US1454333A - Wrench - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1454333A
US1454333A US54393922A US1454333A US 1454333 A US1454333 A US 1454333A US 54393922 A US54393922 A US 54393922A US 1454333 A US1454333 A US 1454333A
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United States
Prior art keywords
jaw
piece
wrench
head
pipe
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Victor L Ochoa
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
OCHOA TOOLS AND MACHINE Co
OCHOA TOOLS AND MACHINE COMPAN
Original Assignee
OCHOA TOOLS AND MACHINE COMPAN
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Publication date
Application filed by OCHOA TOOLS AND MACHINE COMPAN filed Critical OCHOA TOOLS AND MACHINE COMPAN
Priority to US54393922 priority Critical patent/US1454333A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/48Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes
    • B25B13/50Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating on work of special profile, e.g. pipes
    • B25B13/5008Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating on work of special profile, e.g. pipes for operating on pipes or cylindrical objects
    • B25B13/5016Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating on work of special profile, e.g. pipes for operating on pipes or cylindrical objects by externally gripping the pipe
    • B25B13/5025Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating on work of special profile, e.g. pipes for operating on pipes or cylindrical objects by externally gripping the pipe using a pipe wrench type tool
    • B25B13/5041Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes for operating on work of special profile, e.g. pipes for operating on pipes or cylindrical objects by externally gripping the pipe using a pipe wrench type tool with movable or adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/5058Linearly moving or adjustable, e.g. with an additional small tilting or rocking movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable

Description

May '8, 1923' 1,454,333
V.L.OCHOA I WRENCH Filed March 15. 1922 Q ah flzzb z gzanan VICTOR L. OGHOA, OF EL PASO, TEXAS, ASSIGNOR TO OOHOA TOOLS ANDlVIACI-IINE COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.
WRENCH.
Application filed March=15,"1922. iSeria1-N0.543,939.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, VICTOR L. ()or on, a citizen of the United States, residlngatEl Paso, in the county of El Paso and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Wrenches, of which the following is a specification, reference. being. had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to wrenches for turning pipe, nuts or other like objects, and particularly to certain improvements upon the Wrench disclosed in my Patent #351,417,- 196, granted May 23, 1922.
In the wrench which forms'the subject matter of the aforesaid patent, there :are jaws movable rectilinearly towardeach other by a'lever having a-cam-shaped head. The lever is oscillatable in order to relatively shift the jaws and the periphery of the camshaped head operates betweenwhat may be termed the fixed and the movable jaws.
' One of the objects of the present invention is to provide means for preventing the fiat- I I tening'of the peripheral edge of this-circular head after the wrench has been used some little time, and more specifically to provide a detachable wear piece on the shank of the movable jaw againstwhich the periphery of I, the head bears and by which the wear is for a slight tilting or wedging movement so that on theoperating stroke of thewrench,
V as for inst-ancein unscrewing a pipe orscrew ing it into position, the jaw will bite into the pipe,and upon the opposite movement or recessional movement, the jaw piece-wi-l move into such position as to give the teethan extra nip on thework.
Other objects wil appear in the course of the following description.
My invent on is illustrated in' the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a side elevation of a wrench constructed in acordance with my invention:
Figure 2 is a front view of what may-be termed the fixed jaw: I
'Figure '3 is a side elevation of the movable jaw, theend of the shank- 20 being in FigureS is a side elevation of the removable jaw piece for the fixed jaw:
Figure 9 1s a side elevation of the'key or wear piece 29. v
iiReilferring to these drawings,- it will be seenthat the wrench comp'rises a bifurcated fixedjaw, designated generally 10, and having the spaced cheek plates 1.1, the inner faces of these cheek plates/being recessed, as
at 12, (see Figure 2). A space 13 between the cheek plates 11 has its upper wall longitudinally grooved, as at 14. The jaw is angular in side elevation and the upper end of-the 11 is formed with a recess for the-reception of the shank 15 of a ratchet toothediplate 16. :The shank is perforated at 17 (see Figure 8) and the jaw is perforatedfor the passage of a pin 18 whereby this toothed plate 16 may be held in place. As illustrated, this toothed plate has-downwardly extending ratchet teeth and the-inner face of the plate abuts'firmly against the upwardlyextending portions 19 of the jawiiO.
Thenteeth onthe toothedplate16arearranged-intwo rows, as illustrated in Figure *2, spaced from each other' by an intermediate untoothed portion. Operating throughthe guideway 13 is the shank '20 of a movable jaw 21having an-upwardly projecting stub 22 whose face confronting the jaw 10 is downwardly and outwardly inclined, as at 23. This stub is narrower than the shank of the jaw. The shank20 is'formed with a longitudinally extending slot 24, as illustrated in Figure 4, and'pivloted to the lower inner corner of the cheek pieces 11 is a lever 25 whose upper end is formed with a circular head26. It will be seen that the pivot 27 for this lever is disposed as close to'the path of movement of the shank 2O as-is possible and that the circular head always bears against thewall 28 of slot 24.
The slot 24 is longer than the diameter of the head26 ,but' this difference is compen-v sated for by a key or wear piece 29, illustrated in Figure 9, which is inserted and held in place within the end of the slot 24:. This wear piece has a concavely curved inner edge surface 30 having substantially the same curvature as the curvature of the head 26 and at all times bearing against this head. The outer edge face of this wear piece opposite the curved face 30 extends at right angles to the line of movement of the movable jaw and at its lower end is formed with an outwardly projecting locking lug 31. The upper face of the rear wall of the slot 24 of shank 20 is grooved, as at 32, and the upper end of the wear piece is formed with :1 lug 33 adapted to engage in this groove. Thus when the lever is in place the wear piece 29 cannot move either upward or downward, nor can it move outward and away from its seat, but at all times is held in more or less loose engagement with the peripheral face of the head 26. The slight play which is present in this wear piece 29 tends to distribute wear upon the head 26 and thus prevents this head 26 being flattened or worn away upon that face which bears operatively against the movable jaw to cause the jaws to move toward each other. Of course, there is no particular wear upon the head 26 when the jaws are forced apart, at least the wear is very slight. The wear upon the peripheral face of the circular head when the jaws are forced together, however, is relatively great because this circular face acts as a true cam and has a wedging effect upon the movable jaw, as fully explained in my patent before referred to.
Mounted upon the stub 22 for limited pivoted movement is the jaw piece 34: illustrated in detail in Figures 5 and 6. This jaw piece is U-shaped in cross section and the face of the jaw piece is formed with a plurality of upwardly extending ratchet teeth 35 which are medially disposed with relation to the teeth of the jaw piece 16 and which, as shown, extend entirely across the jaw piece 34. The jaw piece is provided with the two latvt l wings which embrace the stub 22 and are pivoted thereto at the lower outer corner of the pivot pin 36. The stop 22 has its inner edge face upwardly and outwardly inclined so as to permit the pivoted jaw piece 341 to tilt from and to the position shown in dotted lines in Figure 1. This is a very important part of the wrench, for the reason that itis this pivoted jaw piece which secures the final bite upon the pipe or other object being operated on.
While I have illustratei in Figures 5 and .6 a pivoted jaw piece which is toothed, in Figure 7 T illustrate the same jaw piece without teeth. It will be noted that the jaw 10 extends above the jaw 21 slightly so that by-pressing the relatively long against a nut or other object, the jaws may be readily forced away from each other by movement of the handle or lever 25. Assuming that this device is to be used as a pipe wrench, the jaws will first be expanded so as to embrace the pipe and slipped over the pipe, then the lever will be moved in the direction of the arrow in Figure 1 and this movement will act to cause the slightly eccentrically'pivoted head 26 to act as a. cam against the curved concave face of the wear piece 29, which is part of the jaw 21, and will cause this jaw to be shifted toward the jaw 10 and to grip the pipe between the ratchet toothed jaw faces. Upon a reverse movement of the handle '25, the jaws will be n'ioved apart or released, and thus it is obvious that a pipe, nut or other article may be turned as if by a ratchet wrench, the wrench not having to be released from the work and reapplied between each step, a mere oscillation of the handle being suiiicient to accomplish this work. Upon a movement of the handle 25 in a direction reverse to the arrow in Figure 1, the pivoted jaw piece 34 will tilt upward and outward or to the dotted line position in Figure 1, but upon a reverse movement given to the handle 25 it gives a movement in the direction of the arrow which will act to force the jaws toward each other. The pivoted jaw piece 3-1 will first swing to the position shown in dotted lines in Figure 1, or into divergent relation to the jaw 16, and then the pivoted jaw piece will have an additional downward movement which will exert a wedging action on the jaw piece, causing the teeth to bite into the pipe and give this final bite of the wrench upon the pipe, which will practically lock the wrench to the pipe for a working stroke. Upon a reverse movement, however, the pivoted jaw piece moving reversely will free the pipe entirely from the wrench. It will thus be seen that the movable jaw moves outward upon the recessional stroke and moves inward upon the working stroke just enough to give the teeth an extra nipon the pipe and to make sure of biting into the pipe. This wrench will not jam, however, at any time.
The Stillson wrenches and Tremo wrenches now on the market are hard to cause to bite into the pipe and it is still harder to afterwards release the jaws. The pivoted jaw piece, on the other hand, with my device, releases automatically on the recessional stroke whenever a new hitch is necessary.
It will be noted that one jaw is made with two parallel rows of teeth and the other jaw with a single row. This obviates a common fault in pipe wrenches that the teeth wear at the edges, leaving the teeth higher at the center than at the edges. This makes the old wrenches wobble to one side when placed on a pipe and often causes the breakage of the handle or lever of the wrench. Vith my construction the wrench cannot slip sidewise and the pipe is kept in alignment.
I claim 1. In a wrench, a handle having a circular head, a jaw pivoted to the head and having a slot and a guideway, a second jaw having a shank extending through the guideway and movable therein and having a slot closed at opposite ends and in which the circular head operates, and a removable wear piece disposed in one end of the slot and bearing against the adjacent end wall thereof and against which the circular head bears.
2. In a wrench, a handle having a circular head, a jaw pivoted to the head and having a slot and a guideway, a second jaw having a shank extending through the guideway and movable therein and having a slot in which the circular head operates, and a removable wear piece disposed in one end of the slot and against which the circular head bears, the wear piece having lugs embracing the outer end wall of the slot and holding the wear piece in place.
3. A wrench comprising a pair of jaws movable with relation to each other, one of said jaws having a shank slidably engaged with the other jaw and formed to provide a laterally projecting pair of abutments, a handle formed with a circular head having a diameter nearly equal to the space between the abutments and at all times bearing against one of said abutments, the handle being pivoted to one jaw closely adjacent the other jaw and the periphery of the head i I operating as a cam against the abutments on said shank, and a wear piece disposed between one of said abutments and the head and having lugs embracing the abutment,
pivoted to one jaw adjacent the other and the periphery .of the head operating as a cam against said abutments on said shank to relatively shift the jaws, the jaw to which the handle is pivoted having a jaw face disposed at right angles to the path of move ment of the shiftable jaw, the shiftable jaw having an upwardly extending stub, and a jaw piece pivoted to said stub andconfronting the first named jaw face and having limited oscillation from a position parallel to the first named jaw face to a position divergent with relation thereto.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature.
VICTOR L. OOHOA.
US54393922 1922-03-15 1922-03-15 Wrench Expired - Lifetime US1454333A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608893A (en) * 1949-06-27 1952-09-02 Cranner Bjarne Jaw design and adjusting means for pipe tongs
US3631549A (en) * 1969-09-19 1972-01-04 Cal W Stoneburg Wrench
US11135704B2 (en) * 2018-11-12 2021-10-05 Jia-Guann Liau Wrench wth two clamping parts

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608893A (en) * 1949-06-27 1952-09-02 Cranner Bjarne Jaw design and adjusting means for pipe tongs
US3631549A (en) * 1969-09-19 1972-01-04 Cal W Stoneburg Wrench
US11135704B2 (en) * 2018-11-12 2021-10-05 Jia-Guann Liau Wrench wth two clamping parts

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