Diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experiment medicine waste
The invention belongs to the technical field of structures of pharmaceutical waste residue treatment devices, and particularly relates to diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experimental pharmaceutical waste.
The chemical medicine is a raw material medicine and a preparation thereof prepared by a synthesis or semi-synthesis method, a new effective monomer and a preparation thereof extracted from natural substances or extracted by fermentation, an optical isomer and a preparation thereof in the known medicine prepared by a resolution or synthesis method and the like, and a large amount of medicine residues, such as traditional Chinese medicine residues and the like, are left after the medicine preparation is finished in a chemical medicine laboratory by using the principle, and are mixed with the chemical preparation in the test process, so that the chemical medicine residues are directly thrown away and pollute the environment, and the existing medicine treatment equipment is often required to treat the medicine residues.
Based on the above description of the chemical residue treatment mode and the combination with the treatment equipment in the prior art, the existing treatment device is either a crushing treatment mode, a combustion type treatment mode or a combination of two functions, and the devices with the structures can not be flexible and practical according to actual conditions, particularly, some drug residues which do not need to be combusted are required to be recycled, and smoke generated after combustion is mainly treated by adopting an air device in a matching way, so that the occupied area is large, the installation of an air filtering device is complicated in circuit connection, and the generated noise is large when a mechanism operates.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experimental drug wastes, which aims to solve the problems that the existing drug residue treatment device cannot be flexible and practical according to actual conditions, particularly, some drug residues which do not need to be combusted are required to be recycled, smoke generated after combustion is mostly treated by matching with an air device, the occupied area is large, the installation of the air filter device is complicated in circuit connection, and the noise generated when a mechanism operates and works is large.
The invention relates to a purpose and an effect of diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experimental drug wastes, which are achieved by the following specific technical means:
a chemical experiment medicine waste diversified water-sinking type treatment device comprises an underframe, a filling opening, a crushing cabin, a discharge opening, a slot, a shunting hole, a combustion cabin, a crushing roller, a discharging pipe, a fan, a first air guide pipe, a sealing plate, a guide plate, a limiting plate, a second air guide pipe, a gas sinking cabin, a water filling opening, a viewing window, a baffle plate, an air outlet and a combustion plate; the bottom frame is a welded rectangular welding frame part mechanism, the top surface of the bottom frame is provided with a crushing cabin in a supporting way, and a compression roller type crushing roller set is arranged in the crushing cabin; the top surface of the crushing cabin is provided with a filling opening which is of an integral cabin cavity structure, and a sealing plate is inserted on the filling opening in a sliding way in a way of opening a guide groove and installing a guide plate; an air outlet of a through hole structure is formed in the middle of an inner cavity of the filling opening, a first air guide pipe is matched with the air outlet in a penetrating mode, and a small fan is arranged on the first air guide pipe in a pipe orifice connecting mode; the combustion cabin is positioned at the bottom side of the underframe, a combustion plate electrically connected with an external electric control plate is arranged in an inner cavity of the combustion cabin, and the electric control plate is also electrically connected with the fan in a control way; the air settling chamber is installed on a bottom transverse supporting rod of the bottom frame through bolts, the air settling chamber is of a chamber structure, a water injection port is installed on the top surface of the air settling chamber, and a water outlet with a valve is installed at the bottom of the air settling chamber.
Further: the discharge port is arranged in a downward inclined mode, a flow distribution hole with a circular hole structure is formed in the bottom surface of an inner cavity of the discharge port, and the flow distribution hole is connected with the blanking pipe at the bottom in a matched mode.
Further: the inclined discharging surface of the discharging port is further provided with a left slot and a right slot, and a shielding plate is inserted and assembled in the slots.
Further: the sealing plate is a rectangular plate-shaped structure with a pulling plate structure at one end, a limiting plate is arranged on one side of the top surface of the sealing plate, and the sealing plate is matched with the top side of the filling opening in a sliding fit mode.
Further: the top surface of the combustion cabin is in through connection with the bottom end of the blanking pipe, and a combustion plate arranged in the combustion cabin is arranged in a right-downward inclined mode.
Further: a row of second air guide pipes penetrate through the lower position of the right end face of the combustion cabin in a right-downward inclined mode, and the second air guide pipes are communicated with the air sinking cabin arranged on the right side.
Further: the bottom end of the first air guide pipe is matched with the top surface of the air sinking cabin in a penetrating way.
Further: the gas sinking cabin is of an L-shaped cabin cavity structure, and a viewing window is arranged on the right end face of the gas sinking cabin.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the device is of a composite structure, and functional addition is carried out on the basis of the existing integrated equipment with a crushing and combustion structure, so that the device has better flexibility and practicability, and is mainly embodied in the following aspects:
the feeding port of the device and the combustion chamber at the bottom side are both connected with an exhaust pipeline, and when the medicine residue feeding is crushed, the generated harmful gas is transmitted to the water settling chamber at the bottom side through the air pipe by the small-sized fan at the top, so that the harmful gas is precipitated in water. The combustion chamber of device is connected with the submerged tank through a row of pipeline, just makes the harmful gas that forms after the burning and cigarette ash residue flow into the submerged tank in, and the material that has gas in above-mentioned two aspects all gets into a submerged tank and deposits the processing, and water can use repeatedly, so the energy saving replaces current processing mode that utilizes air treatment plant to gaseous impurity, practices thrift the cost.
Structural improvement has been carried out to the discharge gate of device, circular small opening has been seted up to the intermediate position of discharge gate bottom plate, and install the shielding plate that can demolish through spout sliding fit's mode in the discharge gate position, the small opening passes through the pipe connection with the bottom combustion chamber, consequently medicine residue after smashing if need recycle once more, then can be when the ejection of compact, keep off the baffle on the unloading hole, make the residue normally collect, and if need carry out the complete destructive processing to the residue, then pull out the baffle, block the processing back in the baffle front side, make the residue fall the burning under-deck of bottom side through the small opening and handle, consequently, rational design has been carried out on nimble practicality, the structure can be better nimble polytropy use.
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the rotary structure of the present invention from fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of part a of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the discharge hole of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a slot structure at a discharge port B part of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the air detritus chamber of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the pulverizing roller and closure plate of the present invention.
In the drawings, the corresponding relationship between the component names and the reference numbers is as follows:
the device comprises an underframe-1, a filling port-2, a crushing cabin-3, a discharge port-4, a slot-401, a shunt hole-402, a combustion cabin-5, a crushing roller-6, a discharge pipe-7, a fan-8, a first air guide pipe-9, a sealing plate-10, a guide plate-11, a limiting plate-12, a second air guide pipe-13, an air settling cabin-14, a water injection port-15, a viewing window-16, a baffle-17, an air outlet-18 and a combustion plate-19.
The embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "head", "tail", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
as shown in figures 1 to 8:
the invention provides diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experimental drug wastes, which comprises: the device comprises an underframe 1, a filling port 2, a crushing cabin 3, a discharge port 4, a slot 401, a diversion hole 402, a combustion cabin 5, a crushing roller 6, a blanking pipe 7, a fan 8, a first air duct 9, a sealing plate 10, a guide plate 11, a limiting plate 12, a second air duct 13, an air settling cabin 14, a water filling port 15, a viewing window 16, a baffle plate 17, an air outlet 18 and a combustion plate 19; the bottom frame 1 is a welded rectangular welding frame member mechanism, the top surface of the bottom frame is provided with a crushing cabin 3 in a supporting mode, and a compression roller type crushing roller 6 group is arranged in the crushing cabin 3; the top surface of the crushing cabin 3 is provided with a filling opening 2 which is of an integral cabin cavity structure, and a sealing plate 10 is inserted on the filling opening 2 in a sliding way in a way of opening a guide groove and installing a guide plate 11; an air outlet 18 with a through hole structure is formed in the middle of the inner cavity of the filling opening 2, a first air guide pipe 9 penetrates through and is matched with the air outlet 18, and a small fan 8 is arranged on the first air guide pipe 9 in a pipe orifice connecting mode; the combustion chamber 5 is positioned at the bottom side of the underframe 1, a combustion plate 19 electrically connected with an external electric control plate is arranged in the inner cavity of the combustion chamber, and the electric control plate is also electrically controlled and connected with the fan 8; the air settling chamber 14 is mounted on a transverse supporting rod at the bottom of the underframe 1 through bolts, the air settling chamber 14 is of a chamber structure, the top surface of the air settling chamber is provided with a water injection port 15, and the bottom of the air settling chamber is provided with a water outlet with a valve.
Wherein: the discharge port 4 is arranged in a downward inclined mode, the bottom surface of the inner cavity of the discharge port is provided with a shunting hole 402 with a circular hole structure, and the shunting hole 402 is matched and connected with the blanking pipe 7 at the bottom, so that the discharge port 4 is not a simple unidirectional discharge port structure any more, and can also discharge materials vertically and directly downwards through the shunting hole 402.
Wherein: two slots 401 about still having seted up on the slope play charge level of discharge gate 4, and it has a shielding plate 17 to insert the assembly in slot 401, this shielding plate 17 is used for sheltering from the diffluence pass 402 of bottom, when shielding plate 17 inserts on discharge gate 4, discharge gate 4 outwards ejection of compact according to normal condition, use when being used for the residue after smashing to retrieve once more, and need not retrieve once more to the residue after smashing, demolish shielding plate 17, keep off other objects in discharge gate 4 front side, make the residue flow into in the combustion chamber 5 of bottom side through diffluence pass 402 and continue destructive processing.
Wherein: shrouding 10 is the rectangle platelike structure that one end has the arm-tie structure, and its top surface one side is equipped with limiting plate 12, and through the cooperation of sliding fit's mode in the top side position of filler mouth 2, that is to say, the pan feeding mouth of this structure has a shutoff structure for the harmful gas who produces when smashing seals the processing, that is to say, when the residue drops into smashing, blocks up shrouding 10.
Wherein: the top surface of the combustion chamber 5 is connected with the bottom end of the blanking pipe 7 in a penetrating way, and a combustion plate 19 arranged in the combustion chamber 5 is arranged in a downward inclined way so that ash slag formed after gas and residue are combusted can enter the gas sinking chamber 14 through the second air guide pipe 13 rightwards.
Wherein: a row of second air guide pipes 13 penetrate through the lower position of the right end face of the combustion cabin 5 in a mode of inclining downwards and rightwards, and the second air guide pipes 13 are communicated with an air settling cabin 14 arranged on the right side, so that gas generated in the combustion cabin 5 and ash slag generated after residue combustion enter the air settling cabin 14 for water settling treatment.
Wherein: the bottom end of the first air duct 9 is fitted on the top surface of the air settling chamber 14, and when the crushing roller 6 shown in fig. 8 crushes the charged residues, the generated gas can be isolated by the sealing plate 10, so that the gas enters the first air duct 9 through the air outlet 18 shown in fig. 1, and finally enters the air settling chamber 14 at the bottom side through the first air duct 9 for water settling treatment.
Wherein: the gas settling tank 14 is of an L-shaped tank cavity structure, a viewing window 16 is arranged on the right end face of the gas settling tank, and the window is used for facilitating staff to view the quality of the water body in the gas settling tank 14 on the outer side and facilitating the regular replacement reference of the water body in the gas settling tank (14).
When in use: as shown in fig. 1, a sealing plate 10 is pulled out from a filling opening 2, the medicine residue to be treated is put into the device, the residue is processed by fine grain and pulverization under the hinge action of a pulverizing roller 6 in the prior art, if the pulverized medicine residue needs to be recycled, a shielding plate 17 is inserted into a slot 401 arranged on a discharge opening 4, a diversion hole 402 arranged at the middle position of the discharge opening 4 is shielded, the pulverized residue is normally discharged and recycled, if the pulverized medicine residue does not need to be recycled, and when the direct destructive treatment is carried out, the shielding plate 17 is detached from the discharge opening 4, other limiting plates are blocked at the front side of the discharge opening 4, the residue flows into a combustion chamber 5 at the bottom side through the diversion hole 402 to carry out the destructive treatment, so that the flexible variability of the discharge opening part is shown, a row of second air guide pipes 13 is penetrated through the lower right end surface of the combustion chamber 5, and these second air ducts 13 are communicated with the right-side installed air-sinking chamber 14, so that the gas and the ash slag generated after the combustion of the residue in the combustion chamber 5 enter the air-sinking chamber 14 for sinking treatment, the bottom end of the first air duct 9 is penetrated and matched on the top surface of the air-sinking chamber 14, when the crushing roller 6 shown in fig. 8 crushes the input residue, the generated gas can be isolated by the sealing plate 10, so that the gas enters the first air duct 9 through the air outlet 18 shown in fig. 1, and finally enters the bottom-side air-sinking chamber 14 for sinking treatment through the first air duct 9, the above two gas substances enter one water-sinking chamber for precipitation treatment, and the water can be used repeatedly, so that the energy is saved, the existing treatment mode of utilizing the air treatment device to treat the impurity gas is replaced, and the cost is saved.
The embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description, and are not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the invention in the form disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.