CN105127177A - Method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water and domestic garbage washing machine - Google Patents

Method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water and domestic garbage washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105127177A
CN105127177A CN201510545191.4A CN201510545191A CN105127177A CN 105127177 A CN105127177 A CN 105127177A CN 201510545191 A CN201510545191 A CN 201510545191A CN 105127177 A CN105127177 A CN 105127177A
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China
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washing
rubbish
rinsing maching
house refuse
refuse
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CN201510545191.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105127177B (en
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柳建国
柳思佳
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柳建国
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Publication of CN105127177B publication Critical patent/CN105127177B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a device for recycling domestic garbage. A method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water comprises the following steps: using a domestic garbage washing machine, using a mechanical stirring method by virtue of adoption of the principle of the washing machine, washing rot organic matters, waste paper, dust and coal slag in the domestic garbage, precipitating by virtue of a garbage precipitation tank, separating scraps of paper and plant waste which float on the surface of the garbage washing sewage of the precipitation tank, and recycling the dust and the coal slag precipitated at the bottom of the precipitation tank and the sludge in the washing sewage; sorting plastics and metals in the washed garbage, and recycling the plastics and the metals. A domestic garbage washing machine comprises a washing cylinder, wherein the washing cylinder comprises an outer cylinder and an inner cylinder; a spiral stirring device is arranged in the inner cylinder; the inner cylinder wall is connected with the outer cylinder; a screen hole is formed in the inner cylinder wall; a washing sewage outlet is formed in the bottom of the outer cylinder. According to the method and the device for recycling domestic garbage, the whole process of washing, separating and recycling the domestic garbage is free of pollution to the air, the underground water source and the surrounding environment; the garbage is treated and changed into the processed garbage, so that the domestic garbage creates great economical benefits and social wealth.

Description

House refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method and house refuse rinsing maching
Technical field
The present invention relates to one way of life process for treating garbage as resource, especially relate to one way of life rubbish washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, and realize the house refuse rinsing maching of the method.
Background technology
Domestic waste refers to town dweller's integrated solid discarded object in daily life, containing maybe producing harmful substance in these discarded objects, can pollute air, soil, water source in collection, transport and disposal process, have impact on urban environmental hygiene, threat people's is healthy simultaneously.Nowadays domestic waste pollutes the large public hazards having become society, becomes the environmental problem that countries in the world are outstanding.House refuse basic comprising can be divided into: can rotten organic matter, comprises that kitchen is remaining, plant refuse etc.; Recyclable (combustible organic), comprises plastics, waste paper etc.; Inorganic matter, comprises dirt, cinder etc.Urban, whole nation investigation display: be the material that in house refuse, content is maximum more than kitchen, account for 40% ~ 80%, mainly contain melon and fruit peel, rotten melon and fruit, dish leaf (root), meat and grain class etc.; Recyclable content is maximum is plastics, and average content is 8% ~ 9%, is secondly stationery, and average content is 5 ~ 6%; Inorganic matter accounts for 1 ~ 30%." whole nation big or middle MSW contaminated environment control annual report in 2014 " display that Environmental Protection Department is issued: it is 1.6 hundred million tons that the big or middle domestic waste in 261, the whole nation produces total amount; house refuse annual growth rate reaches more than 10%; the old rubbish heap storage in the whole nation has reached more than 70 hundred million tons; developed regions, east garbage loading embeading land used is day by day nervous, and the situation of " garbage-surrounded city " is more and more severeer.Domestic rubbish disposal mode has three kinds, and according to National urban Disposal of Domestic situation statistics in 2012, landfill disposal accounted for 82.7%, and burning disposal accounts for 15%, and compost treatment accounts for 2.3%.Landfill disposal: the rubbish of landfill remains a large amount of bacteriums, virus, lie dormant the hidden danger such as biogas, heavy metal pollution, its garbage leaching liquid also can ground contamination groundwater resources for a long time, and a large amount of land occupation resource is that pollution sources are retained to the dangerous way of descendants.Burning disposal: through the practice of upper a century, waste incineration fails to be accepted by the numerous common people always, its disadvantage show latency pollute heavier, cost is expensive, complicated operation and waste resource etc., although its pollution prevention technique is being improved day by day, but still immature so far, the inspection of theory and practice can't be withstood.Compost treatment: compost cost is high, refuse classification requires high, long processing period, and treating capacity is limited, the stink contaminated environment produced in processing procedure, and fertilizer quality difference can only be used for afforestation or improvement soil.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiency of current Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology, propose a kind of special equipment---the house refuse rinsing maching that one way of life rubbish is washed sorting recoverying and utilizing method and realized the method.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention:
One way of life rubbish washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, comprise rubbish washing assorting room and washing refuse classification process, described rubbish washing assorting room adopts house refuse rinsing maching, washing machine principle is utilized to take churned mechanically method, by in house refuse can rotten organic matter and waste paper and dirt, the washing such as cinder out, precipitate through rubbish sedimentation basin, sub-elect the paper scrap swimming in sedimentation basin rubbish wash water surface, plant refuse etc. and the dirt be deposited in bottom sedimentation basin, mud (organic matter) in cinder etc. and wash water is recycled, washing rubbish after house refuse washing carries out sorting again.
First the house refuse after broken bag is soaked in washings, then pick up and pour in rubbish rinsing maching, add washings washing 2 ~ 4 times, can flow out from rubbish rinsing maching together with wash water with dirt, cinder etc. by the easy broken thing such as rotten organic matter, waste paper in house refuse, enters rubbish sedimentation basin.
Described washing refuse classification process, is discharge through the washing washing rubbish rested in rubbish rinsing maching from rubbish rinsing maching, sub-elects the recycling such as plastics, metal, the landfills such as remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet after dehydration.
Described house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, also comprises paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, dirt and cinder dehydration, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wherein:
Paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration are pulled out the paper scrap swimming in rubbish sedimentation basin wash water surface, plant refuse etc., recycles after using dewater unit dehydration;
Dirt and cinder dehydration are pulled out the dirt be deposited in bottom rubbish sedimentation basin, cinder etc., recycles or fill out hole and pave the way, be used as refuse landfill overburden soil after natural-dehydration;
Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, mud (organic matter) in wash water, do fertilizer and sell through precipitation, dehydration, mummification moisture content 35 ~ 40%, or transport other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal.
A kind of house refuse rinsing maching realizing described house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, comprise frame, cylindric washer, described cylindric washer is arranged in frame by the bearing at its two ends, and described rinsing maching cylindric washer comprises urceolus and inner core, is provided with spiral agitator in described rinsing maching inner core, described spiral agitator is fixedly installed on axis, and connecting revolving power mechanism by described axis, described rinsing maching inner tube wall is communicated with urceolus and is provided with sieve aperture, is provided with wash water outlet bottom urceolus.
Described house refuse rinsing maching, the rotation central axis bearings at both ends of cylindric washer bearings at both ends and spiral agitator adopts duplex bearing intussusception, cylindric washer two ends hollow shaft is fixed on both sides, frame upper end by bearing and bearing block, and the bearings at both ends of inner core spiral agitator axis is nested to be arranged in the hollow shaft of cylindric washer two ends.
Described house refuse rinsing maching, rinsing maching urceolus is wrapped in inner core lower periphery, and the gap of wrapping up between 65 ~ 70%, two that highly account for inner core height is 50 ~ 55mm, and rinsing maching urceolus bottom wash outlet of sewer is provided with motor switch; Rinsing maching inner core its top feed mouth is provided with the import of rubbish washings and gap.
Described house refuse rinsing maching, rinsing maching inner core bottom by rinsing maching urceolus wrapping portion arrange for wash water and wash out rubbish discharge sieve diameter be 40 ~ 45mm.
Described house refuse rinsing maching, spiral agitator is provided with 2 ~ 4 auger bands, described auger bandwidth 80 ~ 120mm, thickness 10 ~ 15mm, the spiral number of turns 2 ~ 5 is enclosed, auger welding is on support, and support is fixed on axis, and auger band is apart from rinsing maching inner tube wall 100 ~ 150mm.
Described house refuse rinsing maching, side, rinsing maching urceolus bottom radial location is provided with the cylindric washer turning device of rinsing maching, described cylindric washer turning device is by Motor Control, cylindric washer charging aperture can be made to overturn 45 degree, and after house refuse is washed, the washing rubbish rested in rinsing maching is discharged outside machine automatically.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, process house refuse speed is fast, output large, enters factory's rubbish the same day and is disposed the same day.House refuse washing sorting and recycle overall process to air, underground water source, surrounding enviroment without any pollution, rubbish washings recycle, in rubbish water process be destitute of smell overflow and washing after rubbish can not produce stink.
2, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, fully achieve domestic garbage resource process, refuse classification rate of accuracy reached is to 95%, resource utilization rate reaches 65 ~ 80%(according to rubbish proportion of composing, the article that can utilize after refuse classification all utilize), each doing his best to make various rubbish.
3, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, technique, equipment are simple, and easily realize, construction investment is lower, is 40 ~ 45% of consumer waste incineration process construction investment; Daily disposal cost is cheap, is 25 ~ 30% of the daily disposal cost of consumer waste incineration.
4, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, becomes disposal of refuse into processing rubbish, allows house refuse create huge economic benefit and the wealth of society, make the house refuse be harmful to can not become the complete regenerated resources of inexhaustible use.Garbage reclamation items sold income is abundant, and only the income from sales of recycled plastic one is just far longer than the expenditure of garbage disposal expense.
5, house refuse rinsing maching of the present invention, novel in design, structure is simple, scientific and reasonable, has good refuse classification effect and the higher efficiency of separation.
6, house refuse rinsing maching of the present invention, adopt computer monitor straighforward operation, safe, efficient, easy, reliable, a machine completes multimachine function, is the best equipment of sorting consumer waste.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of house refuse rinsing maching of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of house refuse rinsing maching of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by detailed description of the invention, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
House refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, its implementation procedure comprises house refuse washing process, paper scrap and plant refuse dewatering process, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wind-force and artificial separation technique, recycled plastic processing technology:
1) described house refuse washing process, first Domestic garbage bag-breaking is immersed in circulation cleaning water, with hanging grab bucket rubbish picked up to pour into rubbish rinsing maching from fermentation vat again and add circulation cleaning water simultaneously, rubbish in rinsing maching 2 ~ 4 times washing rubbish can the easy broken thing such as rotten organic matter, waste paper and dirt, cinder etc. all washing is out, flow out from rinsing maching inner core sieve aperture together with wash water and enter rinsing maching urceolus, discharge from rinsing maching urceolus outlet of sewer after collecting and enter rubbish sedimentation basin;
2) described paper scrap and plant refuse dewatering process, the paper scrap, plant refuse etc. that swim in rubbish sedimentation basin wash water surface are pulled out, adopt the dehydration of spiral squeezing dewaterer, after dehydration, moisture content 45 ~ 50% does fertilizer sale, or transport other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal;
3) described Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, mud (organic matter) in wash water, do fertilizer and sell through precipitation, dehydration, mummification moisture content 35 ~ 40%, or transport other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal;
4) described wind-force and artificial separation technique, rest on the washing rubbish being greater than 40 ~ 45mm in rubbish rinsing maching after house refuse washing automatically to discharge from rinsing maching, pneumatic separating, artificial separation after natural-dehydration, sub-elect the sale such as plastics, metal, the landfills such as remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet;
5) described recycled plastic processing technology, according to client and market demands by recycled plastic classification, packing, cleaning, fragmentation, granulation etc., also deep processing can make dustbin, Turnover Box and other plastic products.
Embodiment 2
The house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present embodiment, implementation procedure comprises rubbish washing assorting room and washing refuse classification process, described rubbish washing assorting room adopts house refuse rinsing maching, washing machine principle is utilized to take churned mechanically method, by in house refuse can rotten organic matter and waste paper and dirt, the washing such as cinder out, precipitate through rubbish sedimentation basin, sub-elect the paper scrap swimming in sedimentation basin rubbish wash water surface, plant refuse etc. and the dirt be deposited in bottom sedimentation basin, mud (organic matter) in cinder etc. and wash water is recycled, washing rubbish after house refuse washing carries out sorting again.
Embodiment 3
The house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present embodiment, as different from Example 2: described washing refuse classification process, discharge through the washing washing rubbish rested in rubbish rinsing maching from rubbish rinsing maching, the recycling such as plastics, metal is sub-elected, the landfills such as remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet after dehydration.
Embodiment 4
The house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present embodiment, the difference of itself and embodiment 2 or embodiment 3 is: also comprise paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, dirt and cinder dehydration, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wherein:
Paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration are pulled out the paper scrap swimming in rubbish sedimentation basin wash water surface, plant refuse etc., recycles after using dewater unit dehydration;
Dirt and cinder dehydration are pulled out the dirt be deposited in bottom rubbish sedimentation basin, cinder etc., recycles or fill out hole and pave the way, be used as refuse landfill overburden soil after natural-dehydration;
Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, mud (organic matter) in wash water, do fertilizer and sell through precipitation, dehydration, mummification moisture content 35 ~ 40%, or transport other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal.
The method of house refuse washing sorting of the present invention and recycling, house refuse washing process is as follows:
Entering factory's cram packer enters between rubbish water car-washing, house refuse is poured into rubbish fermentation vat, adds circulation cleaning water simultaneously and opens spray dust's deodorizing, being fully immersed in water stink is not easily distributed through bag-breaking machine broken bag rubbish; With hanging grab bucket rubbish picked up to pour into rubbish rinsing maching from fermentation vat and add circulation cleaning water simultaneously, rubbish opens outlet of sewer switch after rinsing maching washing, stirring, in rubbish can easy broken thing and dirt, the cinder etc. such as rotten organic matter, waste paper, flow out from rinsing maching inner core sieve aperture together with wash water and enter rinsing maching urceolus, discharge from rinsing maching urceolus outlet of sewer after collecting and enter rubbish sedimentation basin; House refuse in rinsing maching 2 ~ 4 times washing rubbish can all washes clean such as rotten organic matter, waste paper.Swim in the paper scrap on rubbish sedimentation basin wash water surface, plant refuse etc. to pull out, be transported to evaporation plant dehydration with loading machine.The inorganic matter dirt, cinder etc. be deposited in bottom sedimentation basin is pulled out, is transported to warehouse natural-dehydration with loading machine, and after dehydration, moisture content 30 ~ 40% is paved the way with padding hole outside transport vehicle transport factory or is used as refuse landfill overburden soil.Rubbish wash water is extracted out from net is combed in rubbish sedimentation basin termination, enters tower sedimentation basin precipitation.Rest on the washing rubbish being greater than 40 ~ 45mm in rubbish rinsing maching after house refuse washing automatically to discharge from rinsing maching, be transported to sorting between sorting car with loading machine.
Paper scrap and plant refuse dewatering process as follows: paper scrap and plant refuse are transported to evaporation plant with loading machine between water car-washing, paper scrap and plant refuse are poured in spiral squeezing dewaterer hopper with small sized loader.Spiral squeezing dewaterer rotating speed 30 ~ 40 revs/min, motor gear box device drives bolt rotary, helical blade on screw rod drives paper scrap and plant refuse to push ahead, paper scrap and plant refuse is made to be subject to intensity extruding in filtration barrel, moisture is extruded from the silk seam filtering barrel, the moisture extruded is collected by sewage collecting cylinder, flows into sewer to be back between water car-washing in rubbish fermentation vat from outlet of sewer.Capacity between screw feed one end to discharging one end pitch is more and more less, and the moisture that the paper scrap in filtration barrel and plant refuse are extruded also gets more and more, and finally extrudes from head discharging opening.Discharging adjusting device on head regulates the moisture content of discharging, paper scrap and the rear moisture content 45-50% of plant refuse dehydration, be transported to fertilizer plant to do fertilizer and sell, or be transported to other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal.
Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process is as follows: rubbish wash water is extracted out from net is combed in rubbish sedimentation basin termination between water car-washing, enter tower sedimentation basin precipitation, sewage running piping is provided with treatment agent import and blender, a certain proportion of PAFC sewage treatment drug is quantitatively added with measuring pump, blender makes sewage fully mix with medicament, sewage enters from the tower sedimentation basin top center of circle, mud rapid precipitation under treatment agent effect in sewage, clear water after precipitation flows out from the tower sedimentation basin circumferential edge of circle along tooth type gap, enter sewer pipe and flow to clear water storage pool.Sludge settling height in tower sedimentation basin stops pumping into sewage when accounting for 80 ~ 90% of the sedimentation basin degree of depth, sewage is pumped into the tower sedimentation basin of another one; Tower sedimentation basin is provided with three, and one pumps into settlement of sewage mud, and a stopping pumps into sewage and continues precipitating sludge, extracts sludge dewatering out for one from bottom.Mud after precipitation is extracted out bottom tower sedimentation basin, and moisture content 98 ~ 99% pumps into the dehydration of sludge dewatering extruder.
Mud after precipitation is extracted out with screw pump bottom tower sedimentation basin, sludge carrier pipe road is provided with treatment agent import and blender, a certain proportion of polyacrylamide Treatment of Sludge medicament is quantitatively added with measuring pump, blender makes rare mud fully mix with medicament, enters filter in barrel from sludge dewatering extruder charging aperture.Screw pump and drug metering pump are equipped with variable speed electric motors, particularly to regulate inlet amount, make rare mud and treatment agent reach best fit state.Sludge dewatering extruder rotating speed 10 ~ 40 revs/min, motor gear box device drives bolt rotary, helical blade on screw rod drives mud to push ahead, mud is made to be subject to intensity extruding in filtration barrel, moisture is extruded from the silk seam filtering barrel, the moisture extruded is collected by sewage collecting cylinder, flows into sewer be back in draining room rubbish fermentation vat from outlet of sewer.Capacity between screw feed one end to discharging one end pitch is more and more less, and the moisture that the mud in filtration barrel is extruded also gets more and more, and finally extrudes from head discharging opening; Discharging adjusting device on head regulates the moisture content of discharging mud, moisture content 70-75% after sludge dewatering.Dewatered sludge is extruded from dewatering extruder head and is fallen into spiral shaftless mud conveyer hopper, and dewatered sludge is transported in sludge stirring machine by conveyer.
Mud conveyer after dehydration is transported in sludge stirring machine, and add a certain proportion of backflow dewatered sludge absorption dispersion dewatered sludge moisture with loading machine, after stirring, moisture percentage in sewage sludge 48 ~ 52% puts into storage basin.With small sized loader, the mud after stirring is poured in sludge drying extruder feed hopper, mud enters barrel from charging aperture, screw rod is quick rotation under motor gear box device drives, spiral propeller on screw rod makes mud in barrel, have many transfer passages, enter two move back one do not arrhea dynamic, similar spiral shaftless mud conveyer operation principle, makes mud can extrude in any moisture content state.Sludge drying extruder rotating speed 90 ~ 100 revs/min, spiral propeller is good frictional heat device, and screw rod High Rotation Speed mud frictional heat and the heating of additional electromagnetic induction heater make mud be warmed up to 80 ~ 100 degree.Sheet high temperature mud is extruded from desiccation machine head discharging opening, falls into ribbon conveyer conveying and stacks cooling, moisture content 35 ~ 40% after mud cooling.The half for the treatment of capacity is transported to fertilizer plant to do fertilizer and sell, or is transported to other fertilizer plants and freely does fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal.Second half for the treatment of capacity is transported in closed glass lighting greenhouse mud material distributing machine hopper with loading machine, and mud evenly paves 10 ~ 20mm thickness by material distributing machine, through airing with store moisture percentage in sewage sludge 20 ~ 30% and become backflow dewatered sludge.Backflow dewatered sludge is used as adding in dewatered sludge and reduces moisture content and viscosity is convenient to drying and other treatment, can store some dewatered sludges more summer and use in order to winter or successive cloudy days.Namely the glass lighting greenhouse closed is mud airing field dewatered sludge warehouse especially, can store the dewatered sludge of 1.5 ~ 1.8 meters of height of the gross area, the backflow use amount of 30 ~ 40 days for subsequent use.
Wind-force and artificial separation technique as follows: the washing rubbish being greater than 40 ~ 45mm after house refuse washing is transported between sorting car with loading machine between water car-washing, first stack and flow out washings, pour in pneumatic separator hopper with small sized loader again, rubbish is transported to 4 ~ 4.5m height freely falling body and falls down ground by the conveyer of pneumatic separator feed hopper bottom, the high-power fan that 2 ~ 3 can adjust angle is provided with below conveyer top, blow away the waste plastics bag in rubbish and plastic sheeting when rubbish drops, residual refuse small sized loader is poured in artificial separation machine hopper.Garbage horizontal is carried by the conveyer of artificial separation machine feed hopper bottom, conveyer both sides be provided with 2 ~ 3 sorting employees the plastic bottle in rubbish, plastic shoes, metal etc. can be reclaimed sell article pick out, select recovery taxonomy of goods is put into baby conveyor on one side, recovery article are transported to by baby conveyor respectively to be stacked in pond on one side.The complete rubbish transport vehicle of artificial separation is transported to refuse landfill landfill; The waste plastics bag, plastic bottle, plastic shoes, metal etc. that sub-elect reclaim article small sized loader and are transported to plastic processing workshop respectively.
Plastic processing is as follows: waste plastics bag, plastic bottle, plastic shoes, metal etc. reclaim article and are transported to plastic processing workshop, and other recovery article such as metal are stacked and saved bit by bit rear sale on one side.Recycled plastic is classified: the waste plastics bag of recovery, plastic sheeting are packed or sold after granulation; Beverage bottle polyester plastics (PET) package sale, or de-mark, go lid, broken, cleaning, dry, dry, pack sells; Other plastic bottles generally belong to vinyon (PE), and shape size differs, and sell through broken, cleaning, drying, oven dry, pack, vinyon (PE) also deep processing can make dustbin, Turnover Box and other plastic products; Sandals, igelite (PVC), polyethylene foamed plastics (PE), respectively package sale, or broken, cleaning respectively, dry, dry, pack sells; Sport footwear and leather shoe sole, the package sale respectively of thermoplastic elastomer (TPR), thermoplastic polyurethane rubber (PU), or take upper of a shoe off by sole fragmentation, cleaning, drying, oven dry, pack sale.According to client and market demands by recycled plastic package sale respectively, or broken, cleaning, dry, dry, pack sells.
Embodiment 5
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the present embodiment is the house refuse rinsing maching realizing house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method as previously mentioned, comprise frame 6, cylindric washer 1, described cylindric washer 1 is arranged in frame 6 by the bearing 5 at its two ends, cylindric washer comprises urceolus 7 and inner core 8, spiral agitator 3 is provided with in described rinsing maching inner core 8, described spiral agitator 3 is fixedly installed on axis 4, and connect revolving power mechanism by axis 4, described rinsing maching inner tube wall is communicated with urceolus and is provided with sieve aperture 9, is provided with wash water outlet 10 bottom urceolus.
Embodiment 6
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse rinsing maching of the present embodiment, be with the difference of embodiment 5: the bearing at the bearing 5 at cylindric washer two ends and rotation central axis 4 two ends of spiral agitator 3 adopts duplex bearing to overlap stack structure, cylindric washer 1 two ends hollow shaft is fixed on both sides, frame 6 upper end by bearing and bearing block, and the bearings at both ends of inner core spiral agitator axis is nested to be arranged in the hollow shaft of cylindric washer two ends.
Embodiment 7
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse rinsing maching of the present embodiment, be with the difference of embodiment 5 or embodiment 6: rinsing maching urceolus 7 is wrapped in inner core 8 lower periphery, parcel highly accounts for 65 ~ 70% of inner core 8 height, gap between two is 50 ~ 55mm, and rinsing maching urceolus 7 bottom wash outlet of sewer 10 is provided with motor switch 11; Rinsing maching inner core 8 its top feed mouth is provided with rubbish washings import 2 and gap 15.
Embodiment 8
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse rinsing maching of the present embodiment, be with the difference of embodiment 5 or embodiment 6: spiral agitator 3 is provided with 2 ~ 4 auger bands, described auger bandwidth 80 ~ 120mm, thickness 10 ~ 15mm, the spiral number of turns 2 ~ 5 is enclosed, and auger welding is on support, support is fixed on axis, and auger band is apart from rinsing maching inner tube wall 100 ~ 150mm; Rinsing maching inner core 8 bottom by rinsing maching urceolus 7 wrapping portion arrange for wash water and wash out rubbish discharge sieve aperture 9 diameter be 40 ~ 45mm.
Embodiment 9
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse rinsing maching of the present embodiment, be with the difference of foregoing embodiments: side, rinsing maching urceolus 7 bottom radial location is provided with the cylindric washer turning device 12 of rinsing maching, described cylindric washer turning device adopts Electronic control mode, cylindric washer charging aperture can be made to overturn 45 degree, and after house refuse is washed, the washing rubbish rested in rinsing maching is discharged outside rinsing maching automatically.Number in the figure 13 is motor, and 14 is variable-speed motor.

Claims (10)

1. one way of life rubbish washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, comprise rubbish washing assorting room and washing refuse classification process, it is characterized in that: described rubbish washing assorting room adopts house refuse rinsing maching, washing machine principle is utilized to take churned mechanically method, by in house refuse can rotten organic matter and waste paper and dirt, cinder washs out, precipitate through rubbish sedimentation basin, sub-elect the paper scrap swimming in sedimentation basin rubbish wash water surface, plant refuse and the dirt be deposited in bottom sedimentation basin, mud in cinder and wash water is recycled, washing rubbish after house refuse washing carries out sorting again.
2. house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described washing refuse classification process, discharge through the washing washing rubbish rested in rubbish rinsing maching from rubbish rinsing maching, sub-elect plastics after dehydration, metal recovery utilizes, remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet landfill.
3. house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: first the house refuse after broken bag is soaked in washings, then pick up and pour in rubbish rinsing maching, add washings washing 2 ~ 4 times, can flow out from rubbish rinsing maching together with wash water with dirt, cinder etc. by the easy broken thing such as rotten organic matter, waste paper in house refuse, enters rubbish sedimentation basin.
4. house refuse according to claim 3 washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, is characterized in that: also comprise paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, dirt and cinder dehydration, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wherein:
Paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration are pulled out the paper scrap swimming in rubbish sedimentation basin wash water surface, plant refuse etc., recycles after using dewater unit dehydration;
Dirt and cinder dehydration are pulled out the dirt be deposited in bottom rubbish sedimentation basin, cinder etc., recycles or fill out hole and pave the way, be used as refuse landfill overburden soil after natural-dehydration;
Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, the mud in wash water, does fertilizer and sells through precipitation, dehydration, mummification moisture content 35 ~ 40%, or transport other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transports power plant and freely burn Substitute For Partial coal.
5. one kind realizes the house refuse rinsing maching of house refuse according to claim 1 washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, comprise frame, cylindric washer, described cylindric washer is arranged in frame by the bearing at its two ends, it is characterized in that: described rinsing maching cylindric washer comprises urceolus and inner core, spiral agitator is provided with in described rinsing maching inner core, described spiral agitator is fixedly installed on axis, and connect revolving power mechanism by described axis, described rinsing maching inner tube wall is communicated with urceolus and is provided with sieve aperture, is provided with wash water outlet bottom urceolus.
6. house refuse rinsing maching according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the rotation central axis bearings at both ends of cylindric washer bearings at both ends and spiral agitator adopts duplex bearing intussusception, cylindric washer two ends hollow shaft is fixed on both sides, frame upper end by bearing and bearing block, and the bearings at both ends of inner core spiral agitator axis is nested to be arranged in the hollow shaft of cylindric washer two ends.
7. the house refuse rinsing maching according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterized in that: rinsing maching urceolus is wrapped in inner core lower periphery, the gap of wrapping up between 65 ~ 70%, two that highly account for inner core height is 50 ~ 55mm, and rinsing maching urceolus bottom wash outlet of sewer is provided with motor switch; Rinsing maching inner core its top feed mouth is provided with the import of rubbish washings and gap.
8. house refuse rinsing maching according to claim 7, is characterized in that: rinsing maching inner core bottom by rinsing maching urceolus wrapping portion arrange for wash water and wash out rubbish discharge sieve diameter be 40 ~ 45mm.
9. the house refuse rinsing maching according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterized in that: spiral agitator is provided with 2 ~ 4 auger bands, described auger bandwidth 80 ~ 120mm, thickness 10 ~ 15mm, the spiral number of turns 2 ~ 5 is enclosed, auger welding is on support, and support is fixed on axis, and auger band is apart from rinsing maching inner tube wall 100 ~ 150mm.
10. the house refuse rinsing maching according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterized in that: side, rinsing maching urceolus bottom radial location is provided with the cylindric washer turning device of rinsing maching, described cylindric washer turning device is by Motor Control, cylindric washer charging aperture can be made to overturn 45 degree, and after house refuse is washed, the washing rubbish rested in rinsing maching is discharged outside machine automatically.
CN201510545191.4A 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water and domestic garbage washing machine CN105127177B (en)

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