US1003978A - Combined wrench and pliers. - Google Patents

Combined wrench and pliers. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1003978A
US1003978A US51308809A US1909513088A US1003978A US 1003978 A US1003978 A US 1003978A US 51308809 A US51308809 A US 51308809A US 1909513088 A US1909513088 A US 1909513088A US 1003978 A US1003978 A US 1003978A
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Prior art keywords
pliers
jaws
members
wrench
lever
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Expired - Lifetime
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US51308809A
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John Harden Brooks
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CHARLES D ATKINSON
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CHARLES D ATKINSON
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Priority to US51308809A priority Critical patent/US1003978A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/06Joints
    • B25B7/10Joints with adjustable fulcrum

Description

J. H. BRUOKS. COMBINED WRENCH AND PLIEBS. APrLIoATIoN Hum 1110.16, 1909.
1,003,978. Patented Sept. 26, 1911.
UTT STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOI-IN HARDEN BROOKS, 0F FONDA, IOWA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-FOURTH '10 JOSEPH H. ALLEN AND ONE-FOURTH TO CHARLES D. ATKINSON, OF POCAHONTAS, IOWA.
COMBINED W'RENC- AND PLIERS.V
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 26, 1911.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN H. BnooKs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fonda, in the county of Pocahontas and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Combined Wrench and Pliers, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to a combined wrench and pliers.
The object of the presen-t invention is to provide a simple, inexpensive and efficient tool, adapted`it'or use either as a pair of pliers or a wrench, and capable of being quickly and easily adjusted to arrange it for operating on the desired object.
A further object of the invention is to provide a tool of this character, equipped with jaws arranged substantially in parallelism when the members are closed, and adapted to engage various objects, such as pipes, nuts, etc., with the square grip of a monkey wrench and without injuring the object or hurting the hand of the person using the tool.
Vith these and other objects in view, the
invention consists in the construction and novel combination of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing, and pointed out in the claim hereto appended; it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, size and minor details of construction, within the scope of the claim, may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
In the drawing t-Figure 1 is a side elevation of a combined wrench and pliers, constructed in accordance with this invention. F i0'. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view, taken at right angles to Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a top plan view. Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional View, taken substantially on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1.
Like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawing.
The combined wrench and pliers comprises in its construction two members 1 and 2, having inner handle portions and provided with outer laterally extending jaws 3 and Il, arranged substantially at right angles to the bars or members 1 and 2. The jaws 3 and 4 are provided with outer smooth portions 5, and have inner transverse corrugations or teeth G, whereby the jaws are adapted to firmly grip and securely hold any object, which may be placed between the jaws. Also the aws by being arranged at substantially right angles to the bars or members are disposed in parallelism when the handle portions of the said bars or members are at the limit of their relative inward movement, whereby the jaws are adapted to grip a nut or other object with the square grip of a monkey wrench. The bar or member l is provided at an intermediate point with a bend, which spaces the handle portions of the levers from each other when the jaws are closed.
The bar or member 9. is provided adjacent to its jaw 4 with a longitudinal opening 7, forming spaced side walls and a rear connecting wall, as clearly illustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawing. The other member l extends through the opening 7 and is provided adjacent to its jaw 3 with a longitudinal groove and having a. longitudinal series of bearing sockets 8, arranged at intervals at the bottom of the groove and adapted to receive a pivot or stud 9 of a lever 10, whereby the two members are pivotally connected and are adapted to be oscillated to open and close the jaws 3 and 4. The series of bearing .sockets S provide for a relative longitudinal adjustment of the members to vary the distance between the jaws, and as the distance between the jaws increases, the length of the tool correspondingly increases, thereby increasing the leverage or power of the tool. The lever l0 is arranged on the exterior of one of the side walls of the` opening 7 and is provided at a point between its ends with an ear 11, extending into a slot 12 of the adjacent side wall and pivoted to the same by a transverse pin 13, which pierces the ear and also spaced lugs or enlargements 14: of the bar or member 9.. The stud 9 is carried by the upper or outer end of the lever and is maintained in engagef ment with the bar or member 1 by a coiled spring 15, seated against. the inner face of one of the side walls of the longitudinal opening 7 and extending through an opening 16 of the other side wall and bearing againstI the inner face of the adjacent lever 10. The inner end of the lever and the side wall against which the spring bears are equipped with projections 17 and 18, which eXtend into the ends of the coiled spring and maintain the same in position. The tool may be instantly and quickly adjusted by depressing' the inner end of the lever and sliding the bars or members longitudinally of each other to arrange the aws the desired distance apart. 'Ihe bars or members are provided with wire-receiving notches 19 and 20, forming a wire cutter when the bar or member l is at the inward limit of its relative longitudinal adjustment, and the stud or pivot 9 is seated in the bearing socket at the outer end of the series, as illustrated in Fig. l of the drawing. The wire to be severed is placed in t-he notches when the same are in register, and the members are then operated to carry the notches away from each other, which cuts the wire in the usual manner.
It will be observed that the pivot may be adjusted to space the jaws from each other to accommodate nuts of diiferent sizes, and when vthe pivot is adjusted in the bearing socket nearest the jaws, the handles may be swung on the pivot to bring the straight outer faces of the jaws in contact. In this position, the tool may be operated as a pair of pliers.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent,is:-
A tool of the class described including two members, each provided at one end with a handle and at the other end with a jaw, one of the members being also formed adjacent to its jaw with a longitudinal opening to receive the other member and the latter having a plurality of perforations adjacent to its jaw, a lever fulcrumed between its ends on the exterior of the member having the longitudinal opening and provided at its outer end with a pivot piercing the adjacent side wall of the said opening and engaging with one of the bearings, and a. spring seated against the inner face of the opposite side wall of the said opening and extending across the latter and through the opposite wall thereof and bearing against the inner end of the lever.
In testimony, that I claim the foregoing Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.
US51308809A 1909-08-16 1909-08-16 Combined wrench and pliers. Expired - Lifetime US1003978A (en)

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