TW201834778A - Feeding mechanism of bus bar and feeding method - Google Patents

Feeding mechanism of bus bar and feeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201834778A
TW201834778A TW107101383A TW107101383A TW201834778A TW 201834778 A TW201834778 A TW 201834778A TW 107101383 A TW107101383 A TW 107101383A TW 107101383 A TW107101383 A TW 107101383A TW 201834778 A TW201834778 A TW 201834778A
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
busbar
bus bar
feeding
bus
driving
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TW107101383A
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Chinese (zh)
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TWI640385B (en
Inventor
姜勇
吳云強
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大陸商無錫先導智能裝備股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201710174478.XA priority patent/CN106825839A/en
Application filed by 大陸商無錫先導智能裝備股份有限公司 filed Critical 大陸商無錫先導智能裝備股份有限公司
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Publication of TWI640385B publication Critical patent/TWI640385B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K3/00Tools, devices, or special appurtenances for soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering, not specially adapted for particular methods
    • B23K3/08Auxiliary devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D15/00Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves
    • B23D15/02Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves having both upper and lower moving blades
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

A feeding mechanism of bus bar is provided and has a frame. A bus bar roller for recycling bus bars is installed on the frame. A bus bar clamping mechanism, a bus bar cutting mechanism, a clamping jaw, and a bus bar transporting mechanism are disposed in sequence on a side of the bus bar roller along a recycling direction. The bus bar clamping mechanism is adapted to clamp the bus bar. The bus bar cutting mechanism is adapted to cut the bus bar. The clamping jaw is disposed on a moving end of a dragging mechanism. The bus bar transporting mechanism has a sucking disc, an up and down driving mechanism, and a transporting mechanism which are disposed on the top side of the bus bar. The sucking disc is connected to the transporting mechanism via the up and down driving mechanism. The transporting mechanism drives the sucking disc to move on a delivery mechanism which a battery module is placed on.

Description

匯流排的供料機構以及供料方法Feeding mechanism and method of busbar
本發明是有關於一種供料機構,且特別是有關於一種匯流排的供料機構及供料方法。The invention relates to a feeding mechanism, and in particular to a feeding mechanism and a feeding method for a busbar.
光伏技術的發展推動著與太陽能電池板相關產業的不斷壯大,對太陽能設備的需求也日趨增加。The development of photovoltaic technology has promoted the continuous growth of industries related to solar panels, and the demand for solar equipment has also increased.
在太陽能元件生產過程中,需要將太陽能電池板焊接成電池模組。太陽能電池板串焊機是用於將檢測完好的電池板通過焊帶焊接成串,並把焊接好的電池模組加以分類收集的設備,此在電池板製造中被廣泛應用。During the production of solar elements, solar panels need to be welded into battery modules. The solar cell string welding machine is a device for welding the well-tested battery panels into a string through a welding tape, and sorting and collecting the welded battery modules. This device is widely used in the manufacture of battery panels.
現有技術的電池模組在焊接完成後,還需操作人員利用匯流排把露出電池模組的焊帶頭焊接在一起,這一過程中,操作人員需要利用模版校準電池模組和匯流排的位置,並用膠帶貼好固定位置,再用電烙鐵加焊錫絲把焊帶和匯流排焊接好。現有的作業方式需要較多的人力,且對於操作人員的熟練度要求也很高。如果串焊機在焊接電池模組的同時能完成匯流排的焊接,這將大大提高效率,也能節約成本,自動化程度高。After the welding of the prior art battery module is completed, the operator also needs to use a bus bar to weld the welding heads that expose the battery module together. In this process, the operator needs to use a template to calibrate the positions of the battery module and the bus bar. And fix the fixed position with tape, and then use a soldering iron and solder wire to weld the welding tape and the bus bar. Existing operation methods require more manpower, and have higher requirements for the proficiency of operators. If the string welding machine can complete the welding of the bus bar while welding the battery module, this will greatly improve the efficiency, can also save costs, and have a high degree of automation.
本發明提供一種匯流排的供料機構以及供料方法,實現匯流排的供料,使串焊機在焊接電池模組的同時完成匯流排的焊接,能夠達成降低成本,提高效率以及自動化程度高的目的。The invention provides a bus bar feeding mechanism and a feeding method, which realizes the feeding of the bus bar, so that the string welding machine can complete the welding of the bus bar while welding the battery module, which can reduce costs, improve efficiency and have a high degree of automation. the goal of.
一種匯流排的供料機構,包括一機架。在機架上安裝用於放出一匯流排的一匯流排捲筒,在匯流排捲筒的一側沿著一放料方向依序配置一匯流排夾緊機構、一匯流排切斷機構、一夾爪以及一匯流排轉運機構。匯流排夾緊機構用以夾緊匯流排。匯流排切斷機構用以切斷匯流排。夾爪設置在一拉料驅動裝置的一運動端上,以達到夾爪沿著放料方向的移動。匯流排轉運機構包括設置於匯流排上方的一吸盤、一上下驅動裝置及一轉運驅動裝置。吸盤通過上下驅動裝置連接至轉運驅動裝置,轉運驅動裝置驅動吸盤移動至用於放置一電池模組的一輸送機構上方。A bus bar feeding mechanism includes a rack. A busbar drum for releasing a busbar is installed on a rack, and a busbar clamping mechanism, a busbar cutting mechanism, and a Gripper and a bus transfer mechanism. The bus bar clamping mechanism is used for clamping the bus bar. The busbar cutting mechanism is used to cut off the busbar. The clamping jaw is arranged on a moving end of a material pulling driving device so as to achieve the movement of the clamping jaw along the discharging direction. The bus transfer mechanism includes a suction cup disposed above the bus, an up-down driving device, and a transfer driving device. The suction cup is connected to the transfer driving device through an up-and-down driving device, and the transfer driving device drives the suction cup to move above a conveying mechanism for placing a battery module.
在本發明的一實施例中,上述的轉運驅動裝置進一步設有一旋轉機構。上下驅動裝置通過旋轉機構連接至轉運驅動裝置。In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned transfer driving device further includes a rotation mechanism. The up and down driving device is connected to the transfer driving device through a rotation mechanism.
在本發明的一實施例中,在匯流排捲筒與匯流排夾緊機構之間配置一整形機構。In an embodiment of the present invention, a shaping mechanism is disposed between the bus bar drum and the bus clamping mechanism.
在本發明的一實施例中,上述的匯流排捲筒與一放卷驅動裝置連接,放卷驅動裝置驅動匯流排捲筒轉動,以達到匯流排捲筒的放卷。In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned bus bar is connected with a unwinding driving device, and the unwinding driving device drives the bus bar to rotate to achieve the unwinding of the bus bar.
在本發明的一實施例中,在匯流排捲筒與匯流排夾緊機構之間設置一張力回饋機構,張力回饋機構包括可豎直滑動地設置在機架上的一連接塊,連接塊上設置一過輥,連接塊下端連接一配重塊,放卷驅動裝置根據張力回饋機構的張力回饋資訊,以調節匯流排捲筒的放卷速度,進而控制匯流排的張力。In an embodiment of the present invention, a force feedback mechanism is provided between the busbar drum and the busbar clamping mechanism, and the tension feedback mechanism includes a connection block slidably disposed on the frame, and the connection block is provided on the connection block. A passing roller is arranged, and a weight block is connected to the lower end of the connecting block. The unwinding driving device adjusts the unwinding speed of the bus bar according to the tension feedback information of the tension feedback mechanism, thereby controlling the tension of the bus bar.
在本發明的一實施例中,上述的匯流排轉運機構進一步包括一下承托件。下承托件與下承托件驅動裝置連接,以達到下承托件的上下移動。In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned bus bar transfer mechanism further includes a supporting member. The lower supporting member is connected with the driving device of the lower supporting member to achieve the vertical movement of the lower supporting member.
在本發明的一實施例中,上述的連接塊通過一滑塊而可滑動地設置在一導軌上,導軌與匯流排的放料方向垂直安裝。In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned connecting block is slidably disposed on a guide rail through a slider, and the guide rail is installed perpendicularly to a discharging direction of the bus bar.
一種匯流排的供料方法,包括一夾爪夾住一匯流排,並沿著一放料方向將匯流排拉至一設定位置;一匯流排夾緊機構夾緊匯流排;一下承托件托住匯流排,一吸盤向下移動以吸住匯流排;一匯流排切斷機構切斷匯流排;一夾爪鬆開匯流排,吸盤和匯流排向上收回;然後吸盤和匯流排朝向一輸送機構的一側移動,在吸盤和匯流排到達輸送機構上方後,吸盤和匯流排向下移動,且吸盤鬆開匯流排,以將匯流排放置在輸送機構上的一電池模組的一起始端,使匯流排與一焊帶連接;以及重複上述步驟,以輸送另一個匯流排,並放置在輸送機構上的電池模組的一末端,使匯流排與電池模組末端的一焊帶連接。A method for feeding a bus bar includes clamping a bus bar by a clamping jaw, and pulling the bus bar to a set position along a discharging direction; a bus bar clamping mechanism clamping the bus bar; and a lower supporting piece. Hold the busbar, a suction cup moves down to suck the busbar; a busbar cutting mechanism cuts the busbar; a gripper releases the busbar, the suction cup and the busbar are retracted upwards; then the suction cup and the busbar are directed toward a conveying mechanism After the suction cup and the busbar reach the conveying mechanism, the suction cup and the busbar move downward, and the suction cup releases the busbar to place the busbar on a starting end of a battery module on the conveying mechanism, so that The bus bar is connected to a welding tape; and the above steps are repeated to transport another bus bar and placed on one end of the battery module on the conveying mechanism, so that the bus bar is connected to a welding tape at the end of the battery module.
一種整合匯流排供料機構的串焊機,包括一匯流排供料機構。匯流排供料機構用於將匯流排放置於一電池模組的一前端及/或一後端,一串焊機在進行電池模組焊接的同時,將位於電池模組前端及/或後端的匯流排焊接在電池模組上。A string welding machine integrating a busbar feeding mechanism includes a busbar feeding mechanism. The busbar feeding mechanism is used to place the busbar discharge at a front end and / or a rear end of a battery module. A string of welding machines will perform battery module welding while placing the battery at the front and / or rear end of the battery module. The bus is soldered to the battery module.
一種整合匯流排供料機構的串焊機,包括一匯流排供料機構。匯流排供料機構是如前述的供料機構。A string welding machine integrating a busbar feeding mechanism includes a busbar feeding mechanism. The busbar feeding mechanism is the aforementioned feeding mechanism.
基於上述,本發明具有以下有益效果:(1)本發明的匯流排供料機構結構簡單、成本低;(2)本發明將匯流排焊接整合到串焊機中,與使用串焊機進行串焊同步,可完成位在電池模組的前端及/或後端的匯流排的焊接,可提高效率且自動化程度高。Based on the above, the present invention has the following beneficial effects: (1) the busbar feeding mechanism of the present invention has a simple structure and low cost; (2) the present invention integrates the welding of the busbar into a string welding machine and performs stringing with the string welding machine. Welding synchronization can complete the welding of the busbars located at the front and / or back of the battery module, which can improve efficiency and high degree of automation.
為讓本發明的上述特徵和優點能更明顯易懂,下文特舉實施例,並配合所附圖式作詳細說明如下。In order to make the above features and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, embodiments are hereinafter described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
下面結合具體附圖對本發明作進一步說明。圖1為本發明一實施例的匯流排的供料機構的外觀平面示意圖。圖2為圖1的匯流排的供料機構的俯視示意圖。The present invention is further described below with reference to specific drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view of an external appearance of a feeding mechanism of a bus bar according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the feeding mechanism of the busbar of FIG. 1.
以下具體實施方式的描述中,座標參考圖1,以圖1中垂直紙面向裡的方向為前,垂直紙面向外的方向為後,以圖1中的左右方向為左右,圖1中的上下方向為上下。In the description of the following specific embodiments, the coordinates refer to FIG. 1, with the direction of the vertical paper facing in FIG. 1 as the front, the direction of the vertical paper facing outward as the rear, and the left and right directions in FIG. 1 as the left and right, and the up and down directions in FIG. 1. The direction is up and down.
如圖1、圖2所示,本發明匯流排的供料機構包括機架101,且在機架101上安裝用於放出一匯流排308的一匯流排捲筒103,在匯流排捲筒103的一側沿著一放料方向依序配置的一匯流排夾緊機構、一匯流排切斷機構、一夾爪以及一匯流排轉運機構。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the bus bar feeding mechanism of the present invention includes a rack 101, and a bus bar reel 103 for releasing a bus 308 is installed on the rack 101. A bus bar clamping mechanism, a bus bar cutting mechanism, a clamping jaw, and a bus transfer mechanism are sequentially arranged along one discharge direction on the other side.
匯流排夾緊機構用以夾緊匯流排308。The bus bar clamping mechanism is used for clamping the bus bar 308.
匯流排切斷機構用以切斷匯流排308。The busbar cutting mechanism is used to cut off the busbar 308.
夾爪設置在一拉料驅動裝置的一運動端上,以達到夾爪沿著放料方向的移動。匯流排轉運機構包括設置於匯流排308上方的一吸盤、一上下驅動裝置及一轉運驅動裝置。吸盤通過上下驅動裝置連接至轉運驅動裝置,以達到吸盤的上下移動及水平運動。轉運驅動裝置驅動吸盤移動至用於放置電池模組的輸送機構上方。The clamping jaw is arranged on a moving end of a material pulling driving device so as to achieve the movement of the clamping jaw along the discharging direction. The bus transfer mechanism includes a suction cup, an up and down driving device, and a transfer driving device disposed above the bus 308. The suction cup is connected to the transfer driving device through the up-and-down driving device to achieve the up-and-down movement and horizontal movement of the suction cup. The transfer driving device drives the suction cup to move above the conveying mechanism for placing the battery module.
進一步而言,轉運驅動裝置進一步設有一旋轉機構。上下驅動裝置通過旋轉機構連接至轉運驅動裝置,以達到吸盤的水平旋轉。在匯流排捲筒103與匯流排夾緊機構之間配置一整形機構。此外,匯流排捲筒103與一放卷驅動裝置連接,放卷驅動裝置驅動匯流排捲筒103轉動,以達到匯流排捲筒103的放卷。Further, the transfer driving device is further provided with a rotation mechanism. The up and down driving device is connected to the transfer driving device through a rotation mechanism to achieve horizontal rotation of the suction cup. A shaping mechanism is arranged between the busbar drum 103 and the busbar clamping mechanism. In addition, the bus bar reel 103 is connected to an unwinding driving device, and the unwinding driving device drives the bus bar reel 103 to rotate to achieve the unwinding of the bus bar 103.
在本實施例中,在匯流排捲筒103與匯流排夾緊機構之間設置一張力回饋機構,張力回饋機構包括可豎直滑動地設置在機架101上的一連接塊106,連接塊106上設置一過輥,連接塊106下端連接一配重塊,放卷驅動裝置根據張力回饋機構的張力回饋資訊,以調節匯流排捲筒103的放卷速度,進而控制匯流排308的張力。In this embodiment, a force feedback mechanism is provided between the busbar drum 103 and the busbar clamping mechanism, and the tension feedback mechanism includes a connection block 106 that is slidably disposed on the frame 101, and the connection block 106 An over roller is arranged on the upper side, and a weight block is connected to the lower end of the connecting block 106. The unwinding driving device adjusts the unwinding speed of the bus bar 103 according to the tension feedback information of the tension feedback mechanism, and then controls the tension of the bus 308.
在本實施例中,前述的匯流排轉運機構進一步包括一下承托件。下承托件與下承托件驅動裝置連接,以達到下承托件的上下移動。In this embodiment, the foregoing bus transfer mechanism further includes a supporting member. The lower supporting member is connected with the driving device of the lower supporting member to achieve the vertical movement of the lower supporting member.
在本實施例中,連接塊106通過一滑塊而可滑動地設置在一導軌上,導軌與匯流排308的放料方向垂直安裝。In this embodiment, the connecting block 106 is slidably disposed on a guide rail by a slider, and the guide rail is installed perpendicular to the discharging direction of the bus 308.
以下簡述匯流排的供料方法。夾爪夾住匯流排308,並沿著放料方向將匯流排308拉至一設定位置。匯流排夾緊機構夾緊匯流排308,下承托件托住匯流排308,且吸盤向下移動以吸住匯流排308。接著,匯流排切斷機構切斷匯流排308。夾爪鬆開匯流排308,吸盤307和匯流排308向上收回。然後,吸盤307和匯流排308朝向輸送機構的一側移動,在吸盤307和匯流排308到達輸送機構的上方後,吸盤307和匯流排308向下移動,且吸盤307鬆開匯流排308,以將匯流排放置在輸送機構上的電池模組的一起始端,使匯流排308與一焊帶403連接。之後,可重複上述步驟,以輸送另一個匯流排308,並放置在輸送機構上的電池模組的一末端,使另一個匯流排308與電池模組末端的另一焊帶403連接。The following briefly describes the method of feeding the bus. The clamping jaws clamp the bus bar 308 and pull the bus bar 308 to a set position along the discharging direction. The bus bar clamping mechanism clamps the bus bar 308, the lower supporting member supports the bus bar 308, and the suction cup moves downward to catch the bus bar 308. Next, the busbar cutting mechanism cuts off the busbar 308. The gripper releases the bus bar 308, and the suction cup 307 and the bus bar 308 are retracted upward. Then, the suction cup 307 and the bus bar 308 move toward one side of the conveying mechanism. After the suction cup 307 and the bus bar 308 reach above the conveying mechanism, the suction cup 307 and the bus bar 308 move downward, and the suction cup 307 releases the bus bar 308 to The bus bar is placed on a starting end of the battery module on the conveying mechanism, so that the bus bar 308 is connected to a soldering tape 403. After that, the above steps may be repeated to transport another bus bar 308 and place it on one end of the battery module on the transport mechanism, so that the other bus bar 308 is connected to another soldering tape 403 at the end of the battery module.
在一實施例中,一種整合匯流排供料機構的串焊機包括一匯流排供料機構。匯流排供料機構用於將匯流排308放置於一電池模組的一前端及/或一後端,一串焊機在進行電池模組焊接的同時,將位於電池模組前端及/或後端的匯流排308焊接在電池模組上。In one embodiment, a string welding machine integrating a busbar feeding mechanism includes a busbar feeding mechanism. The busbar feeding mechanism is used to place the busbar 308 at a front end and / or a rear end of a battery module. A string of welding machines will be located at the front and / or rear of the battery module while welding the battery module. The bus bar 308 at the end is welded to the battery module.
在一實施例中,一種整合匯流排供料機構的串焊機包括一匯流排供料機構。匯流排供料機構例如是一種供料機構。In one embodiment, a string welding machine integrating a busbar feeding mechanism includes a busbar feeding mechanism. The busbar feeding mechanism is, for example, a feeding mechanism.
詳細而言,在機架101的右端前側安裝馬達102,馬達102的輸出軸穿過機架101,馬達102的輸出軸上安裝匯流排捲筒103,匯流排捲筒103用於放出匯流排308,匯流排捲筒103的左側設置兩根過輥104,過輥104用於放卷。在機架101的後側豎直安裝導軌105,導軌105上通過滑塊滑動設置連接塊106,連接塊106的下端掛著配重塊107,連接塊106上設置一個過輥104。在匯流排捲筒103放卷的過程中匯流排308繞過過輥104,根據匯流排308的張力不同連接塊106會在導軌105上滑動至相應位置,並監測連接塊106的位置資訊,將位置資訊回饋至一控制器,由控制器相應調節馬達102的轉速,以控制匯流排捲筒103放卷速度,從而達到對匯流排308於放卷過程中張力的控制和調節。In detail, a motor 102 is installed on the right front side of the rack 101, and an output shaft of the motor 102 passes through the rack 101. A bus bar 103 is installed on the output shaft of the motor 102, and the bus bar 103 is used to release the bus bar 308. The left side of the bus bar 103 is provided with two passing rollers 104, and the passing rollers 104 are used for unwinding. A guide rail 105 is vertically installed on the rear side of the rack 101. A connecting block 106 is slidably disposed on the guide rail 105 through a slider. A weight block 107 is hung on the lower end of the connecting block 106, and a passing roller 104 is provided on the connecting block 106. During the unwinding of the bus bar 103, the bus 308 bypasses the roller 104. Depending on the tension of the bus 308, the connecting block 106 will slide on the guide rail 105 to the corresponding position, and the position information of the connecting block 106 will be monitored. The position information is fed back to a controller, and the controller adjusts the rotation speed of the motor 102 accordingly to control the unwinding speed of the bus bar 103, so as to control and adjust the tension of the bus 308 during the unwinding process.
在機架101的後側還設置有多根整形輥201,匯流排308從多根整形輥201之間穿過;在整形輥201的左側設置墊塊202和第一氣缸203,墊塊202和第一氣缸203的伸出杆配合預夾緊匯流排308;在墊塊202和第一氣缸203的左側設置第二氣缸204和第三氣缸205,第二氣缸204的伸出杆連接下切刀,第三氣缸205的伸出杆連接上切刀,第二氣缸204控制的下切刀和第三氣缸205控制的上切刀配合切斷匯流排308。在機架101的左端後側安裝第一電缸301,第一電缸301的側面活動塊上安裝夾爪302,第一電缸301的活動缸沿左右方向移動。在第一電缸301的下方安裝第四氣缸303,在第一電缸301的上方安裝吸盤307,第四氣缸303和吸盤307分別位於匯流排308的上下側,第四氣缸303和吸盤307配合夾住匯流排308,吸盤307安裝在第五氣缸306的伸出杆上,第五氣缸306的缸體固定在扭轉氣缸305的活動端上,扭轉氣缸305安裝在第二電缸304的活動杆上,第二電缸304垂直於機架101安裝在第一電缸301的上方,第二電缸304的活動杆沿前後方向移動。在機架101的左端後側設置輸送帶401,輸送帶401上放置電池板402和焊帶403,電池模組前後連著焊帶403的是兩根匯流排308。A plurality of shaping rollers 201 are also provided on the rear side of the frame 101, and a bus bar 308 passes between the plurality of shaping rollers 201. A cushion block 202 and a first cylinder 203 are provided on the left side of the shaping roller 201, and the cushion blocks 202 and The extension rod of the first cylinder 203 cooperates with the pre-clamping bus 308; the second cylinder 204 and the third cylinder 205 are provided on the left side of the pad 202 and the first cylinder 203, and the extension rod of the second cylinder 204 is connected to the lower cutter, The extension rod of the third cylinder 205 is connected to the upper cutter, and the lower cutter controlled by the second cylinder 204 and the upper cutter controlled by the third cylinder 205 cooperate to cut off the bus 308. A first electric cylinder 301 is installed on the left rear side of the frame 101, a clamping jaw 302 is installed on a side movable block of the first electric cylinder 301, and the movable cylinder of the first electric cylinder 301 moves in the left-right direction. A fourth cylinder 303 is installed below the first electric cylinder 301, and a suction cup 307 is installed above the first electric cylinder 301. The fourth cylinder 303 and the suction cup 307 are located above and below the bus 308, respectively. The fourth cylinder 303 and the suction cup 307 cooperate Clamping the bus 308, the suction cup 307 is mounted on the extension rod of the fifth cylinder 306, the cylinder block of the fifth cylinder 306 is fixed on the movable end of the torsion cylinder 305, and the torsion cylinder 305 is mounted on the movable rod of the second electric cylinder 304 In the above, the second electric cylinder 304 is installed above the first electric cylinder 301 perpendicular to the frame 101, and the movable rod of the second electric cylinder 304 moves in the front-rear direction. A conveyor belt 401 is provided on the left side of the rear end of the rack 101. A battery plate 402 and a welding belt 403 are placed on the conveyor belt 401. Two bus bars 308 are connected to the welding belt 403 at the front and rear of the battery module.
本發明的具體運作過程為:第一電缸301控制夾爪302夾住匯流排308向左拉到固定位置,第一氣缸203伸出,將匯流排308壓在墊塊202上,第四氣缸303向上伸出,托住匯流排308,第五氣缸306向下伸出,將吸盤307吸住匯流排308,第二氣缸204控制下切刀向上,第三氣缸205控制上切刀快速向下,將匯流排308切斷,然後第二氣缸204、第三氣缸205、第四氣缸303、第五氣缸306收回。The specific operation process of the present invention is: the first electric cylinder 301 controls the clamping jaws 302 to clamp the bus bar 308 to the left to a fixed position, the first cylinder 203 extends, and the bus bar 308 is pressed on the pad 202, and the fourth cylinder 303 protrudes upwards, supports the bus 308, the fifth cylinder 306 protrudes downwards, sucks the suction cup 307 to the bus 308, the second cylinder 204 controls the lower cutter to go upward, and the third cylinder 205 controls the upper cutter to go down quickly, The bus 308 is cut off, and then the second cylinder 204, the third cylinder 205, the fourth cylinder 303, and the fifth cylinder 306 are retracted.
第二電缸304控制吸盤307上的匯流排308向後側移動,移動過程中,扭轉氣缸305將匯流排308旋轉90度,到達固定位置後,第五氣缸306將匯流排308放置在輸送帶401的起始端,將焊帶403連接,然後同樣方式輸送另一個匯流排308放置在輸送帶401的末端,同樣將焊帶403連接。The second electric cylinder 304 controls the bus 308 on the suction cup 307 to move to the rear side. During the movement, the twisting cylinder 305 rotates the bus 308 by 90 degrees. After reaching a fixed position, the fifth cylinder 306 places the bus 308 on the conveyor 401. At the starting end, the welding belt 403 is connected, and then another bus bar 308 is transported and placed at the end of the conveyor belt 401 in the same manner, and the welding belt 403 is also connected.
在本發明的另一具體實施例中,當輸送帶401的配置方向與匯流排308的放卷方向垂直時,就可以省去扭轉氣缸305,吸盤307吸起匯流排308後,由第二電缸304驅動匯流排308移動至合適的位置(如電池模組前端或後端),吸盤307將匯流排308放下。In another specific embodiment of the present invention, when the arrangement direction of the conveyor belt 401 is perpendicular to the unwinding direction of the bus 308, the twisting cylinder 305 can be omitted, and the second power The cylinder 304 drives the bus 308 to a suitable position (such as the front or rear of the battery module), and the suction cup 307 lowers the bus 308.
綜上,本發明具有以下有益效果:(1)本發明的匯流排供料機構結構簡單、成本低;(2)本發明將匯流排的焊接功能整合到串焊機中,與使用串焊機進行串焊同步,可完成位在電池模組的前端及/或後端的匯流排的焊接,提高效率,自動化程度高。In summary, the present invention has the following beneficial effects: (1) the busbar feeding mechanism of the present invention has a simple structure and low cost; (2) the present invention integrates the welding function of the busbar into a string welder and uses the string welder Synchronizing in series welding can complete the welding of the busbars located at the front and / or rear of the battery module, improving efficiency and high degree of automation.
雖然本發明已以實施例揭露如上,然其並非用以限定本發明,任何所屬技術領域中具有通常知識者,在不脫離本發明的精神和範圍內,當可作些許的更動與潤飾,故本發明的保護範圍當視後附的申請專利範圍所界定者為準。Although the present invention has been disclosed as above with the examples, it is not intended to limit the present invention. Any person with ordinary knowledge in the technical field can make some modifications and retouching without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The protection scope of the present invention shall be determined by the scope of the attached patent application.
101‧‧‧機架101‧‧‧ Rack
102‧‧‧馬達102‧‧‧Motor
103‧‧‧匯流排捲筒103‧‧‧Bus reel
104‧‧‧過輥104‧‧‧Over roller
105‧‧‧導軌105‧‧‧rail
106‧‧‧連接塊106‧‧‧Connection block
107‧‧‧配重塊107‧‧‧ Counterweight
201‧‧‧整形輥201‧‧‧ Shaping Roller
202‧‧‧墊塊202‧‧‧ spacer
203‧‧‧第一氣缸203‧‧‧first cylinder
204‧‧‧第二氣缸204‧‧‧Second cylinder
205‧‧‧第三氣缸205‧‧‧Third cylinder
301‧‧‧第一電缸301‧‧‧The first electric cylinder
302‧‧‧夾爪302‧‧‧Jaw
303‧‧‧第四氣缸303‧‧‧Fourth cylinder
304‧‧‧第二電缸304‧‧‧Second Electric Cylinder
305‧‧‧扭轉氣缸305‧‧‧Twisted cylinder
306‧‧‧第五氣缸306‧‧‧Fifth cylinder
307‧‧‧吸盤307‧‧‧ Suction cup
308‧‧‧匯流排308‧‧‧Bus
401‧‧‧輸送帶401‧‧‧ conveyor belt
402‧‧‧電池板402‧‧‧battery board
403‧‧‧焊帶403‧‧‧Welding tape
圖1為本發明一實施例的匯流排的供料機構的外觀平面示意圖。 圖2為圖1的匯流排的供料機構的俯視示意圖。FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view of an external appearance of a feeding mechanism of a bus bar according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the feeding mechanism of the busbar of FIG. 1.

Claims (10)

  1. 一種匯流排的供料機構,包括一機架,在該機架上安裝用於放出一匯流排的一匯流排捲筒,在該匯流排捲筒的一側沿著一放料方向依序配置一匯流排夾緊機構、一匯流排切斷機構、一夾爪以及一匯流排轉運機構; 該匯流排夾緊機構用以夾緊該匯流排; 該匯流排切斷機構用以切斷該匯流排; 該夾爪設置在一拉料驅動裝置的一運動端上,以達到該夾爪沿著該放料方向的移動;以及 該匯流排轉運機構包括設置於該匯流排上方的一吸盤、一上下驅動裝置及一轉運驅動裝置,該吸盤通過該上下驅動裝置連接至該轉運驅動裝置,該轉運驅動裝置驅動該吸盤移動至用於放置一電池模組的一輸送機構上方。A bus bar feeding mechanism includes a rack on which a bus bar roll for discharging a bus bar is installed, and a side of the bus bar roll is sequentially arranged along a discharge direction. A bus clamping mechanism, a bus cutting mechanism, a clamping claw, and a bus transfer mechanism; the bus clamping mechanism is used to clamp the bus; the bus cutting mechanism is used to cut the bus The clamping jaw is arranged on a moving end of a pulling driving device to achieve the movement of the clamping jaw along the discharging direction; and the bus bar transfer mechanism includes a suction cup disposed above the bus bar, a The up and down driving device and a transfer driving device, the suction cup is connected to the transfer driving device through the up and down driving device, and the transfer driving device drives the suction cup to move above a conveying mechanism for placing a battery module.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的匯流排的供料機構,其中該轉運驅動裝置進一步設有一旋轉機構,該上下驅動裝置通過該旋轉機構連接至該轉運驅動裝置。The feeding mechanism of the bus bar according to item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the transfer driving device is further provided with a rotation mechanism, and the up and down driving device is connected to the transfer driving device through the rotation mechanism.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的匯流排的供料機構,其中在該匯流排捲筒與該匯流排夾緊機構之間配置一整形機構。The feeding mechanism of the busbar according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein a shaping mechanism is arranged between the busbar drum and the busbar clamping mechanism.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的匯流排的供料機構,其中該匯流排捲筒與一放卷驅動裝置連接,該放卷驅動裝置驅動該匯流排捲筒轉動,以達到該匯流排捲筒的放卷。The busbar feeding mechanism according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein the busbar reel is connected to an unwinding driving device, and the unwinding driving device drives the busbar reel to reach the busbar volume Unwinding of the tube.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第4項所述的匯流排的供料機構,其中在該匯流排捲筒與該匯流排夾緊機構之間設置一張力回饋機構,該張力回饋機構包括可豎直滑動地設置在該機架上的一連接塊,該連接塊上設置一過輥,該連接塊下端連接一配重塊,該放卷驅動裝置根據該張力回饋機構的張力回饋資訊,以調節該匯流排捲筒的放卷速度,進而控制該匯流排的張力。The bus bar feeding mechanism according to item 4 of the scope of patent application, wherein a force feedback mechanism is provided between the bus bar drum and the bus clamping mechanism, and the tension feedback mechanism includes a vertically slidable setting A connecting block on the frame is provided with a roller, a lower end of the connecting block is connected with a weight block, and the unwinding driving device adjusts the bus bar according to the tension feedback information of the tension feedback mechanism. The drum unwinding speed controls the tension of the busbar.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的匯流排的供料機構,其中該匯流排轉運機構進一步包括一下承托件,該下承托件與該下承托件驅動裝置連接,以達到該下承托件的上下移動。The bus bar feeding mechanism according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein the bus bar transfer mechanism further includes a supporting member, and the lower supporting member is connected with the driving device of the lower supporting member to achieve the lower supporting member. Up and down movement of the bracket.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述的匯流排的供料機構,該連接塊通過一滑塊而可滑動地設置在一導軌上,該導軌與該匯流排的放料方向垂直安裝。According to the busbar feeding mechanism described in item 5 of the patent application scope, the connecting block is slidably disposed on a guide rail through a slider, and the guide rail is installed perpendicular to the discharging direction of the busbar.
  8. 一種匯流排的供料方法,包括: 一夾爪夾住一匯流排,並沿著一放料方向將該匯流排拉至一設定位置; 一匯流排夾緊機構夾緊該匯流排; 一下承托件托住該匯流排,一吸盤向下移動以吸住該匯流排; 一匯流排切斷機構切斷該匯流排; 該夾爪鬆開該匯流排,該吸盤和該匯流排向上收回;然後該吸盤和該匯流排朝向一輸送機構的一側移動,在該吸盤和該匯流排到達該輸送機構上方後,該吸盤和該匯流排向下移動,且該吸盤鬆開該匯流排,以將該匯流排放置在該輸送機構上的一電池模組的一起始端,使該匯流排與一焊帶連接;以及 重複上述步驟,以輸送另一個匯流排,並放置在該輸送機構上的該電池模組的一末端,使該匯流排與該電池模組末端的一焊帶連接。A method for feeding a busbar includes: a gripper grips a busbar, and pulls the busbar to a set position along a discharging direction; a busbar clamping mechanism grips the busbar; A bracket supports the bus bar, and a suction cup moves downwards to catch the bus bar; a bus bar cutting mechanism cuts off the bus bar; the gripper releases the bus bar, and the suction cup and the bus bar retract upward; Then the suction cup and the busbar move toward a side of a conveying mechanism. After the suction cup and the busbar reach above the conveying mechanism, the suction cup and the busbar move downward, and the suction cup releases the busbar to Placing the busbar at a starting end of a battery module on the conveying mechanism to connect the busbar to a welding belt; and repeating the above steps to convey another busbar and placing the busbar on the conveying mechanism. One end of the battery module connects the bus bar with a soldering tape at the end of the battery module.
  9. 一種整合匯流排供料機構的串焊機,包括: 一匯流排供料機構,該匯流排供料機構用於將匯流排放置於一電池模組的一前端及/或一後端,一串焊機在進行該電池模組焊接的同時,將位於該電池模組前端及/或後端的該匯流排焊接在該電池模組上。A string welding machine integrated with a busbar feeding mechanism includes: a busbar feeding mechanism, the busbar feeding mechanism is used to place the busbar discharge at a front end and / or a rear end of a battery module, and a series The welding machine welds the battery module at the front and / or rear end of the battery module to the battery module while welding the battery module.
  10. 一種整合匯流排供料機構的串焊機,包括: 一匯流排供料機構,該匯流排供料機構是如請求項1至7中任一項所述的供料機構。A string welding machine integrating a busbar feeding mechanism includes: a busbar feeding mechanism, the busbar feeding mechanism being the feeding mechanism according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
TW107101383A 2017-03-22 2018-01-15 Feeding mechanism of bus bar and feeding method TWI640385B (en)

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