KR200324520Y1 - Retaining well Block - Google Patents

Retaining well Block Download PDF

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Publication number
KR200324520Y1
KR200324520Y1 KR20-2003-0011243U KR20030011243U KR200324520Y1 KR 200324520 Y1 KR200324520 Y1 KR 200324520Y1 KR 20030011243 U KR20030011243 U KR 20030011243U KR 200324520 Y1 KR200324520 Y1 KR 200324520Y1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
retaining wall
wall block
block
retaining
wall
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KR20-2003-0011243U
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
오승섭
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오승섭
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Priority to KR20-2003-0011243U priority Critical patent/KR200324520Y1/en
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Publication of KR200324520Y1 publication Critical patent/KR200324520Y1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • E02D29/025Retaining or protecting walls made up of similar modular elements stacked without mortar
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/14Preformed blocks or slabs for forming essentially continuous surfaces; Arrangements thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • E02D17/205Securing of slopes or inclines with modular blocks, e.g. pre-fabricated

Abstract

본 고안은 비교적 경사가 가파른 경사로 이루어진 하안(河岸)이나 해안(海岸), 뚝을 보호하여 유수에 의한 물가선의 침식을 방지하기 위하여 그 급경사면에 시설하는 옹벽블럭에 관한 것으로서, 안정적인 경사를 이루면서 적층되는 옹벽블럭이며, 그 옹벽블럭의 중간에 식생공간을 형성하고 전면에는 다양한 무늬형상을 넣고 상부에는 결합돌기를 만들고 하부에는 결합요홈을 형성하여 서로 적층될때 견고성을 향상하여 상기 식생공간에 초화(草花)류를 심어서 자연 경관을 좋게 하고 용이하게 옹벽에 시설할 수 있도록 된 옹벽블럭이다.The present invention relates to a retaining wall block installed on a steep slope to protect erosion of shoreline, coast, and pit with relatively steep slopes and to prevent erosion of shoreline by running water. It is a retaining wall block, which forms a vegetation space in the middle of the retaining wall block, puts various pattern shapes on the front side, combines protrusions on the upper part, and forms a joining groove on the lower part, thereby improving the firmness when stacked with each other, thereby forming plants in the vegetation space. It is a retaining wall block that can be planted to improve the natural scenery and to be easily installed on the retaining wall.

Description

옹벽블럭{Retaining well Block}Retaining Well Block

본 고안은 비교적 경사가 가파른 경사로 이루어진 하안(河岸)이나 해안(海岸), 뚝을 보호하여 유수에 의한 물가선의 침식을 방지하기 위하여 그 비탈면에 시설하는 옹벽블럭에 관한 것으로서 상세하게는 급경사의 옹벽체를 보호하기에 적합한 옹벽블럭에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a retaining wall block installed on a slope to protect a riverbank, a coast, and a pit formed by a relatively steep slope to prevent erosion of the shoreline due to running water. Retaining wall block suitable for protecting the.

본 고안에서 논술되는 옹벽공사는 직접옹벽을 보호하기 위하여 옹벽체의 비탈면에 시공하는 것으로서, 토압력에 저항하여 흙이 무너지지 못하게 만든 벽체로서 지표지반의 안정된 경사보다 가파른 경사로 이루어져 있는 비탈면을 보호하기 위한 목적이다.Retaining wall construction described in the present invention is to install on the slope surface of the retaining wall to protect the direct retaining wall, which is a wall that prevents soil from collapse by resisting earth pressure. Purpose.

상기와 같은 목적의 시공방법에 있어서는 옛날부터 널리 쓰이는 블록쌓기 방식의 축벽이 있는데 오늘날에 와서는 콘크리트블럭이 많이 사용되며,In the construction method for the above purpose, there is a widely used block stacking shaft wall that has been used since ancient times.

콘크리트자체의 중량으로 지반 붕괴를 막아내는 구조의 중력식 콘크리트옹벽과 옹벽의 높이가 높아져 중력식 옹벽으로는 경제적 가치가 없거나 벽면을 수직으로하여 용지의 이용을 극대화하는 경우에 사용되는 철근콘크리트옹벽이 있으며, 역T방식, 부벽식 등의 옹벽형태가 있다.Gravity-type concrete retaining wall and structure that prevent ground collapse due to the weight of concrete itself are reinforced and there are reinforced concrete retaining walls used when maximizing the use of paper by having no economic value as gravity retaining wall or vertically wall. There are retaining wall types such as an inverted T method and a subwall type.

특히, 본 고안에서 논술되는 옹벽비탈덮기공에는 시멘트를 주재료로 하여 일정한 틀에서 양생한 시멘콘크리트재의 블럭으로 형성하고 시공하려는 비탈면에 연속적으로 적층하거나 배열하여 침식을 방지하도록 하는 콘크리트 블럭쌓기 공법에적용한다.In particular, the retaining wall slope covering hole described in the present invention is formed of blocks of cemented concrete material cured in a predetermined frame with cement as a main material, and applied to the concrete block stacking method to prevent erosion by stacking or arranging continuously on the slope to be constructed. do.

그러나, 상기와 같은 종래의 콘크리트블럭 쌓기 공법에서는 단순히 적층하거나 배열에 의하고 그 인접 콘크리트에 몰타르를 이용하여 접합하여 옹벽을 형성하였다.However, in the conventional concrete block stacking method as described above, the retaining wall was formed by simply stacking or arranging and joining the adjacent concrete using mortar.

따라서, 옹벽블럭이 배열된 비탈면에 시공된 비탈면이 미관적으로 단순하여 외관이 미려하지 않은 자연미가 결여되는 문제점이 있다.Accordingly, there is a problem in that the sloped surface constructed on the sloped surface on which the retaining wall blocks are arranged is aesthetically simple, and thus lacks a natural appearance.

본 고안은 상기와 같은 종래의 문제점을 해소하기 위하여 안출된 것으로서, 일정한 틀에 시멘트와 자갈을 혼합한 콘크리트를 이용하여 양생한 블럭형태의 옹벽블럭을 대량 제작하되 중간과 연결된 인접 옹벽블럭에 의하여 형성된 식생공간에 초화(草花)류의 식물을 인위적으로 심거나 자연 방치하면 식물이 식생하여 자연미를 부각시키고 또한 옹벽블럭의 전면에 다양한 무늬 형상을 표출하여 미관이 미려한 옹벽을 형성하는 목적이다.The present invention was devised to solve the above-mentioned problems, and produced a large amount of cured block retaining wall blocks using concrete mixed with cement and gravel in a predetermined mold, but formed by adjacent retaining wall blocks connected to the middle. Artificially planting plants of vegetation in the vegetation space, or leaving them to nature, the vegetation is planted to accentuate the natural beauty and to express the various patterns on the front of the retaining wall block to form a beautiful retaining wall.

도 1은 본 고안의 사시도,1 is a perspective view of the present invention,

도 2는 본 고안의 평면도,2 is a plan view of the present invention,

도 3은 본 고안의 저면 사시도,3 is a bottom perspective view of the present invention,

도 4는 본 고안의 사용상태 측단면도,Figure 4 is a side cross-sectional view of the use state of the present invention,

도 5는 본 고안의 사용상태 사시도이다.5 is a perspective view of a state of use of the present invention.

* 도면의 주요부호에 대한 부호의 설명 *Explanation of symbols for major symbols in the drawings

1 ; 옹벽블럭 2 ; 무늬면One ; Retaining wall block 2; Patterned cotton

3 ; 배면벽체 4 ; 측면벽체3; Rear wall 4; Sidewall

5 ; 전면벽체 6 ; 결합돌기5; Front wall 6; Engaging protrusion

7 ; 결합요홈 8 ; 배수공7; Coupling recess 8; Drain

10 ; 식생공간 20 ; 기초콘크리트10; Vegetation space 20; basic concrete

21 ; 채움잡석 22 ; 부직포21; Filled rubble 22; Non-woven

30 ; 초화류 40 ; 옹벽체30; Super current 40; Retaining wall

상기와 같은 목적을 달성하는 본 고안은 인접되는 옹벽블럭들 간의 안정된 연결상태를 유지하기 위한 연결수단과 시설된 상태의 외관을 미려하게 하기 위한 미관 표출수단으로 구성된 것으로서, 첨부도면을 참고하여 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.The present invention to achieve the above object is composed of a connecting means for maintaining a stable connection state between adjacent retaining wall blocks and aesthetic expression means for beautiful appearance of the installed state, with reference to the accompanying drawings in detail Is as follows.

첨부도면 도 1은 보 고안의 사시도로서 무늬면(2)을 형성하는 전면벽체(5)가 있고 배면에는 배면벽체(3)를 형성하되 상기 전면벽체(5)의 사이에 두개의 측면벽체(4)를 소정의 간격을 두고 직각의 일체로 형성하여 중앙에 식생공간(10)을 이루도록하고 상기 측면벽체(4)들의 중앙에는 상기 식생공간(10)과 관통된 배수공(8)을 천공하였고 상부에는 결합돌기(6)를 돌출시키고 하부에는 상기 결합돌기(6)보다 전방으로 이동된 위치의 결합요홈(7)을 형성한 옹벽블럭(1)으로서, 미설명부호 "20"은 기초콘크리트, "21"은 채움잡석, "22"는 부직포, "30"은 초화류, "40"은 옹벽체이다.FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a beam design, in which a front wall 5 forming a patterned surface 2 is formed, and a rear wall 3 is formed on the rear surface, and two side walls 4 are disposed between the front wall 5. ) To form a vegetation space 10 in the center at a predetermined interval at a predetermined interval, and the vegetation space 10 and the perforated drain hole 8 in the center of the side wall (4) and the upper As the retaining wall block 1 which protrudes the engaging projection 6 and forms the engaging recess 7 at the lower position of the engaging projection 6 at the lower part, the reference numeral 20 denotes the basic concrete, "21." "Silver filled rubble", "22" is non-woven fabric, "30" is a flower species, and "40" is a retaining wall.

상기와 같이 구성된 본 고안의 작용을 설명하면 다음과 같다.Referring to the operation of the present invention configured as described above are as follows.

먼저, 본 고안이 적용되는 옹벽공사의 전형적인 시공예를 살펴보면 첨부도면 도 4에서와 같은데 하측에는 옹벽체(40)의 하중에 견딜 수 있는 정도의 기초콘크리트(20)를 형성하고 옹벽체(40)는 옹벽블럭(1)의 적층각도에 가깝게 사방공사를 한후 옹벽블럭(1)을 상기 기초콘크리트(20)로부터 적층한다.First, a typical construction example of the retaining wall construction to which the present invention is applied is as shown in the accompanying drawings in FIG. 4, but on the lower side, the foundation concrete 20 is formed to withstand the load of the retaining wall 40 and the retaining wall 40 is formed. After the four-sided construction close to the stacking angle of the retaining wall block 1, the retaining wall block 1 is laminated from the base concrete 20.

이때, 적층되는 옹벽블럭(1)과 옹벽체(40) 사이에는 채움잡석(21)을 투입하여 옹벽체(40)와 옹벽블럭(1)의 사이에 공간이 없도록 다져주되 옹벽블럭(1)의 배면에 하나의 넓은 부직포(22)를 삽입하여 옹벽블럭(1)의 적층이탈 공간으로 채움잡석(21)이 삐져 나오지 않도록한다.At this time, the filling rubble 21 is inserted between the retaining wall block 1 and the retaining wall 40 to be stacked to be compacted so that there is no space between the retaining wall 40 and the retaining wall block 1. One wide nonwoven fabric 22 is inserted into the rear surface to prevent the filling rubble 21 from protruding into the stacking-off space of the retaining wall block 1.

상기와 같이 옹벽블럭(1)이 적층되는 작용을 보다 상세히 설명하면, 두개의 측면벽체(4)의 상부에서 배면으로 치우쳐 위치하는 결합돌기(6)와 적층되는 다른 옹벽블럭(1)의 하부에 형성된 결합요홈(7)이 맞물려 적층되도록 되어 있다.Referring to the operation of stacking the retaining wall block 1 as described above in more detail, the coupling protrusions 6 which are offset from the upper side of the two side walls (4) to the bottom of the other retaining wall block (1) laminated The formed coupling recess 7 is meshed and laminated.

따라서, 배면 방향으로 치우져 위치하는 결합돌기(6)와 전방으로 치우쳐 위치하는 결합요홈(7)에 의하여 적층되는 옹벽블럭(1)은 계단식으로 적층된다.Therefore, the retaining wall block 1 stacked by the coupling protrusion 6 positioned in the rear direction and the coupling recess 7 positioned in the forward direction is stacked stepwise.

상기와 같이 적층되는 옹벽블럭(1)은 중앙에 형성된 식생공간(10)이 노출됨으로서 일반적인 토양을 채우고 초화류(30)를 용이하게 식재할 수 있게 된다.As the retaining wall block 1 stacked as described above is exposed to the vegetation space 10 formed at the center, the retaining wall block 1 may fill the general soil and easily plant the vegetation 30.

그리고, 전면벽체(5)의 전방에 위치하는 무늬면(2)은 다양한 무늬와 형상으로 제작함으로서 시설환경에 따라 다양하게 미관을 표출할 수 있다.And, the patterned surface (2) located in front of the front wall 5 can be produced in a variety of patterns and shapes can express a variety of aesthetics according to the facility environment.

상기와 같은 작용에의하여 시설된 본 고안의 옹벽블럭은 옹벽체에 적층되어 옹벽의 붕괴를 방지함은 물론 중앙에 형성된 식생공간에 초화류의 식물이 성장할 수 있는 공간이 형성됨으로서 우수기에 다량의 빗물이 옹벽체에 유입되지 안도록함과 아울러 홍수 등으로 옹벽체가 침수되지 않도록 보호하게 되는 효과가 있는 것이다.The retaining wall block of the present invention installed by the above action is laminated on the retaining wall to prevent the collapse of the retaining wall, as well as to form a space in which vegetation plants can grow in the vegetation space formed in the center, so that a large amount of rainwater In addition to preventing the inlet wall from entering the retaining wall and flooding, it is effective to protect the retaining wall from flooding.

Claims (2)

시멘트 콘크리트를 주재료로하여 형성되는 옹벽블럭에 있어서,In the retaining wall block formed of cement concrete as a main material, 무늬면(2)을 형성하는 전면벽체(5)와 배면벽체(3)의 사이에 소정의 간격을 두고 나란한 측면벽체(4)를 직각으로 형성하여 식생공간(10)을 형성하고;Forming a vegetation space 10 by forming side wall 4 parallel to each other at a predetermined interval between the front wall 5 and the back wall 3 forming the patterned surface 2; 상기 측면벽체(4)들의 중앙에 배수공(8)을 천공하고 상부에는 결합돌기(6)를 돌출시키고 하부에는 결합요홈(7)을 형성한 구성을 특징으로 하는 옹벽블럭.Retaining wall block, characterized in that the perforated drainage hole (8) in the center of the side wall (4), the engaging protrusion (6) protrudes in the upper portion and the engaging groove (7) is formed in the lower portion. 제 1 항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 결합돌기(6)는 후방으로 치우쳐 있고 하부의 결합요홈(7)은 전방으로 치우쳐 위치하는 구성을 특징으로 하는 옹벽블럭.The retaining wall block is characterized in that the engaging projection 6 is biased to the rear and the lower coupling recess 7 is biased forward.
KR20-2003-0011243U 2003-04-11 2003-04-11 Retaining well Block KR200324520Y1 (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100779583B1 (en) 2007-07-05 2007-11-28 이정근 Block for slope reinforcement and slope stabilization and reinforcement method using the same
KR100970457B1 (en) 2010-04-02 2010-07-16 연철수 Block for wall and method for constructing wall using the same
KR20220104533A (en) 2021-01-18 2022-07-26 주식회사 라미그린텍 Exterior panel replacement retaining wall block

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100779583B1 (en) 2007-07-05 2007-11-28 이정근 Block for slope reinforcement and slope stabilization and reinforcement method using the same
KR100970457B1 (en) 2010-04-02 2010-07-16 연철수 Block for wall and method for constructing wall using the same
KR20220104533A (en) 2021-01-18 2022-07-26 주식회사 라미그린텍 Exterior panel replacement retaining wall block

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