TWI495520B - Organic waste treatment equipment - Google Patents

Organic waste treatment equipment Download PDF

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TWI495520B
TWI495520B TW101124425A TW101124425A TWI495520B TW I495520 B TWI495520 B TW I495520B TW 101124425 A TW101124425 A TW 101124425A TW 101124425 A TW101124425 A TW 101124425A TW I495520 B TWI495520 B TW I495520B
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organic waste
treatment tank
gas
treatment
combustion
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TW101124425A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201328796A (en
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Naoyuki Ichinose
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Syudensya Co Ltd
Taiyo Machinery Mfg Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/38Removing components of undefined structure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/26Conditioning fluids entering or exiting the reaction vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • C12M41/18Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M43/00Combinations of bioreactors or fermenters with other apparatus
    • C12M43/04Bioreactors or fermenters combined with combustion devices or plants, e.g. for carbon dioxide removal
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/06Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2251/00Reactants
    • B01D2251/30Alkali metal compounds
    • B01D2251/304Alkali metal compounds of sodium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2251/00Reactants
    • B01D2251/60Inorganic bases or salts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2252/00Absorbents, i.e. solvents and liquid materials for gas absorption
    • B01D2252/10Inorganic absorbents
    • B01D2252/103Water
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/90Odorous compounds not provided for in groups B01D2257/00 - B01D2257/708
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0275Other waste gases from food processing plants or kitchens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases
    • B01D2258/0291Flue gases from waste incineration plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/18Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by thermal conditioning
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/32Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from the food or foodstuff industry, e.g. brewery waste waters

Description

有機性廢棄物處理裝置Organic waste treatment plant
本發明是食品廢棄物等的處理裝置,尤其是關於利用發酵用菌體的有機性廢棄物處理裝置。The present invention relates to a food waste treatment device, and more particularly to an organic waste treatment device using a fermentation cell.
習知的有機性廢棄物處理裝置,將有機垃圾等的有機性廢棄物投入到處理槽,藉由使攪拌葉片旋轉,來將處理槽內的有機性廢棄物與發酵用菌體混合,並且藉由將熱風從攪拌葉片吹出到處理槽內,使水分從有機性廢棄物蒸發,藉由將適當的溫度與濕度賦予到有機性廢棄物,確保有效的發酵來促進有機性廢棄物的發酵分解。In the conventional organic waste treatment device, the organic waste such as organic waste is put into the treatment tank, and the organic waste in the treatment tank is mixed with the fermentation bacteria by rotating the stirring blade. The hot air is blown out from the stirring blade into the treatment tank to evaporate water from the organic waste, and the appropriate temperature and humidity are imparted to the organic waste, thereby ensuring efficient fermentation and promoting the fermentation decomposition of the organic waste.
可是,在上述的有機性廢棄物處理裝置,其構造讓從處理機送出的排氣直接放出到外部,會有讓排氣的惡臭散佈到外部這樣的問題,而需要設置附加於處理裝置的除臭裝置。However, in the above-described organic waste treatment device, the structure is such that the exhaust gas sent from the processor is directly discharged to the outside, and there is a problem that the odor of the exhaust gas is scattered to the outside, and it is necessary to provide an addition to the treatment device. Stinky device.
因此,提出有機性廢棄物處理裝置(參考專利文獻1),設置有:熱風產生器、及熱風的循環送風手段;該熱風產生器,是朝向投入於處理槽的被處理物來送出熱風;該熱風的循環送風手段,將處理槽內的濕潤的熱風進行除濕,並且未將經過除濕的空氣排出到框體的外部,而將其迴流於上述熱風產生器,將其從熱風產生器再次送出到處理槽。Therefore, an organic waste treatment device (refer to Patent Document 1) is provided, and a hot air generator and a hot air circulation air supply means are provided, and the hot air generator sends hot air toward the object to be treated in the treatment tank; The circulating air blowing means of the hot air dehumidifies the humid hot air in the processing tank, and does not discharge the dehumidified air to the outside of the casing, and returns it to the hot air generator, and sends it again from the hot air generator to the hot air generator. Processing tank.
〔先前技術文獻〕[Previous Technical Literature] 〔專利文獻〕[Patent Document]
專利文獻1:日本特開2002-239514號公報Patent Document 1: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2002-239514
可是,在上述專利文獻1提出的有機性廢棄物處理裝置,是將處理槽、熱風產生器、熱風的循環送風手段,收容於可密閉的框體內,其構造是讓在處理槽內產生的臭氣不放出到外部,在與外氣完全阻斷的狀態要使熱風循環是非常困難的,臭氣一定會洩漏到外部,所以需要用來除臭的除臭裝置。However, the organic waste treatment device proposed in the above-mentioned Patent Document 1 is a circulating air supply means for a treatment tank, a hot air generator, and a hot air, and is housed in a closable casing, and has a structure that causes a odor generated in the treatment tank. The gas is not released to the outside, and it is very difficult to circulate the hot air in a state of being completely blocked from the outside air, and the odor must leak to the outside, so a deodorizing device for deodorizing is required.
鑑於上述問題點,本發明者提供一種有機性廢棄物處理裝置,能再次利用當藉由發酵用菌體將有機性廢棄物發酵分解處理時所產生的氣體,藉由燃燒器的燃燒進行除臭。In view of the above problems, the present inventors have provided an organic waste treatment apparatus capable of reusing the gas generated when the organic waste is subjected to fermentation decomposition treatment by the fermentation bacteria, and deodorizing by combustion of the burner. .
因此,本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置,第1特徵為,具備有:燃燒爐、熱交換器、處理槽、循環鼓風機、燃燒用氣體供給部、及加熱部;該燃燒爐,具備有將燃料燃燒來產生燃燒氣體的燃燒器;該熱交換器,將上述燃燒氣體作為熱源來將外氣加熱;該處理槽,被供給該已加熱的外氣而將上述發酵用菌 體及上述有機性廢棄物進行攪拌;該循環鼓風機,將藉由上述熱交換器所加熱的上述外氣朝上述處理槽供給,使其在上述處理槽內循環;該燃燒用氣體供給部,具備有手段,該手段將從上述有機產生物產生的臭氣氣體,作為用來將上述燃料燃燒的燃燒用氣體而供給到上述燃燒爐;該加熱部,被供給在上述燃燒爐產生的上述燃燒氣體,從外側將上述處理槽加熱。Therefore, the organic waste treatment apparatus according to the first aspect of the present invention includes a combustion furnace, a heat exchanger, a treatment tank, a circulation blower, a combustion gas supply unit, and a heating unit, and the combustion furnace includes a burner that combusts a fuel to generate a combustion gas; the heat exchanger heats the outside air using the combustion gas as a heat source; and the treatment tank is supplied with the heated outside air to feed the fermentation bacteria Agitating the body and the organic waste; the circulating air blower supplies the external air heated by the heat exchanger to the processing tank to circulate in the processing tank; and the combustion gas supply unit includes There is a means for supplying an odor gas generated from the organic product to the combustion furnace as a combustion gas for burning the fuel; and the heating portion is supplied to the combustion gas generated in the combustion furnace The treatment tank is heated from the outside.
在該構造,主燃燒器的燃料,不只是平常的燈油、重油,也使用天婦羅油、廢油等的代替燃料,使用包含在處理槽內產生的臭氣的臭氣氣體作為燃燒用氣體,藉由導燃器使其點火。In this configuration, the fuel of the main burner is not only ordinary kerosene, heavy oil, but also substitute fuel such as tempura oil or waste oil, and odor gas containing odor generated in the treatment tank is used as the combustion gas. It is ignited by a pilot burner.
第2特徵為,上述燃燒用氣體供給部,進一步具備有:用來抑制上述臭氣氣體的臭氣的洗滌裝置、以及將上述臭氣氣體的流路,切換到上述燃燒爐的方向或上述洗滌裝置的方向的切換閥;通過上述切換閥的上述臭氣氣體的流路,是因應上述燃燒爐的燃燒狀態進行切換。According to a second aspect of the invention, the combustion gas supply unit further includes: a washing device for suppressing an odor of the odor gas; and a direction in which the flow path of the odor gas is switched to the combustion furnace or the washing a switching valve in the direction of the device; the flow path of the odor gas passing through the switching valve is switched in response to the combustion state of the combustion furnace.
第3特徵為,上述洗滌裝置,具備有:在內部收容有多孔質吸附材而表面形成為網眼狀的筒狀體、安裝有複數個該筒狀體的中空的框體、與上述筒狀體的一端側連結,使複數的上述筒狀體連動而朝周方向轉動的驅動機構、以及將洗淨液供給到上述筒狀體的噴霧裝置;第4特徵為,上述洗淨液為水、或次氯酸鈉溶液。According to a third aspect of the invention, the washing apparatus includes a cylindrical body in which a porous adsorbent is housed and has a mesh shape on the surface thereof, and a hollow frame body in which a plurality of the tubular bodies are attached, and the cylindrical body a driving mechanism that connects one end of the body to the plurality of cylindrical bodies and rotates in the circumferential direction, and a spraying device that supplies the cleaning liquid to the cylindrical body. According to a fourth aspect, the cleaning liquid is water. Or sodium hypochlorite solution.
藉由本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置,可將主燃燒器的燃燒氣體利用為處理槽的外部加熱,或將藉由熱交換器所加熱的外氣,循環於處理槽內使用於有機廢棄物的發酵處理,而從在處理槽內發酵處理的有機廢棄物產生的臭氣氣體,被熱交換器加熱而連同在處理槽內循環的外氣一起被利用為主燃燒器的燃燒用氣體,當主燃燒器燃燒時具有能除臭的效果。According to the organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention, the combustion gas of the main burner can be utilized as external heating of the treatment tank, or the external air heated by the heat exchanger can be circulated in the treatment tank for use in organic waste. Fermentation treatment, and the odor gas generated from the organic waste fermented in the treatment tank is heated by the heat exchanger and used together with the external gas circulating in the treatment tank to be used as the combustion gas of the main burner. The main burner has a deodorizing effect when burned.
主燃燒器的燃料,不只是燈油、重油,也能使用天婦羅油、廢油等的代替燃料。The fuel of the main burner is not only varnish, heavy oil, but also alternative fuels such as tempura oil and waste oil.
並且可藉由切換閥來變更燃燒用氣體的流路,即使在主燃燒器熄火後,也具有能藉由洗滌裝置將包含臭氣氣體的燃燒用氣體除臭的效果。Further, the flow path of the combustion gas can be changed by the switching valve, and even after the main burner is turned off, there is an effect that the combustion gas containing the odor gas can be deodorized by the washing device.
洗滌裝置,具備有:收容有複數的木炭等的多孔質吸附材而形成為網眼狀的筒狀體、與該筒狀體的一端側連結,將複數筒狀體連動使其朝周方向轉動的驅動機構、以及將洗淨液供給到上述筒狀體的噴霧裝置;藉由以上述噴霧裝置散佈水或次氯酸鈉溶液則具有能進行上述臭氣氣體的除塵及除臭的效果。The washing apparatus includes a tubular body in which a porous adsorbent material containing a plurality of charcoal or the like is formed, and is connected to one end side of the tubular body, and the plurality of cylindrical bodies are coupled to each other to rotate in the circumferential direction. The drive mechanism and the spray device for supplying the cleaning liquid to the cylindrical body; and the effect of dispersing and deodorizing the odor gas by dispersing water or sodium hypochlorite solution by the spray device.
以下參考顯示本發明的實施例的圖面來說明,而本發明並不限定於本實施例。第1圖是顯示本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置的一實施例的正視說明圖。第2圖為第1圖的俯視說明圖。第3圖為從第2圖的A-A線方向觀察的說 明圖。第4圖為從第2圖的B-B線方向觀察的說明圖。第5圖為洗滌裝置的說明圖。第6圖為筒狀體的說明圖。第7圖是顯示氣體流路的流程圖。The following description is made with reference to the drawings showing embodiments of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the embodiment. Fig. 1 is a front elevational view showing an embodiment of the organic waste treating apparatus of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a plan explanatory view of Fig. 1. Figure 3 is a view from the direction of line A-A in Figure 2 Ming map. Fig. 4 is an explanatory view as seen from the direction of line B-B of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is an explanatory view of the washing apparatus. Fig. 6 is an explanatory view of a cylindrical body. Figure 7 is a flow chart showing the gas flow path.
如第1圖~第4圖及第7圖所示,本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置1,是由:用來處理有機性廢棄物的處理槽2、與該處理槽2連接,用來供給在有機性廢棄物的發酵所需要的熱能的熱交換器3、具有該熱交換器3的熱源也就是燃燒裝置的燃燒爐4、以及將在處理槽2內產生的包含臭氣的臭氣氣體供給到燃燒裝置的燃燒用氣體供給部5所構成。As shown in FIGS. 1 to 4 and 7, the organic waste treatment device 1 of the present invention is composed of a treatment tank 2 for treating organic waste, and is connected to the treatment tank 2, and is used for The heat exchanger 3 that supplies the heat energy required for the fermentation of the organic waste, the heat source having the heat exchanger 3, that is, the combustion furnace 4 of the combustion apparatus, and the odor containing the odor generated in the treatment tank 2 The gas is supplied to the combustion gas supply unit 5 of the combustion apparatus.
處理槽2,如第1圖及第2圖所示,是在上部具有投入口6而側面底部形成為U字型的中空的箱體,可將有機性廢棄物、水分調整材、及發酵用菌體從投入口6投入。在處理槽2的長邊方向連接著:貫穿軸7、以及使該貫穿軸7轉動的驅動馬達8;藉由在該貫穿軸7安裝的攪拌用螺桿(未圖示)的轉動,來攪拌有機性廢棄物、水分調整材、及發酵用菌體。然後藉由後述的熱交換器3讓加熱的外氣進入,以預定的溫度將有機性廢棄物、水分調整材及發酵用菌體加熱來促進發酵。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the treatment tank 2 is a hollow tank having an inlet port 6 at the upper portion and a U-shaped side at the bottom of the surface, and can be used for organic waste, moisture adjusting material, and fermentation. The cells are introduced from the input port 6. In the longitudinal direction of the processing tank 2, a through shaft 7 and a drive motor 8 for rotating the through shaft 7 are connected; and the stirring screw (not shown) attached to the through shaft 7 is rotated to stir the organic Sex waste, moisture adjustment material, and fermentation bacteria. Then, the heated outside air is introduced by the heat exchanger 3 to be described later, and the organic waste, the moisture adjusting material, and the fermentation cells are heated at a predetermined temperature to promote the fermentation.
如第3圖及第4圖所示,在處理槽2的底部形成有用來從處理槽2的外裝部加熱的套管部9,讓在後述的熱交換器3使用的熱風循環,以預定的溫度將投入於處理槽2內的有機性廢棄物、水分調整材及發酵用菌體加熱。在發酵處理後,將熟成的有機性廢棄物作為有機肥料或飼料用 原料,從第1圖所示的排出口10排出。這裡作為所處理的有機性廢棄物,例如食物殘渣、水產加工廢棄物、畜產的尿、污泥、動物性殘渣等,而作為水分調整材則使用米糠、粉碎稻殼等。作為發酵用菌體則使用好氣性菌體也就是內城土壤菌等。而如第3圖及第7圖所示,在套管部9是經由配管連接著套管排氣風扇24,在運轉結束後,能將在套管部9內殘留的熱風或臭氣從套管部9內排出。As shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, a sleeve portion 9 for heating from the exterior portion of the treatment tank 2 is formed at the bottom of the treatment tank 2, and the hot air used in the heat exchanger 3 to be described later is circulated to be predetermined. The temperature is heated by the organic waste, the moisture adjusting material, and the fermentation cell which are put into the treatment tank 2. After the fermentation treatment, the cooked organic waste is used as an organic fertilizer or feed. The raw material is discharged from the discharge port 10 shown in Fig. 1 . Here, as the organic waste to be treated, for example, food waste, aquatic product processing waste, livestock urine, sludge, animal residue, etc., as the moisture adjusting material, rice bran, crushed rice hull, and the like are used. As the bacterial cells for fermentation, aerobic cells are used, that is, soil bacteria in the inner city. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 7, the casing exhaust fan 24 is connected to the casing portion 9 via a pipe, and after the operation is completed, hot air or odor remaining in the casing portion 9 can be removed from the casing. The inside of the tube portion 9 is discharged.
如第4圖所示,熱交換器3,是由雙重的筒狀體所構成,以從燃燒爐4輸送到中央筒狀體3a內的熱風、與藉由外氣導入風扇11所吸引而通過外側筒狀體3b與中央筒狀體3a之間的外氣,來進行熱交換;被輸送到中央筒狀體3a內而用於熱交換的熱風,如第7圖所示,被供給到上述套管部9。另一方面,通過外側筒狀體3b與中央筒狀體3a之間而藉由熱交換被加熱的外氣,藉由循環鼓風機12被吸引而供給到處理槽2內的上部,將有機性廢棄物、水分調整材及發酵用菌體加熱。As shown in Fig. 4, the heat exchanger 3 is composed of a double cylindrical body, and is heated by the hot air sent from the combustion furnace 4 to the central cylindrical body 3a and sucked by the external air introduction fan 11. The outside air between the outer cylindrical body 3b and the central cylindrical body 3a exchanges heat, and the hot air that is transported into the central cylindrical body 3a for heat exchange is supplied to the above as shown in FIG. Casing portion 9. On the other hand, the outside air heated by the heat exchange between the outer cylindrical body 3b and the central cylindrical body 3a is sucked by the circulation blower 12 and supplied to the upper portion in the treatment tank 2, thereby disposing of the organic waste. The material, the moisture adjusting material, and the fermentation cell are heated.
燃燒爐4,具有燃燒裝置,該燃燒裝置是由導燃器13與主燃燒器14所構成;該燃燒爐4安裝於熱交換器3的下部。將在處理槽2內產生的臭氣氣體,藉由後述的燃燒用氣體供給部5供給,將從燃料供給裝置(未圖示)所供給的燈油等的燃料燃燒。而導燃器13在主燃燒器14點火後則熄火。作為燃料,除了化石燃料以外,也可利用黏度10cp以下而具有熱量7000Kcal以上的自燃性的天婦羅油、廢油等的代替燃料。The combustion furnace 4 has a combustion device composed of a pilot burner 13 and a main burner 14; the combustion furnace 4 is attached to a lower portion of the heat exchanger 3. The odor gas generated in the treatment tank 2 is supplied by a combustion gas supply unit 5 to be described later, and the fuel such as kerosene supplied from a fuel supply device (not shown) is burned. The pilot burner 13 is turned off after the main burner 14 is ignited. In addition to the fossil fuel, a fuel having a viscosity of 10 cp or less and a self-igniting tempura oil or waste oil having a heat of 7,000 Kcal or more may be used.
如第3圖及第7圖所示,燃燒用氣體供給部5,是由:排氣風扇15、三向閥16、洗滌裝置17、以及將這些構造連接的配管18所構成,而與處理槽2及燃燒爐4連接。從在處理槽2內發酵處理的有機性廢棄物產生的臭氣氣體,藉由熱交換器3加熱,連同在處理槽內循環的外氣一起藉由排氣風扇15所吸引,經由三向閥16而供給到燃燒爐4的主燃燒器14,利用作為燃燒用氣體。當主燃燒器14的燃燒停止時,藉由三向閥16將臭氣氣體朝向主燃燒器14的流路切換到朝洗滌裝置17,將包含臭氣之氣體的粉塵與臭氣去除而放出到大氣中。As shown in FIGS. 3 and 7, the combustion gas supply unit 5 is composed of an exhaust fan 15, a three-way valve 16, a washing device 17, and a pipe 18 that connects these structures, and a treatment tank. 2 and the burner 4 is connected. The odor gas generated from the organic waste fermented in the treatment tank 2 is heated by the heat exchanger 3, and is sucked by the exhaust fan 15 together with the outside air circulated in the treatment tank, via the three-way valve The main burner 14 supplied to the combustion furnace 4 is used as a combustion gas. When the combustion of the main burner 14 is stopped, the odor gas is switched toward the flow path of the main burner 14 by the three-way valve 16 to the washing device 17, and the dust containing the odor gas and the odor are removed and released. In the atmosphere.
由上述構造所構成的本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置1,如第7圖所示,作為投入於處理槽2內的有機性廢棄物的發酵處理所需要的熱源,使用藉由熱交換器3所得到的潔淨的外氣。而在處理槽2的外裝部形成的套管部9,讓熱交換所使用的來自主燃燒器14的熱風循環,從外部側加熱處理槽2全體。藉由來自該處理槽2的內側、外側的加熱,則能將所投入的有機性廢棄物的發酵處理隨時穩定進行。As shown in Fig. 7, the organic waste treatment apparatus 1 of the present invention having the above-described structure is a heat source required for the fermentation treatment of the organic waste introduced into the treatment tank 2, and a heat exchanger is used. 3 clean outside air. On the other hand, the sleeve portion 9 formed in the outer casing of the treatment tank 2 circulates the hot air from the main burner 14 used for heat exchange, and heats the entire treatment tank 2 from the outside. By the heating from the inside and the outside of the treatment tank 2, the fermentation treatment of the input organic waste can be stably performed at any time.
並且藉由上述燃燒用氣體供給部5,從在處理槽2內發酵處理的有機性廢棄物產生的臭氣氣體,藉由熱交換器3加熱,而連同在處理槽內循環的外氣一起被利用作為主燃燒器14的燃燒用氣體,在燃燒爐4內燃燒而能除臭,所以臭氣不會發散到外部。Further, the odor gas generated from the organic waste fermentation-treated in the treatment tank 2 is heated by the heat exchanger 3 by the combustion gas supply unit 5, together with the external air circulated in the treatment tank. The combustion gas as the main burner 14 is burned in the combustion furnace 4 to deodorize, so that the odor does not diverge to the outside.
接著,根據第5圖~第7圖,針對本發明的有機性廢 棄物處理裝置1所使用的洗滌裝置17來說明。Next, according to the fifth to seventh figures, the organic waste of the present invention is The washing device 17 used in the waste disposal device 1 will be described.
如第5圖及第6圖所示,洗滌裝置17,在由中空的框體所構成的主體19的下部設置有氣體流入口(未圖示),在上部形成有氣體排出口(未圖示),在主體19的中央安裝有:在表面網眼狀地形成開口部的複數的筒狀體20,藉由驅動裝置(未圖示)使其可朝周方向轉動。在主體19上部設置有噴霧裝置,朝筒狀體20方向灑水。As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the washing device 17 is provided with a gas inflow port (not shown) at a lower portion of the main body 19 formed of a hollow casing, and a gas discharge port is formed at the upper portion (not shown). In the center of the main body 19, a plurality of cylindrical bodies 20 having an opening formed in a mesh shape are attached to the center of the main body 19, and are driven in a circumferential direction by a driving device (not shown). A spray device is provided on the upper portion of the main body 19 to sprinkle water toward the cylindrical body 20.
筒狀體20,如第6圖所示,在其內部充填有複數的木炭21,在表面具有網眼狀的開口部,可自由進行上述氣體的通過或噴霧裝置的灑水的通過。在側面一端側設置有:與上述驅動裝置連結的連結管22,與驅動裝置的轉動傳達軸23連結而可朝周方向轉動。作為筒狀體的材質,雖然希望為防鏽性的不鏽鋼,而也可以用FRP等的強化塑膠。As shown in Fig. 6, the cylindrical body 20 is filled with a plurality of charcoal 21, and has a mesh-like opening on the surface, so that the passage of the gas or the sprinkling of the spray device can be performed freely. The connecting pipe 22 connected to the above-described driving device is provided at one end side of the side surface, and is coupled to the rotation transmitting shaft 23 of the driving device to be rotatable in the circumferential direction. As a material of the cylindrical body, although it is desired to be rust-proof stainless steel, a reinforced plastic such as FRP may be used.
如第7圖所示,藉由排氣風扇15所吸引的有機性廢棄物的發酵時所產生的臭氣氣體、或藉由套管排氣風扇24所排出的熱風、臭氣,經由三向閥16而從洗滌裝置17的氣體流入口朝主體19內輸送,一邊通過複數的筒狀體20一邊從氣體排出口朝大氣放出。此時,如第5圖所示,複數的筒狀體20隨時連動而朝周方向轉動,使筒狀體20內的木炭21與氣體的接觸面積變化,並且藉由來自上部設置的噴霧裝置的灑水,來將氣體含有的粉塵與臭氣成分去除。而落下的水,暫時儲存在承接槽之後,再次藉由泵浦輸送到灑水裝置來利用。而在本實施例雖然說明使用水的例子,而也可以使用次氯酸鈉溶液等。As shown in Fig. 7, the odor gas generated during the fermentation of the organic waste sucked by the exhaust fan 15 or the hot air or odor discharged by the jacket exhaust fan 24 passes through the three directions. The valve 16 is conveyed from the gas inflow port of the washing device 17 into the main body 19, and is discharged from the gas discharge port to the atmosphere while passing through the plurality of cylindrical bodies 20. At this time, as shown in Fig. 5, the plurality of cylindrical bodies 20 are rotated in the circumferential direction at any time, so that the contact area of the charcoal 21 in the cylindrical body 20 with the gas is changed, and by the spray device from the upper portion Sprinkle water to remove dust and odor components from the gas. The fallen water is temporarily stored in the receiving tank and is again pumped to the sprinkler for use. In the present embodiment, an example in which water is used may be used, and a sodium hypochlorite solution or the like may be used.
〔實施例〕[Examples]
接著來說明本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置的有機性廢棄物的處理例子。Next, an example of treatment of organic waste in the organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention will be described.
(有機性廢棄物)(organic waste)
(水分調整材)(moisture adjustment material)
米糠、粉碎稻殼 650KgRice bran, crushed rice husk 650Kg
(發酵用菌體)(fermentation bacteria)
內城土壤菌 265gInner city soil bacteria 265g
(處理條件)(processing conditions)
(結果)(result)
所生成的製品為水份量為15%以下的粗粉,不會產生惡臭而能應用作為肥料或飼料的原料。The resulting product is a coarse powder having a moisture content of 15% or less, and can be used as a raw material for fertilizer or feed without causing malodor.
以上藉由本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置,將主燃燒器的燃燒氣體利用作為處理槽的外部加熱,而藉由熱交換器所加熱的外氣,循環於處理槽內使用於有機廢棄物的發酵處理。而從在處理槽內發酵處理的有機廢棄物產生的臭氣氣體,連同在處理槽內循環被加熱的外氣一起再次被利用為主燃燒器的燃燒用氣體,當主燃燒器燃燒時能除臭。並且可藉由三向閥變更燃燒用氣體的流路,即使在主燃燒 器熄火後,也能藉由洗滌裝置將包含燃燒用氣體所含有的臭氣之氣體予以除臭。而在本實施例雖然使用三向閥來控制臭氣氣體的流路,而也可以使用例如四向閥或五向閥來切換流路。而在有機性廢棄物的發酵處理雖然使用複合土壤菌也就是內城土壤菌,而並沒有限定,只要是生化菌都可以。而在未脫離該主旨的範圍內可進行各種變更方式。According to the organic waste treatment apparatus of the present invention, the combustion gas of the main burner is used as the external heating of the treatment tank, and the external air heated by the heat exchanger is circulated in the treatment tank for use in the organic waste. Fermentation treatment. The odor gas generated from the organic waste fermented in the treatment tank is reused as the combustion gas of the main burner together with the external air heated in the treatment tank, and can be removed when the main burner is burned. smelly. And the flow path of the combustion gas can be changed by the three-way valve even in the main combustion After the flame is extinguished, the gas containing the odor contained in the combustion gas can also be deodorized by the washing device. In the present embodiment, although the three-way valve is used to control the flow path of the odor gas, the flow path may be switched using, for example, a four-way valve or a five-way valve. In the fermentation treatment of organic waste, although the composite soil bacteria is used as the inner city soil bacteria, it is not limited, as long as it is a biochemical bacteria. Various modifications can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1‧‧‧有機性廢棄物處理裝置1‧‧‧Organic waste treatment plant
2‧‧‧處理槽2‧‧‧Processing tank
3‧‧‧熱交換器3‧‧‧ heat exchanger
3a‧‧‧中央筒狀體3a‧‧‧Central cylindrical body
3b‧‧‧外側筒狀體3b‧‧‧Outer cylindrical body
4‧‧‧燃燒爐4‧‧‧ burning furnace
5‧‧‧燃燒用氣體供給部5‧‧‧Combustion gas supply unit
6‧‧‧投入口6‧‧‧ Input
7‧‧‧貫穿軸7‧‧‧through shaft
8‧‧‧驅動馬達8‧‧‧Drive motor
9‧‧‧套管部9‧‧‧ casing department
10‧‧‧排出口10‧‧‧Export
11‧‧‧外氣導入風扇11‧‧‧External air introduction fan
12‧‧‧循環鼓風機12‧‧‧Circular blower
13‧‧‧導燃器13‧‧‧Inflammable burner
14‧‧‧主燃燒器14‧‧‧Main burner
15‧‧‧排氣風扇15‧‧‧Exhaust fan
16‧‧‧三向閥16‧‧‧Three-way valve
17‧‧‧洗滌裝置17‧‧‧Washing device
18‧‧‧配管18‧‧‧Pipe
19‧‧‧主體19‧‧‧ Subject
20‧‧‧筒狀體20‧‧‧Cylinder
21‧‧‧木炭21‧‧‧ charcoal
22‧‧‧連結管22‧‧‧Connected tube
23‧‧‧轉動傳達軸23‧‧‧Rotating transmission axis
24‧‧‧套管排氣風扇24‧‧‧ casing exhaust fan
第1圖是顯示本發明的有機性廢棄物處理裝置的一實施例的正視說明圖。Fig. 1 is a front elevational view showing an embodiment of the organic waste treating apparatus of the present invention.
第2圖為第1圖的俯視說明圖。Fig. 2 is a plan explanatory view of Fig. 1.
第3圖為從第2圖的A-A線方向觀察的說明圖。Fig. 3 is an explanatory view as seen from the direction of line A-A of Fig. 2;
第4圖為從第2圖的B-B線方向觀察的說明圖。Fig. 4 is an explanatory view as seen from the direction of line B-B of Fig. 2;
第5圖為洗滌裝置的說明圖。Fig. 5 is an explanatory view of the washing apparatus.
第6圖為筒狀體的說明圖。Fig. 6 is an explanatory view of a cylindrical body.
第7圖是顯示氣體流路的流程圖。Figure 7 is a flow chart showing the gas flow path.
1‧‧‧有機性廢棄物處理裝置1‧‧‧Organic waste treatment plant
2‧‧‧處理槽2‧‧‧Processing tank
3‧‧‧熱交換器3‧‧‧ heat exchanger
4‧‧‧燃燒爐4‧‧‧ burning furnace
5‧‧‧燃燒用氣體供給部5‧‧‧Combustion gas supply unit
6‧‧‧投入口6‧‧‧ Input
7‧‧‧貫穿軸7‧‧‧through shaft
8‧‧‧驅動馬達8‧‧‧Drive motor
10‧‧‧排出口10‧‧‧Export
12‧‧‧循環鼓風機12‧‧‧Circular blower
16‧‧‧三向閥16‧‧‧Three-way valve

Claims (1)

  1. 一種有機性廢棄物處理裝置,係在處理槽藉由發酵用菌體對有機性廢棄物進行物發酵分解處理,再將含有在處理槽內所產生的臭氣之氣體供給至燃燒爐使其燃燒來除臭,並且將在前述燃燒爐所產生的燃燒氣體供給至處理槽的外裝部來對處理槽進行加熱之有機性廢棄物處理裝置,其特徵為:具備有:多孔質吸附材;筒狀體,收容有該多孔質吸附材且表面形成為網眼狀;驅動機構,使複數的該筒狀體連動而朝周方向轉動;洗滌裝置,具有將洗淨水朝前述筒狀體進行灑水的噴霧裝置;以及三向閥,用以將含有前述臭氧的氣體之輸送路徑切換至前述燃燒爐或前述洗滌裝置,當前述燃燒爐的燃燒停止時切換輸送路徑。 An organic waste treatment device is characterized in that a fermentation waste is treated by a fermentation cell in a treatment tank, and a gas containing an odor generated in the treatment tank is supplied to a combustion furnace to be combusted. An organic waste treatment device that deodorizes and supplies a combustion gas generated in the combustion furnace to an exterior portion of the treatment tank to heat the treatment tank, and is characterized in that: a porous adsorption material; The porous body adsorbing material and having a surface formed in a mesh shape; and a driving mechanism that rotates the plurality of cylindrical bodies in a circumferential direction; and the washing device has a washing water sprayed toward the cylindrical body a water spraying device; and a three-way valve for switching a conveying path of the gas containing the ozone to the combustion furnace or the washing device, and switching the conveying path when combustion of the combustion furnace is stopped.
TW101124425A 2011-07-08 2012-07-06 Organic waste treatment equipment TWI495520B (en)

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WO2013008690A1 (en) 2013-01-17
JP2013017926A (en) 2013-01-31

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