CN106311716A - Garbage treatment machine - Google Patents

Garbage treatment machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106311716A
CN106311716A CN201610634107.0A CN201610634107A CN106311716A CN 106311716 A CN106311716 A CN 106311716A CN 201610634107 A CN201610634107 A CN 201610634107A CN 106311716 A CN106311716 A CN 106311716A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
sewage
main
ashes
garbage
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610634107.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN106311716B (en
Inventor
奚正文
Original Assignee
奚正文
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Priority to CN201610634107.0A priority Critical patent/CN106311716B/en
Publication of CN106311716A publication Critical patent/CN106311716A/en
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Publication of CN106311716B publication Critical patent/CN106311716B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0058Removing gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans, cooling systems of refrigerators ; Removing gases from discarded plastic foam products
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0083Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless by means of a thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers

Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage treatment machine. The garbage treatment machine comprises a garbage storage barrel, a crushing filter, a dehydration barrel, a combustion chamber, a granulator and a collecting barrel connected in sequence through pipes, wherein garbage in the garbage storage barrel can be pumped into the crushing filer for crushing and filtering; the crushed particles in the crushing filter can be pumped into the dehydration barrel for dehydration; the dehydrated garbage particles in the dehydration barrel can be compressed into the combustion chamber for drying and combustion; the combusted garbage ash in the combustion chamber can be compressed and conveyed into the granulator for granulation; ash potassium particles in the granulator can be conveyed into the collecting barrel for storage; and in addition, the combustion chamber is connected with an aeration mechanism, an ignition mechanism and a smoke extracting mechanism. The garbage treatment machine can convert the garbage to fertilizers under the condition of low energy consumption.

Description

Garbage disposer
Technical field
The present invention relates to refuse treatment plant, in particular it relates to a kind of garbage disposer.
Background technology
Along with the development in city and improving constantly of living standards of the people, people are to healthy, the consciousness of life environmental protection Day by day strengthen, thirst for having a health, cleaning, environmental protection, comfortable family life environment.But the life rubbish grown with each passing day, Be increasingly becoming a heavy burden of modern society and family, and household garbage deal with improperly especially can to environment, Even infect disease.
It addition, implementing along with the strategy of sustainable development, in order to improve the sustainable development of society, generally require refuse Conscientious recycling, but existing trash processing way tends not to meet the effect that garbage reclamation utilizes.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of garbage disposer, by closing burning disposal rubbish, can safe utilization energy Source is avoided that again dirty and messy smoked smelly, additionally it is possible to cut off the root of pest and disease damage breeding;Solve size all kinds of domestic bird and livestock-raising factory, life Community, country house garbage disposal;And the rubbish ashes processed make granulated fertilizer, odorless is pollution-free without pest and disease damage, it is easy to native Earth absorbs and stores carrying;Garbage disposer automatically and Artificial Control can move use, or be installed on underground on ground Upper collection ash particles, and power consumption is little.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of garbage disposer, including the rubbish being sequentially connected with by pipeline Rubbish storage barrel, pulverizing filter, dehydration barrel, combustor, pellet fabrication device and collecting vessel;Wherein, the rubbish in rubbish storage bucket can Pulverize and filter in being evacuated to pulverize filter, pulverize in the pulverized particles in filter can be evacuated to dehydration barrel and take off Water, the granulated garbage after being dehydrated in dehydration barrel carries out drying, burning in can being compressed to combustor, the rubbish after burning Indoor Combustion Rubbish ashes can compress and be delivered in pellet fabrication device pelletize, and the grey k particle in pellet fabrication device can be delivered in collecting vessel carry out Preserve;It addition, combustor is also associated with oxygen-enriching mechanism, ignition mechanism and smoking mechanism.
According to technique scheme, first rubbish be placed in rubbish storage bucket by the garbage disposer that the present invention provides, and connects In being evacuated to pulverize filter by rubbish by power set and pulverize and filter, the rubbish powder after then pulverizing is placed in It is dehydrated in dehydration barrel, and then the rubbish after dehydration is placed in combustor and burns, then will burning by pellet fabrication device Grain makes graininess, and final granular fertilizer is transported to collecting vessel and is collected and stores.By above-mentioned garbage disposal Device only need to consume relatively low energy consumption just can make ash potassic fertilizer by rubbish, is so possible not only to avoid rubbish to environment With the generation of the situation growing mosquito, rubbish can also be made fertilizer simultaneously, and then achieve the cycling and reutilization of rubbish.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in detail in detailed description of the invention part subsequently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes the part of description, with following tool Body embodiment is used for explaining the present invention together, but is not intended that limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the preferred implementation of the garbage disposer that the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of rubbish storage bucket in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of oxygen-enriching mechanism in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view pulverizing filter in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is main filter vat and the sectional view of pulverizer in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of dehydration barrel in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of current deflecting valve in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the sectional view of main cylinder in Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is the schematic enlarged-scale view one of combustor in Fig. 1;
Figure 10 is the schematic enlarged-scale view two of combustor in Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of steam generator in Fig. 9;
Figure 12 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of garbage drier structure in Fig. 9;
Figure 13 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of main body of burning in Fig. 9;
Figure 14 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of combustion mechanism in Fig. 9;
Figure 15 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in infundibulate storehouse in Fig. 9;
Figure 16 is pellet fabrication device and the combinative structure enlarged drawing of collecting vessel in Fig. 1;
Figure 17 Fig. 1 smokes the schematic enlarged-scale view of mechanism;
The schematic enlarged-scale view of ignition mechanism in Figure 18 Fig. 1;
The schematic enlarged-scale view of charger in Figure 19 Fig. 1.
Description of reference numerals
1, combustor 2, rubbish storage bucket
3, collecting vessel 4, steam generator
5, pellet fabrication device 6, smoking mechanism
7, charger 8, pulverizing filter
9, controller 10, main dehydration barrel
11, secondary dehydration barrel 12, ignition mechanism
13, oxygen-enriching mechanism 32, sewage input hole
33, valve body 37, sewage delivery outlet
40, releasing pressure automatically valve 41, sewage input valve
42, dehydration rubbish input valve 43, rubbish input port
46, throat 47, sewage dry plate
48, sewage water flow pipes 50, ashes shovel board
51, ashes shovel board conflict switch 52, sewage shovel board touch switch
53, compression motor 54, ashes shovel motor
55, infundibulate storehouse 57, sewage drive sprocket
58, sewage driving-chain 59, sewage shovel motor
60, rubbish drive sprocket 61, rubbish driving-chain
62, garbage shovel board motor 63, sewage shovel board
65, rubbish shovel board 66, rubbish dry plate
73, rubbish shovel board touch switch 77, air gauge
81, ashes compression hinge rolling 82, returning face plate
83, burning backing plate 84, ashes drive screw
88, ashes transmission driving-chain 89, ashes drive sprocket
100, burning main body 200, staving
201, sensor 202, electromagnetic valve
203, garbage inlet 204, draw-off pump
205, cleaning mouth 206, conveying pipe
301, ash particles delivery outlet 302, ground conveying pipe
401, steam storage barrel 402, electric heating tube
404, water intaking valve 405, steam valve
406, pressure relief valve 407, combustor add heat pipe
408, heat build-up energy iron plate 409, steam pressure gauge
502, ashes input port 503, conveying motor
504, granulation motor 601, time smoke pipe
602, water spray electromagnetic valve 603, smoking motor
604, chimney 605, storage tank
707, output electric wire 708, steam connection
801, secondary filter vat 802, main filter vat
803, pulverizer 804, garbage outlet
805, outlet of sewer 806, pulverizing motor
807, feeding mouth 808, connecting tube
809, compression hinge rolling 810, hinge rolling support
811, crushing vane 812, housing
1000, the input of main rubbish electromagnetic valve 1001, main operating compression motor
1002, relief hole 1003, current deflecting valve are rotated
1004, main casing 1005, main inner bag
1006, main rubbish output solenoid valve door 1007, main sewage output solenoid valve door
1008, main compression hinge rolling 1009, main support
1101, secondary sewage input electromagnetic valve 1102, secondary operating compression motor
1103, secondary sewage output solenoid valve door 1104, secondary rubbish output solenoid valve door
1105, assistant support 1300, aerator
1301, deep bead 1302, air outlet
6202, baffle plate 6203, drive screw are halted
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described in detail.It should be appreciated that this place is retouched The detailed description of the invention stated is merely to illustrate and explains the present invention, is not limited to the present invention.
In the present invention, in the case of illustrating on the contrary, " up, down, top, bottom, left, right " etc. is included in term The noun of locality only represents this term orientation under normal service condition, or for being commonly called as of skilled artisan understands that, and should It is considered as the restriction to this term.
The invention provides a kind of garbage disposer, as it is shown in figure 1, include the rubbish storage bucket being sequentially connected with by pipeline 2, filter 8, dehydration barrel, combustor 1, pellet fabrication device 5 and collecting vessel 3 are pulverized;Wherein, the rubbish in rubbish storage bucket 2 can be taken out Pulverize and filter in pulverizing filter 8, pulverize in the pulverized particles in filter 8 can be evacuated to dehydration barrel and take off Water, the granulated garbage after being dehydrated in dehydration barrel carries out drying, burning in can being compressed to combustor 1, in combustor 1 after burning Rubbish ashes can compress and be delivered in pellet fabrication device 5 pelletize, and the grey k particle in pellet fabrication device 5 can be delivered to collecting vessel 3 In preserve;It addition, combustor 1 is also associated with oxygen-enriching mechanism 13, ignition mechanism 12 and smoking mechanism 6.
First rubbish be placed in rubbish storage bucket 2 by above-mentioned garbage disposer, then passes through power set and is taken out by rubbish Pulverizing and filter in pulverizing filter 8, the rubbish powder after then pulverizing is dehydrated in being placed in dehydration barrel, and then After being transported to the rubbish after dehydration dry on combustor drying plate, it is placed in combustor and burns, then will by pellet fabrication device 5 Ashes after burning make granulated fertilizer.So it is possible not only to avoid rubbish to environment and the situation growing mosquito Occur, rubbish can also be made fertilizer simultaneously, and then achieve the cycling and reutilization of rubbish.
In the present invention, the concrete structure of rubbish storage bucket 2 can select in wide scope, but in order to improve rubbish Storage barrel 2 simple operation and be easy to control the capacity of the rubbish in rubbish storage bucket 2, it is preferable that as in figure 2 it is shown, rubbish Storage barrel 2 includes that staving 200, the top of staving 200 are provided with garbage inlet 203 and draw-off pump 204;Draw-off pump 204 can It is sent to pulverize filter 8 by rubbish by conveying pipe 206, the electromagnetic valve 202 of draw-off pump 204 is provided with sensor 201, Sensor 201 can gather the position signalling of rubbish in staving 200 and transmit position signalling to controller, and controller can root Unlatching and the Guan Bi of electromagnetic valve 202 is controlled according to position signalling;The bottom of the sidewall of staving 200 is provided with cleaning mouth 205.So Just what can determine by sensor 201, electromagnetic valve 202 and controller according to storage capacity concrete in rubbish storage bucket 2 Time by rubbish storage bucket 2 rubbish extract to pulverize filter 8 carry out pulverize filter.
In the present embodiment, it is contemplated that combustor 1 needs enough air to realize the abundant burning of rubbish, simultaneously Stability in view of oxygen-enriching mechanism 13 oxygen supply, it is preferable that as it is shown on figure 3, oxygen-enriching mechanism 13 includes aerator 1300, deep bead 1301 and air outlet 1302, aerator 1300 is installed on the sidewall of combustor 1 by deep bead 1301 and is passed through air outlet 1302 provide oxygen in combustor 1.Thus, aerator 1300, deep bead 1301 and air outlet 1302 can just be passed through to combustion Burn the oxygen providing enough in room 1 stably, constantly.
Meanwhile, in the above-described embodiment, the concrete structure pulverizing filter 8 can also select in wide scope, but It is to filter, in order to improve, the effect pulverized, it is preferable that as illustrated in figures 4-5, pulverize the main mistake that filter 8 includes from top to bottom arranging Lauter tub 802 and secondary filter vat 801, the end of main filter vat 802 is provided with pulverizer 803, the top of pulverizer 803 be provided with into Material mouth 807 and connection have pulverizing motor 806;Hinged rolling support 810 is set in the housing 812 of main filter vat 802 to install compression Hinge rolling 809, hinge rolling support 810 is provided with current deflecting valve 800, in the end of hinge rolling support 810 extends to pulverizer 803 and End is provided with crushing vane 811, and the end of housing 812 is provided with garbage outlet 804 with outlet of sewer 805 to pass through connecting tube 808 are connected with secondary filter vat 801;Wherein, rubbish can enter in pulverizer 803 by feeding mouth 807, pulverizes motor 806 Compression hinge rolling 809 rotation can be driven to carry out primary cleaning in being delivered to housing 812 with the rubbish after grinding up the refuse and pulverizing Filter, primary clean after rubbish can pass through garbage outlet 804, outlet of sewer 805, connecting tube 808 enter pair filter vat 801 Inside carrying out secondary cleaning filtration, the rubbish after secondary cleaning filtration is dehydrated in can entering dehydration barrel.Above-mentioned pulverizing is filtered Device 8 mainly realizes pulverizing and the primary filter of rubbish by main filter vat 802 and secondary filter vat 801, and after pulverizing Garbage-compressing is dehydrated to dehydration barrel;Meanwhile, this pulverizing filter 8 is prevented from sewage to main filter vat 802 and secondary mistake The blocking of lauter tub 801, and then it is effectively prevented sewage blocking, the generation of smelly phenomenon.
Additionally, in the present invention, the concrete structure of dehydration barrel can also select in wide scope, but de-in order to improve Water effect, it is preferable that as shown in figs 6-8, dehydration barrel includes main dehydration barrel 10 and the pair dehydration barrel 11 being sequentially communicated;Main dehydration barrel 10 are fixed on main support 1009;Main dehydration barrel 10 includes main casing 1004 and is positioned at the main inner bag of main casing 1004 1005, it is provided with main compression hinge rolling 1008 in main inner bag 1005, the sidewall of main inner bag 1005 is provided with current deflecting valve 1003, The top of main casing 1004 is provided with main operating compression motor 1001, rotates relief hole 1002 and main rubbish input electromagnetic valve 1000, the bottom of the sidewall of main casing 1004 is provided with main rubbish output solenoid valve door 1006 and main sewage output solenoid valve door 1007;Secondary dehydration barrel 11 is fixed on assistant support 1005;The top of secondary dehydration barrel 11 is provided with secondary operating compression motor 1102 He Secondary sewage input electromagnetic valve 1101, the bottom of the sidewall of secondary dehydration barrel 11 is provided with secondary rubbish output solenoid valve door 1104 and pair Sewage output solenoid valve door 1103;Current deflecting valve 1003 is column structure, column structure be internally provided with valve body 33 and post The middle part at the two ends of shape structure is respectively arranged with sewage input hole 32 and sewage delivery outlet 37.This dehydration barrel is by main dehydration barrel 10 Sloughing the moisture of rubbish, secondary dehydration barrel 11 sloughs the rubbish suspended in sewage, fully will by current deflecting valve 1003 simultaneously Sewage discharge, and then enable to dehydration after rubbish can be sent in time combustor 1 burns.
Additionally, in the present invention, the concrete structure of combustor 1 can select in wide scope, but so that combustion The rubbish burnt in room 1 can burn fully, it is preferable that as shown in Fig. 9-15, and combustor 1 connects steam generator 4, steam Generator 4 includes steam storage barrel 401, and steam storage barrel 401 can be intake by water intaking valve 404 and can be passed through electric heating tube 402 heat;The external connection combuster heating pipe 407 of steam storage barrel 401 and combustor add heat pipe 407 and are positioned at burning The inside of room 1, combustor adds heat pipe 407 and is additionally provided with heat build-up energy iron plate 408;It is additionally provided with on the top of steam storage barrel 401 Steam valve 405, pressure relief valve 406 and steam pressure gauge 409;
Combustor 1 includes shell, and the top of shell is provided with air gauge 77, releasing pressure automatically valve 40 and throat 46;Combustion Burn room 1 and be disposed with sewage drying mechanism, garbage drier structure and combustion mechanism from top to bottom;
Sewage drying mechanism includes that sewage input valve 41 and multilamellar sewage dry plate 47, and multilamellar sewage is dried plate 47 and passed through Sewage drive sprocket 57 and sewage driving-chain 58 are attached, and sewage input valve 41 is arranged at the outside of shell and dries with sewage Being connected of sewage water flow pipes 48 on dry plate 47, before and after sewage drying plate 47, the top at two ends is provided with the shake-up of sewage shovel board It is provided with sewage shovel board 63 between switch 52 and two sewage shovel board touch switch 52, in sewage driving-chain 58, is provided with sewage shovel Board motor 59 moves to root out dirt along the rectilinear direction of two sewage shovel board touch switch 52 can drive sewage shovel board 63 Water precipitation;
Garbage drier structure includes being dehydrated rubbish input valve 42 and multilamellar rubbish dries plate 66, and multilamellar rubbish dries plate 66 Be attached by rubbish drive sprocket 60 and rubbish driving-chain 61, dehydration rubbish input valve 42 be arranged at the outside of shell with Drying plate 66 conveying dehydration rubbish by rubbish input port 43 to rubbish, rubbish is dried the top of plate 66 rear and front end and is provided with rubbish It is provided with rubbish shovel board 65 between rubbish shovel board touch switch 73 and two rubbish shovel board touch switch 73, sets in rubbish driving-chain 61 It is equipped with garbage shovel board motor 62 rubbish driving-chain 61, the rotation of rubbish drive sprocket 60, and, the end of garbage shovel board motor 62 Connecting has drive screw 6203 and rubbish shovel board 65 to be arranged on drive screw 6203, and the other end of drive screw 6203 is arranged Halt baffle plate 6202;Rubbish shovel board 65 can be at two rubbish shovel board touch switch 73 under the driving of garbage shovel board motor 62 Between move back and forth the rubbish after rooting out drying;
Combustion mechanism includes that main body 100 of burning, the top of burning main body 100 are provided with burning backing plate 83, and burn backing plate 83 Top before and after two ends be provided with ashes shovel board conflict switch 51, the two ends, left and right at the top of burning backing plate 83 are provided with two Ashes drive screw 84, two ashes drive screws 84 are connected by ashes transmission driving-chain 88, ashes transmission driving-chain 88 Inside being provided with ashes drive sprocket 89 and ashes shovel motor 54, two ashes drive screws 84 are provided with ashes shovel board 50, ash Cinder shovel motor 54 can drive ashes shovel board 50 to conflict along the length direction of ashes drive screw 84 two ashes shovel boards Move back and forth between switch 51;One end concave downward of burning main body 100 is formed with infundibulate storehouse 55 and collecting bin 85, infundibulate Being provided with returning face plate 82 on the ashes entrance 87 at the top in storehouse 55, the lower section of returning face plate 82 is provided with upset motor 80 controlling The unlatching of returning face plate 82 processed and Guan Bi;The length direction of collecting bin 85 is perpendicular with infundibulate storehouse 55, is provided with in collecting bin 85 Ashes ashes compression hinge rolling 81 and ashes compression hinge rolling 81 extend to the outside of burning main body 100 so that end is provided with compression Motor 53.
Sewage is dried by above-mentioned combustor 1 by sewage drying mechanism, utilizes garbage drier structure to rubbish simultaneously Drying, it is enterprising that the solids after then drying in sewage drying mechanism, garbage drier structure is delivered to burning backing plate 83 Row burning, then by ashes shovel board 50 by ash collecting to infundibulate storehouse 55, finally by the rolling 81 of ashes compression hinge by ash Cinder is sent in pellet fabrication device 5 pelletize.
In the present invention, the concrete structure of pellet fabrication device 5 can also select in wide scope, but for the ease of ashes Pelletizing, it is preferable that as shown in figure 16, pellet fabrication device 5 includes main body, main body is connected with collecting vessel 3 by conveying pipe 303, main body On be provided with ashes input port 502, granulation motor 504 and conveying motor 503 and conveying motor 503 can be by granulation motor 504 The ash particles made is delivered in collecting vessel 3;It is provided with ash particles delivery outlet 301 on the sidewall of collecting vessel 3 and top connects It is connected with ground conveying pipe 302.Thus, just can realize the quick granulation to ashes by granulation motor 504, can pass through simultaneously Ashes can be sent to collecting vessel 3 with reading soon and store by conveying motor 503.
It addition, in the present invention, the concrete structure of smoking mechanism 6 can select in wide scope, but improve and smoke Effect, it is preferable that as shown in figure 17, smoking mechanism 6 includes storage tank 605 and the chimney set gradually from bottom to top Smoke pipe 601 it is provided with back between 604, and the top of storage tank 605 and combustor 1;Return and be provided with smoking motor on smoke pipe 601 603 and water spray electromagnetic valve 602.In this smoking mechanism 6, storage tank 605, water spray electromagnetic valve 602 can play smog The effect of sedimentation, return the abundant journey that cigarette can be sent in combustor 1 carry out second-time burning to improve burning by smoke pipe 601 Degree.
In the present invention, the concrete structure of ignition mechanism 12 can also select in wide scope, but in order to further Improve the accuracy of igniting, it is preferable that as shown in figure 18, ignition mechanism 12 includes electronic ignition rod 1202, electronic ignition rod The bottom of 1202 is provided with fire rod lifting motor 1201, and the top of electronic ignition rod 1202 is provided with fuel gas oil pipe 1203.? The rubbish of differing heights can be lighted a fire by this ignition mechanism 12 by fire rod lifting motor 1201, thus combustor 1 The degree of the burning of middle rubbish.
On the basis of the above, each electrical part of garbage disposer can pass through externally fed, but in order to improve energy Effective utilization in source, it is preferable that as shown in figure 19, garbage disposer also includes charger 7 and controller 9, and charger 7 is by steaming Vapour adapter 708 is connected with steam generator 4 to produce electric energy by steam, and charger 7 is also by output electric wire 707 and control Other electrical parts of device 9 and garbage disposer are connected to provide electric energy.In the present embodiment, steam connection is made full use of 708 steam produced generate electricity, and then the electric energy of acquisition is supplied to each electrical part of garbage disposer and uses, thus have Improve to effect the utilization rate of the energy.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail above in association with accompanying drawing, but, the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned reality Execute the detail in mode, in the technology concept of the present invention, technical scheme can be carried out multiple letter Monotropic type, these simple variant belong to protection scope of the present invention.
It is further to note that each the concrete technical characteristic described in above-mentioned detailed description of the invention, at not lance In the case of shield, can be combined by any suitable means, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention to various can The compound mode of energy illustrates the most separately.
Additionally, combination in any can also be carried out between the various different embodiment of the present invention, as long as it is without prejudice to this The thought of invention, it should be considered as content disclosed in this invention equally.

Claims (10)

1. a garbage disposer, it is characterised in that described garbage disposer includes the rubbish storage being sequentially connected with by pipeline Bucket (2), pulverizing filter (8), dehydration barrel, combustor (1), pellet fabrication device (5) and collecting vessel (3);Wherein, rubbish storage bucket (2) Interior rubbish is pulverized and is filtered in can being evacuated to described pulverizing filter (8), the pulverizing in described pulverizing filter (8) Grain is dehydrated in can being evacuated to described dehydration barrel, and in described dehydration barrel, the granulated garbage after dehydration can be compressed to described burning Carrying out in room (1) drying, burning, the rubbish ashes after burning in described combustor (1) can compress and be delivered to described pellet fabrication device (5) pelletizing in, the grey k particle in described pellet fabrication device (5) can be delivered in described collecting vessel (3) preserve;Separately Outward, described combustor (1) is also associated with oxygen-enriching mechanism (13), ignition mechanism (12) and smoking mechanism (6).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described rubbish storage bucket (2) includes staving (200), the top of described staving (200) is provided with garbage inlet (203) and draw-off pump (204);Described draw-off pump (204) energy Enough manage (206) by conveying and rubbish is sent to described pulverizing filter (8), the electromagnetic valve (202) of described draw-off pump (204) On be provided with sensor (201), described sensor (201) can gather described staving (200) interior rubbish position signalling and will Described position signalling transmits to controller, and described controller can control described electromagnetic valve (202) according to described position signalling Unlatching and Guan Bi;The bottom of the sidewall of described staving (200) is provided with cleaning mouth (205).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described oxygen-enriching mechanism (13) includes aerator (1300), deep bead (1301) and air outlet (1302), described aerator (1300) is installed by described deep bead (1301) In described combustor (1), oxygen is provided on the sidewall of described combustor (1) and by described air outlet (1302).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described pulverizing filter (8) include by upper and The main filter vat (802) of lower setting and secondary filter vat (801), the end of described main filter vat (802) is provided with pulverizer (803), the top of described pulverizer (803) is provided with feeding mouth (807) and connection has pulverizing motor (806);Described main filtration Hinged rolling support (810) is set in the housing (812) of bucket (802) and rolls (809) to install compression hinge, described hinge rolling support (810) On be provided with current deflecting valve (800), in the end of described hinge rolling support (810) extends to described pulverizer (803) and end Being provided with crushing vane (811), the end of described housing (812) is provided with garbage outlet (804) with outlet of sewer (805) with logical Cross connecting tube (808) to be connected with described secondary filter vat (801);
Wherein, rubbish can enter in described pulverizer (803) by described feeding mouth (807), described pulverizing motor (806) energy Enough drive described compression hinge rolling (809) to rotate and be delivered to described housing (812) with the rubbish after pulverizing described rubbish and pulverizing Inside carrying out primary and clean filtration, the rubbish after primary cleaning can pass through described garbage outlet (804), outlet of sewer (805), connect Adapter (808) carries out secondary cleaning filtration in entering described secondary filter vat (801), and the rubbish after secondary cleaning filters can enter It is dehydrated in dehydration barrel.
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described dehydration barrel includes the main dehydration being sequentially communicated Bucket (10) and secondary dehydration barrel (11);Described main dehydration barrel (10) is fixed on main support (1009);Described main dehydration barrel (10) is wrapped Include main casing (1004) and be positioned at the main inner bag (1005) of described main casing (1004), arranging in described main inner bag (1005) There is main compression hinge to roll (1008), the sidewall of described main inner bag (1005) is provided with current deflecting valve (1003), described main casing (1004) top is provided with main operating compression motor (1001), rotates relief hole (1002) and main rubbish input electromagnetic valve (1000), the bottom of the sidewall of described main casing (1004) is provided with main rubbish output solenoid valve door (1006) and the output of main sewage Electromagnetic valve (1007);
Described secondary dehydration barrel (11) is fixed on assistant support (1005);The top of described secondary dehydration barrel (11) is provided with secondary operating pressure Contracting motor (1102) and secondary sewage input electromagnetic valve (1101), the bottom of the sidewall of described secondary dehydration barrel (11) is provided with secondary rubbish Rubbish output solenoid valve door (1104) and secondary sewage output solenoid valve door (1103);
Described current deflecting valve (1003) is column structure, described column structure be internally provided with valve body (33) and described column The middle part at the two ends of structure is respectively arranged with sewage input hole (32) and sewage delivery outlet (37).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described combustor (1) connects steam generator (4), described steam generator (4) includes that steam storage barrel (401), described steam storage barrel (401) can pass through water intaking valve (404) water inlet and electric heating tube (402) can be passed through heat;Described steam storage barrel (401) be externally connected to burning Room adds heat pipe (407) and described combustor adds heat pipe (407) and is positioned at the inside of described combustor (1), and described combustor adds heat pipe (407) heat build-up energy iron plate (408) it is additionally provided with;It is additionally provided with steam valve on the top of described steam storage barrel (401) (405), pressure relief valve (406) and steam pressure gauge (409);
Described combustor (1) includes that shell, the top of described shell are provided with air gauge (77), releasing pressure automatically valve (40) and cigarette Chimney mouth (46);Described combustor (1) is disposed with sewage drying mechanism, garbage drier structure and combustion mechanism from top to bottom;
Described sewage drying mechanism includes that sewage input valve (41) and multilamellar sewage dry plate (47), and described multilamellar sewage is dried Plate (47) is attached by sewage drive sprocket (57) and sewage driving-chain (58), and described sewage input valve (41) is arranged at The outside of described shell and dry being connected of sewage water flow pipes (48) on plate (47) with described sewage, described sewage dries plate (47) before and after, the top at two ends is provided with between sewage shovel board touch switch (52) and two sewage shovel board touch switch (52) It is provided with sewage shovel board (63), is provided with sewage shovel motor (59) in described sewage driving-chain (58) so that described dirt can be driven Water shovel board (63) is moved along the rectilinear direction of two sewage shovel board touch switch (52) to root out settlement of sewage;
Described garbage drier structure includes being dehydrated rubbish input valve (42) and multilamellar rubbish dries plate (66), described multilamellar rubbish Dry plate (66) to be attached by rubbish drive sprocket (60) and rubbish driving-chain (61), described dehydration rubbish input valve (42) outside of described shell it is arranged to dry plate (66) conveying dehydration rubbish by rubbish input port (43) to described rubbish, Described rubbish is dried the top of plate (66) rear and front end and is provided with rubbish shovel board touch switch (73) and two rubbish shovel boards shake-up It is provided with rubbish shovel board (65) between switch (73), is provided with garbage shovel board motor (62) in described rubbish driving-chain (61) described Rubbish driving-chain (61), the rotation of rubbish drive sprocket (60), and, the end of described garbage shovel board motor (62) connects biography Dynamic screw rod (6203) and described rubbish shovel board (65) are arranged on described drive screw (6203), described drive screw (6203) It is provided with on the other end and halts baffle plate (6202);Described rubbish shovel board (65) can be in the driving of described garbage shovel board motor (62) Under between said two rubbish shovel board touch switch (73), move back and forth the rubbish after rooting out drying;
Described combustion mechanism includes main body (100) of burning, and the top of described burning main body (100) is provided with burning backing plate (83), Before and after the top of described burning backing plate (83), two ends are provided with ashes shovel board conflict switch (51), described burning backing plate (83) The two ends, left and right at top are provided with two ashes drive screws (84), and said two ashes drive screw (84) passes through ashes transmission Driving-chain (88) is connected, and is provided with ashes drive sprocket (89) and ashes shovel motor in described ashes transmission driving-chain (88) (54), said two ashes drive screw (84) is provided with ashes shovel board (50), and described ashes shovel motor (54) can drive Described ashes shovel board (50) switchs along the length direction of described ashes drive screw (84) in the conflict of said two ashes shovel board (51) move back and forth between;One end concave downward of described burning main body (100) is formed with infundibulate storehouse (55) and collecting bin (85), the ashes entrance (87) at the top of described infundibulate storehouse (55) is provided with returning face plate (82), described returning face plate (82) Lower section is provided with upset motor (80) can control unlatching and the Guan Bi of described returning face plate (82);The length of described collecting bin (85) Degree direction is perpendicular with described infundibulate storehouse (55), is provided with ashes ashes compression hinge and rolls (81) and institute in described collecting bin (85) State ashes compression hinge rolling (81) and extend to the outside of described burning main body (100) so that end is provided with compression motor (53).
7. according to the garbage disposer described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that described pellet fabrication device (5) includes main body, described Main body is connected with described collecting vessel (3) by conveying pipe (303), described main body is provided with ashes input port (502), pelletizes The ashes that described granulation motor (504) can be made by motor (504) and conveying motor (503) and described conveying motor (503) Granule is delivered in described collecting vessel (3);Ash particles delivery outlet (301) and top it is provided with on the sidewall of described collecting vessel (3) Portion is communicated with ground conveying pipe (302).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described smoking mechanism (6) includes depending on from bottom to top The storage tank (605) of secondary setting and chimney (604), and the top of described storage tank (605) and described combustor (1) it Between be provided with back smoke pipe (601);Smoking motor (603) and water spray electromagnetic valve (602) it is provided with on described time smoke pipe (601).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described ignition mechanism (12) includes electronic ignition rod (1202), the bottom of described electronic ignition rod (1202) is provided with fire rod lifting motor (1201), described electronic ignition rod (1202) top is provided with fuel gas oil pipe (1203).
Garbage disposer the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described garbage disposer also includes charger (7) With controller (9), described charger (7) is connected to pass through steam with described steam generator (4) by steam connection (708) Producing electric energy, described charger (7) is also by output electric wire (707) and controller (9) and other electrical equipment of garbage disposer Part is connected to provide electric energy.
CN201610634107.0A 2016-08-05 2016-08-05 Garbage disposer Active CN106311716B (en)

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