JP4912691B2 - Wall greening system - Google Patents

Wall greening system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4912691B2
JP4912691B2 JP2006043633A JP2006043633A JP4912691B2 JP 4912691 B2 JP4912691 B2 JP 4912691B2 JP 2006043633 A JP2006043633 A JP 2006043633A JP 2006043633 A JP2006043633 A JP 2006043633A JP 4912691 B2 JP4912691 B2 JP 4912691B2
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Prior art keywords
greening
unit
frame
eaves
vertical
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JP2007222015A (en
Inventor
健二 中村
照久 森下
一徳 藤井
守 那須
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みのる産業株式会社
清水建設株式会社
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Priority to JP2006043633A priority Critical patent/JP4912691B2/en
Priority claimed from PCT/JP2006/311866 external-priority patent/WO2006134938A1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/025Containers and elements for greening walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/12Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements of metal or with an outer layer of metal or enameled metal
    • E04F13/126Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements of metal or with an outer layer of metal or enameled metal with an outer layer of wire mesh, wire grid or the like, e.g. gabions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

Description

  The present invention relates to a wall surface greening system for greening a wall surface of a structure.

  Conventionally, wall greening has been carried out to plant the walls of buildings and civil engineering structures (structures) for the purpose of alleviating the heat island phenomenon in urban areas, absorbing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and creating amenity spaces. Yes.

  In this type of wall surface greening system, for example, as disclosed in Patent Document 1, a plurality of planting units (greening units) that are formed in a pipe shape, in which soil is housed and planted are provided. , A suspension member that suspends a plurality of planting units horizontally while leaving a predetermined interval in the vertical direction, a wire connected to the uppermost planting unit, and a wire provided on the roof of the building There exists what comprised the raising / lowering apparatus which raises / lowers a planting unit along the wall surface of a building by drawing out and winding-up.

  In this wall surface greening system, it is possible to cover the wall surface of the building with the plants of the planting units arranged in the vertical direction so as to perform greening. In addition, in this wall greening system, a wire is drawn out from a lifting device and hung on the ground, and one planting unit is attached to the lower end of the wire. By connecting the planting units with the suspension members and sequentially connecting the planting units in this way, a plurality of planting units can be installed along the wall surface of the building. On the other hand, a plurality of planting units can be removed by sequentially feeding out the wires and removing them sequentially from the lower planting unit, and installing or removing the planting unit without using a temporary scaffold or gondola Can do.

  On the other hand, for example, as shown in Patent Document 2, a frame frame including a plurality of rectangular boxes, and a plurality of boxes of the frame frame, which is composed of upper and lower horizontal frame members, left and right rigid frame members, a partition frame member, and a bottom plate. There is a wall greening system (greening panel) configured with a planting base (cultivating base) housed in. In this wall greening system, a plurality of blankets are attached to a frame frame, and the frame frame is supported on the building by fixing the blanket to the wall surface of the building with an anchor bolt. The wall surface can be greened by the plant vegetated on the planting base in the box.

Furthermore, for example, as shown in Patent Document 3, a plurality of arms protruding from the outer wall of the building, a plurality of frame materials supported by these arms, a net stretched over the frame materials, and a lower end side of the frame materials There is a wall greening system consisting of a plurality of planters placed on the ground along the outer periphery of the building. In this wall greening system, the plants planted in the planting soil in the planter are the ivy of deciduous vines, and this ivy grows while being supported by the net and frame material provided above, It becomes possible to green the wall of the object.
JP 2004-248550 A JP 2002-95347 A JP 2002-34350 A

  However, in the wall surface greening system disclosed in Patent Document 1, it is possible to easily install and remove a plurality of planting units with the lifting device and the wire, but on the other hand, the wire is fed by the lifting device provided on the rooftop. It is preferable to hang a plurality of planting units in a vertical direction along the wall surface of the building, and to improve the aesthetic appearance by greening any position on the wall surface of the building. There was a problem that the degree of freedom in design was low.

  Moreover, in the wall surface greening system disclosed by patent document 2, since it is equipped with the frame frame formed comparatively firmly for accommodating a planting base | substrate, there exists a problem that the cost concerning greening is high. . Moreover, since this frame frame is fixed to the wall surface of the building with anchor bolts, for example, the building wall surface greening system such as repainting the wall surface of the building or replacing the planting base housed in the box of the frame frame There was a problem that it was not possible to respond flexibly to maintenance.

  Furthermore, in the wall surface greening system disclosed in Patent Document 3, since the ivy plant is grown on an upper net provided so as to cover the wall surface of the building from the planter provided on the ground, greening is performed. There is a limit to the number of plants to apply, and there is a problem that the degree of freedom in selecting plants is low and the degree of freedom in design is also limited as in Patent Document 1.

  In view of the above circumstances, the present invention has an object to provide a wall surface greening system that can perform greening at any position on the wall surface of a structure, has excellent design flexibility, and can flexibly handle maintenance. And

  In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following means.

The wall surface greening system of the present invention is for installing a greening unit including a cultivated soil base to be planted and a frame member for holding the cultivated soil base along the wall surface of the structure to green the structure. A wall greening system, wherein a plurality of eaves members having a substantially concave cross section are each extended in a substantially horizontal direction with the opening side facing upward, and with a predetermined interval in the vertical direction, is supported on the wall, together with the greening unit is installed between the pair of the gutter member to which the frame member adjacent the rotatably supported by the vertically detachably attached to the gutter member and installing the planting unit In the state, the lower end side of the greening unit is inserted into the inside of the eaves member positioned below through the opening .

In the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the frame member includes a plurality of vertical members extending in the vertical direction and a plurality of horizontal members extending in the horizontal direction, and is formed in a lattice shape and a bowl shape, It is desirable that the greening unit is formed by being held while being inserted into the frame member formed in the bowl shape .

Furthermore, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, it is more preferable that the eaves member is provided with a wall that extends upward from the bottom plate portion of the eaves member and partially cuts off the opening .

  Furthermore, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, it is more desirable that the culture base is one in which at least a foam and a heat-fusible fiber are mixed and heat-treated and solidified.

  Further, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the ridge member is provided with a support member that protrudes outward from the outer surface, and at least a part of the frame member is above the upper end of the cultivation base in the greening unit. A hooking part formed so as to protrude may be provided, and the greening unit may be supported by the eaves member by hooking the hooking part to the support member.

  Furthermore, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the greening unit is provided with a hooking portion in which at least a part of the frame member protrudes upward from the upper end of the soil foundation and is formed in a bowl shape, The greening unit may be supported by the hook member by hooking a hook-shaped hooking portion on the upper end side that defines the opening of the hook member.

  In the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the eaves member that removably supports the frame member has a substantially concave cross section, extends in the horizontal direction, is supported by the wall surface of the structure, and has a predetermined interval in the vertical direction. Thus, the greening unit can be installed at an arbitrary position of the extending eaves member, and the degree of freedom of design for greening the wall surface of the structure can be increased. In addition, since the greening unit can be attached and detached, individual greening units can be maintained individually, and even when the wall surface of a structure is repainted, it is possible to easily remove the greening unit and respond flexibly. become. Furthermore, since the greening unit can be installed along the wall surface of the structure, the degree of freedom in selecting plants can be increased.

  Moreover, since it is a simple structure which consists of an eaves member and a greening unit, it becomes possible to reduce the cost concerning greening.

  Further, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the greening unit is supported by the dredging member, and the lower end side of the greening unit is inserted into the dredging member located below, so that the greening unit of the greening unit can be used as a soil foundation. When irrigated, the water discharged from the lower end of the soil base can be retained to some extent by the lower dredge member and the lower end side of the soil base inserted into this dredging member, thereby reducing the frequency of irrigation Is possible.

Furthermore, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the frame member is formed in a lattice shape and a bowl shape, and the culture base is inserted and held therein, so that the culture base is securely held by the frame member. Is possible.
Further, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the dredging member is formed with a wall extending upward from the bottom plate portion and partially closing the opening portion, so that water is not retained and discharged from the lower end side of the soil cultivation base. The surplus water can be received by the eaves member, and the surplus water can be stored by the wall that partially cuts the opening. Thereby, since a drainage function and a water retention function can be provided by providing a dredging member, it is possible to prevent plant growth inhibition and to reduce the irrigation frequency.

  In addition, the soil base is formed by mixing foam and heat-fusible fibers and solidified by heat treatment, so the soil base can be reduced in weight, and the frame member that holds this base can be simplified. Can be made. This makes it possible to reduce the weight of the greening unit, so that the load on the structure can be reduced, and the installation and removal of the greening unit can be facilitated. It becomes possible to improve.

  Furthermore, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, a support member is provided on the eaves member, and a hooking portion that can be hooked on the support member to support the greening unit is provided on the frame member of the greening unit. Accordingly, the greening unit can be installed by a simple operation of hooking the hook portion on the support member, and the greening unit can be easily attached and detached. Further, by providing a plurality of support members on the eaves member, the greening unit can be easily arranged at an arbitrary position of the eaves member, and the degree of freedom in design can be increased.

  Further, in the wall surface greening system of the present invention, the hooking portion formed in a hook shape is provided on the frame member, so that the greening can be performed by a simple operation of hooking the hooking portion on the upper end side that defines the opening of the hook member. The unit can be installed, and the greening unit can be easily attached and detached.

  Hereinafter, a wall surface greening system according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. This embodiment relates to a wall surface greening system for greening an outer surface and an inner wall surface of a structure such as a building or a civil engineering structure.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 to 4, the wall surface greening system A of the present embodiment is supported while being fixed to the wall surface T <b> 1 of the structure T, and has a plurality of ridges arranged in parallel at predetermined intervals in the vertical direction. A plurality of greening units 2 arranged between the member 1 and a pair of vertical members 1 that are supported by the vertical member 1 and are adjacent to each other in the vertical direction, and an irrigation tube disposed between the vertical member 1 and the greening unit 2 ( The irrigation member 3) is the main component.

  The eaves member 1 is a channel such as a C-shaped channel, which is formed to have a substantially concave cross section. And the eaves member 1 made the outer surface of one side wall part 1b in the state which orient | assigned the opening part 1a side upwards, and was made to surface-contact with the wall surface T1 of the structure T among a pair of opposing side wall parts 1b and 1c In the state, for example, one side wall portion 1b is fixed to the wall surface T1 using an anchor bolt or the like. In addition, the plurality of eaves members 1 are respectively installed in the horizontal direction so that the extending directions of the eaves members 1 are parallel to each other. Furthermore, in this embodiment, on the outer surface side of the other side wall portion 1c facing the one side wall portion 1b of the flange member 1, that is, the outer surface of the side wall portion 1c located outside the wall surface T1 of the structure T. On the side, a plurality of support members 4 such as screws are provided so as to protrude outward from the outer surface.

  The tree planting unit 2 includes four cultivating bases 5 on which planting is performed and a frame member 6 that holds the four cultivating bases 5. In this embodiment, each cultivating base 5 is formed in a substantially square flat plate shape having a side length of, for example, 580 mm and a thickness smaller than the side length, and is an inorganic foam (foam) such as perlite. And heat-fusible fiber are mixed and solidified by heat treatment. In addition, the soil foundation 5 has a three-dimensional network structure formed by adhesion between heat-fusible fibers or adhesion between the fibers and the foam, and the solidified shape can be suitably retained. It is not necessary to cover the surroundings with a frame material or a bag for maintaining the safety. That is, even when the greening unit 2 is installed on the wall surface T1 of the structure T and the cultivation base 5 is exposed to wind and rain, the cultivation base 5 can maintain its shape. In addition, the soil base 5 has a weight reduction per unit volume of the inorganic foam as a main component of, for example, 0.5 kg / liter or less, so that it can be reduced in weight and has an appropriate water retention capacity for plant growth. It is supposed to have drainage.

  Here, the plant planted on the cultivation base 5 is preferably moss, sedum, vine, etc., but is not particularly limited. Moreover, the method of planting a plant on the soil foundation 5 is to sow the plant directly on the soil foundation 5 and grow the plant, for example, by providing a recess in the soil foundation 5 in advance and planting a pot seedling in this recess. Also good.

  The frame member 6 includes, for example, a plurality of vertical members 6a made of stainless steel wire and extending in the vertical direction, and a plurality of horizontal members 6b extending in the horizontal direction, and is substantially U-shaped in a side view while exhibiting a lattice shape. It is formed in a bowl shape. In addition, the bowl-shaped frame member 6 is formed to have a substantially rectangular shape in a plan view from the outside in the direction opposite to the wall surface T1 in the state of being installed on the wall surface T1 of the structure T, and a large gap is formed in the bowl-shaped interior. The size is such that it is possible to insert and hold four approximately square flat plate-shaped soil bases 5 without generating them. In addition, two vertical members (a pair of vertical members) positioned on each side of both ends in the horizontal direction among the vertical members 6a constituting the one surface 6c positioned on the outer side in a state of being installed on the wall surface T1 of the structure T. ) 6d protrudes above the upper end 5a of the inserted soil base 5 and is connected to the leading end side in the protruding direction. In the present embodiment, a portion protruding above and connected to the pair of vertical members 6d is the hooking portion 6e.

  The tree planting unit 2 composed of the four soil bases 5 and the frame members 6 configured as described above has two soil bases 5 in the vertical direction and two in the horizontal direction inside the bowl-shaped frame member 6. They are inserted so that they are lined up without gaps, and are stably held by the frame member 6. In addition, the greening unit 2 is installed in a suspended state with the hooking portion 6 e of the frame member 6 being hooked on the support member 4 provided on the eaves member 1. That is, in this embodiment, the greening unit 2 is supported detachably by hooking the hook 6e on the screw (supporting member 4) of the other side wall 1c of the heel member 1 positioned above, The greening unit 2 installed in this way covers the wall surface T1 of the structure T located between the upper heel member 1 and the lower heel member 1. At this time, the lower end 2a side of the greening unit 2 is inserted into the eaves member 1 positioned below through the opening 1a. The lower end 2a side is supported by the lower flange member 1 and is installed so as to cover the wall surface T1 of the structure T in a stable state. Further, in the present embodiment, a plurality of such greening units 2 are arranged in the vertical direction or the horizontal direction along the wall surface T1 of the structure T so as to cover a predetermined range of the wall surface T1 of the structure T. Has been.

On the other hand, the irrigation tube 3 is a drip tube in which, for example, a plurality of holes for supplying water flowing through the tube to the outside are formed at predetermined intervals. In addition, the irrigation tube 3 is disposed in a horizontal direction between the upper end 5 a of the cultivation base 5 of the greening unit 2 and the upper dredge member 1 that supports the greening unit 2. The irrigation tube 3 is connected to a water storage tank (not shown) for storing water such as tap water and rain water, and a pump for supplying water in the water storage tank to the irrigation tube. In addition, liquid fertilizer is mixed in the water supplied to the irrigation tube 3 , for example, by supplying liquid fertilizer (liquid fertilizer) into the water storage tank.

  Subsequently, the construction method of the wall surface greening system A having the above-described configuration will be described, and the operation and effect of the wall surface greening system A of the present embodiment will be described.

  First, at the stage where the plurality of eaves members 1 are installed on the wall surface T1 of the structure T, the greening unit 2 is installed at an arbitrary position of the eaves member 1 according to the design for greening the wall surface T1. At this time, it is simple that the hook 6e of the frame member 6 is hooked on the support member 4 corresponding to the position where the greening unit 2 is installed among the plurality of support members 4 provided on the other side wall 1c of the flange member 1. The greening unit 2 is installed with a simple operation. In addition, the soil base 5 of the greening unit 2 is formed with an inorganic foam as a main component, and the frame member 6 that holds the soil base 5 is formed in a lattice-like cage shape made of steel wire. The greening unit 2 is reduced in weight and can be easily installed. Next, the irrigation tube 3 is installed at the stage where a plurality of the greening units 2 are simply installed in the portion corresponding to the greening design of the wall surface T1 as described above. At this time, the irrigation tube 3 is installed by a simple operation of guiding through the upper end 5a of the soil cultivation base 5 of the greening unit 2 and the upper saddle member 1 supporting the greening unit 2. In this manner, the wall greening of the structure T is completed at the stage where the irrigation tube 3 is installed.

  In the wall greening system A of the present embodiment constructed as described above, when irrigating the plant planted on the cultivation base 5, the pump is driven by a timer or manually, and the liquid fertilizer in the water tank is The contained water flows through the irrigation tube 3. And when this water dripped from the several hole of the irrigation tube 3, water and liquid fertilizer are supplied from the upper end 5a side of the cultivation base 5 of the greening unit 2 located below. Here, the water supplied from the upper end 5a side of the cultivation base 5 in this way is supplied from the upper end 5a of the cultivation base 5 to the lower end (lower end 2a of the greening unit 2), and surplus that is not retained by the cultivation base 5 Water is discharged from the lower end 2a. In the conventional wall surface greening system, surplus water discharged from the upper greening unit 2 is supplied to the lower greening unit 2 that has already been irrigated, and the amount of irrigation to the greening unit 2 disposed below Moreover, there was a problem that the amount of fertilization and the amount of fertilizer increased so much that root rot and diseases were likely to occur in plants. Moreover, in order to prevent the occurrence of such root rot and disease, if the frequency of irrigation is reduced or the amount of irrigation at one time is reduced, the plant may die.

  On the other hand, in this embodiment, since the lower end 2a side of each greening unit 2 is inserted into the lower eaves member 1 having a substantially concave cross section, excess water discharged from the lower end 2a of the greening unit 2 is It is received by the member 1, flows through the flange member 1, and is discharged to the outside from the opening portion on the end side in the extending direction of the flange member 1. Thereby, excessive irrigation is not supplied to the greening unit 2 arranged below the wall surface T1 of the structure T, and occurrence of root rot and disease caused by irrigation is prevented.

  Further, for example, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, a wall 1 e extending upward from the bottom plate portion of the flange member 1 and partially closing the opening is provided on both ends 1 d in the extending direction of the flange member 1. The excess water W discharged from the lower end 2a side of the greening unit 2 is stored in the eaves member 1 at a water level in the height range of the wall 1e. Furthermore, surplus water W discharged from the lower end 2a side of the greening unit 2 at a water level exceeding the height range of the wall 1e overflows from the upper end 1f of the wall 1e and is discharged outside. Thereby, in the wall surface greening system A of this embodiment, the surplus water W was stored by the amount corresponding to the height of the wall 1e in the gutter member 1, and was stored in the greening unit 2 in which the lower end 2a side was inserted. The surplus water W can be supplied again. At this time, since the amount of water stored in the eaves member 1 is an amount corresponding to the height of the wall 1e, the excess water W is excessively supplied to the greening unit 2 by appropriately adjusting the height of the wall 1e. Root rotting and disease will not occur in the plant.

  On the other hand, in the wall surface greening system A of the present embodiment, for example, when it is desired to change the greening design of the wall surface T1 of the structure T, the greening unit 2 is installed with the hook 6e hooked on the support member 4 of the eaves member 1, and Since it is lightweight, it can be easily removed as with installation. Then, after removing the planting unit 2 as it is or after replanting the planted plant with another plant, the hooking unit 6e is hooked on the support member 4 of the eaves member 1 at the position corresponding to the changed design. By re-installing 2, the design can be changed easily. In addition, when the wall surface T1 of the structure T is repainted or the greening unit 2 whose plant has withered is replaced, all the greening units 2 and some of the greening units 2 can be easily detached as described above. Can respond.

  That is, in the wall surface greening system A of the present embodiment, the greening unit 2 can be installed by hooking the hook 6e on the support member 4, and a plurality of the support members 4 are provided on the eaves member 1. As shown in FIG. 7, the entire surface of the wall T1 of the structure T can be covered with the greening unit 2 and, for example, as shown in FIG. By doing so, the wall surface T1 can be greened with a line-shaped design, or by installing the greening unit 2 as shown in FIG. 9, for example, characters can be drawn on the wall surface T1 and greened. Therefore, in the wall surface greening system A of the present embodiment, since the greening unit 2 can be simply arranged at an arbitrary position of the eaves member 1, it is possible to increase the degree of freedom in design. It is possible to respond flexibly to changes in greening design as well as design during construction.

  Therefore, according to the wall surface greening system A of the present embodiment, the greening unit 2 can be easily attached to and detached from any position of the eaves member 1 installed on the wall surface T1 of the structure T. Since the irrigation tube 3 to be irrigated can also be easily installed, it is possible to improve the workability and increase the degree of freedom of the greening design. In addition, it is possible to easily perform maintenance of the green structure T and the wall surface greening system A itself.

  At this time, since the greening unit 2 can be installed on the support member 4 of the eaves member 1 by a simple operation of hooking the hook portion 6e, the greening unit 2 can be attached and detached reliably and easily. The installation position of the greening unit 2 can be freely selected simply by providing the support member 4 on the eaves member 1. As a result, the degree of freedom in design can be increased reliably and simply.

  Furthermore, by arranging the eaves members 1 in the vertical direction, the greening unit 2 can be disposed between a pair of eaves members 1 adjacent in the vertical direction, and the plurality of greening units 2 are arranged on the wall surface T1 of the structure T. Can be installed side by side in the vertical and horizontal directions, for example, the plant used for the greening of the wall T1 is a vine, compared to the conventional greening system configured to grow the vines from the ground and cover the wall T1. It is not necessary to limit to plants, and it is possible to increase the degree of freedom in selecting plants used for greening.

  In addition, since the greening unit 2 is composed of the cage-shaped frame member 6 made of stainless steel wire and the light-weight soil foundation 5, the soil foundation 5 can be securely held by the frame member 6. Since it is such a simple structure, it is not necessary to provide a strong frame material unlike the conventional wall surface greening system, and it becomes possible to reduce the cost concerning wall surface greening.

  In addition, since the irrigation tube 3 is provided between the soil cultivation base 5 of the greening unit 2 and the dredging member 1, the soil cultivation base 5 can be irrigated from the upper end 5 a side, and water can be reliably supplied to the culture foundation 5. The plant planted on this can be suitably grown. Further, the surplus water W discharged from the lower end 2a side of the soil foundation 5 without being retained can be received by the dredge member 1, and the surplus water W can be stored by providing the wall 1e on the dredge member 1. Become. Thereby, since the drainage function and the water retention function can be provided by providing the dredging member 1, plant growth inhibition can be prevented and the irrigation frequency can be reduced.

  As mentioned above, although embodiment of the wall surface greening system A which concerns on this invention was described, this invention is not limited to said one Embodiment, In the range which does not deviate from the meaning, it can change suitably. For example, in the present embodiment, the eaves member 1 has been described as being a channel such as a C-shaped channel. However, as long as it is formed to have a substantially concave cross section, it is not necessary to limit the shape. For example, it may exhibit a circular arc shape in cross section.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the frame member 6 of the greening unit 2 is provided with a hook portion 6e formed by connecting the ends of the pair of vertical members 6d, and supports such as screws protruding from the side wall portion 1c of the eaves member 1 The member 4 is provided, and the greening unit 2 can be detachably supported by the eaves member 1 by hooking the hooking portion 6e on the support member 4 to be hooked, but as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, The hooking portion 10 may be formed in a hook shape, and the greening unit 2 may be supported by the hook member 1 by hooking the hooking portion 10 on the upper end 1g side of the side wall portion 1c. In this case, the greening unit 2 can be installed more easily than the hooking portion 6e of the present embodiment hooked to the support member 4, and the hooking portion 6e is hooked anywhere on the side wall portion 1c of the eaves member 1 extending in the horizontal direction. Since the portion 10 can be hooked, the degree of freedom in design can be further increased.

  In addition to this, as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the hooked hook portion 10 is installed so as to be covered from the outside, and the side wall portion 1 c positioned between the hooking portions 10 is sandwiched with the setting. You may provide the fixing member 11 which presses the hook part 10 from the outer side so that it may do. In this case, the hooking part 10 and the eaves member 1 can be firmly fixed, and the greening unit 2 can be installed more stably.

It is a figure which shows the wall surface greening system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 2 is a view taken along line XX in FIG. 1. It is an enlarged view of the greening unit in the wall surface greening system shown in FIG. FIG. 4 is a view taken along line XX in FIG. 3. It is a figure which shows the water storage state of the eaves member in the wall surface greening system shown in FIG. FIG. 6 is a view taken along line XX in FIG. 5. In the wall surface greening system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention, it is a figure which shows the state which installed the greening unit so that the wall surface whole surface of a structure might be covered. In the wall surface greening system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention, it is a figure which shows the state which installed the greening unit in the line shape on the wall surface of a structure. In the wall surface greening system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention, it is a figure which shows the state which installed the greening unit in the character form on the wall surface of a structure. It is the figure which showed the modification of the structure which supports a greening unit with the collar member of the wall surface greening system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a XX arrow directional view of FIG.

Explanation of symbols

1 樋 member 2 greening unit 2a lower end 3 irrigation tube (irrigation member)
4 Support members (screws)
Reference Signs List 5 Culture base 5a Upper end 6 Frame member 6a Vertical member 6b Horizontal member 6d Pair of vertical members 6e Hook 10 Hook 11 Fixing member A Wall greening system T

Claims (6)

  1. A wall planting system for installing a planting base to be planted and a planting unit including a frame member for holding the planting base along the wall surface of the structure to green the structure,
    A plurality of eaves members having a substantially concave cross section are extended in a substantially horizontal direction with the opening side facing upward, and are supported on the wall surface of the structure with a predetermined interval in the vertical direction, The greening unit is installed between a pair of vertical members adjacent to the vertical direction and the frame member is detachably supported by the vertical member, and the greening unit is installed in a state where the greening unit is installed. A wall surface greening system, wherein a lower end side is inserted through the opening into the inside of the eaves member positioned below .
  2. The wall surface greening system according to claim 1,
    The frame member includes a plurality of vertical members extending in the vertical direction and a plurality of horizontal members extending in the horizontal direction, and is formed in a lattice shape in a bowl shape, and the soil base is formed in the bowl shape. A wall surface greening system, wherein the greening unit is formed while being inserted and held therein .
  3. In the wall surface greening system according to claim 1 or claim 2,
    The wall surface greening system , wherein the flange member is formed with a wall extending upward from a bottom plate portion of the flange member and partially closing the opening .
  4. In the wall surface greening system in any one of Claims 1-3 ,
    A wall greening system, wherein the soil base is a mixture of at least a foam and a heat-fusible fiber and heat-treated and solidified.
  5. In the wall surface greening system in any one of Claims 1-4 ,
    The saddle member is provided with a support member that protrudes outward from the outer surface, and the greening unit is provided with a hooking portion that is formed so that at least a part of the frame member protrudes upward from the upper end of the soil foundation. The wall greening system is characterized in that the greening unit is supported by the eaves member by the hooking portion being hooked on the support member.
  6. In the wall surface greening system in any one of Claims 1-4 ,
    The greening unit is provided with a hooking portion in which at least a part of the frame member protrudes upward from the upper end of the cultivation base and is formed in a hook shape, and the hook-like hooking portion is provided with the hook member. The wall greening system is characterized in that the greening unit is supported by the eaves member by being hooked on the upper end side that defines the opening of the wall.
JP2006043633A 2006-02-21 2006-02-21 Wall greening system Active JP4912691B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006043633A JP4912691B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2006-02-21 Wall greening system
PCT/JP2006/311866 WO2006134938A1 (en) 2005-06-13 2006-06-13 Wall surface greening system for building

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB0710691D0 (en) * 2007-06-05 2007-07-11 Churchman Christopher Self watering, cellular green wall system
HK1134207A2 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-04-16 Kwok Kei Law Apparatuses and systems for cultivating plant
ES2334968B2 (en) * 2009-10-08 2010-10-28 Universidad Politecnica De Madrid Protective closure for facades of buildings.
US9655308B2 (en) * 2010-02-05 2017-05-23 Hortech, Inc. Wall planting system
JP5957676B2 (en) * 2010-12-20 2016-07-27 株式会社ノザワ Tree planting base and manufacturing method thereof
JP5900886B2 (en) * 2012-03-21 2016-04-06 清水建設株式会社 Wall greening unit
JP6166571B2 (en) * 2013-03-29 2017-07-19 株式会社サカタのタネ Wall greening equipment
JP6190797B2 (en) * 2014-11-19 2017-08-30 株式会社岩や Wall greening panel and wall greening equipment
KR101625215B1 (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-07 주식회사 이지건축 a finishing materials of architectural interior

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JP2762341B2 (en) * 1994-04-05 1998-06-04 建設省近畿地方建設局長 Planting unit shelves for greening
JP4299943B2 (en) * 1999-05-21 2009-07-22 日光化成株式会社 Artificial soil molding for greening of buildings and panels for wall greening
JP2005102578A (en) * 2003-09-30 2005-04-21 Kuraray Co Ltd Greening material and method for producing the same

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