US1189005A - Folding ax. - Google Patents

Folding ax. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1189005A
US1189005A US2656615A US1189005A US 1189005 A US1189005 A US 1189005A US 2656615 A US2656615 A US 2656615A US 1189005 A US1189005 A US 1189005A
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Prior art keywords
handle
shank
dog
ax
projection
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Martin E Seely
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Martin E Seely
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B23/00Axes; Hatchets

Description

M. E. SEELY.

FOLDING AX.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 7. 1915.

1 1 89,005. Patented June 27, 1916.

MARTIN E. SEELY, OF- LORAIN, OHIO.

FOLDING AX.

Specification of Letters Patent. Patented June 2'? 1916.

Application filed May 7, 1915. Serial No. 26,566.

T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, MAn'rrN E. SEELY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lorain in the county of Lorain and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Folding Axes, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to axes and more particularly to campers or hunters folding axes. In this type of device some provision must be made for locking the ax shaft in alinement with the handle so as to prevent the ax blade from accidentally folding onto the operators hands.

It is the object of this invention to provide novel means for efiectively locking the ax in operative or inoperative positions.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device of this character embodying a handle having an ax-holding shaft pivotally connected thereto so as to aline with the handle or be folded with the edge of the blade concealed within the handle and also to provide locking means for holding the shaft in extended or folded positions.

Further objects of the invention will appear as the following specific description is read in connection with the accompanying drawings which form a part of this application and in which Figure 1 is a side elevation showing the parts in operative position. Fig. 2 is a similar view with the shaft folded upon the handle. Fig. 3 is a detail longitudinal section showing the locking dogs.

Referring more particularly to the drawings the ax comprises generally a handle 1, a shaft or shank 2 and a blade 3 carried by the shank. The handle consists of a back 4 to which are secured the end pieces 5 and the separated side plates 6. The forward end pieces 5 are separated in the usual manner and have passing therethrough a pivot pin or rivet 7 to which the inner headed end 8 of the shank 2 is pivoted. This head 8 is substantially circular in outline and has a pair of notches 9 and 10 formed therein, the former producing shoulders 11 and 12 and the latter the shoulders 13 and 14. Pivoted between the side plates 6 on a stud 15 is a locking dog 16 having a projection 17 at one end arranged to engage either of the notches 9 or 10, and at the opposite end with a thumb-piece 18 the dog is provided with an inwardly extending V-shaped projection 19 which lies in between the legs of a V-shaped auxiliary locking dog 20 also pivoted upon the stud 21 extending across the side plates. The locking dog 20 has its leg forward of the projection 19 made relatively wide so as to have a projecting finger hold 22 and a notch engaging projection 23. Both dogs are held in operative position with their projections 17 and 23 normally adapted to engage the notches by means of a spring 24 whose intermediate loop portion is engaged around a pin 25 and whose opposite legs respectively engage the under side of the thumb-piece and a projection 26, the latter being formed on the inner leg of the dog 20. It will be noticed that when the shank 2 is alined with the handle and the projection 17 engaged with the notch 9, that the end of the dog 16 will abut against the shoulder 11 preventing rearward movement of the shank while the projection 23 abuts against the shoulder- 13 and prevents forward movement of the shank. The shank is also held against forward movement by the rear edge of the proj ection 17 engaging the shoulder 12 and the shank is held against rearward movement by the projection 23 engaging the shoulder 14:. In other words, I have provided a double lock for preventing movement of the shank in either direction when both dogs are engaged with their respective notches. It will also be noticed that when the locking dog 16 is in operative position with its projection 17 engaging with the notch 9 the locking dog 20 will have its projection engaged with the notch 10 and that the thumb-piece cannot be operated to release the projection 17 from the notch 9 owing to the fact that the V-shaped projection 19 is engaged with the outer leg of the locking dog 20 which must be first drawn to inoperative position before the dog 16 can be released.

It is, of course, understood that the dog 20 being normally placed into operative position, 'the head must be constantly held out of engagement with the head while the dog 16 is being released and thus as it is impossible to accidentally disengage both dogs simultaneously, the shank and blade will be maintained in operative position until manually released. When both dogs are released, as for instance, by withdrawing the dog 20 with the fore-finger and releasing the dog 16 by pressure of the thumb upon the thumb-piece 18 the shank may be turned to the position shown in Fig. 2 with the edge of the blade 3 concealed between the side plates. When in this position, the projection 17 will engage the notch 10 and hold the parts in folded position until the dog 16 is released. The handle being recessed to receive the edge of the blade when folded, the ax may be conveniently carried in the pocket without danger.

WVhat is claimed is 1. In a folding ax, a recessed handle, a pivoted blade shank having notches formed therein at substantially opposite sides, two pivoted spring pressed dogs mounted in said handle, one of which is positioned to engage either of the notches according as the blade is folded or extended, and the other positioned to engage one of the notches when the blade is extended, the said dogs being operable from opposite sides of the handle.

2. In a folding ax, a recessed handle, a pivoted blade shank having notches formed therein at substantially opposite sides of the pivot, two pivoted spring pressed dogs mounted. in said handle, one of which is positioned to engage either of the notches according as the blade is folded or extended, and the other positioned to engage one of the notches when the blade is extended and contacting with the first mentioned dog to hold the same against release when the shank is extended, said dogs being operable from opposite sides of the handle.

In testimony whereof I ali'iX my signature in presence of two witnesses.

MARTIN E. SEELY.

WVitnesses H. G. VAUcnN, T. N. MORGAN.

copies of thil patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, I). 0.

US1189005A 1915-05-07 1915-05-07 Folding ax. Expired - Lifetime US1189005A (en)

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US1189005A US1189005A (en) 1915-05-07 1915-05-07 Folding ax.

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US1189005A US1189005A (en) 1915-05-07 1915-05-07 Folding ax.

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2793664A (en) * 1955-05-20 1957-05-28 Sr Fred R Warrington Folding pack axe
US2989100A (en) * 1960-09-29 1961-06-20 Burdis William Collapsible hand axe
US4391043A (en) * 1981-10-26 1983-07-05 Howard Sizemore Knife with removable blades
US5261164A (en) * 1992-10-08 1993-11-16 Bellegante Curtis L Swiveled axe and hatchet
US5737841A (en) * 1996-07-12 1998-04-14 Mchenry; William J. Pocket knife with lock
US6591504B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2003-07-15 Kat U.S.A. Ltd. Folding knife with safety lock
US20030213134A1 (en) * 2000-11-07 2003-11-20 Sog Specialty Knives, Inc. Folding knife with blade lock
US20040148781A1 (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-08-05 Permar John W. Locking folding knife and associated methods
US6792683B1 (en) * 2002-10-07 2004-09-21 Judd D. Nordstrom Foldable ax
US20040181904A1 (en) * 2002-12-18 2004-09-23 Gordon Steltzer Foldable forcible entry tools
US20040244205A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2004-12-09 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US20050097754A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-05-12 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Dba Kershaw Knives Adjustable blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050097755A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-12 Galyean Timothy J. Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20050132576A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-06-23 Onion Kenneth J. Blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050229401A1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-20 Onion Kenneth J Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US20050241154A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2005-11-03 Lake Ronald W Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US7062857B1 (en) 2002-10-23 2006-06-20 Taylor Cutlery Llc Knife with blade lock and lanyard lock
US20060174490A1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-08-10 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20070068000A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2007-03-29 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Closable knife with opening mechanism
US20080301949A1 (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-12-11 Agnete Enga Pruning saw
US20090165308A1 (en) * 2007-12-27 2009-07-02 Iron Bridge Tools (Ibt) Holding, Llc Utility knife with folding mechanism
US7774939B1 (en) 2004-04-16 2010-08-17 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Stud-lock knife
US8161653B2 (en) 2007-11-12 2012-04-24 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding tool having a rotatable locking mechanism
WO2017182710A1 (en) 2016-04-18 2017-10-26 Heikki Kärnä Axe

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2793664A (en) * 1955-05-20 1957-05-28 Sr Fred R Warrington Folding pack axe
US2989100A (en) * 1960-09-29 1961-06-20 Burdis William Collapsible hand axe
US4391043A (en) * 1981-10-26 1983-07-05 Howard Sizemore Knife with removable blades
US5261164A (en) * 1992-10-08 1993-11-16 Bellegante Curtis L Swiveled axe and hatchet
US6122829A (en) * 1996-07-12 2000-09-26 Mentor Group, L.L.C. Folding tool
US5737841A (en) * 1996-07-12 1998-04-14 Mchenry; William J. Pocket knife with lock
US6574869B1 (en) 1996-07-12 2003-06-10 Mentor Group Llc Folding pocket knife with a lock
WO1999052687A1 (en) 1996-07-12 1999-10-21 Mentor Group, L.L.C. Folding pocket knife with a lock
USRE41259E1 (en) * 1996-07-12 2010-04-27 Mentor Group Llc Folding pocket knife with a lock
USRE42906E1 (en) * 1999-04-19 2011-11-15 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Folding knife with safety lock
US7340838B2 (en) 2000-01-14 2008-03-11 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Folding knife with safety lock
US20040088865A1 (en) * 2000-01-14 2004-05-13 Onion Kenneth J. Folding knife with safety lock
US20030213134A1 (en) * 2000-11-07 2003-11-20 Sog Specialty Knives, Inc. Folding knife with blade lock
US7059053B2 (en) * 2000-11-07 2006-06-13 Kimi Sakai Folding knife with blade lock
US6591504B2 (en) 2001-07-12 2003-07-15 Kat U.S.A. Ltd. Folding knife with safety lock
US6792683B1 (en) * 2002-10-07 2004-09-21 Judd D. Nordstrom Foldable ax
US7062857B1 (en) 2002-10-23 2006-06-20 Taylor Cutlery Llc Knife with blade lock and lanyard lock
US20040181904A1 (en) * 2002-12-18 2004-09-23 Gordon Steltzer Foldable forcible entry tools
US20040148781A1 (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-08-05 Permar John W. Locking folding knife and associated methods
US7222429B2 (en) * 2003-01-28 2007-05-29 Permar Jr John W Locking folding knife and associated methods
US7313866B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2008-01-01 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US20060123632A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2006-06-15 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US7107686B2 (en) 2003-02-06 2006-09-19 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US20040244205A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2004-12-09 Buck Knives, Inc. Spring assist knife
US20050241154A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2005-11-03 Lake Ronald W Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US7140110B2 (en) 2003-06-04 2006-11-28 Lake Ronald W Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20050097754A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-05-12 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Dba Kershaw Knives Adjustable blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US7296355B2 (en) 2003-10-10 2007-11-20 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Adjustable blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050097755A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-12 Galyean Timothy J. Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US20050132576A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-06-23 Onion Kenneth J. Blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US7395599B2 (en) 2003-11-18 2008-07-08 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Blade-assisting mechanism for a folding knife
US20050229401A1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-20 Onion Kenneth J Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US7774939B1 (en) 2004-04-16 2010-08-17 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Stud-lock knife
US7506446B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2009-03-24 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US20060174490A1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-08-10 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US7458159B2 (en) 2004-11-12 2008-12-02 Kai U.S.A., Ltd. Folding knife having a locking mechanism
US8307555B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2012-11-13 Onion Kenneth J Closable knife with opening mechanism
US8001693B2 (en) 2005-06-03 2011-08-23 Onion Kenneth J Closable knife with opening mechanism
US20110203115A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2011-08-25 Onion Kenneth J Closable knife with opening mechanism
US20070068000A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2007-03-29 Kai U.S.A., Ltd., Dba Kershaw Knives Closable knife with opening mechanism
US20080301949A1 (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-12-11 Agnete Enga Pruning saw
US8161653B2 (en) 2007-11-12 2012-04-24 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding tool having a rotatable locking mechanism
US20090165308A1 (en) * 2007-12-27 2009-07-02 Iron Bridge Tools (Ibt) Holding, Llc Utility knife with folding mechanism
WO2017182710A1 (en) 2016-04-18 2017-10-26 Heikki Kärnä Axe

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