US1345871A - Building construction - Google Patents

Building construction Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1345871A
US1345871A US272580A US27258019A US1345871A US 1345871 A US1345871 A US 1345871A US 272580 A US272580 A US 272580A US 27258019 A US27258019 A US 27258019A US 1345871 A US1345871 A US 1345871A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
slabs
grooves
building construction
wall
columns
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US272580A
Inventor
Nottebohm Edward
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to US272580A priority Critical patent/US1345871A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1345871A publication Critical patent/US1345871A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2002/567Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with posts or pillars made from a plurality of smaller prefabricated elements

Definitions

  • This invention relates, to building construction.
  • the present invention contemplates the use of sectional blocks which interlock with each other to form columns and which are further provided with receiving grooves into which the edges of interlocking wall slabs may be positioned, all of said members being formed of concrete.
  • Figure I is a view in perspective illustrating afragmentary portion of a wall disclosing the wall slabs and the columns.
  • Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation illustratin one of the wall slabs.
  • igs. 3 and 4 are views in sideand end elevation respectively disclosing the tongues and grooves of the slabs.
  • Fig. 5 is a View in plan elevation illustrating one of the column blocks.
  • Fig. 6 is a view in vertical section through the block as seen on the line 66 of Fig. 5.
  • Figs. 7 and 8 are views in plan and section respectively disclosing another form of column block.
  • Fig. 9 is a view in perspective illustrating a beam used in the present construction.
  • 10 indicates slabs which are particularly shown in Figs. 2, 3 and l as having marginal tongues 11 on two of their edges and correspondin grooves 12 upon the two opposite edges. hese slabs are quite thin and may be combined to form a narrow paitition wall, as shown in Fig. 1.
  • the grooves at the ends are provided with interlocking pins 13 which project into corresponding recesses in the contiguous ends of the adjacent slabs.
  • the walls are provided with corner columns 14 and intermediate posts 15. i
  • the corner columns have vertically extendinggrooves 16 which may be brought to register throughout the combined lengths-of the column blocks and will receive the ends ofthe wall-forming blocks.
  • corner columns I When corner columns I are used for a simple wall the grooves only extend down two sides ,of the columns, as shown in Fig. 7.
  • the columns When the columns are made for intermediate bracing of the wall the grooves are formed upon the opposite sides, as shown in Fig. 5.
  • the column blocks may be of any design to accommodate one or more partitions and will thus be formed with a proper number of grooves 16.
  • the columns are composite and are formed with a series of superimposed blocks having upwardly extending lips 17 and recessed cavities 18 into which the lip of the lower block projects. It is'preferred, from an economical standpoint, to form these blocks hollow and they may thus be built up and cemented together along their horizontal joints to combine with the courses of the slabs and form the complete structure.
  • permanent structures it is desirable to superimpose the walls formed of the slabs upon beams, as shown in Fig. 9. These beams extend and rest upon underpinning and are formed with upper grooves 19 into which the lower edges of the slabs may rest.
  • the beams may be reinforced throughout their length as desired.
  • reinforcing wires'20 to the columns and stretchingfthem along the horizontal joints between the wall slabs. They will thus combine; to hold the columns together and when embedded within the cement applied to the joints of the slabs will firmly reinforce the entire wall construc tion and hold it against cracking.
  • the long beams shown in Fig. 9, with the under pinning and the grooves 19 serve as a support for the shorter sections 10 and the tongues fit into the grooves. These shorter sections are united by the tongues and grooves at the ends.
  • the reinforcin. wires 20 extend,
  • the building construction here disclosed embodies the use ofsimple duplicate elements which may be cheaply manufactured and readily assembled to form outside walls and intermediate partitions for buildings.
  • a wall of the character described including a series of hollow, vertical sectional posts having alternate tongues and grooves formed to interlock the meeting ends of the sections, and vertical grooves in said posts in the line of the wall, a series of superimposed concrete slabs with interlocking tongues and grooves upon their horizontal meeting edges, and tongues upon their vertical ends to engage the vertical grooves of the posts, and the contiguous slabs, and bonding members by which said slabs and posts are united.

Description

E. NOTTEBOHM.
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.
APPLICATION FILED 'JAN.22, 1919.
Patented my ,1 19200 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.
Application filed January 22, 1919.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDWARD NOTTEBOHM, a citizen of Germany, residing at Manila,
in the Philippine Islands, have invented new and usefulImprovements in Building Construction, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates, to building construction. I
It is the principal object of this invention to provide elements for use in building construction which are preferably made of concrete and which may be readily assembled and optionally arranged to produce building structures of various design, at the same time utilizing a minimum of material and providing an entirely fire-proof structure.
The present invention contemplates the use of sectional blocks which interlock with each other to form columns and which are further provided with receiving grooves into which the edges of interlocking wall slabs may be positioned, all of said members being formed of concrete.
The invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure I is a view in perspective illustrating afragmentary portion of a wall disclosing the wall slabs and the columns.
Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation illustratin one of the wall slabs.
igs. 3 and 4 are views in sideand end elevation respectively disclosing the tongues and grooves of the slabs.
Fig. 5 is a View in plan elevation illustrating one of the column blocks.
Fig. 6 is a view in vertical section through the block as seen on the line 66 of Fig. 5.
Figs. 7 and 8 are views in plan and section respectively disclosing another form of column block.
Fig. 9 is a view in perspective illustrating a beam used in the present construction.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, 10 indicates slabs which are particularly shown in Figs. 2, 3 and l as having marginal tongues 11 on two of their edges and correspondin grooves 12 upon the two opposite edges. hese slabs are quite thin and may be combined to form a narrow paitition wall, as shown in Fig. 1. The grooves at the ends are provided with interlocking pins 13 which project into corresponding recesses in the contiguous ends of the adjacent slabs.
Specification of Letters Patent.
"Patented. July 6,1920.
Serial No. 272,580.
The walls are provided with corner columns 14 and intermediate posts 15. i The corner columns have vertically extendinggrooves 16 which may be brought to register throughout the combined lengths-of the column blocks and will receive the ends ofthe wall-forming blocks. When corner columns I are used for a simple wall the grooves only extend down two sides ,of the columns, as shown in Fig. 7. When the columns are made for intermediate bracing of the wall the grooves are formed upon the opposite sides, as shown in Fig. 5. It will be readily understood, however, that the column blocks may be of any design to accommodate one or more partitions and will thus be formed with a proper number of grooves 16.
The columns are composite and are formed with a series of superimposed blocks having upwardly extending lips 17 and recessed cavities 18 into which the lip of the lower block projects. It is'preferred, from an economical standpoint, to form these blocks hollow and they may thus be built up and cemented together along their horizontal joints to combine with the courses of the slabs and form the complete structure. When permanent structures are built it is desirable to superimpose the walls formed of the slabs upon beams, as shown in Fig. 9. These beams extend and rest upon underpinning and are formed with upper grooves 19 into which the lower edges of the slabs may rest. The beams may be reinforced throughout their length as desired. In fact, when building large structures as shown, it may be desirable to reinforce the walls between the columns and this is done by suitably anchoring reinforcing wires'20 to the columns and stretchingfthem along the horizontal joints between the wall slabs. They will thus combine; to hold the columns together and when embedded within the cement applied to the joints of the slabs will firmly reinforce the entire wall construc tion and hold it against cracking. The long beams shown in Fig. 9, with the under pinning and the grooves 19 serve as a support for the shorter sections 10 and the tongues fit into the grooves. These shorter sections are united by the tongues and grooves at the ends. The reinforcin. wires 20 extend,
of a frail nature and the tongue and groove portion of the adjacent blocks is quite narrow, it is comparatively weak when it crosses the vertical joints of the shorter blocks and the metal reinforcements at these points are necessary to preserve the joints against jars, shocks or settling which would destroy or weaken these joints.
It will thus be seen that the building construction here disclosed embodies the use ofsimple duplicate elements which may be cheaply manufactured and readily assembled to form outside walls and intermediate partitions for buildings.
While I have shown the preferred form of my invention as now known to me, I wish it understood that various changesmay be made in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of my invention as claimed.
Having thus described my invention,
what I'claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: r
A wall of the character described, including a series of hollow, vertical sectional posts having alternate tongues and grooves formed to interlock the meeting ends of the sections, and vertical grooves in said posts in the line of the wall, a series of superimposed concrete slabs with interlocking tongues and grooves upon their horizontal meeting edges, and tongues upon their vertical ends to engage the vertical grooves of the posts, and the contiguous slabs, and bonding members by which said slabs and posts are united.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
EDWARD NOTTEBOHM. Witnesses:
LAzARo PoRMARIo, REYNALDO BENNESA.
US272580A 1919-01-22 1919-01-22 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US1345871A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US272580A US1345871A (en) 1919-01-22 1919-01-22 Building construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US272580A US1345871A (en) 1919-01-22 1919-01-22 Building construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1345871A true US1345871A (en) 1920-07-06

Family

ID=23040403

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US272580A Expired - Lifetime US1345871A (en) 1919-01-22 1919-01-22 Building construction

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1345871A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5233810A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-08-10 Jennings Stephen R Method of constructing a wall
US20100011705A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-21 Lasertron, Inc. Column segment
US8341907B1 (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-01 Gourley Mervin D Structurally reinforced modular buildings

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5233810A (en) * 1991-12-13 1993-08-10 Jennings Stephen R Method of constructing a wall
US20100011705A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-01-21 Lasertron, Inc. Column segment
US8341907B1 (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-01 Gourley Mervin D Structurally reinforced modular buildings
WO2013154614A3 (en) * 2012-04-09 2015-06-11 Gourley Mervin D Structurally reinforced modular buildings

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1924801A (en) Concrete building
US2881614A (en) Building or construction blocks
US1516074A (en) Concrete building construction
US3449878A (en) Building bricks or blocks and structures utilising the same
US2184714A (en) Building construction
US1474808A (en) Method of tunnel construction
US2176986A (en) Building construction
US1381823A (en) Building component
US1911626A (en) larzelere
US802903A (en) Building-block and wall construction.
US1345871A (en) Building construction
US937142A (en) Method of producing concrete structures.
US791875A (en) Building construction.
US2012024A (en) Building block and wall construction
US1053646A (en) Building construction.
US1504816A (en) Lintel and other structure of reenforced brickwork
US2124430A (en) Building construction and block therefor
US1889699A (en) Masonry wall and wall unit
US1448613A (en) Wall
US749812A (en) Fireproof building construction
US1619737A (en) Precast plastic composition structural parts and means for uniting the same
US959629A (en) Concrete block and wall construction.
US1377718A (en) Concrete or like building-block or slab
US1508325A (en) Concrete building construction
US2210940A (en) Take-off wall