JP4279203B2 - Aluminum alloy for conductive wire of automobile - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy for conductive wire of automobile Download PDF

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JP4279203B2
JP4279203B2 JP2004157112A JP2004157112A JP4279203B2 JP 4279203 B2 JP4279203 B2 JP 4279203B2 JP 2004157112 A JP2004157112 A JP 2004157112A JP 2004157112 A JP2004157112 A JP 2004157112A JP 4279203 B2 JP4279203 B2 JP 4279203B2
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wire
mass
alloy
aluminum alloy
automobile
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JP2005336549A (en
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雄一 長谷川
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アルミニウム線材株式会社
日本軽金属株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a conductive aluminum alloy wire for automobiles, and more particularly to an aluminum alloy wire used as an ultrafine alloy wire drawn to a diameter of 1.0 mm or less.

In automobiles, electrical conductors such as wire harnesses that electrically connect electrical devices and the like are manufactured with annealed copper wire.
However, when attempting to dismantle and recycle an automobile equipped with a conductor made of copper wire, the presence of a copper material is regarded as a problem. In other words, if Cu is mixed in the Fe alloy, the characteristics of the Fe alloy are greatly reduced and cannot be reused as an extension material. Therefore, when dismantling the automobile and reusing the iron material, It is necessary to remove in advance the conductor such as the attached wire harness. For this reason, cost was required for recycling.

Therefore, in recent years, there is a tendency to use an Al alloy wire that does not significantly affect the characteristics of the Fe alloy even when mixed in the Fe alloy as a conductor such as a wire harness. By using an Al alloy wire, the automobile is dismantled without removing a conductor such as a wire harness, thereby reducing the cost. Patent Document 1 proposes to use an Al—Mg—Si alloy generally called 6000 series as an alloy for a conductor such as a wire harness.
JP 2000-212664 A

In order to obtain the strength and electrical conductivity required for the wire harness, the 6000 series alloy wire must be processed into a wire and then subjected to an aging treatment to precipitate an Mg-Si based intermetallic compound. It was. Therefore, the cost is high. In particular, since the solution treatment requires heating to 500 ° C. or higher, it is a factor that increases the cost.
In addition, Mg-Si based intermetallic compounds are likely to be the starting point of breakage during wire drawing, so it is necessary to take measures such as slowing the wire drawing speed when processing into ultrafine wires, and productivity Is getting worse. Furthermore, the wire rod is wound in a coil shape after wire drawing, and is shipped in that state, but the 6000 series aluminum alloy has a high spring property due to its high 0.2% proof stress, It is difficult to maintain the wound state. Also, wiring to automobiles is troublesome.
The present invention has been devised to solve such problems, and an object thereof is to provide an aluminum alloy wire that is easy to handle at a low cost while having sufficient strength that can be used as a conductor such as a wire harness. To do.

In order to achieve the object, the aluminum alloy for a conductive wire of an automobile of the present invention includes Fe: 1.2 to 2.0% by mass, Mg: 0.05 to 0.3% by mass, and Zr: 0.00%. It contains one or more of 01 to 0.10% by mass, Ti: 0.001 to 0.02% by mass, B: 0.0001 to 0.005% by mass, and the balance is made of Al and inevitable impurities. Features.
Further, this alloy is preferably limited to 0.01 mass% or less of Si and 0.03 mass% or less of Cu among the inevitable impurities.

In the aluminum alloy for conductive wires of the present invention, when adding Al to Al without adding Si, which is easy to form an Mg—Si intermetallic compound in the Al alloy, when casting an Al alloy melt, -Fe-based intermetallic compounds are finely and uniformly dispersed to enhance strength and heat resistance. Since the strength required for the wire harness can be obtained by uniform dispersion of the Al—Fe-based intermetallic compound, there is no need to perform solution treatment or aging treatment. Therefore, an alloy wire can be manufactured at a low cost.
In addition, since an Al alloy containing a predetermined amount of Fe causes work softening and increases in elongation, the alloy of the present invention is excellent in wire drawing workability, and an extremely fine wire harness is easily manufactured.
In addition, continuous casting is performed using a rotary casting ring having a circumferential groove on the peripheral surface, and the cast body is continuously subjected to rolling and subsequent wire drawing, so that the cost is significantly lower than conventional. Thus, an aluminum alloy wire for a conductor of an automobile can be manufactured.

The present invention will be specifically described.
First, the effect | action and content of the component which comprise the Al-Fe-type aluminum alloy for the electrically conductive wires of the motor vehicle of this invention are demonstrated.
Basically, Al is contained in an amount of 0.8 to 2.0 mass% Fe. When Fe is added in an amount of 0.8% by mass or more, work softening is likely to occur, and elongation increases, so that wire drawing becomes easy. Further, by containing Fe, Al—Fe-based intermetallic compounds can be crystallized finely and uniformly, and the strength required even when used as a wire harness can be obtained. However, if it exceeds 2.0% by mass, a coarse crystallized product is formed, the elongation is lowered, and the wire drawing workability is deteriorated.

In order to improve the characteristics of the Al—Fe-based aluminum alloy of the present invention and to facilitate ultrathinning assuming use as a wire harness or the like, Mg: 0.05 to 0.3 mass as necessary. %, Zr: 0.01 to 0.10% by mass, Ti: 0.001 to 0.02% by mass, and B: 0.0001 to 0.005% by mass.
Mg exhibits an effect of improving strength by being dissolved in the base material. This effect becomes remarkable when 0.05% by mass or more is added. However, if it is added in excess of 0.3% by mass, in addition to the decrease in conductivity, it becomes easy to work and harden, and the elongation is lowered and the wire drawing workability is lowered. For this reason, when adding Mg, it is set as the range of 0.05-0.3 mass%.

  Zr exhibits the effect | action which forms an Al-Zr type | system | group intermetallic compound and improves heat resistance. This effect becomes remarkable when 0.01% by mass or more is added. However, if it is added excessively exceeding 0.10% by mass, a coarse Al—Zr-based intermetallic compound is generated. It will get worse. For this reason, when adding Zr, it is set as the range of 0.01-0.10 mass%.

Both Ti and B, alone or as TiB 2 , have the effect of refining crystal grains and improving castability and workability. Further, B combines with inevitable impurity elements to eliminate the adverse effects of inevitable impurities. In order to exert such an effect, at least Ti is required to be 0.001% by mass and B is required to be 0.0005% by mass. However, the effect is saturated at a certain amount of addition, and adding more than 0.02 mass% in the case of Ti and 0.005 mass% in the case of B only increases the cost. Therefore, when Ti is added, the range is 0.001 to 0.02 mass%, and when B is added, the range is 0.0001 to 0.005 mass%.

Other impurities cause a decrease in conductivity. Therefore, it is preferable to reduce the content of inevitable impurities as much as possible.
In particular, V for decreasing the thermal conductivity is preferably 0.005% by mass or less. Further, it is preferable that Si that forms an Al—Fe—Si intermetallic compound that is the starting point of fracture is 0.01 mass% or less, and Cu that lowers corrosion resistance is 0.03 mass% or less.

Next, a method for converting the Al—Fe-based aluminum alloy for conductive wires of the present invention into a wire will be described.
A molten Al-Fe alloy having the composition defined in the present invention is continuously cast by a known so-called belt-and-wheel continuous casting machine, and the resulting ingot is heated using the casting heat. It can be manufactured by continuously rolling between and forming a rough drawn wire, and drawing the rough drawn wire.

The belt and wheel casting machine generally has a structure as shown in FIG. A circumferential groove 2 is formed on the circumferential surface of the rotary casting wheel 1, and the circumferential groove 2 is covered so as to cover the circumferential groove 2 over an angle range of approximately 200 degrees (depending on the device). The endless belt 3 travels in contact with the surface. The endless belt 3 is pressed against the circumferential surface of the rotary casting wheel 1 by the roll 5, and the inside of the circumferential groove 2 covered with the endless belt 3 becomes a casting cavity as shown in FIG.
A molten Al alloy having a desired composition is continuously supplied into the casting cavity by the spout 4. The supplied molten metal is cooled and solidified by the rotary casting wheel 1 and the endless belt 3 with the assistance of cooling water not shown.

When the endless belt 3 is detached from the circumferential groove 2 as the rotary casting wheel 1 rotates, the cast body 6 is also detached from the circumferential groove 2. When the tip portion of the cast body 6 is bent slightly (about 10 to 20 degrees) when it is completely separated from the circumferential groove 2, the cast body 6 continues without contacting the endless belt 3 again as casting proceeds. It is taken out from the casting machine.
The cast body 6 produced in this way has a small amount of oxides or the like during casting and does not have a free solidified surface that is solidified by contact with air, so that a product with very little oxide as a whole can be obtained. Sent to the rolling process.

The cast body 6 taken out from the continuous casting machine is guided to a rolling mill (not shown). Since the cast body 6 taken out from the rotary casting wheel 1 is curved and bent when separated from the casting wheel or in the middle of conveyance, the cast body is straightened through a roll straightening machine before being guided to the rolling mill. It is preferable to do.
Since the cast body led to the rolling mill is still maintained at a considerably high temperature, it is usually hot-rolled as it is to produce a rough drawn wire.
If the temperature at the entrance of the rolling mill is too low, it is possible to adjust the cooling condition in the continuous casting machine by providing a heating device in front of the rolling mill to adjust to the above temperature or more. It is preferable in terms of cost to control the temperature at the outlet of the machine.

During rolling, a lubricant emulsion that also serves as cooling may be used.
If the cross-section reduction rate during rolling is small, the cast hole in the ingot cannot be sufficiently crushed, and cracks are likely to occur during winding of the rough drawn wire or subsequent wire drawing. Moreover, when the cross-section reduction rate is large, the temperature drop of the ingot during rolling becomes severe and rolling becomes difficult. For this reason, it is preferable to perform rolling in the range of a cross-section reduction rate of 60 to 98%.
After rolling, a wire rod having a desired diameter can be produced by drawing a rough wire and then cold drawing. At that time, if an annealing step at a predetermined temperature is interposed as required, the wire drawing process is facilitated. After rolling, after winding the rough wire once, annealing and cold wire drawing may be performed again. In any case, the cold wire drawing and annealing are performed under the conventional conditions.

Alloy No. 1 in Table 1 A belt-and-wheel casting machine having a rotating cast wheel having a circumferential groove having an outer diameter of 140 mm, a depth of 30 mm and a maximum width of 30 mm, maintained at 570 ° C. The cross-sectional area was cast to 550 mm 2 at a casting speed of 10 m / min. Thereafter, the wire was continuously rolled into a rough drawn wire having a diameter of 8 mm, and then subjected to a plurality of drawing processes (drawing speed: 800 m / min) while annealing at 300 to 500 ° C. to obtain a wire material having a diameter of 0.2 mm. In addition, the comparative alloy 3 which is a conventional Al—Mg—Si alloy material was fractured and could not be drawn when the drawing process was started at a drawing speed of 800 m / min. Pulled out at a speed of
About the obtained wire, the tensile characteristic and electrical conductivity were measured.
The results are shown in Table 2.
The tensile properties and electrical conductivity were measured according to JIS C3002, and the tensile strength, 0.2% proof stress, elongation and electrical conductivity were obtained. At this time, the electrical conductivity was represented by the equivalent of the% IACS, assuming that the electrical conductivity of annealed standard annealed copper was 100% IACS.

As can be seen from the results in Table 2, the comparative alloy 1 with a low Fe content has low strength and elongation, and the comparative alloy 2 with a Fe content larger than the specified amount also has low elongation. This seems to be due to the formation of coarse crystals.
Further, the comparative alloy 3 which is a conventional Al—Mg—Si alloy has a low electric conductivity unless it is subjected to an aging treatment. In addition, regarding this comparative alloy 3, a solution treatment that was quenched after heating at 530 ° C. for 2 hours before the drawing process and an aging treatment at 170 ° C. for 5 hours after the drawing process were also produced. Tensile properties and electrical conductivity of the wire were measured. The results are also shown in Table 2. The heat-treated product has a sufficient tensile strength, but the 0.2% proof stress is too high, so that it is difficult to handle.

Diagram conceptually explaining the overall structure of a belt and wheel casting machine Partial sectional view explaining the structure of the circumferential groove

Claims (2)

  1.   Fe: 1.2 to 2.0% by mass, Mg: 0.05 to 0.3% by mass, Zr: 0.01 to 0.10% by mass, Ti: 0.001 to 0.02% by mass , B: An aluminum alloy for a conductive wire of an automobile, containing one or more of 0.0001 to 0.005 mass%, the balance being made of Al and inevitable impurities.
  2. 2. The aluminum alloy for conductive wires of automobiles according to claim 1 , wherein among the inevitable impurities, Si is limited to 0.01 mass% or less and Cu: 0.03 mass% or less.
JP2004157112A 2004-05-27 2004-05-27 Aluminum alloy for conductive wire of automobile Active JP4279203B2 (en)

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Cited By (1)

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US9349502B2 (en) 2010-06-24 2016-05-24 Fujikura Ltd. Automotive wire

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JP5128109B2 (en) * 2006-10-30 2013-01-23 株式会社オートネットワーク技術研究所 Electric wire conductor and manufacturing method thereof
KR101144538B1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2012-05-11 가부시키가이샤 오토네트웍스 테크놀로지스 Aluminum electric wire for automobiles and process for producing the aluminum electric wire
JP5235433B2 (en) * 2008-01-31 2013-07-10 日新製鋼株式会社 Al plated steel wire and manufacturing method thereof
JP4777487B1 (en) * 2008-08-11 2011-09-21 住友電気工業株式会社 Method for manufacturing aluminum alloy wire
JP4787885B2 (en) * 2008-08-11 2011-10-05 住友電気工業株式会社 Wire harness for wire harness and wire harness for automobile
JP2010157416A (en) * 2008-12-26 2010-07-15 Autonetworks Technologies Ltd Aluminum alloy wire
WO2010082671A1 (en) 2009-01-19 2010-07-22 古河電気工業株式会社 Aluminum alloy wire
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USRE46950E1 (en) 2009-07-06 2018-07-10 Yazaki Corporation Electric wire or cable
DE112010004176T5 (en) * 2009-10-30 2012-12-06 Autonetworks Technologies, Ltd. Aluminum alloy wire
WO2011071097A1 (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-16 株式会社フジクラ Power feed body and method for manufacturing same
JP5696972B2 (en) * 2010-02-08 2015-04-08 住友電気工業株式会社 Aluminum alloy wire, coil, and manufacturing method of aluminum alloy wire
CN102637485B (en) * 2012-05-07 2014-06-04 东莞市闻誉实业有限公司 Aluminum alloy wire and method for preparing aluminum alloy wire
CN103762008A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-30 安徽欣意电缆有限公司 Al-Fe-Mg-Zn aluminum alloy used for automobile wire and wire harness thereof
CN103730185A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 安徽欣意电缆有限公司 Al-Fe-Cu-Mg aluminum alloy and electric wire made of the same
JP6023901B2 (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-11-09 矢崎総業株式会社 Electric wire or cable, wire harness, and aluminum alloy strand manufacturing method
CN104299671A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-21 安徽欣意电缆有限公司 Al-Fe-Mg-Zr aluminum alloy for coal mine cable and aluminum alloy cable
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CN104299675A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-01-21 安徽欣意电缆有限公司 Al-Fe-Mg-Cr aluminum alloy for coal mine cable and aluminum alloy cable
JP2015133324A (en) * 2015-02-18 2015-07-23 住友電気工業株式会社 aluminum alloy wire

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US9349502B2 (en) 2010-06-24 2016-05-24 Fujikura Ltd. Automotive wire

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