JP5630714B2 - Organic waste treatment equipment - Google Patents

Organic waste treatment equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP5630714B2
JP5630714B2 JP2011151618A JP2011151618A JP5630714B2 JP 5630714 B2 JP5630714 B2 JP 5630714B2 JP 2011151618 A JP2011151618 A JP 2011151618A JP 2011151618 A JP2011151618 A JP 2011151618A JP 5630714 B2 JP5630714 B2 JP 5630714B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
organic waste
treatment tank
gas
combustion
cylindrical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2011151618A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2013017926A (en
Inventor
直行 一瀬
直行 一瀬
Original Assignee
株式会社修電舎
株式会社太陽機械製作所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社修電舎, 株式会社太陽機械製作所 filed Critical 株式会社修電舎
Priority to JP2011151618A priority Critical patent/JP5630714B2/en
Publication of JP2013017926A publication Critical patent/JP2013017926A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP5630714B2 publication Critical patent/JP5630714B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/38Removing components of undefined structure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/26Conditioning fluids entering or exiting the reaction vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • C12M41/18Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M43/00Combinations of bioreactors or fermenters with other apparatus
    • C12M43/04Bioreactors or fermenters combined with combustion devices or plants, e.g. for carbon dioxide removal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/06Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2251/00Reactants
    • B01D2251/30Alkali metal compounds
    • B01D2251/304Alkali metal compounds of sodium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2251/00Reactants
    • B01D2251/60Inorganic bases or salts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2252/00Absorbents, i.e. solvents and liquid materials for gas absorption
    • B01D2252/10Inorganic absorbents
    • B01D2252/103Water
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/90Odorous compounds not provided for in groups B01D2257/00 - B01D2257/708
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0275Other waste gases from food processing plants or kitchens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases
    • B01D2258/0291Flue gases from waste incineration plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/18Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by thermal conditioning
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/32Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from the food or foodstuff industry, e.g. brewery waste waters

Description

本発明は、食品廃棄物などの処理装置であって、とくに好気性発酵菌を利用する有機性廃棄物処理装置に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a processing apparatus for food waste and the like, and more particularly to an organic waste processing apparatus that uses aerobic fermentative bacteria.
従来の有機性廃棄物処理装置は、処理槽に生ゴミ等の有機性廃棄物を投入し、撹拌羽根を回転させることにより処理槽内の有機性廃棄物と発酵菌とを混ぜ合わせるとともに、撹拌羽根から処理槽内に温風を吹き出すことによって有機性廃棄物から水分を蒸発させ、有機性廃棄物に適度な温度と湿度を与えることにより、効果的な発酵を確保して有機性廃棄物の発酵分解を促進させるように構成されている。   Conventional organic waste treatment equipment mixes organic waste and fermenting bacteria in the treatment tank by putting organic waste such as garbage into the treatment tank and rotating the stirring blades, and stirring. By blowing warm air from the blades into the treatment tank, the water is evaporated from the organic waste, and by giving the organic waste an appropriate temperature and humidity, effective fermentation is ensured. It is configured to promote fermentation decomposition.
しかしながら、上記の有機性廃棄物処理装置では、処理機から送出される排気がそのまま外部に放出される構造となっており、排気の悪臭が外部にまき散らされるという問題があり、処理装置に付随して脱臭装置を設置する必要があった。   However, the above-mentioned organic waste treatment apparatus has a structure in which the exhaust gas sent from the treatment machine is discharged to the outside as it is, and there is a problem that the bad smell of the exhaust gas is scattered outside. It was necessary to install a deodorizing device.
そこで、処理槽に投入された被処理物に向けて温風を送出する温風発生器と、処理槽内の湿潤した温風を除湿するとともに、除湿された空気を筐体の外部に排出することなく、前記温風発生器に環流して温風発生器から再度処理槽に送出させる温風の循環送風手段とを設けた有機性廃棄物処理装置が提案されている(特許文献1参照。)。   Therefore, a hot air generator that sends out hot air toward the object to be processed put into the processing tank, and dehumidified hot air in the processing tank are dehumidified, and the dehumidified air is discharged to the outside of the housing. There has been proposed an organic waste treatment apparatus provided with a circulating air blowing means for circulating warm air to the hot air generator and sending it from the hot air generator to the treatment tank again (see Patent Document 1). ).
特開2002−239514号公報JP 2002-239514 A
しかしながら、上記特許文献1に提案されている有機性廃棄物処理装置は、処理槽と、温風発生器と、温風の循環送風手段とを密閉可能な筐体内に収容し、処理槽内で発生する臭気が外部に放出させない構造とするものであるが、外気と完全に遮断した状態で温風を循環させることは極めて困難なものであり、必然的に臭気が外部に漏れるものであり、脱臭のための脱臭装置が必要となるものであった。   However, the organic waste treatment apparatus proposed in Patent Document 1 contains a treatment tank, a warm air generator, and a circulating means for circulating hot air in a sealable casing, Although the structure is designed to prevent the generated odor from being released to the outside, it is extremely difficult to circulate hot air in a state of being completely cut off from the outside air, and odor inevitably leaks to the outside. A deodorizing device for deodorization is required.
上記の問題点に鑑み本発明者は、有機性廃棄物を好気性発酵菌によって発酵分解処理する際に発生するガスを再利用すると共に、バーナーの燃焼によって脱臭を行なうことができる有機性廃棄物処理装置を提供するに至った。   In view of the above problems, the present inventor recycles the gas generated when the organic waste is fermented and decomposed by aerobic fermentation bacteria, and the organic waste can be deodorized by burning the burner. It came to provide a processing apparatus.
このため、本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置は、処理槽で有機性廃棄物を発酵菌によって発酵分解処理し、処理槽内で発生する臭気を含むガスを燃焼炉に供給して燃焼させて脱臭すると共に、前記燃焼炉で発生した燃焼ガスを処理槽の外装へ供給して処理槽を加熱する有機性廃棄物処理装置において、多孔質吸着材と、該多孔質吸着材が収容され表面がメッシュ状に形成された筒状体と、該筒状体を複数連動して周方向に回動させる駆動機構と、前記筒状体に向かって洗浄液を散水するスプレー装置を有するスクラバー装置と、前記臭気を含んだガスの送気経路を前記燃焼炉、又は前記スクラバー装置へと切り替える三方弁を備え、前記燃焼炉の燃焼が停止すると送気経路を切替えることを第一の特徴とする。
For this reason, the organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention fermentatively decomposes organic waste with fermenting bacteria in a treatment tank, supplies a gas containing odor generated in the treatment tank to a combustion furnace, and burns it. In the organic waste treatment apparatus that deodorizes and supplies the combustion gas generated in the combustion furnace to the exterior of the treatment tank to heat the treatment tank, the porous adsorbent and the surface where the porous adsorbent is accommodated A cylindrical body formed in a mesh shape, a drive mechanism that rotates the cylindrical bodies in a circumferential direction in conjunction with each other, a scrubber device having a spray device that sprays cleaning liquid toward the cylindrical body, and A first feature is that a three-way valve for switching an air supply path of gas containing odor to the combustion furnace or the scrubber device is provided, and the air supply path is switched when combustion in the combustion furnace stops .
この構成において、主バーナーの燃料は通常の灯油、重油だけでなく天ぷら油、廃油などの代替燃料が使用され、また燃焼用空気として処理槽内で発生する臭気を含んだガスが使用され、種火バーナーによって着火される。   In this configuration, the fuel for the main burner is not only ordinary kerosene and heavy oil, but also alternative fuels such as tempura oil and waste oil, and gas containing odors generated in the treatment tank is used as combustion air. Ignited by a fire burner.
本発明に係る有機性廃棄物処理装置によれば、主バーナーの燃焼ガスを処理槽の外部加熱として利用することが可能であり、また熱交換装置によって加熱された外気は、処理槽内を循環して有機性廃棄物の発酵処理に使用され、また、処理槽内で発酵処理される有機性廃棄物から発生する臭気を含んだガスは、処理槽内で循環する加熱された外気と共に再度主バーナーの燃焼用空気として利用され、主バーナーの燃焼の際に脱臭できるという効果を有する。   According to the organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention, it is possible to use the combustion gas of the main burner as external heating of the treatment tank, and the outside air heated by the heat exchange device circulates in the treatment tank. The gas containing odor generated from the organic waste that is used in the fermentation treatment of organic waste and fermented in the treatment tank is again reused together with the heated outside air circulating in the treatment tank. It is used as combustion air for the burner and has the effect that it can be deodorized when the main burner is burned.
尚、主バーナーの燃料には灯油、重油だけでなく、天ぷら油、廃油などの代替燃料が使用できる。   As the fuel for the main burner, not only kerosene and heavy oil but also alternative fuels such as tempura oil and waste oil can be used.
さらに、燃焼用空気の送気経路を三方弁によって変更することが可能であり、主バーナーの消火後であっても、燃焼用空気に含まれる臭気を含んだガスをスクラバーによって脱臭できるという効果を有する。   Furthermore, it is possible to change the air supply path of the combustion air with a three-way valve, and even after the main burner is extinguished, the gas containing the odor contained in the combustion air can be deodorized by the scrubber. Have.
しかも、スクラバー装置は、木炭等の多孔質吸着材を複数充填したメッシュ状の開口を有する筒状体と、該筒状体を複数連動して周方向に回動させる駆動機構と、前記筒状体の上方から洗浄水を供給するスプレー装置と、からなり、上記燃焼用空気を前記筒状体の下方から供給すると共に、前記スプレー装置による散水によって前記燃焼用空気の除塵及び脱臭を行なうことができるという効果を有する。   In addition, the scrubber device includes a cylindrical body having a mesh-shaped opening filled with a plurality of porous adsorbents such as charcoal, a driving mechanism for rotating the cylindrical bodies in a circumferential direction, and the cylindrical shape. A spray device for supplying cleaning water from above the body, supplying the combustion air from below the cylindrical body, and dedusting and deodorizing the combustion air by watering the spray device. It has the effect of being able to.
本発明に係る有機性廃棄物処理装置の一実施例を示す正面説明図である。It is front explanatory drawing which shows one Example of the organic waste processing apparatus which concerns on this invention. 図1の平面説明図である。FIG. 2 is an explanatory plan view of FIG. 1. 左側面説明図である。It is an explanatory left side view of FIG. 右側面説明図である。FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram on the right side of FIG. 1 . スクラバー装置の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of a scrubber apparatus. 筒状体の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of a cylindrical body.
以下、本発明を実施例を示す図面を参照しながら説明するが、本発明が本実施例に限定されないことは言うまでもない。図1は本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置の一実施例を示す正面説明図、図2は図1の平面説明図、図3は図左側面説明図、図4は図右側面説明図、図5はスクラバー装置の説明図、図6は筒状体の説明図である。
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings illustrating embodiments, but it is needless to say that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments. Figure 1 is a front explanatory view showing one example of organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a plan explanatory view of Figure 1, Figure 3 is a left side illustration of FIG. 1, the right side of FIG. 4 FIG. 1 face illustration, FIG. 5 is an explanatory view of a scrubber unit, FIG. 6 is an explanatory view of the tubular body.
図1乃至図4に示すように、本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置1は、有機性廃棄物を処理する処理槽2と、この処理槽2と接続して、有機性廃棄物の発酵に必要な熱を供給する熱交換装置3と、この熱交換装置3の熱源である燃焼炉4と、処理槽2内で発生するガスを含む空気を前記主バーナーに供給する燃焼用空気供給機構5と、から構成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, the organic waste treatment apparatus 1 of the present invention is connected to a treatment tank 2 for treating organic waste and the treatment tank 2 for fermentation of organic waste. A heat exchange device 3 for supplying necessary heat, a combustion furnace 4 as a heat source for the heat exchange device 3, and a combustion air supply mechanism 5 for supplying air containing gas generated in the treatment tank 2 to the main burner And is composed of.
処理槽2は、上部に投入口6を有し側面底部がU字型に形成された中空の箱体であり、有機性廃棄物、水分調整材及び発酵用菌体を投入口6から投入可能とする。処理槽2の長手方向には貫通軸7と、この貫通軸7を回動させる駆動モーター8が接続され、この貫通軸7に取付けられた攪拌用スクリュー(図示せず)の回動によって有機性廃棄物、水分調整材及び発酵用菌体を攪拌する。そして、後述する熱交換装置3によって加熱された外気を取り込んで有機性廃棄物、水分調整材及び発酵用菌体を所定の温度で加熱し発酵を促進する。   The treatment tank 2 is a hollow box having an inlet 6 at the top and a U-shaped bottom at the side, and organic waste, moisture adjusting material and fermentation cells can be introduced from the inlet 6. And A penetrating shaft 7 and a drive motor 8 for rotating the penetrating shaft 7 are connected in the longitudinal direction of the processing tank 2, and organicity is generated by rotating a stirring screw (not shown) attached to the penetrating shaft 7. Stir wastes, moisture regulators and fermentation cells. And the outside air heated with the heat exchange apparatus 3 mentioned later is taken in, an organic waste, a water | moisture-content adjustment material, and the fungus | fungus body for fermentation are heated at predetermined temperature, and fermentation is accelerated | stimulated.
処理槽2の底部には処理槽2の外装から加熱するジャケット部9が形成されており、後述する熱交換装置3に使用された熱風が循環して、処理槽2内に投入された有機性廃棄物、水分調整材及び発酵用菌体を所定の温度で加熱する。そして、発酵処理後、熟成された有機性廃棄物は有機肥料或いは飼料用原料として排出口10から排出される。ここで処理される有機性廃棄物としては、食品残渣、水産加工廃棄物、畜産し尿、汚泥、動物性残渣などが挙げられ、また水分調整材としては米糠、粉砕籾殻などが使用される。そして、発酵用菌体としては好気性菌体である内城菌などが使用される。   A jacket 9 for heating from the exterior of the processing tank 2 is formed at the bottom of the processing tank 2, and the hot air used in the heat exchange device 3 to be described later circulates and is introduced into the processing tank 2. The waste, moisture adjusting material and fermentation cells are heated at a predetermined temperature. After the fermentation treatment, the matured organic waste is discharged from the discharge port 10 as organic fertilizer or feed raw material. Examples of the organic waste to be treated here include food residues, marine processed wastes, livestock manure, sludge, animal residues and the like, and rice bran, crushed rice husks and the like are used as the moisture adjusting material. As the fermentation cells, Uchijo bacteria, which are aerobic cells, are used.
熱交換装置3は、二重の筒状体からなり、燃焼炉4から中央筒状体3a内に送気される熱風と、外気取込みファン11によって吸引され外側筒状体3bと中央筒状体3aの間を通過する外気で熱交換を行い、中央筒状体3a内に送気され熱交換に使用された熱風は、上述したジャケット部9へ供給される。一方外側筒状体3bと中央筒状体3aの間を通過し、熱交換によって加熱された外気は、循環ブロア12によって吸引されて処理槽2内の上部に供給され、有機性廃棄物、水分調整材及び発酵用菌体を加熱する。   The heat exchange device 3 is composed of a double cylindrical body, and is heated by the hot air sent from the combustion furnace 4 into the central cylindrical body 3a and the outside cylindrical body 3b and the central cylindrical body which are sucked by the outside air intake fan 11. Heat exchange is performed with the outside air passing between 3a, and the hot air sent into the central cylindrical body 3a and used for heat exchange is supplied to the jacket portion 9 described above. On the other hand, the outside air that has passed between the outer cylindrical body 3b and the central cylindrical body 3a and has been heated by heat exchange is sucked by the circulation blower 12 and supplied to the upper part of the treatment tank 2, and organic waste, moisture Heat the conditioning material and fermentation cells.
燃焼炉4は、種火バーナー13と主バーナー14からなる燃焼装置を有し、熱交換装置3の下部に連通して取付けられており、処理槽2内で発生するガスを含む空気を、後述する燃焼用空気供給機構5によって供給して、燃料供給装置(図示せず)から供給される灯油などの燃料を燃焼させる。尚、種火バーナー13は主バーナー14の着火後消火される。また、燃料としては灯油以外でも、粘度10cp以下で熱量6000Kcal
の自燃性を有する天ぷら油、廃油などの代替燃料も利用可能である。
The combustion furnace 4 includes a combustion device including a seed fire burner 13 and a main burner 14, and is connected to a lower portion of the heat exchange device 3 so that air containing gas generated in the treatment tank 2 can be described later. The fuel is supplied by the combustion air supply mechanism 5 and burns fuel such as kerosene supplied from a fuel supply device (not shown). The seed fire burner 13 is extinguished after the main burner 14 is ignited. In addition to kerosene, the fuel has a viscosity of 10 cp or less and a calorie of 6000 Kcal.
Alternative fuels such as tempura oil and waste oil having self-flammability are also available.
燃焼用空気供給機構5は、排気ファン15と、三方弁16と、スクラバー装置17と、これらを接続する配管18とから構成されており、処理槽2及び燃焼炉4と連設する。そして処理槽2内で発酵処理される有機性廃棄物から発生する臭気を含んだガスは、処理槽内で循環する加熱された外気と共に排気ファン15によって吸引されて、三方弁16を介して燃焼炉4の主バーナー14に送気され、燃焼用空気として利用される。また、主バーナー14の燃焼が停止すると、三方弁16により主バーナー14への接続がスクラバー装置17へと切り替わり、臭気を含んだガスの粉塵と臭気を除去して大気へ放出させる。   The combustion air supply mechanism 5 includes an exhaust fan 15, a three-way valve 16, a scrubber device 17, and a pipe 18 that connects them, and is connected to the treatment tank 2 and the combustion furnace 4. And the gas containing the odor generated from the organic waste fermented in the treatment tank 2 is sucked by the exhaust fan 15 together with the heated outside air circulating in the treatment tank and burned through the three-way valve 16. It is sent to the main burner 14 of the furnace 4 and used as combustion air. When the combustion of the main burner 14 is stopped, the connection to the main burner 14 is switched to the scrubber device 17 by the three-way valve 16, and the dust and odor of gas containing odor are removed and released to the atmosphere.
上記構成からなる本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置1は、処理槽2内に投入される有機性廃棄物の発酵処理に必要な熱源として、熱交換装置3によって得られたクリーンな外気が使用される。また、処理槽2の外装に形成されたジャケット部9には、熱交換に使用された主バーナー14からの熱風が循環し、処理槽2全体を外部から加熱する。この処理槽2の内、外からの加熱によって、投入された有機性廃棄物の発酵処理を常に安定して行なうことができる。   The organic waste treatment apparatus 1 of the present invention having the above-described configuration uses clean outside air obtained by the heat exchange device 3 as a heat source necessary for fermentation treatment of organic waste put into the treatment tank 2. Is done. Moreover, the hot air from the main burner 14 used for heat exchange circulates in the jacket part 9 formed in the exterior of the processing tank 2 to heat the entire processing tank 2 from the outside. By heating from the outside of the treatment tank 2, the input organic waste can be fermented stably.
さらに、上記燃焼用空気供給機構5によって、処理槽2内で発酵処理される有機性廃棄物から発生する臭気を含んだガスは、処理槽内で循環する加熱された外気と共に主バーナー14の燃焼用空気として利用され、燃焼炉4内で高温の燃焼熱によって脱臭することができるため、外部に臭気が発散することがない。   Furthermore, the combustion air supply mechanism 5 causes the gas containing odor generated from the organic waste fermented in the treatment tank 2 to burn in the main burner 14 together with the heated outside air circulating in the treatment tank. Since it is used as working air and can be deodorized by high-temperature combustion heat in the combustion furnace 4, no odor is emitted to the outside.
次に、図5及び図6に従って、本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置1に使用するスクラバー装置17について説明する。   Next, according to FIG.5 and FIG.6, the scrubber apparatus 17 used for the organic waste processing apparatus 1 of this invention is demonstrated.
図に示すように、スクラバー装置17は、中空の筐体からなる本体19の下部にガス流入口(図示せず)を設け、上部にガス排出口(図示せず)を形成し、本体19の中央には表面にメッシュ状に開口部が形成された複数の筒状体20取付けられ、駆動装置(図示せず)によって周方向に回動可能とされている。また本体上部にはスプレー装置が設置されており、筒状体20方向に散水する。
As shown in the figure, the scrubber device 17 is provided with a gas inlet (not shown) in the lower part of the main body 19 formed of a hollow casing, and a gas outlet (not shown) in the upper part. A plurality of cylindrical bodies 20 having mesh-like openings formed on the surface are attached to the center, and can be rotated in the circumferential direction by a driving device (not shown). Moreover, the spray apparatus is installed in the main body upper part, and sprinkles water in the cylindrical body 20 direction.
筒状体20は、その内部に木炭21が複数充填されており、表面にメッシュ状の開口部を有し上記したガスの通過やスプレー装置による散水の通過を自在とする。そして側面一端側には上記駆動装置と連結する連結管22が設けられており、駆動装置の回動伝達軸23と連結して周方向に回動可能とされている。筒状体の材質としては、防錆性のステンレスが望ましいが、FRPなどの強化プラスチックであっても構わない。   The cylindrical body 20 is filled with a plurality of charcoal 21 inside, and has a mesh-like opening on the surface, allowing the gas to pass and the spraying device to pass through. A connecting tube 22 connected to the driving device is provided at one end of the side surface, and is connected to the rotation transmission shaft 23 of the driving device so as to be rotatable in the circumferential direction. The material of the cylindrical body is preferably rust-proof stainless steel, but may be reinforced plastic such as FRP.
排気ファン1によって吸引される有機性廃棄物の発酵時に発生する臭気を含んだガスは、三方弁16を介してスクラバー装置17のガス流入口から本体19内に送気され、複数の筒状体20を通過しながらガス排出口から大気へ放出される。この際、複数の筒状体20は常に連動して周方向に回動しており、筒状体20内の木炭21とガスとの接触面積を変化させると共に、上部に設けられたスプレー装置からの散水によってガスに含まれる粉塵と臭気成分が取り除かれる。尚、落下した水は、一端受けタンクに溜められた後、再度ポンプによって散水装置へ送られて利用される。また、本実施例においては水を使用する例で説明したが、次亜塩素酸ソーダ溶液なども使用できる。 Gas containing odor generated during the fermentation of organic waste which is sucked by the exhaust fan 1 5 is air through the three-way valve 16 from the gas inlet of the scrubber unit 17 in the main body 19, a plurality of cylindrical While passing through the body 20, it is released from the gas outlet to the atmosphere. At this time, the plurality of cylindrical bodies 20 always rotate in the circumferential direction in conjunction with each other, change the contact area between the charcoal 21 and the gas in the cylindrical body 20, and from the spray device provided in the upper part. Dust and odor components contained in the gas are removed by water spraying. The dropped water is once stored in the receiving tank and then sent again to the watering device by the pump for use. Moreover, although the example which uses water demonstrated in the present Example, the sodium hypochlorite solution etc. can also be used.
次に、本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置による有機性廃棄物の処理例を説明する。
(有機性廃棄物)
動物性残渣 1000Kg
野菜残渣 1000Kg
(水分調整材)
米ぬか、粉砕籾ガラ 650Kg
(発酵菌体)
内城菌 265g
(処理条件)
加熱時間 10〜13時間
冷却時間 2〜2.5時間
Next, an example of processing organic waste by the organic waste processing apparatus of the present invention will be described.
(Organic waste)
Animal residue 1000Kg
Vegetable residue 1000Kg
(Moisture adjustment material)
Rice bran, ground rice cake 650kg
(Fermented cells)
265 g of inner castle fungus
(Processing conditions)
Heating time 10-13 hours Cooling time 2-2.5 hours
(結果)
生成された、製品は水分量15%以下の粗粉であり、悪臭などの発生もなく肥料や飼料の原料として活用できた。
(result)
The produced product was a coarse powder having a moisture content of 15% or less, and it could be used as a raw material for fertilizer and feed without generation of malodor.
以上、本発明の有機性廃棄物処理装置によれば、主バーナーの燃焼ガスを処理槽の外部加熱として利用し、また熱交換装置によって加熱された外気は、処理槽内を循環して有機性廃棄物の発酵処理に使用される。また、処理槽内で発酵処理される有機性廃棄物から発生する臭気を含んだガスは、処理槽内で循環する加熱された外気と共に再度主バーナーの燃焼用空気として利用され、主バーナーの燃焼の際に脱臭できる。さらに、燃焼用空気の送気経路を三方弁によって変更することが可能であり、主バーナーの消火後であっても、燃焼用空気に含まれる臭気を含んだガスをスクラバーによって脱臭できる。   As described above, according to the organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention, the combustion gas of the main burner is used as external heating of the treatment tank, and the outside air heated by the heat exchange device is circulated in the treatment tank to be organic. Used for fermentation treatment of waste. Also, the gas containing odor generated from the organic waste fermented in the treatment tank is reused as the combustion air for the main burner together with the heated outside air circulating in the treatment tank. It can be deodorized. Furthermore, the air supply path of the combustion air can be changed by a three-way valve, and the gas containing the odor contained in the combustion air can be deodorized by the scrubber even after the main burner is extinguished.
1 有機性廃棄物処理装置
2 処理槽
3 熱交換装置
3a 中央筒状体
3b 外側筒状体
4 燃焼炉
5 燃焼用空気供給機構
6 投入口
7 貫通軸
8 駆動モーター
9 ジャケット部
10 排出口
11 外気取込みファン
12 循環ブロア
13 種火バーナー
14 主バーナー
15 排気ファン
16 三方弁
17 スクラバー装置
18 配管
19 本体
20 筒状体
21 木炭
22 連結管
23 回動伝達軸
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Organic waste processing apparatus 2 Processing tank 3 Heat exchange apparatus 3a Central cylindrical body 3b Outer cylindrical body 4 Combustion furnace 5 Combustion air supply mechanism 6 Input port 7 Through shaft 8 Drive motor 9 Jacket part 10 Outlet port 11 Outside air Intake fan 12 Circulating blower 13 Type fire burner 14 Main burner 15 Exhaust fan 16 Three-way valve 17 Scrubber device 18 Piping 19 Body 20 Tubular body 21 Charcoal 22 Connecting pipe 23 Rotation transmission shaft

Claims (1)

  1. 処理槽で有機性廃棄物を発酵菌によって発酵分解処理し、処理槽内で発生する臭気を含むガスを燃焼炉に供給して燃焼させて脱臭すると共に、前記燃焼炉で発生した燃焼ガスを処理槽の外装へ供給して処理槽を加熱する有機性廃棄物処理装置において、多孔質吸着材と、該多孔質吸着材が収容され表面がメッシュ状に形成された筒状体と、該筒状体を複数連動して周方向に回動させる駆動機構と、前記筒状体に向かって洗浄液を散水するスプレー装置を有するスクラバー装置と、前記臭気を含んだガスの送気経路を前記燃焼炉、又は前記スクラバー装置へと切り替える三方弁を備え、前記燃焼炉の燃焼が停止すると送気経路を切替えることを特徴とする有機廃棄物処理装置。 Organic waste is fermented and decomposed by fermenting bacteria in the treatment tank, and gas containing odors generated in the treatment tank is supplied to the combustion furnace to burn and deodorize, and the combustion gas generated in the combustion furnace is treated. In an organic waste treatment apparatus that heats a treatment tank by supplying it to the exterior of the tank, a porous adsorbent, a cylindrical body that contains the porous adsorbent and has a mesh-like surface, and the cylindrical shape A driving mechanism for rotating the body in a circumferential direction in conjunction with each other; a scrubber device having a spray device for spraying cleaning liquid toward the cylindrical body; and an air supply path for the gas containing the odor in the combustion furnace, Alternatively , an organic waste treatment apparatus comprising a three-way valve for switching to the scrubber device and switching an air supply path when combustion in the combustion furnace is stopped .
JP2011151618A 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Organic waste treatment equipment Active JP5630714B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2011151618A JP5630714B2 (en) 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Organic waste treatment equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2011151618A JP5630714B2 (en) 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Organic waste treatment equipment
CN201280026877.7A CN103561878B (en) 2011-07-08 2012-07-04 Organic waste treatment device
PCT/JP2012/067044 WO2013008690A1 (en) 2011-07-08 2012-07-04 Organic waste treatment device
TW101124425A TWI495520B (en) 2011-07-08 2012-07-06 Organic waste treatment equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2013017926A JP2013017926A (en) 2013-01-31
JP5630714B2 true JP5630714B2 (en) 2014-11-26

Family

ID=47505981

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2011151618A Active JP5630714B2 (en) 2011-07-08 2011-07-08 Organic waste treatment equipment

Country Status (4)

Country Link
JP (1) JP5630714B2 (en)
CN (1) CN103561878B (en)
TW (1) TWI495520B (en)
WO (1) WO2013008690A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104654312B (en) * 2015-02-27 2017-03-01 四川欣源绿环保科技有限公司 A kind of nonflame burning process of solid waste
CN104926379A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-23 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Food-garbage microprocessor
CN105867490A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 安庆市津海工业产品设计有限公司 Humidification and temperature control device for material mixing tank
CN106039982B (en) * 2016-07-11 2018-11-30 湖南屎壳郎环境科技有限公司 A kind of the washing governing system and method for fermentation odor and combustion product gases
CN109834108B (en) * 2019-03-06 2020-04-28 江苏尚美环保科技有限公司 Diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experiment medicine waste
CN110743904B (en) * 2019-11-10 2021-02-09 顺达生态环保科技(葫芦岛)有限公司 Method for preparing organic composite soil from household garbage

Family Cites Families (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1284410A (en) * 1970-05-15 1972-08-09 Kali Charan Bansal Anti air pollution device
JP2563010B2 (en) * 1991-07-19 1996-12-11 株式会社荏原総合研究所 Method of treating organic chlorine compounds
JPH0653107B2 (en) * 1992-07-09 1994-07-20 直彦 ▲高▼畑 Medical diagnostic device using line-of-sight detection
JPH0721262Y2 (en) * 1993-03-04 1995-05-17 日本キッチン工業株式会社 Circulating hot air uniform contact heating type food waste treatment device
JP3350145B2 (en) * 1993-05-18 2002-11-25 株式会社タカハシキカン Deodorizing fermentation drying equipment for organic waste
JP3292572B2 (en) * 1993-11-11 2002-06-17 大阪瓦斯株式会社 Garbage fermentation processing equipment
KR950013596A (en) * 1993-11-13 1995-06-15 타케오 마쯔모토 Wet Garbage Disposal Device and Wet Garbage Disposal Method
JPH0824899A (en) * 1994-07-20 1996-01-30 Ohbayashi Corp Organic waste treatment
JPH11277040A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-12 Aiwa Co Ltd Garbage treatment apparatus
WO2001068563A1 (en) * 2000-03-15 2001-09-20 Japan Noble Systems Inc. Method and apparatus for producing organic fertilizer
JP2001347249A (en) * 2000-06-08 2001-12-18 Kiyomoto Bio Co Ltd Method for treating organic waste at high rate
JP3740412B2 (en) * 2000-12-12 2006-02-01 有限会社エコシステム Organic waste treatment machine
JP2003251318A (en) * 2002-03-06 2003-09-09 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Fermentation treatment apparatus for organic waste
KR100874855B1 (en) * 2004-04-23 2008-12-18 두르 시스템즈 인코포레이티드 Cleaning method of rotary adsorber
JP2006239598A (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-14 Komazawa Kogyo Kk Method and apparatus for treating toxic gas using activated carbon
CA2578991C (en) * 2006-01-03 2012-05-29 Maurice Chambe Process and device for thermal treatment of organic materials
JP2009167063A (en) * 2008-01-18 2009-07-30 Satake Corp Method of composting organic waste and apparatus therefor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2013008690A1 (en) 2013-01-17
TW201328796A (en) 2013-07-16
TWI495520B (en) 2015-08-11
JP2013017926A (en) 2013-01-31
CN103561878B (en) 2015-11-25
CN103561878A (en) 2014-02-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP4330488B2 (en) Heat treatment equipment using superheated steam
US8365433B2 (en) Apparatus and method for treating organic waste and organic material obtained by the treatment method
JP5632504B2 (en) Carbonization apparatus and carbonization method
US7762713B2 (en) Food waste disposal system
ES2605749T3 (en) Apparatus for heat treatment of organic materials and associated method
US7011260B2 (en) Raw garbage treatment apparatus and a cutter thereof
CN203725476U (en) Innocent treatment equipment for animal carcasses
KR101271018B1 (en) Fast drying and fast drying sludge in the cooling unit and dryer
JP2005325156A5 (en)
KR100492156B1 (en) An apparatus for drying high-moisture containing organic waste
KR20160018281A (en) Multi layer high temperature pyrolysis incineration apparatus
KR960011172B1 (en) Method for converting organic substance with high water content into compost and apparatus therefor
CN102030569A (en) Fermenting and drying treatment device for organic wastes
FR2913237A1 (en) Device for eliminating food waste containing large quantity of vegetable and animal fibrous material, proteins, carbohydrate and calcium, comprises mixing basin, rotating shaft, hot water tank, spraying device, and perforated plate
BRPI0708723A2 (en) waste treatment instrument and method
KR20060031184A (en) Garbage disposer
KR101328070B1 (en) movable-type treating apparatus of dead livestock
KR101112429B1 (en) Facility and method for treatment of sludge
KR20050024478A (en) Food garbage disposer comprising reactor, condenser, deodorization machine, blower and automatic drain pipe to dispose food garbage more hygienically and promptly
JP2005238120A (en) Vacuum drying/carbonization device
KR101359897B1 (en) Manufacturing method of the organic fertilizer using feces as a raw material
KR100772428B1 (en) Apparatus for disposing of food waste
KR200450798Y1 (en) Apparatus for disposing of food waste
KR101067012B1 (en) Movable-type treating apparatus of dead livestock
WO2005044756A1 (en) Method of composting organic waste and apparatus therefor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20130509

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20140624

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20140811

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20140902

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20140925

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 5630714

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250