JP4410142B2 - Compound lathe - Google Patents

Compound lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4410142B2
JP4410142B2 JP2005125018A JP2005125018A JP4410142B2 JP 4410142 B2 JP4410142 B2 JP 4410142B2 JP 2005125018 A JP2005125018 A JP 2005125018A JP 2005125018 A JP2005125018 A JP 2005125018A JP 4410142 B2 JP4410142 B2 JP 4410142B2
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Prior art keywords
axis
spindle
tool
tool post
support
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JP2005125018A
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JP2006297561A (en
Inventor
耕 徳間
和彦 松本
幸永 笹澤
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株式会社森精機製作所
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Priority to JP2005125018A priority Critical patent/JP4410142B2/en
Priority claimed from DE200610015078 external-priority patent/DE102006015078B4/en
Priority claimed from DE200610015101 external-priority patent/DE102006015101B4/en
Publication of JP2006297561A publication Critical patent/JP2006297561A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q39/00Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation
    • B23Q39/02Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation the sub-assemblies being capable of being brought to act at a single operating station
    • B23Q39/021Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation the sub-assemblies being capable of being brought to act at a single operating station with a plurality of toolheads per workholder, whereby the toolhead is a main spindle, a multispindle, a revolver or the like
    • B23Q39/025Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation the sub-assemblies being capable of being brought to act at a single operating station with a plurality of toolheads per workholder, whereby the toolhead is a main spindle, a multispindle, a revolver or the like with different working directions of toolheads on same workholder
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B3/00General-purpose turning-machines or devices, e.g. centre lathes with feed rod and lead screw; Sets of turning-machines
    • B23B3/06Turning-machines or devices characterised only by the special arrangement of constructional units
    • B23B3/065Arrangements for performing other machining operations, e.g. milling, drilling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B3/00General-purpose turning-machines or devices, e.g. centre lathes with feed rod and lead screw; Sets of turning-machines
    • B23B3/16Turret lathes for turning individually-chucked workpieces
    • B23B3/167Turret lathes for turning individually-chucked workpieces lathe with two or more toolslides carrying turrets
    • B23B3/168Arrangements for performing other machining operations, e.g. milling, drilling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/51Plural diverse manufacturing apparatus including means for metal shaping or assembling
    • Y10T29/5104Type of machine
    • Y10T29/5109Lathe
    • Y10T29/5114Lathe and tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T409/00Gear cutting, milling, or planing
    • Y10T409/30Milling
    • Y10T409/304536Milling including means to infeed work to cutter
    • Y10T409/305544Milling including means to infeed work to cutter with work holder
    • Y10T409/305656Milling including means to infeed work to cutter with work holder including means to support work for rotation during operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T409/00Gear cutting, milling, or planing
    • Y10T409/30Milling
    • Y10T409/306664Milling including means to infeed rotary cutter toward work
    • Y10T409/307728Milling including means to infeed rotary cutter toward work including gantry-type cutter-carrier
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • Y10T82/2508Lathe with tool turret
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • Y10T82/2524Multiple
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • Y10T82/2531Carriage feed
    • Y10T82/2541Slide rest
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T82/00Turning
    • Y10T82/25Lathe
    • Y10T82/2566Bed

Description

  The present invention includes first and second headstocks disposed on a bed, a tool rest disposed movably in the X-axis direction between the first and second headstocks, and an X on the bed. The present invention relates to a composite lathe provided with a third main shaft arranged to be movable in the direction of the shaft, the Y axis, and the Z axis.

  As this type of compound lathe, for example, a headstock is arranged on a bed, a lower tool post is placed on the lower part of the vertical line passing through the axis of the headstock, and an upper tool rest is placed on the inner upper part in the X-axis and Z-axis directions, respectively. There are things that are arranged to be movable.

This composite lathe employs a structure in which an X-axis guide that supports the upper tool rest to be movable in the X-axis direction and an X-axis guide that supports the lower tool rest in the X-axis direction are arranged on the same plane. (For example, refer to Patent Document 1).
JP-A-6-106438

  By the way, when the upper turret and the lower turret are moved on the same plane as in the conventional lathe, the movement area of the cutting points of the upper and lower turrets is restricted, and the mutual movement is restricted. It is impossible to enter the region, and the workability is limited.

  Here, for example, in order to extend the cutting point of the upper tool rest to a region beyond the cutting point of the lower tool rest, it is necessary to overhang from the X-axis guide surface that supports the upper tool rest in a movable manner. However, in such a case, the support rigidity of the upper tool post tends to be lowered, and the processing accuracy is adversely affected.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described conventional situation, and an object of the present invention is to provide a composite lathe that can be inserted into each other's moving region without reducing the support rigidity of the tool post and can improve workability. Yes.

According to the first aspect of the present invention, a bed, first and second headstocks arranged to be coaxial with each other on the bed, and an X axis (up and down) between the first and second headstocks. In a compound lathe comprising a tool post movably arranged in a direction and a third main spindle arranged movably in the X-axis, Y-axis (front-rear) and Z-axis (left-right) directions on the bed, An XY support plane that supports the tool post parallel to the axis and the Y axis so as to be movable in the X axis direction, and an XZ support that supports the third main axis so as to be movable parallel to the X axis and the Z axis. plane is set to be perpendicular to the, and the above-mentioned tool rest in the X-axis direction of the axis of movement and the XZ supporting plane, are spaced apart in the Y-axis direction, the third principal axis of the first headstock In the state of machining the shortest workpiece gripped on the X axis, the X axis direction movement axis of the third main spindle and the X The slide surface of the X-axis direction guide rail of the tool post is disposed on the XY support plane, and the sliding surface of the X-axis direction guide rail of the third main shaft is separated from the Y support plane in the Z-axis direction. The moving surface is arranged on the XZ support plane .

According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect, the cutting point of the tool post is located vertically below a straight line connecting the axes of the first main spindle base and the second main spindle base. The moving area of the cutting point is characterized by extending below the cutting point of the tool post located at the rising end in the X-axis direction.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect, the third main spindle includes a tool main spindle, and the tool main spindle is configured so as to be able to rotate and index around the Y axis.

In the invention of claim 1, the XY support plane that supports the tool post movably in the X-axis direction and the XZ support plane that supports the third main spindle movably in the X-axis direction are arranged so as to be orthogonal , and Since the axis of movement of the turret and the third spindle in the X-axis direction is set away from the XZ support plane and the XY support plane, the movement range of the cutting point of the third spindle is determined without interference between the turret and the third spindle. The cutting point can be extended below the cutting point of the pedestal, and the moving region of the cutting point of the tool post and the moving region of the cutting point of the third main spindle can be brought into each other, thereby improving workability. In this case, since it is not necessary to overhang the tool post and the third spindle, the support rigidity of these tools is not reduced.

In addition , since the XY support plane is parallel to the X axis and the Y axis, and the XZ support plane is parallel to the X axis and the Z axis, the both support planes are orthogonal to each other. It becomes possible.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, the cutting point of the tool rest is positioned vertically below a straight line connecting the axes of the first and second headstocks, and the moving region of the third spindle is positioned at the rising end in the X-axis direction. Since it extends below the cutting point of the table, the tool cutting edge position of the tool post and the tool cutting edge position of the third spindle can be measured with one presetter. As a result, the tool position can be measured with a simple structure and at a low cost.

In the invention of claim 3 , since the tool spindle of the third spindle is supported so as to be able to rotate and index around the Y axis, complicated machining by so-called B-axis drive is possible.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  FIGS. 1 to 18 are views for explaining a composite lathe according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIGS. 1 and 2 are perspective views and right side views of the composite lathe, and FIGS. 3 and 4 are first spindles. FIG. 5 is a front view of a support mechanism for supporting the third spindle, FIG. 6 is a right side view of the first spindle base and the tool rest, and FIGS. c) is a front view showing the operation of the first and second headstock and the tool rest, FIGS. 8 to 11A and 11B are views of the first headstock, and FIG. 12 is the cooling water of the first headstock. FIGS. 13 to 16 are views of the tool post, and FIGS. 17 and 18 are views showing the X-axis and Y-axis direction strokes of the third main spindle. Note that front and rear and left and right in the present embodiment mean front and rear and left and right when viewed from the front of the machine.

  In the figure, reference numeral 1 denotes a composite lathe. This composite lathe 1 has a bed 2, a first spindle stock 3 disposed at the left end portion on the bed 2, and a right side of the first spindle stock 3 when viewed from the front of the machine shown in FIG. Moves in the X-axis (up and down) and Z-axis directions between the second spindle head 4 that is coaxial and movably arranged in the Z-axis (left and right) direction and the first and second spindle heads 3 and 4. A turret 5 that can be disposed, and a third main shaft 6 that is disposed on the bed 2 so as to be movable in the X-axis, Y-axis (front and rear) and Z-axis directions are provided. A tool changer 7 for automatically exchanging the previous process tool and the next process tool mounted on the third main spindle 6 is disposed behind the left end of the bed 2.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the bed 2 has a structure in which a front bed portion 2a and a rear bed portion 2b are integrally cast. The front bed portion 2a is formed with first and second mounting surfaces 2a 'and 2a ", and the rear bed portion 2b is formed with a third mounting surface 2b' which is horizontal in the Z-axis direction and the Y-axis direction. ing.

  With reference to the second mounting surface 2a ″ of the front bed portion 2a, the first mounting surface 2a ′ is positioned higher than the second mounting surface 2a ″, and the third mounting surface of the rear bed portion 2b. 2b 'is formed in a stepped shape so as to be positioned lower than the first mounting surface 2a' and higher than the second mounting surface 2a ".

  The first head stock 3 is mounted on the first mounting surface 2a '. Further, the second spindle stock 4 and the tool post 5 are mounted on the second mounting surface 2a ″ so as to be movable in the Z-axis direction. Further, the third spindle 6 is moved on the third mounting surface 2b ′. A support mechanism 10 that supports the load is mounted.

  The support mechanism 10 is supported by a rectangular frame-like column 11 fixed so as to extend vertically upward to the third mounting surface 2b 'of the rear bed portion 2b, and supported by the front surface of the column 11 so as to be movable in the Z-axis direction. A rectangular frame-shaped saddle 12, a cross slide 13 supported on the front surface of the saddle 12 so as to be movable in the X-axis direction, and supported by the cross slide 13 so as to be movable in the Y-axis direction. And a ram 14 for supporting.

  The column 11 is integrally cast so that the upper and lower ends of the left and right struts 11c and 11d are joined by the upper and lower beam portions 11a and 11b. This column 11 is firmly fixed on the third mounting surface 2b 'of the rear bed portion 2b.

  Similar to the column 11, the saddle 12 is integrally cast so that the upper and lower ends of the left and right struts 12a and 12b are joined by the upper and lower beam portions 12c and 12d. The saddle 12 is supported to be movable in the Z-axis direction by a pair of upper and lower Z-axis guide rails 15 and 15 arranged in parallel to the Z-axis on the front surfaces of the upper and lower beam portions 11a and 11b of the column 11. . Z-axis ball screws 16 and 16 are screwed into nut portions 12e and 12e formed on the upper and lower beam portions 12c and 12d of the saddle 12, respectively. The saddle 12 is reciprocally driven in the Z-axis direction by rotationally driving the Z-axis ball screws 16 and 16 by servo motors 16a and 16a. The Z-axis ball screws 16 and 16 are disposed in front of the upper and lower beam portions 11a and 11b of the column 11 in parallel with the Z-axis.

  The cross slide 13 is formed in the shape of a rectangular thick plate, and is formed by a pair of left and right X-axis guide rails 17 and 17 disposed in front of the left and right strut members 12a and 12b of the saddle 12 in parallel with the X-axis. It is supported so as to be movable in the axial direction. X-axis ball screws 18 and 18 are screwed into nuts formed on the left and right sides of the cross slide. The cross slide is reciprocally driven in the X-axis direction by rotationally driving the X-axis ball screws 18 and 18 by servo motors 18a and 18a. The X-axis ball screws 18 and 18 are disposed parallel to the X-axis on the front surfaces of the left and right struts 12a and 12b of the saddle 12.

  The ram 14 is inserted into a ram guide hole 13a formed in the cross slide 13, and a Y-axis direction is provided by a guide plate (not shown) arranged at a predetermined angular interval on the inner peripheral surface of the ram guide hole 13a. Is supported so as to be movable. A single Y-axis ball screw 21 disposed at the lower center of the cross slide 13 in the width direction is screwed into the nut portion of the ram 14. The ram 14 is reciprocally driven in the Y-axis direction by rotationally driving the Y-axis ball screw 21 by a servo motor.

  The third main shaft 6 is rotatably inserted into the ram 14. A tool spindle 6a is disposed at the tip of the third spindle 6 so that the axis is perpendicular to the Y axis. A tool is attached to the tip of the tool spindle 6a and is rotated by a drive motor 6b. The third main shaft 6 can be rotationally indexed and positioned around the Y axis (B axis) by a built-in rotational indexing mechanism (not shown).

  The front bed portion 2a is formed with a first mounting portion 2d having the first mounting surface 2a ′ formed on the upper surface and the second mounting surface 2a ″ so as to be positioned lower than the first mounting surface 2a ′. Second mounting portion 2e.

  A recess 2f is formed in the first mounting portion 2d so as to be continuous with the second mounting surface 2a ″, and the bottom surface of the recess 2f is flush with the second mounting surface 2a ″. Thereby, when viewed from above, the first mounting surface 2a 'has a U-shape.

  Further, a center trough 2c is recessed at the center in the front-rear direction of the second mounting surface 2a ″ of the front bed portion 2a so as to form a groove that opens upward. The center trough 2c is a right side wall of the front bed portion 2a. In the center trough 2c, there is disposed a chip conveyor (not shown) for transporting chips to the outside through the opening.

  On the second mounting surface 2a ″ of the front bed portion 2a, a pair of front and rear second spindle guide rails 24, 24 that support the second spindle head 4 so as to be movable in the Z-axis direction are arranged in parallel with the Z-axis. The two second spindle guide rails 24 extend into the recess 2f of the first mounting portion 2d, and the inner side of the guide rail 24 on the front side of the second spindle guide rails 24 is adjacent thereto. As described above, one second spindle ball screw 25 that reciprocates the second spindle stock 4 in the Z-axis direction is disposed, and inside the guide rail 24 on the opposite side, adjacent to this, One tool post ball screw 32 for reciprocating the tool post 5 in the Z-axis direction is disposed.

  The second spindle stock 4 includes a movable base 4a slidably mounted on the second spindle guide rails 24, 24 in the Z-axis direction, and a spindle stock main body having a cylindrical portion fixed on the movable base 4a. 4b. A second spindle 26 facing the first spindle stock 3 is rotatably inserted into the spindle stock main body 4b. The second main shaft 26 includes a chuck 26a for gripping a workpiece, and is rotated by a built-in drive motor.

  When viewed in the Z-axis direction, the first head stock 3 connects the left and right leg portions 3a and 3a having a wide flat plate located on the left and right sides and the upper ends of the leg portions 3a. A cylindrical main shaft case portion 3b disposed, and a connecting portion 3c disposed so as to connect the main shaft case portion 3b and the left and right leg portions 3a, 3a on the side opposite to the second main shaft base. It has a one-piece cast structure. Thus, a tunnel portion 3d surrounded by the respective leg portions 3a, the spindle case portion 3b, and the connecting portion 3c is formed in the first spindle stock 3.

  When viewed from above, the connecting portion 3c has a V-shape extending to the opposite side of the second head stock following the left and right leg portions 3a, and when viewed from the side, the spindle case portion 3b. Followed by a triangular shape extending obliquely downward. A flange portion 3e projecting outward is integrally formed at the lower ends of the left and right leg portions 3a, 3a and the connecting portion 3c so as to extend over the entire circumference, and the flange portion 3e is formed on the first mounting surface 2a ′. It is fixed with bolts.

  The first spindle stock 3 is formed so as to form a thermal symmetry. Here, the thermal symmetry means that the amount of thermal expansion becomes substantially uniform in the left and right portions across the symmetry plane and expands along this symmetry plane as a whole. Specifically, when viewed in the Z-axis direction by cross-section along a plane including the X-axis and the Y-axis (see FIG. 11A), the plane including the vertical line b passing through the axis a of the spindle case portion 3b is a symmetric plane. Thus, the left and right leg portions 3a and 3a, the connecting portion 3c, and the main shaft case portion 3b are formed so as to be substantially symmetrical with respect to the symmetry plane. Thereby, the first head stock 3 is thermally expanded only in the direction of the vertical line b.

  On the other hand, in the present embodiment, the first head stock 3 is asymmetric when viewed in the Y-axis direction by cross-section along a plane including the X-axis and the Z-axis (see FIG. 11B). Therefore, strictly speaking, it is difficult to realize the above-described thermal symmetry. Therefore, in the present embodiment, a cooling oil jacket 40 is formed on the first head stock 3 as shown in FIG. 12, and a structure that realizes the thermal symmetry more reliably by cooling with the cooling oil jacket 40 is adopted. is doing.

  That is, in the cooling structure of this embodiment, the legs 3a and 3a and the connecting portion 3c are more reliably cooled with a large amount of cooling oil as compared with the main spindle case 3b, so that the above-mentioned axis a is a vertical line due to thermal expansion. It is configured to move only upward along b. Specifically, the cooling oil jacket 40 is formed along the upper part of the coiled main shaft cooling oil passage 40a formed on the outer peripheral portion of the main shaft case portion 3b and the left and right leg portions 3a and 3a. A pair of upper and lower upper leg cooling oil passages 40b and 40b, lower leg cooling oil passages 40c and 40c formed along the lower parts of the left and right leg parts 3a and 3a, and a lower part of the connecting part 3c. However, the remaining cooling oil passages 40b to 40d have a larger diameter than the main spindle cooling oil passage 40a. As a result, the leg portion that may hinder the realization of the above-described thermal symmetry is more reliably cooled, and when viewed as a whole, the first head stock 3 is expanded only upward along the vertical line b. Can do.

  The cooling oil is supplied from a supply port provided in the middle of the upper cooling oil passage 40b on the back side in FIG. 12, passes through 40b in the right direction in the figure, passes through an external pipe, and is cooled immediately below. The oil passage 40b passes in the left direction in the drawing and descends downward, passes through the back side 40c and 40d in the drawing, passes through the front side 40c in the drawing, rises up, and the lower 40b on the front side in the drawing in the right direction. Via an external pipe, it passes through 40b immediately above in the left direction, passes through 40a in a spiral shape, and is discharged from an outlet formed in 40a.

  A first main shaft 28 is rotatably attached to the main shaft case portion 3b so as to be coaxial with the second main shaft 26. The first main shaft 28 includes a chuck 28a for gripping a workpiece, and is rotated by a built-in drive motor.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 8, a presetter 38 is attached to the first spindle stock 3. This presetter 38 is for measuring the position of the cutting edge of the tool before machining, and measures both the tool of the turret 31 and the tool of the third spindle 6 as will be described later.

  The tool post 5 includes a turret 31 and a support member 30 that supports the turret 31 so as to be movable in the X-axis direction. The turret 31 includes a turret head 31a on which a large number of tools T are mounted at a predetermined angular interval on the outer peripheral portion, and a rotary indexing mechanism 31b that supports the turret head 31a so as to be capable of rotational indexing. The rotary indexing mechanism 31b is a rotary indexer of a required tool T to a predetermined machining position and clamped at the machining position. The indexing motor 31c of the rotary indexing mechanism 31b is disposed on the back surface of the turret 31 when viewed from the right side in the Z-axis direction.

  The support member 30 includes left and right leg portions 30a and 30a positioned on the left and right when viewed in the Z-axis direction, and an upper beam portion 30b that integrally couples the upper ends of the leg portions 30a and 30a. And a lower frame portion 30c that integrally couples the lower end portions to each other. Accordingly, the frame portion of the support member 30 is a rectangular space.

  Each of the leg portions 30a has wide flat plate-like vertical wall portions 30d and 30d, and support portions 30e and 30e formed in the lower portion of the outer wall of each vertical wall portion 30d and extending in the Z-axis direction. When viewed in the Y-axis direction, the left end 30f ′ of each of the support portions 30e coincides with the left end surface of the vertical wall portion 30d, while the right end 30f ″ extends beyond the right end surface of the vertical wall portion 30d. It extends to the vicinity of the center of the.

  The support member 30 is supported by the front and rear second main shaft guide rails 24, 24 on the linear guides 30g disposed on the lower surfaces of both end portions in the longitudinal direction of the support portions 30e, 30e. It is movable. A nut member 30h is disposed below the right support portion 30e, and a tool post ball screw 32 disposed inside the second spindle guide rail 24 on the rear side is screwed into the nut member 30h. Yes. The support member 30 reciprocates in the Z-axis direction when the tool post ball screw 32 is rotated by a servo motor 32a.

  Turret guide rails 33, 33 extending in the X-axis direction are disposed on the front surfaces (front surfaces) of the left and right leg portions 30a, 30a of the support member 30 as viewed from the right side in the Z-axis direction. Linear guides 33 a and 33 a are supported by the turret guide rails 33 and 33 so as to be slidable in the X-axis direction, and the linear guide 33 a is fixed to the back surface of the turret 31. Thus, the turret 31 is supported by the support member 30 so as to be movable in the X-axis direction.

  In the support member 30, one turret ball screw 34 is disposed in parallel with the X axis so as to extend between the upper and lower beam portions 30b and 30c. A nut member 34 a is screwed into the turret ball screw 34, and the nut member 34 a is integrally provided on the back surface of the turret 31.

  An extension 30f extending rearward from the leg 30a is formed on the lower beam portion 30c of the support member 30, and a servo motor 35 is disposed on the extension 30f. The servo motor 35 is connected to the turret ball screw 34 through a timing belt 36. When the ball screw 34 is driven to rotate by the servo motor 35, the turret 31 reciprocates in the X-axis direction.

  Here, when viewed in the Z-axis direction, as shown in FIG. 16, the turret ball screw 34 and the rotary motor 35 are arranged so as to be displaced to the right from the center line of the support member 30. Thereby, the left part of the rectangular space of the support member 30 is a space in which piping, wiring, and the like can be routed. An indexing motor (not shown) of the rotation indexing mechanism 31b is located at a substantially central portion in the rectangular space of the support member 30, and moves with the movement of the turret 31 in the X-axis direction.

  The shape and dimensions of the support member 30 are set so as to be able to advance and retract in the tunnel portion 3d of the first head stock 3. When viewed in a state where the support member 30 is accommodated in the tunnel portion, the turret 31 is positioned directly below the first main shaft 28. More specifically, the cutting point by the tool positioned at the machining position among the tools T mounted on the turret 31 is always located on the vertical line b passing through the axis line a.

  The second spindle stock 4 is movable to a delivery position where the workpiece mounted on the first spindle 28 of the first spindle stock 3 can be directly received. Specifically, the second head stock 4 is movable in the Z-axis direction to a position where the front surfaces of the chucks of the first and second main shafts 28 and 26 face each other (see FIG. 7C).

  Then, the tool post 5 has a first spindle stock so that the cutting point c is positioned vertically below the axis a of the first and second spindle stocks 3 and 4 when the first and second spindle stocks 28 and 26 are in contact with each other. It is possible to be located directly below 3. Thereby, the workpiece cutting direction of the tool of the turret 31 coincides with the vertical line b. Specifically, when viewed from the right in the Z-axis direction, as shown in FIG. 6, the cutting point c and the rotation center of the turret 31 are on a vertical line b passing through the axis a of the first and second headstocks 3 and 4. Both d are located. Further, the vertical line b passes through the center of the interval between the second main shaft guide rails 24 and 24.

  The tool gripping portion of the third main spindle 6 is always located in a region surrounded by the pair of upper and lower Z-axis guide rails 15 and 15 and the pair of left and right X-axis guide rails 17 and 17. The moving area of the cutting point of the third main spindle 6 has an area overlapping with the cutting point c of the tool post 5 as viewed in the Z-axis direction, and further extends below the cutting point c.

  Here, when viewed from above, an XY support surface A (see FIG. 15) parallel to the X axis and the Y axis for supporting the turret 31 of the tool post 5 so as to be movable in the X axis direction, and the third The XZ support surface B (see FIG. 2) parallel to the X axis and the Z axis for supporting the main shaft 6 so as to be movable in the X axis direction is orthogonal. In more detail, the XY support surface A means a plane including both sliding surfaces of the left and right turret guide rails 33 and 33 of the support member 30. The XZ support surface B means a plane including both sliding surfaces of the left and right X-axis guide rails 17 and 17 of the saddle 12.

  Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 2, the movement line (vertical line b) of the turret 31 in the tool post 5 in the X-axis direction and the XZ support surface B of the third main spindle 6 are a predetermined distance t in the Y-axis direction. Are only spaced apart. Further, as shown in FIG. 15, in the state where the third spindle 6 is processing the shortest workpiece gripped by the first spindle stock 3, the movement line f in the X-axis direction of the third spindle 6 and the turret 31. The XY support surface A is disposed at a predetermined distance t ′.

  In the compound lathe according to the present embodiment, turning is performed by cutting with the tool post while rotating the workpiece by the first spindle stock 3 or the second spindle stock 4, and grinding and drilling are performed by the third spindle 6. Done.

  According to this embodiment, the XY support plane A that supports the turret 31 of the tool post 5 so as to be movable in the X-axis direction and the XZ support plane B that supports the third main shaft 6 so as to be movable in the X-axis direction are orthogonal to each other. In addition, since the X-axis movement line of the tool post 5 and the third spindle 6 and the XY support planes A and XZ support planes B are arranged apart from each other, the movement region of the cutting point c of the tool post 5 and the third spindle 6 It is possible to move the moving area of the cutting points to each other and improve workability. Further, since the support planes A and B do not interfere with each other, it is not necessary to overhang both the tool post 5 and the third main spindle 6, so that the support rigidity of the tool post 5 and the third main spindle 6 is lowered. Never do.

  In this embodiment, the cutting point c of the tool post 5 is positioned vertically below a straight line connecting the axis a of the first and second headstocks 3 and 4, and the tool post 5 is moved to the first and second headstocks 3 and 3. Since it is arranged below the axis a of 4, the size in the front-rear direction of the machine main body can be reduced as compared with the case where the tool post is arranged on the front side when viewed from the front of the machine, and the size can be reduced.

  In addition, since the moving region of the third spindle 6 is extended below the cutting point c of the tool post 5, the tool cutting edge position of the tool post 5 and the tool cutting edge position of the third spindle 6 can be measured by one presetter 38. it can. As a result, the measurement of the tool position for setting the tool at a predetermined position can be performed with a simple structure and at a low cost.

  In the present embodiment, since the tool spindle 6a of the third spindle 6 is supported so as to be able to rotate and index around the Y axis, complicated machining by so-called B-axis drive is possible.

It is a perspective view of the compound lathe by one Embodiment of this invention. It is a side view of the said composite lathe. It is a perspective view of the bed of the composite lathe. It is a perspective view of the bed. It is a front view of the support mechanism of the 3rd main axis | shaft of the said composite lathe. It is a side view of the 1st spindle stock arrange | positioned at the said bed, and a tool post. It is a figure which shows operation | movement of the said 1st, 2nd spindle stock and a tool post. It is a perspective view of the said 1st headstock. It is a perspective view of the said 1st headstock. It is a perspective view of the said 1st headstock. It is a figure of the said 1st headstock. It is a perspective view of the cooling water jacket of the first headstock. It is a perspective view of the said tool post. It is a side view of the said tool post. It is a front view of the said tool post. It is a perspective view of the supporting member of the said tool post. It is a perspective view which shows the X-axis stroke of the said 3rd main axis | shaft. It is a side view which shows the Y-axis stroke of the said 3rd main axis | shaft.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Compound lathe 2 Bed 3 1st spindle stand 4 2nd spindle stand 5 Tool post 6 3rd spindle 6a Tool spindle A XY support plane B XZ support plane a Spindle axis c Cutting point

Claims (3)

  1. A bed, first and second headstocks arranged to be coaxial with each other on the bed, and the first and second headstocks are movably arranged in the X-axis (vertical) direction. A compound lathe comprising a tool post and a third spindle arranged on the bed so as to be movable in the X-axis, Y-axis (front-rear) and Z-axis (left-right) directions,
    An XY support plane that is parallel to the X-axis and the Y-axis and supports the tool post so as to be movable in the X-axis direction; and a third spindle that is parallel to the X-axis and the Z-axis and that is movable in the X-axis direction. It is set to be orthogonal to the XZ support plane,
    The movement axis in the X-axis direction of the tool post and the XZ support plane are arranged apart from each other in the Y-axis direction, and the third spindle is machining the shortest workpiece held by the first spindle in, are spaced apart in the Z-axis direction of the third main axis of the X-axis direction of the axis of movement and the XY supporting plane,
    The sliding surface of the X-axis direction guide rail of the tool post is disposed on the XY support plane, and the sliding surface of the X-axis direction guide rail of the third main shaft is disposed on the XZ support plane. A compound lathe characterized by that.
  2. In claim 1, the cutting point of the tool post is located vertically below a straight line connecting the axis of the first spindle stock and the second spindle stock, the moving region of the cutting point of the third spindle is A compound lathe, which extends downward from a cutting point of the tool post located at the rising end in the X-axis direction.
  3. 2. The composite lathe according to claim 1, wherein the third main spindle includes a tool main spindle, and the tool main spindle is configured to be able to rotate and index around the Y axis.
JP2005125018A 2005-04-22 2005-04-22 Compound lathe Active JP4410142B2 (en)

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JP2005125018A JP4410142B2 (en) 2005-04-22 2005-04-22 Compound lathe
DE200610015078 DE102006015078B4 (en) 2005-04-01 2006-03-31 Composite lathe
US11/394,159 US7240412B2 (en) 2005-04-22 2006-03-31 Composite lathe
DE200610015101 DE102006015101B4 (en) 2005-04-01 2006-03-31 Tool changer of a machine tool

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