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GB1073182A - Improvements in or relating to bonded textile materials - Google Patents

Improvements in or relating to bonded textile materials

Info

Publication number
GB1073182A
GB1073182A GB820963A GB820963A GB1073182A GB 1073182 A GB1073182 A GB 1073182A GB 820963 A GB820963 A GB 820963A GB 820963 A GB820963 A GB 820963A GB 1073182 A GB1073182 A GB 1073182A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
fibres
adhesive
fibre
component
fabric
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB820963A
Inventor
Stanley Davies
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd
Original Assignee
Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • D04H1/541Composite fibres, e.g. sheath-core, sea-island or side-by-side; Mixed fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H3/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length
    • D04H3/08Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length characterised by the method of strengthening or consolidating
    • D04H3/14Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length characterised by the method of strengthening or consolidating with bonds between thermoplastic yarns or filaments produced by welding
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H3/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length
    • D04H3/08Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length characterised by the method of strengthening or consolidating
    • D04H3/16Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length characterised by the method of strengthening or consolidating with bonds between thermoplastic filaments produced in association with filament formation, e.g. immediately following extrusion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S264/00Plastic and nonmetallic article shaping or treating: processes
    • Y10S264/75Processes of uniting two or more fibers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]
    • Y10T442/608Including strand or fiber material which is of specific structural definition
    • Y10T442/627Strand or fiber material is specified as non-linear [e.g., crimped, coiled, etc.]
    • Y10T442/629Composite strand or fiber material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]
    • Y10T442/608Including strand or fiber material which is of specific structural definition
    • Y10T442/627Strand or fiber material is specified as non-linear [e.g., crimped, coiled, etc.]
    • Y10T442/632A single nonwoven layer comprising non-linear synthetic polymeric strand or fiber material and strand or fiber material not specified as non-linear
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]
    • Y10T442/637Including strand or fiber material which is a monofilament composed of two or more polymeric materials in physically distinct relationship [e.g., sheath-core, side-by-side, islands-in-sea, fibrils-in-matrix, etc.] or composed of physical blend of chemically different polymeric materials or a physical blend of a polymeric material and a filler material
    • Y10T442/638Side-by-side multicomponent strand or fiber material

Abstract

A bonded fibrous material contains at least five per cent by weight of the total fibres of composite fibres. These composite fibres comprise at least two fibre-forming synthetic polymeric components arranged in distinct zones across the cross-section of each fibre so that each component is continuous along the length of each fibre, and at least one, but not all, of the components is potentially adhesive and located so as to form at least a portion of the surface of each fibre. The fibres are bonded together by the adhesive characteristics of the potentially adhesive component. The term "fibre" includes filaments. A potentially adhesive component is one that can be rendered adhesive without affecting any other components. Suitable fibre-forming polymers are: polyamides, polyesters, polyesteramides, polysulphonamides, polyolefines and polyurethanes. Both fibre-forming polymers may be of the same chemical class, in which case the fabric may be dyed uniformly with only one dyestuff. The fabric may be of non-woven, knitted, woven or plied structure. The components of the composite fibres may lie side by side, the potentially adhesive component may enclose the other component or the fibre may have a non-circular, e.g. a trilobal, cross-section. The composite fibres may be present in the form of staple fibres including flock, continuous monofilaments or multifilaments or yarns in which the composite fibres are combined with fibres which are inert to the treatment taken to activate the potentially adhesive component. Formation of non-woven webs may be by carding or garnetting together with cross-lapping if desired, by air laying on foraminous surfaces including shaped surfaces, e.g. for hat bodies, by direct random deposition of the continuous filaments in monofilament or yarn form on stationary or moving surfaces or by wet-laying techniques, as e.g. by the use of a Fourdrinier or other paper machine. Activation of the potentially adhesive component may be by heating or by chemical treatment and is carried out with the web or fabric under pressure. Chemical treatments referred to include the application of a hot non-aqueous, e.g. ethylene glycol, solution of formaldehyde or the application of nitric acid. Activation by heating may involve the use of heated platens, heated calender rolls or heated wire gauze sheets which impart a woven appearance to the surface of the fabric. After formation and before activation, the web may be needled to consolidate it, or a light woven scrim fabric may be incorporated. The composite fibres as spun may incorporate various additives such as plasticisers or soft resins, e.g. polyvinyl acetate, ester gum, coumarone resin or alkyd resin, to lower the softening point of the adhesive component; pigments, dyes, moth- or fire-proofing agents; fillers, abrasives and light stabilisers may also be included. Non-activatable fibres which may be present in the fabric include wool, silk, flax, cotton, regenerated cellulose, mineral fibres such as asbestos, rock wool and glass, and synthetic polymeric fibres such as polyamide or polyethylene terephthalate. The non-woven fabrics of the invention range from paper-like and fabric-like materials to bulky felt-like materials or material resembling hard-board and are useful in heat, sound and electrical insulation, floor coverings, filters, dress fabrics, interlinings, and upholstery fabrics. The woven scrim fabrics are particularly useful as reinforcing materials for plastics materials such as polyvinyl chloride.
GB820963A 1963-03-01 1963-03-01 Improvements in or relating to bonded textile materials Expired GB1073182A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB820963A GB1073182A (en) 1963-03-01 1963-03-01 Improvements in or relating to bonded textile materials

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB820963A GB1073182A (en) 1963-03-01 1963-03-01 Improvements in or relating to bonded textile materials
DE19641469247 DE1469247A1 (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-27 Bonded fabrics
FR965591A FR1392059A (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-28 textile materials of which the bonding is provided by the adhesive properties of a component of said material fibers
NL6402028A NL6402028A (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-28
BE644528A BE644528A (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-28
LU45559A LU45559A1 (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-29
DK102464A DK121221B (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-29 A process for producing a textile material.
ES297047A ES297047A1 (en) 1963-03-01 1964-02-29 Method for manufacturing fabrics agglutinated
US3511747A US3511747A (en) 1963-03-01 1968-08-13 Bonded textile materials

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1073182A true true GB1073182A (en) 1967-06-21

Family

ID=9847976

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB820963A Expired GB1073182A (en) 1963-03-01 1963-03-01 Improvements in or relating to bonded textile materials

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US3511747A (en)
BE (1) BE644528A (en)
DE (1) DE1469247A1 (en)
DK (1) DK121221B (en)
ES (1) ES297047A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1392059A (en)
GB (1) GB1073182A (en)
LU (1) LU45559A1 (en)
NL (1) NL6402028A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3844080A (en) * 1971-09-08 1974-10-29 Ici Ltd Suspended ceiling
EP0040833A1 (en) * 1980-05-26 1981-12-02 Teijin Limited Papery product
GB2140837A (en) * 1983-05-31 1984-12-05 Allen Ind Sheet of material and method of making same
US5382400A (en) 1992-08-21 1995-01-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric and method for making same
US5405682A (en) 1992-08-26 1995-04-11 Kimberly Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US6500538B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymeric strands including a propylene polymer composition and nonwoven fabric and articles made therewith
EP2673407A2 (en) * 2011-02-09 2013-12-18 White Innovation Ltd. Meltable paint films and fabrics and methods of manufacturing thereof

Families Citing this family (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL138974B (en) * 1964-08-17 1973-05-15 Du Pont Non-woven fabric sheet.
GB1228026A (en) * 1968-04-16 1971-04-15
US3887417A (en) * 1968-04-25 1975-06-03 Ici Ltd Non-woven fabrics
US3622447A (en) * 1969-04-17 1971-11-23 Goodrich Co B F Process for the manufacture of bonded fiber sheets
GB1304384A (en) * 1970-06-11 1973-01-24
GB1373388A (en) * 1970-12-24 1974-11-13 Teijin Ltd Thermoplastic polymer fibres
BE793009A (en) * 1971-12-22 1973-06-19 Pavena Ag Method for continuous bonding staple fibers for obtaining a stable tape, and stable tape obtained by this method
US3940302A (en) * 1972-03-02 1976-02-24 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Non-woven materials and a method of making them
GB1406252A (en) * 1972-03-02 1975-09-17 Impeial Chemical Ind Ltd Non-woven materials and a method of making them
US3923942A (en) * 1973-01-16 1975-12-02 Toray Industries Filler material and method of manufacturing same
US4186235A (en) * 1975-04-24 1980-01-29 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Thermoplastics articles having a surface fused to cloth
GB1537494A (en) * 1975-04-24 1978-12-29 Ici Ltd Thermoplastics articles having a surface keyed to cloth
GB1552520A (en) * 1976-10-20 1979-09-12 Chisso Corp Heat-adhesive composite fibres
US4285748A (en) * 1977-03-11 1981-08-25 Fiber Industries, Inc. Selfbonded nonwoven fabrics
US4211816A (en) * 1977-03-11 1980-07-08 Fiber Industries, Inc. Selfbonded nonwoven fabrics
JPS5526203B2 (en) * 1977-05-24 1980-07-11
US4310594A (en) * 1980-07-01 1982-01-12 Teijin Limited Composite sheet structure
US4552603A (en) * 1981-06-30 1985-11-12 Akzona Incorporated Method for making bicomponent fibers
EP0070164B1 (en) * 1981-07-10 1986-09-24 Chicopee Absorbent nonwoven fabric containing staple length polyester/polyethylene conjugate fibers and absorbent fibers
JPS6110583B2 (en) * 1982-06-29 1986-03-29 Chisso Corp
US4795668A (en) * 1983-10-11 1989-01-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Bicomponent fibers and webs made therefrom
EP0171806A3 (en) * 1984-08-16 1987-06-16 Chicopee An entangled nonwoven fabric including bicomponent fibers and the method of making same
JPH0120249B2 (en) * 1985-09-19 1989-04-14 Chisso Corp
US4818587A (en) * 1986-10-17 1989-04-04 Chisso Corporation Nonwoven fabrics and method for producing them
DE3774869D1 (en) * 1987-03-09 1992-01-09 Chisso Corp Reinforced nonwoven.
DE3728002C2 (en) * 1987-08-22 1990-01-25 Fa. Carl Freudenberg, 6940 Weinheim, De
JPH03501142A (en) * 1987-11-25 1991-03-14
US5063101A (en) * 1988-12-23 1991-11-05 Freudenberg Nonwovens Limited Partnership Interlining
US5490961A (en) * 1993-06-21 1996-02-13 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc. Method for manufacturing a mineral fiber product
US5458822A (en) * 1993-06-21 1995-10-17 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc. Method for manufacturing a mineral fiber product
US5529596A (en) * 1994-05-02 1996-06-25 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc. Method for making dual-glass fibers by causing one glass to flow around another glass as they are spun from a rotating spinner
US5695376A (en) * 1994-09-09 1997-12-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Thermoformable barrier nonwoven laminate
US5595584A (en) * 1994-12-29 1997-01-21 Owens Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc. Method of alternate commingling of mineral fibers and organic fibers
US6329052B1 (en) * 1999-04-27 2001-12-11 Albany International Corp. Blowable insulation
US6329051B1 (en) 1999-04-27 2001-12-11 Albany International Corp. Blowable insulation clusters
US8071492B2 (en) 2001-08-20 2011-12-06 Pbi Performance Products, Inc. Textile fabric for the outer shell of a firefighter's garment
US20050186875A1 (en) * 2004-02-03 2005-08-25 Norfab Corporation Firefighter garment outer shell fabric utilizing core-spun dref yarn
US20070026202A1 (en) * 2005-07-26 2007-02-01 Ward/Kraft Filament based open celled carrier web system for pressure sensitive product assemblies
US7790639B2 (en) * 2005-12-23 2010-09-07 Albany International Corp. Blowable insulation clusters made of natural material
US9221963B2 (en) * 2008-11-27 2015-12-29 Speciality Fibres And Materials Ltd. Absorbent material

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2308593A (en) * 1939-11-18 1943-01-19 Brew Harold Edmund Knitted fabric and manufactured knitted articles
US2460674A (en) * 1943-02-01 1949-02-01 Trubenised Ltd Shaped fabric article
US2774128A (en) * 1950-11-04 1956-12-18 Kendall & Co Felt-like products
US2774129A (en) * 1950-11-06 1956-12-18 Kendall & Co Synthetic felts
GB784318A (en) * 1953-05-15
US2730479A (en) * 1954-03-05 1956-01-10 Du Pont Fibrous materials and processes of making same
US3035475A (en) * 1956-02-23 1962-05-22 Bayer Ag Nets of synthetic threads
US2994617A (en) * 1956-11-05 1961-08-01 Du Pont Leather substitute

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3844080A (en) * 1971-09-08 1974-10-29 Ici Ltd Suspended ceiling
EP0040833A1 (en) * 1980-05-26 1981-12-02 Teijin Limited Papery product
GB2140837A (en) * 1983-05-31 1984-12-05 Allen Ind Sheet of material and method of making same
US5382400A (en) 1992-08-21 1995-01-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric and method for making same
US5418045A (en) 1992-08-21 1995-05-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric
US5405682A (en) 1992-08-26 1995-04-11 Kimberly Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US5425987A (en) 1992-08-26 1995-06-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US6500538B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymeric strands including a propylene polymer composition and nonwoven fabric and articles made therewith
EP2673407A2 (en) * 2011-02-09 2013-12-18 White Innovation Ltd. Meltable paint films and fabrics and methods of manufacturing thereof
EP2673407A4 (en) * 2011-02-09 2014-09-17 White Innovation Ltd Meltable paint films and fabrics and methods of manufacturing thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
NL6402028A (en) 1964-09-02 application
DE1469247A1 (en) 1969-01-09 application
FR1392059A (en) 1965-03-12 grant
LU45559A1 (en) 1964-04-29 application
BE644528A (en) 1964-08-28 grant
LU45559A (en) application
US3511747A (en) 1970-05-12 grant
ES297047A1 (en) 1964-05-16 application
DK121221B (en) 1971-09-27 grant

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