JPH0739248A - Method for culturing coprinus comatus - Google Patents

Method for culturing coprinus comatus

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Publication number
JPH0739248A
JPH0739248A JP5207137A JP20713793A JPH0739248A JP H0739248 A JPH0739248 A JP H0739248A JP 5207137 A JP5207137 A JP 5207137A JP 20713793 A JP20713793 A JP 20713793A JP H0739248 A JPH0739248 A JP H0739248A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
mushrooms
carbonized
added
fir
coprinus comatus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP5207137A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kiyomitsu Inoue
清光 井上
Original Assignee
Kiyomitsu Inoue
清光 井上
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kiyomitsu Inoue, 清光 井上 filed Critical Kiyomitsu Inoue
Priority to JP5207137A priority Critical patent/JPH0739248A/en
Publication of JPH0739248A publication Critical patent/JPH0739248A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PURPOSE:To form tightened fruit bodies by adding carbonized chaff to scrap wood in artificial culture of mushrooms, culturing Coprinus comatus. CONSTITUTION:A bout 5-50vol.% of carbonized chaff is added to scrap wood after culture of mushrooms and Coprinus comatus is cultured. Air permeability of medium is improved, growth of mycelia is bettered by adjustment of pH and addition of a component of very small amount and the period from inoculation of spawn to occurrence of fruit body is about 40-50 days. The prepared Coprinus comatus is tightened and will not be blacken or decomposed even in allowing Coprinus comatus to stand for several days.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、キノコを栽培した後の
古い培地に炭化したモミ殻を加えてササクレヒトヨタケ
(通称こけし茸)を栽培する方法に関し、詳しくはホン
シメジ、ブナシメジ、シイタケ、エノキタケ、ナメコ、
ヒラタケ、マイタケを栽培し、それらのキノコを収穫し
た後、廃棄される培地つまり廃床を再度利用し、これ
に、炭化したモミ殻を容積比5〜50%の量を添加混合
してササクレヒトヨタケの種菌を接種して栽培を行う方
法に関する。さらに、炭化したモミ殻にリン酸成分およ
び/または界面活性剤の混合物を用い、収穫量を増大さ
せるササクレヒトヨタケのの栽培方法に関する。
FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a method for cultivating Sasa Kurehi Toyotake (commonly known as Kokeshi mushrooms) by adding carbonized fir shells to an old medium after cultivating mushrooms. Nameko,
After cultivating oyster mushrooms and maitake mushrooms and harvesting the mushrooms, the discarded medium, that is, the waste bed is reused, and carbonized fir shells are added and mixed in an amount of 5 to 50% by volume to mix. The present invention relates to a method of inoculating the inoculum with the above seeds for cultivation. Further, the present invention relates to a method for cultivating Pleurotus cornucopiae which increases the yield by using a mixture of a phosphoric acid component and / or a surfactant in carbonized fir shells.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】これまでに栽培されてきたキノコとして
は各種あり、例えばシイタケ、ホンシメジ、エノキタ
ケ、ナメコ、タモギタケ、ブナシメジ、マイタケなどが
あるが、ササクレヒトヨタケについては、子実体形成
後、速やかに黒変、腐敗するので、日本では一般には栽
培されていなかった。これは、栽培法が十分に研究され
ず、菌糸が引き締まった子実体が形成されないためであ
る。
There are various kinds of mushrooms that have been cultivated so far, for example, shiitake mushrooms, honshimeji mushrooms, enokitake mushrooms, nameko mushrooms, taro mushrooms, beech shimeji mushrooms and maitake mushrooms. It is not commonly cultivated in Japan because it will change and decay. This is because the cultivation method has not been sufficiently studied and fruit bodies with mycelia tightened are not formed.

【0003】また、従来のキノコ栽培用培地としては、
例えばブナシメジの場合、基本的な培地配合比として、
広葉樹のオガクズ10.0に対し米ヌカ0.7、フスマ
0.7、水分含有率65%であり、この他のキノコ培地
でも、同じく、基本培地としてはオガクズを用い、栄養
添加物として、米ヌカ、フスマを使用している。しか
し、これらの培地ではササクレヒトヨタケの菌糸が十分
に生育せず、したがって、しっかりした子実体の形成が
見られず、保存性に劣るために実用化されなかった。
Further, as a conventional mushroom cultivation medium,
For example, in the case of beech shimeji, as a basic medium mixing ratio,
The content of rice bran is 0.7, bran is 0.7, and water content is 65% against 10.0 of hardwood sawdust. In other mushroom media, sawdust is also used as the basic medium and rice is added as a nutrient additive. Nuka and fusuma are used. However, in these media, hyphae of Pleurotus cornucopiae did not grow sufficiently, and therefore, solid fruiting bodies were not formed, and storage stability was poor, so that they were not put to practical use.

【0004】適合した方法で栽培されたササクレヒトヨ
タケの子実体は保存性、味質にも優れ、白色で、こけし
のような形状をしている。
[0004] The fruiting body of Pleurotus cornucopiae cultivated by a suitable method is excellent in storability and taste, is white, and has a shape like a moss.

【0005】[0005]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】ササクレヒトヨタケ
(Coprinus comatus)は中国では栽培
されているが、栽培方法についての詳細はまだ知られて
いない。しっかりした子実体を形成させるためには本キ
ノコに適合した栽培法の確立が必須であった。
[Problems to be Solved by the Invention] Although the Coprinus comatus is cultivated in China, the details of the cultivation method are not yet known. In order to form a solid fruit body, it was essential to establish a cultivation method suitable for this mushroom.

【0006】そこで、本発明者らはこれまでササクレヒ
トヨタケの栽培方法を鋭意検討し、引き締まった子実体
を形成させるための栽培法を見い出し本発明を完成し
た。
Therefore, the present inventors have intensively studied the cultivation method of Pleurotus cornucopiae, found a cultivation method for forming a firm fruit body, and completed the present invention.

【0007】[0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】ササクレヒトヨタケを栽
培する際に、キノコ栽培後の廃床を利用するが、このま
までは菌糸が生育し難いので、炭化モミ殻を加えること
によって、栽培床の通気性を高めると同時にpH値調
整、微量成分の付与、栽培床組織の改良を行い、さら
に、菌糸の生育を促進するためにリン酸成分と界面活性
剤と炭化モミ殻とを組み合わせて添加する栽培方法であ
る。
[Means for solving the problem] When cultivating Pleurotus cornucopiae L., the waste bed after mushroom cultivation is used, but it is difficult for mycelium to grow as it is. PH value adjustment, addition of trace amount components, improvement of cultivating floor structure at the same time as increasing pH, and further, a cultivation method in which a phosphoric acid component, a surfactant and a carbonized fir shell are added in combination to promote the growth of mycelia. Is.

【0008】以下、栽培実験に基づいて、本発明を更に
詳しく説明する。すなわち、広葉樹バーク堆肥などを基
材として用い、この基材8部に対して各種添加材を2部
の割合で混合し、これを基本培地とし、これに栄養添加
剤として生米ヌカをこの基本培地に対して10%量を添
加し、含水率を65±2%、 pH値を6〜7.5に調整
した後、3×20cmの試験管に10cm高さに均一に詰
め、オートクレーブ滅菌後、寒天倍地種菌を接種し、2
5℃で培養して菌糸伸長量を測定、3本当りの平均値を
示した結果を表1に示した。
The present invention will be described in more detail below based on cultivation experiments. That is, using hardwood bark compost as a base material, 8 parts of this base material was mixed with 2 parts of various additive materials, and this was used as a basic medium, and raw rice bran as a nutrient additive was added to this basic medium. After adjusting the water content to 65 ± 2% and the pH value to 6 to 7.5 by adding 10% amount to the medium, 3 x 20 cm test tubes were uniformly packed to a height of 10 cm and sterilized by autoclaving. , Agar double inoculum, 2
The results are shown in Table 1 in which the amount of hyphal elongation was measured by culturing at 5 ° C and the average value per three was shown.

【0009】[0009]

【表1】 [Table 1]

【0010】表1に示すように、炭化したモミ殻を堆肥
化した廃床に添加した場合に菌糸の生育が最もすぐれて
いたことから、堆肥化廃床が本キノコの栽培に適してい
ると考えられる。したがって、各種キノコ栽培での廃床
は、通常は良好に堆肥化しているので本キノコの栽培に
適用できる。一般に広葉樹バークは堆肥化が容易であ
り、針葉樹は堆肥化し難いので、広葉樹材が使用しやす
いが、十分に堆肥化したものであれば、特に種類には限
定されない。
As shown in Table 1, when the carbonized fir shells were added to the composted waste bed, the growth of mycelium was the best, so that the composted waste bed is suitable for the cultivation of this mushroom. Conceivable. Therefore, since the waste beds from various mushroom cultivations are usually well composted, they can be applied to the cultivation of this mushroom. Generally, hardwood bark is easy to compost and hardwood is difficult to compost, so hardwood materials are easy to use, but the type is not particularly limited as long as it is sufficiently composted.

【00011】また、炭化モミ殻としては苗代、ワサビ
田用の薫煙モミ殻が利用でき、これを培地基材に混合す
ることにより、通気性を高めるとともに、微量成分を付
与し、倍地組織を本キノコの栽培に適合させることがで
きるものと考えられる。
[00011] As the carbonized fir shells, seedlings and smoked fir shells for wasabi fields can be used. By mixing this with the medium base material, the air permeability is enhanced and a trace amount of components is added to form a double ground tissue. It is thought that this mushroom can be adapted to cultivation.

【00012】キノコ栽培後の廃床を利用する際、この
廃床が十分に堆肥化していない場合、この廃床に消石灰
を添加し、さらに、堆積して堆肥化を進めてから使用す
ればよい。この際、炭化モミ殻を混合して堆肥化しても
よい。
When using a waste bed after mushroom cultivation, if the waste bed is not composted sufficiently, slaked lime may be added to the waste bed, and the waste bed may be further accumulated and used for composting before use. . At this time, the carbonized fir shells may be mixed and composted.

【00013】廃床を堆肥化したものは粘着性で粒子も
細かく、水分調整が困難であるが、これに炭化モミ殻を
加えると水分調整が容易となる。ブナシメジ1回目収穫
後の廃床の成分は表2の通りであるが、この廃床をその
まま用いるとpH値が低く菌糸の生育も低く菌糸の成育
は悪い。そこで、この廃床に消石灰または炭酸カルシウ
ムを添加すれば適度に中和され菌糸の生育は促進され
る。
A composted waste bed is sticky and has fine particles, and it is difficult to adjust the water content. However, when a carbonized fir shell is added to this, the water content is easily adjusted. The components of the waste bed after the first harvest of Bunashimeji are shown in Table 2. However, if this waste bed is used as it is, the pH value is low, the growth of mycelia is low, and the growth of mycelia is poor. Therefore, if slaked lime or calcium carbonate is added to this waste bed, it is moderately neutralized and the growth of mycelia is promoted.

【00014】[00014]

【表2】 [Table 2]

【00015】ササクレヒトヨタケの培地の基本配合
は、従来の試験的な検討から、広葉樹バーク堆肥10.
0に対し、米ヌカ:0.7、フスマ:0.7、で含水率
65%であるが、広葉樹バーク堆肥は高価であり、生産
原価を押し上げるため経済的な栽培には向かなかった
が、本発明による廃床と炭化モミ殻の混合物を用いる方
法を採用すれば経済的な栽培が可能となる。
[00015] The basic composition of the medium of Sasa Kurehi Toyotake is based on conventional trial studies, and hardwood bark compost 10.
Compared to 0, rice bran: 0.7, bran: 0.7, the water content was 65%, but the broad-leaved bark compost was expensive, which was not suitable for economical cultivation because it increased the production cost. If the method of using the mixture of the waste bed and the carbonized fir shell according to the present invention is adopted, economical cultivation becomes possible.

【00016】ササクレヒトヨタケの栽培の一例では、
広葉樹バーク堆肥と堆肥化した廃床を容積比で8体2の
割合で混合して基本培地とした。これに炭化モミ殻を堆
肥化した廃床の50%相当分を加え、栄養添加剤として
オカラとフスマを容積比6対4の割合で混合したものを
基本培地と栄養添加剤の割合が10対2になるように調
整して栽培に供した。含水率を65±2%、pH値を6
〜7.5に調整した後、常圧殺菌釜で度98℃にて4.
5時間殺菌処理し、フィルター付きポリプロピレン袋に
この調整された培地1.2kg詰めた。これにササクレヒ
トヨタケの種菌を接種した後、20℃で30日間培養を
行った。
[00016] In an example of cultivation of Sasa Kurehi Toyotake,
Hardwood bark compost and composted waste beds were mixed at a volume ratio of 8 bodies 2 to prepare a basic medium. 50% of the waste bed composted with carbonized fir shells was added to this, and a mixture of okara and bran at a volume ratio of 6 to 4 was added as a nutrient additive, and the ratio of the basic medium and the nutrient additive was 10 pairs. It was adjusted to 2 and used for cultivation. Water content 65 ± 2%, pH value 6
After adjusting to ˜7.5, the temperature is sterilized at 98 ° C. in an atmospheric sterilizer.
After sterilization for 5 hours, 1.2 kg of this adjusted medium was filled in a polypropylene bag with a filter. After inoculating it with a seed strain of Pleurotus cornucopiae, it was cultured at 20 ° C. for 30 days.

【00017】子実体発生操作については、培養終了
時、培地表面から3cmの高さで袋を切りとり培地被覆資
材として湿らせた後述の各種用土を表面1cmになるよう
に覆土して行った。ササクレヒトヨタケの生育は温度2
2±2℃、湿度90±5℃の発生室内で行なった。本キ
ノコの収穫はツボミのうちに比較的早い時期に行い、1
回目発生のみを調べ、表3にその結果を示す。表中、発
生個数、発生重量は1袋当たりを測定し、キノコ重量は
1本当たりとした。植木用土を被覆資材とした場合は本
キノコの発生は見られたが害菌による腐敗のため発生個
数は0とした。この栽培例ではキノコの収穫はツボミの
うちに、つまり、比較的早い時期に収穫を行った。この
場合、さらに3回以上の収穫も可能である。
At the end of the culture, the fruiting body was produced by cutting the bag at a height of 3 cm from the surface of the medium and covering it with various soils, which will be described later, moistened as a medium covering material so as to have a surface of 1 cm. Temperature of growth of Sasa Kurehi Toyotake is 2
It was carried out in a generation chamber at 2 ± 2 ° C. and a humidity of 90 ± 5 ° C. The mushrooms are harvested relatively early in the bud, 1
Only the second occurrence was examined, and the results are shown in Table 3. In the table, the number of pieces generated and the weight generated were measured per bag, and the weight of mushrooms was set per one. When the soil for planting was used as a covering material, the mushroom was found to be generated, but the number of the mushrooms was set to 0 due to decay by harmful fungi. In this cultivation example, mushrooms were harvested within the buds, that is, relatively early. In this case, more than three harvests are possible.

【00018】[00018]

【表3】 [Table 3]

【00019】1回目の収穫は覆土後20日から始ま
り、6日間で終了したが。表3のように園芸用培土区で
は初期の収穫量が高く、害菌汚染の多い植木用土では収
穫が得られなかった。これは、原基形成には、覆土とし
て、ある程度肥沃化した、覆土資材が適当であることを
示している。また、表1には保水性及び通気性がある培
地基材が適当であることを示しており、害菌汚染の少な
いことは勿論である。
The first harvest started 20 days after covering with soil and ended in 6 days. As shown in Table 3, in the horticultural cultivation soil area, the initial harvest amount was high, and no harvest was obtained with the plant soil soil that was heavily contaminated with harmful bacteria. This indicates that the soil covering material, which has been fertilized to some extent, is suitable for forming the primordia. In addition, Table 1 shows that a water-retaining and air-permeable medium substrate is suitable, and it is needless to say that it is less contaminated with harmful bacteria.

【00020】発生重量は赤玉土、園芸用培土に於ける
試験区間での大きな差異はないが、キノコ一個当たりの
重量は園芸用培土区で9.0gと小さかった。
Although the generated weight was not significantly different between the test sections in the red terrestrial soil and the horticultural soil, the weight per mushroom was as small as 9.0 g in the horticultural soil.

【00021】広葉樹バーク堆肥と堆肥化した廃床の混
合物に代えて、堆肥化した廃床のみを用いた場合、炭化
モミ殻をこの廃床の10%量をこの廃床に加え、栄養添
加剤としてオカラとフスマを容積比6:4で混合したも
のをこの基本培地と栄養添加剤の割合が10:2になる
ように調整して培地として栽培すると、広葉樹バーク堆
肥と堆肥化した廃床の混合物を基本培地とした場合と同
等の収穫量が得られた。尚、添加するモミ殻の量は好ま
しく5〜50%であるが、この範囲外であっても効果を
発揮する。
When only the composted waste bed is used in place of the mixture of hardwood bark compost and the composted waste bed, 10% of the carbonized fir shell is added to the waste bed and a nutritional additive is added. As a mixture of okara and bran at a volume ratio of 6: 4, the basic medium and nutrient additives were adjusted to a ratio of 10: 2 and cultivated as a medium. The yield was the same as when the mixture was used as the basic medium. The amount of fir shell to be added is preferably 5 to 50%, but the effect is exhibited even if it is outside this range.

【00022】さらに、収穫量の増大を目的として、炭
化モミ殻にリン酸成分を含有させて、培地に加えると、
収穫量は10〜30%増大した。リン酸成分としては、
リン酸水素1ナトリウム、リン酸水素2ナトリウム、リ
ン酸水素1カリウム、リン酸水素2カリウム、リン酸ア
ンモニウムなどがあるが、pH値を6.5〜7.5に調
整すれば、いずれでもよい。この他、リン酸カリシウ
ム、鶏糞、骨粉などがあるが溶解し難いので、増大はす
るものの、その効果は小さいが利用はできる。尚、リン
酸成分の炭化モミ殻への添加量は炭化モミ殻重量の1〜
10%程度でよい。
Further, for the purpose of increasing the yield, when a phosphoric acid component is contained in carbonized fir shell and added to the medium,
Yields increased 10-30%. As the phosphoric acid component,
There are 1 sodium hydrogen phosphate, 2 sodium hydrogen phosphate, 1 potassium hydrogen phosphate, 2 potassium hydrogen phosphate, ammonium phosphate, etc., but any one may be used as long as the pH value is adjusted to 6.5 to 7.5. . Other than these, there are calcium phosphate, chicken manure, bone powder, etc., which are difficult to dissolve, but although they increase, their effect is small but they can be used. The amount of the phosphoric acid component added to the carbonized fir shell is 1 to the weight of the carbonized fir shell.
It may be about 10%.

【00023】リン酸成分の代わりに界面活性剤を炭化
モミ殻に添加しても同様な効果が現れる。界面活性剤と
しては、食品添加物のシュガーエステル、脂肪酸ナトリ
ウムなどがあるが、いずれにしても効果が現れ、リン酸
成分との組合せでも加算的な効果が現れる。
Similar effects are exhibited by adding a surfactant to the carbonized fir shell instead of the phosphoric acid component. As the surfactant, there are sugar ester of food additives, sodium fatty acid, and the like, and in any case, the effect appears, and even in combination with the phosphoric acid component, an additive effect also appears.

【00024】これらのリン酸成分含有炭化モミ殻、界
面活性剤含有炭化モミ殻は、覆土に混させることで収穫
量を増大させることができる。また炭化モミ殻は害菌汚
染がない上、活性炭と同じ機能を有しており、覆土に混
入させることが望ましい。
The yield of these phosphoric acid component-containing carbonized hulls and surfactant-containing carbonized fir shells can be increased by mixing them with cover soil. In addition, the carbonized fir shell has no harmful bacteria contamination and has the same function as activated carbon, and it is desirable to mix it with the cover soil.

【00025】[00025]

【実施例】以下に、本発明を実施例により説明する。 実施例1 十分に堆肥化されたブナシメジの廃床(水分65%のも
の)10kgに炭化モミ殻1kg米ヌカ350g、フス
マ350gを混合して、含水率を65±2%、pH値を
6〜7.5に調整した後、常圧で温度98℃にて4.5
時間殺菌処理しフィルター付きポリプロピレン袋に1.
2kg詰めた。これにササクレヒトヨタケの種菌を接種し
した後、20℃で30日間培養を行った。培養終了時、
培地表面から3cmの高さで袋を切り取り覆土資材とし
て炭化モミ殻を容積比で10%混入した赤玉土を培地の
表面に1cmになるようにのせ、温度22±2℃、湿度
90±5%の発生室内で子実体形成を行なった。収穫は
覆土後20日から始まり、従来の広葉樹バーク堆肥基材
での収穫量と同等の250〜260gの収穫量であっ
た。
EXAMPLES The present invention will be described below with reference to examples. Example 1 10 kg of fully composted beech slug waste bed (water content of 65%) was mixed with 1 kg of carbonized fir shell 350 g of rice bran and 350 g of bran to give a water content of 65 ± 2% and a pH value of 6-. After adjusting to 7.5, 4.5 at normal temperature and 98 ° C.
Time-sterilized polypropylene bag with filter 1.
I packed 2kg. This was inoculated with an inoculum of Pleurotus cornucopiae, and then cultured at 20 ° C. for 30 days. At the end of culture,
Cut a bag at a height of 3 cm from the surface of the culture medium, and put red tama soil mixed with 10% by volume of carbonized fir shell as a soil covering material on the surface of the medium to be 1 cm, temperature 22 ± 2 ° C., humidity 90 ± 5% The fruit body was formed in the generation chamber. Harvesting started on the 20th day after the soil was covered, and the harvest amount was 250 to 260 g, which is equivalent to the harvest amount with the conventional hardwood bark compost base material.

【00026】実施例2 炭化モミ殻1kgにpH7値に調整した2%リン酸水素2
ナトリウム溶液1l を加えて混合、湿潤させ、計算量の
炭化モミ殻を使用した以外は実例1と同様にして300
gの収穫量を得た。
Example 2 2% hydrogen phosphate 2 adjusted to pH 7 value in 1 kg of carbonized fir shell
300 ml in the same manner as in Example 1 except that 1 l of sodium solution was added, mixed and moistened, and the calculated amount of fir shell was used.
A yield of g was obtained.

【00027】実施例3 炭化モミ殻の量を実例1の場合の1kgから2kgにした
以外は実例1と同様にして収穫量280gを得た。
Example 3 A yield of 280 g was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the amount of the carbonized fir shell was changed from 1 kg in Example 1 to 2 kg.

【00028】実施例4 実施例2の2%リン酸水素2ナトリウムをソルビタンシ
ュガーエステルに変えた以外は実施例2と同様にして、
収穫量270gを得た。
Example 4 Example 2 was repeated except that 2% disodium hydrogen phosphate of Example 2 was replaced with sorbitan sugar ester.
A yield of 270 g was obtained.

【00029】[00029]

【発明の効果】本発明によれば、ササクレヒトヨタケの
種菌の接種から子実体発生までの期間は約40〜50日
と比較的短期間であり、廃床の利用で生産コストを低減
できるので他のキノコ生産と比較して有利である。廃床
を堆肥化したものは粘着性で、粒子も細かく、水分調整
が困難で使用し難いが、これに炭化モミ殻を添加、混合
すれば培地の通気性がよくなり、さらにpH値の調整や
微量成分が付与されるために菌糸の生育も良好となる。
EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention, the period from the inoculation of Pleurotus cornucopiae inoculum to the occurrence of fruiting bodies is about 40 to 50 days, which is a relatively short period, and the production cost can be reduced by utilizing the waste bed. Advantageous compared to mushroom production. The composted waste bed is sticky, its particles are fine, and its water content is difficult to adjust, making it difficult to use, but adding and mixing carbonized fir shell with this will improve the air permeability of the medium and further adjust the pH value. Also, the growth of mycelia becomes good because of the addition of trace components.

【00030】炭化モミ殻と廃床の栄養成分を組み合わ
せると生育効果はさらに高まり、子実体収穫量も増大す
る。
The combination of the carbonized fir shell and the nutrient components of the waste bed further enhances the growth effect and the fruit body yield.

【00031】従来のササクレヒトヨタケでは、収穫後
一夜にして黒変、腐敗するのに対して本発明の方法で生
産されたササクレヒトヨタケは組織が引き締まっており
数日間室温で放置しても黒変、腐敗はしない。
In the conventional Sasa Kurehi Toyotake, which is blackened and rotted overnight after harvest, the Sasa Kurehi Toyotake produced by the method of the present invention has a tight organization and is blackened even if left at room temperature for several days. It doesn't rot.

【00032】最近はグルメブームで新しいキノコへの
要望が高まっている。本発明で生産されるキノコは、そ
の要望に合ったものであり、味質に癖がなく、淡白で、
各種の料理に適合する素材であるので、缶詰、乾燥野
菜、惣菜など多種食品に利用できる。
Recently, the demand for new mushrooms has increased due to the gourmet boom. The mushrooms produced by the present invention meet the needs, have a tasteless taste, are pale,
Since it is a material suitable for various dishes, it can be used for various foods such as canned foods, dried vegetables, and prepared foods.

Claims (4)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 キノコの人工栽培における廃床を用い、
この廃床に炭化したモミ殻を加えてササクレヒトヨタケ
を栽培する方法。
1. A waste bed used for artificial cultivation of mushrooms is used.
A method of cultivating Pleurotus cornucopiae by adding carbonized fir shells to this abandoned bed.
【請求項2】 上記廃床がブナシメジ、シイタケ、エノ
キタケ、ナメコ、ヒラタケ、及び、マイタケの人工栽培
における廃床である請求項1記載のササクレヒトヨタケ
を栽培する方法。
2. The method for cultivating Pleurotus cornucopiae L. according to claim 1, wherein the waste bed is a waste bed in artificial cultivation of beech shimeji mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, enoki mushrooms, nameko mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, and maitake mushrooms.
【請求項3】 上記の炭化したモミ殻の添加量が上記廃
床に対して容積比5〜50%である請求項1及び請求項
2記載のササクレヒトヨタケを栽培する方法。
3. The method for cultivating Pleurotus cornucopiae according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the amount of the carbonized fir shell added is 5 to 50% by volume with respect to the waste bed.
【請求項4】 上記の炭化したモミ殻にリン酸成分およ
び/または界面活性剤を添加する請求項1、請求項2、
及び請求項3記載のササクレヒトヨタケを栽培する方
法。
4. A phosphoric acid component and / or a surfactant is added to the carbonized fir shell of claim 1, 2.
And a method for cultivating Sasa Kurehi Tototake according to claim 3.
JP5207137A 1993-07-28 1993-07-28 Method for culturing coprinus comatus Pending JPH0739248A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5207137A JPH0739248A (en) 1993-07-28 1993-07-28 Method for culturing coprinus comatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5207137A JPH0739248A (en) 1993-07-28 1993-07-28 Method for culturing coprinus comatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0739248A true JPH0739248A (en) 1995-02-10

Family

ID=16534818

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Country Link
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US8336264B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2012-12-25 Kikukawa Kogyo Co., Ltd. Installation structure of exterior wall decorative sheets
CN102612993A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-08-01 何寒 Method for bag cultivation of coprinus comatus by using raw materials
CN102612990A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-08-01 何寒 Method for bed cultivation of coprinus comatus
CN102763562A (en) * 2012-08-15 2012-11-07 苏州硒谷科技有限公司 Cultivating method for high-selenium edible fungus
CN102763561A (en) * 2012-08-15 2012-11-07 苏州硒谷科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-selenium coprinus comatus
CN103004465A (en) * 2012-12-02 2013-04-03 中华全国供销合作总社昆明食用菌研究所 Coprinus comatus strain and preparation method
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CN103922845A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-16 山东创新源农业技术开发有限公司 Bacterial contamination-resistant coprinus comatus cultivation matrix and preparation method thereof
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CN104041327A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-17 平阴县蔬菜技术服务中心 Method for all-year production of coprinus comatus by utilization of soil cave
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CN104892170A (en) * 2015-06-01 2015-09-09 吴迪 Coprinus comatus culture medium and preparation method thereof
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