * 1946-03-18 1951-05-22 Kollsman Paul Fountain pen
US2440829A (en) * 1946-04-09 1948-05-04 Arthur F O'connor Writing instrument
US2518770A (en) * 1946-05-01 1950-08-15 Borg George W Corp Fountain pen
US2564755A (en) * 1946-06-07 1951-08-21 Eversharp Inc Writing instrument
US2606530A (en) * 1946-09-20 1952-08-12 Bartholomew J Bodnar Ball tip fountain pen
US2504353A (en) * 1946-10-03 1950-04-18 Anthony G Rosa Fountain pen
US2536124A (en) * 1946-10-11 1951-01-02 Bolvin Camille Marian Francois Writing instrument
US2551490A (en) * 1947-01-23 1951-05-01 Scripto Inc Ball point pen
US2519341A (en) * 1947-02-17 1950-08-22 Carl A Barstow Fountain pen
US2487483A (en) * 1947-07-26 1949-11-08 Peter J Gaylor Ball point pen
US2646761A (en) * 1947-08-13 1953-07-28 W A Sheaffer Pen Co Method of making ball-type writing tips
US2486869A (en) * 1948-04-07 1949-11-01 George C Nicholas Ball-point fountain pen
US2660151A (en) * 1948-04-28 1953-11-24 Scripto Inc Writing instrument
US2652031A (en) * 1948-05-11 1953-09-15 Anne E Reed Ball-point pen
DE1046451B (en) * 1951-10-05 1958-12-11 Henry George Martin Method and apparatus for manufacturing the ball seat in the writing tip of a ballpoint pen
US2749566A (en) * 1952-09-04 1956-06-12 Bristol Myers Co Dispenser
US2891511A (en) * 1953-08-13 1959-06-23 D C B Ltd Writing instrument of the ball tip type
US2883690A (en) * 1956-05-23 1959-04-28 Owens Illinois Glass Co Fluid dispensing ball applicator
US3095598A (en) * 1960-05-16 1963-07-02 Mennen Co Dispensing container
US4116569A (en) * 1977-02-14 1978-09-26 The Gillette Company Ball holder for a ball-point pen

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2187528A (en) Fountain pen
US3951555A (en) Modular writing pen
US2512004A (en) Fountain pen
US2608953A (en) Three-color writing implement
US2521657A (en) Fountain pen
GB941439A (en) Improvements in liquid-applying instruments
US2360297A (en) Fountain pen
US2223541A (en) Fountain pen
US839537A (en) Holder for fountain-pens, &c.
US3740159A (en) Point protectors for writing implements
US2509837A (en) Writing instrument
US2397229A (en) Writing instrument
US3338215A (en) Pencil with self-refilling cartridges
US2780351A (en) Device for lipstick holders
US3969027A (en) Writing instrument
US2536923A (en) Fountain pen
US1455842A (en) Implement for writing
US207256A (en) Improvement in brushes
US2502716A (en) Lipstick container
US3048879A (en) Fountain pen
DE2424918A1 (en) Felt tip pen with exchangeable ink cartridge - preventing initial spluttering and final retention of residual ink
GB2197783A (en) Liquid applicator
US1476107A (en) Fountain pen
US4229115A (en) Nib for a writing instrument
US3592552A (en) Writing instrument