KR101924319B1 - Highly heat conductive aluminum alloy for die casting, aluminum alloy die cast product using same, and heatsink using same - Google Patents

Highly heat conductive aluminum alloy for die casting, aluminum alloy die cast product using same, and heatsink using same Download PDF

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KR101924319B1
KR101924319B1 KR1020157002646A KR20157002646A KR101924319B1 KR 101924319 B1 KR101924319 B1 KR 101924319B1 KR 1020157002646 A KR1020157002646 A KR 1020157002646A KR 20157002646 A KR20157002646 A KR 20157002646A KR 101924319 B1 KR101924319 B1 KR 101924319B1
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aluminum alloy
thermal conductivity
die
casting
same
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KR20150046014A (en
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나오토 오시로
마사히로 다케모토
히로노리 와타나베
사토시 미야지리
기요후미 가와이
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가부시키가이샤 다이키 알루미늄 코교쇼
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C21/00Alloys based on aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C21/00Alloys based on aluminium
    • C22C21/12Alloys based on aluminium with copper as the next major constituent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C21/00Alloys based on aluminium
    • C22C21/12Alloys based on aluminium with copper as the next major constituent
    • C22C21/14Alloys based on aluminium with copper as the next major constituent with silicon

Abstract

A high heat conductivity aluminum alloy for die casting and an aluminum alloy die casting using this alloy, which can obtain a thermal conductivity of 170 W (m · K) or more without heat treatment, have been developed. Specifically, it is a high heat conductive aluminum alloy for die casting, which contains 2.30 wt% or less of Cu, 1.50 wt% or less of Si, and 1.20 to 2.60 wt% of Fe and the balance of Al and inevitable impurities.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a high-temperature conductive aluminum alloy for die casting, an aluminum alloy die cast using the same, and a heat sink using the alloy. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001]
The present invention relates to an aluminum alloy for die casting, which is most suitable for a member for housing electronic components or a member requiring heat dissipation characteristics such as a heat receiving block or a heat sink, and an aluminum alloy To die casting.
BACKGROUND ART [0002] In current electronic devices, heat generated in electronic devices for miniaturization, high-speed operation, and high density is increasing. In order to maintain the performance of electronic devices, cooling of electronic components housed in the devices is indispensable. Therefore, a high heat conductivity is required for the heat dissipating member on which the electronic component is mounted.
The conventional heat dissipating member of this kind, for example, a heat dissipating member in which a plurality of fins protrude from one side or both sides of the heat dissipating member is made of an aluminum alloy extruded product of pure aluminum or an extrusion material having excellent thermal conductivity ) Are used. The user cuts this portion into necessary dimensions and machined the portion corresponding to the mounting position of the electronic component. However, when the amount of machining is large, a problem arises that the processing cost is increased and the cost is increased.
Here, the use of pressure casting technology such as die casting has been studied in the production of the above-mentioned heat radiation member. For example, a conventional aluminum alloy for die casting such as ADC12 specified in Japanese Industrial Standard JIS H5302, Less than half of aluminum (about 250 W / (m · K)), and the required heat conduction performance could not be satisfied.
As a solution to such a problem, Patent Document 1 below discloses a method of manufacturing an aluminum alloy having a thermal conductivity of 150 W / (mK) or more by preparing main components of Si, Mn, Fe and Mg in a predetermined range, There is disclosed a technique of providing an aluminum alloy for press casting which can be used as a heat dissipating member instead of pure aluminum and an aluminum alloy casting using this alloy.
Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent No. 419370
When the aluminum alloy for heat casting described in the above Patent Document 1 is used, the heat radiation member can be mass-produced by pressure casting.
In recent years, however, it has been desired to use an alloy having a higher thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or higher in some of the heat dissipating members manufactured by the above-mentioned pressure casting. On the other hand, in the case of die-casting using the alloy described in Patent Document 1, it was difficult to obtain a thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or more without heat treatment.
 Accordingly, a main object of the present invention is to provide a high-heat-conductivity aluminum alloy for die cast which can obtain a thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or more without heat treatment and an aluminum alloy die cast using the alloy have.
The first invention of the present invention is a die cast material characterized by containing "Cu: not more than 2.30 wt%, Si: not more than 1.50 wt%, Fe: 1.20 to 2.60 wt%, and the balance being Al and inevitable impurities" High thermal conductivity aluminum alloy.
Since the aluminum alloy of the present invention is mainly used for use as a heat radiation member, it is important that not only main constitution and fire prevention property but also heat conductivity is excellent. Since the content range of the main components of Cu, Si, and Fe is the same as described above, it satisfies the requirements of three points of casting, anti-burning, and thermal conductivity.
The second invention in the present invention is an aluminum alloy die cast characterized by being die-cast with the aluminum alloy according to the first invention.
Thus, the aluminum alloy die-cast die-cast with the aluminum alloy of the first invention has a thermal conductivity of 170 W / (mK) or more without heat treatment.
The third invention of the present invention is a heat sink obtained by die-casting an aluminum alloy according to the first invention.
According to the present invention, since Cu, Si and Fe, which are main components, are within the required range, the heat conductivity of 170 W / (mK) or more and the thermal conductivity of at least 170 W / It is possible to obtain a high heat conductive aluminum alloy for die casting and an aluminum alloy die cast which satisfy the requirements.
Fig. 1 is a graph showing changes in thermal conductivity with respect to Cu content in Examples and Comparative Examples of the present invention. Fig.
2 is a graph showing changes in thermal conductivity with respect to the Si content in Examples and Comparative Examples of the present invention.
3 is a graph showing changes in thermal conductivity with respect to the Fe content in Examples and Comparative Examples of the present invention.
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to specific examples.
The high heat conductive aluminum alloy for die casting according to the present invention (hereinafter, simply referred to as "aluminum alloy" or "alloy") mainly contains 2.30 wt% or less of Cu (copper), 1.50 wt% or less of Si (silicon; 1.20 to 2.60% by weight of Fe (iron), and the balance of Al (aluminum) and inevitable impurities. The characteristics of each element will be described below.
Cu (copper) improves the tensile strength, 0.2% proof stress and hardness of the aluminum alloy while slightly lowering the thermal conductivity of the alloy. However, when the content of Cu in the entire aluminum alloy is 2.30 wt% or less, a thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or more can be obtained. Therefore, in the aluminum alloy of the present invention, it is assumed that this Cu is contained up to a maximum of 2.30 wt% in accordance with the required mechanical properties. When the aluminum alloy is not required to have strength and the thermal conductivity is given priority, the content of Cu may be zero.
Si (silicon) improves the tensile strength, 0.2% proof stress and hardness of the aluminum alloy, and improves the flowability when the aluminum alloy is melted and die-cast, while lowering the thermal conductivity of the alloy. However, when the content of Si in the entire aluminum alloy is 1.50 wt% or less, a thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or more can be obtained. Therefore, in the aluminum alloy of the present invention, it is supposed that this Si is contained up to 1.50% by weight in accordance with the required mechanical properties. In addition, when the aluminum alloy does not need strength and gives priority to thermal conductivity, the content of Si may be zero.
Fe (iron) has an effect of preventing defective moldings due to firing at the time of die casting and shrinkage of castings in the mold. For this reason, in order to die-cast the alloy without any problem (good castability), it is necessary to contain the Fe in an amount of 1.20% by weight or more, more preferably 1.40% by weight or more based on the weight of the entire aluminum alloy.
On the other hand, Fe is an element that lowers the thermal conductivity of the alloy. However, when the content of Fe in the aluminum alloy is 2.60 wt% or less, a thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or more can be obtained. Therefore, in the aluminum alloy of the present invention, the Fe is contained in the range of 1.20 to 2.60 wt%, depending on the required mechanical properties, thermal conductivity, or casting composition.
The aluminum alloy of the present invention includes Al and inevitable impurities, which are matrix, in addition to the above main elements. Among them, the lower the impurity concentration, the better the thermal conductivity. However, the lower the impurity concentration and the higher the purity, the higher the cost. Accordingly, it is necessary to allow impurities not to impair the target thermal conductivity. For example, it is preferable that the content of Zn is 0.1 wt% or less, Ti is 0.05 wt% or less, Pb is 0.06 wt% or less , Sn: not more than 0.05% by weight, Cr: not more than 0.10% by weight, and Ni: not more than 0.05% by weight.
By adjusting the content ratios of Cu, Si and Fe in accordance with the above element composition, it is possible to prevent the aluminum alloy and the mold from being poorly formed and defective at the time of die casting, and at the same time, Can be obtained.
In the production of the aluminum alloy of the present invention, first, a raw material in which the respective element components of Al, Cu, Si, and Fe are blended at the above-mentioned predetermined ratio is prepared. Subsequently, the raw materials are put into a melting furnace such as a furnace with a fore hearth or a closed melting furnace, and these are melted. The molten raw material, that is, the molten metal of the aluminum alloy, is subjected to purification treatment such as dehydrogenation treatment and de-inclusion treatment if necessary. Then, the refined molten metal is poured into a predetermined mold or the like to solidify the molten aluminum alloy, and the alloy is now formed into an ingot or the like.
In casting an aluminum alloy casting (cast article) using the aluminum alloy of the present invention, die casting is mainly used. By using the die-casting in this way, the castings can be mass-produced efficiently.
The aluminum alloy casting (aluminum alloy die cast) obtained by die casting is subjected to solution treatment and aging treatment as necessary. By applying the solution treatment and the aging treatment to the aluminum alloy casting in this manner, the mechanical properties of the aluminum alloy casting can be improved.
Further, aluminum alloy die casting using the alloy of the present invention has a thermal conductivity of 170 W (m 占 K) or more without heat treatment, and therefore, a heat dissipating member such as a heat sink is particularly suitable for its use. Here, the term "heat sink" refers to a component intended to be attached to an exothermic mechanical or electrical component to lower the temperature by dissipating heat, and the size and shape of the component vary depending on the application.
Example
Hereinafter, the present invention will be concretely explained by way of examples, but the present invention is not limited to the examples. The mechanical properties (tensile strength, elongation, 0.2% proof stress) in Examples and Comparative Examples were measured with a universal testing machine (AG-IS 100kN) manufactured by Shimadzu Corporation. The thermal conductivity was measured by a laser flash method using a thermal image measuring apparatus (TC-7000) manufactured by Arubakiko Co., Ltd. The Brinell hardness was measured in accordance with JIS Z 2243. The injection molding was carried out at an injection speed of 2.0 m / sec and a casting pressure of 80 MPa using a conventional die casting machine (DC250JMT manufactured by Toshiba Kikai Co., Ltd.) having a mold clamping force of 250 tons. The main composition was confirmed. &Quot; indicates that there is no problem with the main composition, and " x " indicates that the main composition has a problem.
Table 1 shows the element composition, thermal conductivity, physical property measurement results and main composition of Examples 1 to 11 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3 of the aluminum alloy to be the object of the present invention.
Figure 112015010313659-pct00001
As described above, the aluminum alloy of the present invention is required to have excellent characteristics in three of the main composition, the baking prevention property and the thermal conductivity. As described above, the thermal conductivity shows the most excellent value of about 250 W / (m · K) of pure aluminum, and when various elements (such as each of the alloys listed in Table 1) are included therein, the thermal conductivity is lowered.
Fig. 1 is a graph showing the relationship between the content of Cu and the thermal conductivity based on the data in Table 1. Fig. As shown in this graph, the thermal conductivity of the alloy gradually decreases with an increase in the content of Cu in the aluminum alloy as a whole. When the content of Cu is about 2.30 wt%, the thermal conductivity of 170 W / (mK) Lt; / RTI > Therefore, it can be said that the thermal conductivity is satisfactory if the content of Cu is 2.30 wt% or less.
Fig. 2 is a graph showing the relationship between the content of Si and the thermal conductivity created based on the data in Table 1. Fig. As shown in the graph, the thermal conductivity of the alloy decreases with an increase in the content of Si in the aluminum alloy as a whole. When the content of Si is about 1.50 wt%, the thermal conductivity of 170 W / (mK) . Therefore, regarding the thermal conductivity, it can be said that the Si content is satisfactory if the content ratio of Si is 1.50% by weight or less.
Fig. 3 is a graph showing the relation between the content of Fe and the thermal conductivity created based on the data in Table 1. Fig. As shown in the graph, the thermal conductivity of the alloy gradually decreases with an increase in the content of Fe in the aluminum alloy as a whole, but the thermal conductivity of 170 W / (m · K) or more up to the Fe content of 2.60 wt% Lt; / RTI > Therefore, it can be said that the thermal conductivity is satisfactory if the content of Fe is 2.60 wt% or less.
However, with respect to this Fe, as shown in Comparative Examples 1 and 2 in Table 1, when the Fe content in the entire aluminum alloy was less than 1.20 wt%, there was a problem in casting. Specifically, at the time of mold opening of the die casting machine, the cast aluminum alloy die casts stick to the mold and can not be taken out. This phenomenon is presumed to be caused by shrinkage of aluminum alloy die cast due to lack of Fe.
Therefore, in consideration of both the thermal conductivity and casting of the alloy, the content of Fe in the entire aluminum alloy is preferably in the range of 1.20 to 2.60% by weight.

Claims (3)

1. A high thermal conductivity aluminum alloy for die casting, characterized in that it contains Cu at 2.30 wt% or less, Si at 1.50 wt% or less, and Fe at 1.20 to 2.60 wt%, with the balance being Al and unavoidable impurities.
An aluminum alloy die cast characterized by die-casting with the aluminum alloy according to claim 1.
A heat sink obtained by die-casting the aluminum alloy according to claim 1.
KR1020157002646A 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Highly heat conductive aluminum alloy for die casting, aluminum alloy die cast product using same, and heatsink using same KR101924319B1 (en)

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